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See detailStyles de vie, consommation et perspectives d’avenir des jeunes adultes en Suisse
Berger, Lena; Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailLebensstile, Konsum und Zukunftsperspektiven junger Erwachsener in der Schweiz
Berger, Lena; Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

Article for general public (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (6 UL)
See detailStili di vita, consumo e aspettative future dei giovani adulti in Svizzera
Berger, Lena; Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailLebensstile, Konsum und Zukunftsperspektiven junger Erwachsener in der Schweiz
Samuel, Robin UL; Berger, Lena; Bergman, Manfred Max

Book published by Somedia (2017)

Bei der Erhebung von 50'000 stellungspflichtigen Männern in den Jahren 2012/13 sowie rund 1’800 gleichaltrigen Schweizerinnen standen zwei Fragen im Vordergrund. Erstens: Was sind die aktuellen Lebens ... [more ▼]

Bei der Erhebung von 50'000 stellungspflichtigen Männern in den Jahren 2012/13 sowie rund 1’800 gleichaltrigen Schweizerinnen standen zwei Fragen im Vordergrund. Erstens: Was sind die aktuellen Lebens- und Zukunftsvorstellungen der jungen Erwachsenen? Und: Welche Rolle spielen neue Medien im Leben einer der ersten Generationen von Digital Natives? Die Vergleiche mit früheren ch-x-Erhebungen bei den jungen Erwachsenen an der Schwelle von der Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter belegen eine hohe Trendstabilität bei den Grundwerten, bei der Rangierung der Wichtigkeit von Lebensbereichen sowie bei den Determinanten der Berufswahl und den Familien- und Geschlechterrollenbildern. Werte, Familie und Freizeit Junge Erwachsene streben nach Unabhängigkeit und Selbstverwirklichung, betonen individuelle Bedürfnisse und aspirieren auf einen hohen sozialen Status mittels beruflichem Erfolg. Sie rangieren die Wichtigkeit der Lebensbereiche gleich wie die Befragten früherer ch-x-Erhebungen. Bei der Familiengestaltung sind herkömmliche Familien- und Geschlechtermodelle nach wie vor hoch im Kurs. Man möchte heiraten und Kinder haben. Der Mann wird ungebrochen in der Ernährerrolle gesehen, während die Frau sich um die Familie kümmern sollte. Diesbezüglich unterscheiden sich die Lebensansichten und Zukunftsvorstellungen der Digital Natives nur geringfügig von denjenigen der vorhergehenden Generationen. Wandel prägt indes das Freizeitverhalten insofern, als informationstechnische Unterhaltungsangebote und soziale Netzwerke neben herkömmlichen Medien zu wichtigen Gestaltungsfaktoren für die Freizeit avanciert sind. Die jungen Erwachsenen stehen heute in einem sich akzentuierenden Spannungsfeld zwischen dem Wunsch nach Selbstverwirklichung und dem Festhalten an traditionellen institutionalisierten Strukturen und Rollenbildern. Für erstere bieten die neuen digitalen Medien in Art und Form zahlreiche neue Optionen, die rege genutzt werden. Für letztere steht das Festhalten an klassischen Familienmodellen und hohen Berufszielen. Damit steht diese Generation vor der Herausforderung, viele nur noch schwer zu vereinbarende Wünsche mit gesellschaftlichen Erwartungen in Übereinstimmung zu bringen. [less ▲]

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See detailExplaining employers’ hiring decisions: A comparative study of employers’ risk assessment
Imdorf, Christian; Shi, Lulu P.; Sacchi, Stefan et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

In order to investigate the scarring effect of early job insecurity on future employment chances we have implemented a factorial survey experiment with recruiters based on real vacancies in Bulgaria ... [more ▼]

In order to investigate the scarring effect of early job insecurity on future employment chances we have implemented a factorial survey experiment with recruiters based on real vacancies in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. We contribute to recruitment research at least in three ways: First, the multinational design allows us to run comparative analysis across countries, which are carried out along the national dimensions youth unemployment rate, employment protection regulation and type of educational system. Second, we differentiate between two different forms of early job insecurity – unemployment and work experience in deskilling jobs, and we demonstrate that the sole focus on unemployment, as it is the case in the prevalent labour market research, is not sufficient in order to fully understand labour market outcomes caused by different forms of job insecurities. Third, since our sample consists of real recruiters who were hiring for current jobs at the time when the study was carried out, we provide a unique cross-country data set of high external validity. Our findings suggest that scarring effects of early job insecurity vary across countries and across occupational fields, and while scarring caused by work experience in deskilling jobs seems to be enforced by strong employment protection regulations, unemployment scarring seems to stronger where national unemployment is low. Further, the differences in recruiter’s evaluation across occupational fields indicate that signalling value of education may vary depending on specific sectors. Not at least, we contribute to debates around active labour market policies, arguing that measures aiming at quick labour market reintegration without consideration of job quality may not be the most sustainable solution, as work experience in a deskilling job does not lead to better recruiter’s evaluation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 151 (9 UL)
See detailStudying Scarring Effects Using Factorial Designs: Rating or Ranking?
Imdorf, Christian; Sacchi, Stefan; Samuel, Robin UL et al

