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See detailEmploi et développement économique au sein de la Grande Région : développement économique différencié et impacts de l’emploi transfrontalier
Belkacem, Rachid; Dörrenbächer, Peter; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Axé sur le thème du développement économique et de l’emploi, ce rapport se consacrera plus spécifiquement au développement économique différencié (entre les diverses composantes de la Grande Région) et ... [more ▼]

Axé sur le thème du développement économique et de l’emploi, ce rapport se consacrera plus spécifiquement au développement économique différencié (entre les diverses composantes de la Grande Région) et aux impacts de l’emploi transfrontalier. Il se base sur l’expertise géographique et socioéconomique de ses auteurs, intéressés aux questions transfrontalières et plus particulièrement au phénomène de travail frontalier. [less ▲]

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See detailLa mobilité transfrontalière des travailleurs est-elle une ressource pour la Grande Région?
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

Report (2018)

La Grande Région est l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus concernés par les flux de travail frontalier. Face aux nombreux défis (économiques, démographiques, environnementaux, etc.) auxquels elle se ... [more ▼]

La Grande Région est l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus concernés par les flux de travail frontalier. Face aux nombreux défis (économiques, démographiques, environnementaux, etc.) auxquels elle se trouve confrontée, peut-on considérer la mobilité transfrontalière comme une ressource pour les territoires frontaliers ? Telle était la question de départ posée aux différents spécialistes présents lors du Forum Grande Région du 7 juin 2018. Cette table ronde a réuni près de 70 participants issus du monde politique, économique, universitaire, mais également des citoyens intéressés par ces questions. Elle a donné lieu à de nombreux échanges et débats, révélant d’intéressantes pistes de recherche futures. [less ▲]

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See detailFlows and mobilities in the Greater Region
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailSessions about Cross-border workers and cross-border Labour markets
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Rachid, Belkacem

Presentation (2018, July 11)

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See detailLa mobilité transfrontalière des travailleurs est-elle une ressource pour la Grande Région
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

La Grande Région est l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus concernés par les flux de travail frontalier. Face aux nombreux défis (économiques, démographiques, environnementaux, etc.) auxquels elle se ... [more ▼]

La Grande Région est l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus concernés par les flux de travail frontalier. Face aux nombreux défis (économiques, démographiques, environnementaux, etc.) auxquels elle se trouve confrontée, peut-on considérer la mobilité transfrontalière comme une ressource pour les territoires frontaliers ? [less ▲]

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See detailDéterminants individuels et territoriaux des navettes internes ou transfrontalières des actifs résidant en France
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Le Texier, Marion; Belkacem, Rachid et al

in Espace, Populations, Sociétés (2018), 2017(3), 1-30

This article focuses on the individual and territorial determinants of cross-border commuting from France to its neighbouring countries. We seek to identify whether cross-border commuting is a distinct ... [more ▼]

This article focuses on the individual and territorial determinants of cross-border commuting from France to its neighbouring countries. We seek to identify whether cross-border commuting is a distinct form of commuting, especially whether it differs for an active resident from commuting outside his/her reference functional urban area. We use individual data from the 2013 census and characterize the territory at the municipal scale in order to capture the relative polarisation of residential places within the national urban system. From our multinomial logistic models applied to the whole France or the border fringe, we find that gender, age, education, type and sector of activity, as well as the location of the commune with respect to employment poles in France, explain similarly the commute of active individuals towards another urban area in France and across the border. However, the effect is more intensive for cross-border commuting. After controlling the impact of the different neighbouring countries, we still clearly identify a different behaviour from elastic migrants in border areas and an effect of the distance to the border and of the job density on the cross-border commutes. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilités transfrontalières et développement économique et social des territoires frontaliers : l'exemple du nord d ela Lorraine
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid; Clément, Franz

Scientific Conference (2017, November 23)

Par leur ampleur, mais aussi leur pérennité, les mobilités transfrontalières au sein de la Grande Région SaarLorLux ne sont pas sans effets sur les dynamiques territoriales. Au Luxembourg, vers lequel ... [more ▼]

