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See detailA rule-based expert system for real-time feedback-control in deep brain stimulation
Bremm, René Peter UL; Koch, Klaus Peter; Krüger, Rejko UL et al

in Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering (2020), 6(3), 4

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See detailAnalysis and visualisation of tremor dynamics in deep brain stimulation patients
Bremm, René Peter UL; Koch, Klaus Peter; Krüger, Rejko UL et al

in Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering (2020), 6(3), 4

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See detailOut-of-the-box Multipath TCP as a Tor Transport Protocol: Performance and Privacy Implications
de La Cadena Ramos, Augusto Wladimir UL; Kaiser, Daniel UL; Panchenko, Andriy UL et al

in 19th IEEE International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications (IEEE NCA 2020) (2020, November 25)

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See detailRadial Urban Forms: Lessons from Land Profile Scaling Analyses & Spatial-Explicit Models
Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Scientific Conference (2020, November 25)

We definitely live in an increasingly urban World for half of humanity now lives in cities. Cities provide wealth but also negatively impact the environment and the health of citizens. Arguably the ... [more ▼]

We definitely live in an increasingly urban World for half of humanity now lives in cities. Cities provide wealth but also negatively impact the environment and the health of citizens. Arguably the benefits and costs of cities relate to both their size, in population terms, and their internal structure, in terms of the relative spatial arrangement of built-up and natural land. Much of urban research focusses on very large cities and urban cores. Yet 3 urban human out of 4 live in cities of less than 4 million inhabitants (according to the global GHSL dataset). Similarly, 3 out of 4 in a typical (European) city do not live in its core but beyond (using a 7-8km radius to define core for a city like London or Paris). To address urban sustainability issues and design adaptation policies, these 75% certainly count and, we can argue, also deserve specific attention because of the relative proximity between urban and non-urban (natural) use that smaller cities and suburban (non-core) areas may permit. In this respect, it is key to understand how the internal structure of cities, in particular the form and density of built-up areas and the interwoven green space emerge out of the core up until the fringe. It is also key to understand whether the form of cities, especially density gradients and the share of urbanised/non-urbanised land change with city size. In this talk we draw lessons from 2 research approaches to urban forms: one theoretical that uses spatial micro-economic simulations, and one empirical that uses spatially detailed land use datasets. Our theoretical simulations relate individual behaviour to urban forms while our empirics relate urban forms to city size. Both have in common a radial perspective to cities, i.e. explicitly or implicitly assuming that the accessibility trade-off to a given centre is a key determinant of locations and land uses. In both cases, we look at urbanisation and green space structures and at pollution exposure as an example of impact. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Helpers of Anne Frank - Recontextualising the Rescue of Dutch Jews
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Scientific Conference (2020, November 24)

This paper sets out to recontextualise the memory of rescue as it pertains to Dutch Jewry during the Holocaust, by focusing on the helpers of Anne Frank and the other Jews in hiding in the Secret Annex ... [more ▼]

This paper sets out to recontextualise the memory of rescue as it pertains to Dutch Jewry during the Holocaust, by focusing on the helpers of Anne Frank and the other Jews in hiding in the Secret Annex. Much in the same way as perceptions of Jews in hiding have been decisively shaped by the story of Anne Frank, not only in the Dutch public imagination but arguably globally, so too the image of help, at least in the Western European and Anglosaxon world, has been considerably shaped by the story of two of the five helpers, Miep and Jan Gies, even if the support they provided to the onderduikers in the Secret Annex could ultimately not prevent discovery. The question of help, as well as the ultimate betrayal, of the onderduikers are linked to the broader question of the role of the Dutch population during the Holocaust. Within that context the Anne Frank story can and has indeed been used to provide both a stereotypical image of Gentile betrayal as well as an idealized and, arguably, romanticized image of Gentile help. In this paper I will trace the ways in which the image of help and rescue of Dutch Jews was shaped by the story of, especially, Miep Gies and analyse the ways in which her story resonated in the Netherlands as well as abroad. Important moments in this regard were the recognition of Miep Gies and the other helpers as Righteous Among the Nations in 1972, and the global publication of Miep Gies’ memoirs in 1987. I will frame this analysis within the broader historical context of 1) help provided to Jews in hiding in the Netherlands and the question of how representative the ‘helpers of Anne Frank’ were, and 2) the extent to which a focus on a few key individuals obscures the more complex reality of how rescue functioned in the first place. [less ▲]

