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See detailLuST: a 24-hour Scenario of Luxembourg City for SUMO Traffic simulations
Codeca, Lara UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Engel, Thomas UL

Presentation (2015, May 07)

Various vehicular communities ranging from telecommunication to infrastructure are working on problems related to traffic congestion, intelligent transportation systems, and mobility patterns using ... [more ▼]

Various vehicular communities ranging from telecommunication to infrastructure are working on problems related to traffic congestion, intelligent transportation systems, and mobility patterns using information collected from a variety of sensors. In order to test the solutions, the first step is to use a vehicular traffic simulator and an appropriate scenario. Many mobility simulators are available, but a common problem is finding a realistic traffic scenario. The aim of this work is to provide a scenario able to meet all the common requirements in terms of size, realism and duration, in order to have a common basis for the evaluations. In the interest of building a realistic scenario, we decided to start from a real city with a standard topology common in mid-size European cities, and real information concerning traffic demands and mobility patterns. In this paper we show the process used to build the Luxembourg SUMO Traffic (LuST) Scenario, and present a summary of its characteristics together with an overview of its possible uses. [less ▲]

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See detailDemo: Using Wearables to Learn from Human Dynamics
Faye, Sébastien UL; Frank, Raphaël UL

in Proceedings of the 13th Annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services (MobiSys '15) (2015, May)

Recent technological advances have allowed the development of miniaturized sensors and the emergence of a wide range of connected objects. Whether it's smartphones or in the broader sense wearables, the ... [more ▼]

Recent technological advances have allowed the development of miniaturized sensors and the emergence of a wide range of connected objects. Whether it's smartphones or in the broader sense wearables, the diversity of these devices and their accessibility opens up new fields for applications in the computer sciences. Smartwatches, which are experiencing a boom on the market, will be integral to the research that will shape the Internet in the years to come, namely big data, sensing systems and human behavior. Our demonstration falls within this context and aims to demonstrate the potential of these emerging technologies to respond to problems and to way of thinking introduced by industry and the scientific community, which are generally limited to smartphone sensing frameworks. Further, we plan to present our research platform, SWIPE, which is dedicated to collecting, studying and learning about human dynamics by means of an ecosystem of wearables. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of Population Mobility Anomalies in Senegal from Base Station Profiles
Melakessou, Foued UL; Derrmann, Thierry UL; Frank, Raphaël UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, April 08)

The analysis of Call Detail Records has captured the attention of traffic and transportation researchers to optimize people's mobility. In our work, we would like to analyze Call Detail Records in order ... [more ▼]

The analysis of Call Detail Records has captured the attention of traffic and transportation researchers to optimize people's mobility. In our work, we would like to analyze Call Detail Records in order to extract realistic human mobility models adapted to the Senegal use case. In this paper, we describe our analysis of the available D4D datasets. The first contribution is the modeling of the daily traffic demand profile of each antenna, by considering voice and short message services. The evaluation of mobility models will help to better design and develop future infrastructures in order to better support the actual demand. A classification has been performed into urban, suburban and rural modes. An algorithm has been developed to detect traffic anomalies in 2013, based on the daily profiles. The second contribution corresponds to the generation of inter-antennas and inter-arrondissements mobility graphs for each month of 2013. [less ▲]

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See detailA Cell Dwell Time Model for Synthetic Population Generation from Call Detail Records
Derrmann, Thierry UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Melakessou, Foued UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, April 08)

In this work we propose a novel Cell Dwell Time Model that can be used to generate a synthetic population. We introduce two new metrics to define the attractivity of cell sites based on global and ... [more ▼]

In this work we propose a novel Cell Dwell Time Model that can be used to generate a synthetic population. We introduce two new metrics to define the attractivity of cell sites based on global and individual parameters obtained via the analysis of the Data For Development (D4D) Call Detail Records (CDR). We rely on the shortest path road network to interconnect two distant cell sites. The resulting dwell time model can be used to compute accurate user trajectories even with partial information. This work represents a first step towards the generation of a synthetic population that can be used to perform a wide range of simulative studies to evaluate and optimize transportation networks. [less ▲]

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See detailEnabling vehicular mobility in city-wide IEEE 802.11 networks through predictive handovers
Mouton, Maximilien; Castignani, German; Frank, Raphaël UL et al

in Vehicular Communications (2015), 2(2), 59-69

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See detailDriver Behavior Profiling Using Smartphones: A Low-Cost Platform for Driver Monitoring
Castignani, German UL; Derrmann, Thierry UL; Frank, Raphaël UL et al

in Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE (2015), 7(1), 91-102

Today's smartphones and mobile devices typically embed advanced motion sensors. Due to their increasing market penetration, there is a potential for the development of distributed sensing platforms. In ... [more ▼]

