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See detailLa protection des droits fondamentaux au Luxembourg : Le rôle des institutions nationales des droits de l'homme et de la société civile
Baglayan, Basak UL

in Gerkrath, Jörg (Ed.) La défense des droits et libertés au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (2020)

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See detailReconstructing the Treaty Network – the EU law perspective (EU report IFA Congress 2020)
Haslehner, Werner UL; García Prats, Alfredo; Heydt, Volker et al

in Duff, David; Gutmann, Daniel (Eds.) Cahiers de droit fiscal international 2020: Reconstructing the treaty network (2020)

European Union law overlaps and interacts with both the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS) and its implementation and the member states’ tax treaties between them and with third ... [more ▼]

European Union law overlaps and interacts with both the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS) and its implementation and the member states’ tax treaties between them and with third countries, and there is also an area where all three fields meet. This intersection of EU law, BEPS and member states’ (mostly) bilateral tax treaties is the subject of this report. [less ▲]

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See detailThe development and validation of a short conscientiousness questionnaire for large-scale educational assessment
van der Westhuizen, Lindie UL; Franzen, Patrick UL; Arens, A. Katrin et al

Scientific Conference (2020, July)

Conscientiousness and its subfacets are related to multiple learning-related outcomes. MacCann, Duckworth and Roberts (2009) developed a questionnaire measuring seven subfacets of conscientiousness with ... [more ▼]

Conscientiousness and its subfacets are related to multiple learning-related outcomes. MacCann, Duckworth and Roberts (2009) developed a questionnaire measuring seven subfacets of conscientiousness with 59 items. However, the resources required to complete such long scales often renders it unsuitable for large-scale educational assessment. Consequently, an economic and psychometrically sound conscientiousness questionnaire that is specifically customized for this context is needed. We developed and validated a short version of the MacCann et al. (2009) questionnaire. In study 1, French and German adaptations of the questionnaire were administered to a representative dataset comprising all ninth-graders in Luxembourg (N1=6325, Cohort 2017). Using an exhaustive search algorithm, we identified the optimal combination of four items for each subfacet by simultaneously considering three criteria: goodness of fit, factor saturation, and scalar measurement invariance across the German and French versions. In study 2, we validated our short 28-item questionnaire on a second, independent sample comprising 6,279 Luxembourgish ninth-graders (Cohort 2018). A 7-factor model assuming separate factors for each subfacet obtained acceptable fit (CFI=.93, RMSEA=.04, SRMR=.06). The criterion validity for each subfacet was tested by examining the relation to standardized achievement tests (SATs). In study 3, drawing on a dataset of 275 tenth-graders (linked longitudinally with the ninth-grade data from study 1), evidence of predictive validity (i.e., school grades) was examined. The subfacets of industriousness, caution and perfectionism showed the strongest relations with both SATs (study 2) and school grades (study 3). Our study delivered a short, valid and reliable questionnaire for the assessment of seven conscientiousness facets in the educational context. The scale is invariant across the German and French language versions and its brevity makes it suitable for large-scale educational assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving open data accessibility through package development and community work
Kozlowski, Diego UL; Tiscornia, Pablo; Weksler, Guido et al

Poster (2020, July)

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See detailMeasuring multiculturalism: Scale development and validation in different languages and contexts (Cancelled due to COVID-19)
Stogianni, Maria UL; Schmidt, Lea Marie; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, July)

Increased migration has led to the formation of culturally diverse societies in most places around the world. Consequently, individuals of different ethnic backgrounds need to find ways of living together ... [more ▼]

