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See detailÉlaboration et validation d`un questionnaire d`attitudes en éducation: considérations épistémologiques et métrologiques
Valois, Pierre UL; Houssemand, Claude UL; De Leeuw, Astrid UL

in Lopez Mottier, Lucie; Figari, Gérard (Eds.) Modélisations de l'évaluation en éducation. Modélisations de l'évaluation en éducation. Questionnements épistémologiques. (2012)

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See detailConative Approach to Creativity: Interaction of Psychoticism and Ego-strength
Kirsch, Christiane UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2012, July)

Our study targets the empirical validation of the correlation surface of psychopathology and ego-strength (Eysenck, 1995). The sample comprises 37 middle aged adults from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (20 ... [more ▼]

Our study targets the empirical validation of the correlation surface of psychopathology and ego-strength (Eysenck, 1995). The sample comprises 37 middle aged adults from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (20 women, 17 men, MAge = 41.03, SD = 7.23, age range: 29-55 years). Established hypotheses could not be verified and results even significantly tend in the opposite direction. The findings are discussed in the light of an eventual revision of the theoretical conception of Eysenck and its potential adaptation to the measured constructs. [less ▲]

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See detailMultivariate Approach to Creativity: Cognition and Personality
Kirsch, Christiane UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2012, June)

Our study is founded on a multivariate approach to creativity. We analyze cognitive and personality variables in relationship to creative potential. The sample consists of 37 middle aged adults from the ... [more ▼]

Our study is founded on a multivariate approach to creativity. We analyze cognitive and personality variables in relationship to creative potential. The sample consists of 37 middle aged adults from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (20 women, 17 men, MAge = 41.03, SD = 7.23, age range: 29-55 years). Whereas ego-strength is positively related to creative potential, it is negatively related to psychoticism. We argue that in a population of academics psychoticism is not an essential condition for creative potential. It is rather the other side of the same coin. Ego-strength is some kind of moderator variable that determines which feature will be uncovered. We conceive that this ensues in three different forms of creativity. The first one relies on mental strength and emotional stability; the second one on emotional vulnerability and finally the third one arises from a confluence of both features. [less ▲]

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See detailCombattre le décrochage au Luxembourg à l'interface de l'école, de la famille et du marché de l'emploi : l'Action Locale pour Jeunes
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL

in Gilles, Jean-Luc; Potvin, Pierre; Tièche Christinat, Chantal (Eds.) Les alliances éducatives pour lutter contre le décrochage scolaire (2012)

Ce chapitre présente une étude portant sur l’Action Locale pour Jeunes (ALJ), un organisme luxembourgeois ayant pour but d’encadrer les adolescents et les jeunes adultes qui sont en transition de l’école ... [more ▼]

Ce chapitre présente une étude portant sur l’Action Locale pour Jeunes (ALJ), un organisme luxembourgeois ayant pour but d’encadrer les adolescents et les jeunes adultes qui sont en transition de l’école à la vie active ou qui changent d’emploi et veulent s’informer sur des questions relatives aux formations et aux professions. Pour comprendre le fonctionnement de l’ALJ et les difficultés rencontrées, une enquête auprès de tous les acteurs concernés par l'intervention de cet organisme dans le cadre du décrochage scolaire a été réalisée. Il apparait qu'il est opportun d'avoir un organisme positionné à l'extériorité par rapport aux principales institutions concernées, à savoir l'école, l'entreprise et la famille et qui, par sa position, est en mesure de percevoir et comprendre tous les points de vue concernant le problème du décrochage. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude sur la résolution extrajudiciaire des litiges de consommation au Luxembourg
Meyers, Raymond UL; Ben Mrad, Fathi; Houssemand, Claude UL

Report (2012)

Depuis plus d'une décennie nous assistons dans le domaine de la consommation à un regain d'intérêt à l'égard des règlements extrajudiciaires des litiges (REL). Ces derniers doivent aussi être articulés à ... [more ▼]

Depuis plus d'une décennie nous assistons dans le domaine de la consommation à un regain d'intérêt à l'égard des règlements extrajudiciaires des litiges (REL). Ces derniers doivent aussi être articulés à la préoccupation du législateur européen qui entend s’appuyer sur eux pour développer une plateforme européenne de règlement en ligne des litiges (RLL). Au Luxembourg, des dispositifs se sont également mis en place, certains plus anciennement, d'autres plus récemment. Une enquête par entretiens semi-directifs a été menée auprès des neuf dispositifs de ce type existant actuellement, dont cinq sont notifiés à la Commission européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailPredicting the itentions to buy fair-trade products: the role of attitude, social norm, perceived behavioral control, and moral norm
De Leeuw, Astrid UL; Valois, Pierre UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development (2011), 2(10), 77-84

The current study examined to what extent attitude, social norm, and perceived behavioral control explain students’ intentions to buy fair-trade products. Moreover, it was explored whether the addition of ... [more ▼]

