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See detailStochastic Optimum Energy Management for Advanced Transportation Network
Sajadi Alamdari, Seyed Amin UL; Voos, Holger UL; Darouach, Mohamed

in 15th IFAC Symposium on Control in Transportation Systems CTS 2018 (2018, July 19)

Smart and optimal energy consumption in electric vehicles has high potential to improve the limited cruising range on a single battery charge. The proposed concept is a semi-autonomous ecological advanced ... [more ▼]

Smart and optimal energy consumption in electric vehicles has high potential to improve the limited cruising range on a single battery charge. The proposed concept is a semi-autonomous ecological advanced driver assistance system which predictively plans for a safe and energy-efficient cruising velocity profile autonomously for battery electric vehicles. However, high entropy in transportation network leads to a challenging task to derive a computationally efficient and tractable model to predict the traffic flow. Stochastic optimal control has been developed to systematically find an optimal decision with the aim of performance improvement. However, most of the developed methods are not real-time algorithms. Moreover, they are mainly risk-neutral for safety-critical systems. This paper investigates on the real-time risk-sensitive nonlinear optimal control design subject to safety and ecological constraints. This system improves the efficiency of the transportation network at the microscopic level. Obtained results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method in terms of states regulation and constraints satisfaction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (8 UL)
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See detailStrain smoothing in FEM and XFEM
Bordas, Stéphane UL; Rabczuk, T.; Hung, N.-X. et al

in Computers & Structures (2010), 88(23-24), 1419-1443

We present in this paper recent achievements realised on the application of strain smoothing in finite elements and propose suitable extensions to problems with discontinuities and singularities. The ... [more ▼]

We present in this paper recent achievements realised on the application of strain smoothing in finite elements and propose suitable extensions to problems with discontinuities and singularities. The numerical results indicate that for 2D and 3D continuum, locking can be avoided. New plate and shell formulations that avoid both shear and membrane locking are also briefly reviewed. The principle is then extended to partition of unity enrichment to simplify numerical integration of discontinuous approximations in the extended finite element method. Examples are presented to test the new elements for problems involving cracks in linear elastic continua and cracked plates. In the latter case, the proposed formulation suppresses locking and yields elements which behave very well, even in the thin plate limit. Two important features of the set of elements presented are their insensitivity to mesh distortion and a lower computational cost than standard finite elements for the same accuracy. These elements are easily implemented in existing codes since they only require the modification of the discretized gradient operator, B. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailStress analysis without meshing: isogeometric boundary element method
Lian, Haojie; Simpson, Robert; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering and Computational Mechanics (2013), 166(2), 8899

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See detailStress analysis without meshing: Isogeometric boundary-element method
Lian, H.; Simpson, R. N.; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering and Computational Mechanics (2013), 166(2), 88-99

The focus of this paper is the description and numerical validation of a computational method where stress analysis can be performed directly from computer-aided design data without mesh generation. The ... [more ▼]

The focus of this paper is the description and numerical validation of a computational method where stress analysis can be performed directly from computer-aided design data without mesh generation. The clear benefit of the approach is that no mesh needs to be generated prior to running the analysis. This is achieved by utilising the isogeometric concept whereby computer-aided design data are used to construct not only the geometry discretisation but also the displacement and traction approximations. In this manner, significant savings can be made in the engineering design and analysis process. This paper also demonstrates that, compared with a standard boundary-element method implementation using quadratic Lagrangian shape functions, superior accuracy is achieved using the present approach for the same number of degrees of freedom. It further illustrates practical applications of the method, comparing against results obtained with a standard boundary-element method and finite-element method for verification. In addition, a propeller is analysed as a sample to show the ability of the present method to handle complex three-dimensional geometries. [less ▲]

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See detailStress analysis, damage tolerance assessment and shape optimisation without meshing
Hale, Jack UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL; Peng, Xuan et al

Poster (2014, June 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (3 UL)
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See detailStrongly-coupled modelling and analysis of energy harvesting devices
Zilian, Andreas UL; Ravi, Srivathsan UL

in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (2016), 16

A monolithic approach is proposed that provides simultaneous modelling and analysis of the harvester, which involves surface- coupled fluid-structure interaction, volume-coupled electro- mechanics and a ... [more ▼]

A monolithic approach is proposed that provides simultaneous modelling and analysis of the harvester, which involves surface- coupled fluid-structure interaction, volume-coupled electro- mechanics and a controlling energy harvesting circuit for applica- tions in energy harvesting. A space-time finite element approximation is used for numerical solution of the weighted residual form of the governing equations of the flow-driven piezoelectric energy harvesting device. This method enables time-domain investigation of different types of structures (plate, shells) subject to exterior/interior flow with varying cross sections, material compositions, and attached electrical circuits with respect to the electrical power output generated. [less ▲]

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See detailStructural health monitoring based on static measurements with temperature compensation
Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Schommer, Sebastian UL; Zürbes, Arno et al

in QUALITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR ROADWAY BRIDGES, STANDARDIZATION AT A EUROPEAN LEVEL (2016)