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See detailResponses to long-term irregularly staying migrants: practices and challenges in EU Member States and Norway
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Hallack, Florence UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2020)

This study analyses the legal and factual situation in which long-term irregular staying migrants are in Luxembourg.

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See detailCommon diseases alter the physiological age-related blood microRNA profile.
Fehlmann, Tobias; Lehallier, Benoit; Schaum, Nicholas et al

in Nature communications (2020), 11(1), 5958

Aging is a key risk factor for chronic diseases of the elderly. MicroRNAs regulate post-transcriptional gene silencing through base-pair binding on their target mRNAs. We identified nonlinear changes in ... [more ▼]

Aging is a key risk factor for chronic diseases of the elderly. MicroRNAs regulate post-transcriptional gene silencing through base-pair binding on their target mRNAs. We identified nonlinear changes in age-related microRNAs by analyzing whole blood from 1334 healthy individuals. We observed a larger influence of the age as compared to the sex and provide evidence for a shift to the 5' mature form of miRNAs in healthy aging. The addition of 3059 diseased patients uncovered pan-disease and disease-specific alterations in aging profiles. Disease biomarker sets for all diseases were different between young and old patients. Computational deconvolution of whole-blood miRNAs into blood cell types suggests that cell intrinsic gene expression changes may impart greater significance than cell abundance changes to the whole blood miRNA profile. Altogether, these data provide a foundation for understanding the relationship between healthy aging and disease, and for the development of age-specific disease biomarkers. [less ▲]

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See detailLëtzbuerger Musek säit dem 2. Weltkrich
Sagrillo, Damien François UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

An dësem Virtrag gëtt d’Museksliewen zu Lëtzebuerg säit dem Zweete Weltkrich behandelt, den Opschwong vun der Amateurmusik an der kuerz dono, an d’Community Music an eisem haitege Medienzäitalter. Déi ... [more ▼]

An dësem Virtrag gëtt d’Museksliewen zu Lëtzebuerg säit dem Zweete Weltkrich behandelt, den Opschwong vun der Amateurmusik an der kuerz dono, an d’Community Music an eisem haitege Medienzäitalter. Déi folgend Aspekter stinn am Mëttelpunkt: D’”Gläichschaltung” vum Museks- a Kulturliewe während der nationalsozialistischer Besatzungszäit unhand vum Beispill vun der Dikrecher Philharmonie. Heiru gëtt kloer, dass déi un der Muecht sech dacks ouni Erfolleg ëm d’Gonscht vun der musizéierender Bevëlkerung beméit hunn a mat wéi engen drastesche Mëttelen si Veräiner begéint sinn, déi net noginn hunn. Am musekssoziologeschen Deel vun der Konferenz gëtt d’Museksveräinsliewen nom Zweete Weltkrich thematiséiert. Den Neiufank no de Krichsjoren huet de Veräiner eng nei Beléiftheet bruecht, déi souguer déi aus der Grënnungszäit iwwertraff huet. Dozou koum, dass d’Aarbechter aus den Industriegebidder am Süde vum Land an de Museken an de Chéier en intellektuellen Ausgläich zu hirer kierperlecher Aarbecht fonnt hunn. De kënschtlereschen Niveau vun de verschiddene Gesellschafte gouf zu engem iwwerregionale Virbild. D’Enn vun der Stolindustrie an den 1980er Jore war och d’Enn vu ville Museksgesellschaften, wéi zum Beispill der Déifferdenger Harmonie Municipale ënnert der Direktioun vum Asca Rampini. Säitdeem huet sech d’Museksliewen ëmmer méi dezentraliséiert. Et gouf versicht, des batter Erfarung mat enger prononcéierter musikalescher Bildung wettzemaachen, wat dozou gefouert huet, dass souguer an den entleeënsten Ecke vum Land Musekscoursen ugebuede goufen. Des Entwécklung huet eng Dezentraliséierung vum ganze Kulturliewen zu Lëtzebuerg matsechbruecht, e weideren Aspekt, deen dëse Virtrag behandele wäert. [less ▲]