The current study examined to what extent attitude, social norm, and perceived behavioral control explain students’ intentions to buy fair-trade products. Moreover, it was explored whether the addition of moral norm to these three factors permitted the better prediction of the intentions in question. Questionnaire data was collected from 192 students of the University of Luxemburg. The results of structural equation analyses revealed that attitude and perceived behavioral control explained 61% of the variance in intention. The addition of the moral norm construct increased the explained variance of intention from 61% to 73%. These results suggest that to encourage students to buy fair-trade products, applied social psychologists or educational institutions should create programs that develop their perceived control over the behavior, for instance, by offering the products in their canteens as well as in their food and drink dispensers. In addition, they should insist on the advantages of fair-trade consumerism to favor the development of a positive attitude. Finally, they should emphasize the moral correctness of the behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailRigidity of attitudes and behaviors: a study on the validity of the concept
Steinmetz, Jean-Paul UL; Loarer, Even; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Individual Differences Research (2011), 9(2), 84-106

The present study provides validity estimates of the concept of rigidity. More specifically, the authors address the question whether the theoretical concept of rigidity adequately represents everyday ... [more ▼]

The present study provides validity estimates of the concept of rigidity. More specifically, the authors address the question whether the theoretical concept of rigidity adequately represents everyday behavioral patterns. Using multitrait-multimethod analyses and confirmatory factor analyses with self-ratings and other-ratings, the authors empirically examine whether and to what extent rigidity is related to other personality constructs (personal need for structure, cognitive flexibility, openness to experience, conscientiousness). A correlated traitcorrelated uniqueness model fitted the data most adequately. Rigidity demonstrates medium and large positive relationships with the concepts of conscientiousness and personal need for structure, respectively. Additionally, substantial negative relationships are found with cognitive flexibility and openness to experience. Given the present results, it is concluded that rigidity is represented in the present study by measures which demonstrate adequate validities, suggesting that the construct of rigidity amply represents everyday behavior. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 165 (7 UL)
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See detailWhat about Inhibition in the Winsconsin Card Sorting Test?
Steinmetz, Jean-Paul UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in The Clinical Neuropsychologist (2011), 25(4), 652-669

The commercially available Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is one of the most commonly used tests for assessing executive functions within clinical settings. Importantly, however, it remains relatively ... [more ▼]

The commercially available Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is one of the most commonly used tests for assessing executive functions within clinical settings. Importantly, however, it remains relatively unclear exactly what processes are assessed by the test. Conceptually, increased perseverative errors in sorting cards are usually related to deficient inhibition processes. Empirically, evidence supporting this conclusion is limited. In a sample of 38 healthy adults we addressed the question to what extent inhibition mechanisms assessed by the go/no-go and the stop-signal paradigm are related to WCST performances. Inhibition-related scores were found to predict non-perseverative errors better than perseverative errors. Consequently we conclude that the non-perseverative errors score reflects processes that are partly dependent on inhibition functions. [less ▲]

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See detailAn open source tool to verify the psychometric properties of an evaluation instrument
Valois, Pierre UL; Houssemand, Claude UL; Germain, Stéphane et al

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2011, February), 15

Professionals of education are constantly developing new instruments of evaluation. Even though the use of all sorts of evaluation tools increased during the last decades, it is often difficult for ... [more ▼]

Professionals of education are constantly developing new instruments of evaluation. Even though the use of all sorts of evaluation tools increased during the last decades, it is often difficult for teachers to verify the qualities of their instruments. To provide a solution to this problem, we have developed a free, user-friendly Excel add-in (EIRT), based on Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory. Item analyses are performed without the requirement of being a computer expert. The objective of this paper is to present this new item analysis program aimed to verify the psychometric properties of an evaluation tool. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (2 UL)
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See detailUnemployment and mental health in a favorable labor market
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL

in International Journal of Psychology (2011), 46(5), 377-385

Labour market variables may moderate the link between unemployment and mental health, as has been found in numerous research papers. The aim of this study was to test, in the context of a very favorable ... [more ▼]

Labour market variables may moderate the link between unemployment and mental health, as has been found in numerous research papers. The aim of this study was to test, in the context of a very favorable labor market, (1) the detrimental effect of unemployment on mental health and (2) the predictive validity of mental health on further employment status. The population of the study comprised 384 newly registered unemployed persons. Mental health was assessed through four variables: self-esteem, psychological distress, perceived stress, and depressive symptoms. The results did not confirm previous studies. Using analyses of variance for repeated measures and linear regression, a negative change of mental health was not found after 6 and 12 months’ unemployment, and the four measurements of mental health at registration did not predict employment status 6 and 12 months later. Results are discussed in terms of moderating variables that capture Luxembourg labor market specificities. [less ▲]

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See detailTeachers' perceptions of school drop-out in Luxembourg
Meyers, Raymond UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2011), 15