The paper presents the main results from static tests in a prestressed concrete beam taken out from a real bridge. The tests were achieved during about one month with several scenarios of damage that ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the main results from static tests in a prestressed concrete beam taken out from a real bridge. The tests were achieved during about one month with several scenarios of damage that loaded and unloaded states were monitored for each scenario. Damages in 4 levels were simulated by cutting prestressed tendons. There were 8 transducers distributed along the length’s beam to measure displacements. Deflection lines resulted from the static measurements from every state allow discovering the location of damages. Moreover, the calculation of slope and curvature lines leads also to very interesting issues for damage localization. [less ▲]

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See detailA Structured Argumentation Framework for Modeling Debates in the Formal Sciences
Cramer, Marcos; Dauphin, Jérémie UL

in Journal for General Philosophy of Science (2019)

Scientific research in the formal sciences comes in multiple degrees of formality: fully formal work; rigorous proofs that practitioners know to be formalizable in principle; and informal work like rough ... [more ▼]

Scientific research in the formal sciences comes in multiple degrees of formality: fully formal work; rigorous proofs that practitioners know to be formalizable in principle; and informal work like rough proof sketches and considerations about the advantages and disadvantages of various formal systems. This informal work includes informal and semi-formal debates between formal scientists, e.g. about the acceptability of foundational principles and proposed axiomatizations. In this paper, we propose to use the methodology of structured argumentation theory to produce a formal model of such informal and semi-formal debates in the formal sciences. For this purpose, we propose ASPIC-END, an adaptation of the structured argumentation framework ASPIC+ which can incorporate natural deduction style arguments and explanations. We illustrate the applicability of the framework to debates in the formal sciences by presenting a simple model of some arguments about proposed solutions to the Liar paradox, and by discussing a more extensive - but still preliminary - model of parts of the debate that mathematicians had about the Axiom of Choice in the early 20th century. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 UL)
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See detailStudent's Perception of a Semantic Search Engine
Reichert, Monique UL; Linckels, Serge UL; Meinel, Christoph

Scientific Conference (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)
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See detailSTUDYING COMMUTER BEHAVIOUR FOR GAMIFYING MOBILITY
Kracheel, Martin UL; McCall, Roderick UL; Koenig, Vincent UL

Presentation (2014, September 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 207 (26 UL)
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See detailSupervised learning for a Kraft recovery boiler: a data mining approach with Random Forests.
Sainlez, Matthieu UL; Heyen, Georges; Lafourcade, Sébastien

in Favrat, Daniel; Maréchal, François (Eds.) ECOS 2010 Volume IV (Power plants and Industrial processes) (2011, January 11)

A data mining methodology, the random forests, is applied to predict high pressure steam production from the recovery boiler of a Kraft pulping process. Starting from a large database of raw process data ... [more ▼]

A data mining methodology, the random forests, is applied to predict high pressure steam production from the recovery boiler of a Kraft pulping process. Starting from a large database of raw process data, the goal is to identify the input variables that explain the most significant output variations and to predict the high pressure steam flow. [less ▲]

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See detailSupply characteristics and membership choice in round-trip and free-floating carsharing systems
Cisterna, Carolina UL; Giorgione, Giulio UL; Cipriani, Ernesto et al

Scientific Conference (2019, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (16 UL)
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See detailSUPPORTING INTERDISCIPLINARY SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT THROUGH INTEGRATED FUNCTION MODELLING
Eisenbart, Boris UL

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Industry is confronted with ever-changing and increasing demand of customers on global markets for integration of diverse functions into newly developed products and systems. As a consequence, companies ... [more ▼]

Industry is confronted with ever-changing and increasing demand of customers on global markets for integration of diverse functions into newly developed products and systems. As a consequence, companies increasingly often combine different engineering technologies into their products necessitating close collaboration of experts from various disciplines. New types of products, such as Product-Service Systems (PSS), which have become increasingly important in the recent past and combine (multi-disciplinary) products with associated services, extend interdisciplinary system development by including further disciplines. Problems in the (cross-disciplinary) exchange of information between the involved designers are considered one of the central risks posed to the success of interdisciplinary system development. Function modelling is expected to provide suitable means for the integration of different disciplines, as it addresses solution finding early in the design process and results in a first abstract representation of the system under consideration. However, a large variety of different and often incompatible function models can be found in the different disciplines, which hampers shared, cross-disciplinary function modelling. The research project presented in this thesis provides comprehensive insights into central barriers and enablers for cross-disciplinary function modelling in the development of mechatronic systems and PSS. Conducted research comprises comprehensive literature reviews of diverse function models and function modelling approaches proposed in disciplinary and interdisciplinary design approaches. The derived insights are complemented by empirical studies in ten companies active in diverse market areas, such as machine design, automotive, aerospace, and consumer product development. The empirical studies provide compelling insights into the actual application of function modelling in different disciplines and design departments, as well as into specific needs and preferences of practicing designers from different disciplines. A central contribution resulting from this research is the ”Integrated Function Modelling framework”, which is intended to address the identified needs and provide practicing designers with a flexible and generic modelling approach supporting interdisciplinary conceptual design. The project is concluded with an initial evaluation of the developed framework in industry and academia. [less ▲]

