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See detailFasten und (Über)-essen: Auswirkungen von Jojo-Diäten auf Parameter der kardialen sympatho-vagalen Balance
Coles, Justine; Vögele, Claus UL; Hilbert, Anja et al

in Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie (2005), (34), 95-103

Background: Findings from animal studies suggest sympathetic inhibition during dietary restriction as opposed to increased sympathetic activity during re-feeding. Objective: The present study investigated ... [more ▼]

Background: Findings from animal studies suggest sympathetic inhibition during dietary restriction as opposed to increased sympathetic activity during re-feeding. Objective: The present study investigated sympatho-vagal balance in relation to endocrinological parameters of malnutrition status in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa. Methods: Sixteen female volunteers diagnosed with bulimia nervosa were categorised according to their serum profile (glucose, pre-albumin, insuline-like growth factor, TSH, leptin) into currently malnourished (i.e. fasting) versus non-malnourished (not fasting) and compared with fourteen non-eating disordered controls matched for age and BMI. Spectral components of heart rate variability (HRV) were calculated on resting heart rate data using autoregressive analysis. Results: As expected, fasting bulimic women displayed lower values of resting heart rate compared to non-fasting women and controls. Non-fasting bulimic women consistently showed lower results in the vagally mediated component and significantly higher results in the sympathetically mediated component of HRV. Conclusions: These results confirm the notion of cardiac sympathetic inhibition during caloric restriction and increased activity during periods of normal eating or bingeing. [less ▲]

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See detailErnährung, Körpergewicht und Gewichtsregulation
Vögele, Claus UL

in Schwarzer, R. (Ed.) Enzyklopädie der Psychologie: Gesundheitspsychologie (2004)

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See detailHospitalisation and stressful medical procedures
Vögele, Claus UL

in Kaptein, A.; Weinman, J. (Eds.) Health Psychology (2004)

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See detailAnticipatory effects of food exposure in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa.
Legenbauer, Tanja; Vögele, Claus UL; Rüddel, Heinz

in Appetite (2004), (42), 33-40

Objective. To investigate cephalic phase responses (CPRs) in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa and to test the assumption that eating disordered individuals respond with more marked CPRs and higher ... [more ▼]

Objective. To investigate cephalic phase responses (CPRs) in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa and to test the assumption that eating disordered individuals respond with more marked CPRs and higher increases in psychophysiological arousal to the presentation of food cues. Method. Thirteen female inpatients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa were compared to 15 non-eating disordered female volunteers. Participants were exposed to their preferred binge food in a single laboratory session with the possibility to eat immediately after the exposure trial. Results. The results show greater salivation responses to food exposure and lower sympathetic arousal in patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa than in non-eating-disordered participants. Distress and feelings of tension and insecurity during food exposure were higher in patients compared to controls. Discussion. These results support the hypothesis that anticipatory cephalic phase responses are more marked in eating disordered individuals and may therefore play a role in the maintenance of binge eating behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailDepression, perceived control, and life satisfaction in university students from central-eastern and western Europe
Wardle, Jane; Steptoe, Andrew; Guliš, Gabriel et al

in International Journal of Behavioral Medicine (2004), 11

The poor health and psychological well-being of people in the former socialist states of Centeral-Eastern Europe are of serious concern and may be related to low perceived control. We compared depressive ... [more ▼]

The poor health and psychological well-being of people in the former socialist states of Centeral-Eastern Europe are of serious concern and may be related to low perceived control. We compared depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, and self-rated health in 3,571 male and female university students from 5 Western European countries and 4,793 students from 5 Central-Eastern European countries. Depression scores (short Beck Depression Inventory; Beck & Beck, 1972) were higher in Central-Eastern than Western European samples. The prevalence of low life satisfaction was also greater in Central-Eastern Europeans, but ratings of self-rated health did not differ. Ratings of perceived control were diminished, but sense of mastery and internal health locus of control were higher in Central-Eastern Europe. Depression and low life satisfaction were associated with low perceived control and mastery and with strong beliefs in the influence of chance over health. However, taking these factors into account did not explain the East-West difference in depressive symptoms and low life satisfaction. [less ▲]

