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See detailAttitudes to Income Inequality: Experimental and Survey Evidence
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew E.

in Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. (Eds.) Handbook of Income Distribution (2015)

We review the findings in surveys and experiments from the literature on attitudes to income inequality. We interpret the latter as any disparity in incomes between individuals. We classify these ... [more ▼]

We review the findings in surveys and experiments from the literature on attitudes to income inequality. We interpret the latter as any disparity in incomes between individuals. We classify these contributions into two broad groups of individual attitudes to income distribution in a society: the normative and the comparative view. The first can be thought of as the individual's disinterested evaluation of income inequality; on the contrary, the second view reflects self-interest, as individual’s inequality attitudes depend not only on how much income they receive but also on how much they receive compared to others. We conclude with a number of extensions, outstanding issues and suggestions for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth Insurance: Economic and Risk Aspects
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Ghislandi, Simone

in Wright, James (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition (2015)

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See detailMeasuring social polarization with ordinal and categorical data
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Permanyer, Inaki

in Journal of Public Economic Theory (2015), 17

We examine the measurement of social polarization with categorical and ordinal data. This is particularly useful in many contexts where cardinal data are not available. The new measures we propose are ... [more ▼]

We examine the measurement of social polarization with categorical and ordinal data. This is particularly useful in many contexts where cardinal data are not available. The new measures we propose are characterized axiomatically. We partition the society into groups on the basis of salient social characteristics, such as race and ethnicity, and we take into account the extent to which these groups are clustered in certain regions of an attribute’s distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowing up during a financial crisis: The effect of family financial distress on child development
Barazzetta, Marta UL; Clark, Andrew E.; D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL

in SOLIDAR (Ed.) Progressive Structural Reforms. Proposals for European reforms to reduce inequalities and promote jobs, growth and social investment (2015)

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See detailPoverty Profiles and Well-Being: Panel Evidence from Germany
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew; Ghislandi, Simone

in Research on Economic Inequality (2015), 23

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on the role of time. We use panel data on 49,000 individuals living in Germany from 1992 to 2012 to uncover three ... [more ▼]

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on the role of time. We use panel data on 49,000 individuals living in Germany from 1992 to 2012 to uncover three empirical relationships. First, life satisfaction falls with both the incidence and intensity of contemporaneous poverty. Second, poverty scars: those who have been poor in the past report lower life satisfaction today, even when out of poverty. Last, the order of poverty spells matters: for a given number of years in poverty, satisfaction is lower when the years are linked together. As such, poverty persistence reduces well-being. These effects differ by population subgroups. [less ▲]

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See detailDeprivation and Social Exclusion in Europe
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bellani, Luna

in Michalos, A.C (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (2014)

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See detailProximity-sensitive individual deprivation measures
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter

in Economics Letters (2014), 122

We propose and characterize a generalization of the classical linear index of individual deprivation based on income shortfalls. Unlike the original measure, our class allows for increases in the income ... [more ▼]

We propose and characterize a generalization of the classical linear index of individual deprivation based on income shortfalls. Unlike the original measure, our class allows for increases in the income of a higher-income individual to have a stronger impact on a person’s deprivation the closer they occur to the income of the individual whose deprivation is being assessed. The subclass of our measures with this property is axiomatized in our second result. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Distribution of Economic Insecurity: Italy and the USA over the Great Recession
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Rohde, Nicholas

in Review of Income and Wealth (2014), 60(S1), 33-52

We estimate the distribution of economic insecurity in Italy and the USA using data from 1994 to 2010. Economic insecurity for each individual is assumed to depend on both current wealth and the changes ... [more ▼]

We estimate the distribution of economic insecurity in Italy and the USA using data from 1994 to 2010. Economic insecurity for each individual is assumed to depend on both current wealth and the changes in wealth that have been experienced in the past. The first element plays the role of the buffer stock that can be relied on in the case of an adverse future event. The second element reflects the individual's confidence in his ability to overcome any losses in the future. With respect to this second element, experiences in the recent past are given greater weight than experiences that occurred in the more distant past. The results confirm that the great recession has had a dramatic effect on the distribution of economic insecurity in both countries with the effect being much stronger in the USA. [less ▲]

