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See detailMobile transitions: Exploring synergies for urban sustainability research
Affolderbach, Julia UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Urban Studies (2016), 53(9), 1942-1957

Urban sustainability approaches focusing on a wide range of topics such as infrastructure and mobility, green construction and neighbourhood planning, or urban nature and green amenities have attracted ... [more ▼]

Urban sustainability approaches focusing on a wide range of topics such as infrastructure and mobility, green construction and neighbourhood planning, or urban nature and green amenities have attracted scholarly interest for over three decades. Recent debates on the role of cities in climate change mitigation have triggered new attempts to conceptually and methodologically grasp the cross-sectorial and cross-level interplay of enrolled actors. Within these debates, urban and economic geographers have increasingly adopted co-evolutionary approaches such as the social studies of technology (SST or ‘transition studies’). Their plea for more spatial sensitivity of the transition approach has led to promising proposals to adapt geographic perspectives to case studies on urban sustainability. This paper advocates engagement with recent work in urban studies, specifically policy mobility, to explore conceptual and methodological synergies. It emphasises four strengths of an integrated approach: (1) a broadened understanding of innovations that emphasises not only processes of knowledge generation but also of knowledge transfer through (2) processes of learning, adaptation and mutation, (3) a relational understanding of the origin and dissemination of innovations focused on the complex nature of cities and (4) the importance of individual actors as agents of change and analytical scale that highlights social processes of innovation. The notion of urban assemblages further allows the operationalisation of both the relational embeddedness of local policies as well as their cross-sectoral actor constellations. [less ▲]

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See detailKeeping Up with the Pace of Green Building: Service Provision in a Highly Dynamic Sector
Schulz, Christian UL; JUNG ép. PRELLER, Bérénice UL

in Jones, Andrew; Ström, Patrik; Hermelin, Brita (Eds.) et al Services and the Green Economy (2016)

According to the United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) Green Economy Report (2011), energy consumption of buildings in most of the industrialized countries accounts for around one-third of ... [more ▼]

According to the United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) Green Economy Report (2011), energy consumption of buildings in most of the industrialized countries accounts for around one-third of greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector also consumes more than a third of global resources and contributes by about 40 % to solid waste streams (mainly through demolition but also construction) in developed countries (UNEP 2011, p. 341). But while having been identified as the single largest contributor to human-related greenhouse gas emissions, the sector is also considered to hold the greatest potential to lower emissions based on the relatively low case of retrofitting existing or constructing new buildings (IPCC 2014). Following the realization of these potentials, the last years have witnessed the emergence of a green building agenda in many countries across the globe including technical and organizational innovations in the conception of single buildings (both residential and commercial) as well as enlarged approaches to the role and impact of the built environment in cities including neighbourhood and public infrastructures planning. The sector’s dynamic is partly caused and sustained by a high commitment of public authorities (e.g., via co-funding or tax exemption schemes) and seconded by the involvement of semi-public agencies (e.g., municipal building corporations, energy agencies, public housing services, vocational learning centres). Although the main focus is on low carbon objectives and energy efficiency, social objectives are also present mainly by acknowledging user interactions with their built environment around questions of health and quality of life. [less ▲]

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See detailWirtschaft und Entwicklung
Zademach, Hans-Martin; Schulz, Christian UL

in Freytag, Tim; Gebhardt, Hans; Gerhard, Ulrike (Eds.) et al Humangeographie kompakt (2015)

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See detailESPON - From spatial observation to policy oriented output?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Europa Regional (2015), 21(4), 158-164

This articles analyses the development of the ESPON programme in relation to the development of spatial planning in Europe.

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See detailVers une nouvelle géographie économique
Schulz, Christian UL

in Cahiers de Géographie du Quebec (2015), 58(165), 521-522

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See detailVers une région métropolitaine polycentrique? Enjeux d'un aménagement du territoire transfrontalier
Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Wille, Christian (Ed.) Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen in Grenzregionen. Das Beispiel der Großregion Saar-Lor-Lux. Wirtschaft - Politik - Alltag - Kultur (2015)

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See detailBook Review: Thomas Perrin, Culture et eurorégions. La coopération culturelle entre régions européennes, Bruxelles: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 2013, 192 p.; ISBN 978-2-8004-1536-9
Schulz, Christian UL

in Hemecht : Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte = Revue d'Histoire Luxembourgeoise (2015), 2(2015), 242-243