Scientific Conference (2016, November 09)

Early job insecurity is a much-discussed topic across European countries. Research overwhelmingly found that being unemployed after graduation affects employment chances and also future wages negatively ... [more ▼]

Early job insecurity is a much-discussed topic across European countries. Research overwhelmingly found that being unemployed after graduation affects employment chances and also future wages negatively, other research, however, did not find such scarring effects. Some of this mixed evidence may be due to the different ways in which data were collected. Evaluating the effects of potentially stigmatizing applicant characteristics on hiring chances, such as previous unemployment spells, is known to be prone to social desirability bias. Factorial survey experiments (FSE) and forced choice experiments (FCE) have been suggested to alleviate some of these problems. In this workshop contribution, we gauge the capability of FSE and FCE to estimate effects of early career unemployment spells on recruiters’ hiring decisions. Using data obtained from a survey with sequentially implemented FSE and FCE with 2000 recruiters in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway, and Switzerland we compare FSE and FCE using multilevel linear regression models and multilevel probit models with random effects. Our preliminary results suggest that FCE may be better suited to gather valid data with minimal social desirability bias. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding unemployment scars: A vignette Experiment of employers' decisions in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland
Hyggen, Christer; Imdorf, Christian; Parsanaglou, Dimitris et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailIntroduction to Analytical Strategies for Experimental Data
Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2016, September 21)

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See detailUnderstanding employers’ assessment of young job applicants: A comparative vignette experiment
Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin UL; Shi, Lulu P.

Scientific Conference (2016, September 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 UL)
See detailThe Gendered Interplay between Success and Well-Being during Transitions
Samuel, Robin UL

in Hadjar, Andreas; Krolak, Sabine; Priem, Karin (Eds.) et al Gender and Educational Achievement (2016)

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See detailHow Welfare-State Regimes Shape Subjective Well-Being Across Europe
Samuel, Robin UL; Hadjar, Andreas UL

in Social Indicators Research (2016), 129(2), 565-587

Welfare-state regimes achieve different outcomes in dealing with social inequalities. For example, the social democratic or Scandinavian welfare-state regime is often considered as the most egalitarian ... [more ▼]

Welfare-state regimes achieve different outcomes in dealing with social inequalities. For example, the social democratic or Scandinavian welfare-state regime is often considered as the most egalitarian with a high social transfer rate and a comparably low level of income inequality. While most research on welfare-state regimes focuses on objective indicators of quality of life and inequalities, we are interested in how citizens actually evaluate their lives, using subjective well-being (SWB) as an indicator. The paper deals with two research questions: (1) How does the welfare-state regime affect subjective well-being, and (2) does the welfare-state regime influence the effect of status on SWB? Status is an essential first-order goal to produce subjective well-being according to the social production theory of Lindenberg and colleagues (Ormel et al. 1999), but is also linked to many other instrumental goals such as comfort and stimulation. The study carries out a multilevel analysis using pooled European Social Survey data from the years 2002–2012, covering more than 30 European countries. While we first look at how status drives SWB levels in different welfare-state regimes as classified by Esping-Andersen 1990, 1999), our focus is mainly on cross-level interactions between welfare-state regime type and the relationship between status and SWB. Our results provide evidence that social-democratic welfare-state regimes not only provide for living standards that are associated with the highest SWB levels, but also compensate best for status differences in SWB compared to other welfare-state regimes. [less ▲]