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See detailBewegungstherapie bei Adipositas
Vögele, Claus UL

in Wechsler, J. G. (Ed.) Adipositas, Ursachen und Therapie (2003)

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See detailKörperliche Aktivität in der Adipositastherapie
Vögele, Claus UL

in Schusdziarra, V. (Ed.) Adipositas - Konzepte für ein Langzeitproblem (2003)

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See detailSport und Bewegung als Behandlungsansatz
Vögele, Claus UL

in Petermann, F.; Pudel, V. (Eds.) Adipositas (2003)

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See detailPsychophysiologic effects of applied tension on the emotional fainting response to blood and injury.
Vögele, Claus UL; Coles, Justine; Wardle, Jane et al

in Behaviour research and therapy (2003), 41

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the psychophysiologic effects of "Applied Tension" (AT) on the emotional fainting response to blood and injury in a controlled experiment. METHOD ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the psychophysiologic effects of "Applied Tension" (AT) on the emotional fainting response to blood and injury in a controlled experiment. METHOD: Twenty-two persons reporting to generally feel faint or to have fainted at the sight of blood or injury and 22 participants classified as Non-Fainters were randomly allocated to a treatment or control condition. Psychophysiologic responses were continuously monitored while individuals watched a video depicting open-heart surgery and a control film. Prior to the surgery film, participants in the treatment condition were instructed in the use of AT. RESULTS: All participants classified as Fainters showed a diphasic response pattern while watching the surgery film. This response, however, was significantly attenuated in Fainters in the treatment condition. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that AT provides an effective treatment strategy for the prevention of fainting responses in persons with a fear of blood and injury. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological responses to body shape exposure in patients with bulimia nervosa.
Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna; Vögele, Claus UL; Bracht, Susanne et al

in Behaviour research and therapy (2003), 41

One of the unresolved issues regarding research on bulimia nervosa concerns the question as to how patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa respond to body image exposure. In addition, it remains unclear ... [more ▼]

One of the unresolved issues regarding research on bulimia nervosa concerns the question as to how patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa respond to body image exposure. In addition, it remains unclear whether there are differential responses associated with different exposure techniques (e.g. in vivo exposure vs. exposure by visualization). The aim of the present study was to investigate psychological responses to body image exposure. Twenty participants diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (DSM IV) and twenty non-eating disordered individuals were exposed to their body image using a video recording (video confrontation). In addition, they were asked to imagine and describe the appearance of their body (imagery task). Results indicate that self-reported negative emotions increased in response to both, video confrontation and imagery task, in the clinical as well as in the control group. Furthermore, video confrontation led to more pronounced group differences than exposure by visualization (imagery task). Participants diagnosed with bulimia nervosa took less time to describe their waist, hips and bottom compared to non-eating disturbed controls. This last result could be interpreted in terms of avoidance behavior and other mechanisms during body image exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailHIV und AIDS bei Kindern
Vögele, Claus UL

in Schwarzer, R.; Jerusalem, M.; Weber, H. (Eds.) Gesundheitspsychologie von A bis Z (2002)

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See detailKörpergewicht und Gewichtsregulation
Vögele, Claus UL

in Schwarzer, R.; Jerusalem, M.; Weber, H. (Eds.) Gesundheitspsychologie von A bis Z (2002)

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See detailStress und kardiovaskuläre Reaktion
Vögele, Claus UL

in Schwarzer, R.; Jerusalem, M.; Weber, H. (Eds.) Gesundheitspsychologie von A bis Z (2002)

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See detailPsychosomatic pathways to essential hypertension: the combined effect of anger and family history of cardiovascular disorders on cardiovascular reactivity
Vögele, Claus UL

in Excerpta Medica International Congress Series1241 (2002)

Previous results from our laboratory suggest a combined effect of anger-suppression and family history of cardiovascular disorders in determining cardiovascular responses to mental stress. The present ... [more ▼]

