Results 4261-4280 of 7586.
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFace au passé: la Grande Guerre sur Twitter
Clavert, Frédéric UL

in Le temps des médias. Revue d'histoire. (2018), (31),

Our research about the Great War and its Centenary is based on a massive harvest of tweets. The database thus assembled reveals many temporalities, from the high frequency of the information's circulation ... [more ▼]

Our research about the Great War and its Centenary is based on a massive harvest of tweets. The database thus assembled reveals many temporalities, from the high frequency of the information's circulation that is characteristic of social networks online to the presence of the longue durée. The analysis of this interplay of temporalities leads us to question the consequences of social networks online on the notion of regime of historicity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 261 (15 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is Modernism?
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Millim, Anne-Marie (Ed.) Modernismen in Luxemburg: Traditionen, Variationen, Brüche (2018)

Despite different recent publications investigating global and lesser-known modernisms, Luxembourg remains a blank spot on the map of modernism studies. To some extent, this is surprising. As Gast Mannes ... [more ▼]

Despite different recent publications investigating global and lesser-known modernisms, Luxembourg remains a blank spot on the map of modernism studies. To some extent, this is surprising. As Gast Mannes notes in his seminal work Luxemburgische Avantgarde of 2007, the underrepresentation of Luxembourgish authors and artists in the history of high modernism is not altogether justified, due to the fact that »individual authors, partly due to bilingualism, played a special role in the transfer of ideas between France and Germany«—a fact that is little known, both in Luxembourg and abroad. To a similar extent, Luxembourg’s absence from modernism studies is unsurprising. One significant factor is that, for many years, the Luxembourgish public, cultural institutions, and creators have placed more value on works of international renown than on Luxembourgish art and literature. This article argues that understanding the invention, management, and rejection of traditions in parallel to avant-garde works is important as it valorises literary and artistic production that could be categorised as »juste milieu«, as moderately modernist, as significant, even revolutionary, in its context, even if not necessarily so from an international perspective. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailGesundheit und Wohlbefinden von Kindern und Jugendlichen - Bericht zur HBSC-Befragung luxemburgischer Schülerinnen und Schüler 2014
Heinz, Andreas UL; van Duin, Claire UL; Catunda, Carolina UL et al

Book published by University of Luxembourg (2018)

The following report contains the results of the Luxembourgish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, which was conducted in the year 2014. The HBSC study is a cross-national survey study ... [more ▼]

The following report contains the results of the Luxembourgish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, which was conducted in the year 2014. The HBSC study is a cross-national survey study that collects data every four years in school classes across Europe, Asia and Canada. In Luxembourg, students from primary and secondary schools that teach according to the Luxembourgish curriculum were included in the study. This report contains the data of 7233 students aged 11 to 18 years old. The HBSC study inquires about a wide range of topics, including questions on subjective well-being, nutrition, physical activity, social relationships in- and outside of school, use of addictive substances and sexual behaviour. This report examines these topics mainly with regard to socio-demographic characteristics. With regards to gender, neither boys nor girls are at a clear disadvantage for the researched themes. The position of boys and girls depends on the theme, which means that for certain themes boys are at a disadvantage, whereas for other themes girls are at a disadvantage. Boys indicate higher rates of substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis), higher rates of overweight and they watch more television than girls. However, girls report less physical activity, lower rates of breakfast consumption, more health complaints and lower life satisfaction compared to boys. For almost all the indicators examined, the 11-12-year-olds have the best scores and often the next group (13-14-year-olds) is already performing significantly worse. The only exception in this pattern was found for the variable of bullying: the older the students are, the less often they are victims of bullying. The age 12-13 is therefore considered a critical phase of life from a health perspective. Additionally, the social status of students is of relevance for their health. The large majority of indicators show that the higher the family affluence, the better the results reported by students. Students from the Fondamental are younger, and thus obtain better scores for the majority of indicators than the students from secondary schools. Within secondary schools, better scores are obtained by Secondaire classique students compared to Secondaire technique students. In the international comparison, Luxembourgish students are inconspicuous and often placed in the midfield with average scores. Compared to students in other countries, Luxembourgish students report to do more sports and they report fewer occasions of drunkenness in their life. However, Luxembourg obtained low scores for two indicators: Luxembourgish students have a high number of health complaints (e.g. pain, problems falling asleep, nervousness) and their life satisfaction is relatively low. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (41 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe temps long des réseaux sociaux numériques, une introduction
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Grandjean, Martin; Méadel, Cécile

in Le temps des Médias. Revue d'histoire (2018), 2918/2(31), 6-11

Depuis leur émergence au milieu des années 2000, les réseaux sociaux numériques comme Facebook ou Twitter favorisent et provoquent une accélération de la circulation des informations, les transformant en ... [more ▼]

