References of "Blessing, Lucienne 50000841"
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See detailDesigning Meaning to Change Consumer Behaviour: An Exploration
Waltersdorfer, Gregor UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Chakrabarti, Amaresh (Ed.) ICoRD’15 – Research into Design Across Boundaries Volume 1: Theory, Research Methodology, Aesthetics, Human Factors and Education (2015)

The focus of our research is to support designers in fostering a more sustainable behaviour of consumers by creating meaning in products and services. The paper describes the results of a literature study ... [more ▼]

The focus of our research is to support designers in fostering a more sustainable behaviour of consumers by creating meaning in products and services. The paper describes the results of a literature study into the process of meaning making and the mechanisms through which meaning affects consumer behaviour. Meaning is defined as a mental representation of possible relationships. An initial model, the Meaning-Behaviour Model, is presented, integrating the mechanisms found in literature. Five possible interventions, derived from the model, show how designers can use meaning as a lever to foster enduring behavioural change. The paper contributes to the discussion of introducing meaning through design by exploring the link between meaning and behaviour. [less ▲]

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See detailFostering sustainable user behaviour: exploring meaning and its creation in products and services
Waltersdorfer, Gregor UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Valentine, Louise; Borja de Mozota, Brigitte; Nelson, Julien (Eds.) et al The Value of Design Research, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the European Academy of Design (2015)

This paper is integrated in our research project on fostering sustainable user behaviour by designing meaning. It explores different types of meaning in products and services, and their creation. For that ... [more ▼]

This paper is integrated in our research project on fostering sustainable user behaviour by designing meaning. It explores different types of meaning in products and services, and their creation. For that, the results of a literature study are integrated into an initial taxonomy of meaning and an initial framework for creating meaning. From the taxonomy we derive four roles that products and services can play in meaning making. Additionally we discuss how five possible interventions in users meaning making for behavioural change can be pursued by design on the basis of the framework. We illustrate the role of designers in creating meaning with examples, touch on its potential for behavioural change of users and outline further research needs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 221 (18 UL)
See detailAnalogies to Succeed: Application to a Service Design Problem
Moreno Grandas, Diana Paola UL; Yang, Maria; Blessing, Lucienne UL et al

in Laakso, Miko; Ekman, Kalevi (Eds.) NordDesign 2014 Conference (2014, August)

This study aims to expand current understanding of ideation methods and its transferability from product design domain to service design domain. It applies two Design-by-Analogy (DbA) ideation methods ... [more ▼]

This study aims to expand current understanding of ideation methods and its transferability from product design domain to service design domain. It applies two Design-by-Analogy (DbA) ideation methods (WordTree and SCAMPER) to a real service design problem in an expert participants setting. Quantity and Novelty metric results are analysed along with design fixation effects. Both DbA methods produced statistically significant larger number of novel ideas when compared to the control. The number of novel ideas with SCAMPER method doubled those generated via WordTree. Fixation effects were counterintuitive since SCAMPER appears to be a method that promotes both fixation and de-fixation effects. These findings suggest DbA ideation methods offer positive capabilities for assisting designers to generate solutions for service design problems. [less ▲]

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See detailDer Integrated Function Modelling (IFM) Framework
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailAn Analysis of Functional Modelling Approaches Across Disicplines
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in AI EDAM: Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis and Manufacturing (2013), 27(3),

Authors across disciplines propose functional modeling as part of systematic design approaches, in order to support and guide designers during conceptual design. The presented research aims at ... [more ▼]

Authors across disciplines propose functional modeling as part of systematic design approaches, in order to support and guide designers during conceptual design. The presented research aims at contributing to a better understanding of the diverse functional modeling approaches proposed across disciplines. The article presents a literature review of 41 modeling approaches from a variety of disciplines. The analysis focuses on what is addressed by functional modeling at which point in the proposed conceptual design process (i.e., in which sequence). The gained insights lead to the identification of specific needs and opportunities, which could support the development of an integrated functional modeling approach. The findings suggest that there is no such shared sequence for functional modeling across disciplines. However, a shared functional modeling perspective has been identified across all reviewed disciplines, which could serve as a common basis for the development of an integrated functional modeling approach. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign Automation With the Characteristics Properties Model and Property Driven Design for Redesign
Qureshi, Ahmed Jawad UL; Eisenbart, Boris UL; Dantan, Jean-Yves et al

in Abramovici, Michael, Stark, Rainer (Ed.) Smart Product Engineering (2013)