Par leur ampleur, mais aussi leur pérennité, les mobilités transfrontalières au sein de la Grande Région SaarLorLux ne sont pas sans effets sur les dynamiques territoriales. Au Luxembourg, vers lequel converge une grande partie des flux de travailleurs, le phénomène frontalier a des conséquences multiples (sur la consommation, les pratiques linguistiques, les transports, l’immobilier….). Le travail frontalier a également des impacts sur les régions de provenance des travailleurs . Il est devenu un important ressort de la dynamique économique et sociale de ces espaces géographiques. Sur un plan économique, il contribue à l’ajustement aussi bien quantitatif que qualitatif entre besoins en ressources humaines et besoins de production. Il est aussi à l’origine de nombreuses autres formes de mobilités (mobilités résidentielles, de consommation, de loisirs….) qui contribuent à dynamiser aussi bien les territoires d’emploi que de résidence. L’hypothèse que nous formulons est que le développement du travail frontalier impacte les trajectoires de développement économique et social des territoires frontaliers, particulièrement des territoires de résidence de ces travailleurs. Quelles sont les nouvelles activités structurantes du territoire en rupture avec le passé industriel (comme par exemple au nord de la Lorraine) ? Cette question a du sens dans un contexte où le travail frontalier est ancré dans les économies locales. En Lorraine, 10% de la population active occupée a son emploi de l’autre côté des frontières. A proximité directe des frontières, ce pourcentage augmente. Le travail frontalier concerne par exemple la moitié des actifs occupés habitant la zone d’emploi de Longwy. Notre proposition se focalisera sur cette zone d’emploi située au nord de la Lorraine, frontalière à la fois du Luxembourg et de la Belgique. Le choix de ce territoire s’explique surtout par les ruptures importantes de la structure économique et sociale locale avec l’activité industrielle passée de ce territoire et par l’ampleur des restructurations du système productif local. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Presentation (2017, June 19)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼]

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼]

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲]

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See detailLe travail frontalier au Luxembourg . Développement, enjeux et perspectives
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid; Clément, Franz

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Le travail frontalier au Luxembourg a connu <br />un fort développement ces trois dernières <br />décennies, avec une multiplication des effectifs <br />par dix. En janvier 2017, environ 180 000 <br ... [more ▼]

Le travail frontalier au Luxembourg a connu <br />un fort développement ces trois dernières <br />décennies, avec une multiplication des effectifs <br />par dix. En janvier 2017, environ 180 000 <br />salariés frontaliers travaillent au Grand- <br />Duché de Luxembourg (IGSS). Ces femmes et <br />ces hommes constituent un important facteur <br />de développement économique et social pour <br />les territoires de la Grande Région. <br />Cette conférence vise à répondre à des questions <br />essentielles : <br />• Quelles sont les caractéristiques socioéconomiques <br />du travail frontalier ? <br />• Qui sont ces travailleurs mobiles qui vivent <br />l’Europe au quotidien ? <br />• Quelle est leur implication dans la vie économique <br />et sociale locale (dans la région <br />de travail comme celle de résidence) ? <br />• Quelles sont les conséquences de la forte <br />hausse de leur nombre pour les territoires <br />frontaliers du Luxembourg ? [less ▲]

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See detailLe travail frontalier au Luxembourg : Elements de contexte et de portrait statistique
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

La plupart des travailleurs frontaliers d’Europe travaillent en Suisse et au Luxembourg : ces deux pays emploient près d’un demi-million (470 000) de personnes provenant des pays voisins et ont recours ... [more ▼]

La plupart des travailleurs frontaliers d’Europe travaillent en Suisse et au Luxembourg : ces deux pays emploient près d’un demi-million (470 000) de personnes provenant des pays voisins et ont recours, depuis des décennies, au travail frontalier. Cependant, les problématiques et stratégies liées à cette tendance ne sont pas aisément comparables ni même transférables. Cette présentation entend faire un tour d'horizon du travail frontalier au Luxembourg, afin de mieux le connaitre, le comprendre et d'en mesurer les principaux impacts. La prise en compte des éléments de contexte (géographique, historique, économique et juridique) est un préalable à toute analyse de l'emploi. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-border residential mobility of people working in Luxembourg: Development and impacts
Nienaber, Birte UL; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

in Boesen, Elisabeth; Schnuer, Gregor (Eds.) European Borderlands- Living with barriers and bridges (2017)

More and more work and residential cross-border mobilities are observed in border regions. The Greater Region, consisting of Luxembourg, Lorraine (France), Wallonia (Belgium), Saarland and Rhineland ... [more ▼]

