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See detailOn the significance of Luxembourg National Day
Danescu, Elena UL; Kmec, Sonja UL; Da Silva, Joana

Speeches/Talks (2020)

Luxembourg has celebrated its sovereign’s birthday since the 18th century. When Grand Duchess Charlotte (23 January 1896–9 July 1985) ascended the throne in 1919, the date for these birthday celebrations ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg has celebrated its sovereign’s birthday since the 18th century. When Grand Duchess Charlotte (23 January 1896–9 July 1985) ascended the throne in 1919, the date for these birthday celebrations became 23 January, and this date was declared a national holiday in 1947. But on 23 December 1961, a Grand Ducal Decree set the date of 23 June as Luxembourg’s National Day, when the country would officially celebrate the monarch’s birthday. National Day has continued to be celebrated on 23 June during the successive reigns of Grand Duke Jean (1964-2000), born on 5 January, and Grand Duke Henri (since 2000), born on 16 April. National Day is one of the symbols of the monarchy, together with the coat of arms and the anthem of the Grand Ducal House. [less ▲]

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See detailRechtsstaat unter Druck?
Danescu, Elena UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

Mit der Zahl der Infizierten in Europa stieg in den letzten Monaten auch die Zahl der Grundrechte, die für eine gewisse Zeit nicht mehr galten. Die in den Verfassungen verbrieften Freiheitsrechte stehen ... [more ▼]

Mit der Zahl der Infizierten in Europa stieg in den letzten Monaten auch die Zahl der Grundrechte, die für eine gewisse Zeit nicht mehr galten. Die in den Verfassungen verbrieften Freiheitsrechte stehen den Schutzmaßnahmen gegenüber, die Leben schützen sollen. Ein solcher Eingriff in die Grundrechte und Grundsätze des Rechtsstaates birgt Gefahren. Wie verhält ein demokratischer Rechtsstaat sich angesichts solcher Krisen angemessen? Wie gelingt die richtige Balance zwischen Freiheitsrechten der Bürgerinnen und Bürger und den Schutzmaßnahmen um die Pandemie einzudämmen? Wie die Situation auf nationaler und europäischer Ebene gehandhabt wurde und in Zukunft werden sollte, wird bei diesem 9. EU-Talk besprochen.In dieser EU-Talkrunde wurden der demokratische Rechtsstaat und die Grundrechte der Bürgerinnen und Bürger in Zeiten von Corona thematisiert. Diese Online-Konferenz entstand in Zusammenarbeit mit der Europa-Union Luxemburg, dem Parlement Européen Bureau de liaison au Luxembourg und dem EDIC University of Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailAux origines de l’espace européen sans frontières
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2020)

Prévues par le traité de Rome (1957) dans le cadre du marché intérieur, les quatre libertés de circulation (des personnes, des marchandises, des capitaux et paiements, ainsi que des services) sont au ... [more ▼]

Prévues par le traité de Rome (1957) dans le cadre du marché intérieur, les quatre libertés de circulation (des personnes, des marchandises, des capitaux et paiements, ainsi que des services) sont au coeur du projet européen. Le principe de la libre circulation des personnes, qui compte parmi les droits de l’homme, prend une autre dimension lorsque cinq États membres de la Communauté européenne – le Luxembourg, la Belgique, les Pays-Bas, la France et l’Allemagne – concluent, le 14 juin 1985, l’Accord de Schengen, qui allait préfigurer la citoyenneté européenne et mener vers un espace unique de sécurité et de justice. Trente-cinq ans après, un rappel historique s’impose. [less ▲]

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See detailThe origins of the Schengen Area - historical scrutiny
Danescu, Elena UL; Goebbels, Robert; Kneip, Martina et al

Speeches/Talks (2020)

The Schengen Area is one of the pillars of the European project. But it has been affected by several difficulties: the serious consequences of the global economic and financial crisis (2008-2018), growing ... [more ▼]

