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See detailRegions and the parliamentarisation of EU governance: is the Early Warning System the solution?
Högenauer, Anna-Lena UL

in Abels, Gabriele; Battke, Jan (Eds.) Regional Governance in the EU: Regions and the Future of Europe (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (2 UL)
See detailCrescendo - 175 ans Maîtrise Sainte-Cécile de la Cathédrale
Duhr, Marlène UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

An exhibition about the foundation and history of the Choir of the Cathedral of Our Lady in Luxembourg

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See detailCommentary on the UCITS Directive
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Nast, Dominik

in Lehmann, atthias; Kumpan, Christoph (Eds.) European Financial Services Law (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 156 (5 UL)
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See detailGuilt by Association: How Scientific Misconduct Harms Prior Collaborators
Hussinger, Katrin UL; Pellens, Maikel

in Research Policy (2019)

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See detailGeschlossene Jugendhilfeeinrichtungen. Empirische Ergebnisse aus der Perspektive betroffener Jugendlicher
Lunz, Marei UL

in Österreichisches Jahrbuch für Soziale Arbeit (2019), (7-8), 77-99

In this article, different ways in which young adults process the contexts of secure welfare facilities will be relationally reconstructed by examining the reciprocally interwoven nature of the discourse ... [more ▼]

In this article, different ways in which young adults process the contexts of secure welfare facilities will be relationally reconstructed by examining the reciprocally interwoven nature of the discourse, institutions and individuals via qualitative interviews with the young people concerned. The findings show that young people process their lives in secure institutions through practices of distancing themselves from the discourse, institution and their peers, through retrospective legitimation and through constructing and projecting themselves into an alternative “outside” in contrast to the “inside” of the institution. The insights gained from these findings can be seen as a foundation for further discussion on pedagogical and human rights issues regarding secure institutions. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh involvement versus pathological involvement in video games: A crucial distinction for ensuring the validity and utility of gaming disorder
Billieux, Joël UL; Flayelle, Maèva UL; Rumpf, Hans-Jürgen et al

in Current Addiction Reports (2019), 6(3), 323-330

Purpose of review. The year 2018 was marked by the official recognition of Gaming Disorder (GD) as a mental condition with its inclusion in the proposed eleventh edition of the International ... [more ▼]

Purpose of review. The year 2018 was marked by the official recognition of Gaming Disorder (GD) as a mental condition with its inclusion in the proposed eleventh edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Recently, a group of scholars has repeatedly criticized the notion of GD proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO), arguing that its inclusion in ICD-11 will pathologize highly involved but healthy gamers. It is therefore of crucial importance to clarify the characteristics of high involvement versus pathological involvement in video games, the boundaries between these constructs, and the implementation of screening and diagnostic GD tools that distinguish the two. Recent findings. Increasing evidence supports the view that intense video game playing may involve patterns of gaming that are characterized by high involvement but that are non-pathological. Furthermore, some criteria for addictive and related disorders may reflect peripheral features that are not necessarily indicative of pathology, whereas others may reflect core features that are more likely to adequately identify pathological behavior and so have diagnostic validity. Finally, it is key to assess functional impairment associated with gaming, so that a GD diagnosis has clinical utility. Summary. Available evidence supports the crucial need to distinguish between high and pathological involvement in videogames, in order to avoid over-diagnosis and pathologization of normal behavior. The definition of GD adopted in ICD-11 has clinical utility and diagnostic validity since it explicitly mentions the functional impairment caused by problem gaming and its diagnostic guidelines refer to core addiction features, reflecting pathological involvement. [less ▲]

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See detailA Specialized Method to Resolve Fine 3D Features of Astrocytes in Nonhuman Primate (Marmoset, Callithrix jacchus) and Human Fixed Brain Samples.
Quesseveur, Gael; Fouquier d'Hérouël, Aymeric UL; Murai, Keith K. et al

in Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) (2019), 1938

Astrocytes are among the most numerous cells in the brain and fulfill diverse functions in homeostasis and regulation of neuronal activity. Astrocytes also dramatically change their properties in response ... [more ▼]

