Results 261-280 of 362.
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMood, emotions and eating disorders
Vögele, Claus UL; Gibson, E. Leigh

in Agras, W. S. (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Eating Disorders. (2010)

Mood and emotions are intrinsically involved with eating. The question is in what ways do these normal emotional relations with food contribute to, or shed light on, the development of abnormal relations ... [more ▼]

Mood and emotions are intrinsically involved with eating. The question is in what ways do these normal emotional relations with food contribute to, or shed light on, the development of abnormal relations with food that eventually become clinical eating disorders (EDs). This chapter discusses basic mechanisms, findings, and models that help our understanding of the interactions between eating and emotions, in both clinical and nonclinical populations. The finding that comorbidity with mood and anxiety disorders is the norm among patients with EDs suggests that EDs may not necessarily be restricted to domains of eating behavior and body image but may also be associated with significant difficulties in affective functioning. This chapter reviews the evidence relating to the notion that EDs are disturbances of mood regulation, in which regulatory strategies specifi cally related to eating and the body are used to diminish negative affect associated with food, body image, or stress. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 480 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCardiac autonomic regulation and anger coping in adolescents
Vögele, Claus UL; Sorg, Sonja UL; Studtmann, Markus et al

in Biological Psychology (2010), (85), 465-471

The current study investigated spontaneous anger coping, cardiac autonomic regulation and phasic heart rate responses to anger provocation. Forty-five adolescents (27 female, mean age 14.7 years) attended ... [more ▼]

The current study investigated spontaneous anger coping, cardiac autonomic regulation and phasic heart rate responses to anger provocation. Forty-five adolescents (27 female, mean age 14.7 years) attended the single experimental session, which included monitoring of continuous heart rate and blood pressure responses to anger provocation (receiving an unfair offer) using a modified version of the Ultimatum Game (UG). Vagal activation was operationalized as high frequency component of heart rate variability during rest periods, and spontaneous baroreflex-sensitivity (SBR) during the UG. Adolescents employing cognitive reappraisal showed higher vagal activity under resting conditions and attenuated heart rate deceleration after receiving the unfair offer compared with participants who tended to ruminate about their anger and experienced injustice. Results from SBR suggested vagal withdrawal in anger ruminators during contemplation of the unfair offer. These results provide further support for the specificity and sensitivity of vagal responses to higher cortical functions such as emotion regulation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 158 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhysical activity and dietary intake of children aged 9-11 years and the influence of peers on these behaviours: a one-year follow-up.
Coppinger, Tara; Jeanes, Yvonne; Dabinett, Jacqueline et al

in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2010), 64(8), 776-781

Background: This study investigated physical activity and dietary intake of children aged 9–11 years, and the influence of peers on these behaviours over a 2-year period. Methods: A total of 106 (64 girls ... [more ▼]

Background: This study investigated physical activity and dietary intake of children aged 9–11 years, and the influence of peers on these behaviours over a 2-year period. Methods: A total of 106 (64 girls; 42 boys) children were investigated annually, over 2 years. Measures included physical activity (sealed pedometer), self-report measures of dietary intake and physical activity, and a peer influence questionnaire. Anthropometric measures of height and weight were also obtained. Results: The findings reveal insufficient energy intakes, physical activity levels and fruit and vegetable consumption but high intakes of saturated fat and sodium, over time, in both boys and girls. Both male calcium and female iron intakes were also of concern. Throughout the survey, peers were found to influence physical activity behaviour but not dietary intake. Conclusions: The fact that youth consistently failed to meet established nutrition and physical activity recommendations highlights the importance of promoting physical activity and healthy eating to children younger than 9 years of age. The finding that peers significantly influence physical activity behaviour over time should be considered when designing new physical activity interventions aimed at young people. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of peer influence on dietary intake and physical activity in school children
Finnerty, Tara; Reeves, Sue; Dabinett, Jaqueline et al

in Public Health Nutrition (2010), 13(3), 376-383

Objective: To investigate the dietary intake and physical activity of boys and girls aged 9–13 years, and the influence of peers on these behaviours. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Nine primary ... [more ▼]