The Schengen Area is one of the pillars of the European project. But it has been affected by several difficulties: the serious consequences of the global economic and financial crisis (2008-2018), growing concerns over external migratory pressure and the question of enlargement, fears of social dumping and, since March 2020, the COVID-19 crisis. Identifying these obstacles is vital so that pragmatic solutions can be found without jeopardising the founding principle. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailLe rapport Werner en suspens. Les débats autour de l'Union économique et monétaire en 1973
Danescu, Elena UL

in Wilkens, Andreas (Ed.) Une année particulière: 1973 et les tourments de l'Europe (2020)

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See detailAux origines de l’Union économique et monétaires : comment l’euro a-t il été fabriqué ?
Danescu, Elena UL

Speeches/Talks (2020)

Dans le cadre du projet d’éducation citoyenne que l’EDIC développe avec la filière européenne du Lënster Lycée, l’EDIC avait préparé, le 13 mai 2020,une « Journée d’études » accueillie par les classes ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre du projet d’éducation citoyenne que l’EDIC développe avec la filière européenne du Lënster Lycée, l’EDIC avait préparé, le 13 mai 2020,une « Journée d’études » accueillie par les classes terminales du lycée. On avait préparé deux ateliers pédagogiques (exposé, QR et débats) consacrés à l’histoire de la construction européenne, autour des thèmes « Le rôle du Luxembourg en Europe après la Seconde Guerre mondiale » et, respectivement « Aux origines de l’Union économique et monétaires : comment l’euro a été fabriqué ? ». En raison du confinement lié au Coronavirus (Covid-19), la journée d'études a été reportée pour mai 2021. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne
Danescu, Elena UL; da Silva, Joana UL; Backes, Yuriko et al

in Danescu, Elena; da Silva, Joana; Europe Direct Information Centre de l'Université du Luxembourg, (Eds.) et al De la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne (2020)

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent ... [more ▼]

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent, ainsi que des liens de Robert Schuman avec le Luxembourg et du rôle du Grand-Duché dans la construction européenne. Une section distincte est consacrée à la Maison de Robert Schuman située à Clausen sur laquelle l'Université du Luxembourg veille depuis 2016, le Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH). Une chronologie retrace les étapes-clé du proessus de la construction européenne. [less ▲]

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See detail"Un texte qui a changé le monde"
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2020)

L’Union européenne plonge ses racines dans la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1939-1945), le conflit le plus meurtrier de l’histoire de l’humanité. Alors que l’Europe tente de se reconstruire, des tensions ... [more ▼]

L’Union européenne plonge ses racines dans la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1939-1945), le conflit le plus meurtrier de l’histoire de l’humanité. Alors que l’Europe tente de se reconstruire, des tensions politiques fracturent le continent entre l’Est et l’Ouest et la guerre froide naissante fait resurgir le spectre d’une nouvelle confrontation. Mais comment forger une paix durable entre les adversaires d’hier ? Le problème principal réside dans la relation entre la France et l'Allemagne, ennemies héréditaires, qui se sont fait par trois fois la guerre (1870, 1914 et 1939). Le chemin de la paix passe par la réconciliation de ces deux puissances antagonistes pour ensuite pouvoir rassembler toutes les nations libres d'Europe afin de bâtir ensemble une « communauté de destin ». C’est la vision que partagent deux personnalités françaises aux rôles complémentaires — Jean Monnet (1888-1979), commissaire général du Plan, et Robert Schuman (1886-1963), ministre des Affaires étrangères [less ▲]

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See detailLa signification historique de la Déclaration de Robert Schuman (9 mai 1950)
Danescu, Elena UL; Deschamps, Étienne; Da Silva, Joana

Speeches/Talks (2020)

Le 9 mai 1950, Robert Schuman (1886-1963), ministre français des Affaires étrangères, propose la création de la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l’acier (CECA), jetant ainsi les bases d’une Europe ... [more ▼]