Depuis leur émergence au milieu des années 2000, les réseaux sociaux numériques comme Facebook ou Twitter favorisent et provoquent une accélération de la circulation des informations, les transformant en médias à part entière. Leurs moyens et leur infrastructure techniques autorisent leurs membres à participer non seulement à la diffusion mais également à la création et à la mise en forme de ces informations. Si la (relative) nouveauté des technologies et infrastructures utilisées par les réseaux sociaux numériques est bien documentée, celle, souvent implicitement considérée comme évidente, des pratiques des utilisateurs/acteurs – réseaux, collectifs ou communautés – de ces services dans les modes d’émergence et de circulation de l’information l’est moins. Ce dossier du Temps des médias souhaite mettre au centre de sa démarche une série de questionnements touchant à l’interaction entre (nouvelles) technologies, rythmes ou formats de l’information et (nouveaux) acteurs. Comment et sous quelles conditions l’émergence de nouvelles technologies ou la transformation de technologies existantes agissent-elles sur les rythmes de l’information et font-elles apparaître de nouveaux acteurs ? Pour répondre à ces questions, et si le cas des réseaux sociaux numériques est considéré comme emblématique de nouveaux modèles de production et de circulation des informations, ce dossier s’appuie sur des approches diachroniques en interrogeant d’autres médias, d’autres technologies, d’autres réseaux, d’autres communautés d’hier et aujourd’hui. Il s’agit ainsi de réintroduire une pluralité de temporalités dans l’étude des réseaux sociaux numériques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 339 (6 UL)
Full Text
See detailGood Business: The Economic Case for Protecting Human Rights
Baglayan, Basak UL; Landau, Ingrid; Mcvey, Marisa et al

Report (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRobust Precoding and Beamforming in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Joroughi, Vahid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Robust Precoding and Beamforming in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System (2018, December)

This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming at a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system. Full frequency reuse pattern is considered among the beams and each gateway serves a ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming at a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system. Full frequency reuse pattern is considered among the beams and each gateway serves a cluster of adjacent beams such that multiple clusters are served through a set of gateways. However, two issues are required to be addressed. First, the interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and employing interference mitigation techniques is essential. Second, as the data demand increases, the ground and space segments should employ extensive bandwidth resources in the feeder link accordingly. This entails embedding an extra number of gateways aiming to support a fair balance between the increasing demand and the corresponding required feeder link resources. To tackle these problems, this paper studies the impact of employing a joint multiple gateway architecture and on-board beamforming scheme. It is shown that by properly designing the on-board beamforming scheme, the number of gateways can be kept affordable even if the data demand increases. The proposed beamforming scheme can partially mitigate the interference in the user link. While the user and feeder link channels vary over time, this paper focuses on designing fixed beamforming which is sufficiently robust to the variations in both channels, leading to keep payload complexity low. Moreover, Zero Forcing precoding technique is employed at the gateways to reject the interference in the feeder links as well as it helps the proposed fixed on-board beamforming by partially equalizing the interference in user link. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 158 (9 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHenri Hellenbrand: un Luxembourgeois anonyme dans les rangs de la Légion étrangère
Sauer, Arnaud UL

in Être d'ailleurs en temps de guerre (1914-1918). Étrangers à Dudelange, Dudelangeois à l'étranger (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTowards place-based exploration of Instagram: Using co-design to develop an interdisciplinary geovisualization prototype
Jones, Catherine UL; Guido, Daniele UL; Severo, Marta

in Journal of Spatial Information Science (2018), 17(Winter),

An abundance of geographic information is hidden within texts and multimedia objects that has the potential to enrich our knowledge about the relationship between people and places. One such example is ... [more ▼]