This paper presents a framework consisting of a mathematical model and an algorithm for representation, analysis and exploration of the design space in redesign problems. The framework develops and ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a framework consisting of a mathematical model and an algorithm for representation, analysis and exploration of the design space in redesign problems. The framework develops and extends the existing formalism of the Characteristics Properties Model (CPM) and Property Driven Design (PDD). A platform independent quantitative model based on formal log-ic is presented to map the characteristics and properties, as well as the relations and dependencies between them, along with the necessary conditions for solu-tion evaluation. The model is based on generalization of existing mathematical design models and is supported by the development of an algorithm enabling property driven design. The resulting framework offers a rich and flexible syn-tax and vocabulary along with a mathematical and computational tool applica-ble to mechanical product redesign. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating Different Functional Modeling Perspectives
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Qureshi, Ahmed Jawad UL; Gericke, Kilian UL et al

in Charkrabarti, Amaresh; Prakash, Raghu (Eds.) ICoRD'13, Global Product Development (2013)

The paper proposes a modular functional modeling framework, which aims at integrating the different functional modeling perspectives, relevant to different disciplines. The results of two extensive ... [more ▼]

The paper proposes a modular functional modeling framework, which aims at integrating the different functional modeling perspectives, relevant to different disciplines. The results of two extensive literature studies on diverse functional modeling approaches proposed in a variety of disciplines are consolidated. These studies identified specific needs for an integrated functional modeling approach to support interdisciplinary conceptual design. The presented framework aims at fulfilling these needs. It consists of a variety of associated views, represented through different matrices. This matrix-based representation facilitates the analysis of different functional modeling perspectives and their interdependencies. Finally, the implications of the presented approach are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of product characteristics uncertainty based on Formal Logic and Characteristics Properties Model
Dantan, Jean-Yves; Qureshi, Ahmed Jawad UL; Antoine, J. et al

in CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology (2013), 62(1),

Uncertainty in product characteristics is ubiquitous in any engineering system at all the stages of product life-cycle. Considering uncertainty from different sources during the product design phase is ... [more ▼]

Uncertainty in product characteristics is ubiquitous in any engineering system at all the stages of product life-cycle. Considering uncertainty from different sources during the product design phase is critical to its reliable performance. This paper presents a framework integrating the uncertainty propagation through different product characteristics and its effect on product properties. The framework consists of three main parts: a descriptive model based on formal logic and characteristics properties model; a mathematical implementation through set theory and probabilistic approach; and an algorithm for design space evaluation and tolerancing. The application of framework is demonstrated through an industrial case study. [less ▲]

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See detailAdapting the IFM Framework to Functional Approaches Across Disciplines
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (2013)

Conceptual design is considered one of the most demanding design tasks requiring a joint effort of the involved designers, particularly in interdisciplinary design. The IFM framework intends to support ... [more ▼]

Conceptual design is considered one of the most demanding design tasks requiring a joint effort of the involved designers, particularly in interdisciplinary design. The IFM framework intends to support interdisciplinary collaboration of designers, by linking the different functional modelling perspectives, which are prominent in the different disciplines. The presented analysis aims to answer the question, which particular adaptations are required, in order to enable and improve the application of the IFM framework across disciplines. The paper presents a comparison of the framework with established functional approaches proposed in literature. It is shown, in which ways the specific contents addressed in the individual steps of the reviewed functional approaches can be mapped onto corresponding views in the IFM framework. The findings suggest that the IFM framework is interoperable with the reviewed functional approaches without necessitating fundamental changes. Furthermore, specific potentials for the improvement of its applicability across disciplines are derived. Finally, the paper discusses specific adaptations of the IFM framework, in order to improve its applicability. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentials for Realising a Consistent Transition Between Function Modelling with the IFM Framework and Early System Simulation
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Dohr, Fabio; Gericke, Kilian UL et al

in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (2013)

Conceptual design is considered one of the most demanding design tasks requiring a joint effort of the involved designers, particularly in interdisciplinary design. Sound decision-making across ... [more ▼]

Conceptual design is considered one of the most demanding design tasks requiring a joint effort of the involved designers, particularly in interdisciplinary design. Sound decision-making across disciplines on alternative solution concepts may be considerably facilitated through early system simulation. A consistent transition of the available information in function modelling to early system simulation may thus support designers in this task. The IFM framework intends to support cross-disciplinary collaboration of involved designers by providing an integrated function modelling approach. In the paper it is analysed in how far a consistent transition from the IFM framework to established modelling techniques for simulation may be realised. The paper compares the information required for early system simulation in an interdisciplinary design context to the specific information conveyed in the different views of the IFM framework. The analysis identifies specific potentials and barriers for a consistent transition between them. Finally, the implications of the derived insights are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA Shared Basis for Functional Modelling
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Proceedings of Norddesign 2012 (2012)

The presented research aims at contributing to a better understanding of the diverse functional modelling approaches proposed across disciplines, often involving more than one function model. The paper ... [more ▼]