Objective: To investigate the dietary intake and physical activity of boys and girls aged 9–13 years, and the influence of peers on these behaviours. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Nine primary and secondary schools in south-west London. Subjects: A total of 315 children wore sealed pedometers, provided self-report measures of dietary intake and answered a questionnaire relating to peer influence. Anthropometric measures of height and weight were also obtained. Results: Obese children had the lowest reported energy intakes and the lowest step counts per day. Boys took significantly more steps per day than girls, however girls were closer to achieving their recommended cut-offs for physical activity. Girls had lower energy intakes per day and lower BMI Z-scores than boys, however both genders, across all age groups, had higher than recommended intakes of saturated fat. There were significant associations between peer influence and physical activity levels but not between peer influence and dietary intake. Conclusions: Low energy intake and physical activity levels but high saturated fat intakes among boys and girls across all age groups highlight the importance of promoting both physical activity and healthy food choices. The finding that peers have a significant effect on physical activity levels but not on dietary intake offers an important approach for the design of health promotion interventions and obesity prevention programmes. Such designs may be particularly beneficial for obese youth, since the low physical activity levels found could be a major contributing factor to the maintenance of the condition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 123 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychological preparation and postoperative outcomes for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia (Protocol)
Powell, Rachael; Bruce, Julie; Johnston, Marie et al

in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online) (2010), (8), 1-15

Objective: To review the effects of psychological preparation on postoperative outcomes in adults undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthetic.

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCognitive mediation of clinical improvement after intensive exposure-based therapy of agoraphobia and social phobia
Vögele, Claus UL; Ehlers, Anke; Meyer, Andrea H. et al

in Depression and Anxiety (2010), (27), 294-301

Background: The present study investigated cognitive mediation of clinical improvement in patients with agoraphobia (N5427) or social phobia (N598) receiving high-density exposure therapy in a ... [more ▼]

Background: The present study investigated cognitive mediation of clinical improvement in patients with agoraphobia (N5427) or social phobia (N598) receiving high-density exposure therapy in a naturalistic clinical treatment setting. Methods: Patients were assessed before therapy, 6 weeks after the end of therapy, and 1 year thereafter, using a self-report assessment battery. Lower level mediation analyses provided support for the notion that cognitive changes partially mediate clinical improvement after exposure therapy. Results: Changes in cognitions relating to physical catastrophes mediated treatment outcome only for patients with agoraphobia, whereas changes in cognitions about loss of control mediated outcome for both agoraphobia and social phobia patients. Changes in relationship satisfaction did not mediate symptomatic improvement. Conclusions: The results extend previous findings by demonstrating mediation in an unselected clinical sample and by providing evidence for the specificity of mediation effects. They further support the importance of cognitive changes in cognitive–behavior therapy. Depression and Anxiety 27:294–301, 2010. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNutritional profiles in a public health perspective: a critical review
Foltran, Francesca; Verduci, Elvira; Ghidina, Marco et al

in Journal of International Medical Research (The) (2010), 38(2), 318-385

Nutritional profiling is defined as ‘the science of categorizing foods according to their nutritional composition’ and it is useful for food labelling and regulation of health claims. The evidence for the ... [more ▼]

