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See detailTanz um den weißen Stier. Europa und das Theater der Gegenwart. Zur Einführung in ein weites Feld
Tropper, Elisabeth UL

in Bloch, Natalie; Heimböckel, Dieter; Tropper, Elisabeth (Eds.) Vorstellung Europa - Performing Europe. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Europa im Theater der Gegenwart (2017)

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See detailEffect of Infills on Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Frame structures—A Full-Scale Experimental Study
Cai, Gaochuang UL; Su, Q.W.

in Journal of Earthquake Engineering (2017)

The wall collapse-initiated disaster in infilled reinforced concrete (RC) frame structures has been increasingly concerned by research community recently. This paper studies the seismic performances of a ... [more ▼]

The wall collapse-initiated disaster in infilled reinforced concrete (RC) frame structures has been increasingly concerned by research community recently. This paper studies the seismic performances of a bare RC frame and three RC frames infilled by different lightweight materials in full scale under cyclic loads, including hollow bricks, gypsum blocks, and autoclaved lightweight concrete panels. The main studied performances include lateral resistance capacity, stiffness, wall damage, ductility, and energy dissipation capacity of the frames. Based on the experimental results and literature research, this paper discusses ideal infill materials for RC frame structures and skeleton curve of the frames. [less ▲]

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See detailA Call for Judicial Reform in Egypt
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in ICL Online Journal (2017)

The social contract in Egypt has changed dramatically five times in the past decade. Mubarak made substantial amendments in 2005 and 2007, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) ratified the 2011 ... [more ▼]

The social contract in Egypt has changed dramatically five times in the past decade. Mubarak made substantial amendments in 2005 and 2007, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) ratified the 2011 Constitutional Declaration, the Muslim Brotherhood adopted the 2012 Constitution and, finally, Al-Sisi/Mansur proclaimed the 2014 Constitution. Currently, Egypt faces social, economic, political and legal problems. The Egyptian judiciary plays a vital role in the inability to respond to these problems. This research argues that the call for judicial reform should be revived to face contemporary challenges. These challenges are the result of the absence of serious judicial reform in the past four decades. The 1973 Judicial Authority Law was a result of the social contract presented in the 1971 Constitution. The research lists the reasons for adopting a new judicial authority law. In the first section, the social aspect is embodied in the protection of freedoms, judicial transparency and judicial legitimacy. The second section dealing with economic reasons for reform is divided into two parts. The first deals with Independent Bodies and Regulatory Agencies. The second issue reveals the role of the judiciary in the successive failures of the IBRA. The third section deals with the role of the judiciary in political life. The fourth section presents the legal reasons for judicial reform. [less ▲]

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See detailReplacement Policy for Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes: An Environmental Approach
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in Environmental Claims Journal (2017)

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See detailClash of the Titans: A Comparative Approach to Reform of Judicial Accountability in Egypt
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in Seattle University Law Review (2017), 41

This Article argues for the reform of judicial accountability rules in Egypt. The lack of a real separation of powers and “checks and balances” between the three powers often leads the judiciary to become ... [more ▼]

This Article argues for the reform of judicial accountability rules in Egypt. The lack of a real separation of powers and “checks and balances” between the three powers often leads the judiciary to become a periphery in the executive body, rather than an independent authority that invigilates and monitors any violation of the law. Judges who refuse to comply with executive wishes are often subjected to persecution from the Ministry of Justice and its Judicial Inspection Department, which can reach up to the level of impeachment. The Ministry of Justice uses judicial accountability as a tool of retribution over disobedient and inconsistent judges. Currently, the executive authority monopolizes the judicial accountability process and its outcomes. Reformation towards a transparent democratic judiciary requires major participation by the public in the judicial accountability process. This participation aims not only to exclude the authority of the Ministry of Justice over the judiciary and the judges, but it also aims to increase public participation in a democratic judiciary. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Reform of Judicial Appointment Process in the Ordinary Judiciary in Egypt
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in Middle East Law and Governance (2017)

This article argues for the necessity of the reform of the judicial appointment qualifi- cation, and the judicial appointment powers in Egypt. The article presents judicial ap- pointment process and ... [more ▼]

This article argues for the necessity of the reform of the judicial appointment qualifi- cation, and the judicial appointment powers in Egypt. The article presents judicial ap- pointment process and requirement as the main case study. It illustrates the difference between de facto and de jure in the judicial appointment system in Egypt. These dif- ferences pave the road to a deeper understanding of legal and political aspects of dis- crimination against the poor, woman and political opposition within the appointment process. The article discusses the contemporary challenges in judicial appointment. The challenges can be summarized into: gender inequality, elimination of political mi- norities, and under-privileged citizens. Finally, the article proposes a solution for the problems identified in this article. These solutions are based on reforming the both the judicial appointment qualification, and the judicial appointment powers in Egypt. [less ▲]

