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See detailCapacity Analysis of Multibeam Joint Decoding over Composite Satellite Channels
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Matthaiou, Michail et al

in Proceeding of IEEE (2011)

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See detailStatistical Precoding and Detection Ordering in MIMO Multiple-Access Channels with Decision Feedback Equalization
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jorswieck, Eduard

in Communications (ICC), 2011 IEEE International Conference on (2011)

We present a novel approach for joint transmitter-receiver design in the uplink of a wireless multiple-input multiple-output communication system. It applies to, e.g., a fast-fading frequency-division ... [more ▼]

We present a novel approach for joint transmitter-receiver design in the uplink of a wireless multiple-input multiple-output communication system. It applies to, e.g., a fast-fading frequency-division duplexing system with periodic pilot signaling from each user - a scenario hindering transmitter optimization based on channel state information (CSI), while CSI-based receiver optimization is possible. Each user multiplexes data onto several, independently coded subchannels processed by a linear precoder, and detected at a base station (BS) employing zero-forcing decision feedback (DF) equalization, eliminating all interference prior to detection. We target the problem of jointly designing fixed linear precoders for all users as well as a fixed detection order for the DF receiver based on long-term channel statistics. We propose an efficiently implementable alternating-minimization technique that is verified numerically to converge fast, and to outperform the popular V-BLAST scheme - a computationally more complex ordered-DF receiver with limited applicability by requiring equal-rate subchannels in the system. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust binary least squares: Relaxations and algorithms
Tsakonas, Efthymios; Jaldén, Joakim; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2011 IEEE International Conference on (2011)

Finding the least squares (LS) solution s to a system of linear equations Hs = y where H, y are given and s is a vector of binary variables, is a well known NP-hard problem. In this paper, we consider ... [more ▼]

Finding the least squares (LS) solution s to a system of linear equations Hs = y where H, y are given and s is a vector of binary variables, is a well known NP-hard problem. In this paper, we consider binary LS problems under the assumption that the coefficient matrix H is also unknown, and lies in a given uncertainty ellipsoid. We show that the corresponding worst-case robust optimization problem, although NP-hard, is still amenable to semidefinite relaxation (SDR)-based approximations. However, the relaxation step is not obvious, and requires a certain problem reformulation to be efficient. The proposed relaxation is motivated using Lagrangian duality and simulations suggest that it performs well, offering a robust alternative over the traditional SDR approaches for binary LS problems. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal V-BLAST Ordering in Fast Rayleigh Fading: A Linear Assignment Problem
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jorswieck, Eduard

in Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2011 IEEE 12th International Workshop on (2011)

We explore a novel approach to perform decoding-order optimization in the vertical Bell Labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) architecture. Allowing for simultaneous transmission of multiple, separately ... [more ▼]

We explore a novel approach to perform decoding-order optimization in the vertical Bell Labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) architecture. Allowing for simultaneous transmission of multiple, separately encoded data streams, the V-BLAST transmit-receive scheme applies to the uplink of a multi-user communication system. A multi-antenna receiver decodes data streams successively, dealing with inter-stream interference by means of cancelling and nulling; interference from previously decoded streams is cancelled by subtraction, and remaining interference is nulled by linear equalization. The order in which the streams are decoded can have a noticeable impact on system performance. We consider the optimization of a fixed decoding order in fast Rayleigh fading, based on long-term channel-fading parameters. For a wide range of performance measures, we show that the fast-fading ordering problem can be treated as a classical linear assignment problem, allowing a solution using existing, efficient algorithms. [less ▲]

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See detailA New 1-D Colour Model and its Application to Image Filtering
Garcia Becerro, Frederic UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in 2011 7th International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis (ISPA) (2011)

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See detailSpiral Colour Model: Reduction from 3-D to 2-D
Garcia Becerro, Frederic UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (2011)

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See detailConvergence of the Iterative Water-filling algorithm with Sequential Updates in Spectrum Sharing Scenarios
Shankar, Bhavani UL; von Wrycza, Peter; Bengtsson, Mats et al

in Communication Technologies Workshop (Swe-CTW), 2011 IEEE Swedish (2011)

Spectrum sharing between multiple independent, coexisting transmit-receive pairs (TRPs, also termed as users) is formulated as a non-cooperative game with the TRPs as players, their individual link rates ... [more ▼]

