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See detailInterference alignment for spectral coexistence of heterogeneous networks
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking (2013), 2013(46),

The coexistence of heterogeneous networks within the same spectrum for enhancing the spectrum efficiency has attracted large interest lately in the research community. Furthermore, the research interest ... [more ▼]

The coexistence of heterogeneous networks within the same spectrum for enhancing the spectrum efficiency has attracted large interest lately in the research community. Furthermore, the research interest towards the deployment of small cells and multibeam satellites is increasing due to high capacity, easier deployment and higher energy efficiency. However, due to the scarcity of available spectrum and the requirement of additional spectrum for these systems, small cells need to coexist with macrocells and multibeam satellites need to coexist with monobeam satellites within the same spectrum. In this context, this contribution investigates an underlay spectral coexistence mechanism which exploits an interference alignment (IA) technique in order to mitigate the interference of cognitive transmitters towards the primary receivers in a normal uplink mode. More specifically, three types of IA techniques, namely static, uncoordinated and coordinated are investigated. The performance of the IA technique is evaluated and compared with primary only, resource division and no-mitigation techniques in terms of sum-rate capacity, primary to secondary rate ratio and primary rate protection ratio. It is shown that the coordinated IA technique perfectly protects the primary rate in both terrestrial and satellite coexistence scenarios. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximizing Minimum Throughput Guarantees: The Small Violation Probability Region
Butt, Majid UL; Kapetanovic, Dzevdan UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2013)

Providing minimum throughput guarantees is one of the goals for radio resource allocation schemes. It is difficult to provide these guarantees without defining violation probability due to limited power ... [more ▼]

Providing minimum throughput guarantees is one of the goals for radio resource allocation schemes. It is difficult to provide these guarantees without defining violation probability due to limited power budget and rapidly changing conditions of the wireless channel. For every practical scheduling scheme, there is a feasibility region defined by the minimum guaranteed throughput and the corresponding probability that the users fail to get the guaranteed throughput (violation probability). In this work, we focus on minimizing the violation probability specifically in the small probability region. We compare our results with major schedulers available in literature and show that our scheme outperforms them in the small violation probability region. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiantenna Signal Processing for Cognitive Communications
Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Proceedings of IEEE China Summit and International Conference on Signal and Information Processing (ChinaSIP) 2013 (2013)

Cognitive communications has attracted a large interest during the last decade due to spectrum scarcity. In combination with multiantenna techniques, cognitive communications have the ability to increase ... [more ▼]

Cognitive communications has attracted a large interest during the last decade due to spectrum scarcity. In combination with multiantenna techniques, cognitive communications have the ability to increase spectral efficiency by enabling the coexistence of a primary and secondary systems. In this paper, we focus in two specific cognitive approaches: a) Multiantenna Interference Alignment (IA) and b) Multiantenna Spectrum Sensing (SS). In the first case, we investigate how IA over multiple spatial dimensions can be exploited in order to lower harmful interference towards the primary system into acceptable levels. In the second case, we compare the sensing performance of different eigenvalue-based blind SS techniques. This paper concludes by presenting some interesting open problems in this area. [less ▲]

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See detailCost Sensitive Credit Card Fraud Detection using Bayes Minimum Risk
Correa Bahnsen, Alejandro UL; Stojanovic, Aleksandar UL; Aouada, Djamila UL et al

in 12th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (2013)

Credit card fraud is a growing problem that affects card holders around the world. Fraud detection has been an interesting topic in machine learning. Nevertheless, current state of the art credit card ... [more ▼]

Credit card fraud is a growing problem that affects card holders around the world. Fraud detection has been an interesting topic in machine learning. Nevertheless, current state of the art credit card fraud detection algorithms miss to include the real costs of credit card fraud as a measure to evaluate algorithms. In this paper a new comparison measure that realistically represents the monetary gains and losses due to fraud detection is proposed. Moreover, using the proposed cost measure a cost sensitive method based on Bayes minimum risk is presented. This method is compared with state of the art algorithms and shows improvements up to 23% measured by cost. The results of this paper are based on real life transactional data provided by a large European card processing company. [less ▲]

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See detailUser Scheduling for Coordinated Dual Satellite Systems with Linear Precoding
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in International Communications Conference, Budapest 2013 (2013)

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See detailFull-duplex cooperative cognitive radio with transmit imperfections
Zheng, Gan UL; Krkidis, I.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2013), 5(12), 2498-2511

In multi-relay cooperative systems, the signal at the destination is affected by impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple carrier frequency offsets (MCFOs ... [more ▼]