Today's smartphones and mobile devices typically embed advanced motion sensors. Due to their increasing market penetration, there is a potential for the development of distributed sensing platforms. In particular, over the last few years there has been an increasing interest in monitoring vehicles and driving data, aiming to identify risky driving maneuvers and to improve driver efficiency. Such a driver profiling system can be useful in fleet management, insurance premium adjustment, fuel consumption optimization or CO2 emission reduction. In this paper, we analyze how smartphone sensors can be used to identify driving maneuvers and propose SenseFleet, a driver profile platform that is able to detect risky driving events independently from the mobile device and vehicle. A fuzzy system is used to compute a score for the different drivers using real-time context information like route topology or weather conditions. To validate our platform, we present an evaluation study considering multiple drivers along a predefined path. The results show that our platform is able to accurately detect risky driving events and provide a representative score for each individual driver. [less ▲]

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See detailDemo: A Recommendation Based Driver Assistance System to Mitigate Vehicular Traffic Shock Waves
Frank, Raphaël UL; Forster, Markus UL

in 2014 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC) (2014, December)

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See detailBluetooth Low Energy for Inter-Vehicular Communications
Bronzi, Walter UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Castignani, German UL et al

in 2014 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC) (2014, December)

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is quickly and steadily gaining importance for a wide range of applications. In this paper we investigate the potential of BLE in a vehicular context. By means of experiments ... [more ▼]

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is quickly and steadily gaining importance for a wide range of applications. In this paper we investigate the potential of BLE in a vehicular context. By means of experiments, we first evaluate the characteristics of the wireless channel, then we define a set of driving scenarios to analyze how BLE is affected by varying speed, distance and traffic conditions. We that found the maximum communication range between two devices can go beyond 100 meters and that a robust connection can be achieved up to a distance of 50 meters even for varying traffic and driving conditions. Next, we present a proof-of-concept mobile application for off-the-shelf smartphones that can be used to transmit data over multiple hops. Finally we discuss the advantages and limitations of BLE for Inter-Vehicular Communications (IVC) and propose potential applications. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Event-Driven Inter-Vehicle Communication Protocol to Attenuate Vehicular Shock Waves
Forster, Markus UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Engel, Thomas UL

in International Conference on Connected Vehicles and Expo (2014, November)

In this paper we investigate an event-driven Inter-Vehicle Communication protocol to mitigate shock waves in dense traffic situation. From previous work we know that flooding or frequent beaconing require ... [more ▼]

In this paper we investigate an event-driven Inter-Vehicle Communication protocol to mitigate shock waves in dense traffic situation. From previous work we know that flooding or frequent beaconing require excessive network resources. To overcome this limitation we focus on an efficient message exchange mechanism requiring as few network resources as possible, while still providing timely and accurate traffic information. We designed Density Redistribution through Intelligent Velocity Estimation (DRIVE), an event-driven Inter-Vehicle Communication protocol that learns about traffic conditions ahead and recommends optimal velocities in order to prevent the formation of vehicular shock waves. We demonstrate that our approach of reacting in case of traffic fluctuations leads to significant improvements in overall traffic flow. Furthermore we show that even a low number of equipped vehicles is sufficient to achieve this target. [less ▲]

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See detailTraffic Routing in Urban Environments: the Impact of Partial Information
Codeca, Lara UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Engel, Thomas UL

in Proceedings of 17th Internatonal IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2014, October)

There are many studies concerning the problem of traffic congestion in cities. One of the best accepted solutions to relieving congestion involves optimization of resources already available, by means of ... [more ▼]

There are many studies concerning the problem of traffic congestion in cities. One of the best accepted solutions to relieving congestion involves optimization of resources already available, by means of balancing traffic flows to minimize travel delays. To achieve this optimization, it is necessary to collect and process Floating Car Data (FCD) from vehicles. In this paper we evaluate the repercussions of partial information on the overall traffic view, and consequently on the outcome of the optimization. Our study focuses on the role of the user participation rate and the availability of Road Side Units to collect the FCD. By means of simulation we quantify the impact of partially-available information on the computation of route optimization, and how it impedes traffic flows. Our results show that even minor uncertainties can significantly impact routing strategies and lead to deterioration in the overall traffic situation. [less ▲]

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See detailBluetooth Low Energy: An Alternative Technology for VANET Applications
Frank, Raphaël UL; Bronzi, Walter UL; Castignani, German UL et al

in Proceedings of the 11th IEEE/IFIP Annual Conference on Wireless On-demand Network Systems and Services (2014, April)

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See detailImproving Traffic in Urban Environments
Codeca, Lara UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Engel, Thomas UL

Report (2014)

The vehicular traffic in the cities is increasing every year. The road infrastructure in many metropolitan areas is not able to sustain the rush-hour traffic demand and the extension of the road network ... [more ▼]

The vehicular traffic in the cities is increasing every year. The road infrastructure in many metropolitan areas is not able to sustain the rush-hour traffic demand and the extension of the road network cannot easily be done. There are some solution proposed to improve the traffic situation, among them, the optimization of the resources already available by means of collecting real time Floating Car Data (FCD) from the vehicles and use them to suggest dynamic routes in order to minimize travel delays. The centralized infrastructure able to achieve this goal has already been presented in ”Improving Traffic in Urban Environments applying the Wardrop Equilibrium” (Codeca, L. et al., 2013). In this extended abstract we present the decentralized version of the system and the preliminary results of its evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailCollaborative Traffic Sensing: A Case Study of a Mobile Phone Based Traffic Management System
Frank, Raphaël UL; Weitz, Hervé UL; Castignani, German UL et al

in Proceedings of the 11th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC'14) (2014, January 10)