Nutritional profiling is defined as ‘the science of categorizing foods according to their nutritional composition’ and it is useful for food labelling and regulation of health claims. The evidence for the link between nutrients and health outcomes was reviewed. A reduced salt intake reduces blood pressure, but only a few randomized controlled trials have verified the effect of salt on overall and cardiovascular mortality. Evidence linking a reduced fat intake with cardiovascular mortality and obesity is generally nonsignificant. Studies that have examined the relationship between obesity and diet have produced contrasting results. A simulation exercise that demonstrated that the impact of a reduced salt and fat intake on overall mortality would be negligible in the European population was carried out. Consideration of the literature and the results of this simulation exercise suggest that the introduction of nutritional profiles in Europe would be expected to have a very limited impact on health outcomes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 211 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe psychology of childhood obesity
Vögele, Claus UL

in Agro Food Industry Hi Tech (2009), 5(20), 34-37

The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. Childhood obesity is not only associated with significant risks for chronic physical conditions ... [more ▼]

The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. Childhood obesity is not only associated with significant risks for chronic physical conditions, but also impacts negatively on self-esteem, body-image and quality of life. Psychological factors may contribute to the development and maintenance of overweight and obesity through the family environment, dieting behaviour, stress and negative affect. Among the psychological consequences of obesity in childhood are reduced quality of life, social seclusion and an increased risk for psychopathology, especially anxiety and depression. In addition, psychological factors significantly predict outcome of obesity treatment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMedizinische Eingriffe und Operationsstress
Vögele, Claus UL

in Bengel, J.; Jerusalem, M. (Eds.) Handbuch der Gesundheitspsychologie und Medizinischen Psychologie (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailKlinische Psychologie: Körperliche Erkrankungen
Vögele, Claus UL

Book published by Weinheim: Verlagsgruppe Beltz - Psychologie Verlags Union. (2009)

The book describes in uniformly structured chapters the foundations and the application of psychological assessment and treatment approaches for 8 chronic physical conditions: cardiovascular disorders ... [more ▼]

The book describes in uniformly structured chapters the foundations and the application of psychological assessment and treatment approaches for 8 chronic physical conditions: cardiovascular disorders, COPD, obesity, diabetes, cancer, HIV, musculo-skeletal disorders and chronic pain, and neurological conditions. It is unique in its practical approach by giving advice on empirically based methods from Clinical and Health Psychology. It is also rare to find a monograph on this topic, as most volumes are edited books that attempt to provide a more detailed account of current research, which is usually out-dated by the time the book is published. The current monograph draws almost exclusively on meta-analyses rather than to “get lost in detail”, thereby providing a solid and more lasting empirical foundation that is translated into recommendations for daily practice. It is also low-cost and user friendly as supporting material (e.g. assessment methods, therapeutic formulations, case histories etc.) is published as pdf via the publisher’s web-site. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 611 (40 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimism, self-efficacy, and perceived stress as predictors of self-reported health symptoms in college students
Schulz, Heiko; Vögele, Claus UL; Meyer, Björn

in Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie (2009), 17

Studies provide support for the notion of increased vulnerability to upper respiratory track infections (URIs) with exposure to psychological stress, but only few have examined whether optimism and self ... [more ▼]

Studies provide support for the notion of increased vulnerability to upper respiratory track infections (URIs) with exposure to psychological stress, but only few have examined whether optimism and self-efficacy might moderate this relationship. The purpose of the present study was to examine (a) the influence of academic exam stress on susceptibility to URIs and (b) the extent to which these personality characteristics buffer against stress-related vulnerability to URIs. Using a repeated-measures design, URI infection status was measured in a sample of 80 college students with self-reports both during an exam period and outside such a period. Results suggested that optimism may protect from the adverse influence of heightened stress and that pessimistic, low self-efficacious participants may be at elevated risk for the development of URIs at times of increased stress. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 266 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe potential of including the UK in comparisons with other European countries in research on teenage pregnancy
Franz, Anke; Worrell, Marcia; Gilvarry, Catherine et al

in Critical Social Policy (2009), 29

This article is a response to Arai (2003) ‘British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: The limitations of comparisons with other European countries’ (Critical Social Policy 23: 89–102). It ... [more ▼]

