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See detailHiring Processes in Male- and Female-Dominated Occupations: Evidence for Gendered Scarring due to Unemployment
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, September 14)

Spells of unemployment have been shown to negatively affect the hiring chances of job applicants. These so-called "scarring effects" might be gender-specific due to gender bias in recruiters' hiring ... [more ▼]

Spells of unemployment have been shown to negatively affect the hiring chances of job applicants. These so-called "scarring effects" might be gender-specific due to gender bias in recruiters' hiring decisions. However, systematic analyses of the conditions under which scarring effects become gender-specific are missing. Against this background, we examine how gender and the duration of unemployment interactively shape recruiters' hiring decisions. We use data from a multinational factorial survey experiment among recruiters conducted in Switzerland and Norway. By focusing on a male-dominated (mechanics) and a female-dominated occupation (nursing), we test the hypothesis that gendered role expectations affect recruiters' hiring decisions towards unemployed men and women. We find, overall, evidence for heterogeneous scarring effects. By constituting new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment, this study contributes to our understanding of the demand-side barriers to successful and "gender-equal" transitions to employment. [less ▲]

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See detailUpdate Internationales und Europäisches IT-Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 14)

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See detailL'imaginaire de la logique contractuelle : subversion, reconnaissance, résonance - autour de l'arrêt Churchill Falls
Bélanger, André; Saint-Onge, Simon; Dufour, Pascale UL et al

Presentation (2019, September 13)

Les trois conférencier(ière)s, avec la collaboration de Jean-Guy Belley, se proposent d’investir le contrat, instrument juridique qui se donne à penser comme un pharmakon, c’est-à-dire comme un bouc ... [more ▼]

Les trois conférencier(ière)s, avec la collaboration de Jean-Guy Belley, se proposent d’investir le contrat, instrument juridique qui se donne à penser comme un pharmakon, c’est-à-dire comme un bouc-émissaire à qui l’on impute un tort social en contexte néo-libéral. Envisager le contrat comme un pharmakon, c’est, certes, percevoir en lui l’expression d’un oubli de la relation de droit comme relation sociale, mais aussi le potentiel d’une solution à ce même problème. À partir de l’arrêt de la Cour suprême Churchill Falls et à travers le spectre de la Théorie critique (la subversion chez Theodor W. Adorno, la reconnaissance chez Axel Honneth et la résonance chez Hartmut Rosa), l’imaginaire du contrat déploie ces deux facettes que sont celles d’être le poison et le remède au déficit relationnel du lien juridique. [less ▲]

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See detailYoung children's agency in learning novel languages in multilingual environments
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, September 05)

The concept of child agency is highly discussed in the fields of humanities, sociology and education. Whereas children were previously conceptualised as incomplete adults or social becomings in the adult ... [more ▼]

