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See detailNegative Automatic Evaluation and Better Recognition of Bodily Symptom Words in College Students with Elevated Health Anxiety
Schmidt, Erika; Witthoeft, Michael; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL et al

in Cognitive Therapy and Research (2013), 37(5), 1027-1040

This study explored whether better recognition of symptom words is associated with stronger negative automatic evaluations of these words. We compared participants with health anxiety (HA; N = 27) to ... [more ▼]

This study explored whether better recognition of symptom words is associated with stronger negative automatic evaluations of these words. We compared participants with health anxiety (HA; N = 27) to dysphoric (N = 29) and to non-health-anxious and non-dysphoric control participants (N = 28) in the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and in a word recognition task using health-threat-related, negative emotional, and neutral control words. Participants with HA made significantly more mistakes on the IAT than both other groups, in pairing the evaluation "harmless" with specific "symptoms" (p = .02, eta(2) = .10). Additionally, recognition performance was positively related to the IAT evaluation bias. The findings suggest that persons with HA automatically interpret symptoms as being more dangerous than the others saw them. This evaluation bias might explain the facilitation of access to symptom information in working memory that underlies cognitive biases observed in HA. [less ▲]

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See detailInternalization of Age Stereotypes Into the Self-Concept via Future Self-Views: A General Model and Domain-Specific Differences
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2012), 27(1), 164-172

We investigated a pathway through which age stereotypes (AS) become internalized into the self. Domain-specific AS, as well as future self-views (FS) and current self-views (CS), were assessed in a sample ... [more ▼]

We investigated a pathway through which age stereotypes (AS) become internalized into the self. Domain-specific AS, as well as future self-views (FS) and current self-views (CS), were assessed in a sample of middle-aged and older adults. AS were positively related to CS and this effect was mediated via FS. These relations were stronger for older persons, indicating that the internalization process depends on a self-categorization as being old. A comparison of life domains revealed that an age-dependent internalization of AS emerged mainly for those domains in which age-related changes are expected to occur during later phases of life. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Vielfältigkeit und Relevanz von Altersstereotypen.
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in In Mind : the Inquisitive Mind, Social Psychology for You (2011)

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See detailDimensionen und Deutungsmuster des Alterns: Vorstellungen vom Altern, Altsein und der Lebensgestaltung im Alter.
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GERONTOLOGIE UND GERIATRIE (2011), 44(5), 291-296

Attitudes about older people and being old develop in the early and middle phases of life and influence the subsequent aging process. Because aging processes vary across different domains of life and ... [more ▼]

Attitudes about older people and being old develop in the early and middle phases of life and influence the subsequent aging process. Because aging processes vary across different domains of life and functioning, one cannot assume unanimously negative or positive attitudes towards old age and aging. Thus, in the psychological part of the project Zones of Transition ("Zonen des Ubergangs"), age stereotypes and views of the self in old age were assessed in different life domains and for different age groups, and their relation to wellbeing and the self-concept was investigated. The project also focused on the analysis of attitudes towards one's personal way of living in old age. A questionnaire was developed that assesses those attitudes on the basis of the dimensions "active commitment" and "pleasure and leisure". Our results support a multidimensional conception of attitudes towards aging and way of living in old age as well as of their influence on development across the lifespan. [less ▲]

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See detailContexts of Aging: Assessing Evaluative Age Stereotypes in Different Life Domains
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (2011), 66(5), 547-556

Objectives. Research on age stereotypes suggests that views of older persons are complex and multidimensional. We investigated the positivity or negativity of age stereotypes with respect to different ... [more ▼]

Objectives. Research on age stereotypes suggests that views of older persons are complex and multidimensional. We investigated the positivity or negativity of age stereotypes with respect to different life domains. Method. A newly developed questionnaire assessing domain-specific age stereotypes was administered to a large sample of adults covering a wide age range. Results. Our findings confirm the existence of independent domain-specific age stereotypes, providing evidence for a multifaceted and complex view of old age and aging. "Old persons" were evaluated differently in the various life domains, and age thresholds for ascriptions of being old differed between domains. Furthermore, the positivity of domain-specific age stereotypes of a person predicted individual life satisfaction for the respective life domain. The strength of the relationship between age stereotypes and life satisfaction increased with participants' age. Discussion. Our results indicate the existence of domain-specific age stereotypes that become internalized into older persons' self-views. [less ▲]

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See detailThe moderating role of working memory load on affective attentional processes in health anxiety
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Witthoeft, Michael; Rist, Fred et al

in ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KLINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE (2009), 38(3), 194-202

Background: Cognitive-behavioral models of health anxiety propose selective attention as an important factor in the development and maintenance of the disorder. However, experimental evidence for this ... [more ▼]

Background: Cognitive-behavioral models of health anxiety propose selective attention as an important factor in the development and maintenance of the disorder. However, experimental evidence for this assumption is equivocal. It is possible that subjects with sub-threshold health anxiety are able to control attention to threat stimuli (cognitive compensation hypothesis). Simultaneous working memory load (WML) may be a factor restricting this control and increasing the attentional bias. Objectives: The aim of the current study was to investigate the cognitive compensation hypothesis for health anxiety in a student analog sample. Method: An emotional Stroop task (EST) with symptom and illness words was administered to students with elevated HA (N = 27), elevated depression (DY; N = 29), and controls (CG; N = 28). Compared to the standard condition, WML was increased by simultaneous rehearsing of a number. Results: A stronger attentional bias toward symptom words for the health anxious participants compared to the other two groups was only apparent in the no WML condition at the beginning of the experiment. Contrary to our assumptions, this group difference disappeared in the high WML condition. Conclusions: There was no experimental evidence for the cognitive compensation hypothesis in this study. WML might reduce the threat potential of symptom words for health anxious participants. This moderating role of WML in the context of affective attentional processes is in line with recent findings in emotion research. [less ▲]

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