Results 21-40 of 10983.     Test Selection for Deep Learning SystemsMa, Wei ; Papadakis, Mike ; Tsakmalis, Anestis et alin ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 212 (18 UL) L’autobiographie dans la littérature de l’immigration italienne du Luxembourg et de la Grande RégionCicotti, Claudio in Cicotti, Claudio (Ed.) La volonté d s'écrire (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 124 (4 UL) La volonté de s'écrire. Les auteurs d’origine italienne du Luxembourg et de la Grande Région se racontentCicotti, Claudio Book published by Lang (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 76 (2 UL) Do banks and microfinance institutions compete? Microevidence from MadagascarLeon, Florian ; Baraton, Pierrickin Economic Development and Cultural Change (in press)This paper examines whether the loan strategy of a microfinance institution is shaped by the entry of a bank. Specifically, we investigate whether the distance between a borrower of a microfinance ... [more ▼]This paper examines whether the loan strategy of a microfinance institution is shaped by the entry of a bank. Specifically, we investigate whether the distance between a borrower of a microfinance institution and the closest bank influences loan conditions provided by the microfinance institution. We use an original panel dataset of 32,374 loans granted to 14,834 borrowers provided by one of the largest microfinance institutions in Madagascar between 2008 and 2014. We find that the closer a bank is located to a given MFI borrower, the larger the loan obtained and the less collateral required. We also find that the effect is stronger for clients that could be more easily caught by banks (i.e., large firms and clients without a previous relationship with the MFI). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 105 (1 UL) Gleanings from applications for the graph-based exploration of cultural heritage collectionsDuring, Marten in Kerschbaumer, Florian; Keyserlingk, Linda Von; Stark, Martin (Eds.) et al The Power of Networks. Prospects of Historical Network Research (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 73 (10 UL) Book review: Bessey, Valérie et Werner Paravicini: Guerre des manifestes : Charles le Téméraire et ses ennemis (1465-1475)Genot, Gilles in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 55 (4 UL) Innovation Search Strategy and Predictable ReturnsFitzgerald, Tristan; Balsmeier, Benjamin ; Fleming, Lee et alin Management Science (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 219 (12 UL) The legacy of coal mining – a view on examples in Belgium and FranceHelfer, Malte in Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum (Ed.) Boom – Crisis – Heritage. King Coal and Energy Revolutions after 1945; proceedings of the international conference March 14th-16th 2018, Technische Hochschule Georg Agricola, Bochum (in press)Following the end of coalmining in Belgium (1992) and France (2004), the year 2018 marks the end of hard coal mining in Germany as well. This contribution looks at the legacy of coalmining of Germany’s ... [more ▼]Following the end of coalmining in Belgium (1992) and France (2004), the year 2018 marks the end of hard coal mining in Germany as well. This contribution looks at the legacy of coalmining of Germany’s French-speaking neighbours and presents the most important remaining coal mining heritage sites as well as some extraordinary converted sites in France and the Belgian province Wallonia. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 115 (1 UL) Invariance in a class of operations related to weighted quasi-geometric meansDevillet, Jimmy ; Matkowski, Januszin Fuzzy Sets and Systems (in press)Let $I\subset (0,\infty )$ be an interval that is closed with respect to the multiplication. The operations $C_{f,g}\colon I^{2}\rightarrow I$ of the form \begin{equation*} C_{f,g}\left( x,y\right) =\left ... [more ▼]Let $I\subset (0,\infty )$ be an interval that is closed with respect to the multiplication. The operations $C_{f,g}\colon I^{2}\rightarrow I$ of the form \begin{equation*} C_{f,g}\left( x,y\right) =\left( f\circ g\right) ^{-1}\left( f\left( x\right) \cdot g\left( y\right) \right) \text{,} \end{equation*} where $f,g$ are bijections of $I$ are considered. Their connections with generalized weighted quasi-geometric means is presented. It is shown that invariance\ question within the class of this operations leads to means of iterative type and to a problem on a composite functional equation. An application of the invariance identity to determine effectively the limit of the sequence of iterates of some generalized quasi-geometric mean-type mapping, and the form of all continuous functions which are invariant with respect to this mapping are given. The equality of two considered operations is also discussed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 71 (5 UL) The mod 2 cohomology rings of congruence subgroups in the Bianchi groupsBerkove, Ethan; Lakeland, Grant; Rahm, Alexander E-print/Working paper (in press)We provide new tools for the calculation of the torsion in the cohomology of congruence subgroups in the Bianchi groups : An algorithm for finding particularly useful fundamental domains, and an analysis ... [more ▼]We provide new tools for the calculation of the torsion in the cohomology of congruence subgroups in the Bianchi groups : An algorithm for finding particularly useful fundamental domains, and an analysis of the equivariant spectral sequence combined with torsion subcomplex reduction. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 256 (17 UL) Corruption and tax compliance: evidence from small retailers in Bamako, MaliBertinelli, Luisito ; Bourgain, Arnaud ; Leon, Florian in Applied Economics Letters (in press)We investigate the impact of corruption on tax compliance using a sample of 700 small business in Bamako, Mali. The main contribution of this paper is to focus on micro-enterprises (including semi-formal ... [more ▼]We investigate the impact of corruption on tax compliance using a sample of 700 small business in Bamako, Mali. The main contribution of this paper is to focus on micro-enterprises (including semi-formal and informal ones), while existing works concentrate on large and formal firms. Our results show that (i) even very small firms pay taxes (two-thirds of firms pay taxes in our sample); and, (ii) paying bribes reduces significantly tax compliance. This latter finding is robust (i) to the addition of a set of control variables accounting for other determinants, (ii) to treatment for endogeneity, and (iii) the use of a different proxy for tax compliance. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 143 (2 UL) A Bayesian framework to identify random parameter fields based on the copula theorem and Gaussian fields: Application to polycrystalline materialsRappel, Hussein ; Wu, Ling; Noels, Ludovic et alin Journal of Applied Mechanics (in press)For many models of solids, we frequently assume that the material parameters do not vary in space, nor that they vary from one product realization to another. If the length scale of the application ... [more ▼]For many models of solids, we frequently assume that the material parameters do not vary in space, nor that they vary from one product realization to another. If the length scale of the application approaches the length scale of the micro-structure however, spatially fluctuating parameter fi elds (which vary from one realization of the fi eld to another) can be incorporated to make the model capture the stochasticity of the underlying micro-structure. Randomly fluctuating parameter fields are often described as Gaussian fields. Gaussian fi elds however assume that the probability density function of a material parameter at a given location is a univariate Gaussian distribution. This entails for instance that negative parameter values can be realized, whereas most material parameters have physical bounds (e.g. the Young's modulus cannot be negative). In this contribution, randomly fluctuating parameter fi elds are therefore described using the copula theorem and Gaussian fi elds, which allow di fferent types of univariate marginal distributions to be incorporated, but with the same correlation structure as Gaussian fields. It is convenient to keep the Gaussian correlation structure, as it allows us to draw samples from Gaussian fi elds and transform them into the new random fields. The bene fit of this approach is that any type of univariate marginal distribution can be incorporated. If the selected univariate marginal distribution has bounds, unphysical material parameter values will never be realized. We then use Bayesian inference to identify the distribution parameters (which govern the random fi eld). Bayesian inference regards the parameters that are to be identi fied as random variables and requires a user-defi ned prior distribution of the parameters to which the observations are inferred. For the homogenized Young's modulus of a columnar polycrystalline material of interest in this study, the results show that with a relatively wide prior (i.e. a prior distribution without strong assumptions), a single specimen is su ciffient to accurately recover the distribution parameter values. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 129 (7 UL) High-performance modeling of concrete ageingHabera, Michal ; Zilian, Andreas in Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (in press)Long-term behaviour of concrete structural elements is very important for evaluation of its health and serviceability range. The phenomena that must be considered are complex and lead to coupled ... [more ▼]Long-term behaviour of concrete structural elements is very important for evaluation of its health and serviceability range. The phenomena that must be considered are complex and lead to coupled multiphysics formulations. Such formulations are difficult not only from physical perspective, but also from computational perspective. In this contribution attention to computational efficiency and effective implementation is payed. Presented model for concrete ageing is based on microprestress-solidification (MPS) theory of Bazant [1], Kunzel’s model for heat and moisture transport [2] and Mazars model for damage [3]. Ageing linear viscoelastic response, which is immanent to MPS theory and concrete creep, leads to ordinary differetial equation for internal variables solved for every quadrature/nodal point. Numerical structure of the finite element discretisation is examined. Few simplifications on physical model lead to a very efficient linear algebra problem for which standard preconditioned Krylov solvers are reviewed. In parallel, weak and strong scaling tests are performed. All results are produced within open-source finite element framework FEniCS [4]. These models are usually a basis for more involved thermo-hygro-chemo-mechanical (THCM) models with migrating chemical species. It is anticipated, that presented results will help practitioners or other structural engineerers with the choice of suitable and efficient methods for long-term concrete modeling. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 199 (27 UL) La Charte dans l'action extérieure de l'Union européenneNeframi, Eleftheria in Iliopoulou Penot, Anastasia; Xenou, Lamprini (Eds.) La Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'UE (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 92 (5 UL) Digital Twins Are Not Monozygotic -- Cross-Replicating ADAS Testing in Two Industry-Grade Automotive SimulatorsBorg, Markus; Ben Abdessalem (helali), Raja ; Nejati, Shiva et alin 2021 IEEE 14th International Conference on Software Testing, Validation and Verification (ICST) (in press)The increasing levels of software- and data-intensive driving automation call for an evolution of automotive software testing. As a recommended practice of the Verification and Validation (V&V) process of ... [more ▼]The increasing levels of software- and data-intensive driving automation call for an evolution of automotive software testing. As a recommended practice of the Verification and Validation (V&V) process of ISO/PAS 21448, a candidate standard for safety of the intended functionality for road vehicles, simulation-based testing has the potential to reduce both risks and costs. There is a growing body of research on devising test automation techniques using simulators for Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS). However, how similar are the results if the same test scenarios are executed in different simulators? We conduct a replication study of applying a Search-Based Software Testing (SBST) solution to a real-world ADAS (PeVi, a pedestrian vision detection system) using two different commercial simulators, namely, TASS/Siemens PreScan and ESI Pro-SiVIC. Based on a minimalistic scene, we compare critical test scenarios generated using our SBST solution in these two simulators. We show that SBST can be used to effectively and efficiently generate critical test scenarios in both simulators, and the test results obtained from the two simulators can reveal several weaknesses of the ADAS under test. However, executing the same test scenarios in the two simulators leads to notable differences in the details of the test outputs, in particular, related to (1) safety violations revealed by tests, and (2) dynamics of cars and pedestrians. Based on our findings, we recommend future V&V plans to include multiple simulators to support robust simulation-based testing and to base test objectives on measures that are less dependant on the internals of the simulators. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (6 UL) The Origins and Contemporary Development of Work-based Higher Education in Germany: Lessons for Anglophone Countries?Graf, Lukas; Powell, Justin J W in Wheelehan, Leesa; Bathmaker, Ann-Marie; Orr, Kevin (Eds.) et al Higher-level Vocational Education: The Route to High Skills and Productivity as well as Greater Equity? An International Comparative Analysis (in press)Today, higher education is typically seen as offering the most assured pathways to secure careers and low unemployment rates. Yet, increasingly some groups, not least higher education graduates and their ... [more ▼]Today, higher education is typically seen as offering the most assured pathways to secure careers and low unemployment rates. Yet, increasingly some groups, not least higher education graduates and their families paying ever-higher tuition fees, question the taken-for-granted contributions higher education makes to individuals and society as a whole. Despite decades of mass higher education expansion, even societies with strong systems continue to struggle to achieve their goal of universalizing participation and equalizing access. While in part this is due to limited public or corporate funding for (affordable) study opportunities, differentiated systems, such as in the US, also lack policy coordination and effective governance, providing a surfeit of options. While participation rates have climbed worldwide, higher education systems continue to produce winners (“insiders”) and losers (“outsiders”), even as the “schooled society” shifts the occupational structure upward. Market-oriented higher education systems face increasing privatization, which also involves financializing university governance. Many states have retrenched investments that had once underwritten universities’ flourishing and their moves toward massification. Tensions have deepened over who should pay for rising costs, exacerbated in an era of increasing status competition via higher education. In the face of such challenges globally, which alternatives exist? A prominent possibility, pioneered in Germany in the 1970s, are “dual study” programs offered by several organizational forms, from vocational academies to universities of applied sciences. Such hybrid programs fully integrate phases of higher education study and paid work in firms. Another potential advantage of apprenticeship training being offered in conjunction with higher education is that this would boost the reputation of apprenticeships overall. The German experience indicates that the attractiveness of the apprenticeship training system as a whole can be bolstered when it offers a viable pathway also for those individuals with a traditional university entrance certificate. If these students seriously consider and choose advanced work-based higher education, this may well increase the standing of apprenticeship training among students, their families, and employers. Thus, dual study programs provide an innovative model for policymaking and implementation. Especially when considering strategies to improve skill formation overall, to reduce the costs individuals must bear in attaining higher education, and to improve the fit between the expectations of employers and potential employees regarding skill formation, dual study programs excel. The origins and contemporary developments in work-based higher education in Germany offer lessons and inspiration for Anglophone countries, with their strong and differentiated higher education systems, to further bolster study programs coordinated with firms. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 214 (10 UL) The induced metric on the boundary of the convex hull of a quasicircle in hyperbolic and anti de Sitter geometryBonsante, Francesco; Danciger, Jeff; Maloni, Sara et alin Geometry and Topology (in press)Celebrated work of Alexandrov and Pogorelov determines exactly which metrics on the sphere are induced on the boundary of a compact convex subset of hyperbolic three-space. As a step toward a ... [more ▼]Celebrated work of Alexandrov and Pogorelov determines exactly which metrics on the sphere are induced on the boundary of a compact convex subset of hyperbolic three-space. As a step toward a generalization for unbounded convex subsets, we consider convex regions of hyperbolic three-space bounded by two properly embedded disks which meet at infinity along a Jordan curve in the ideal boundary. In this setting, it is natural to augment the notion of induced metric on the boundary of the convex set to include a gluing map at infinity which records how the asymptotic geometry of the two surfaces compares near points of the limiting Jordan curve. Restricting further to the case in which the induced metrics on the two bounding surfaces have constant curvature Kâˆˆ[âˆ’1,0) and the Jordan curve at infinity is a quasicircle, the gluing map is naturally a quasisymmetric homeomorphism of the circle. The main result is that for each value of K, every quasisymmetric map is achieved as the gluing map at infinity along some quasicircle. We also prove analogous results in the setting of three-dimensional anti de Sitter geometry. Our results may be viewed as universal versions of the conjectures of Thurston and Mess about prescribing the induced metric on the boundary of the convex core of quasifuchsian hyperbolic manifolds and globally hyperbolic anti de Sitter spacetimes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 66 (3 UL) Local times and sample path properties of the Rosenblatt processKerchev, George ; Nourdin, Ivan ; Saksman, Eero et alin Stochastic Processes and Their Applications (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 50 (5 UL) Limit theorems for integral functionals of Hermite-driven processesGarino, Valentin ; Nourdin, Ivan ; Nualart, David et alin Bernoulli (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 59 (9 UL) Carrier collaboration with endogenous networks: Or, the limits of what carrier collaboration can achieve under antitrust immunityMantin, Binyamin ; Czerny, Achim; Jost, Peter et alin Journal of Air Transport Management (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)