An abundance of geographic information is hidden within texts and multimedia objects that has the potential to enrich our knowledge about the relationship between people and places. One such example is the geographic information embedded within user-generated content collected and curated by the social media giants. Such geographic data can be encoded either explicitly as geotags or implicitly as geographical references expressed as texts that comprise part of a title or image caption. To use such data for knowledge building there is a need for new mapping interfaces. These interfaces should support both data integration and visualization, and geographical exploration with openended discovery. Based on a user scenario on the Via Francigena (a significant European cultural route), we set out to adapt an existing humanities interface to support social and spatial exploration of how the route is perceived. Our dataset was derived from Instagram. We adopted a thinking by doing approach to co-design an interdisciplinary prototype and discuss the six stages of activity, beginning with the definition of the use case and ending in experimentation with a working technology prototype. Through reflection on the process of tool modification and an in-depth exploration of the data encoding, we were better able to understand the strengths and limitations of the data, the tool, and the underlying workflows. This in-depth knowledge helped us to define a set of requirements for tools and data that will serve as a valuable contribution for those engaged in the design of deep mapping interfaces for place-based research [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (3 UL)
See detailBildungsungleichheiten im luxemburgischen Sekundarschulsystem aus zeitlicher Perspektive
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Backes, Susanne UL

in University of Luxembourg, LUCET; Ministère de l’Éducation nationale, de l’Enfance et de la Jeunesse, SCRIPT (Eds.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2018 (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (20 UL)
Full Text
See detailLes malades chroniques veulent avoir des rapports nouveaux « plus jeunes » avec les professionnels de santé….
Baumann, Michèle UL

Article for general public (2018)

« S’appuyer sur Nos expériences liées à notre maladie, aux soins reçus, c’est faire entendre Notre vécu et reconnaitre Notre savoir à Nous ». L’équipe du Pr Michèle BAUMANN est allée à la rencontre de ... [more ▼]

« S’appuyer sur Nos expériences liées à notre maladie, aux soins reçus, c’est faire entendre Notre vécu et reconnaitre Notre savoir à Nous ». L’équipe du Pr Michèle BAUMANN est allée à la rencontre de personnes (dyalisées, victimes d’un Accident Vasculaire Cérébral, de cancer du sein, de maladies rares, …) pour qu’elles nous parlent des relations qu’elles ont avec les professionnels et les équipes (infirmiers, médecins, spécialistes, etc.). Dans le cadre d’un projet INTERREG (cofinancé FEDER) concernant le Luxembourg, mais aussi les pays frontaliers de la Grande-Région, les membres d’associations ont exprimé leurs attentes sur la façon dont ils souhaiteraient avoir des relations de PARTENAIRES. « S’intéresser à mes questions car pour moi c’est survivre… m’impliquer dans les soins pour que j’apprenne … partager et échanger les informations qui me concernent… et surtout m’investir dans le processus …pour que je me sente partie prenante dans les décisions qui doivent être prises… » sont des demandes d’une époque nouvelle. Les discours de ces personnes en cours d’analyses, avec l’appui d’Angela ODERO doctorante, permettront de comprendre les points forts à discuter pour mettre en œuvre des réseaux de porte-parole, des formations pour les patients et professionnels, etc. Les personnes des associations qui veulent aussi s’exprimer en groupe, doivent nous contacter. Michèle Baumann, professeure en sociologie médicale et santé publique à l’IRSEI, à l’Université du Luxembourg, a été nommée en octobre 2018 par la Commission Européenne, experte indépendante pour le Luxembourg sur les soins de santé de longue durée et membre de l’European Social Policy Network (ESPN). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailIdentifier, contrôler, réprimer. L'impact de 14-18 sur la circulation des personnes
Scuto, Denis UL

in Mutations. Mémoires et Perspectives du Bassin Minier (2018), 10

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (6 UL)
See detail3 Fragen an 4 Luxemburger Theatermacher
Bloch, Natalie UL

Speeches/Talks (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailLes compétences scolaires des enfants au début du cycle 2 de l'école fondamentale au Luxembourg et leur développement après deux ans.
Hoffmann, Danielle UL; Hornung, Caroline UL; Gamo, Sylvie UL et al

Report (2018)