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See detailBook review: Alternative Economies and Spaces
Schulz, Christian UL

in Geographische Zeitschrift (2015), 103(2), 124-125

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See detailGrünes Wachstum und alternative Wirtschaftsformen
Schulz, Christian UL; Affolderbach, Julia UL

in Geographische Rundschau (2015), 67(5), 4-9

Buzzwords such as green new deal, green economy and sustainable growth dominate current debates about future development scenarios. They are increasingly being criticized for their reliance on ... [more ▼]

Buzzwords such as green new deal, green economy and sustainable growth dominate current debates about future development scenarios. They are increasingly being criticized for their reliance on technological solutions and on old capitalist growth paradigms i.e. not sufficiently taking into account the limits of resource consumption. The efficiency hypothesis suffers from a low probability that an absolute decoupling between economic growth and resource consumption can be achieved. Therefore, concepts such as “de-growth” and “diverse economies” that offer alternative models based on sufficiency approaches, sharing schemes and dematerialization are gaining momentum. Given their manifold spatial implications, they should intrigue further geographical research and offer promising examples for teaching critical views on growth and post-growth issues. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatial Development in Luxembourg: Mimetic Evolution or Emergence of a New Planning Culture?
Chilla, Tobias; Schulz, Christian UL

in European Planning Studies (2015), 23(3), 509-528

Luxembourg’s planning system is currently undergoing a fundamental reform with the establishment of completely new structures in some parts of it. The present paper reflects these developments in the ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg’s planning system is currently undergoing a fundamental reform with the establishment of completely new structures in some parts of it. The present paper reflects these developments in the following steps: We start by proposing a heuristic based on the planning culture perspective originally developed by Frank Othengrafen and colleagues, taking into account (a) planning artefacts, (b) the planning environment, and (c) the societal environment. Before we subsume the contemporary developments of the planning system we provide a brief description of Luxembourg’s spatial context which, due to the country’s small size and the high growth rates of its economy and population in the past years, displays a number of peculiar features. Applying the planning culture perspective on the planning system and its societal context reveals not only hybrid characteristics with regard to neighbouring systems. It also provides the important characteristics of the small state and shows the limits of the planning culture perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailThe green economy and post-growth regimes: opportunities and challenges for economic geography
Schulz, Christian UL; Bailey, Ian

in Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography (2014), 96(3), 277-291

While mainstream economic geography is doing increasing research on green manufacturing and services, with a few notable exceptions, its predominant conceptual approaches to emerging modes of economic ... [more ▼]

While mainstream economic geography is doing increasing research on green manufacturing and services, with a few notable exceptions, its predominant conceptual approaches to emerging modes of economic orientation continue to examine economic transitions somewhat unreflexively within the context of traditional growth paradigms. The aim of this article is to explore and critically examine neoliberal discourses on the green economy and smart growth by exploring contributions to debates on green economics proposed by ideas linked to post-growth economies. Based on studies by scholars such as Tim Jackson and Serge Latouche, the article examines the contours of debates on post-growth, décroissance (de-growth) and prosperity without growth. We begin by examining growth debates and existing contributions by economic and other geographers to the exploration of alternatives to conventional growth-centred economics. We then identify some emergent spatial facets of post-growth transitions and utilize these to explore potential research topics and opportunities for empirical and conceptual contributions by economic geographers to academic and societal debates on economic transitions and post-growth paradigms. Particular attention is paid to approaches currently discussed in economic geography, such as socio-technical transition studies. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraktive Transitionsforschung und Wissensgenerierung im Bereich nachhaltiges Bauen
JUNG ép. PRELLER, Bérénice UL; Affolderbach, Julia UL; Schulz, Christian UL et al

in PND online (2014), 2014(2), 1-14

Basierend auf den Erfahrungen eines internationalen Forschungsprojekts zu den institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen für Innovativität im nachhaltigen Bauen illustriert der Beitrag das Potenzial interaktiver ... [more ▼]

Basierend auf den Erfahrungen eines internationalen Forschungsprojekts zu den institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen für Innovativität im nachhaltigen Bauen illustriert der Beitrag das Potenzial interaktiver Methoden für die Produktion von »Transitionswissen«. Die frühe Einbindung von lokalen Praktikern, Unternehmern, Wissenschaftlern, politischen Entscheidungsträgern und Vertretern von Nichtregierungsorganisationen dient dabei nicht nur den Forschenden zur Exploration des jeweiligen Forschungskontexts, sondern schafft eine Plattform für produktiven Austausch von Wissen. Methodisch unterstützt durch interaktive Workshops sowie Delphi-basierte Feedback- und Validierungsrunden entsteht über die Projektlaufzeit ein wechselseitiger Lernprozess, der zusätzlich durch den Austausch von Erfahrungen aus vier Fallstudienregionen in Europa, Australien und Kanada inspiriert wird. Er liefert für alle Beteiligten wichtige Erkenntnisse über die Gestaltbarkeit von nachhaltigkeitsorientierten Transitionsprozessen im Baubereich. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainability Research and Interactive Knowledge Generation
JUNG ép. PRELLER, Bérénice UL; Affolderbach, Julia UL; Schulz, Christian UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Based on experiences from the GreenRegio research project that investigates framework conditions for innovations in sustainable/green building, this working paper explores the potential of interactive and ... [more ▼]