The presented research aims at contributing to a better understanding of the diverse functional modelling approaches proposed across disciplines, often involving more than one function model. The paper presents a review of 41 systematic design approaches from different disciplines, analysing what is addressed by functional modelling at which point in the proposed development process, i.e. in which sequence, if any. The analysis aims at deriving potential commonalities across disciplines, which could support the development of an integrative functional modelling approach. Finally, the results of the analysis are discussed, concluding that while there seems to be no shared sequence in functional modelling across disciplines, a common base can be derived, with regard to what is prominently addressed by functional modelling in the different disciplines. [less ▲]

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See detailAN ANALYSIS OF DESIGN PROCESS MODELS ACROSS DISCIPLINES
Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Proceedings of the 12th International Design Conference - DESIGN 2012 (2012)

This paper presents a comparison of design methodologies and process models from nine disciplines. The evolutionary development of the approaches, which can be traced back to similar roots, lead to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a comparison of design methodologies and process models from nine disciplines. The evolutionary development of the approaches, which can be traced back to similar roots, lead to process models which are now adapted to specific design disciplines but still have many similarities. Most of the established approaches have not been adapted to many of the challenges of current design practice and represent isolated views on the design process. This comparison is intended to provide a basis for consolidation and reformation of design methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional Modelling Perspectives Across Disciplines: A Literature Review
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL; Gericke, Kilian UL

in Proceedings of the 12th International Design Conference - DESIGN 2012 (2012)

The research presented in this paper discusses the different understandings of function which hamper shared functional modelling. Function models proposed in literature from various disciplines are then ... [more ▼]

The research presented in this paper discusses the different understandings of function which hamper shared functional modelling. Function models proposed in literature from various disciplines are then analysed, in order to identify the different inherent functional modelling perspectives. The paper concludes that in order to support shared functional modelling and to support cross-disciplinary system development, these different functional modelling perspectives need to be linked. [less ▲]

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See detailA Framework for Comparing Design Modelling Approaches Across Disciplines
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (2011)

Design models are an important means for the representation of design information in product development processes. Designers use design models to visualise and communicate their ideas to other members of ... [more ▼]

Design models are an important means for the representation of design information in product development processes. Designers use design models to visualise and communicate their ideas to other members of a design team, the project manager or a costumer. Communication between experts from different disciplines using design models is often hindered by different terminology and different ways of modelling. Potential consequences are design flaws, which may lead to time-consuming iterations and – if undetected – to problems during production or use. In order to enhance the communication through design models across disciplines, and to address the mentioned problems, an understanding of similarities as well as differences between modelling approaches needs to be established. For that purpose, this paper discusses different design states which represent a distinct level of available information in the development process. They are derived through comparing different design models proposed in literature and provide the basis of a framework for a detailed comparison of modelling approaches across disciplines. Further, first insights into different ways of modelling are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of Design Models in Mechatronic Product Development and Building Design Reflection of Researchers and Practitioners
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Krause, Dieter, Paetzold, Kristin (Ed.) Beiträge zum 22. DfX-Symposium (2011)

Design models are an essential means for abstract representation and visualisation of information in the design process. Comprehension of design models in interdisciplinary engineering design teams is ... [more ▼]

Design models are an essential means for abstract representation and visualisation of information in the design process. Comprehension of design models in interdisciplinary engineering design teams is often hindered by different terminology and different discipline-specific modelling approaches. This paper presents the results of an interview study conducted with practitioners and researchers from engineering design and building design. The study elaborates the different ways of collaboration and use of design models in building design as compared to engineering design, in order to derive the potentials for cross-fertilisation between both areas of product development. [less ▲]

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See detailComparisons of design methodologies and process models across disciplines: A literature review
Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (2011)

Challenges resulting from an environment characterised by complexity, competition on global markets, dynamics and ever-changing user wants and needs are increasing and affect all design processes ... [more ▼]

Challenges resulting from an environment characterised by complexity, competition on global markets, dynamics and ever-changing user wants and needs are increasing and affect all design processes, irrespective of whether the product or system designed is a machine, a building, software, service, etc.. These challenges require collaboration between disciplines, but current design processes of large systems, such as aircraft, essentially show separate development strands for each discipline. Research into methods is ongoing, but the original design methodologies have not been adapted accordingly. Based on a literature study this paper consolidates findings from different comparisons of design methodologies and process models across disciplines. A consensus can be found that at least on an abstract level design process models have a generic core of common stages. On a detailed level the picture is different. The extent to which design approaches appear similar depends on the perspective of the analyses. The literature study provides an overview of shortcomings of existing design methodologies which may serve as starting points for further research and development of design methodologies. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive estimation in the ideation phase of engineering design
Adolphy, Sebastian; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

Poster (2010)

Estimation in its diverse forms is assumed to be relevant for problem solving in engineering design due to the inherent deficiencies in information availability and reliability. Nevertheless aside from ... [more ▼]