The concept of child agency is highly discussed in the fields of humanities, sociology and education. Whereas children were previously conceptualised as incomplete adults or social becomings in the adult world, children’s agency has undergone a paradigm shift in recent decades. Pioneer early childhood scholars such as Prout and James (1990) and Corsaro (2005) have argued that children are reflexive, agentive and social beings, who construct and re-construct childhood and actively shape socialization processes. Similarly, scholars in the emerging field of preschool bilingual education have stressed children’s active role in language learning processes and in shaping language policies and practices through their own languaging and interactions (Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017; Boyd & Huss, 2017; Schwartz, 2018). These scholars define children’s bilingual agency as the ‘socioculturally mediated capacity to act, as it is reflected in the children’s communicative acts’ (Ahearn, 2001; Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017). From the same sociocultural perspective on learning, educationalist researchers show that preschool children’s agency is embedded in institutional and interactional orders (Huf 2013, Hilpöö et al., 2016). Young children can express a bilingual agency by linguistically supporting each other (Mourão, 2018); discussing and evaluating their own and others’ language practices (Almér, 2017); demonstrating a metalinguistic awareness (Schwartz, 2018); and even by modifying language policy-in-practice (Boyd & Huss, 2017). Moreover, studies suggest that opportunities to use languages flexibly in the classroom may give children some agency over their language use and facilitate their language learning (García & Kleifgen, 2018). Nevertheless, findings on young children’s translanguaging and agency are still scarce, particularly in multilingual contexts involving more than two languages (Kirsch, 2017; Schwartz, 2018). In light of these current trends and gaps in the fields of language learning and education, the present doctoral study gives insights into young children’s agency in learning novel languages in Luxembourg. In this trilingual country, a new law on multilingual education was passed in 2017. This transition from a monolingual to a multilingual language policy was motivated by recent results of national studies which showed that non-Luxembourgish children scored below average in primary school (MENJE, 2017). As the new multilingual language policy strives for social justice and equal opportunities, early childhood practitioners are now required to teach Luxembourgish to the children, familiarize them with French and value their home languages. This doctoral thesis is part of the research project MuLiPEC (Kirsch, 2016-2019) which provided seven practitioners in two formal and two non-formal early childhood education settings with an extensive professional training and individual coaching in multilingual pedagogies. Whereas the main research team examined the practitioners’ changing multilingual practices, knowledge and beliefs, I focused on the children in these settings. I investigated eight two- to four-year-old children’s languaging and agentive behaviour over the period of a year. The present paper focuses on four focal children in two formal education settings. In the précoce, a non-compulsory preschool year for three-year-olds, one Portuguese- and one Cape Verdean Creole-speaking girls learned Luxembourgish as a second language. In the compulsory preschool for children aged four to five, two Spanish-speaking boys had previously learned features of other languages (French, Mallorquí, English) and encountered Luxembourgish as a novel language. Following research questions are addressed: - In what ways and to what extent do the four children deploy their linguistic and non-linguistic repertoires in interaction with peers and teachers? - In what ways and to what extent do the children express a multilingual agency in language learning? - In what ways is the children’s multilingual agency socioculturally embedded? The findings should contribute to the understanding of children’s agency in learning novel languages in early childhood education settings implementing multilingual pedagogies. This longitudinal study drew on multidimensional qualitative methods, including observations, fieldnotes, videography, informal discussions and semi-structural interviews with the practitioners. I visited the two schools bi-weekly for three consecutive days during one academic year. The data presented in this paper stems from 34 days of observations during daily interactions and planned language learning activities; 277 video-recordings in lengths ranging from one to forty minutes; and eight semi-structured interviews. Adopting an emic perspective, the data were firstly examined with a thematic analysis following Braun and Clarke (2006). I coded the fieldnotes and the transcriptions of the video-recordings and classified these codes into different forms of languaging and interactions. As the study adopted a sociocultural perspective on language learning, selected interactions were additionally analysed line-by-line using a ‘sociocultural theory approach to conversation analysis’ inspired by Seedhouse (2005). The analysis proceeded inductively and deductively being influenced by the literature review. Consequently, I identified the children’s agentive behaviour during interactions with their peers and practitioners. The coding and classification were extensively discussed with Schwartz and Kirsch in the process of collaboratively writing an article on child agency. As a result, the emergent themes were called: active participation (e.g. engaging through translanguaging in the morning circle; creatively reproducing the adults’ communication strategies); and