Le 9 mai 1950, Robert Schuman (1886-1963), ministre français des Affaires étrangères, propose la création de la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l’acier (CECA), jetant ainsi les bases d’une Europe unie, fondée sur la liberté, la démocratie et le partage. S’en suivent sept décennies durant lesquels le projet européen progresse de 6 à 27 membres et évolue au gré des succès et des crises, en apportant au continent la plus longue période de paix dans son histoire. Cette date mémorable est consacrée en 1985 comme « Journée de l’Europe » et devient, ensemble avec le drapeau, la monnaie, la devise et l’hymne européens, l’un des symboles de l’Union européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailVarieties of Democracy (V-DEM) Report "Autocratization Surges - Resistance Grows" (2020)
Danescu, Elena UL

Report (2020)

Main findings 2020. Autocratization – the decline of democratic traits – accelerates in the world: for the first time since 2001, autocracies are in the majority: 92 countries – home to 54% of the global ... [more ▼]

Main findings 2020. Autocratization – the decline of democratic traits – accelerates in the world: for the first time since 2001, autocracies are in the majority: 92 countries – home to 54% of the global population. Almost 35% of the world’s population live in autocratizing nations – 2.6 billion people. EU has its first non-democracy as a member: Hungary is now classed as an electoral authoritarian regime. Major G20 nations and all regions of the world are part of the “third wave of autocratization”: autocratization is affecting Brazil, India, the United States of America, and Turkey, which are major economies with sizeable populations, exercising substantial global military, economic, and political influence. Latin America is back to a level last recorded in the early 1990s while Eastern Europe and Central Asia are at post-Soviet Union lows. India is on the verge of losing its status as a democracy due to the severely shrinking of space for the media, civil society, and the opposition under Prime Minister Modi’s government. Pro-democracy resistance grows from 27% in 2009 to 44% in 2019 amidst the autocratization surge. During 2019, citizens in 29 democracies mobilized against autocratization, such as in Bolivia, Poland, and Malawi. Citizens staged mass protests in 34 autocracies, among them Algeria, Hong Kong, and Sudan. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxing intangible assets: issues and challenges for a digital Europe
Danescu, Elena UL

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020)

Value creation is increasingly based on knowledge and intangible assets. This trend has gained momentum with the development of the service sector, the rise in competition as a result of globalisation and ... [more ▼]

Value creation is increasingly based on knowledge and intangible assets. This trend has gained momentum with the development of the service sector, the rise in competition as a result of globalisation and deregulation, and the impact of the digital revolution.Innovation has proven to be a key factor in economic growth. In the aftermath of the global crisis; public authorities, states, European organisations (the EU and the Council of Europe) and transnational and international bodies (UN, OECD, WTO, IMF) have a major role to play in regulating the multi-dimensional potential of global growth and defending against the problems inherent in these new, unavoidable processes.The EU sees the Digital Single Market (DSM) and the capital markets union as two priority aspects in the completion of the European Single Market (ESM). To cite this article: Elena Danescu (2020): Taxing intangible assets: issues and challenges for a digital Europe, Internet Histories, DOI: 10.1080/24701475.2020.1749806 [less ▲]

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See detailViviane Reding on her action in the field of the information society and media (2004-2010)
Danescu, Elena UL

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020)

The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project ... [more ▼]

The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project. Drawing on more than 40 years’ experience in politics, Viviane Reding spoke about her career, the role of Luxembourg and Luxembourgers in the European integration process, and various key events in which she played a part. In these extracts, she discusses her role as a member of the first and second Barroso Commissions (2004-2009 and 2010-2014) and her efforts to help build an information and knowledge society in Europe, one that serves citizens and protects their rights and fundamental freedoms. Her achievements in this respect include capping mobile phone roaming charges (they were subsequently abolished in 2017), advocating for the introduction of a single emergency number (112) in all EU countries, launching the Europeana digital library, and spearheading a programme to use technological innovation for climate and energy solutions. She also describes the process of developing a Digital Agenda for Europe to improve the continent’s digital competitiveness compared with the United States, China and Japan – a complex and challenging task given the context of globalisation and the divergent interests of the various stakeholders (research, industry, consumers, etc.). Finally, she mentions the reform of personal data protection that she initiated (leading to the GDPR, adopted in April 2016). [less ▲]

