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See detailDynamic Bargaining and Stability with Veto Players
Anesi, Vincent UL; Duggan, John

in Games and Economic Behavior (2017), 103

This note examines the structure of stationary bargaining equilibria in the finite framework of Anesi (2010). The main result establishes a tight connection between the set of equilibrium absorbing points ... [more ▼]

This note examines the structure of stationary bargaining equilibria in the finite framework of Anesi (2010). The main result establishes a tight connection between the set of equilibrium absorbing points and the von Neumann–Morgenstern solutions: assuming that players are patient, that the voting rule is oligarchical, and that there is at least one veto player with positive recognition probability, a set of alternatives corresponds to the absorbing points of an equilibrium if and only if it is a von Neumann–Morgenstern solution. We also apply our analysis of ergodic properties of equilibria to the persistent agenda setter environment of Diermeier and Fong (2012). We show that all equilibria are essentially pure, and we extend their characterization of absorbing sets to allow an arbitrary voting rule and by removing the restriction to pure strategy equilibria. [less ▲]

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See detailThe non-linear development of the right hemispheric specialization for human face perception.
Lochy, Aliette UL; de Heering, Adelaide; Rossion, Bruno

in Neuropsychologia (2017)

The developmental origins of human adults' right hemispheric specialization for face perception remain unclear. On the one hand, infant studies have shown a right hemispheric advantage for face perception ... [more ▼]

The developmental origins of human adults' right hemispheric specialization for face perception remain unclear. On the one hand, infant studies have shown a right hemispheric advantage for face perception. On the other hand, it has been proposed that the adult right hemispheric lateralization for face perception slowly emerges during childhood due to reading acquisition, which increases left lateralized posterior responses to competing written material (e.g., visual letters and words). Since methodological approaches used in infant and children typically differ when their face capabilities are explored, resolving this issue has been difficult. Here we tested 5-year-old preschoolers varying in their level of visual letter knowledge with the same fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) paradigm leading to strongly right lateralized electrophysiological occipito-temporal face-selective responses in 4- to 6-month-old infants (de Heering and Rossion, 2015). Children's face-selective response was quantitatively larger and differed in scalp topography from infants', but did not differ across hemispheres. There was a small positive correlation between preschoolers' letter knowledge and a non-normalized index of right hemispheric specialization for faces. These observations show that previous discrepant results in the literature reflect a genuine nonlinear development of the neural processes underlying face perception and are not merely due to methodological differences across age groups. We discuss several factors that could contribute to the adult right hemispheric lateralization for faces, such as myelination of the corpus callosum and reading acquisition. Our findings point to the value of FPVS coupled with electroencephalography to assess specialized face perception processes throughout development with the same methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailPour une pragmatique des images – Le ‘sens’ de deux séquences filmiques : figuration et énonciation
Tore, Gian Maria UL

in Beyaert-Geslin, Anne; Dondero, Maria Giulia; Moutat, Audrey (Eds.) Les plis du visuel – Réflexivité et énonciation dans l’image (2017)

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See detailFacing the Greek Junta (1967-1974): The Council of Europe, the European Community, and the Rise of Human Rights Politics
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in European Review of History (2017), 24(3), 358-376

In April 1967, a group of colonels seized power in Greece. Since Greece was a member-state of the Council of Europe and held an association agreement with the European Community, both organizations had to ... [more ▼]

In April 1967, a group of colonels seized power in Greece. Since Greece was a member-state of the Council of Europe and held an association agreement with the European Community, both organizations had to define their positions vis-à-vis the new military regime. Very soon, politicians in the parliamentary assemblies of both organizations started to cooperate with the aim of imposing sanctions on Greece. This article examines the inter-organizational dynamics between the European Community and the Council of Europe on Greece during the colonels’ regime. It argues that the European Community imported concrete policy positions and even normative ideas which had first emerged in the Council of Europe. In so doing, the Community prepared the ground for its future human-rights policies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Developing Role of the European Ombudsman
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Ziller, Jacques (Eds.) Accountability in the EU - The Role of the European Ombudsman (2017)

This chapter undertakes an assessment of the legal framework governing the mandate and capabilities as well as independence of the European Ombudsman (hereafter, the ‘Ombudsman’). To do so, the chapter ... [more ▼]

This chapter undertakes an assessment of the legal framework governing the mandate and capabilities as well as independence of the European Ombudsman (hereafter, the ‘Ombudsman’). To do so, the chapter takes a detailed look at, inter alia, EU ‘constitutional’ law, the Ombudsman’s existing procedures, the concept of ‘maladministration’ as expressed in the Ombudsman’s mandate, and the consequences of an Ombudsman finding of maladministration. On this basis the chapter discusses future possibilities for developing ombuds review in the European Union (EU) as well as Ombudsman O’Reilly’s stated ambition to increase the visibility of the Ombudsman and the impact of ombuds review in the context of more high-profile, and often ‘political’, investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral Principles of EU Law and EU Administrative Law
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Peers, Steve; Barnard, Catherine (Eds.) European Union Law (2017)

Treaty provisions and Union legislation are only part of the story of how law can actually take effect in reality. A quite decisive factor is their implementation through administrative action. The basic ... [more ▼]

Treaty provisions and Union legislation are only part of the story of how law can actually take effect in reality. A quite decisive factor is their implementation through administrative action. The basic themes of this chapter are, first, the steps which take place after legislation has been passed: who does what and by which means to make sure that political decisions made in a legislative act do not only remain ‘law on the books’? The second theme is which rights exist in that context? How can they be protected? In other words, this chapter deals not only with the sub-legislative setting of rules and making of decisions, it also asks which principles and rules exist to ensure the legality and legitimacy of administrative action implementing EU law. [less ▲]

