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See detailTime away from work predicts later cognitive function: Differences by activity during leave
Leist, Anja UL; Glymour, M. Maria; Mackenbach, Johan P. et al

in Annals of Epidemiology (2013), 23

Purpose. We sought to examine how different activities performed during employment gaps are associated with later cognitive function and change. Method. Five cognitive measures were used to indicate ... [more ▼]

Purpose. We sought to examine how different activities performed during employment gaps are associated with later cognitive function and change. Method. Five cognitive measures were used to indicate cognitive impairment of 18,259 respondents to the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (age 50-73) in 2004/5 or 2006/7. Using complete employment histories, employment gaps of six months or more between ages 25 and 65 were identified. Results. Controlling for early-life socioeconomic status, school performance, and education, higher risk of cognitive impairment was associated with employment gaps described as unemployment (Odds Ratio [OR] = 1.18, 95 % Confidence Interval [CI] 1.04, 1.35) and sickness (OR = 1.78, 95 % CI 1.52, 2.09). In contrast, lower risk of cognitive impairment was associated with employment gaps described as training (OR = 0.73, 95 % CI 0.52, 1.01) or maternity (OR = 0.65, 95 % CI 0.57, 0.79). In longitudinal mixed effects models, training and maternity spells were associated with lower two-year aging-related cognitive decline. Discussion. Periods away from work described as unemployment or sickness are associated with lower cognitive function, whereas maternity and training spells are associated with better late-life cognitive function. Both causation and selection mechanisms may explain these findings. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial media use of older adults: a mini-review
Leist, Anja UL

in Gerontology (2013), 59(4), 378-84

Background. Maintaining social relationships has been defined as a core element of aging well. With a considerable amount of older adults living alone, social media provides the possibility to engage in ... [more ▼]

Background. Maintaining social relationships has been defined as a core element of aging well. With a considerable amount of older adults living alone, social media provides the possibility to engage in meaningful social contact, e. g., by joining online social networks and online discussion forums. Objective. The review encompasses current knowledge of prerequisites in social media use of older adults such as functional capacity, ICT-related knowledge, and favorable attitudes towards social media. Then, potential of social media use for clinical practice and possible negative consequences are outlined. Method. Literature on social media use from a gerontological perspective was reviewed in July and August 2012. Results. Online communities are suitable to provide and receive social support when confronted with a difficult life situation, regardless of geographical location or time. From a practitioners’ perspective, social media can be used to advance health-related knowledge such as information on prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of specific conditions and disorders. Further positive consequences have been shown to be overcoming loneliness, relieving stress, and raising feelings of control and self-efficacy. Possible negative consequences could be misuse of personal data as well as the distribution and uncritical adoption of potentially harmful information via online communities. Discussion. The potential of social media in clinical practice is reflected in a wide range of intervention possibilities for older adults. However, with the rise of social media new threats emerge for older adults as well. [less ▲]

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See detailHumor types show different patterns of self-regulation, self-esteem, and well-being
Leist, Anja UL; Müller, Daniela

in Journal of Happiness Studies (2013), 14(2), 551-569

Humor styles have been found to be associated with well-being, however, no study has addressed the distinct well-being associations of combinations of humor styles, that is, humor types, yet. The present ... [more ▼]

Humor styles have been found to be associated with well-being, however, no study has addressed the distinct well-being associations of combinations of humor styles, that is, humor types, yet. The present study thus aimed at investigating which combinations of humor styles exist and to which extent these humor types are associated with well-being. In an online questionnaire, the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ, Martin et al. J Res Pers 37:48–75, 2003), self-regulatory strategies, self-esteem, and well-being instruments were administered to a German sample. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses replicated the underlying structure of the HSQ. With hierarchical clustering, we found evidence for three humor types (endorsers, humor deniers, and self-enhancers), which differed in group means for self-esteem, self-regulatory strategies, and well-being. Findings provide further evidence for the positive well-being correlates of self-enhancing humor, and distinctly address the positive correlates of aggressive and self-defeating humor being absent. It is discussed that humor styles cannot be conceptualized as beneficial or detrimental per se, but have to be regarded in context. [less ▲]