In multi-relay cooperative systems, the signal at the destination is affected by impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple carrier frequency offsets (MCFOs). In this paper we account for all these impairments and propose a new transceiver structure at the relays and a novel receiver design at the destination in distributed space-time block code (DSTBC) based amplify-and-forward (AF) cooperative networks. The Cramér-Rao lower bounds and a least squares (LS) estimator for the multi-parameter estimation problem are derived. In order to significantly reduce the receiver complexity at the destination, a differential evolution (DE) based estimation algorithm is applied and the initialization and constraints for the convergence of the proposed DE algorithm are investigated. In order to detect the signal from multiple relays in the presence of unknown channels, MTOs, and MCFOs, novel optimal and sub-optimal minimum mean-square error receiver designs at the destination node are proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed estimation and compensation methods achieve full diversity gain in the presence of channel and synchronization impairments in multi-relay AF cooperative networks. [less ▲]

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See detailLinear Precoding in Multibeam SatComs: Practical Constraints
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in ICSSC Conference (2013)

Multiuser precoding of the linear kind is one of the most promising candidate techniques required for managing inter-beam co-channel interference in aggressive frequency re-use multibeam High Throughput ... [more ▼]

Multiuser precoding of the linear kind is one of the most promising candidate techniques required for managing inter-beam co-channel interference in aggressive frequency re-use multibeam High Throughput Satellite (HTS) systems. Although academic research on precoding schemes for broadband interactive satellite communication (SatCom) systems is intensifying, there are a number of practical constraints in current DVB-S2-based HTS systems that may inhibit the application of precoding. These have not been dealt with hitherto in the literature. The present article attempts to list the relevant issues, propose some possible ways forward and present some preliminary simulation results [less ▲]

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See detailHarvest-use cooperative networks with half/full-duplex relaying
Krikidis, I.; Zheng, Gan UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2013 IEEE (2013)

Harvest-use (HU) is an energy harvesting (EH) architecture where the received energy cannot be stored and immediately must be consumed in order to maintain operability. Due to its current limited ... [more ▼]

Harvest-use (HU) is an energy harvesting (EH) architecture where the received energy cannot be stored and immediately must be consumed in order to maintain operability. Due to its current limited application interest, this architecture has not yet been examined in the literature and its deployment to communication system is an open problem. This paper deals with the application of HU architecture to communication systems and investigates cooperative protocols where the relay node has HU capabilities. We show that HU relaying introduces a trade-off between EH time and relaying (data communication) time; this trade-off is discussed for two fundamental relaying policies a) Amplify-and-forward (AF) with half-duplex (HD) relaying and b) AF with full-duplex (FD) relaying. The optimal time split is formulated as an optimization problem and an approximation is given in a closed form. Numerical results show that FD outperforms HD and is introduced as an efficient relaying policy for HU cooperative systems. [less ▲]

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See detailData Aware User Selection in Cognitive Downlink MISO Precoding Systems
Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Proceedings on Signal Processing and Information Technology (2013)

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See detailSecrecy sum-rate for orthogonal random beamforming with opportunistic scheduling
Krikidis, Ioannis; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 2(20), 141-144

In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques that ensure confidentiality by exploiting multi-user diversity are investigated; the first technique (optimal) requires limited feedback of the effective signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) from all the users and the eavesdroppers while the second technique (suboptimal) incorporates SIR knowledge from only the legitimate users. By using extreme value theory, we derive the achievable SIR-based secrecy sum-rate and the associated scaling laws for both scheduling techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailCooperative Communications against Jamming with Half-Duplex and Full-Duplex Relaying
Zheng, Gan UL; Jorswieck, E.A.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2013 IEEE 77th (2013)

This paper studies the impact of jamming on the design of three-node two-hop cooperative amplify-and-forward (AF) communications with both half-duplex and full-duplex relaying. For the half-duplex ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the impact of jamming on the design of three-node two-hop cooperative amplify-and-forward (AF) communications with both half-duplex and full-duplex relaying. For the half-duplex relaying, the jammer is smart such that it can optimally allocate jamming power between listening and forwarding phases. Given separate source and relay power constraints, we derive the optimal jamming power allocation; with a total source and relay power constraint, we model the interaction between the legitimate system and the jammer as a noncooperative game and prove the existence and uniqueness of the Nash Equilibrium (NE). It is found that due to the fact that the end performance is limited by the weaker phase, the legitimate systems tries to balance the performance of two phases while the jammer attacks the system by making the two hops imbalanced. While for the full-duplex relaying, we show that if the self-interference can be properly controlled, it can bring substantial performance gain. Simulation results verify our analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailCost sensitive credit card fraud detection using Bayes minimum risk
Correa Bahnsen, Alejandro UL; Stojanovic, A.; Aouada, Djamila UL et al

in International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, 2013 IEEE 12th (2013)

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See detailSatellite Cognitive Communications and Spectrum Regulation
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Hofmann, Mahulena (Ed.) International Regulations of Space Communications (2013)