language management (e.g. taking a leading role in shaping activities in a specific language; refusing to speak a language). Finally, the observational data and interviews were triangulated (Flick, 2011). To assure accuracy and trustworthiness, the findings were discussed and compared in meetings with further international researchers in the fields of multilingualism and early childhood education. The research project complies with the ethics principles of the National Data Protection Regulatory Agency and the University of Luxembourg. Moreover, the study followed the recognised ethical principles of the British Educational Research Association. The participants gave their informed consent and their anonymity is strictly respected in presentations and publications. The data showed that the children were not passively socialised into the Luxembourgish language, but actively shaped this process by challenging norms through different types of agentive behaviour during interactions and activities (Schwartz 2018). Firstly, the children actively participated through non-verbal communication (e.g. pointing, doing actions); the use of other languages (e.g. home languages or languages picked up in a crèche); and the repetition of formulaic speech (e.g. Luxembourgish, French) after practitioners and peers. Moreover, they creatively reproduced (Corsaro, 2005) the practitioners’ language use (e.g. labelling and asking questions) during peer interactions. Furthermore, they all showed a pragmatic sensitivity (e.g. adapting their languaging to their interlocutors, asking for translations) and one child a cross-linguistic sensitivity (e.g. comparing words in different languages). Secondly, the children’s involvement went beyond active participation as they not only monitored their own language use (e.g. translanguaged to mediate meaning), but managed to shape the language use of their peers and practitioners. This agentive behaviour was characterised by engaging in peer teaching (e.g. giving corrective feedback); shaping and changing activities (e.g. transforming a monolingual activity into a multilingual one); refusing to speak a language (e.g. the home language in favour of the dominant language). By transforming or resisting language practices, the children made choices to act against expectations and norms (Fogle 2012). This finding presumes that these very young children were to some extent conscious about prevailing norms in the settings (Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017). Finally, the triangulation of the data showed that the children’s multilingual agency was shaped by the teachers’ own agency and language practices, which in turn were shaped by their conceptualisations of the children (e.g. competent versus incompetent), the official language policies (e.g. monolingual versus multilingual) and the professional development and coaching they were given by the research team (Kirsch & Aleksić, 2018). References: Ahearn, L. (2001). Language and agency, Annual Review of Anthropology, 30: 109-137. Almér, E. (2017). Children’s beliefs about bilingualism and language use as expressed in child-adult conversations, Multilingua, 36(4): 401-424. Bergroth, M., & Palviainen, Å. (2017). Bilingual children as policy agents: Language policy and education policy in minority language medium Early Childhood Education and Care, Multilingua, 36(4): 375-399. Boyd, S., & Huss, L. (2017). Young children as language policy-makers: studies of interaction in preschools in Finland and Sweden, Multilingua, 36(4), 359-373. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology, Qualitative Research in psychology, 3(2): 77-101. Corsaro, W. (2005). Collective Action and Agency in Young Children’s Peer Cultures. In J. Qvortrup (ed.), Studies in Modern Childhood: Society, Agency, Culture (pp. 231-247). Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillen. Flick, U. (2011). Triangulation - Eine Einführung (3. aktualisierte Auflage). (Reihe Qualitative Sozialforschung). Wiesbaden: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaft. Fogle, L. W. (2012). Second language socialization and learner agency: Talk in three adoptive families. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. García, O., & Kleifgen, J.A. (2018). Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Policies, Programs, and Practices for English Learners (Second edition). New York: Teachers College Press. Hilppö, J., Lipponen, L, Kumpulainen, K., and Rainio A. (2016). Children’s sense of agency in preschool: a sociocultural investigation, International Journal of Early Years Education, 25(2): 157-171. Huf, C. (2013). Children’s agency during transition to formal schooling, Ethnography and Education, 8(1): 61-76. Kirsch, C. (2017). Translanguaging practices during storytelling with the app iTEO in preschools, Translation and Translanguaging in Multilingual Contexts, 3(2): 145-166. Kirsch, C., & Aleksić, G. (2018). The Effect of Professional Development on Multilingual Education in Early Childhood in Luxembourg, Review of European Studies, 10(4): 148-163. Mourão, S. (2018). Play and Peer Interaction in a Low-Exposure Foreign Language Learning Programme. In M. Schwartz (ed.). Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 313-342). Dordrecht: Springer. Prout, A., and James, A. (1990). A new paradigm for the sociology of childhood? Provenance, promise and problems. In A. James and A. Prout (eds.). Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood. Contemporary Issues in Sociological Study of Childhood (pp. 7-34). London: Routledge Falmer. Schwartz, M. (2018). Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents. In: M. Schwartz (ed.), Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 1-26). Dordrecht: Springer. Seedhouse, P. (2005). Conversation Analysis and language learning, Language Teaching 38(4):165-187. [less ▲]