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See detailRichness Orderings
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bose, Arup; Chakravarty, Satya

in Journal of Economic Inequality (2014), 12

An index of richness in a society is a measure of the extent of its affluence. This paper presents an analytical discussion on several indices of richness and their properties. It also develops criteria ... [more ▼]

An index of richness in a society is a measure of the extent of its affluence. This paper presents an analytical discussion on several indices of richness and their properties. It also develops criteria for ordering alternative distributions of income in terms of their richness. Given a line of richness, an income level above which a person is regarded as rich, and depending on the redistributive principle, it is shown that the ranking relation can be implemented by seeking dominance with respect to the generalized Lorenz curve of the rich or the affluence pro file of the society. When the line of richness is assumed to be variable, we need to employ the stochastic dominance conditions for ordering the income distributions. [less ▲]

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See detailIntertemporal Material Deprivation
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Ceriani, Lidia et al

in Betti, Gianni; Lemmi, Achille (Eds.) Poverty and Social Exclusion (2014)

Individual well-being is multidimensional and various aspects of the quality of life need to be jointly considered in its measurement. The literature on the subject has proposed many indices of ... [more ▼]

Individual well-being is multidimensional and various aspects of the quality of life need to be jointly considered in its measurement. The literature on the subject has proposed many indices of multidimensional poverty and deprivation and explored the properties that are at the basis of these measures. The purpose of this chapter is to add intertemporal considerations to the analysis of material deprivation. We employ the EU-SILC panel data set, which includes information on different aspects of well-being over time. EU countries are compared based on measures that take this additional intertemporal information into consideration. If we follow the path of material deprivation experienced by each individual over time we obtain a picture which differs from the annual results. Since the measurement of material deprivation is used by the EU member states and the European Commission to monitor national and EU progress in the fight against poverty and social exclusion, our results suggest that time cannot be neglected. Countries should not only be compared based on their year by year results but additional information is gained by following individuals over time and producing an aggregate measure once time is taken into account. [less ▲]

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See detailA Family of Unit Consistent Multidimensional Poverty Indices
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya

in Bresson, Florent; Berenger, Valerie (Eds.) Poverty and Social Exclusion Around the Mediterranean Sea (2013)

This paper characterizes a family of subgroup decomposable unit consistent multidimensional poverty indices. Unit consistency requires that poverty rankings should remain unaltered when dimensions are ... [more ▼]

This paper characterizes a family of subgroup decomposable unit consistent multidimensional poverty indices. Unit consistency requires that poverty rankings should remain unaltered when dimensions are expressed in different measurement units. The characterized family is a simple generalization of a family of unit consistent income poverty index suggested by Zheng (2007a). [less ▲]

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See detailAn Axiomatic Approach to the Measurementof Poverty Reduction Failure
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya

in Economic Modelling (2013), 35

A poverty reduction failure index is a measure of the extent of inability of a society to reduce its poverty level. This paper develops an ordering for ranking alternative income distributions in terms of ... [more ▼]

A poverty reduction failure index is a measure of the extent of inability of a society to reduce its poverty level. This paper develops an ordering for ranking alternative income distributions in terms of poverty reduction failures. The ordering can be easily implemented using the generalized Lorenz or the Three I’s of poverty (TIP) curve dominance criterion. We also characterize an existing index of poverty reduction failure using an axiomatic structure. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Economic Insecurity
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter

in International Economic Review (2013), 54

We provide an axiomatic treatment of the measurement of economic insecurity, assuming that individual insecurity depends on the current wealth level and its variations experienced in the past. The first ... [more ▼]

We provide an axiomatic treatment of the measurement of economic insecurity, assuming that individual insecurity depends on the current wealth level and its variations experienced in the past. The first component plays the role of a buffer stock to rely on in case of an adverse future event. The second component determines the confidence an individual has on her ability to overcome a loss in the future. Two classes of linear measures are characterized with sets of plausible and intuitive axioms and, for each of these classes, an important subclass is identified. [less ▲]

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See detailRegion of Residence and Equality of Opportunity in Health: a Note on the Italian Case
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Gigliarano, Chiara

in Rivista Italiana degli Economisti (2013), 18

The Italian health care system is managed mainly at the regional level. For this reason health care may diff er depending on region of residence. The aim of this note is to take a rigorous ex-ante ... [more ▼]