This article is a response to Arai (2003) ‘British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: The limitations of comparisons with other European countries’ (Critical Social Policy 23: 89–102). It discusses the arguments put forward by Arai there that cross-cultural comparisons in the area of teenage pregnancy are often problematic due to the unique demographics of the UK. While Arai’s considerations are important for cross-cultural research, they need to be more sensitive to the differences between countries included in these comparisons. Our article illustrates the potential value of cross-cultural research, using Germany as an exam- ple, and concludes that, as long as countries for such comparisons are cho- sen carefully, the merit of cross-cultural research on topics such as teenage pregnancy far exceeds its limitations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDietary restriction, cardiac autonomic regulation and stress reactivity in bulimic women
Vögele, Claus UL; Hilbert, Anja; Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna

in Physiology and Behavior (2009), 98

Recent !ndings suggest sympathetic inhibition during dietary restriction as opposed to increased sympathetic activity during re-feeding. The present study investigated cardiac autonomic regulation and ... [more ▼]

Recent !ndings suggest sympathetic inhibition during dietary restriction as opposed to increased sympathetic activity during re-feeding. The present study investigated cardiac autonomic regulation and stress reactivity in relation to biochemical markers of dietary restriction status in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa. We predicted that bulimic individuals (BN) with a biochemical pro!le indicating dietary restriction exhibit reduced cardiac sympathetic and/or increased vagal activity. We also hypothesized, that BN with a biochemical pro!le within a normal range (i.e. currently not dieting or malnourished) would show heart rate variability responses (HRV) and reactivity to mental stress indicating increased sympathetic activation compared with non-eating disordered controls. Seventeen female volunteers diagnosed with bulimia nervosa were categorized according to their serum pro!le (glucose, pre-albumin, IGF-1, TSH, leptin) into currently fasting versus non-fasting and compared with 16 non-eating disordered controls matched for age and BMI. Spectral components of HRV were calculated on heart rate data from resting and mental stress periods (standardized achievement challenge) using autoregressive analysis. Compared to non-fasting BN and controls, fasting BN showed increased vagal and decreased sympathetic modulation during both resting and recovery periods. Cardiac autonomic regulation was not impaired in response to mental challenge. No differences could be found between non-fasting BN and controls. The results con!rm the notion of cardiac sympathetic inhibition and vagal dominance during dietary restriction and suggest the speci!city of starvation related biochemical changes for cardiac autonomic control. The results are discussed in terms of the higher incidence in cardiac complications in these patients. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamily structure, body mass index and eating behaviour
Hasenböhler, Kathrin; Munsch, Simone; Meyer, Andrea H. et al

in International Journal of Eating Disorders (2009), 42

Objective: To explore associations between family structure, children’s body mass index (BMI), and eating behaviors of children and their mothers. Method: Fifty-seven mothers and their children took part ... [more ▼]

Objective: To explore associations between family structure, children’s body mass index (BMI), and eating behaviors of children and their mothers. Method: Fifty-seven mothers and their children took part in an experimental study. BMI of children was measured. Mothers were asked to provide self- report data on sociodemographic back- ground, mental health, and eating behaviors about themselves and their children. Parent-child-dyads represented their family structure using the Family System Test. Results: We found negative associations in typical family situations between family hierarchy and children’s BMI, mothers’ emotional eating and mothers’ restrained eating. Family cohesion and restrained eating of the children were also negatively correlated. We obtained positive associa- tions in typical and conflict family situa- tions between family cohesion and external eating of the children. Discussion: We found indications that family structure is associated with overweight and with eating behavior in children and their mothers. VC 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPreference for attractiveness and thinness in a partner: Influence of internalization of the thin ideal and shape/weight dissatisfaction in heterosexual women, heterosexual men, lesbians, and gay men
Legenbauer, Tanja; Vocks, Silja; Schäfer, Corinna et al

in Body Image (2009), 6

This study assesses whether characteristics of one’s own body image influences preferences of attractiveness in a partner. The role of gender and sexual orientation is also considered. Heterosexual women ... [more ▼]