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See detailSignificant Economic Presence and Challenges for the PE Concept
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 03)

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See detailTranslanguaging at Primary School: A longitudinal study on the language practices of a newly-arrived 4th-grader
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, September 03)

Migration flows of the 21st century have led to increasingly multilingual societies and schools. To engage with this ever-evolving multilingualism, students need to develop linguistic repertoires they can ... [more ▼]

Migration flows of the 21st century have led to increasingly multilingual societies and schools. To engage with this ever-evolving multilingualism, students need to develop linguistic repertoires they can use flexibly and strategically. However, not all the resources of their linguistic repertoires are equally valued as language policies tend to exclusively support standard majority language(s). This unequal support translates into low achievement levels among linguistic minority students (Lewis, Jones and Baker 2012) and the reification of social stratification. A growing body of scholars promote flexible multilingual pedagogies that capitalize on students’ linguistic resources with the aim of providing a more equitable access to the curriculum (García and Flores 2012, Weber 2014). Translanguaging, the deployment of a speaker’s full linguistic repertoire (Otheguy et al. 2015), is a pillar of these pedagogies. Although debated in recent years (Hamman 2017, Jaspers 2018), research in bi- and trilingual schools has shown that translanguaging can increase participation (Kirsch 2017), understanding (Baker and Wright 2017) and identity development (García 2009). Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018, Rosiers 2018). The present doctoral project investigates the translanguaging practices of students with different language and migration backgrounds in multilingual Luxembourg. As the country with the highest percentage of immigrants in Europe (Eurostat 2018), Luxembourg has a highly diverse linguistic landscape. This diversity is reflected in the education system, where more than 60% of the students indicate having a dominant language other than Luxembourgish (MENJE 2018), with Portuguese being the most used. Not only is the education system characterized by its linguistic diversity, it also is trilingual in French, Luxembourgish and German, the latter being the main medium of instruction in primary school. Accounting for 40.5% of all curricular time, language instruction leaves little room for other linguistic resources; migrant students’ home languages are largely ignored (Horner and Weber 2018) and teachers widely draw on translanguaging practices that are restricted to shifts into Luxembourgish, a Germanic language (Weber 2014). Luxembourg’s education system fails to provide access to the curriculum for migrant students with a Romance-language background. By contrast, recent studies (Kirsch 2017) have shown that in some Luxembourgish preschool, Year 1 and Year 2 classes, teachers have begun to encourage the deployment of the students’ entire linguistic repertoires. Little attention has, however, been paid to the later years of primary school where the achievement levels of students with a migration background are at their lowest (MENJE 2017). This study targets Year 4. It explores the flexible language use of 4thgraders in different school subjects and the development of their language practices across Years 4 and 5. The present paper is based on one of the three investigated schools and focusses on the classroom interactions of an 11-year-old newly arrived student with a Portuguese background. The following research questions underpin the paper: - In what ways and to what extent does a newcomer deploy his semiotic repertoire while interacting with his peers and this teacher? - In what ways and to what extent do his language practices differ across Year 4 and Year 5? The findings contribute to the understanding of multilingual students’ language practices and their development; provide insight into how linguistic repertoires of students with a Romance-language background can be capitalized on; and help denaturalize the ‘student with a migration background - stereotype’ by shedding light on the importance of translanguaging practices in short-cutting gatekeeping mechanisms that restrict access to educational opportunities for more than 20% of the school population (Horner and Weber 2018). [less ▲]

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See detailEnlightenment now? On the recent resurgence of the idea of human progress.
Durlacher, Thomas UL

Presentation (2019, September 02)

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See detailGrenzraum versus Raum der Grenze. Eine theoretisch-konzeptionelle Perspektivweitung
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, September)

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See detailMaking sense of digital oral history
Bronec, Jakub UL

Presentation (2019, September)

Over the past three decades, oral history (OH) has been deeply transformed by the advent of digital technologies. The digital turn leads to growing number of online OH databases, resulting from “process ... [more ▼]

Over the past three decades, oral history (OH) has been deeply transformed by the advent of digital technologies. The digital turn leads to growing number of online OH databases, resulting from “process-oriented” projects (i.e., life story interviews conducted without specific research questions). Large amounts of such data have been deposited in archives, available not only for secondary analysis by researchers who did not participate in the initial data collection, but also for other social actors like teachers, educators, and documentarists. However, in order to use OH materials efficiently and meaningfully, it is important to understand how people make sense of such video recordings in social interaction. Fundamental questions thus emerge in regard to secondary analysis and practical utilization of archived audiovisual OH material, such as: What are the features of OH interview as a social object? What makes it meaningful and interpretable? How much do we need to know about the socially situated character of the interview in order to understand it properly? Is there “too little” or “too much” context in relation to OH? How do people make sense of OH interviews in social practice, and relate it to their broader historical knowledge? [less ▲]

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See detailWas sind kulturwissenschaftliche Border Studies?
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, September)

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See detailChallenges and problems in the creation of a historical town atlas on the Internet. "Luxatlas" as case study.
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, August 28)

First, an overview of the concept and the current status of the "Luxatlas"-research-project. Followed by a brief presentation of the challenges and problems the research team is facing during the ... [more ▼]

First, an overview of the concept and the current status of the "Luxatlas"-research-project. Followed by a brief presentation of the challenges and problems the research team is facing during the development of an historical town atlas in form of a digital and interactive website. Finally, a presentation of the recently published and freely accessible beta version of the atlas. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Recent Activities at GNSS@TG Stations in the South Atlantic Ocean and the Tracking of Hurricanes Using GNSS
Teferle, Felix Norman UL

Presentation (2019, August 07)

