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See detailEffect of peer versus family support on the life satisfaction of Luxemburgish Adolescents
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Scientific Conference (2018)

Life satisfaction in youth increases with social support and decreases with age. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases while with family decreases. This ... [more ▼]

Life satisfaction in youth increases with social support and decreases with age. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases while with family decreases. This study aims to investigate the mediating effects of family and peer support in the life satisfaction of Luxemburgish adolescents. Methods: The most recent HBSC Luxembourg survey took place in 2014. A total of 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old responded to a questionnaire including the Cantril ladder (1965) to access life satisfaction, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) measuring both peer and family support, as well as socio-demographic questions. Findings: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicates the negative effect of age on life satisfaction being partially mediated by family support, but not peer support, despite the strong correlation between both kinds of social support. This is especially true for girls, although their life satisfaction and peer support are lower when compared to boys, the difference regarding family support is not significant. Discussion: Although peer and family support are highly correlated variables, only the latter influences adolescents’ life satisfaction, decreasing the impact of age. As adolescence is a period of transition, the opposite results were expected, with peers being more important with age. Keeping a satisfactory relationship with family seems to play an important role in their life satisfaction. More studies should explore both complimentary kinds of social support. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailL'effet médiateur de la satisfaction de vie sur les plaintes de santé des adolescents au Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Scientific Conference (2018)

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. L’objectif de cette communication est de rendre ... [more ▼]

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. L’objectif de cette communication est de rendre compte de l’impact de la satisfaction de vie sur la santé des adolescents du Luxembourg. Méthode : Pour l’enquête HBSC 2014, la cohorte luxembourgeoise a été menée dans les écoles suivant le curriculum national pendant l’année scolaire 2013 / 2014. Au total, 7 757 élèves âgés de 11 à 18 ans, de 590 classes sélectionnées aléatoirement, ont répondu à un questionnaire en français / allemand distribué par leurs professeurs. Ce questionnaire été composé, entre autre, de l’HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) pour évaluer les plaintes de santé, de l’échelle de Cantril (1965) pour mesurer la satisfaction de vie, ainsi que de questions sociodémographiques. Résultats : Une régression linéaire par étapes met en avance, en premier lieu, l’effet direct du sexe et de l’âge sur les plaintes de santé : les filles rapportent plus de problèmes de santé que les garçons et les plaintes de santé perçus augmentent avec l’âge. De plus, la satisfaction de vie semble aussi avoir un effet sur les plaintes de santé, dès que cette variable est insérée dans le modèle, l’impact de l’âge et genre diminuent, même s’ils continuent significatifs, ce qui indique une médiation partielle. Conclusion : Ces résultats corroborent les tendances retrouvés dans d’autres pays participants de l’enquête HBSC qui montrent aussi l’impact de l’âge et sexe sur les plaintes de santé perçus. De plus, ces données suggèrent que la satisfaction de vie peut être une clé pour diminuer les nombres des problèmes de santé perçus par les adolescents luxembourgeois. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa satisfaction de vie des adolescents au Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Poster (2018)

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. La satisfaction de vie est un concept central ... [more ▼]

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. La satisfaction de vie est un concept central dans l’évaluation du bien-être. Ainsi, l’objectif de la présente publication est de rendre compte de la satisfaction de vie des adolescents du Luxembourg, ainsi que d’identifier les tendances selon le sexe et l’âge. Méthode : Pour l’enquête HBSC 2014, la cohorte luxembourgeoise a été menée dans les écoles suivant le curriculum national pendant l’année scolaire 2013 / 2014. Au total, 7 757 élèves âgés de 11 à 18 ans, de 590 classes sélectionnées aléatoirement, ont participé à l’enquête. Leurs professeurs ont distribué un questionnaire en français / allemand composé, entre autres, de l’échelle de Cantril (1965) pour évaluer la satisfaction de vie et de questions sociodémographiques. Résultats : L'analyse des résultats montre une corrélation significative négative entre la satisfaction de vie et l’âge, les plus âgés ayant donc une moins bonne satisfaction de vie. Lorsque les analyses ont été faites séparément selon le sexe, ces tendances diffèrent. En ce que concerne les filles, les corrélations sont plus fortes. Par contre, pour les garçons, les liens sont moins importants. Dans les deux cas, les corrélations restent significatives. Des comparaisons de moyennes entre les sexes dans les différentes tranches d’âge indiquent aussi une satisfaction de vie plus élevé chez les garçons que les filles. Conclusion : Ces résultats suggèrent que la satisfaction de vie pendant l’adolescence diminue avec l’âge et que les garçons sont plus satisfaits de leur vie que les filles. Ces données corroborent les tendances retrouvés dans d’autres pays participants de l’enquête HBSC, ainsi que la littérature sur le sujet. Des analyses plus fines doivent être faites dans cette cohorte en prenant en considération ces différences. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSuicidal Ideation – Trends and risk groups in Luxembourg
van Duin, Claire UL; Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Background: Suicide is a main cause of death among young people worldwide and adolescence is the period with the highest risk of developing suicidal ideation. Objective(s): Trends of suicidal ideation ... [more ▼]