Spectrum sharing between multiple independent, coexisting transmit-receive pairs (TRPs, also termed as users) is formulated as a non-cooperative game with the TRPs as players, their individual link rates as payoffs and the iterative water-filling algorithm (IWFA) as the strategy for each TRP. The dynamics of this distributed algorithm are studied for sequential and simultaneous update mechanisms to determine the nature of convergence. Global convergence to unique Nash Equilibrium (NE) is considered and sufficient conditions tighter than those in the literature are derived. Necessary conditions are also derived to complement the sufficient conditions. The necessary conditions serve as tools for characterizing the structure of NE and also highlight the sensitivity of convergence to update orders in sequential IWFA. [less ▲]

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See detailComputational Framework for Optimal Robust Beamforming in Coordinated Multicell Systems
Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Zheng, Gan UL et al

in Computational Framework for Optimal Robust Beamforming in Coordinated Multicell Systems (2011)

Coordinated beamforming can significantly improve the performance of cellular systems through joint interference management. Unfortunately, such beamforming optimization problems are typically NP-hard in ... [more ▼]

Coordinated beamforming can significantly improve the performance of cellular systems through joint interference management. Unfortunately, such beamforming optimization problems are typically NP-hard in multicell scenarios, making heuristic beamforming the only feasible choice in practice. This paper proposes a new branch-reduce-and-bound algorithm that solves such optimization problems globally, with a complexity suitable for benchmarking and analysis. Compared to prior work, the framework handles robustness to uncertain intercell interference and numerical analysis shows higher efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailA New Multi-Lateral Filter for Real-Time Depth Enhancement
Garcia Becerro, Frederic UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in 8th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance (2011)

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See detailReal-Time Hybrid ToF Multi-Camera Rig Fusion System for Depth Map Enhancement
Garcia Becerro, Frederic UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in 2011 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (2011)

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See detailStatistical Precoding with Decision Feedback Equalization over a Correlated MIMO Channel
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Eduard, Jorswieck

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2010), 58(12), 6298-6311

The decision feedback (DF) transceiver, combining linear precoding and DF equalization, can establish point-to-point communication over a wireless multiple-input multiple-output channel. Matching the DF ... [more ▼]

The decision feedback (DF) transceiver, combining linear precoding and DF equalization, can establish point-to-point communication over a wireless multiple-input multiple-output channel. Matching the DF-transceiver design parameters to the channel characteristics can improve system performance, but requires channel knowledge. We consider the fast-fading channel scenario, with a receiver capable of tracking the channel-state variations accurately, while the transmitter only has long-term, channel-distribution information. The receiver design problem given channel-state information is well studied in the literature. We focus on transmitter optimization, which amounts to designing a statistical precoder to assist the channel-tailored DF equalizer. We develop a design framework that encompasses a wide range of performance metrics. Common cost functions for precoder optimization are analyzed, thereby identifying a structure of typical cost functions. Transmitter design is approached for typical cost functions in general, and we derive a precoder design formulation as a convex optimization problem. Two important subclasses of cost functions are considered in more detail. First, we explore a symmetry of DF transceivers with a uniform subchannel rate allocation, and derive a simplified convex optimization problem, which can be efficiently solved even as system dimensions grow. Second, we explore the tractability of a certain class of mean square error based cost functions, and solve the transmitter design problem with a simple algorithm that identifies the convex hull of a set of points in R2. The behavior of DF transceivers with optimal precoders is investigated by numerical means. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Spatial Correlation and Precoding Design in OSTBC MIMO Systems
Björnson, Emil; Eduard, Jorswieck; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2010), 9(11), 3578-3589

The impact of transmission design and spatial correlation on the symbol error rate (SER) is analyzed for multi-antenna communication links. The receiver has perfect channel state information (CSI), while ... [more ▼]

The impact of transmission design and spatial correlation on the symbol error rate (SER) is analyzed for multi-antenna communication links. The receiver has perfect channel state information (CSI), while the transmitter has either statistical or no CSI. The transmission is based on orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBCs) and linear precoding. The precoding strategy that minimizes the worst-case SER is derived for the case when the transmitter has no CSI. Based on this strategy, the intuitive result that spatial correlation degrades the SER performance is proved mathematically. In the case when the transmitter knows the channel statistics, the correlation matrix is assumed to be jointly-correlated (a generalization of the Kronecker model). The eigenvectors of the SER-optimal precoding matrix are shown to originate from the correlation matrix and the remaining power allocation is a convex problem. Equal power allocation is SER-optimal at high SNR. Beamforming is SER-optimal at low SNR, or for increasing constellation sizes, and its optimality range is characterized. A heuristic low-complexity power allocation is proposed and evaluated numerically. Finally, it is proved analytically that receive-side correlation always degrades the SER. Transmit-side correlation will however improve the SER at low to medium SNR, while its impact is negligible at high SNR. [less ▲]