Astrocytes are among the most numerous cells in the brain and fulfill diverse functions in homeostasis and regulation of neuronal activity. Astrocytes also dramatically change their properties in response to brain injury or disease, a process called reactive gliosis. Precisely how astrocytes contribute to healthy brain function and play differential roles in brain pathology and regeneration remain important areas of investigation. To better understand the properties of astrocytes, more sophisticated approaches for probing their rich and complex anatomical and molecular features are needed to fully determine their contribution to brain physiology. Here we present an efficient and straightforward immunolabeling protocol to obtain high-resolution fluorescence-based images from fixed nonhuman primate (common marmoset Callithrix jacchus) and human brain samples. Importantly, the protocol is useful for obtaining images from samples that have been stored in fixative solutions (such as formalin) for years. This approach is especially useful for three-dimensional, multichannel confocal microscopy and can be optimized for super-resolution techniques such as stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy. We also present a strategy for using specific combinations of markers to define the phenotypic variations and cellular/subcellular properties of astrocytes to better predict the function of these cells on their surrounding brain microenvironment. [less ▲]

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See detailAsphalion: Trustworthy Shielding Against Byzantine Faults
Vukotic, Ivana UL; Rahli, Vincent UL; Verissimo, Paulo UL

in Vukotic, Ivana; Rahli, Vincent; Verissimo, Paulo (Eds.) Asphalion: Trustworthy Shielding Against Byzantine Faults (2019)

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See detailGefahr oder Risiko. Zur Geschichte von Kalkül und Einbildungskraft.
Mein, Georg UL; Christians, Heiko

Book published by Fink (2019)

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See detailComputational Arithmetic of Modular Forms
Wiese, Gabor UL

in Buyukasik, Engin; Inam, Ilker (Eds.) Notes from the International Autumn School on Computational Number Theory: Izmir Institute of Technology 2017 (2019)

These course notes are about computing modular forms and some of their arithmetic properties. Their aim is to explain and prove the modular symbols algorithm in as elementary and as explicit terms as ... [more ▼]

These course notes are about computing modular forms and some of their arithmetic properties. Their aim is to explain and prove the modular symbols algorithm in as elementary and as explicit terms as possible, and to enable the devoted student to implement it over any ring (such that a sufficient linear algebra theory is available in the chosen computer algebra system). The chosen approach is based on group cohomology and along the way the needed tools from homological algebra are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological Challenges in the Study of Behavioral Addictions: a Call for High Standard Methodologies
Rumpf, Hans-Jürgen; Brandt, Dominique; Demetrovics, Zsolt et al

in Current Addiction Reports (2019), 6(3), 331-337

Purpose of Review The 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) categorizes gambling disorder in the section on substance-related and addictive disorders, and the ... [more ▼]

Purpose of Review The 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) categorizes gambling disorder in the section on substance-related and addictive disorders, and the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) includes both gambling and gaming disorder as disorders due to addictive behaviors. However, there is less evidence for other putative behavioral addictions. This review focuses on requirements for epidemiological studies of disorders that may be considered as behavioral addictions and compares the current state of research with principles of sound epidemiological research. Recent Findings In studies of behavioral addictions, samples are often quite small, which may lead to increased random error. The lack of sound assessment tools—particularly the lack of agreed-upon diagnostic criteria and standardized diagnostic interviews—may also increase systematic error. Other concerns related to systematic bias include the use of convenience samples, lack of pro-active recruitment, inadequate assessment of confounding variables, and a dearth of representative and longitudinal studies. Summary This review recommends that future studies of putative behavioral addictions should more closely adhere to methodological standards of epidemiological research to reduce random and systematic error. Specific recommendations are detailed to advance epidemiological research in this area with the aim of improving the evidence base and generating more refined public health recommendations and policies. [less ▲]

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See detailDisrupted Fear and Sadness Recognition in Binge Drinking: A Combined Group and Individual Analysis
Lannoy, Severine; Benzerouk, Farid; Maurage, Pierre et al

in Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research (2019), 43(9), 1978-1985