Due to rapid increase of wireless users and the popularity of multimedia applications, the demand for wireless spectrum is increasing rapidly. However, due to current static spectrum policy, the available ... [more ▼]

Due to rapid increase of wireless users and the popularity of multimedia applications, the demand for wireless spectrum is increasing rapidly. However, due to current static spectrum policy, the available usable spectrum is becoming scarce while a significant amount of spectrum remains underutilized. In this aspect, cognitive communications can be considered as a promising technology to enhance spectrum usage efficiency by allowing the coexistence of heterogeneous networks within the same spectrum. In this paper, starting with the rationale of cognitive communication, we present two different coexistence scenarios in the context of satellite cognitive communication. We then present the current status of spectrum regulation in the context of Cognitive Radio (CR) and the relevant decisions of World Radio Conference 2012 (WRC-12). Finally, we present the technical aspects and regulatory challenges of this technology and provide some suggestions from research, industrial and regulatory perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailEigenvalue based SNR Estimation for Cognitive Radio in Presence of Channel Correlation
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2013 (2013)

In addition to spectrum sensing capability required by a Cognitive Radio (CR), Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) estimation of the primary signals is crucial in order to adapt its coverage area dynamically ... [more ▼]

In addition to spectrum sensing capability required by a Cognitive Radio (CR), Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) estimation of the primary signals is crucial in order to adapt its coverage area dynamically using underlay techniques. Furthermore, in practical scenarios, the fading channel may be correlated due to various causes such as insufficient scattering in the propagation path and antenna mutual coupling. In this context, we consider the SNR estimation problem for a CR in the presence of channel correlation. We study an eigenvaluebased SNR estimation technique for large-scale CR networks using asymptotic Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We carry out detailed theoretical analysis of the signal plus noise hypothesis to derive the asymptotic eigenvalue probability distribution function (a.e.p.d.f.) of the received signal’s covariance matrix in the presence of the correlated channel. Then an SNR estimation technique based on the derived a.e.p.d.f. is proposed for PU SNR in the presence of channel correlation and its performance is evaluated in terms of normalized Mean Square Error (MSE). It is shown that the PU SNR can be accurately estimated in the presence of channel correlation using the proposed technique even in low SNR region. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-User Detection in Multibeam Mobile Satellite Systems: A Fair Performance Evaluation
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Krause, Jens et al

in Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference, Spring 2013 (2013)

Multi-User Detection (MUD) techniques are currently being examined as promising technologies for the next generation of broadband, interactive, multibeam satellite communication (SatCom) systems. Results ... [more ▼]

Multi-User Detection (MUD) techniques are currently being examined as promising technologies for the next generation of broadband, interactive, multibeam satellite communication (SatCom) systems. Results in the existing literature have shown that when full frequency and polarization reuse is employed and user signals are jointly processed at the gateway, more than threefold gains in terms of spectral efficiency over conventional systems can be obtained. However, the information theoretic results for the capacity of the multibeam satellite channel are given under ideal assumptions, disregarding the implementation constraints of such an approach. Considering a real system implementation, the adoption of full resource reuse is bound to increase the payload complexity and power consumption. Since these novel techniques require extra payload resources, fairness issues in the comparison among the two approaches arise. The present contribution evaluates in a fair manner, the performance of the return link (RL) of a SatCom system serving mobile users that are jointly decoded at the receiver. In this context, the throughput performance of the assumed system is compared to that of a conventional one, under the constraint of equal physical layer resource utilization; thus the comparison can be regarded as fair. Results show, that even when systems operate under the same payload requirements as the conventional systems, a significant gain can be realized, especially in the high SNR region. Finally, existing analytical formulas are also employed to provide closed form descriptions of the performance of clustered systems, thus introducing insights on how the performance scales with respect to the system parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge scale transmit diversity in Q/V band feeder link with multiple gateways
Gharanjik, Ahmad; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Arapoglou et al

in Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2013 IEEE 24th International Symposium on (2013)

Exploiting transmit diversity amid a high number of multiple gateways (GW) is a new research challenge in Q/V band satellite communication providing data rates of hundreds of Gbit/s. In this paper, we ... [more ▼]

Exploiting transmit diversity amid a high number of multiple gateways (GW) is a new research challenge in Q/V band satellite communication providing data rates of hundreds of Gbit/s. In this paper, we propose a practical switching strategy in a scenario with N+P GWs (N active and P redundant GWs) towards achieving GW transmit diversity. Differently from other works, the treatment in this paper is analytical and explores two key factors: outage performance and switching rate in detail. Further, the interplay between the number of redundant and active GWs on the availability is illustrated highlighting the contribution of the work towards system sizing. [less ▲]