This study assesses whether characteristics of one’s own body image influences preferences of attractiveness in a partner. The role of gender and sexual orientation is also considered. Heterosexual women (n = 67), lesbian women (n = 73), heterosexual men (n = 61) and gay men (n = 82) participated in an internet survey assessing attitudes towards the body and preferences of attractiveness in a partner. Men in particular were found to prefer attractive partners, regardless of sexual orientation. Weight/shape dissatisfaction was found to be a negative predictor for heterosexual men and women. For gay men, preferences were better explained by internalization and weight/shape dissatisfaction. No such associations were found in the lesbian group. Levels of weight/shape dissatisfaction and internalization of socio-cultural slenderness ideals influence expectations of thinness and attractiveness in a partner with this effect being modified by gender and sexual orientation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 164 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSympathetic activity relates to adenosine A2A receptor gene variation in blood-injury phobia
Hohoff, Christa; Domschke, Katharina; Schwarte, Kathrin et al

in Journal of Neural Transmission (2009), 116

Variation in the candidate genes adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R), catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) has been suggested to influence vulnerability to panic ... [more ▼]

Variation in the candidate genes adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R), catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) has been suggested to influence vulnerability to panic disorder. We therefore investigated patients with another anxiety disorder with an even higher heritability, the blood-injury phobia, for association of these variants and used sympathetic measures during venipuncture, which serve as a naturalistic trigger of anxiety and autonomic hyperarousal, as an intermediate phenotype of anxiety. Patients homozygous for the A(2A)R 1976T allele as compared to patients carrying at least one 1976C allele exhibited a significantly increased respiratory rate with a trend towards elevated measures of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and respiratory minute volume. None of the sympathetic measures were influenced by the COMT or NET polymorphisms.This study provides preliminary data suggesting an influence of the A(2A)R 1976C/T polymorphism on sympathetic psychophysiological indicators of anxiety-related arousal in blood-injury phobia and thereby further supports a role of the A(2A)R gene in the pathogenesis of anxiety disorders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 171 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHealthy food and healthy choices: a new European profile approach
Azaïs-Braesco, Véronique; Brighenti, Furio; Paoletti, Rodolfo et al

in Atherosclerosis. Supplements (2009), 10(4), 1-11

Poor or unbalanced nutrition, or both, is linked to the development of a variety of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes mellitus, which collectively represent significant ... [more ▼]

Poor or unbalanced nutrition, or both, is linked to the development of a variety of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes mellitus, which collectively represent significant causes of disability and premature death and impose a substantial economic burden. As a result, health authorities and regulatory bodies across Europe are implementing policies to promote healthy eating habits with the aim to attenuate the burgeoning incidence of diet-related diseases. In order to support these efforts, and within the context of a project dedicated to interrelations between nutrition and atherosclerosis, European experts convened on October 24, 2008 at a Session on “Healthy food and healthy choices: A new European profile approach,” during an international symposium in Venice, Italy. The aim of this session was to review issues relating to dietary policies, eating behaviour, food labelling, and nutritional profiling of foods. The present article highlights the key points of this session. Since eating takes place in a behavioural, social, and cultural context, a more relaxed pattern of interacting with food needs to be fostered, especially in children. Excessive regulation alone is insufficient and probably counter-productive to substantially impact population eating practices because automatic behaviour dominates our decision-making process with respect to food choices. Consumers urgently need simple, practical tools to help them make healthy food choices in a real-life setting. Front of pack labelling allows consumers to see the levels of key nutrients in foods; nevertheless more research is needed to assess how people use the different food labelling systems in real-life contexts. While policy changes including legislation and regulation can play an important role in changing behaviour, individuals need more assistance, education, and tools to help them to increase their personal responsibility for their health particularly with respect to diet. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 178 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMental disorders in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Vögele, Claus UL; von Leupoldt, Andreas

in Respiratory Medicine (2008), 102

Recent research using questionnaire measures has demonstrated high prevalence rates of mental disorders in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, clinical interviews and clinical rather ... [more ▼]