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See detailHeuristic Evaluation of COVID-19 Chatbots
Hoehn, Sviatlana UL; Bongard, Kerstin UL

in Proceedings of CONVERSATIONS 2020 (2020, November 23)

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See detailDesigning of the module envelope of a hybrid modular building to meet the passive house standards in Luxembourg
Rakotonjanahary, Tahiana Roland Michaël UL; Scholzen, Frank UL; Ferreira Silva, Marielle UL et al

in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (2020, November 20), 588(5), 052026

To face the challenges of climate change, new buildings need to be further greener while being able to ensure a minimum comfort to the tenants. Nonetheless, extensibility and flexibility could be added to ... [more ▼]

To face the challenges of climate change, new buildings need to be further greener while being able to ensure a minimum comfort to the tenants. Nonetheless, extensibility and flexibility could be added to buildings. In this context, the architect jointly with the team of this research project have designed a hybrid modular construction called “slab building” which is composed of a permanent concrete structure and several removable wooden modules. A module offers 27m² of living space but larger housings can be realized by combining two up to four modules. The aim of this paper is to design the walls of the modules to meet the criteria of nZEB. The thicknesses of the studied thermal insulations, namely rock wool, wood wool, polyurethane and aerogel, have been determined in accordance with the passive house requirements in Luxembourg. The embodied energy of the building materials has also been considered in the designing of the modules. Steady state calculations revealed that a wall thickness of 40 cm, comprising 31cm of insulation is sufficient but according to the LCA outcomes, there is no environmental benefit in having the modules comply with the AAA energy class requirements at reasonable wall thicknesses. [less ▲]

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See detailHey, lass uns das zusammen machen!
Feist, Peter; Dusdal, Jennifer UL

Article for general public (2020)

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See detailTribune dans Le Monde: Numérique : avec le Covid-19, « la présence physique s’est avérée soudainement porteuse d’une dimension politique »
Becker, Katrin UL

Article for general public (2020)

La philosophe Katrin Becker estime, dans une tribune au « Monde », que lorsqu’il devient possible de façonner son propre accès aux autres depuis un écran, on en oublie la nécessité des contacts directs ... [more ▼]

La philosophe Katrin Becker estime, dans une tribune au « Monde », que lorsqu’il devient possible de façonner son propre accès aux autres depuis un écran, on en oublie la nécessité des contacts directs, fondements de la coexistence sociale. [less ▲]

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See detailPerpetuating Crises at the Source?: (Inter)Regionalism and Normative Incoherence for Sustainable Migration in Africa
Koff, Harlan UL

in Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studiesjavascript:$('next-but').click(); (2020), 47(4), 1-22

In response to the 2015–2016 migration crisis, the European Union established the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa that aimed ‘to address the root causes of instability, forced displacement and irregular ... [more ▼]

In response to the 2015–2016 migration crisis, the European Union established the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa that aimed ‘to address the root causes of instability, forced displacement and irregular migration and to contribute to better migration management.’ This article questions the logic of this approach to migration management by asking whether African regions can ‘better manage migration.’ The article examines the normative bases of migration policies amongst the African Union (AU) and six regional economic communities (RECs), as well as the normative bases of the development strategies pursued by the AU and these RECs. The article proposes normative policy coherence for development as an approach to better understand the relationships between regional integration, sustainable development and migration management in Africa. [less ▲]

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See detailOn socially constructed aspects of language (in)competence: Raising critical language awareness in the multilingual workplace
Lovrits, Veronika UL

Scientific Conference (2020, November 19)