Previous results from our laboratory suggest a combined effect of anger-suppression and family history of cardiovascular disorders in determining cardiovascular responses to mental stress. The present study was designed to determine the effect sizes in cardiovascular reactivity associated with biological risk, psychological risk and the combination of these risk factors using meta-analytical techniques. Results from three independent studies with almost identical experimental procedures provided the basis for the calculation of d, the difference between the means of two groups, divided by the pooled within-group standard deviation. Effect sizes were calculated for the comparison of high versus low biological hypertension risk, high versus low anger suppression, and high versus low combined risk. The results show the largest effect sizes for the comparison of high versus low combined risk. The effect sizes associated with the combination of risk factors were larger than the sum of the effect sizes associated with either factor alone. We conclude that the combination of biological and psychological risk factors in determining cardiovascular reactivity to mental stress is more than the sum of its parts. These findings are discussed in terms of a better understanding of the over-additive effects of multiple cardiovascular risk factors on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of prolonged and repeated body image exposure in binge eating disorder
Hilbert, Anja; Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna; Vögele, Claus UL

in Journal of Psychosomatic Research (2002), 52

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate psychological mechanisms associated with prolonged and repeated body image exposure. METHOD: In an experimental design, 30 female volunteers ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate psychological mechanisms associated with prolonged and repeated body image exposure. METHOD: In an experimental design, 30 female volunteers diagnosed with binge-eating disorder (BED) (DSM-IV) and 30 non-eating-disordered controls (NC) were exposed to their physical appearance in a mirror. The confrontation procedure was guided by a standardized interview manual and took place on two separate days. Self-reported mood, appearance self-esteem, and frequency of negative cognitions were assessed repeatedly throughout the experiment. RESULTS: During body image exposure sessions, binge-eating-disordered individuals showed significantly lower mood than controls while appearance self-esteem was diminished in both groups. During the second body image exposure session, higher levels of mood and appearance self-esteem were observed in both groups, and negative cognitions occurred less frequently. CONCLUSION: Results are discussed with regard to the therapeutic use of body image exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychophysiological effects of relaxation training in children
Lohaus, Arnold; Klein-Hessling, Johannes; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in British Journal of Health Psychology (2001), 6

OBJECTIVES: This study compares the effects of progressive muscle relaxation and an imagery-based relaxation training on childrens' physiological and subjective responses in a randomized controlled trial ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: This study compares the effects of progressive muscle relaxation and an imagery-based relaxation training on childrens' physiological and subjective responses in a randomized controlled trial. DESIGN: Sixty-four children aged 9 to 13 years were randomly allocated to either one of three experimental conditions: progressive muscle relaxation, imagery-based relaxation or a control condition (neutral story). There were five training sessions in each condition. METHOD: Heart rate (HR), skin conductance level (SCL), and skin temperature (ST) were measured continuously during a 5-minute baseline period, an 8-minute relaxation training period, and a 5-minute follow-up in each session. In addition, subjective ratings of mood and physical well-being were collected intermittently. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A physiological pattern indicating relaxation was most clearly associated with the imagery-based relaxation approach (decreases in HR and SCL), although ST remained unchanged. In contrast, progressive muscle relaxation led to an increase in HR during the training. The neutral story condition showed a similar trend as the imagery-based relaxation approach (although not reaching statistical significance). Furthermore, children's ratings of positive mood and physical wellbeing increased during baseline and training periods, but there were no differences between training conditions. The results indicate psychophysiological effects of relaxation instructions which, however, are not specific for systematic relaxation training. [less ▲]

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See detailPower Kids. Ein ambulantes Trainingsprogramm für übergewichtige Kinder
Pudel, Volker; Ellrott, Thomas; Lichtenstein, Silke et al

Book published by AOK-Verlag (2001)

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See detailSurgery and stress
Vögele, Claus UL

in Fink, G. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of stress (2000)

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See detailPsychologische Operationsvorbereitung Erwachsener
Vögele, Claus UL

in Hygiene und Medizin (1999), (24), 184-188

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See detailBewegung
Vögele, Claus UL

in Das OPTIFAST TM 52-Programm. Allgemeines Handbuch (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (3 UL)