Guest lecture to third year students in Geomatics and Geoinformation at the University of Cape Town. The topics covered the geodetic activities in the South Atlantic Ocean and the tracking of hurricanes ... [more ▼]

Guest lecture to third year students in Geomatics and Geoinformation at the University of Cape Town. The topics covered the geodetic activities in the South Atlantic Ocean and the tracking of hurricanes both involving GNSS. The contents were recently presented orally at IUGG 2019 and ISAES 2019. [less ▲]

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See detailIdealizations and the decomposability of models in science
Durlacher, Thomas UL

Presentation (2019, August 06)

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See detailClustering Based Model Order Reduction For Hyper Elastoplastic Material Models
Vijayaraghavan, Soumianarayanan UL; Beex, Lars UL; Noels, Ludovic et al

Presentation (2019, July 29)

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See detailUsing Hypothetical Vacancies in Factorial Surveys to Study Employers' Hiring Decisions – A Valid Approach?
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

Factorial survey experiments are increasingly employed by scholars interested in understanding the general mechanisms underlying employers' hiring decisions in relation to specific applicant ... [more ▼]

Factorial survey experiments are increasingly employed by scholars interested in understanding the general mechanisms underlying employers' hiring decisions in relation to specific applicant characteristics. Usually, a sample of human resource professionals is asked to rate the hiring chances of hypothetical applicants for a hypothetical job. However, using hypothetical job descriptions for the evaluation of applicants in factorial surveys may reduce the internal and external validity of the results. For example, employers might apply different evaluation standards when assessing the quality of applicant profiles for a hypothetical job (put less/more weight on certain characteristics) because it is difficult to put themselves in the actual hiring situation – affecting the internal validity. In this paper, we contextualize prior factorial survey experiments by examining whether there is a difference in employers' hiring intentions when confronted with real versus hypothetical hiring problems. Despite the growing number of factorial surveys and the potential implications for the validity of these data, this question has been widely neglected so far. We employ a factorial survey experiment among recruiters in different occupational sectors in Luxembourg. Recruiters evaluate the hiring chances of several profiles of hypothetical applicants with varying characteristics either referring to a real vacancy in their company or to a hypothetical (but similar) job type. Preliminary findings suggest no differences in employers hiring decisions based on the type of evaluation used in the factorial survey. The results partly contradict previous findings from pretest data which showed significant differences between the average hiring chances in the two groups. By examining the internal validity of presenting hypothetical vacancies, this study contributes to methodological research on factorial surveys as well as to the literature studying employers' hiring decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailInclusion in Higher Education. Political declarations meet empirical data
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

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See detailAre Cox Regression Models a Valuable Tool for Social Stratification Research on Health? A Simulation Study.
Procopio, Alessandro UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, July 17)

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical ... [more ▼]

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical strategy through which researchers can deal with health inequality. Previous findings suggest considering health as a relevant resource but also one, which is unequally distributed among the members of a population. Along these lines, we focus on the inequality of risks distribution and the social stratification of (non) access to health as a resource. Using the substantive example of health inequality, we perform five Monte Carlo simulations in constructed longitudinal data. Each setting simulates a different source of bias. Specifically: a) Measurement error (misspecification of time measurement); b) Linear dependency between class of origin, destination and mobility effects; c) Omitted variables bias; d) Disentangle of timing/probability effects, namely speed/overall occurrence likelihood of an event; and e) Unobserved heterogeneity among groups. The health-related risks approach in analysing health inequalities has a twofold advantage: a) it splits the health outcome in a true differential and in a stochastic component due to chance and b) it considers only the first – and in most cases more interesting part – as a source of inequality. Moreover, Cox regression models allow for a flexible parameterization conditional to the specific research settings. For instance, addition of frailty parameters to the regression equation can help social scientists to reduce unobserved heterogeneity. This problem is especially encountered in social stratification research when comparing logit transition probabilities. In summary, this study contributes to the current literature by demonstrating the flexibility of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. It further provides valuable analytic avenues for theory-driven empirical research in social scientific health research as it uncovers how various sources of bias affect estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailWilayat Al-Qadi and its Malpractice in Iran, Egypt and Jordan
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

Presentation (2019, July 16)

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See detailLe millefeuille temporel des archives du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 11)

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit ... [more ▼]

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit « nativement numérique », et ce de la sélection et collecte à l’analyse, en passant par l’accès via les interfaces et les médiations qu’elles introduisent, l’enrichissement via des métadonnées ou l’intégration d’outils de fouille. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom financial and monetary innovation to Economic and Monetary Union: the European Investment Bank in the Luxembourg ecosystem
Danescu, Elena UL