Ce chapitre présente les résultats de trois collectes de données (2014, 2015, 2016) des ÉpStan au cycle 2.1 et présente avec quelles compétences scolaires les élèves débutent leur scolarité au début du ... [more ▼]

Ce chapitre présente les résultats de trois collectes de données (2014, 2015, 2016) des ÉpStan au cycle 2.1 et présente avec quelles compétences scolaires les élèves débutent leur scolarité au début du cycle 2.1 et comment celles-ci évoluent sur deux ans. De manière générale, nos résultats montrent que les compétences disciplinaires du cycle 1 portant sur les trois domaines d’apprentissage observés (« compréhension de l’oral en luxembourgeois », « compréhension de l’écrit» et « mathématiques ») sont acquises. Au début du cycle 2.1, la majorité des élèves atteint le Niveau Avancé dans l’ensemble des trois domaines d’apprentissage considérés. Deux ans plus tard, au cycle 3.1, la répartition des élèves sur les différents niveaux de compétence est plus négative qu’au cycle 2.1 et ceci dans la mesure où moins d’enfants ont atteint le Niveau Socle dans l’ensemble des trois domaines d’apprentissage observés. Nos résultats montrent également que, dès le début de la scolarité, différents facteurs extrascolaires (tels que le statut socio-économique et le contexte linguistique) ont une influence extrêmement forte sur les résultats des épreuves et que cette influence augmente au fil des années. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Giant has woken up: the European Union’s Plans for the Future of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Kafteranis, Dimitrios UL

in Irish Journal for European Law (2018), 21

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (15 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'art pariétal dans l'oeuvre de Jean Rouaud : d'une cosmogonie préhistorique à une métaphysique poétique
Freyermuth, Sylvie UL

in Elseneur (2018), 33

This paper concerns the analysis of the representations of ornamented caves in Jean Rouaud’s work. The study highlights, through strong intertextual relations, the continuum which links the cycles of Jean ... [more ▼]

This paper concerns the analysis of the representations of ornamented caves in Jean Rouaud’s work. The study highlights, through strong intertextual relations, the continuum which links the cycles of Jean Rouaud’s creation through this theme, so that it is necessary to go beyond the fascination developed by the author about the prehistorical cave paintings. Then it’s suitable to question the recurrence of the pattern of the ornamented cave in Jean Rouaud’s texts. This work reveals a poetical thought of the writer about emergence of art in Préhistoires (2007); the pictorial art, hidden in the loins of the earth, replaces the tale. La femme promise (2009) also stages an ornamented cave, but this time, it is to think about humanity evolution concerning the beauty and the good. Last, La splendeur escamotée de frère Cheval ou le secret des grottes ornées (2018) traces the passage from a prehistorical cosmogony to author’s poetical metaphysics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 146 (11 UL)
Full Text
See detailCompétences motrices de base des élèves du fondamental au Luxembourg
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL

in Rapport national sur l'éducation au Luxembourg 2018 (2018)

L'examen systématique des compétences des élèves prend de plus en plus d'impor-tance dans le domaine de l'éducation. Dans le domaine de l'éducation à la motricité, l'approche MOBAK (Motorische ... [more ▼]

L'examen systématique des compétences des élèves prend de plus en plus d'impor-tance dans le domaine de l'éducation. Dans le domaine de l'éducation à la motricité, l'approche MOBAK (Motorische Basiskompetenzen) s'est imposée dans l'évaluation des compétences motrices de base. Les outils de test MOBAK, développés pour la classe de première (cycle 2.1) et la classe de troisième (cycle 3.1) par l'Université du Luxembourg sur mandat du SCRIPT, sont régulièrement utilisés sur une base volontaire au niveau national depuis l'année scolaire 2014/2015. Les résultats de ces enquêtes montrent qu'environ un tiers des élèves du Luxembourg a besoin de soutien dans au moins une compétence motrice. Les filles réussissent moins bien que les garçons, en particu-lier dans le domaine « Manipulation d'un objet ». [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa gouvernance, un enjeu transversal d’Internet au numérique
Musiani, Francesca; Schafer, Valerie UL

in Enjeux numériques (2018), (4),

De la gouvernance d’Internet à celle du Web mais aussi de ses archives, en passant par la gouvernance de Wikipedia, de l’Internet des objets, ou encore, par la neutralité du Net, cette contribution ... [more ▼]