More and more work and residential cross-border mobilities are observed in border regions. The Greater Region, consisting of Luxembourg, Lorraine (France), Wallonia (Belgium), Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), is one of the borderlands that is mostly affected by those cross-border mobilities. Inside this geographic space, around 213,000 people live and work in two different countries. The majority of cross-border workers commute from a neighbouring country to Luxembourg, where they constitute 44% of the salaried population in 2013. Beside work cross-border mobilities also residential cross-border mobilities become more and more important in the Greater Region. Associated with this is e.g. the move of a non-negligible number of former Luxembourgish residents into the Belgian, French or German borderlands. Most of them still maintain their job in Luxembourg meaning they commute from their place of residence to the Grand Duchy on weekdays. This paper aims on examining the development of the phenomenon of residential cross-border mobilities focusing on people who left Luxembourg and moved into the neighbouring countries but still work in the Grand Duchy. The period of time that the analysis takes into consideration is the last twenty years. In the 1990s, the majority of residential cross-border mobilities were oriented towards Luxembourg. But in recent years, the trend has changed into the direction of the neighbouring countries. Therefore, recently some Belgian, French and German villages are impacted by these trends in migration flows. These impacts concern e.g. housing prices, practice of languages, schooling as well as social integration of allochthonous and autochthonous population. It is followed by a discussion focusing on the one hand on the effects arising from these trends for the Greater Region and on the other hand analysing social, economic, and environmental issues municipalities are faced with. Furthermore the paper addresses the problem whether these residential cross-border mobilities could be seen as a strengthening (re-bordering) or a weakening (de-bordering) of the function of borders. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration und Zusammenhalt? Territoriale und soziale Dimensionen der Grenzgängerbeschäftigung in Luxemburg | Intégration et cohésion ? Dimensions territoriales et sociales de l‘emploi frontalier au Luxembourg
Wille, Christian UL; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2017)

Steigende grenzüberschreitende Arbeitnehmermobilität wird häufig als fortschreitende Integration von benachbarten Grenzregionen und wachsenden sozialen Zusammenhalt über Grenzen hinweg bewertet. Der ... [more ▼]

Steigende grenzüberschreitende Arbeitnehmermobilität wird häufig als fortschreitende Integration von benachbarten Grenzregionen und wachsenden sozialen Zusammenhalt über Grenzen hinweg bewertet. Der Vortrag hingegen vertritt die These, dass steigende Grenzgängermobilität vor allem auf regionalen Unterschieden und divergenten Entwicklungen beruht und soziale Kategorisierungen des Wir/die Anderen befördert. Dies wird am Beispiel der 160.000 Grenzgänger aus Frankreich, Belgien und Deutschland mit Arbeitsplatz in Luxemburg rekonstruiert, die dort knapp die Hälfte (44%) der Arbeitskräfte stellen. Die Betrachtungen erfolgen entlang von territorialen Unterschieden zwischen den Grenzregionen (z.B. rechtlicher, infrastruktureller, beschäftigungs- oder vergütungsbezogener Art) sowie der Wahrnehmung der Grenzgänger am Arbeitsort und stützen sich auf Analysen der amtlichen Statistik sowie einer eigenen empirischen Untersuchung. Der Vortrag zeigt, dass die Nicht-Integration von Grenzregionen als Voraussetzung für grenzüberschreitende Arbeitnehmermobilität und in diesem Zusammenhang soziale Abgrenzungsprozesse als Ergebnisse von grenzüberschreitender Arbeitnehmermobilität thematisiert werden können. [less ▲]

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See detailLa grande région SaarLorLux, riche de ses travailleurs frontaliers
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailL'intérim transfrontalier : les marges de l'emploi aux marges des territoires
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

in Revue Française de Socio-Economie (2016), 17(2nd semestre), 43-63

Within the Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux (including one state: Luxembourg, and four regions: Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany, Wallonia in Belgium and Lorraine in France), there is an increase ... [more ▼]

Within the Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux (including one state: Luxembourg, and four regions: Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany, Wallonia in Belgium and Lorraine in France), there is an increase in the number of cross-border workers as well as a diversification of this form of employment, including temporary work. Temporary work agencies now constitute new employment intermediaries inside this cross-border area. They favour the development of specific forms of employment and take advantage of the differences in social and fiscal rules between countries. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic impact of cross-border work on the communes of residence : example at the french-luxembourgish border
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

Scientific Conference (2016, October 07)