Based on experiences from the GreenRegio research project that investigates framework conditions for innovations in sustainable/green building, this working paper explores the potential of interactive and collaborative methods for knowledge generation and co-production. Engagement with local practi-tioners, private industry, academics, political decision-makers and representatives of the non-profit sector early on in the research process allows researchers to gain better understanding of the re-search object and context. It also creates a platform for (mutual) knowledge exchange. Methodologi-cally, the project incorporates interactive workshops and Delphi-based feedback and validation rounds, that – over the lifespan of the project – offer a mutual learning process further inspired by in-sights and experiences across four case studies in Europe, Australia, and Canada. The exchange and learning processes provide important insights on different forms and pathways of sustainability transi-tions in the building sector to all participants involved in the project, researchers and researched alike. [less ▲]

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See detailLes économies de l'après-croissance : objet ou non-objet pour la géographie économique ?
Schulz, Christian UL

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2014), (62), 63-73

Malgré l’intérêt croissant de la géographie économique pour les questions de l’industrie et des services verts, celle-ci reste fortement ancrée dans le paradigme traditionnel de croissance économique ... [more ▼]

Malgré l’intérêt croissant de la géographie économique pour les questions de l’industrie et des services verts, celle-ci reste fortement ancrée dans le paradigme traditionnel de croissance économique continue. La présente contribution vise à confronter les discours des avantages néo-libéraux autour des notions d’« économie verte » et de « croissance intelligente » aux approches plus critiques des économies d’après-croissance. Basé sur les travaux pertinents de chercheurs comme Tim Jackson ou Serge Latouche, l’objectif principal de l’article est de relever des sujets de recherche prometteurs offrant des opportunités pour des contributions empiriques et conceptuelles que les géographes économistes pourraient apporter aux débats scientifiques et sociétaux sur les transitions économiques et le paradigme de l’après-croissance. Sont ainsi mis en avant des approches récemment adoptées par la géographie économique comme les « social studies of technology », les transitions régionales ainsi que les systèmes d’innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Delphi method in ESPON: State of the art, innovations and thoughts for future developments
Evrard, Estelle UL; Chilla, Tobias; Schulz, Christian UL

in Science in support of European Territorial Development (2014)

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See detailResearch & Innovation: Which priorities for structural funds in Luxembourg
Evrard, Estelle UL; Hachmann, Verena UL; Schulz, Christian UL

Report (2013)

It is a key aim of the EU2020 strategy and of the Luxembourg government to promote research and innovation (“smart growth”). The 2014-2020 programming period of the Structural Funds offers an opportunity ... [more ▼]

It is a key aim of the EU2020 strategy and of the Luxembourg government to promote research and innovation (“smart growth”). The 2014-2020 programming period of the Structural Funds offers an opportunity to support projects in this field at national, cross-border and transnational levels. This leaflet synthesises the results of a consultation process organised by the ESPON Contact Point of Luxembourg in summer and autumn 2013 in the framework of the USESPON project. First, it aimed at analysing the relevance of ESPON results in the field of research, development and innovation (RDI) in Luxembourg. Second, this process reflected on possible priorities for the future operational programmes of the structural funds. This process involved either experts in the field of RDI or those responsible for drafting operational programmes. The consultation process has been framed by a Delphi technique. First, participants received “support material” presenting the situation of Luxembourg according to the ESPON results. Second, they participated in a workshop on 11th July 2013. Third, a synthesis based on the results of the workshop was provided together with a questionnaire giving the experts the opportunity to deepen and concretise their contribution. By summarising this consultation process, this leaflet aims at 1) working out a profile of Luxembourg on the basis of ESPON results in the field of RDI and 2) developing recommendations of how future-oriented innovation strategies can be implemented in the context of European Territorial Cooperation. The final version of this document was published on the ECP Luxembourg website in autumn 2013. [less ▲]

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