De la gouvernance d’Internet à celle du Web mais aussi de ses archives, en passant par la gouvernance de Wikipedia, de l’Internet des objets, ou encore, par la neutralité du Net, cette contribution témoigne de multiples déclinaisons. Si la gouvernance peut être pensée au pluriel et à plusieurs échelles, de la donnée au « réseau des réseaux », dans cet article, nous montrerons aussi la nuance qu’apporte la notion de « gouvernementalité » pour saisir, en théorie comme en pratique, les manières de faire et d’agir dans les environnements numériques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSearching for Human Rights Norms for Corporate Conduct in Domestic Jurisprudence: A Bottom-Up Approach to International Law
Baglayan, Basak UL

in Nordic Journal of Human Rights (2018)

The application of human rights norms to the behaviour of corporations has challenged legal scholars for a long time. With few notable exceptions, studies dealing with the question have relied on ... [more ▼]

The application of human rights norms to the behaviour of corporations has challenged legal scholars for a long time. With few notable exceptions, studies dealing with the question have relied on interpretations of existing international instruments, not least decisions of human rights treaty bodies. The present article proposes an alternative approach referred to as a ‘bottom-up’ methodology: a pluralist and inductive approach to international law. It focuses on the human rights claims brought by individuals or local communities affected by corporate activity who seek redress through existing complaints mechanisms including domestic courts and the OECD National Contact Points. The assumption is that through their interpretation and application of international norms in their particular national context, these institutions act to clarify the ambit of corporate human rights obligations. The article asks: Which substantive human rights norms do domestic institutions apply to corporations? From which sources do they derive these norms? What is the underlying theory of responsibility? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailComputational Statistics: Lecture notes and presentation slides
Bisdorff, Raymond UL

Learning material (2018)

The objective of this course is to introduce the students to the R language and environment for statistical computing and graphics (a GNU project). In particular, the course proposes effective data ... [more ▼]

The objective of this course is to introduce the students to the R language and environment for statistical computing and graphics (a GNU project). In particular, the course proposes effective data handling and storage solutions as well as useful operators for calculations on arrays, in particular matrices. A selected collection of intermediate tools for data analysis, graphical facilities for data analysis and display either on-screen or on hard copy will be illustrated from examples of statistical analyses. Finally, the course will by the way acquaint the students with a well-developed, simple and effective programming language which includes conditionals, loops, user-defined recursive functions and input and output facilities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 140 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLiterary Histories, National Literatures, and Early Conceptions of World Literature in the Athenaeum, 1833-1838.
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Yearbook of English Studies (2018), 48

The reign of William IV represents a period concerned with questions of national identity, not only in a national context, but also in a global one. Periodicals of the time, such as the Athenaeum, present ... [more ▼]

The reign of William IV represents a period concerned with questions of national identity, not only in a national context, but also in a global one. Periodicals of the time, such as the Athenaeum, present the co-existence of two related, but inherently opposite conceptions of literature and its functions: Goethe’s idea of Weltliteratur is contemporaneous to developments in the formation and consolidation of national literatures, which can be observed to co-exist even in the early nineteenth-century. World literature, as imagined by Goethe in the 1930s, represents a way of circumventing the inward-looking attitude of nationalism, and of prioritising fluidity and flexibility over stability. National literature, as practiced widely during the nineteenth century, represents a way of grounding national genius in literary texts, either by scrutinising only the works of authors of a specific nationality, or by comparing them in a transnational, intercultural perspective. This article investigates two series of articles published almost concurrently in the Athenaeum: ‘A Biographical and Critical History of the Literature of the last Fifty Years’, by Allan Cunningham in 1833, and ‘Literature of the Nineteenth Century’, by diverse authors between 1834 and 1838. This article highlights the co-existence between different authorial focalisations in historicising and historiographing literature, demonstrating the malleability, undecidability, and arbitrariness of dominant models of national literary identities. I argue that during the 1830s, the Athenaeum’s outlook is decidedly cosmopolitan and international as the contributors engage with European literature equally often as they do with British texts. They are also eager to stretch the readers’ awareness beyond the European context, embracing the wealth of ideas, styles, and perspectives as culturally enriching, but not exotic, erudition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)