Estimation in its diverse forms is assumed to be relevant for problem solving in engineering design due to the inherent deficiencies in information availability and reliability. Nevertheless aside from some exception estimation as a method is hardly mentioned in standard literature on systematic approaches to engineering design like Pahl and Beitz. As well it is rarely deliberate addressed in engineering education. Engineering designers are expected to gain estimation competence by experience. Good performance in estimation and the development of estimation competence by hat is left to chance. Estimation as a problem solving strategy covers a wide range of activities on a continuous spectrum between the extremes of random guesses and highly mathematical statistics based approaches. Our research addresses estimation activities which are solely based on cognitive performance, without using specific mathematical procedures or technological support. Our current study is an explorative, qualitative protocol analysis of two idea creation meetings addressing different problems in the early phases of a technology-driven innovation project recorded by the DTRS7 organisation. The addressed research questions are: Where, how, why and what for is estimation used in engineering design? This analysis should give further insight in the not widely delineated topic of estimation in engineering design. [less ▲]

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See detailEntwicklungsmethodik nach Pahl und Beitz und Design thinking. Vergleich und Einordnung
Gericke, Kilian UL; Beinke, Christian; Gemmer, Pascal et al

in Proceedings of 19th Symposium Design for X (2010)

Die Konstruktionsforschung strebt danach die Entwicklungspraxis zu unterstützen indem Methodiken, Methoden, Tools und Empfehlungen erarbeitet werden, welche die Arbeit der Entwickler erleichtern sollen ... [more ▼]

Die Konstruktionsforschung strebt danach die Entwicklungspraxis zu unterstützen indem Methodiken, Methoden, Tools und Empfehlungen erarbeitet werden, welche die Arbeit der Entwickler erleichtern sollen, mit dem Ziel bessere Produkte zu entwickeln. Das Umfeld der Entwicklungspraxis ist dabei gekennzeichnet durch Komplexität, Wettbewerb auf globalen Märkten, Dynamik und sich ständig ändernden Kundenwünschen und -bedürfnissen. Die daraus erwachsenden Herausforderungen nehmen fortlaufend zu und tangieren alle Entwicklungsprozesse unabhängig davon ob eine Maschine, eine Software, ein Service oder ein andere Produktform entwickelt wird. Neben den genannten Aspekten stellt auch das veränderte Konsumentenverhalten eine Herausforderung für die Produktentwicklung dar. Das Internet ermöglicht eine nie dagewesene Auswahl- und Vergleichsmöglichkeit von Produkten, wodurch wesentlich selektiver konsumiert wird und infolge dessen Produkte immer differenzierter und tärker an die Kundenwünsche und –bedürfnisse angepasst werden müssen. Abhängig von Entwicklungsgegenstand, Marktsegment, Branche und weiteren Faktoren sind die existierenden methodischen Hilfsmittel unterschiedlich gut geeignet, die Arbeit des Entwicklers zu erleichtern und die Entwicklung besserer Produkte zu unterstützen. Dies bedeutet, dass methodische Ansätze Kontext-abhängig ausgewählt bzw. adaptiert werden müssen. In jüngster Zeit hält Design Thinking, ein neuer Ansatz zur methodischen Produktentwicklung, Einzug in verschiedenste Branchen. Im nachfolgenden Artikel wird Design Thinking kurz beschrieben und exemplarisch mit dem methodischen Vorgehen nach Pahl und Beitz verglichen. Der Vergleich beinhaltet den Prozessumfang (welche Phasen des Entwicklungsprozesses werden abgebildet) und ausgewählte Kontext-Aspekte (für welche Art von Entwicklungsvorhaben ist der Ansatz anwendbar). Anhand dieser Aspekte wird diskutiert, welche wesentlichen Unterschiede zwischen den Ansätzen bestehen, wo Überschneidungen existieren und welches Potential die Kombination beider Ansätze in sich birgt. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of the Design Task Description on the course and outcome of idea generation meetings
Gericke, Kilian UL; Schmidt-Kretschmer, Michael; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in McDonnell, Janet; Lloyd, Peter (Eds.) About: Designing - Analysing Design Meetings (2009)

This paper presents the results of an explorative, comparative protocol analysis of two design meetings that focused on identifying how the style of the Design Task Description influences the course and ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of an explorative, comparative protocol analysis of two design meetings that focused on identifying how the style of the Design Task Description influences the course and the outcome of an idea generation meeting. A framework is used to allocate potential influencing factors, including the DTD, and to discuss the various relationships and influences in order to understand the differences in course and outcome of the meetings. The style of the DTD was found to influence the length of the analysis phase and lead to differences in the course of the two idea generation meetings and to a higher idea generation rate. [less ▲]

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