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See detailDer Einfluss der sozialen Herkunft auf postobligatorische Bildungsverläufe in der Schweiz
Hupka-Brunner, Sandra; Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

in Scharenberg, Katja; Hupka-Brunner, Sandra; Meyer, Thomas (Eds.) et al Transitionen im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter: Ergebnisse der Schweizer Längsschnittstudie TREE (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 133 (16 UL)
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See detailImpact of Insecure Employment Trajectories on Employers' Hiring Decisions in Switzerland
Shi, Lulu P.; Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin UL et al

in Baslé, Maurice; Beaupère, Nathalie; Guéguen, Chantal (Eds.) et al Les transitions professionnelles tout au long de la vie. Nouveaux regards, nouveaux sens, nouvelles temporalités ? (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 105 (6 UL)
See detailIntroduction to Bayesian Approaches to Data Analysis
Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2015, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (2 UL)
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See detailUpward social mobility and life satisfaction: the cases of United Kingdom and Switzerland
Samuel, Robin UL; Hadjar, Andreas UL

in Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (2015), 6(3), 13-14

Status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). This is one of the primary assumptions of social production function theory. In contrast, the dissociative hypothesis holds that upward social ... [more ▼]

Status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). This is one of the primary assumptions of social production function theory. In contrast, the dissociative hypothesis holds that upward social mobility may be linked to identity problems, cognitive distress, and reduced levels of SWB because of lost ties to one’s class of origin. In our paper, we use panel data from the United Kingdom (British Household Panel Survey) and Switzerland (Swiss Household Panel) to test these hypotheses. These two countries are compared because historically, social inequality and upward mobility have played distinct roles in each country’s popular discourse. We conduct longitudinal multilevel analyses to gauge the effects of intragenerational and intergenerational upward mobility on life satisfaction (as a cognitive component of SWB), controlling for previous levels of life satisfaction, dynamic class membership, and well-researched determinants of SWB such as age and health problems. Our results provide some evidence for effects of social class and social mobility on well-being in the UK sample, however, there are no such effects in the Swiss sample. The UK findings support the idea of dissociative effects, that is, intergenerational upward mobility is negatively associated with SWB. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes upward social mobility increase life satisfaction? A longitudinal analysis using British and Swiss panel data
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Samuel, Robin UL

in Research in Social Stratification and Mobility (2015), 39

A main assumption of social production function theory is that status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). From the perspective of the dissociative hypothesis, however, upward social ... [more ▼]

A main assumption of social production function theory is that status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). From the perspective of the dissociative hypothesis, however, upward social mobility may be linked to identity problems, distress, and reduced levels of SWB because upwardly mobile people lose their ties to their class of origin. In this paper, we examine whether or not one of these arguments holds. We employ the United Kingdom and Switzerland as case studies because both are linked to distinct notions regarding social inequality and upward mobility. Longitudinal multilevel analyses based on panel data (UK: BHPS, Switzerland: SHP) allow us to reconstruct individual trajectories of life satisfaction (as a cognitive component of SWB) along with events of intragenerational and intergenerational upward mobility—taking into account previous levels of life satisfaction, dynamic class membership, and well-studied determinants of SWB. Our results show some evidence for effects of social class and social mobility on well-being in the UK sample, while there are no such effects in the Swiss sample. The UK findings support the idea of dissociative effects in terms of a negative effect of intergenerational upward mobility on SWB. [less ▲]

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See detailA quoi les jeunes adultes en Suisse aspirent pour leur avenir?
Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

Article for general public (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (5 UL)
See detailA che cosa aspirano i giovani adulti in Svizzera per il loro avvenire?
Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

Article for general public (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (4 UL)
See detailZukunftsaspirationen junger Erwachsener in der Schweiz
Samuel, Robin UL; Bergman, Manfred Max

Article for general public (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (5 UL)
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See detailStudying employers’ risk assessment and the role of institutions: An experimental design
Shi, Penghui Lulu; Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Work Package 7 aims at understanding how early job insecurity can affect an individual’s future career from an employer’s perspective. By paying special attention to the educational background and gender ... [more ▼]

Work Package 7 aims at understanding how early job insecurity can affect an individual’s future career from an employer’s perspective. By paying special attention to the educational background and gender of the applicants, we plan to investigate how employers interpret young applicants’ job insecurity, for example in the form of unemployment or job-mismatch experiences, during recruitment. The negative effects of such experiences on an individual’s chances of being recruited successfully – so called scarring effects – may further vary depending on economic and institutional contexts such as country-specific economic or political conditions, educational structures or economic sectors. By surveying employers from different sectors, we will examine if and how these scarring effects vary between four different countries: Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. We will apply an innovative methodology in the form of an employer-sided survey with an integrated multidimensional vignette experiment in order to simulate the impact of multiple factor s on success and failure when young people who experienced job insecurities apply for new jobs. In the present working paper we summarise the major theoretical concepts that have been used to explain the scarring effects that can result from employer behaviour. Moreover, we outline how we plan to collect data in WP 7 in order to analyse scarring through decision-making on behalf of employers during the recruitment process [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (11 UL)