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See detailSignal detection and synchronization for interference overloaded satellite broadcast reception
Grotz, Joel UL; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jens, Krause

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2010), 9(10), 3052-3063

We address fixed satellite broadcast reception with the goal of decreasing the aperture of the receiving antenna. The front-end antenna size is commonly determined by the presence of interference from ... [more ▼]

We address fixed satellite broadcast reception with the goal of decreasing the aperture of the receiving antenna. The front-end antenna size is commonly determined by the presence of interference from adjacent satellites. A small antenna aperture leads to interference from neighboring satellites utilizing the same frequency bands. We propose a reception system with M multiple input elements and with subsequent joint detection of desired and interfering signals that provides reliable communication in the presence of multiple interfering signals. An iterative least squares technique is adopted combining spatial and temporal processing and achieving robustness against pointing errors. Simulation results show how the proposed joint spatial and temporal adapted mechanism outperforms the simple combination of existing techniques under interference overloaded conditions. Also, we demonstrate how to accurately synchronize the signals as part of the detection procedure. The technique is evaluated in a realistic simulation study representing the conditions encountered in a DVB-S2 broadcast scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailCooperative Multicell Precoding : Rate Region Characterization and Distributed Strategies with Instantaneous and Statistical CSI
Björnson, Emil; Randa, Zakhour; David, Gesbert et al

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2010), 58(8), 4298-4310

Base station cooperation is an attractive way of increasing the spectral efficiency in multiantenna communication. By serving each terminal through several base stations in a given area, intercell ... [more ▼]

Base station cooperation is an attractive way of increasing the spectral efficiency in multiantenna communication. By serving each terminal through several base stations in a given area, intercell interference can be coordinated and higher performance achieved, especially for terminals at cell edges. Most previous work in the area has assumed that base stations have common knowledge of both data dedicated to all terminals and full or partial channel state information (CSI) of all links. Herein, we analyze the case of distributed cooperation where each base station has only local CSI, either instantaneous or statistical. In the case of instantaneous CSI, the beamforming vectors that can attain the outer boundary of the achievable rate region are characterized for an arbitrary number of multiantenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers. This characterization only requires local CSI and justifies distributed precoding design based on a novel virtual signal-to-interference noise ratio (SINR) framework, which can handle an arbitrary SNR and achieves the optimal multiplexing gain. The local power allocation between terminals is solved heuristically. Conceptually, analogous results for the achievable rate region characterization and precoding design are derived in the case of local statistical CSI. The benefits of distributed cooperative transmission are illustrated numerically, and it is shown that most of the performance with centralized cooperation can be obtained using only local CSI. [less ▲]

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See detailConvex Optimization-based Beamforming: From Receive to Transmit and Network Designs
Gershman, Alex B.; Sidiropoulos, Nicholas D.; Shahbazpanahi, Shahram et al

in IEEE Signal Processing Magazine (2010), 27(3), 62-75

In this article, an overview of advanced convex optimization approaches to multisensor beamforming is presented, and connections are drawn between different types of optimization-based beamformers that ... [more ▼]

In this article, an overview of advanced convex optimization approaches to multisensor beamforming is presented, and connections are drawn between different types of optimization-based beamformers that apply to a broad class of receive, transmit, and network beamformer design problems. It is demonstrated that convex optimization provides an indispensable set of tools for beamforming, enabling rigorous formulation and effective solution of both long-standing and emerging design problems. [less ▲]

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See detailA Framework for Training-Based Estimation in Arbitrarily Correlated Rician MIMO Channels with Rician Disturbance
Björnson, Emil; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2010), 58(3), 1807-1820

In this paper, we create a framework for training-based channel estimation under different channel and interference statistics. The minimum mean square error (MMSE) estimator for channel matrix estimation ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we create a framework for training-based channel estimation under different channel and interference statistics. The minimum mean square error (MMSE) estimator for channel matrix estimation in Rician fading multi-antenna systems is analyzed, and especially the design of mean square error (MSE) minimizing training sequences. By considering Kronecker-structured systems with a combination of noise and interference and arbitrary training sequence length, we collect and generalize several previous results in the framework. We clarify the conditions for achieving the optimal training sequence structure and show when the spatial training power allocation can be solved explicitly. We also prove that spatial correlation improves the estimation performance and establish how it determines the optimal training sequence length. The analytic results for Kronecker-structured systems are used to derive a heuristic training sequence under general unstructured statistics. The MMSE estimator of the squared Frobenius norm of the channel matrix is also derived and shown to provide far better gain estimates than other approaches. It is shown under which conditions training sequences that minimize the non-convex MSE can be derived explicitly or with low complexity. Numerical examples are used to evaluate the performance of the two estimators for different training sequences and system statistics. We also illustrate how the optimal length of the training sequence often can be shorter than the number of transmit antennas. [less ▲]

