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See detailPostwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien
Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt et al

Book published by Transcript (2020)

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See detailPostwachstumsgeographien. Konzeptionelle und thematische Eckpunkte der Anthologie
Schulz, Christian UL; Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina et al

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailMediennutzung in den Zeiten von Pandemie und Lockdown
Melzer, André UL; Holl, Elisabeth UL; Hale, Miriam-Linnea UL

in Benoy, Charles (Ed.) COVID-19 - Ein Virus nimmt Einfluss auf unsere Psyche. Einschätzungen und Maßnahmen aus psychologischer Perspektive (2020)

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See detailLes exceptions à la règle de l’Etat de droit: déroger aux droits fondamentaux en période de crise?Cahiers Jean Monnet, Actes des ateliers doctoraux « L’état de droit », Centre d'Excellence Europe Capitole
Mavrouli, Roila UL

in Cahiers Jean Monnet, Actes des ateliers doctoraux « L’état de droit », Centre d'Excellence Europe Capitole (2020)

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See detailThe ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Fickers, Andreas; Balbi, Gabriele (Eds.) History of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (2020)

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative ... [more ▼]

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy (CCITT, now known as ITU- T) in the debates concerning transport protocols that arose from the 1970s. At the CCITT, telecommunications’ representatives decided in favour of virtual circuits, which enjoyed a long lifespan. Nevertheless, this choice diverged from the one made by the Arpanet’s researchers, and later the Internet’s community. Faced by the success of Internet and a new model of technical decisions and governance arising within the Internet community, which was openly divergent from the standardization previously at work, the ITU generated strong criticism at the end of the 1990s and at the beginning of the 2000s when it tried to enter the Internet field. The ITU then sought to restore its techno-diplomatic role through multi-stakeholderism, of which the World Summit on the Information Society (2003 and 2005) marked a crucial step. By crossing organizational archives, CCITT and ITU reports, oral history, press materials and web archives, this chapter will show how the ITU dealt with the transition from a well-recognized and salient techno-diplomatic role - partly due to the telecommunications’ monopolies- to a more peripheral position during the deregulation and the growth of the Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailCities seen through a relational lens
Hesse, Markus UL; Wong, Catherine UL

in Geographische Zeitschrift (2020), 108(2), 74-98

This paper applies a relational approach to global urbanization with respect to the economic flows and relationships that help local places to position themselves globally. The paper ties in with the ... [more ▼]

This paper applies a relational approach to global urbanization with respect to the economic flows and relationships that help local places to position themselves globally. The paper ties in with the increasing functional and economic integration of urban areas – an integration that is not primarily related to economic or population size but an outcome of specialization and a politics of niche sovereignty. Empirically the paper draws upon case studies of three different places: Geneva (Switzerland), Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) and the citystate of Singapore. We reconstruct the different ways in which these three became part of global networks, and how the crafting of political frameworks based on niche making has fostered their rise in global significance. [less ▲]

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See detailDroit du travail européen et Covid-19
Ratti, Luca UL

Speeches/Talks (2020)

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See detailEmerging concepts for precision medicine in Parkinson's disease with focus on genetics
Krüger, Rejko UL; Stute, Lara UL

in Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie (2020)

The diverse and highly individual presentations of Parkinson's disease (PD) as a complex combination of motor and non-motor symptoms are being increasingly well characterised not least through large ... [more ▼]

The diverse and highly individual presentations of Parkinson's disease (PD) as a complex combination of motor and non-motor symptoms are being increasingly well characterised not least through large patient cohorts applying deep phenotyping. However, in terms of treatment of PD, the approach is uniform and purely symptomatic. Better stratification strategies with better precision medicine approaches offer opportunities to improve symptomatic treatment, define first causative therapies and provide more patient-centred care. Insight from targeted therapies for monogenic forms of PD aiming at neuroprotection may pave the way for new mechanism-based interventions also for the more common idiopathic PD. Improved stratification of patients may support symptomatic treatments by predicting treatment efficacy and long-term benefit of current pharmacological or neuromodulatory therapies, e.g. in the context of emerging pharmacogenomic knowledge. Based on asymptomatic carriers with monogenic PD or patients with REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD), first options for applying preventive treatments emerge. The implications of these treatment strategies in relation to disease progression, and the prospects of their implementation in clinical practice need to be addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailWho is going to pay the price of Covid-19? Reflections about an unequal Brazil
Ribeiro, Fabiana UL; Leist, Anja UL

in International Journal for Equity in Health (2020), 19

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See detailInternet histories early career researcher award
Schafer, Valerie UL; Brugger, Niels; Goggin, Gerard et al

