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See detailAudiovisual work- Interview with Fabrizio Saccomanni, Rome 19 April 2016 (Lenght 02:59:58)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL; Saccomanni, Fabrizio

in Collection "Oral History of European Integration" (2017)

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Fabrizio Saccomanni, Head of the Foreign Department at the Bank of Italy from 1984 to 1997 and Managing Director for ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Fabrizio Saccomanni, Head of the Foreign Department at the Bank of Italy from 1984 to 1997 and Managing Director for International Affairs at the Bank of Italy from 1997 to 2003, Vice President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) from 2003 to 2006, a Member of the Governing Board and Senior Deputy Governor of the Bank of Italy from 2006 to 2013 and Italian Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance from 2013 to 2014, carried out by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE) on 19 April 2016 at the Bank of Italy in Rome. The interview was conducted by Dr Elena Danescu, a Researcher at the CVCE, and particularly focuses on the following subjects: the role of the Bank of Italy in the development of Economic and Monetary Union, the Delors Committee and the Delors Report, the introduction of the euro in Italy and the euro zone crises. [less ▲]

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See detailPierre Werner and Luxembourg: a Vision of Europe
Danescu, Elena UL

Presentation (2016, December 12)

One of the major research projects currently under way is dedicated to the European vocation and achievements of Pierre Werner, a former Prime Minister, Finance Minister and Foreign Minister of Luxembourg ... [more ▼]

One of the major research projects currently under way is dedicated to the European vocation and achievements of Pierre Werner, a former Prime Minister, Finance Minister and Foreign Minister of Luxembourg, unanimously recognised as one of the architects of Economic and Monetary Union. The first stage of the research project particularly focuses on the plan for the establishment by stages of an economic and monetary union (more widely known as the Werner Report or the Werner Plan), drawn up by a group of experts chaired by Pierre Werner and officially presented on 8 October 1970 in Luxembourg. The project will then concentrate on the events that subsequently led to Economic and Monetary Union, as seen through the eyes of Pierre Werner and from the perspective of his own contribution; it will also examine a number of issues in which the former Luxembourg Prime Minister was particularly involved, such as the question of the seats of the institutions, the Luxembourg Compromise, the accession of the United Kingdom, and cooperation between the Benelux countries and the Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU). Project Manager: Dr Elena Danescu (elena.danescu@uni.lu) [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg, a Country Survey
Danescu, Elena UL

in Hartley, Cathy (Ed.) WESTERN EUROPE 2017 (2016)

With a long tradition of political stability and social democracy, a creative development model, skilled human capital and a culture of consensus, Luxembourg is at the forefront of Europe. Its main ... [more ▼]

With a long tradition of political stability and social democracy, a creative development model, skilled human capital and a culture of consensus, Luxembourg is at the forefront of Europe. Its main strategic challenge is how to achieve economic diversification while maintaining the sustainability of the Luxembourg social model. The country has embarked on the "third industrial revolution", with innovation as the main driver of sustainable growth and the University of Luxembourg as a major player. [less ▲]

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See detailPierre Werner, A visionary European and Consensus Builder
Danescu, Elena UL

in Dyson, Kenneth; Maes, Ivo (Eds.) Architects of the Euro . Intellectuals in the making of European Monetary Union (2016)

As prime minister and finance minister of Luxembourg over 30 years, Pierre Werner played a major role in the building of a united Europe. This Christian Democratic intellectual and committed federalist ... [more ▼]

As prime minister and finance minister of Luxembourg over 30 years, Pierre Werner played a major role in the building of a united Europe. This Christian Democratic intellectual and committed federalist gained strong reputation as a consensus-builder between larger powers (Germany and France) and between diametrically opposed positions (‘economists’ and ‘monetarists’), as well as for his ideas on monetary integration. From early 1950s, Werner advocates a European monetary system based on a currency unit and on a clearing house for central banks. In 1968 he delivered a clear roadmap to EMU founded on a symmetrical economic and monetary union, with political union as the ultimate goal. Werner’s vital input and the ‘effective parallelism’ principle he imagined, were evident in the Werner Report of 1970, which was offered as the blueprint for EMU in the EU. Based on the Werner family archives and original interviews, this chapter highlights Werner’s contribution as architect of EMU in a threefold way: intellectual input, negotiation methods and consensus building. [less ▲]