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See detailSimplified density indexes of walls and tie-columns for confined masonry buildings in seismic zones
Cai, Gaochuang UL; Su, Q.W; Tsavdaridis, K.D. et al

in Journal of Earthquake Engineering (2017)

This paper discusses and quantifies the minimum requirements of walls and tie-columns in confined masonry (CM) buildings located in earthquake-prone regions. A research database including 238 damaged CM ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses and quantifies the minimum requirements of walls and tie-columns in confined masonry (CM) buildings located in earthquake-prone regions. A research database including 238 damaged CM buildings obtained from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake survey is established and comprehensively examined. The requirements of masonry walls in CM buildings are discussed, and a simplified tie-column density index is proposed for evaluating the potential damage of the structures. Besides, the minimum requirements of reinforced concrete tie-columns and their maximum allowable spacing in CM buildings at different seismic intensity zones are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailVorwort
Bloch, Natalie UL; Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Tropper, Elisabeth UL

in Vorstellung Europa - Performing Europe. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Europa im Theater der Gegenwart (2017)

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See detailDroit des Coopératives OHADA
David, Hiez; Alain, Kenmogne Simo

Book published by Presses Universistaires d'Aix-Marseille (2017)

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See detailEngineering Solutions for Representative Models of the Gastrointestinal Human-Microbe Interface
Mac Giolla Eain, Marc UL; Baginska, Joanna UL; Greenhalgh, Kacy UL et al

in Engineering (2017)

Host-microbe interactions at the gastrointestinal interface have emerged as a key component in the governance of human health and disease. Advances in micro-physiological systems are providing researchers ... [more ▼]

Host-microbe interactions at the gastrointestinal interface have emerged as a key component in the governance of human health and disease. Advances in micro-physiological systems are providing researchers with unprecedented access and insights into this complex relationship. These systems combine the benefits of microengineering, microfluidics, and cell culture in a bid to recreate the environmental conditions prevalent in the human gut. Here we present the human-microbial cross talk (HuMiX) platform, one such system that leverages this multidisciplinary approach to provide a representative in vitro model of the human gastrointestinal interface. HuMiX presents a novel and robust means to study the molecular interactions at the host-microbe interface. We summarize our proof-of-concept results obtained using the platform and highlight its potential to greatly enhance our understanding of host-microbe interactions with a potential to greatly impact the pharmaceutical, food, nutrition, and healthcare industries in the future. A number of key questions and challenges facing these technologies are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailUne autre approche structurale est possible: Sens, expérience, analyse
Tore, Gian Maria UL

in Semiotica (2017), 219

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See detailThe Poetics of the Polis: Remarks on the Latency of the Literary in Hannah Arendt’s Concept of Public Space.
Mein, Georg UL

in Donahue, William C.; Helfer, Martha B. (Eds.) Nexus 3: Essays in German Jewish Studies. (2017)

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See detailDeterioration of Basic Properties of the Materials in FRP-Strengthening RC Structures under Ultraviolet Exposure
Zhao, Jun; Cai, Gaochuang UL; Cui, Lu et al

in Polymers (2017)

This paper presents an experimental study of the basic properties of the main materials found in reinforced concrete (RC) structures strengthened by fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets with scope to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an experimental study of the basic properties of the main materials found in reinforced concrete (RC) structures strengthened by fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets with scope to investigate the effect of ultraviolet (UV) exposure on the degradation of FRP, resin adhesive materials and concrete. The comparison studies focused on the physical change and mechanical properties of FRP sheet, and resin adhesive materials and concrete before and after UV exposure. However, the degradation mechanisms of the materials under UV exposure were not analyzed. The results show that the ultimate tensile strength and modulus of FRP sheets decrease with UV exposure time and the main degradation of FRP-strengthened RC structures is dependent on the degradation of resin adhesive materials. The increase in the number of FRP layers cannot help to reduce the effect of UV exposure on the performance of these materials. However, it was verified that carbon FRP materials have a relatively stable strength and elastic modulus, and the improvement of the compression strength of concrete was also observed after UV exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailAggregate Fluctuations and International Migration
Beine, Michel UL; Bricongne, Jean-Charles; Bourgeon, Pauline

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2017)

Traditional theories of integration such as the optimum currency area approach attribute a prominent role to international labour mobility in coping with relative economic fluctuations between countries ... [more ▼]