The Italian health care system is managed mainly at the regional level. For this reason health care may diff er depending on region of residence. The aim of this note is to take a rigorous ex-ante approach and test for equality of health opportunities as opposed to health outcomes, which are the ex-post results. We perform non-parametric tests to evaluate if the probability of reaching the same health status di ffers by region of residence, after controlling for other influential factors such as age, gender and income. The results underline that the geographical distribution of opportunities in health is unequal, and therefore, that regional differences in outcomes are more likely to be expected. [less ▲]

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See detailMultidimensional Poverty and Material Deprivation with Discrete Data
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Chakravarty, Satya

in Review of Income and Wealth (2013), 59

We propose a characterization of a popular index of multidimensional poverty which, as a special case, generates a measure of material deprivation. This index is the weighted sum of the functioning ... [more ▼]

We propose a characterization of a popular index of multidimensional poverty which, as a special case, generates a measure of material deprivation. This index is the weighted sum of the functioning failures. The important feature of the variables that may be relevant for poverty assessments is that they are discrete in nature. Thus, poverty measures based on continuous variables are not suitable in this setting and the assumption of a discrete domain is mandatory. We apply the measure to European Union member states where the concept of material deprivation was initiated and illustrate how its recommendations differ from those obtained from poverty measures based exclusively on income considerations. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic Insecurity and Individual Well-Being
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL

in Keio Economic Studies (2012), 48

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See detailIndividual Well-Being in a Dynamic Perspective
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Frick, Joachim

in Economica (2012), 79

We explore the determinants of individual wellbeing as measured by self-reported levels of satisfaction with income and life. Making use of the German Socio-Economic Panel, we provide empirical evidence ... [more ▼]

We explore the determinants of individual wellbeing as measured by self-reported levels of satisfaction with income and life. Making use of the German Socio-Economic Panel, we provide empirical evidence for wellbeing depending on absolute and relative income levels in a dynamic framework where status and signal effects play a role. This finding holds after controlling for other factors in a multivariate setting. The main novelty is the consideration of dynamic aspects: the individual’s own history and the relative income performance with respect to other society members play major roles in the assessment of individual wellbeing. [less ▲]

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See detailPoverty and Time
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Chakravarty, Satya

in Journal of Economic Inequality (2012), 10

We examine the measurement of individual poverty in an intertemporal context. Our aim is to capture the importance of persistence in a state of poverty and we characterize a corresponding individual ... [more ▼]

We examine the measurement of individual poverty in an intertemporal context. Our aim is to capture the importance of persistence in a state of poverty and we characterize a corresponding individual intertemporal poverty measure. Our first axiom requires that intertemporal poverty is identical to static poverty in the degenerate single-period case. The remaining two properties express decomposability requirements within poverty spells and across spells in order to reflect the persistence issue. In addition, we axiomatize an aggregation procedure to obtain an intertemporal poverty measure for societies and we illustrate our new index with an application to EU countries. [less ▲]

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See detailDeprivation, Social Exclusion and Subjective Well-Being
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bellani, Luna

in Social Indicators Research (2011), 104

This paper aims at investigating empirically the relationship between self-declared satisfaction with life and an individual’s well-being as measured by the indices of deprivation and social exclusion ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at investigating empirically the relationship between self-declared satisfaction with life and an individual’s well-being as measured by the indices of deprivation and social exclusion proposed in the income distribution literature. Results on European countries show that life satisfaction decreases with an increase in deprivation and exclusion after controlling for individual’s income, relative income and other influential factors in a multivariate setting. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Distribution of Wealth in the United States from 1983 to 2004: Inequality and Polarization
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Fiaschi, Davide; Wolff, Edward

in Gonzales, Jason (Ed.) Economics of Wealth in the 21st Century (2011)

Recent work has documented a rising degree of wealth inequality in the United States between 1983 and 2004. In this paper, we compare the increase in the spread of the distribution with another dimension ... [more ▼]

Recent work has documented a rising degree of wealth inequality in the United States between 1983 and 2004. In this paper, we compare the increase in the spread of the distribution with another dimension, polarization. Using alternative approaches proposed in the literature, we examine whether a similar pattern exists with regard to trends in wealth polarization over this period. Perhaps, our most notable finding is the huge increase in wealth polarization that occurred in the U.S. from 1983 to 2004, particularly from 1998 to 2004. In contrast, the Gini coefficient shows an increase in wealth inequality from 1983 to 1989 and little change thereafter. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 209 (4 UL)