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See detailLa construction européenne dans les années 1970: Pierre Werner et le couple franco-allemand.
Danescu, Elena UL

Scientific Conference (2016, August 15)

Quel regard jettent les autres Etats européens sur 50 ans de coopération franco-allemande (traité de l'Elysée de 1963) ? Ne sont-ils pas les mieux placés pour jauger de l'intensité de leurs relations, de ... [more ▼]

Quel regard jettent les autres Etats européens sur 50 ans de coopération franco-allemande (traité de l'Elysée de 1963) ? Ne sont-ils pas les mieux placés pour jauger de l'intensité de leurs relations, de leurs dysfonctionnements, de leurs apports aux relations interétatiques et de la construction européenne ? Les autres Etats sont un excellent miroir pour la relation franco-allemande et nous apprennent autant sur la coopération entre les deux riverains du Rhin qu'une investigation centrée sur le seul tandem franco-allemand. [less ▲]

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See detailUne vie pour l'idéal européen
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2016)

Pierre Werner (29 décembre 1913 – 24 juin 2002) fut une personnalité aux multiples talents qui a traversé le XXe siècle. Ministre d’État, Premier Ministre et ministre des Finances pendant de longues ... [more ▼]

Pierre Werner (29 décembre 1913 – 24 juin 2002) fut une personnalité aux multiples talents qui a traversé le XXe siècle. Ministre d’État, Premier Ministre et ministre des Finances pendant de longues dé¬cennies, cet intellectuel chrétien et démocrate résolu fut l’un des rares hommes d’État à avoir pris part à l’unification européenne depuis l’après-guerre jusqu’au milieu des années 1980. Il fait de l’intégration européenne l’axe central de la politique luxembourgeoise. Sur le plan intérieur, il joue un rôle majeur dans la modernisation de la société. Le dénouement de la crise sidérurgique, la promotion du Luxembourg au rang de place financière internationale, le développement du secteur audiovisuel à travers le projet des satellites, la culture de la concertation sociale font partie des initiatives. [less ▲]

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See detailA new reading of primary sources via the digital analysis of social networks. ‘The Werner Committee and the debates on European economic and monetary integration’
Danescu, Elena UL; Heimbach, Henriette; During, Marten UL et al

Scientific Conference (2016, June 10)

This pilot project was carried out in connection with the CVCE’s strategy of combining humanities and social sciences research with digital tools and publishing the results via its digital research ... [more ▼]

This pilot project was carried out in connection with the CVCE’s strategy of combining humanities and social sciences research with digital tools and publishing the results via its digital research infrastructure on European integration, CVCE.eu. Methods borrowed from social network analysis and qualitative data analysis were applied to a specific section of the digital publication on the 1970 Werner Report, a publication which was compiled on the basis of the ‘traditional’ exploration and interpretation of a vast number of previously unpublished primary sources. 2 The aim of the analysis was to summarise and visualise the negotiations within the Werner Committee so as to shed new light on the historical facts. By using this innovative technique we were able to demonstrate links, affinities and oppositions among the members of the committee, identify the influence of individual Member States in the ongoing dispute between ‘economists’ and ‘monetarists’ which characterised the debates on EMU, and highlight contributions to the political consensus on the Werner Report. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Luxembourg et l’intégration européenne 1945-2016
Gabellini, Marco UL; Danescu, Elena UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le Luxembourg abandonne sa politique de neutralité et se lance dans une politique de coopération internationale dans les domaines économique et militaire (OECE et pacte ... [more ▼]

Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le Luxembourg abandonne sa politique de neutralité et se lance dans une politique de coopération internationale dans les domaines économique et militaire (OECE et pacte de Bruxelles en 1948, OTAN en 1949). Déjà en septembre 1944, les gouvernements en exil du Luxembourg, de la Belgique et des Pays-Bas avaient signé à Londres une convention douanière instituant le Benelux. Le Grand-Duché prend également part aux premiers projets d’intégration européenne. Ainsi, il signe le 5 mai 1949 le statut du Conseil de l’Europe par lequel les États membres s’engagent, dans le cadre d’une organisation de coopération politique, à préserver les principes de la démocratie et du respect des droits de l’homme. Puis, le 9 mai 1950, Robert Schuman, ministre français des Affaires étrangères, d’origine luxembourgeoise, propose la mise en commun des ressources de charbon et d'acier de la France et de l’Allemagne dans une organisation ouverte aux autres pays d'Europe. La création d’une Communauté européenne du charbon et de l’acier (CECA) donne le vrai coup d’envoi à l'intégration européenne. Pour la première fois, des États souverains envisagent de transférer l’exercice d’une part de leurs compétences à une organisation supranationale. Le 18 avril 1951, le Luxembourg signe avec la Belgique, la France, l'Italie, les Pays-Bas et la République fédérale d'Allemagne le traité instituant la CECA et confirme son engagement sur la voie de l'intégration européenne. Le traité entre en vigueur le 23 juillet 1952. Dans la nuit du 24 au 25 juillet 1952, après d'interminables négociations diplomatiques à Paris sur le choix du siège de la CECA, Joseph Bech propose la ville de Luxembourg comme lieu d'installation provisoire de la nouvelle organisation. La capitale du Grand-Duché devient ainsi le siège provisoire de la Haute-Autorité, du Comité consultatif et de la Cour de justice de la CECA. Les réunions du Conseil spécial de ministres y ont également lieu. Et même si les séances de l’Assemblée se tiennent à Strasbourg, un embryon d'administration parlementaire est, de même, constitué au Luxembourg. Suite à l’échec de la Communauté européenne de défense (CED) et à l’abandon du projet d’une Communauté politique européenne (CPE) en 1954, la Communauté traverse une crise grave. Pour relancer l’intégration européenne, les Six se mettent d’accord pour créer un Marché commun, s'inspirant notamment du mémorandum Benelux de mai 1955. C'est finalement le 25 mars 1957, que les traités de Rome instituant une Communauté économique européenne (CEE) et une Communauté européenne d’énergie atomique (CEEA ou Euratom) sont signés. La question du siège des institutions européennes est cependant loin d’être réglée. En 1965, la signature du traité de fusion des exécutifs des trois Communautés (CECA, CEE et CEEA), entraîne le regroupement de la plupart des services du Conseil et de la Commission à Bruxelles. Le Luxembourg perd le siège de la Haute Autorité de la CECA, mais s’assure en contrepartie de la présence des institutions judiciaires et financières européennes dans sa capitale. À plusieurs reprises, la question du siège donnera encore lieu à de vives discussions politiques. Aujourd'hui, les institutions européennes suivantes sont établies à Luxembourg: la Cour de justice et le Tribunal de première instance, la Cour des comptes européenne et la Banque européenne d'investissement. Par ailleurs, le Secrétariat général du Parlement européen et ses services, de même que quelques services de la Commission y sont installés. Pendant les mois d'avril, de juin et d'octobre, le Conseil tient également ses sessions à Luxembourg. Fin 2012, le pays devient le siège du Mécanisme européen de stabilité (MES), une organisation intergouvernementale dépendante de l'Union européenne. Tout au long du processus d'intégration européenne, le Luxembourg a été le lieu de plusieurs actions politiques décisives pour le développement de l’Europe. En 1966, le «compromis de Luxembourg» permet de mettre fin à la crise de la chaise vide. Quatre ans plus tard l’élaboration, par le groupe d’experts présidé par Pierre Werner, du «plan Werner» constitue le premier pas vers l’Union économique et monétaire européenne (UEM). En 1985 les pays du Benelux, la France et l’Allemagne signent l’accord de Schengen (du nom de la petite bourgade luxembourgeoise à la convergence des frontières du Grand-Duché, de la France et de l’Allemagne) qui supprime graduellement les contrôles aux frontières communes. Le Luxembourg est en outre le pays qui a fourni à l’Europe le contingent de hauts responsables le plus important en proportion de sa taille. [less ▲]

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See detailAudiovisual work- Interview with Michel Camdessus, Paris 8 october 2015 (Lenght 01:31:36)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL; Camdessus, Michel

in Collection "Oral History of European Integration" (2016)