Traditional theories of integration such as the optimum currency area approach attribute a prominent role to international labour mobility in coping with relative economic fluctuations between countries. However, recent studies on international migration have overlooked the role of short-run factors such as business cycles or changes in employment rates in explaining international migration flows. This paper aims to fill that gap. We first derive a model of optimal migration choice based on an extension of the traditional Random Utility Model. Our model predicts that an improvement in the economic activity in a potential destination country relative to any origin country may trigger some additional migration flows on top of the impact exerted by long-run factors such as the wage differential or the bilateral distance. Compiling a dataset with annual gross migration flows between most developed countries over the 1980-2010 period, we empirically test the magnitude of the effect of these short-run factors on bilateral flows. Our econometric results indicate that aggregate fluctuations and employment rates affect the intensity of bilateral migration flows. We also provide compelling evidence that the Schengen agreement and the introduction of the euro significantly raised the international mobility of workers between the member countries. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking other worlds possible
Schmid, Benedikt UL

in Local Environment (2017), 22(7), 908-910

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See detailAmbivalent visual representations of Robert the Wise in Occitan illustrated texts
Leglu, Catherine UL

in Italian Studies (2017), 72(2), 192--204

This article examines two Occitan-language manuscripts that depict the lineage of King Robert the Wise, king of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem. Robert was count of Provence and his court was based there in ... [more ▼]

This article examines two Occitan-language manuscripts that depict the lineage of King Robert the Wise, king of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem. Robert was count of Provence and his court was based there in the early 1320s. Both images are from Provence and they are ambivalent in that they focus on Robert's disputed claim over his own throne and the counter-claim made on behalf of his nephew, Charles Robert (Carobert), king of Hungary. One of the two images, from an illustrated world history, has never been studied before. My article engages with research into the patronage of art and of the Franciscan order that is ascribed to Robert's court. [less ▲]

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See detailGiving voice to Samson and Delilah: troubadour and monastic songs of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
Leglu, Catherine UL

in Butterfield, Ardis; Hope, Henry; Souleau, Pauline (Eds.) Performing Medieval Text (2017)

This chapter explores recent theories concerning the performance and transmission of medieval song in vernacular troubadour lyric and Latin monastic traditions, engaging with other chapters in the themed ... [more ▼]

This chapter explores recent theories concerning the performance and transmission of medieval song in vernacular troubadour lyric and Latin monastic traditions, engaging with other chapters in the themed volume. It explores in particular the subjective and emotive first-person voice, in terms of the Psalter, arguing for greater attention to be paid to the imbrication of secular and sacred musical practice. The second part of the chapter focuses on the Latin dramatic song 'Samson, dux fortissime', which is preserved in Germany, Sicily and England, including Harley 978 (Reading Abbey), and has an exclusively monastic manuscript tradition. [less ▲]

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See detailNetwork concentration indices for less-than-truckload transportation
Lange, Anne UL; Delfmann, Werner

in TRANSPORTATION (2017), 44(6), 1475-1497

An efficient and service-oriented transportation network is a necessary resource for successful less-than-truckload operations. The design and evaluation of transportation networks are mainly driven by ... [more ▼]

An efficient and service-oriented transportation network is a necessary resource for successful less-than-truckload operations. The design and evaluation of transportation networks are mainly driven by quantitative particularly cost-oriented measures, such as transport and transshipment costs. This type of measurement, however, simply cannot represent the manifold performance of a transportation network. In particular, incorporating network concentration into network design decisions overcomes the shortcomings of purely cost-oriented decisions because spatial network concentration is at the root of many aspects of network performance (e.g., congestion and network vulnerability). This paper suggests modifications to the network concentration index and the hubbing concentration index from the passenger airline context for less-than-truckload road transportation. The modified indices enable information to be conveyed by network concentration into less-than-truckload network design decisions and provide a suitable perspective to include service-oriented aspects into network design. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust Scheduling: An Empirical Study of Its Impact on Air Traffic Delays
Lonzius, Marc Christopher; Lange, Anne UL

in TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART E-LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORTATION REVIEW (2017), 100

We develop an econometric model to analyze the real-life impact of two robust scheduling approaches, namely limiting hub connectivity and implementing swap opportunities, based on a broad dataset of the U ... [more ▼]

We develop an econometric model to analyze the real-life impact of two robust scheduling approaches, namely limiting hub connectivity and implementing swap opportunities, based on a broad dataset of the U.S. domestic market. Our analysis is from a novel aircraft routing perspective. We confirm a delay-driving effect of direct hub connectivity and a delay-reducing effect of swap opportunities. Indirect hub connectivity provides airlines with another approach to limit delays. We furthermore contrast that the business model of Southwest Airlines cannot leverage the delay-reducing effects resulting from swap opportunities. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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