Presentation (2019, July 10)

Drawing on archives and oral history sources, this paper aims to illustrate the political and regulatory context surrounding the EIB’s relocation to Luxembourg, exploring how the EIB became an integral ... [more ▼]

Drawing on archives and oral history sources, this paper aims to illustrate the political and regulatory context surrounding the EIB’s relocation to Luxembourg, exploring how the EIB became an integral part of the Luxembourg financial ecosystem and how its main stakeholders (banks, LuxSE, other institutions, regulatory authorities, people, networks, etc.) worked together to encourage financial and monetary innovation before the introduction of the European single currency (EUA, EURCO, ECU) and to pave the way for the establishment and consolidation of the euro. Particular attention will be paid to the benefits (and potential pitfalls) of this synergy over the long term for the EIB’s partners and how it equipped them to deal with the financial crisis. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital History and the Politics of Digitization
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, July 10)

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the ... [more ▼]

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the sources and data, and to a lesser degree the metadata, notwithstanding the latter’s profound political aspects and effects, e.g. with regard to access. To avoid misunderstandings: it is not about the politics of digital humanities more broadly conceived; e.g. about addressing claims that it is incumbent upon DH to fulfil a political mission or become a more self-critical discipline by consciously investigating its own gender, diversity and other biases. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy we do not care for statelessness as we care for asylum?
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2019, July 07)

This presentation address the issue why statelessness is so marginalised in the migration discourse in the European Union even though is a growing phenomenon.

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See detailInnovation et coopération dans les réseaux de données (années 1970-1990)
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore ... [more ▼]

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore EIN, il s'agira d'interroger la place de la coopération technique mais aussi organisationnelle au sein des réseaux de données. Trop ou pas assez de coopération tue-t-il l'innovation? [less ▲]

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See detailMapping Digital Urban History - Use Case Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an ... [more ▼]

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an interactive, dynamic web site, providing insights in the urban development since the beginning of the 19th century at single building level scale. The elaborated historic town Atlas represents a collection of maps and structures (e.g. building, fortress, streets) combined with explanatory texts, chronological tables and images, which all trace the history of the city and illustrate its stages of development. It represents a tool for additional new knowledge with which the historical process of change will be documented diachronically. The target groups are international urban history research and general public. [less ▲]

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See detaille travail social, néolibéralisme et comment s’en sortir
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, July 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (6 UL)
See detailTalent mangement flexibility in a cyclical industry
Usanova, Ksenia UL; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; D'Armagnac, Sophie et al

Presentation (2019, July 02)

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See detailLes fonctions des parlements en démocratie aujourd’hui : quid de la représentation des minorités ?
Poirier, Philippe UL

Presentation (2019, July 02)

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer ... [more ▼]

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer les fonctions politiques primordiales ? [less ▲]

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See detailKooperation und Innovation innerhalb der Amateurfilmclubs der Großregion der langen 60er Jahre
Wack, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, July)

Bien que l'innovation résultant des progrès récents techniques, la manipulation en soit simplifiée et l'amélioration de la qualité, qui ont inspiré des milliers de personnes de la fin des années 50 à ... [more ▼]