Interview de Michel Camdessus, directeur du Trésor en France de 1982 à 1984, gouverneur de la Banque de France de 1984 à 1987 et directeur général du Fonds monétaire international (FMI) de 1987 à 2000 ... [more ▼]

Interview de Michel Camdessus, directeur du Trésor en France de 1982 à 1984, gouverneur de la Banque de France de 1984 à 1987 et directeur général du Fonds monétaire international (FMI) de 1987 à 2000, réalisée par le Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) dans le cadre du projet de recherche "Pierre Werner et l'Europe" le 8 octobre 2015 à Paris. Conduit par Dr Elena Danescu, chercheur au CVCE, l'entretien porte particulièrement sur les sujets suivants: le Trésor français et la construction européenne, la Banque de France et l’Union économique et monétaire, la politique du FMI suite à la chute du mur de Berlin et face aux crises financières mondiales et l’évolution du système monétaire international. [less ▲]

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See detailAudiovisual work Part 2- Interview with Viviane Reding, Sanem 11 September 2015 (Lenght 01:56:43)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL; Reding, Viviane

in Collection "Oral History of European Integration" (2016)

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Viviane Reding, Member of the Luxembourg Parliament from 1979 to 1989, Member of the European Parliament from 1989 to ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Viviane Reding, Member of the Luxembourg Parliament from 1979 to 1989, Member of the European Parliament from 1989 to 1999 and since 2014, Member of the European Commission from 1999 to 2010 and Vice-President of the Commission from 2010 to 2014, carried out by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE) on 11 September 2015 at the Château de Sanem. The interview was conducted by Dr Elena Danescu, a Researcher at the CVCE, and particularly focuses on the following subjects: the circumstances surrounding the establishment of the Prodi Commission (1999) and her action as European Commissioner in the fields of education and culture (1999–2004), youth and sport (1999–2004), the information society and media (2004–2010) and justice, fundamental rights and citizenship (2010–2014). [less ▲]

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See detailAudiovisual work Part 3- Interview with Viviane Reding, Sanem 4 December 2015 (Lenght 02:06:08)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL; Reding, Viviane

in Collection "Oral History of European Integration" (2016)

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Viviane Reding, a Member of the Luxembourg Parliament from 1979 to 1989, a Member of the European Parliament from 1989 ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Viviane Reding, a Member of the Luxembourg Parliament from 1979 to 1989, a Member of the European Parliament from 1989 to 1999 and since 2014, a Member of the European Commission from 1999 to 2010 and Vice-President of the Commission from 2010 to 2014, carried out by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE) on 4 December 2015 at the Château de Sanem. The interview was conducted by Dr Elena Danescu, a Researcher at the CVCE, and particularly focuses on the following subjects: the digital and knowledge economy, the development of the European Commission, enlargement, identity, borders and the future of the European Union. [less ▲]

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See detailAudiovisual work - Interview with Baron Bernard Snoy et d'Oppuers, Ophain, 23 October 2015 (Length: 03:06:30)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL; Baron Snoy et d'Oppuers, Bernard

in Collection "Oral History of European Integration" (2016)

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Bernard Snoy et d’Oppuers, an official at the World Bank from 1974 to 1979 and from 1980 to 1986, Economic Adviser at ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the research project "Pierre Werner and Europe", interview with Bernard Snoy et d’Oppuers, an official at the World Bank from 1974 to 1979 and from 1980 to 1986, Economic Adviser at the Commission of the European Communities in the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs from 1986 to 1988, Executive Director of the World Bank from 1991 to 1994, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) from 1994 to 2002 and Chairman of Robert Triffin International since 2008, carried out by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE) on 23 October 2015 at his home, the Château de Bois-Seigneur-Isaac, in Ophain, Belgium. The interview was conducted by Dr Elena Danescu, a Researcher at the CVCE, and particularly focuses on the following subjects: the personality and work of his father Jean-Charles Snoy et d’Oppuers, the World Bank in the 1970s and 1980s, the composition and work of the Delors Committee, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Belgium and the Maastricht Treaty negotiations, the transition to democracy of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Working Table on ‘Economic reconstruction, development and cooperation’ within the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailPierre Werner: l'homme et son oeuvre
Danescu, Elena UL

in Danescu, Elena; Muñoz, Susana (Eds.) Pierre Werner, une vision pour l'Europe: pensée, action, enseignements (2015)

