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A variational formulation of dissipative quasicontinuum methods ; Beex, Lars ; et al in International Journal of Solids and Structures (2016), 102-103 Lattice systems and discrete networks with dissipative interactions are successfully employed as meso-scale models of heterogeneous solids. As the application scale generally is much larger than that of ... [more ▼] Lattice systems and discrete networks with dissipative interactions are successfully employed as meso-scale models of heterogeneous solids. As the application scale generally is much larger than that of the discrete links, physically relevant simulations are computationally expensive. The QuasiContinuum (QC) method is a multiscale approach that reduces the computational cost of direct numerical simulations by fully resolving complex phenomena only in regions of interest while coarsening elsewhere. In previous work (Beex et al., J. Mech. Phys. Solids 64, 154-169, 2014), the originally conservative QC methodology was generalized to a virtual-power-based QC approach that includes local dissipative mechanisms. In this contribution, the virtual-power-based QC method is reformulated from a variational point of view, by employing the energy-based variational framework for rate-independent processes (Mielke and Roub cek, Rate-Independent Systems: Theory and Application, Springer-Verlag, 2015). By construction it is shown that the QC method with dissipative interactions can be expressed as a minimization problem of a properly built energy potential, providing solutions equivalent to those of the virtual-power-based QC formulation. The theoretical considerations are demonstrated on three simple examples. For them we verify energy consistency, quantify relative errors in energies, and discuss errors in internal variables obtained for different meshes and two summation rules. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 128 (8 UL)Vibration of functionally graded material plates with cutouts & cracks in thermal environment ; ; Bordas, Stéphane in Key Engineering Materials (2013), 560 In this paper, the effect of a centrally located cutout (circular and elliptical) and cracks emanating from the cutout on the free flexural vibration behaviour of functionally graded material plates in ... [more ▼] In this paper, the effect of a centrally located cutout (circular and elliptical) and cracks emanating from the cutout on the free flexural vibration behaviour of functionally graded material plates in thermal environment is studied. The discontinuity surface is represented independent of the mesh by exploiting the partition of unity method framework. A Heaviside function is used to capture the jump in the displacement across the discontinuity surface and asymptotic branch functions are used to capture the singularity around the crack tip. An enriched shear flexible 4-noded quadrilateral element is used for the spatial discretization. The properties are assumed to vary only in the thickness direction. The effective properties of the functionally graded material are estimated using the Mori-Tanaka homogenization scheme and the plate kinematics is based on the first order shear deformation theory. The influence of the plate geometry, the geometry of the cutout, the crack length, the thermal gradient and the boundary conditions on the free flexural vibration is numerically studied. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 285 (5 UL)Vicinity Resource Cartography for Delay-Tolerant Networks: a Holistic Perspective Sandulescu, Gabriel ; Schaffer, Peter ; Nadjm-Tehrani, Simin in 2010 IFIP W IRELESS D AYS (2010) In this paper we propose a distributed algorithm allowing nodes in delay-tolerant networks to construct vicinity resource maps based on past encounters. Our algorithm estimates the availability of the ... [more ▼] In this paper we propose a distributed algorithm allowing nodes in delay-tolerant networks to construct vicinity resource maps based on past encounters. Our algorithm estimates the availability of the following resources: energy, buffer space, and bandwidth. We then show how a store-carry-forward scheme may benefit from having access to these resource estimates. While knowledge about resources available in the vicinity allows nodes to implement meaningful custodian election strategies, an evaluation of available bandwidth and contact time allows them to carry out adaptive queue management strategies. Thus, such strategies can be approached from a holistic perspective based on the availability of the three resources under consideration in node proximity.We validate our model separately in time-varying and space-varying environments. In addition to synthetic mobility models (random waypoint) we validate our resource estimation in a disaster area mobility model (using Bonn motion traces). We show that by using this information a routing protocol may dramatically improve its delivery rate and energy overhead while keeping delivery latency almost constant. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 95 (0 UL)Virtual and smoothed finite elements: A connection and its application to polygonal/polyhedral finite element methods ; Bordas, Stéphane ; in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2015), 104(13), 1173-1199 We show both theoretically and numerically a connection between the smoothed finite element method (SFEM) and the virtual element method and use this approach to derive stable, cheap and optimally ... [more ▼] We show both theoretically and numerically a connection between the smoothed finite element method (SFEM) and the virtual element method and use this approach to derive stable, cheap and optimally convergent polyhedral FEM.We show that the stiffness matrix computed with one subcell SFEM is identical to the consistency term of the virtual element method, irrespective of the topology of the element, as long as the shape functions vary linearly on the boundary. Using this connection, we propose a new stable approach to strain smoothing for polygonal/polyhedral elements where, instead of using sub-triangulations, we are able to use one single polygonal/polyhedral subcell for each element while maintaining stability. For a similar number of degrees of freedom, the proposed approach is more accurate than the conventional SFEM with triangular subcells. The time to compute the stiffness matrix scales with the O.dof s/1:1 in case of the conventional polygonal FEM, while it scales as O.dof s/0:7 in the proposed approach. The accuracy and the convergence properties of the SFEM are studied with a few benchmark problems in 2D and 3D linear elasticity. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 102 (2 UL)Virtual Coach Reaches Out To Me Aleksic, Gabrijela Conference given outside the academic context (2013) Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)Virtual Coach Reaches Out To Me Aleksic, Gabrijela Conference given outside the academic context (2013) Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)The virtual node polygonal element method for nonlinear thermal analysis with application to hybrid laser welding ; ; et al in International Journal of Heat & Mass Transfer (2013), 67 The nonlinear heat transfer process occurring during hybrid laser welding was simulated using the Virtual-node Polygonal Element (VPE) method within the framework of the Finite Element Method (FEM). To ... [more ▼] The nonlinear heat transfer process occurring during hybrid laser welding was simulated using the Virtual-node Polygonal Element (VPE) method within the framework of the Finite Element Method (FEM). To achieve robustness in large-scale welding simulations, a dynamic mesh refinement with quadtree and octree data structures was used in the welding region. Accuracy, convergence and efficiency were verified by solving two and three dimensional problems. It is found that the present VPE can successfully simulate the hybrid laser welding process with good accuracy and convergence. The adaptive refined mesh box can synchronously move with the welding heat source, which dramatically reduces the number of field nodes. Compared with the standard FEM,the VPEM requires only approximately 42% of the total degrees of freedom used in standard FEM for the same accuracy. Furthermore, we compare the computational cost and accuracy of the method to that of the finite element method, the edge based virtual node polygonal element/virtual node method, the edge-based Smoothed Point Interpolation Meshless Method (ES-PIM), the edge-based Element (ES-PIM) the Element Free Galerkin (EFG) method and the Meshless Local Petrove-Galerkin Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) method. Compared to all those methods, the proposed scheme is found competitive in terms of computational cost versus accuracy, and benefit from a simple implementation. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 461 (8 UL)Virtual-power-based quasicontinuum methods for discrete dissipative materials Beex, Lars Scientific Conference (2016, June) In this presentation, the formulation of the virtual-power-based QC framework will be outlined for an elastoplastic truss lattice. Subsequently, the framework is applied to an actual discrete material. Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 UL)Virtual-power-based quasicontinuum methods for discrete dissipative materials Beex, Lars ; Bordas, Stéphane Scientific Conference (2016, June) Detailed reference viewed: 74 (2 UL)Visualizing Computer-Based Activity on Ambient Displays to Reduce Sedentary Behavior at Work ; ; et al in 32ND AUSTRALIAN CONFERENCE ON HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION (2020) Workplace health interventions have predominantly been designed around visualizations of physical activity data in the work routine. Yet, contextual factors, such as computer-based activity, appears to be ... [more ▼] Workplace health interventions have predominantly been designed around visualizations of physical activity data in the work routine. Yet, contextual factors, such as computer-based activity, appears to be crucial to support healthier behaviors at work. In this research, we explore the effect of visualizing computer-based activity to prompt physical activity at work, through desktop-based ambient displays. Based on our prototypes Yamin and Apphia, we conducted an exploratory qualitative user study in a lab setting with office workers (N=16). Results showed that visualizing one’s computer-based activity could potentially increase the awareness, self-reflection, and social interactions for individuals to become physically active. With our findings, we discuss design implications for using computer activity data in a physical form as a motivational factor to encourage physically active workstyles. We present directions for future field studies to gain further insights on this topic. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 UL)Viviane Reding on her action in the field of the information society and media (2004-2010) Danescu, Elena in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020) The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project ... [more ▼] The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project. Drawing on more than 40 years’ experience in politics, Viviane Reding spoke about her career, the role of Luxembourg and Luxembourgers in the European integration process, and various key events in which she played a part. In these extracts, she discusses her role as a member of the first and second Barroso Commissions (2004-2009 and 2010-2014) and her efforts to help build an information and knowledge society in Europe, one that serves citizens and protects their rights and fundamental freedoms. Her achievements in this respect include capping mobile phone roaming charges (they were subsequently abolished in 2017), advocating for the introduction of a single emergency number (112) in all EU countries, launching the Europeana digital library, and spearheading a programme to use technological innovation for climate and energy solutions. She also describes the process of developing a Digital Agenda for Europe to improve the continent’s digital competitiveness compared with the United States, China and Japan – a complex and challenging task given the context of globalisation and the divergent interests of the various stakeholders (research, industry, consumers, etc.). Finally, she mentions the reform of personal data protection that she initiated (leading to the GDPR, adopted in April 2016). [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 64 (1 UL)A volume-averaged nodal projection method for the Reissner-Mindlin plate model ; ; Hale, Jack et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (2018), 341 We introduce a novel meshfree Galerkin method for the solution of Reissner-Mindlin plate problems that is written in terms of the primitive variables only (i.e., rotations and transverse displacement) and ... [more ▼] We introduce a novel meshfree Galerkin method for the solution of Reissner-Mindlin plate problems that is written in terms of the primitive variables only (i.e., rotations and transverse displacement) and is devoid of shear-locking. The proposed approach uses linear maximum-entropy approximations and is built variationally on a two-field potential energy functional wherein the shear strain, written in terms of the primitive variables, is computed via a volume-averaged nodal projection operator that is constructed from the Kirchhoff constraint of the three-field mixed weak form. The stability of the method is rendered by adding bubble-like enrichment to the rotation degrees of freedom. Some benchmark problems are presented to demonstrate the accuracy and performance of the proposed method for a wide range of plate thicknesses. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 169 (19 UL)Vulnerability Analysis of Cyber Physical Systems under False-Data injection and disturbance attacks ; Bezzaoucha, Souad ; Voos, Holger et al in Vulnerability Analysis of Cyber Physical Systems under False-Data injection and disturbance attacks (2018, September) In the present paper, the problem of attacks on cyber-physical systems via networked control system (NCS) subject to unmeasured disturbances is considered. The geometric approach is used to evaluate the ... [more ▼] In the present paper, the problem of attacks on cyber-physical systems via networked control system (NCS) subject to unmeasured disturbances is considered. The geometric approach is used to evaluate the security and vulnerability level of the controlled system. The presented work deals with the so-called false data injection attacks and shows how imperfectly known disturbances can be used to perform undetectable, or at least stealthy, attacks that can make the NCS vulnerable to attacks from malicious outsiders. A numerical example is given to illustrate the approach. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 105 (7 UL)Vulnerability analysis of network observability in link flow inference problems Rinaldi, Marco ; Viti, Francesco Scientific Conference (2018, January) Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL)A warmer world van Dam, Tonie ; Weigelt, Matthias ; in Pan European Networks: Science & Technology (2015), (14), 58-59 Detailed reference viewed: 250 (21 UL)Weak and strong from meshless methods for linear elastic problem under fretting contact conditions ; ; et al in Tribology International (2019), 138 We present numerical computation of stresses under fretting fatigue conditions derived from closed form expressions. The Navier-Cauchy equations, that govern the problem, are solved with strong and weak ... [more ▼] We present numerical computation of stresses under fretting fatigue conditions derived from closed form expressions. The Navier-Cauchy equations, that govern the problem, are solved with strong and weak form meshless numerical methods. The results are compared to the solution obtained from well-established commercial package ABAQUS, which is based on finite element method (FEM). The results show that the weak form meshless solution exhibits similar behavior as the FEM solution, while, in this particular case, strong form meshless solution performs better in capturing the peak in the surface stress. This is of particular interest in fretting fatigue, since it directly influences crack initiation. The results are presented in terms of von Mises stress contour plots, surface stress profiles, and the convergence plots for all three methods involved in the study. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)Weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in isogeometric analysis Bordas, Stéphane ; Tomar, Satyendra ; et al Scientific Conference (2016, June 05) In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry ... [more ▼] In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry representation of the domain, is employed for the numerical solution of the problem over the domain. However, there are situations where this tight integration is a bane rather than a boon. Such situations arise where, e.g., (1) the geometry of the domain is simple enough to be represented by low order NURBS, whereas the unknown (exact) solution of the problem is sufficiently regular, and thus, the numerical solution can be obtained with improved accuracy by using NURBS of order higher than that required for the geometry, (2) the constraint of using the same space for the geometry and the numerical solution is particularly undesirable, such as in the shape and topology optimization, and (3) the solution of the problem has low regularity but for the curved boundary of the domain one can employ higher order NURBS. Therefore, we propose to weaken this constraint. An extensive study of patch tests on various combinations of polynomial degree, geometry type, and various cases of varying degrees and control variables between the geometry and the numerical solution will be discussed. It will be shown, with concrete reasoning, that why patch test fails in certain cases, and that those cases should be avoided in practice. Thereafter, selective numerical examples will be presented to address some of the above-mentioned situations, and it will be shown that weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation offers more flexibility in choosing the numerical solution spaces, and thus, improved accuracy of the numerical solution. Powered by [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 138 (5 UL)Weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in isogeometric analysis Tomar, Satyendra ; ; et al Presentation (2016, June 07) In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry ... [more ▼] In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry representation of the domain, is employed for the numerical solution of the problem over the domain. However, there are situations where this tight integration is a bane rather than a boon. Such situations arise where, e.g., (1) the geometry of the domain is simple enough to be represented by low order NURBS, whereas the unknown (exact) solution of the problem is sufficiently regular, and thus, the numerical solution can be obtained with improved accuracy by using NURBS of order higher than that required for the geometry, (2) the constraint of using the same space for the geometry and the numerical solution is particularly undesirable, such as in the shape and topology optimization, and (3) the solution of the problem has low regularity but for the curved boundary of the domain one can employ higher order NURBS. Therefore, we propose to weaken this constraint. An extensive study of patch tests on various combinations of polynomial degree, geometry type, and various cases of varying degrees and control variables between the geometry and the numerical solution will be discussed. It will be shown, with concrete reasoning, that why patch test fails in certain cases, and that those cases should be avoided in practice. Thereafter, selective numerical examples will be presented to address some of the above-mentioned situations, and it will be shown that weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation offers more flexibility in choosing the numerical solution spaces, and thus, improved accuracy of the numerical solution. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 160 (9 UL)Weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in isogeometric analysis: from sub- and super- geometric analysis to Geometry Independent Field approximaTion (GIFT) ; Tomar, Satyendra ; et al in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2018) This paper presents an approach to generalize the concept of isogeometric analysis (IGA) by allowing different spaces for parameterization of the computational domain and for approximation of the solution ... [more ▼] This paper presents an approach to generalize the concept of isogeometric analysis (IGA) by allowing different spaces for parameterization of the computational domain and for approximation of the solution field. The method inherits the main advantage of isogeometric analysis, i.e. preserves the original, exact CAD geometry (for example, given by NURBS), but allows pairing it with an approximation space which is more suitable/flexible for analysis, for example, T-splines, LR-splines, (truncated) hierarchical B-splines, and PHT-splines. This generalization offers the advantage of adaptive local refinement without the need to re-parameterize the domain, and therefore without weakening the link with the CAD model. We demonstrate the use of the method with different choices of the geometry and field splines, and show that, despite the failure of the standard patch test, the optimum convergence rate is achieved for non-nested spaces. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 198 (8 UL)A web-based tool for efficient carbon footprint calculations: Lux screen CO2 Hild, Paula ; ; et al Scientific Conference (2011, August 30) Several commercial software tools for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) are already available on the market and recently included ad-hoc extensions to calculate carbon footprints. Unfortunately, these software ... [more ▼] Several commercial software tools for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) are already available on the market and recently included ad-hoc extensions to calculate carbon footprints. Unfortunately, these software tools are often too complex and require too much specific expertise to be used by SMEs, consultants and others. For companies without any experience in the field of environmental assessment, the analysis of company-related CO2 emissions within a regional context is often an impossible task. The presented easy-to-use CO2 screening tool, adapted to their needs, was designed to support these companies. The web-based tool, ‘Lux screen CO2’ is able to assess and report site related direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions, including the whole supply chain of the company and food-related impacts of the company restaurant. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 105 (1 UL) |
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