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See detailVers une Europe de la santé: défis et opportunités
Danescu, Elena UL; Backes, Yuriko; Kyriakides, Stella et al

Speeches/Talks (2020)

Un nouveau cas de cancer est diagnostiqué toutes les 9 secondes. Chaque année dans l’Union européenne, 1,3 million personnes décèdent du cancer et le nombre de morts est en hausse. Il s’agit de la ... [more ▼]

Un nouveau cas de cancer est diagnostiqué toutes les 9 secondes. Chaque année dans l’Union européenne, 1,3 million personnes décèdent du cancer et le nombre de morts est en hausse. Il s’agit de la première cause de mortalité après les maladies cardiovasculaires, et ses conséquences sur notre santé, sur nos systèmes de santé et sur nos économies sont dévastatrices. Or, plus de 40 % des cas de cancer pourraient être évités. C’est pourquoi le 4 février dernier, la Commission européenne a lancé une consultation publique à travers l’UE ayant pour thème le plan européen de lutte contre le cancer. Ce plan sera présenté avant la fin de l’année et a pour objectif d’aider les États membres à renforcer la prévention et à améliorer les soins dispensés à l’échelle européenne. Notre santé joue un rôle clef pour notre qualité de vie, notre bien-être et notre capacité à contribuer pleinement à la société: que peut-on faire pour la préserver? Pourquoi avons-nous besoin d’un nouveau plan et comment le citoyen européen peut-il en bénéficier au mieux, notamment dans son propre pays? [less ▲]

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See detailA steely backbone
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2020)

Through the steel industry (developed since early 19th century), Luxembourg manages to join the great po­litical circuit, to insert itself as a founding member of the institutions (and to) defend and ... [more ▼]

Through the steel industry (developed since early 19th century), Luxembourg manages to join the great po­litical circuit, to insert itself as a founding member of the institutions (and to) defend and promote its national interests [less ▲]

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See detailTaxing intangible assets in Europe
Danescu, Elena UL

Presentation (2020, January 29)

The globalisation of the digital economy is indicative of a changing multidimensional paradigm driven by a number of factors: the primacy of intangible assets in value creation; a growing transnational ... [more ▼]

The globalisation of the digital economy is indicative of a changing multidimensional paradigm driven by a number of factors: the primacy of intangible assets in value creation; a growing transnational and international dimension in the production and consumption of goods and services; the transition from human labour to artificial intelligence; the increasing dominance of networks of stakeholders over individual players; the emergence of new forms of sharing, creation, collaboration and innovation; and the need to harmonise rules, standards and policies (including in the area of taxation) within a multilateral framework. In a competitive geopolitical environment, the EU, characterised by disparities between its Member States and sometimes opposing national interests, is some way behind China and the uncontested leader of the digital pack, the United States. But Europe can carve out a place for itself alongside these digital giants, since it outperforms its competitors in some sectors of the DSM. These include the production of digital services (the main driver of digital globalisation) and the digital consumption of financial operations. [less ▲]

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See detail“If we think small, we stay small” - Introduction to the interview with Viviane Reding
Danescu, Elena UL

Presentation (2020, January 29)

In the line of women who have helped build Europe, Luxembourg’s Viviane Reding (born on 27 April 1951 in Esch-sur-Alzette) is a key figure. After her studies, including a PhD in Human Science at Paris ... [more ▼]