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020), (3),

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original ... [more ▼]

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original approaches to the study of internet history. These papers all help enrich our perspectives and broaden them in many ways, from Brazil to China, from Cyberactivitst to Civil Society at large, from Gender Studies to Platform Studies, from Emails to Interfaces, while demonstrating again that there is no unique path to write “Internet Histories.” [less ▲]

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See detailTax Procedures in Luxembourg
Chaouche, Fatima; Haslehner, Werner UL

in Tax Procedures (2020)

This contribution provides an overview of Luxembourg tax procedures and answers a number of questions regarding the administrative law principles governing the collection of taxation, audit, and appeals ... [more ▼]

This contribution provides an overview of Luxembourg tax procedures and answers a number of questions regarding the administrative law principles governing the collection of taxation, audit, and appeals procedures. It was prepared as a contribution to the 2019 Annual Congress of the European Association of Tax Law Professors, which was devoted to tax procedures. [less ▲]

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See detailA Guide to the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive
Haslehner, Werner UL; Kofler, Georg; Pantazatou, Katerina et al

Book published by Edward Elgar (2020)

This book provides a concise, practical guide to the European Union’s Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD). Presenting unique insights into the ATAD’s five specific anti-avoidance rules, its chapters ... [more ▼]

This book provides a concise, practical guide to the European Union’s Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD). Presenting unique insights into the ATAD’s five specific anti-avoidance rules, its chapters explain the background of those rules, the directive’s interactions with relevant jurisprudence, and the challenges posed to the ATAD’s interpretation and implementation in domestic law. Key features include: • critical, article-by-article analysis of the ATAD • contextual information on the legislative environment in which the ATAD operates, embedding it in the wider landscape of CJEU jurisprudence • insights into the day-to-day application of the ATAD rules in practice • contributions from leading academics and practitioners in the field of tax law • examples of the challenges to the interpretation and implementation of ATAD, taken from a range of EU Member States. European and international tax advisors, along with policy makers in the field of tax law, will find this book to be a comprehensive yet accessible guide to the ATAD and its correct application. Those who carry out research in European tax law can also benefit from this book’s critical approach to the ATAD and the questions that surround anti-tax avoidance legislation in the European Union. [less ▲]

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See detailGlobal technologies, glocal approach: a false paradox
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Esboços: histórias em contextos globais (2020), 27(45), 286-305

This article seeks to identify the factors that have led researchers to root their historical approach in a national or regional context, rather than a global one. This may seem paradoxical when the ... [more ▼]

This article seeks to identify the factors that have led researchers to root their historical approach in a national or regional context, rather than a global one. This may seem paradoxical when the Internet is thought to be global, and digital content and cultures at least partially cross-borders. These approaches are determined by reactions to a history of the Internet that has been far too focused on the United States from the outset, by a desire to consider this history in a given context, and by the historical sources. However, the use of national and regional approaches does not preclude the stimulating comparative or transnational perspectives that may renew this history in terms of infrastructure, missing narratives and user participation, as well as technical and human networks. We even suggest that studying the history of the places, people and communities that remain outside networks (whether by choice or by necessity) could tell us a lot about the global and asymmetric reality of the Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailBending laminations on convex hulls of anti-de Sitter quasicircles
merlin, louis; Schlenker, Jean-Marc UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Let λ− and λ+ be two bounded measured laminations on the hyperbolic disk H2, which "strongly fill" (definition below). We consider the left earthquakes along λ− and λ+, considered as maps from the ... [more ▼]

Let λ− and λ+ be two bounded measured laminations on the hyperbolic disk H2, which "strongly fill" (definition below). We consider the left earthquakes along λ− and λ+, considered as maps from the universal Teichmüller space T to itself, and we prove that the composition of those left earthquakes has a fixed point. The proof uses anti-de Sitter geometry. Given a quasi-symmetric homeomorphism u:RP1→RP1, the boundary of the convex hull in AdS3 of its graph in RP1×RP1≃∂AdS3 is the disjoint union of two embedded copies of the hyperbolic plane, pleated along measured geodesic laminations. Our main result is that any pair of bounded measured laminations that "strongly fill" can be obtained in this manner. [less ▲]

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See detailTokenization of Sukuk: Ethereum Case Study
Khan, Nida UL; Kchouri, Bilal UL; Yatoo, Nissar Ahmad et al

in Global Finance Journal (2020)

Sukuk is a financial instrument that provides returns similar to conventional bonds. It has served to cater to the capital requirements of big corporations and governments, while circumventing interest to ... [more ▼]