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See detailA Cooperative Advanced Driver Assistance System to Mitigate Vehicular Traffic Shock Waves
Forster, Markus UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Gerla, Mario et al

in IEEE INFOCOM 2014 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (2014)

We address the problem of shock wave formation in uncoordinated highway traffic. First, we identify the combination of heavy traffic and small traffic perturbations or unexpected driver actions as the ... [more ▼]

We address the problem of shock wave formation in uncoordinated highway traffic. First, we identify the combination of heavy traffic and small traffic perturbations or unexpected driver actions as the main causes of highway traffic jams. Then we introduce a novel distributed communication protocol that enables us to eliminate upstream shock wave formation even with low system penetration rates. Based on traffic information ahead, we propose a Cooperative Advanced Driver Assistance System (CADAS) that recommends non-intuitive velocity reductions in order to redistribute traffic more uniformly thereby eliminating traffic peaks. Simulation results show that CADAS significantly increases the average velocity and therewith reduces the overall travel time and avoids unnecessary slowdowns. [less ▲]

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See detailA novel Eco-Driving Application to Reduce Energy Consumption of Electric Vehicles
Frank, Raphaël UL; Castignani, German UL; Schmitz, Raoul et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Connected Vehicles & Expo (ICCVE 2013) (2013, December)

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See detailA Study of Urban IEEE 802.11 Hotspot Networks: Towards a Community Access Network
Castignani, German UL; Monetti, Juan; Montavont, Nicolas et al

in A Study of Urban IEEE 802.11 Hotspot Networks: Towards a Community Access Network (2013, November 13)

With the increasing demand for faster data connectivity, different wireless technologies have been deployed in the last decade, creating a heterogeneous wireless environment. Such wireless diversity is ... [more ▼]

With the increasing demand for faster data connectivity, different wireless technologies have been deployed in the last decade, creating a heterogeneous wireless environment. Such wireless diversity is mainly composed of 2G/3G/4G cellular base stations, IEEE 802.11 hotspots and Community Networks. Previous work suggests that the increasing popularity of IEEE 802.11 networks would mitigate the overloading of current operator-based cellular deployments. However, the unpredictable characteristics of IEEE 802.11 deployments and its loose coupling to cellular architectures limit its user performance in terms of throughput and mobility capacity. In this paper, we describe an evaluation study of a commercial-grade hotspot network in the city of Luxembourg, namely HOTCITY. Through a set of experiments, we provide a characterization of the hotspot network and give a set of performance indicators. Finally, we evaluate hotspot networks' potential to support cellular offloading through the integration of outdoor hotspots and private access points deployed indoors in a single Community Network. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving Traffic in Urban Environments applying the Wardrop Equilibrium
Codeca, Lara UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Engel, Thomas UL

in Improving Traffic in Urban Environments applying the Wardrop Equilibrium (2013, October 07)

Over the last few years vehicular traffic density has continuously increased and it is likely that the traffic demand will further increase in the future. In many metropolitan areas the road ... [more ▼]

Over the last few years vehicular traffic density has continuously increased and it is likely that the traffic demand will further increase in the future. In many metropolitan areas the road infrastructure is no longer able to handle the peak traffic demand and the existing road network cannot be easily extended. The best way to improve the traffic situation is to optimise the resources available in the transportation network and to coordinate the traffic demand. The approach that we propose in this paper makes use of a collaborative traffic coordination protocol which collects real-time Floating Car Data (FCD) directly from participating vehicles and suggests dynamic routes in order to minimize travel delay. Information such as speed, position and direction is sent to one or more Traffic Coordination Points (TCPs) where it is aggregated to obtain a global picture of the traffic conditions in real-time. Based on this data, we continuously compute the route that minimizes the travel time to a given destination by applying Wardrop’s first principle of equilibrium. Our results show that, by coordinating the vehicles, we are able to better distribute the overall traffic demand throughout the transportation network, reducing the average travel times and accommodating more vehicles. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Evaluation Study of Driver Profiling Fuzzy Algorithms using Smartphones
Castignani, German UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Engel, Thomas UL

in An Evaluation Study of Driver Profiling Fuzzy Algorithms using Smartphones (2013, October)

Profiling driving behavior has become a relevant aspect in fleet management, automotive insurance and eco-driving. Detecting inefficient or aggressive drivers can help reducing fleet degradation ... [more ▼]

Profiling driving behavior has become a relevant aspect in fleet management, automotive insurance and eco-driving. Detecting inefficient or aggressive drivers can help reducing fleet degradation, insurance policy cost and fuel consumption. In this paper, we present a Fuzzy-Logic based driver scoring mechanism that uses smartphone sensing data, including accelerometers and GPS. In order to evaluate the proposed mechanism, we have collected traces from a testbed consisting in 20 vehicles equipped with an Android sensing application we have developed to this end. The results show that the proposed sensing variables using smartphones can be merged to provide each driver with a single score. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 197 (6 UL)