Increased migration has led to the formation of culturally diverse societies in most places around the world. Consequently, individuals of different ethnic backgrounds need to find ways of living together. Multiculturalism as an ideology and policy framework proposes several strategies to deal with increasing diversity and to improve intergroup relations in multicultural contexts. Berry (2016) emphasizes two important aspects of multiculturalism: a) diversity, the presence of ethnocultural diversity in the population and b) equity, the right for equal participation of all cultural groups in the society. Both diversity and equity are necessary conditions for the success of multicultural policies. Culturally heterogeneous communities that do not support inclusion and equitable participation of all groups, face the negative consequences of segregation. In line with this notion, an international research consortium developed a revised version of the Multicultural Ideology Scale (Berry & Kalin, 1995) to assess support for cultural diversity. The scale aims to distinguish various attitudinal dimensions of multiculturalism, relevant to the acceptance and social inclusion of different ethnocultural groups: Cultural Maintenance, Equity/Inclusion, Social interaction, Essentialistic Boundaries, Extent of Differences, and Conflictual Relations. The present study is part of this cross-cultural research project, which aims to develop and test the psychometric properties of the scale in different language versions and cultural contexts. The survey will be administered to a large sample of native German citizens with different demographic characteristics. We aim to understand the attitude of native citizens towards cultural diversity and their willingness to interact with members of ethnic minority groups. We will also investigate the relationship between multicultural attitudes and individual difference variables, such as ethnic group attachment and social dominance orientation. Findings from all the country studies in the project will enable us develop a universal measure of multicultural attitudes that can be applied in multiple groups and contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailHistorical roots and strands of physical education and school sport development in Europe
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailResearch on Physical Education and School sport in Europe - Introduction
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailComparative analysis of physical education and school sport development and research in Europe
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailDeveloping an Interactive Tabletop Mediated Activity to Induce Collaboration by Implementing Design Considerations Based on Cooperative Learning Principles
Sunnen, Patrick UL; Arend, Béatrice UL; Heuser, Svenja UL et al

in Stephanidis, Constantine; Antona, Margherita (Eds.) HCI International 2020 - Posters (2020, July)

Constructive collaboration can be a difficult matter. For this reason, we are implementing and studying an interactive-tabletop-mediated activity that aims at inducing collaboration among participants ... [more ▼]

Constructive collaboration can be a difficult matter. For this reason, we are implementing and studying an interactive-tabletop-mediated activity that aims at inducing collaboration among participants. The resulting activity ‘Orbitia’ is designed as a serious game. Participants are asked to act as a space- mining crew, which has to collect minerals with a rover and rely on a camera- drone for reconnaissance, while keeping the rover out of harm and managing limited resources. In this paper we provide an account of how we designed Orbitia’s pedagogical structuring by relying on the Johnsons’ cooperative learning approach whose fundamental concept is “positive interdependence”. More particularly, we show how we worked on resource, role and task inter- dependence to design three collaboration-inducing ‘flagship’ devices: the rover- steering-device (RSD), the item-locating-device (ILD) and the responsibility- activating-device (RAD). [less ▲]

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See detail'Being a space mining crew': How participants jointly discover their complementary resources while engaging into a serious game at an interactive tabletop
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL; Heuser, Svenja UL et al

in L.Gomez Chova, A. Lopez Martinez, I. Candel Torres: Proceedings, International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies 2020 (2020, July)

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See detailL'Europe au miroir quasi-cristallin. Sur le besoin juridique du vertige littéraire
Becker, Katrin UL

in Révue Droit & Littérature (2020), 4

L’article prend comme point de départ l’anthropologie dogmatique du philosophe et historien du droit Pierre Legendre, et met en lumière les imbrications du droit et de la littérature, plus spécifiquement ... [more ▼]

L’article prend comme point de départ l’anthropologie dogmatique du philosophe et historien du droit Pierre Legendre, et met en lumière les imbrications du droit et de la littérature, plus spécifiquement l’importance de la littérature pour la relation du sujet au droit. Un rôle central joue ici la logique de la représentation – qui s’avère essentielle pour assurer la validité du système juridique ainsi que l’adhésion du sujet aux données normatives d’un système culturel : Pour chaque culture il s’agit de créer une construction du face à face avec le monde, une représentation – textuelle et imaginaire – dans laquelle le sujet se reconnaît et à laquelle il peut croire. Allant au-delà de l’approche legendrienne, notre article posera l’hypothèse que c’est notamment le texte littéraire qui, grâce au pouvoir fictionnel inhérent à sa structure spéculaire, se montre capable de créer, d’affirmer ou de bouleverser un système représentationnel. Ensuite, nous allons interroger l’hypothèse du lien représentationnel entre sujet et droit sous les conditions actuelles (mondialisation, multilinguisme, numérisation), avant d’examiner sa validité dans le contexte européen : Un système commun européen de représentation, existe-t-il véritablement ? Une littérature européenne pourrait-elle aider à le ressusciter ou bien à en construire un ? Et enfin, compte tenu de la diversité de langues et des nationalismes renaissants, à quoi pourrait ressembler une « littérature européenne »? Dans le but d’esquisser une réponse à ces questions, l’article va examiner les données représentationnelles du système politico-juridico-culturel européen afin d’ensuite tracer les contours d’une littérature européenne et de déceler comment celle-ci pourrait contribuer à la mise en place d’un miroir commun de la communauté européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailImmersive Telepresence Framework for Remote Educational Scenarios
Botev, Jean UL; Rodríguez Lera, Francisco J.

in Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International) (2020, July)

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See detailExploring the 20-year evolution of a research community: web-archives as essential sources for historical research
Brügger, Niels; Schafer, Valerie UL

in Cahiers de la documentation (2020), 2

Le projet PROMISE ne pouvait se concevoir sans aborder la question de l’accès aux archives du web belge. En effet, s’il est important de les sauvegarder, c’est en raison de leur importance comme sources ... [more ▼]

Le projet PROMISE ne pouvait se concevoir sans aborder la question de l’accès aux archives du web belge. En effet, s’il est important de les sauvegarder, c’est en raison de leur importance comme sources d’information pour la recherche. Par conséquent, lors du colloque “Saving the Web: the Promise of a Belgian Web Archive”, l’accès et l’utilisation de ces archives spécifiques ont été largement abordés. Deux des intervenants lors de ce colloque, Valérie Schafer et Niels Brügger, ont accepté de partager leurs expériences respectives quant à l’utilisation d’archives web, celles-ci remontant parfois au début des années 2000. [less ▲]

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See detailScattering theory for the Hodge-Laplacian
Baumgarth, Robert UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

We prove using an integral criterion the existence and completeness of the wave operators corresponding to the Hodge-Laplacians acting on differential p-forms, induced by two quasi-isometric Riemannian ... [more ▼]

We prove using an integral criterion the existence and completeness of the wave operators corresponding to the Hodge-Laplacians acting on differential p-forms, induced by two quasi-isometric Riemannian metrics g and h on a complete open smooth manifold M. In particular, this result provides a criterion for the absolutely continuous spectra to coincide. The proof is based on gradient estimates obtained by probabilistic Bismut-type formulae for the heat semigroup defined by spectral calculus. By these localised formulae, the integral criterion only requires local curvature bounds and some upper local control on the heat kernel acting on functions, but no control on the injectivity radii. A consequence is a stability result of the absolutely continuous spectrum under a Ricci flow. As an application we concentrate on the important case of conformal perturbations. [less ▲]

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See detailPraxistagebücher aus der Sozialen Arbeit in Zeiten von Covid-19 – Möglichkeiten, Herausforderungen und Grenzen der digitalen Kommunikation
Flammang, Manou Laure UL; Böwen, Petra UL

Report (2020)

In this publication, representatives from 8 different practical fields of social work describe how communication and interaction with their target groups changed during the confinement measures due to ... [more ▼]

In this publication, representatives from 8 different practical fields of social work describe how communication and interaction with their target groups changed during the confinement measures due to Covid-19 and how they deal with this exceptional situation. The focus is on digital communication with the addressees. The publication is rounded off by a comprehensive analysis of the practice diaries and considerations for the future of digitisation in social work. It contains contributions in German and in French. [less ▲]

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See detailAn infographic synopsis of Luxembourg’s Food System
Reckinger, Rachel UL; Kapgen, Diane UL; Korjonen, Maria Helena UL

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur (2020), 408

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See detailThe General Scope of the ATAD and its Position in the EU Legal Order
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Kofler, Georg (Eds.) et al A Practical Guide to the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (2020)

This chapter analyses the scope of the anti-tax avoidance directive (ATAD) as implemented in 2020 and its positioning within the EU legal order, in particular vis-à-vis primary EU law, national tax rules ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses the scope of the anti-tax avoidance directive (ATAD) as implemented in 2020 and its positioning within the EU legal order, in particular vis-à-vis primary EU law, national tax rules, and bilateral tax agreements. It examines the interpretation of the provisions of the ATAD and their compatibility with higher ranking norms, such as the fundamental freedoms, State aid rules, and fundamental rights. [less ▲]

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