Bien que l'innovation résultant des progrès récents techniques, la manipulation en soit simplifiée et l'amélioration de la qualité, qui ont inspiré des milliers de personnes de la fin des années 50 à poursuivre des films abordables à nouveau abordables et à mener des expériences cinématographiques ou techniques doivent être brièvement mentionnés ici; je voudrais mettre l'accent sur l'aspect de la coopération entre les cinéastes. Outre le contexte familial, les cinéastes amateurs étaient actifs dans des clubs qui étaient à l’époque nombreux fondés pour partager, pratiquer et apprendre du matériel financé conjointement, et notamment collaborer à des projets cinématographiques. Ces clubs de cinéma ont été et sont organisés au sein de fédérations au niveau régional, national et international, qui organisent des démonstrations de compétitions à leurs niveaux respectifs. D'une part, les amateurs ont échangé sur le montage ou le montage et ont organisé des soirées de projection qui ont servi de séances de restitution. D'autre part, des œuvres cinématographiques plus ambitieuses n'étaient souvent possibles que dans le travail de l'association, car elles exigeaient une division du travail similaire et une coopération du secteur professionnel. Des tâches telles que l'écriture d'un scénario, l'éclairage, le son, le travail de caméra ou la construction de décors ont été scindées et de nombreux films ont ainsi été coproduits. Au sein de ces «usines de cinéma», qui visaient souvent à recevoir le public et à l’évaluer par un jury composé de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, renonçant ainsi à l’autonomie du film dans le domaine amateur; Parfois, des expériences cinématographiques ont émergé au-delà de la construction narrative habituelle de la «version standard» de la production commerciale Comme dans la plupart des cas, l’aspect social a joué un rôle important dans la vie et le travail de ses membres. Par conséquent, en plus des sources cinématographiques, la vie en club fait également partie de la recherche: la vie sociale des membres d’un club de cinéma est-elle différente de, par exemple, celle de club de sport et la socialisation culturelle populaire des membres et de leur environnement se retrouve-t-elle dans le club et la pratique? Dès les années 50, outre la coopération régulière entre les clubs de cinéma amateur voisins, il existait également des échanges internationaux entre des clubs de la Grande Région, tels que le club de l'auteur Cinéastes et Vidéastes de Luxembourg asbl (CAL) et le groupe de film et vidéo amateur Saarbrücken eV (AFK). Les réunions d’association et les compétitions des associations nationales ainsi que de l’UNICA (l’association internationale des clubs de cinéma amateur), organisées chaque année dans différents endroits du monde et encourageant ainsi les membres à voyager ensemble, ont contribué à la vitalité des échanges et à la compréhension internationale. [less ▲]

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See detailRound table Coding Europe: decoding its history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, June 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (2 UL)
See detailAmbivalences in the Governmentality of Alternative Food Networks: convenience, social selectivity and marketability
Reckinger, Rachel UL

Presentation (2019, June 26)

Recently, a number of resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have arisen in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paired with high consumer demands ... [more ▼]

Recently, a number of resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have arisen in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paired with high consumer demands for organic produce. The main impact that heterodox actors can have seems to be the creation of resourcefulness from innovative niches, not designed to be upscaled but spread by ubiquitous networking. The motivations of actors involved in such social movements, albeit diverse, tend to stem from a stance of care and ethical (self)government, often using community self-organisation-tools. Based on qualitative interviews and participant observation, we expand on four case studies of fruit and vegetable production as well as unpackaged and socially responsible food retail in Luxembourg. One has been established since the 1980s with over 200 employees, partly in social insertion measures, producing and importing organic fruit and vegetables. Since 2014, three significantly smaller initiatives with higher citizen involvement have emerged. These recent initiatives are more radical in their agro-ecological and/or permaculture practices, proposing a political enacting of circular economy precepts. Yet, daily practices stay embedded in social, cultural and economic constraints and in routines, which are built on tacit knowledge and engrained convenience. By analysing ethical entrepreneurship and the governmentality at its core as well as ambivalences and paradoxes within convenience, social selectivity and marketability, this paper touches on interrelations between food policies and the politics of contested claims for, and practices of, social and environmental justice. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Performance Parallel Coupling of OpenFOAM+XDEM
Besseron, Xavier UL; Pozzetti, Gabriele; Rousset, Alban UL et al

Presentation (2019, June 21)

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See detailShort Introduction to the Roofline Model
Besseron, Xavier UL

Presentation (2019, June 20)

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See detailMonitoring & Profiling II (Advanced performance engineering)
Plugaru, Valentin UL; Besseron, Xavier UL

Presentation (2019, June 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (0 UL)
See detailAnalysing and reconstructing the Internet and Web of the 1990s. A round table
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, June 19)

This round table is dedicated to the topic “The 1990s as a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web”. Participants : Niels Brügger, Geert Lovink, Ian Milligan, Patrick Pétin, Valérie Schafer, Michael ... [more ▼]