Sukuk is a financial instrument that provides returns similar to conventional bonds. It has served to cater to the capital requirements of big corporations and governments, while circumventing interest to adhere to the Shariah law. Sukuk can be touted as Shariah-compliant bonds that rank amongst the most successful and the fastest growing financial instrument in the Islamic economy. The sukuk research area is marked by a dearth of quantitative literature, compared to qualitative academic work. This paper seeks to fill this existing gap, and introduces a novel, exploratory analysis of sukuk tokenization based on a case study. The funding needs of small and medium enterprises remains largely unmet through sukuk on account of the high costs involved, among other reasons. As we show in this paper, blockchains can aid to lower the cost incurred through the tokenization of sukuk. We highlight some of the key challenges involved in the issuance of sukuk and discuss their resolution using blockchain. We also provide a taxonomy of blockchain applications in finance, with a particular focus on Islamic finance. Our paper reviews different blockchain architectures to assess their viability for tokenization. We conduct a novel case study on sukuk tokenization by implementing a basic smart contract for Sukuk al-Murabaha on Ethereum. The paper concludes by a conceptual analysis of feasibility concerns, based on a comparison of the conducted cost-benefit analysis of conventional sukuk issuance with tokenization. [less ▲]

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See detailKongressbericht Wadgassen 2018. Biographies
Sagrillo, Damien François UL

Book published by Lit (2020)

IGEB Biographies, Volume 3 – The present book is the third volume in the IGEB Biographies series. It consists of the written contributions of twelve papers presented during the IGEB conference in ... [more ▼]

IGEB Biographies, Volume 3 – The present book is the third volume in the IGEB Biographies series. It consists of the written contributions of twelve papers presented during the IGEB conference in Wadgassen/Germany in 2018. They deal with personalities and their work in connection with wind music. IGEB-Biographien, Band 3 – Das vorliegende Buch ist der dritte Band der Reihe IGEB-Biographien. Er beinhaltet die Verschriftlichung von zwölf Vorträgen, die während der IGEB-Konferenz in Wadgassen/Deutschland 2018 gehalten wurden. Sie behandeln Persönlichkeiten und ihr Wirken in Zusammenhang mit Blasmusik. [less ▲]

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See detailA Note on Stein’s Overreaction Puzzle
Lin, Yuehao; Lehnert, Thorsten UL

in Decisions in Economics and Finance (2020), 43(1), 269-276

Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical ... [more ▼]

Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical results are in line with their argument that the variance under risk-neutral measure is more persistent than the variance under physical measure due to a negative variance risk premium. But our results do not support their argument that the more persistent variance is able to qualitatively explain Stein’s findings. We show theoretically that the persistence of the volatility cannot amplify the movements of long-term variance to short-term fluctuations in variance, and, therefore, conclude that Stein’s overreaction puzzle is still unsolved. [less ▲]

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See detailCréation d'une association européenne de droit international privé
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Recueil Dalloz (2020)

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See detailThe Future Food Chain: Digitization as an Enabler of Society 5.0
Keogh, John G.; Dube, Laurette; Rejeb, Abderahman et al

in Building the Future of Food Safety Technology, 1st Edition, Blockchain and Beyond (2020)

Food systems and food supply chains (FSCs) have undergone significant changes in their operations and structure over the last decade as globalization expands both food choice and availability. As FSCs ... [more ▼]

Food systems and food supply chains (FSCs) have undergone significant changes in their operations and structure over the last decade as globalization expands both food choice and availability. As FSCs lengthen, and food passes through extended trading relationships, transparency on food origins, methods of cultivation, harvest, processing as well as labor conditions and sustainability is reduced, along with food trust. Moreover, while the rapid pace of technology innovation benefits FSCs, we are witness to the usage of social media platforms by citizen-consumers to amplify the rhetoric related to recurring incidents and crises in food quality, food safety, food fraud, food security, sustainability, and other ethical lapses. Furthermore, we are witness to new evidence on the global burden of foodborne diseases, including non-communicable diseases that range from severe malnutrition to morbid obesity and from severe illnesses requiring hospitalization to mortality. The World Health Organization claims that thirty-one foodborne hazards cause six-hundred million illnesses and four-hundred and twenty thousand deaths annually. Overcoming these challenges requires a holistic reframing of our food systems and societal challenges. The emergence of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provides an overarching framework for collaboration and alignment. Japan has put forward a vision for a human-centric, technology-enabled future branded as "Society 5.0". Increasingly, the redesign of FSCs necessitates a concerted, multi-stakeholder effort and the development of digitization strategies in order to cope with the evolution toward the vision of Society 5.0 and to achieve the UN SDGs. [less ▲]

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