Semi-structured interviews were used with teachers in secondary vocational education in Luxembourg to find perceived causes of dropping out. Answers were grouped into four categories: perceived causes ... [more ▼]

Semi-structured interviews were used with teachers in secondary vocational education in Luxembourg to find perceived causes of dropping out. Answers were grouped into four categories: perceived causes related to students, family, peers and school. Problems linked to educational and vocational guidance were highlighted. Specific characteristics of the Luxembourgish educational system (high proportion of immigrants, over-emphasis on foreign language education, lack of coordination between guidance services, insufficient work placement opportunities and school traps) were found to be perceived as related to dropping out. The views expressed provide useful insights and intervention options. [less ▲]

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See detailIncomplete Psychometric Equivalence of Scores Obtained on the Manual and the Computer Version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test?
Steinmetz, Jean-Paul UL; Brunner, Martin; Loarer, Even et al

in Psychological Assessment (2010), 22(1), 199-202

The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) assesses executive and frontal lobe function and can be administered manually or by computer. Despite the widespread application of the 2 versions, the psychometric ... [more ▼]

The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) assesses executive and frontal lobe function and can be administered manually or by computer. Despite the widespread application of the 2 versions, the psychometric equivalence of their scores has rarely been evaluated and only a limited set of criteria has been considered. The present experimental study (N 100 healthy adults) therefore examined the psychometric equivalence of 4 scores (i.e., Total Correct, Percentage of Errors, Perseverative Errors, and Failure-to-Maintain-Set) obtained on the 2 versions of the WCST in terms of 4 key criteria identified within the framework of classical test theory. The results showed considerable differences in variances, small to modest parallel-forms reliability coefficients, and small to modest temporal stability coefficients. Taken together, our results suggest that scores on the manual version and the computer version of the WCST show incomplete psychometric equivalence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 146 (0 UL)
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See detailEquivalence de l’épreuve papier et informatisée du Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
Steinmetz, Jean-Paul UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in de Ribaupierre, Anik; Ghisletta, Paolo; Lecerf, Thierry (Eds.) et al Identité et spécificité de la psychologie différentielle (2010)

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See detailProfil différentiel des chômeurs à risque au Luxembourg
Meyers, Raymond UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in de Ribaupierre, Anik; Ghisletta, Paolo; Lecerf, Thierry (Eds.) et al Identité et spécificités de la psychologie différentielle (2010)

L'objectif de la présente étude est de déterminer le poids respectif de différents facteurs socioprofessionnels et psychologiques dans la sortie du chômage. Un suivi longitudinal de 384 chômeurs ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de la présente étude est de déterminer le poids respectif de différents facteurs socioprofessionnels et psychologiques dans la sortie du chômage. Un suivi longitudinal de 384 chômeurs nouvellement inscrits dans les Services Publics de l'Emploi (SPE) et n'ayant aucun passé de chômage a été réalisé durant un an. Au début de la période, une prise de données a été réalisée par un questionnaire informatisé pour mesurer les variables socioprofessionnelles et psychologiques. Ces données ont été confrontées aux informations sur le statut d'emploi des sujets 6 et 12 mois plus tard. [less ▲]

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See detailSocioprofessional and psychological variables that predict job finding
Meyers, Raymond UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in European Review of Applied Psychology (2010), 60(3), 201-219

The predictive power of socioprofessional and psychological variables on job finding was investigated with a cohort of 384 unemployed people in Luxembourg. The aimwas to assess whether, in statistical ... [more ▼]

The predictive power of socioprofessional and psychological variables on job finding was investigated with a cohort of 384 unemployed people in Luxembourg. The aimwas to assess whether, in statistical profiling, some psychological variables have incremental validity over and above the more commonly used socioprofessional dimensions. For the period from 0 to 6 months and the period from 0 to 12 months, socioprofessional variables measured at the beginning of the unemployment period, allowed classification of three quarters of the subjects. Adding significant psychological dimensions did not improve the prediction in either case. Further analysis was done on persons still unemployed at 6 months (i.e. those who found it more difficult to find a job). For the period from 6 to 12 months, age and sex allowed correct classification of 62.6% of the subjects. Adding five psychological variables (openness, self-efficacy, social anxiety, symptom reduction coping, intelligence) significantly improves this percentage by 12.1 points. In the proposed model, psychological factors therefore only play a role in job finding for unemployed people who have more difficulty in finding a job. Results are discussed in terms of labour market mechanisms. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 215 (8 UL)
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See detailElaboration d’un test de Raisonnement Général sur Contenus Divers (RGCD) utilisable dans le contexte scolaire au Luxembourg
Hamtiaux, Armanda UL; Houssemand, Claude UL; Martin, Romain UL

in de Ribaupierre, Anik; Ghisletta, Paolo; Roulin, Jean-Luc (Eds.) Identité et spécificités de la psychologie différentielle (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (1 UL)
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See detailLes risques de devenir chômeur de longue durée
Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2009, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)