Background: Suicide is a main cause of death among young people worldwide and adolescence is the period with the highest risk of developing suicidal ideation. Objective(s): Trends of suicidal ideation over time and identification of groups at risk in Luxembourg. Method: Secondary school students were asked the questions from the Optional Package “Suicidal ideation and behaviour” in the Luxembourgish HBSC survey 2006 (N = 6581), 2010 (N = 7192), and 2014 (N = 5599). Data were analysed using SPSS complex samples and logistic regressions. Results: 15.9% of the students considered suicide in 2006, 12.7% in 2010 and 15.2% in 2014. Girls were more likely to consider suicide than boys. Family affluence, family structure, schooltype, age, bullying and other variables predicted suicidal ideation and behaviour, too. Conclusions: Despite a decrease of considered suicide in 2010, suicidal ideation and behaviour did not change between 2006 and 2014. Thus, prevention programmes are important. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (6 UL)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailSubjective Health Complaints in Adolescence - Validity of the HBSC Symptom Checklist in Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Poster (2018)

The HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) consists on an eight-item scale developed for the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey to measure adolescent health complaints. Although it was developed ... [more ▼]

The HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) consists on an eight-item scale developed for the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey to measure adolescent health complaints. Although it was developed based on a RASCH measurement analysis which proved that the items are indicators of a unidimensional latent trait, some studies suggests a two highly correlated dimensions. The objective of this study is to test the validity of the Luxembourgish version of the HBSC-SCL. Methods: The 2014 HBSC Luxembourg survey took place during the 2013/14 school year. A total of 590 classes following the national curriculum were randomly selected and 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old responded to the questionnaire translated to both French and German distributed by their teachers. Findings: First, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin criterion and the Bartlett sphericity test indicated the use of a factor analysis (KMO=.88; p<.001). A Principal Component Analysis with Varimax Rotation (with the Eigenvalues over 1) and a scree plot test suggests a one factor matrix with a total variance explained of 47%. Discussion: Factor analysis support the existence of a single factor for the Luxemburgish population in accordance with the preliminary model developed. Literature have mixed results, with the possibility to compute one or two health complaints scores. More studies should confirm these findings but as the internal consistency possibly depends on the country studied, it is recommended this be systematically checked. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (10 UL)
See detailHealth Behaviour in School-aged Children - Studienergebnisse der HBSC-Erhebung 2014
Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, December 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailZugangsbarrieren im Gesundheitssystem - Ein Ländervergleich
Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, December 08)

In der international vergleichenden Forschung zu Gesundheitssystemen spielt der Zugang zu Gesundheitsleistungen eine zentrale Rolle. Entsprechende Typologien klassifizieren Gesundheitssysteme u.a. danach ... [more ▼]

In der international vergleichenden Forschung zu Gesundheitssystemen spielt der Zugang zu Gesundheitsleistungen eine zentrale Rolle. Entsprechende Typologien klassifizieren Gesundheitssysteme u.a. danach, ob Patienten Zuzahlungen leisten müssen, ob sie sich bei Hausärzten einschreiben müssen und nach welchen Regeln sie einen Facharzt konsultieren können (z.B. Reibling 2010, Wendt 2009, Böhm et al 2013). In der Typologie von Wendt gehört Österreich zum „Health service provision-oriented type“, der fast der gesamten Bevölkerung einen einfachen Zugang zu Gesundheitsleistungen bei geringen Zuzahlungen und freier Arztwahl ermöglicht (2009). Diese Typologien basieren jedoch auf den gesetzlichen Zugangsregeln in einem Land, nicht auf den subjektiven Erfahrungen der Bevölkerung mit Zugangsbarrieren. Im aktuellen European Social Survey (ESS) wurde nach diesen Barrieren gefragt: Haben Befragte medizinische Behandlungen nicht bekommen und was waren die Gründe (z.B. Kosten, Behandlung nicht erhältlich, Warteliste zu lang)? Der Vortrag stellt die Ergebnisse des ESS vor und geht auf folgende Fragen ein: • Wie häufig stoßen Kranke in Österreich und in anderen europäischen Ländern auf Zugangsbarrieren? • Welche Personen in Österreich sind besonders von Zugangsbarrieren betroffen? Die vorläufigen Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass es durchaus nennenswerte Zugangsbarrieren im Gesundheitssystem Österreichs gibt und dass ohnehin benachteiligte Personen häufiger als andere auf Zugangsbarrieren stoßen. Für die wissenschaftliche Theorie stellt sich die Frage, ob die gängigen Typologien von Gesundheitssystemen um die subjektiven Erfahrungen ergänzt werden müssen. Für die Praxis stellt sich die Frage, wie schädlich Zugangsbarrieren sind und wie sie abgebaut werden können. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (1 UL)
See detailSozialbericht Esch sur Alzette
Heinz, Andreas UL; Dahmen, Clarissa UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