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See detailReinvigorating the ageing process
Leist, Anja UL

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailSozioökonomische Unterschiede in Gesundheit der über 50-Jährigen in Europa – Niedriger elterlicher sozioökonomischer Status und kindliche Gesundheit als Risikofaktoren?
Leist, Anja UL; Mackenbach, Johan P.

in Vögele, Claus (Ed.) 11. Kongress der Fachgruppe Gesundheitspsychologie. Selbstregulation und Gesundheit. Abstractband des Kongresses. (2013)

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See detailSocial media use in old age: User profiles, effects, best practices
Leist, Anja UL; Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Gerontologist (2012), 52(S1), 563-564

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See detailV2me: Evaluating the first steps in mobile friendship coaching
Muuraiskangas, Salla; Leist, Anja UL; Braun, Andreas et al

in Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, in press (2012), 4(6), 517-534

Life events, such as retirement or being widowed, can change the social circle of older people considerably. It may be difficult to find new social contacts when one has never got used to, or perhaps even ... [more ▼]

Life events, such as retirement or being widowed, can change the social circle of older people considerably. It may be difficult to find new social contacts when one has never got used to, or perhaps even never learnt, to seek and maintain those contacts. Loneliness has many negative effects for well-being, including depression and even cardiovascular disease. The Ambient Assisted Living Joint Programme (AAL-JP) research project V2me seeks to find a solution for alleviating loneliness by means of easy-to-use technology including touch screen devices. The idea is to use a virtual coach for encouraging users to take an active role in contacting people and teaching them how to initiate and maintain meaningful and enduring relations. The first step, in the process of creating the complete virtual coach-assisted system for preventing loneliness, is to create a prototype and use the feedback from older users for developing the system. In this paper we discuss the results of the first pilot and what steps need to be taken next. [less ▲]

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See detailType and duration of working-life non-employment spells predict cognitive function in old age
Leist, Anja UL; Avendano, Mauricio; van Lenthe, Frank J. et al

in Gerontologist (2012), 52(S1), 676-677

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See detailHistory of working-life non-employment spells predicts later cognitive function in middle- and older-aged Europeans
Leist, Anja UL; Avendano, M.; van Lenthe, F. J. et al

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27(S1), 79-79

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See detailSubjektive Ressourcen und Defizite in der Pflege des Ehepartners mit Demenz (Subjective resources and deficits in spousal dementia caregiving)
Leist, Anja UL; Kaiser-Hylla, Catherine; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Verhaltenstherapie (2011, September), 21(S1), 14-14

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See detailAlleviating loneliness in old age with an ICT-based social enrichment programme
Leist, Anja UL; Michels, Tom UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2011, August)

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See detailHealth, well-being, and general life situation of older adults in Luxembourg. Research report
Leist, Anja UL

Book published by University of Luxembourg (2011)

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See detailTechnology and aging: Inhibiting and facilitating factors in ICT use
Leist, Anja UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Wichert, Reiner; Van Laerhoven, Kristof; Gelissen, Jean (Eds.) Constructing Ambient Intelligence: AmI 2011 Workshops. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, November 2011. Revised Selected Papers (2011)

Extending a literature review, the paper gives an overview of inhibiting and facilitating factors associated with the use of information and communications technology (ICT) of older adults. The paper ... [more ▼]

Extending a literature review, the paper gives an overview of inhibiting and facilitating factors associated with the use of information and communications technology (ICT) of older adults. The paper takes the position that there is no prototypical “elderly user” but that there is a wide heterogeneity of personal characteristics such as cognitive and motivational states and experiences in old age. Dependent upon various characteristics of the elderly user as well as the context of application, development and implementation of ICT should follow the desideratum of a differential technology implementation taking an integrative approach by reconciling individual and social as well as socio-political approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailUser requirements in ICT-based social media use: Acceptance of a virtual coach
Leist, Anja UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Klauss, Kerstin et al

Scientific Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (0 UL)