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See detailA Limited Feedback Joint Precoding for Amplify-and-Forward Relaying
Huang, Yongming; Yang, Luxi; Bengtsson, Mats et al

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2010), 58(3), 1347-1357

This paper deals with the practical precoding design for a dual hop downlink with multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-and-forward relaying. First, assuming that full channel state information ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the practical precoding design for a dual hop downlink with multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-and-forward relaying. First, assuming that full channel state information (CSI) of the two hop channels is available, a suboptimal dual hop joint precoding scheme, i.e., precoding at both the base station and relay station, is investigated. Based on its structure, a scheme of limited feedback joint precoding using joint codebooks is then proposed, which uses a distributed codeword selection to concurrently choose two joint precoders such that the feedback delay is considerably decreased. Finally, the joint codebook design for the limited feedback joint precoding system is analyzed, and results reveal that independent codebook designs at the base station and relay station using the conventional Grassmannian subspace packing method is able to guarantee that the overall performance of the dual hop joint precoding scheme improves with the size of each of the two codebooks. Simulation results show that the proposed dual hop joint precoding system using distributed codeword selection scheme exhibits a rate or BER performance close to the one using the optimal centralized codeword selection scheme, while having lower computational complexity and shorter feedback delay. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling Angle Spread Autocorrelations and the Impact on Multi-User Diversity Gains
Jalden, Niklas; Zetterberg, Per; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2010 IEEE (2010)

One way of modelling the wireless channel is in a statistical manner, based on a few parameters describing the characteristics of the environment. In most current wireless channel models, these key ... [more ▼]

One way of modelling the wireless channel is in a statistical manner, based on a few parameters describing the characteristics of the environment. In most current wireless channel models, these key parameters are assumed independent between separate links, i.e. on the channels modelling the propagation between one base station and several mobile stations, or one mobile station and several base stations. In practice, dependencies between these wireless channels is expected and as a consequence, system performance evaluations based on models with independent links may be inaccurate. Herein, we consider simulations of a system that depend on the spatial nature of the channel. In particular, we study a system with multi-user scheduling using a single carrier. We investigate the impact of angle spread correlations on multi-user diversity gains using opportunistic scheduling. To facilitate this, a novel method of modelling the angle spread correlations for multi-user system simulations is developed. It is shown that in systems with multiple user scheduling, modelling the angle spread autocorrelation is necessary to obtain reliable system performance results, especially as the number of simultaneous scheduled users increases. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimality Properties and Low-Complexity Solutions to Coordinated Multicell Transmission
Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 2010), 2010 IEEE (2010)

Base station cooperation can theoretically improve the throughput of multicell systems by coordinating interference and serving cell edge terminals through multiple base stations. In practice, the extent ... [more ▼]

Base station cooperation can theoretically improve the throughput of multicell systems by coordinating interference and serving cell edge terminals through multiple base stations. In practice, the extent of cooperation is limited by the increase in backhaul signaling and computational demands. To address these concerns, we propose a novel distributed cooperation structure where each base station has responsibility for the interference towards a set of terminals, while only serving a subset of them with data. Weighted sum rate maximization is considered, and conditions for beamforming optimality and the optimal transmission structure are derived using Lagrange duality theory. This leads to distributed low-complexity transmission strategies, which are evaluated on measured multiantenna channels in a typical urban multicell environment. [less ▲]

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See detailA multiuser downlink system combining limited feedback and channel correlaton information
Huang, Yongming; Yang, Luxi; Bengtsson, Mats et al

in Communications (ICC), 2010 IEEE International Conference on (2010)

We address the problem of combining limited feedback information with long-term channel statistical information in the design of downlink SDMA schemes. A novel combining method is developed to improve the ... [more ▼]

We address the problem of combining limited feedback information with long-term channel statistical information in the design of downlink SDMA schemes. A novel combining method is developed to improve the quality of channel knowledge at the base station. More specifically, a set of novel feedback parameters is proposed and a related method is developed to estimate a representation of the multiuser channel vectors at the base station. This method utilizes the hybrid information by combining instantaneous channel feedback and long-term channel statistics, and is based on a channel phase codebook designed using the generalized Lloyd algorithm. The estimated channel knowledge at the base station can be used for joint design of multiuser precoding and opportunistic scheduling. The advantage of the proposed scheme over existing CSI quantization based SDMA schemes is further confirmed by computer simulations. [less ▲]

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