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See detailClimatic factors as Determinants of Migration: Redux
Beine, Michel UL; Parsons, Christopher

in CESifo Economic Studies (2017), 63(4), 385-402

In this paper, we revisit the issue of environmental change as a potential determinant of international migration, thereby providing an extension of our earlier paper. In contrast to Beine and Parsons ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we revisit the issue of environmental change as a potential determinant of international migration, thereby providing an extension of our earlier paper. In contrast to Beine and Parsons (2015) and in light of recent empirical contributions, we adopt an alternative identification strategy in which we only include fixed effects together with our measures of climatic change in order to quantify the net partial effect of climatic change on bilateral migration. Again drawing on panel data from 1960-2000, we further exploit the dyadic dimension of our data to highlight the importance of neighbouring countries and former colonial powers in determining the direction of climate-induced emigration. Our baseline results suggest that climatic shocks affect individuals’ financial constraints more than their desire to move. Our key findings are that natural disasters tend to deter emigration but importantly spur emigration to neighbouring countries. For middle income origins, natural disasters, while deterring migration, foster emigration to former colonial powers. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning to read and hemispheric specialization for faces
Lochy, Aliette UL; Rossion, Bruno

Scientific Conference (2017)

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See detailThe Promotion of Best Practices in European Civil Procedure: Some Introductory Remarks
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in kramer, xandra (Ed.) From common rules to best practices in European Civil Procedure (2017)

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See detailPCD 2.0? Normative Policy Coherence for Development across Generations
Häbel, Sandra UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

Policy coherence for development (PCD) has developed into an important approach towards development in the international arena. The recent commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) have ... [more ▼]

Policy coherence for development (PCD) has developed into an important approach towards development in the international arena. The recent commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) have simultaneously added a normative dimension to the global development debate. This paper assesses the EU’s commitment to norms by applying normative policy coherence for development (NPCD) to the EU’s policies towards Vietnam. The question of normative commitment across a post-Maastricht and a post-Lisbon time frame is assessed using content analysis of policy documents. The results indicate that the commitment to norms is varied. While the commitment to human rights, sustainable development and gender equality is quite evident, do the norms solidarity, liberty and peace receive show less prominence. Overall, the commitment seems to remain at the policy formulation level but is not represented in short-term implementing programs. [less ▲]

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See detailNormative Policy Coherence for Development and Policy Networks: Enemies or Allies?
Häbel, Sandra UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

In this paper I argue that creating networks between secluded policy communities within the EU strengthens the EU's commitments to norms and consequently enhances normative policy coherence for ... [more ▼]

In this paper I argue that creating networks between secluded policy communities within the EU strengthens the EU's commitments to norms and consequently enhances normative policy coherence for development (NPCD). The data set is comprised of semi-structured elite interviews with EU and member state representatives in Brussels, Belgium, and Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. As such, this paper contributes to the understanding of policy implementation in a narrower sense and, more generally, to the unerstanding of the EU's approach to development. [less ▲]

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See detail(Reguläre Zeitschriftennummer)
Küpper, Achim UL; Ceuppens, Jan; Leuschner, Torsten et al

in Germanistische Mitteilungen. Zeitschrift für deutsche Sprache, Literatur und Kultur (2017), 43(1), 104

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See detail(Reguläre Zeitschriftennummer)
Küpper, Achim UL; Ceuppens, Jan; Leuschner, Torsten et al

in Germanistische Mitteilungen. Zeitschrift für deutsche Sprache, Literatur und Kultur (2017), 43(2), 109-202

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See detailMulti-phase-field modeling of anisotropic crack propagation for polycrystalline materials
Nguyen, Thanh Tung UL; Réthoré, J.; Yvonnet, J. et al

in Computational Mechanics (2017), 60

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See detailLa clause attributive de juridiction
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Thieltgen, Nicolas (Ed.) Le Banquier Luxembourgeois et le droit international privé (2017)

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See detailRequests for Help in a Multilingual Professional Environment Testimonies and Actantial Models
Lejot, Eve UL

in Open Linguistics (2017), 3

Professional multilingual environments using English as a lingua franca are prone to imbalances in communication, linguistic insecurity and rising tension. Non-native English speakers develop avoidance ... [more ▼]

Professional multilingual environments using English as a lingua franca are prone to imbalances in communication, linguistic insecurity and rising tension. Non-native English speakers develop avoidance strategies in order to lessen their apprehension. To overcome these imbalances, this research aims to understand the relationships formed around languages focusing on the dynamics of integration and the requests for help. Guided by the actantial models of Greimas (1966), this qualitative study employs semiolinguistics and discourse analysis, including 19 narrative interviews with employees of Airbus and UNESCO in Hamburg, Germany in 2013. This methodology draws on actors connected through relationships of power and/or collaboration. The actantial models applied seek linguistic input through designational paradigms, shifters and modal occurrences. The actantial models illustrate how a good language competence provides a better understanding of one’s direct as well as passive environment. The learning process is shown to be a conduit to integration. The actantial model and discourse analysis shed light on the complex situation of multilingual communication settings by highlighting the influence of individuals’linguistic skills. As a matter of fact, depending on the role of each individual in a given situation, lending a helping hand sometimes equates to upsetting the balance. [less ▲]

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See detailAdvanced Cooling Methods for High-Speed Electrical Machines
Tüysüz, Arda; Meyer, Francesca; Steichen, Mathis UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications (2017)

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See detailHochbegabt ist, wer der Menschheit nützt.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailBrexit et contentieux international des affaires
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Ho Dac, Marion (Ed.) Le Brexit (2017)

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