In the line of women who have helped build Europe, Luxembourg’s Viviane Reding (born on 27 April 1951 in Esch-sur-Alzette) is a key figure. After her studies, including a PhD in Human Science at Paris Sorbonne University, she worked as a journalist at the Luxemburger Wort for more than 20 years and chaired the Luxembourg Union of Journalists. She joined the Christian Social People’s Party (CSV) and was elected to the Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (1979-1989 and since 2018), where she particularly focused on social affairs and international relations, before becoming a Member of the European Parliament for three terms (1981-1999 and 2014-2018) and turning her attention to social affairs, employment and the working environment, as well as civil liberties. [less ▲]

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See detailReinforcing the social dimension of Europe
Danescu, Elena UL; Schmit, Nicolas; Backes, Yuriko

Speeches/Talks (2020)

On 20 January 2020, the inauguration of EDIC University of Luxembourg was followed, at the Maison des Arts et des Etudiants in Esch-Belval, by a public debate – a “Citizens' Dialogue” - with Nicolas ... [more ▼]

On 20 January 2020, the inauguration of EDIC University of Luxembourg was followed, at the Maison des Arts et des Etudiants in Esch-Belval, by a public debate – a “Citizens' Dialogue” - with Nicolas Schmit, the EU Commissioner for Jobs and Social Rights, moderated by Elena Danescu. Over 350 persons, including many students of the Greater Region, attended the event and took the opportunity to ask questions about youth unemployment, the European youth programme, Brexit, the integration of refugees in the economy, the minimum pay wage, the future measures against the gender pay gap, the workforce of the European Union and the improvement of social rights in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Werner report and the financial crisis during the 1970s
Danescu, Elena UL; Tedeschi, Paolo

in Leboutte, René; Tedeschi, Paolo (Eds.) Euro changes: European Responses to Economics and Social Changes. From de 1970s to the new Millennium. (2020)

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See detailLuxembourg: A Country Survey
Danescu, Elena UL

in Hartley, Cathy (Ed.) Western Europe 2020 (2019)

Beginning in the 20th century, Luxembourg experienced several periods of transition. The largely agriculture-based economy became industrialized, driven by a powerful steel industry which remained the ... [more ▼]

Beginning in the 20th century, Luxembourg experienced several periods of transition. The largely agriculture-based economy became industrialized, driven by a powerful steel industry which remained the dominant sector from the immediate post-Second World War years to the mid-1970s. The country had a considerable competitive advantage in this respect owing to iron ore deposits in Luxembourg itself and in the neighbouring French region of Lorraine. The industrial flagship was Aciéries Réunies de Burbach-Eich-Dudelange (ARBED), founded in 1911, which developed its production in Europe and established a global network of sales outlets. Between 1953 and 1968 the steel industry contributed approximately 25% of the country’s GDP growth, while steel production represented 50% of its added industrial value. Over the same period, the nominal wage grew by 29.3%. The improvement in living standards led to the emergence of the middle class and to an increase in urbanization. The Government improved the social security regime and extended it to all workers, thus helping to close the gap in social equality, raise living standards further and boost social cohesion in the country over the long term. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges in completing EMU: asymmetric competition vs fiscal harmonisation. A case study of the Benelux countries
Danescu, Elena UL

in Journal of Contemporary European Research (2019)

This paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition in the integrated economic space of EMU in completion, to pinpoint the positive and negative ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition in the integrated economic space of EMU in completion, to pinpoint the positive and negative factors at work via a case study of the Benelux countries – both founder members of the EU and pioneers of EMU – and to examine the impact on European and international regulations in the field. In particular, it will endeavour to provide a comprehensive interpretation of fiscal policy in the Benelux countries via a comparative approach and from a historical perspective. It will look at the development of respective domestic fiscal policies, driven by national interests and by membership of a Community that is subject to requirements in terms of harmonisation and taxation, but also by constant contact (and frequent clashes) with the multilateral international environment. [less ▲]

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