Report (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 126 (12 UL)
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See detailGesundheitsbeschwerden von Schülern in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Residori, Caroline UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (21 UL)
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See detailDie allgemeine Lebenszufriedenheit von Schülern in Luxemburg
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Residori, Caroline UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (16 UL)
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See detailÜbergewicht bei Schülern in Luxemburg
Residori, Caroline UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (14 UL)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailDas Ansehen der Ärzteschaft in Europa - Ein Ländervergleich
Heinz, Andreas UL; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL

in Das Gesundheitswesen (2017), 79

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the ... [more ▼]

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the treatment and to put their interests before their own interests. This paper examines how the population of Europe assesses doctors in this respect and whether there are countries where the assessments are similar. Methods: In the "International Social Survey Programme - ISSP" the population in 32 countries was asked to assess the doctors in their respective countries. For this paper, data of 27,772 respondents from 18 European countries were analysed. The respondents were asked to rate 5 statements about doctors on a 5-point scale, with 1 indicating a positive assessment and 5 indicating a negative assessment. For each country, the mean values for the statements were calculated and grouped using cluster analysis to identify countries with similar assessments. Results: "Doctors can be trusted" is the statement with the highest approval across all countries, with means ranging from 2.0 in Denmark to 2.7 in Russia. In most countries, the means of the following statements were close to each other: "Doctors discuss all treatment options with their patients", "The medical skills of doctors are as good as they should be", and "Doctors do not care more about their earnings than about their patients." In almost all countries, respondents were particularly skeptical about the statement "Doctors would tell their patients if they had made a mistake during treatment". Four clusters were identified, but there was no cluster that rated among the best for all five statements. With regard to trust, the discussion of treatment options and the pursuit of self-serving interests, doctors in Germany were not rated particularly well or particularly badly. In Germany, the population was more likely to think that doctors would not inform their patients about mistakes during the treatment. Conclusions: Trust in doctors seems to reflect the general level of trust in a country. The question arises why trust in doctors is high across countries if the respondents are much more skeptical regarding the other statements. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 124 (10 UL)
See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Presentation (2017, June 19)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼]

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (4 UL)
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See detailDoes relative and subjective family affluence influence overweight, body image and weight reduction behaviour of adolescents in Luxembourg?
Residori, Caroline UL; Willems, Helmut UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, June 19)

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very ... [more ▼]

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very varied across countries. Empirical findings about the influences of socio-economic status (SES) on these health behaviours and outcomes differ depending on the measurement of SES used. Considering alternative conceptualisations of SES (measuring absolute, relative or subjective dimensions) is therefore advocated when analysing health inequalities in countries with high levels of overall affluence. As a country with high overall affluence and growing inequalities, Luxembourg allows for a further exploration of socio-economic inequalities in dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in affluent contexts. The analysis aims to identify the relation between socio-economic inequalities and the dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in Luxembourg. Data relating to family affluence, perceived wealth, dietary behaviour and BMI was gathered from 11 to 18 year-old pupils (n= 7233) using the HBSC questionnaire in the context of the 2014 HBSC wave in Luxembourg and is analysed using multiple logistic regression. The results indicate that there are different patterns of association of absolute, relative and subjective affluence with dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people aged between 11 and 18 in Luxembourg. While weight outcomes are socially stratified by all aspects of family affluence, after adjustment for overweight body image is associated to subjective family affluence and weight reduction behaviour is associated to absolute and relative family affluence. The results thus confirm a differentiated association of different aspects of SES to dietary behaviour and weight outcomes and confirm, that health inequalities between health outcomes or behaviours are linked to different processes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (9 UL)
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See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼]

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 166 (5 UL)
See detailA demolinguistic and sociolinguistic approach to English in Luxembourg
Fehlen, Fernand UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

Presentation (2017, June 09)

Luxembourg’s steadily growing economy attracts many migrants from all over the globe. As a result, the country’s trilingualism is being replaced by a more complex multilingualism with a growing importance ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg’s steadily growing economy attracts many migrants from all over the globe. As a result, the country’s trilingualism is being replaced by a more complex multilingualism with a growing importance of English. The paper gives a quick overview of the historic evolution based on sociolinguistic surveys of 1984, 1997 and 2008, followed by an in-depth description of today’s situation based on two language related questions of the Luxembourgish census 2011: Which language do you know the best? Which languages do you speak on a regular basis at home, at school and at work? The census data tell how many people use English in different contexts and who these people are. The focus will be on the language situation at work. A correspondence analysis reveals strong correlations between languages and occupations reflecting a split of the labour market: English dominates in high skilled jobs in the private sector, whereas Portuguese is the main language in low skilled jobs in the private sector, and Luxembourgish is the main language in the public sector. French and German are used more evenly across all occupations and sectors. These results highlight the link between the use of languages and competing social positions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 102 (4 UL)