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See detailReceive combining vs. multi-stream multiplexing in downlink systems with multi-antenna users
Bjornson, Emil; Bengtsson, M.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2013), 13(61), 3431-3446

In downlink multi-antenna systems with many users, the multiplexing gain is strictly limited by the number of transmit antennas N and the use of these antennas. Assuming that the total number of receive ... [more ▼]

In downlink multi-antenna systems with many users, the multiplexing gain is strictly limited by the number of transmit antennas N and the use of these antennas. Assuming that the total number of receive antennas at the multi-antenna users is much larger than N, the maximal multiplexing gain can be achieved with many different transmission/reception strategies. For example, the excess number of receive antennas can be utilized to schedule users with effective channels that are near-orthogonal, for multi-stream multiplexing to users with well-conditioned channels, and/or to enable interference-aware receive combining. In this paper, we try to answer the question if the N data streams should be divided among few users (many streams per user) or many users (few streams per user, enabling receive combining). Analytic results are derived to show how user selection, spatial correlation, heterogeneous user conditions, and imperfect channel acquisition (quantization or estimation errors) affect the performance when sending the maximal number of streams or one stream per scheduled user-the two extremes in data stream allocation. While contradicting observations on this topic have been reported in prior works, we show that selecting many users and allocating one stream per user (i.e., exploiting receive combining) is the best candidate under realistic conditions. This is explained by the provably stronger resilience towards spatial correlation and the larger benefit from multi-user diversity. This fundamental result has positive implications for the design of downlink systems as it reduces the hardware requirements at the user devices and simplifies the throughput optimization. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of pilot contamination attack using random training and massive MIMO
Kapetanovic, D.; Zheng, Gan UL; Wong et al

in Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2013 IEEE 24th International Symposium on (2013)

Channel estimation attacks can degrade the performance of the legitimate system and facilitate eavesdropping. It is known that pilot contamination can alter the legitimate transmit precoder design and ... [more ▼]

Channel estimation attacks can degrade the performance of the legitimate system and facilitate eavesdropping. It is known that pilot contamination can alter the legitimate transmit precoder design and strengthen the quality of the received signal at the eavesdropper, without being detected. In this paper, we devise a technique which employs random pilots chosen from a known set of phase-shift keying (PSK) symbols to detect pilot contamination. The scheme only requires two training periods without any prior channel knowledge. Our analysis demonstrates that using the proposed technique in a massive MIMO system, the detection probability of pilot contamination attacks can be made arbitrarily close to 1. Simulation results reveal that the proposed technique can significantly increase the detection probability and is robust to noise power as well as the eavesdropper's power. [less ▲]

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See detailMISO interference channel with QoS and RF energy harvesting constraints
Krikidis, I.; Timotheou, S.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Communications (ICC), 2013 IEEE International Conference on (2013)

This paper deals with a multiple-input single-output (MISO) network where the receivers are characterized by both quality-of-service (QoS) and radio-frequency (RF) energy harvesting (EH) constraints. We ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with a multiple-input single-output (MISO) network where the receivers are characterized by both quality-of-service (QoS) and radio-frequency (RF) energy harvesting (EH) constraints. We consider the power splitting RF-EH technique where each receiver divides the received signal into two parts a) the first part for information decoding and b) the second part for battery charging. The minimum required energy that supports both the QoS and the RF-EH constraints at each receiver is formulated by an optimization problem and is discussed for two standard beamforming designs, the zero-forcing (ZF) and the maximum ratio transmission (MRT). The optimal solution for ZF beamforming is derived in closed-form, while optimization algorithms based on second-order cone programming (SOCP) and Linear Programming (LP) are developed for MRT beamforming to solve the problem. Numerical results indicate that MRT significantly outperforms ZF in terms of transmitted power, as the associated cross-interference becomes beneficial from an EH standpoint, while ZF always ensures the existence of a solution for the optimization problem considered. [less ▲]

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See detailMutli-Frame Super-Resolution by Enhanced Shift & Add
Al Ismaeil, Kassem UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in 8th International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis (2013)

A critical step in multi-frame super-resolution is the registration of frames based on their motion. We improve the performance of current state-of-the-art super-resolution techniques by proposing a more ... [more ▼]

A critical step in multi-frame super-resolution is the registration of frames based on their motion. We improve the performance of current state-of-the-art super-resolution techniques by proposing a more robust and accurate registration as early as in the initialization stage of the high resolution estimate. Indeed, we solve the limitations on scale and motion inherent to the classical Shift & Add approach by upsampling the low resolution frames up to the super-resolution factor prior to estimating motion or to median filtering. This is followed by an appropriate selective optimization, leading to an enhanced Shift & Add. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations have been conducted at two levels; the initial estimation and the final optimized super-resolution. Results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms existing state-of-art methods. [less ▲]

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