BACKGROUND: Binge drinking is a harmful pattern of alcohol consumption, associated with cognitive and cerebral impairments. Indeed, various cognitive processes have been identified as disrupted in binge ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Binge drinking is a harmful pattern of alcohol consumption, associated with cognitive and cerebral impairments. Indeed, various cognitive processes have been identified as disrupted in binge drinking, ranging from perceptive to executive functions, but emotional processes have conversely been little investigated. Particularly, it is unclear to what extent binge drinkers (BD) present difficulties to recognize and categorize the emotions expressed by other individuals. Such an exploration would, however, offer a more comprehensive view of the deficits associated with alcohol-related disorders and potentially involved in the maintenance of this harmful habit. METHODS: Fifty-two BD and 42 control participants performed an emotional task assessing the ability to recognize 6 basic emotions (i.e., anger, contempt, disgust, fear, happiness, and sadness). Accuracy score and detection threshold were collected for each emotion. To explore the extent of emotion recognition difficulties, 2 analyses were conducted: (i) classical repeated measures analyses of variance, to compare groups' performance, and (ii) multiple single-case analyses (i.e., Crawford's t-tests), to determine the percentage of BD presenting genuine emotion recognition deficits. Correlations were also performed between alcohol consumption characteristics and emotional recognition scores. RESULTS: BD presented reduced performance for the recognition of fear and sadness. Multiple single cases highlighted that these deficits respectively concerned 21.15 and 15.38% of the binge drinking sample, and the relation between binge drinking and reduced sadness detection was supported by correlational analyses. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that binge drinking is associated with a disrupted processing of emotional stimuli. By identifying heterogeneity in the impairments presented by BD, the present results also underline the usefulness of a combined group and individual approach. [less ▲]

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See detailHaben die 'neuen Medien' die Öffentlichkeit zerstört? : Ein Versuch zur Differenzierung
Kohns, Oliver UL

Article for general public (2019)

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See detailWhat Happens When Archives and Research Are Transferred into the Physical Space of a Museum: La forge d'une société moderne and Other Stories
Priem, Karin UL

in Hägele, Ulrich; Ziehe, Irene (Eds.) Populäre Präsentationen. Fotografie und Film als Medien musealer Aneignungsprozesse (2019)

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See detailIntroduction
Priem, Karin UL; Herman, Frederik

in Priem, Karin; Herman, Frederik (Eds.) Fabricating Modern Societies: Education, Bodies and Minds in the Age of Steel (2019)

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See detailExtensional Higher-Order Paramodulation in Leo-III
Steen, Alexander UL; Benzmüller, Christoph UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 UL)
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See detailThe Right to an Effective Remedy and to a Fair Trial - Article 47 of the Charter and the Member States
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Peers, Steve; Harvey, Tamara; Ward, Angela (Eds.) The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2019)

The following analysis of the right to an effective remedy with respect to the Member States analyses the right to effective remedies in its constitutional context (a), before turning to the concept of ... [more ▼]

The following analysis of the right to an effective remedy with respect to the Member States analyses the right to effective remedies in its constitutional context (a), before turning to the concept of the rights and freedoms under Union law as the ‘ius’ protected by the right to an effective remedy enshrining the latin maxime of ubi ius, ibi remedium into EU law (b). The commentary then turns to the questions of the diverse dimensions of the scope of protection offered under the right to an effective judicial remedy (c), as well as the possible limitations of the right (d). The chapter ends by evoking some open questions and requirements for future developments (f). [less ▲]

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See detailA KLM Perspective on Defeasible Reasoning for Description Logics
Britz, Katarina; Casini, Giovanni UL; Meyer, Thomas et al

in Turhan, Anni-Yasmin; Wolter, Frank; Lutz, Carsten (Eds.) et al Description Logic, Theory Combination, and All That - Essays Dedicated to Franz Baader on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday (2019)

In this paper we present an approach to defeasible reasoning for the description logic ALC. The results discussed here are based on work done by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor (KLM) on defeasible conditionals ... [more ▼]

In this paper we present an approach to defeasible reasoning for the description logic ALC. The results discussed here are based on work done by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor (KLM) on defeasible conditionals in the propositional case. We consider versions of a preferential semantics for two forms of defeasible subsumption, and link these semantic constructions formally to KLM-style syntactic properties via representation results. In addition to showing that the semantics is appropriate, these results pave the way for more effective decision procedures for defeasible reasoning in description logics. With the semantics of the defeasible version of ALC in place, we turn to the investigation of an appropriate form of defeasible entailment for this enriched version of ALC. This investigation includes an algorithm for the computation of a form of defeasible entailment known as rational closure in the propositional case. Importantly, the algorithm relies completely on classical entailment checks and shows that the computational complexity of reasoning over defeasible ontologies is no worse than that of the underlying classical ALC. Before concluding, we take a brief tour of some existing work on defeasible extensions of ALC that go beyond defeasible subsumption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (3 UL)
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See detailThe Breuer-Major Theorem in total variation: improved rates under minimal regularity
Nourdin, Ivan UL; Nualart, David; Peccati, Giovanni UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (2 UL)