Recent research using questionnaire measures has demonstrated high prevalence rates of mental disorders in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, clinical interviews and clinical rather than healthy control groups have rarely been employed. The aim of the present study was to assess mental disorders in patients with COPD with advanced methodology, to identify moderating factors explaining mental co-morbidities and to compare results with a clinical control group without COPD. A standardized clinical interview (F-DIPS) and a range of questionnaires were used to assess mental disorders, perceived physical symptoms and cognitions in 20 hospitalized patients with mild-to-moderate COPD (mean FEV(1)/VC (%)=61.3). Results were compared with a hospitalized clinical control group without pulmonary dysfunction (CCG; N=20). Results showed that 55% of patients with COPD received a diagnosis of a mental disorder compared to 30% of CCG patients. All principal mental diagnoses in the COPD group were anxiety disorders (especially Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia), while CCG patients received a wider range of diagnoses (anxiety, pain, alcohol abuse). There was no systematic association between anxiety levels and respiratory function in the whole COPD group, but a positive correlation between anxiety levels and perceived physical symptoms (p<0.001) as well as negative cognitions (p<0.001 and p<0.05, respectively) for COPD patients with anxiety disorder (N=11). The present results confirm the high prevalence rate of anxiety in patients with COPD and suggest further that anxiety in COPD patients may be mediated by cognitive processes. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for treatment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe role of parental control practices in explaining children’s diet, activity and BMI
Brown, Kerry A.; Ogden, Jane; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Appetite (2008), 50

This paper aimed to investigate which parents use which types of parenting control practices to manage their children's diets and to assess the impact of these practices on children's dietary patterns and ... [more ▼]

This paper aimed to investigate which parents use which types of parenting control practices to manage their children's diets and to assess the impact of these practices on children's dietary patterns and their BMI. A cross-sectional survey of 518 parents with children aged 4-7 years was carried out in 18 primary schools across the South of England. Measures included aspects of parental control practices and the child's diet. Results showed that older parents with a lower BMI and who were stay at home parents used more "snack overt control", "snack covert control" and "meal covert control" and those with more education used more covert control strategies. In contrast, male, non-white parents with younger children used more "pressure to eat". In terms of the children's diet, the results showed links between parental and child demographics and aspects of unhealthy and healthy food intake. In addition, links were also found for parental control practices. For example, eating more unhealthy snacks was related to less covert control and more pressure to eat, eating fruit and vegetables was related to higher levels of both overt and covert control over meals and less pressure to eat and being neophobic was related to less covert control over meals and more pressure to eat. The children's BMIs were unrelated to any variables measured in the study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDaily hassles and emotional eating in obese adolescents under restricted dietary conditions – the role of ruminative thinking
Kubiak, Thomas; Vögele, Claus UL; Siering, Mareike et al

in Appetite (2008), 51

Emotional eating is conceptualized as eating in response to negative affect or distress and is discussed as a mechanism leading to eating binges. Recent evidence suggests that eating may not only be ... [more ▼]

Emotional eating is conceptualized as eating in response to negative affect or distress and is discussed as a mechanism leading to eating binges. Recent evidence suggests that eating may not only be triggered by negative affect, but also ruminative thinking. We report results of an experience sampling study examining the role of rumination for emotional eating in 16 obese adolescents (M=15.5 years, S.D.=1.4; range 14-17, body mass index M = 31.1 kgm(-2), S.D.=5.5) under restricted dietary conditions. We hypothesized that daily hassles type of stress predicted the individuals' desire to eat, with the predictive value further increased when negative affect and rumination were accounted for. The results of mixed regression modeling were in line with our predictions, suggesting a significant contribution of ruminative thinking to the mechanisms of negative affect induced eating. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 143 (0 UL)