The aim of this paper is to examine the economic impact of cross-border work on the communes of residence of the cross-border commuters. At the French-luxembourgish border, many people live in France and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to examine the economic impact of cross-border work on the communes of residence of the cross-border commuters. At the French-luxembourgish border, many people live in France and have a job in Luxembourg. For some communes of Lorraine, most of 80% of the employed population works abroad. The impacts of this cross-border activity not only on demographic evolution, but also on unemployment or economic activity are interesting to examine at the municipal level through quantitative datasets. What are the recent evolutions of the number of cross-border workers in the French communes? Is there an effect of the rise of cross-border commuters on unemployment or on economic activity near the borders? Finally, can the proximity of the borders be seen as an engine of regional development, or on the contrary as a disruptive element? This exploratory analysis leads to interesting first results showing the interdependencies between France and Luxembourg regarding cross-border labour. The closer to the border the communes are, the higher the percentage of cross-border commuters is. Moreover, during the last five years, the rate of people working abroad particularly rose in the communes near the borders, but also in farther communes with an easy access to Luxembourg (by road or train). But on the other hand, despite their proximity to the border, and their high rate of cross-border commuters, some communes have high unemployment rates. One part of the population doesn’t match the needs of the labour market, and especially the Luxembourgish one that requires now more and more specific and highly qualified profiles. The 2011 and 2006 census data from INSEE available at the municipal level will be used to build maps, and conduct multivariate analysis. This quantitative analysis will be completed by a focus on the French commune of Longwy, interesting by its geographic position (in the immediate vicinity of the border) and economic situation (formerly one of the main steel-industry areas of France). [less ▲]

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See detailCross-border activity-travel patterns: the Luxembourg residents perspective
Sprumont, François UL; Piroth, Isabelle UL; Viti, Francesco UL

Scientific Conference (2016, October 07)

Despite its small size (2586 km2), the Grand-duchy of Luxembourg is a strong economic locomotive. Indeed, among the 380 000 available jobs in the country, 44% are occupied by cross-border workers from ... [more ▼]

Despite its small size (2586 km2), the Grand-duchy of Luxembourg is a strong economic locomotive. Indeed, among the 380 000 available jobs in the country, 44% are occupied by cross-border workers from France, Belgium and Germany. While the commuting behavior and the activity chains of the cross-border workers have been largely studied (Carpentier, 2012, Drevon et al., 2013, Gerber, 2012) this is not the case for the population living in Luxembourg. This scientific contribution aims at analyzing the daily activity chains of resident population. Do residents perform all their activities in Luxembourg? If not, in which country do they go and for which type of activity? Due to the small size of the country and plausible attraction for surrounding countries (linked to familial reasons, nationality, past residential place of residence, differentials in prices etc.) the people living in Luxembourg might conduct some activities in Belgium, France or Germany. Between June and July 2015, a multi-day survey has been implemented on 52 staff members of the University of Luxembourg working, at that time, at Walferdange campus. These individuals provided information regarding their daily activities (activity duration and location, activity type) and their travel behavior (travelling time and mode) for two weeks. Among the respondents, 35 participants are living in Luxembourg and provided information for 490 days and 1850 activities in total. The studied population is interesting in many aspects. First of all, the individuals were working in Walferdange, a city located 8 km north of Luxembourg-city, so a central geographic position. Second, this is a high-qualified and international population. Actually, the education level of the respondents is high (45% have a PhD degree, 37% a master degree) and many of them moved to Luxembourg because of the attractive labour market. Third, the income of the surveyed population is higher than the average national salary. With its limited area, one would think that individuals living in Luxembourg would cross the borders quite often for shopping, leisure activities...However, Luxembourg has abundant and various services (shopping malls, leisure and cultural places ...). Indeed close to 30% of the respondents had all their activities in Luxembourg and out of the 1850 total activities, only 130 had been done in a neighboring country. But on the other hand, one fourth of the respondents had done 75% of total activities outside Luxembourg. In a way to better understand the mobility behavior of resident population, a detailed activity chain analysis will be presented. This will be completed by a spatial analysis of the activities, in order to examine the effects of the borders on non-work related activities. Finally, different activity behaviors will be identified through a multivariate analysis. The results of this explorative analysis will be compared to the abundant literature regarding the behavior of the cross-borders workers. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-border labour in the Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux : evolutions and effects on the status of the workers and on regional economic and social development
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

in Mrozowicki, Adam; Kolasinska, Elzbieta; Rog-Ilnicka, Joanna (Eds.) Social boundaries and meanings of work in the 21st-century capitalism (2015)

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux is a geographic space constituted by two German border regions (Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate), one French (Lorraine), one Belgian border region (Wallonia) and a small ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux is a geographic space constituted by two German border regions (Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate), one French (Lorraine), one Belgian border region (Wallonia) and a small country (Luxembourg). In this area situated in the centre of the European Union, new dynamics of employment are observed especially with the development of cross-border labour: more and more people live and work in two different countries. Cross-border labour and its different forms have positive and negative effects on the composition of regional labour markets and more generally on the economic and social development of these different border regions. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Grande Région comme marché de l’emploi transfrontalier?
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (2 UL)