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See detailPierre Werner: accounts of a European vocation’
Danescu, Elena UL

in The Journal of European Economic History. Quarterly review. (2015), 3(2015),

In the second half of 2015, Luxembourg will hold the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the 12th time. This country, which lies between France and Germany, has taken on the role ... [more ▼]

In the second half of 2015, Luxembourg will hold the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the 12th time. This country, which lies between France and Germany, has taken on the role of mediator between larger powers and has simultaneously succeeded in defending its vital interests. After the Second World War, its politicians made European integration a key plank of their policy. Since the time of Joseph Bech, from Pierre Werner and Gaston Thorn to Jacques Santer and Jean-Claude Juncker more recently, Luxembourg has proved itself to be a master in the art of political consensus and a rich source of ‘men of providence’ who have been able to find a way out of Europe’s successive impasses. [less ▲]

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See detailPierre Werner: l'homme et son oeuvre
Danescu, Elena UL

in Danescu, Elena; Muñoz, Susana (Eds.) Pierre Werner et l’Europe: pensée, action, enseignements/ Pierre Werner and Europe: His Approach, Action and Legacy, Actes du colloque international (Luxembourg, 27-28 décembre 2013) (2015, September 15)

This publication provides a record of the international conference organised by the CVCE and its partners — the Pierre Werner Foundation, Robert Triffin International, the European Commission ... [more ▼]

This publication provides a record of the international conference organised by the CVCE and its partners — the Pierre Werner Foundation, Robert Triffin International, the European Commission Representation in Luxembourg and the University of Luxembourg — and held on 27 and 28 November 2013 to mark the centenary of the birth of Pierre Werner. The conference was an opportunity for some 30 researchers from different horizons (historians, economists, legal experts and political scientists), together with major players in economic and monetary affairs, to speak about the personality and achievements of this Luxembourg statesman, analyse his European vision and offer an international perspective on the relevance of his approach in light of the challenges facing us in the 21st century. The proceedings of the conference are accompanied by forewords from Professor Kenneth Dyson, a member of the British Academy, and Jean-Claude Trichet, former President of the European Central Bank, as well as transcriptions of the opening lecture by Hans Tietmeyer, former President of the Bundesbank and a member of the Werner Committee, and the closing lecture by Philippe Maystadt, Belgian Minister of State and former President of the European Investment Bank. Several of the papers offer new insights based on the authors’ exploration of the Werner family archives, to which the CVCE has been given privileged access during the ‘Pierre Werner and Europe’ research project. The aim of these proceedings is to offer a series of observations and conclusions that encourage further interdisciplinary analysis of Economic and Monetary Union from a long-term perspective and invite readers to find out more about the European integration process through the vision and actions of one of its instigators. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Luxembourgeois qui ont fait l'Europe
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2015)

Les Luxembourgeois qui ont fait l’Europe Du 1er juillet au 31 décembre 2015, le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg est appelé à exercer pour la 12ème fois la Présidence tournante du Conseil de l’Union européenne ... [more ▼]

Les Luxembourgeois qui ont fait l’Europe Du 1er juillet au 31 décembre 2015, le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg est appelé à exercer pour la 12ème fois la Présidence tournante du Conseil de l’Union européenne. La présidence de 2015 est la première qui se déroule sous les auspices du traité de Lisbonne qui a donné de nouvelles compétences à l’Union et créé un nouvel équilibre institutionnel. Cet événement est l’occasion de jeter un regard historique sur des moments marquants de la construction européenne et de mettre en lumière, à travers les ressources de l’infrastructure de recherche du Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe, le rôle du Luxembourg et de ses personnalités dans ce processus. [less ▲]

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See detailThinking and Shaping the architecture of EMU
Danescu, Elena UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

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See detailPierre Werner: An Architect of the Euro
Danescu, Elena UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (0 UL)