In this theoretical contribution, I invite fellow researchers and managers to engage in a reflection on what is perceived as a competent language use at work. The objective is to open a broader discussion ... [more ▼]

In this theoretical contribution, I invite fellow researchers and managers to engage in a reflection on what is perceived as a competent language use at work. The objective is to open a broader discussion on seemingly obvious assumptions that may skew our understanding of everyday language practices. Critically reflected research review will point out to limitations of commonplace perspectives that mirror in managerial research and have implications for practice. Two questions will be discussed to raise critical awareness in the multilingual workplace: what linguistic norm sets the bar for the appropriateness of language use in the workplace, and whose interests does the language norm represent. This way, three problematic topics will be brought to attention: non acknowledged proliferation of linguistic concepts from education to workplace; questionable aptness of referring to standard language norm; and unacknowledged power plays fuelled by competing pragmatic needs of communicative partners. A reflection of power relations linked to norms and needs in the workplace may subsequently support a variety of practical managerial responses – ranging from a symbolic social acceptance of nonstandard language use to a decision to hire a professional linguistic service. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimenter Effects in Children Using the Smileyometer Scale
Lehnert, Florence Kristin UL; Lallemand, Carine UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, November 19)

Researchers in the social sciences like human-computer interaction face novel challenges concerning the development of methods and tools for evaluating interactive technology with children. One of these ... [more ▼]

Researchers in the social sciences like human-computer interaction face novel challenges concerning the development of methods and tools for evaluating interactive technology with children. One of these challenges is related to the validity and reliability of user experience measurement tools. Scale designs, like the Smileyometer, have been proven to contain biases such as the tendency for children to rate almost every technology as great. This explorative paper discusses a possible effect of two experimenter styles on the distribution of 6-8 years old pupils' ratings (N= 73) to the Smileyometer. We administered the scale before and after a tablet-based assessment in two schools. Experimenter 1 employed a child-directed speech compared to a monotone speech of Experimenter 2. While brilliant (5 out of 5) was the most frequent answer option in all conditions, the mean scores were higher and associated with a lower variability across both conditions for Experimenter 2. We discuss a possible experimenter effect in the Smileyometer and implications for evaluating children’s user experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailMachine Learning on Graphs
Kozlowski, Diego UL

Presentation (2020, November 18)

Graphs are a ubiquitous data structure that can be exploited in many different problems. In tasks where observations are not independently drawn from the data generating process, but their codependencies ... [more ▼]

Graphs are a ubiquitous data structure that can be exploited in many different problems. In tasks where observations are not independently drawn from the data generating process, but their codependencies add valuable information, a network analysis might be useful for modelling those relations. In this seminar we will discuss about Graph Neural Networks, the deep learning approach for dealing with networks. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (4 UL)
See detailFrom the history of Internet to Internet and Web histories
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, November 18)

This presentation aims to describe the shift from the history of the Internet to Internet histories by analysing several factors (e.g. influence of media history, web sources, maintenance or platform ... [more ▼]

This presentation aims to describe the shift from the history of the Internet to Internet histories by analysing several factors (e.g. influence of media history, web sources, maintenance or platform studies, etc.). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (0 UL)
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See detailEffects of Emotional Music on Facial Emotion Recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Wagener, Gary; Berning, Madeleine; Pinto Coelho da Costa, Andreia UL et al

in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (2020)

Impaired facial emotion recognition in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is in contrast to their intact emotional music recognition. This study tested whether emotion congruent music enhances ... [more ▼]

Impaired facial emotion recognition in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is in contrast to their intact emotional music recognition. This study tested whether emotion congruent music enhances facial emotion recognition. Accuracy and reaction times were assessed for 19 children with ASD and 31 controls in a recognition task with angry, happy, or sad faces. Stimuli were shown with either emotionally congruent or incongruent music or no music. Although children with ASD had higher reaction times than controls, accuracy only differed when incongruent or no music was played, indicating that congruent emotional music can boost facial emotion recognition in children with ASD. Emotion congruent music may support emotion recognition in children with ASD, and thus may improve their social skills. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (1 UL)