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See detailSupporting Security Protocols on CAN-Based Networks
Bloom, Gedare; Cena, Gianlua; Cibrario Bertolotti, Ivan et al

in 2017 IEEE 18th International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT2017) (2017)

The ever-increasing variety of services built on top of the Controller Area Network (CAN), along with the recent discovery of vulnerabilities in CAN-based automotive systems (some of them demonstrated in ... [more ▼]

The ever-increasing variety of services built on top of the Controller Area Network (CAN), along with the recent discovery of vulnerabilities in CAN-based automotive systems (some of them demonstrated in practice) stimulated a renewed attention to security-oriented enhancements of the CAN protocol. The issue is further compounded nowadays because, unlike in the past, security can no longer be enforced by physical bus segregation. This paper describes how CAN XR, a recently proposed extension of the CAN data-link layer, can effectively support the distributed calculation of arbitrary binary Boolean functions, which are the foundation of most security protocols, without necessarily disclosing their operands on the bus. The feasibility of the approach is then shown through experimental evaluation and by confirming its applicability to a shared key generation protocol proposed in literature. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (5 UL)
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See detailSupporting the Knowledge Life Cycle
Blessing, Lucienne UL; Wallace, K. M.

in Kluwer Academic Publishers (Ed.) Knowledge Intensive CAD (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (0 UL)
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See detailA Survey of Cooperative ITS for Next Generation Public Transport Systems
Seredynski, Marcin; Viti, Francesco UL

in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), 2016 IEEE 19th International Conference on (2016, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (10 UL)
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See detailSusceptibility-Weighted MRI for Deep Brain Stimulation: Potentials in Trajectory Planning
Hertel, Frank UL; Husch, Andreas UL; Dooms, Georges et al

in Stereotactic & Functional Neurosurgery (2015), 93(5), 303-308

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) trajectory plan- ning is mostly based on standard 3-D T1-weighted gado- linium-enhanced MRI sequences (T1-Gd). Susceptibility- weighted MRI sequences (SWI) show ... [more ▼]

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) trajectory plan- ning is mostly based on standard 3-D T1-weighted gado- linium-enhanced MRI sequences (T1-Gd). Susceptibility- weighted MRI sequences (SWI) show neurovascular struc- tures without the use of contrast agents. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SWI might be useful in DBS trajectory planning. Methods: We performed bilateral DBS planning using conventional T1-Gd images of 10 patients with different kinds of movement disorders. Afterwards, we matched SWI sequences and compared the visibility of vas- cular structures in both imaging modalities. Results: By ana- lyzing 100 possible trajectories, we found a potential vascu- lar conflict in 13 trajectories based on T1-Gd in contrast to 53 in SWI. Remarkably, all vessels visible in T1-Gd were also de- picted in SWI, whereas SWI showed many additional vascular structures which could not be identified in T1-Gd. Conclu- sion/Discussion: The sensitivity for detecting neurovascular structures for DBS planning seems to be significantly higher in SWI. As SWI does not require a contrast agent, we suggest that SWI may be a valuable alternative to T1-Gd MRI for DBS trajectory planning. Furthermore, the data analysis suggests that vascular interactions of DBS trajectories might be more frequent than expected from the very low incidence of symptomatic bleedings. The explanation for this is currently the subject of debate and merits further studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (11 UL)
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See detailSustainability Research and Interactive Knowledge Generation
JUNG ép. PRELLER, Bérénice UL; Affolderbach, Julia UL; Schulz, Christian UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Based on experiences from the GreenRegio research project that investigates framework conditions for innovations in sustainable/green building, this working paper explores the potential of interactive and ... [more ▼]

Based on experiences from the GreenRegio research project that investigates framework conditions for innovations in sustainable/green building, this working paper explores the potential of interactive and collaborative methods for knowledge generation and co-production. Engagement with local practi-tioners, private industry, academics, political decision-makers and representatives of the non-profit sector early on in the research process allows researchers to gain better understanding of the re-search object and context. It also creates a platform for (mutual) knowledge exchange. Methodologi-cally, the project incorporates interactive workshops and Delphi-based feedback and validation rounds, that – over the lifespan of the project – offer a mutual learning process further inspired by in-sights and experiences across four case studies in Europe, Australia, and Canada. The exchange and learning processes provide important insights on different forms and pathways of sustainability transi-tions in the building sector to all participants involved in the project, researchers and researched alike. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 193 (7 UL)
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See detailSystematic analysis of global and local control policies
Cantelmo, Guido UL; Viti, Francesco UL; Rinaldi, Marco et al

in Periodica Polytechnica (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (7 UL)