This round table is dedicated to the topic “The 1990s as a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web”. Participants : Niels Brügger, Geert Lovink, Ian Milligan, Patrick Pétin, Valérie Schafer, Michael Stevenson, Felix Tréguer. The round table is organised with the authors of a special issue of Internet Histories, which I coedited with Benjamin Thierry and which incorporates several themes identified in the call for papers: Web and Internet histories, archives and access, digital activism and Web history, historicising the Web and digital culture, and social imaginaries of the early Web. Several of the authors of this issue dedicated to the 90s have agreed to exchange and compare their views, methods, problems and expertise, not by presenting the papers they wrote for the issue but rather by engaging in a dialogue based on four central questions that will shed light on the history of the “digital turn”: - How and why were the 1990s a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web? - Why do we link/intertwine the Internet and the Web: is this relevant? What are the limits and advantages of this approach in analytical terms? - What methods, sources, issues and limits come into play when we attempt to reconstruct the history of the 1990s? - What type of approach is the most relevant and effective: a bottom-up or top-down approach? A study that explores the fringes or one that remains rooted in the mainstream? A US-centric or a more global, or local, or decentralized approach? A discipline-based approach or an interdisciplinary one? Themes explored by the contributors include in particular Perl and the technology and culture of the early Web, the development of the digital rights movement in France, the emergence of a cyberculture in Amsterdam in the 1990s, integration of myths into the Internet and Web’s popular histories, development of an analytical infrastructure to rebuild the history of the 90s. This round table will provide a rich seam of historiographical and methodological perspectives, through the interaction of authors with highly diverse approaches, whether in terms of sources (grey literature, technical guides and handbooks for the general public, legal or state reports, press and audio-visual archives, oral histories, web archives), methods (examining the portrayal of the Web and the Internet in speeches or contemporary representations, analysing controversial issues of the time, incorporating STS notions, etc.) or perspectives (European or North American approaches, the study of software, infrastructures, online content, etc.). This in turn will foster a dialogue with the audience on the writing and shaping of histories of the Internet, the Web and also digital cultures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (3 UL)
See detailDilthey Reloaded. Für eine digitale Hermeneutik in den Geisteswissenschaften
Fickers, Andreas UL

Presentation (2019, June 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 177 (1 UL)
See detailMaking Deposit-Funded Credit Institutions Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, June 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (3 UL)
See detailDie Commons als Protest – zwischen Präsenz und Repräsentation
Becker, Katrin UL

Presentation (2019, June 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
See detailExploring the French Web of the 90s
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, June 06)

Panel: National webs Niels Brügger, School of Communication and Culture – Media Studies, Aarhus University Ditte Laursen, Royal Danish Library Friedel Geeraert, State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium ... [more ▼]

Panel: National webs Niels Brügger, School of Communication and Culture – Media Studies, Aarhus University Ditte Laursen, Royal Danish Library Friedel Geeraert, State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium Kees Teszelszky, KB – National Library of the Netherlands Valérie Schafer, University of Luxembourg Daniel Gomes, Arquivo.pt – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia Opportunities and challenges in collecting and studying national webs A key issue for web archivists (particularly in national libraries) and for scholars alike is the meaning of the national web. Archivists working with legal deposit must work with a definition of their national web, which may be based on the ccTLD, but also on domain registration, the location of servers and/or other criteria. Scholars must then interpret those archives in the light of those definitions. Others studying nations without such legal frameworks face different challenges in working with archives compiled on a selective basis, or with materials held in multiple archives. This panel brings together several of the contributors to ‘The Historical Web and Digital Humanities: The Case of National Webs’, (Routledge, 2019, edited by Niels Brügger and Ditte Laursen). After briefly summarising their own contribution, they will discuss together the particular challenges of defining and then collecting the national web, and on studying the national web with the resulting archives. The panel will be introduced, moderated and concluded by Ditte Laursen & Valérie Schafer. Ditte Laursen (Royal Library, Denmark) investigates how a corpus to support historical study of a national web can be established within national web archives, which usually hold several versions of the same web entity. Examining different datasets from the Danish national web archive 2005–2015, and the different ways these are handled, she demonstrates significant differences between results, with possible implications for research. The Belgian web is currently not systematically archived. Friedel Geeraert (State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium) presents PROMISE, a research project into the feasibility of a sustainable web archiving service for Belgium. She traces the history of the Belgian web from the establishment of the .be domain in 1988 to the present, situating it in its historical, political, and legal context. Kees Teszelszky (KB – National Library of the Netherlands) explores the research opportunities of the Dutch national web for future historians by describing the development and unique characteristics of the Dutch national web. Using traditional historical methods and web archaeology, much historic data can be reconstructed, even though the KB web archive started only in 2007. Valérie Schafer (University of Luxembourg) draws on the experience of the French Web90 project to show the approaches, tools and methodologies used to sketch a broad historical picture of the French web during the 1990s, and the challenges the project faced. No organisation has formal, ongoing responsibility of whole-domain archiving for .eu, one of the largest and most popular European top-level domains, Daniel Gomes (Arquivo.pt) presents an overview of archiving activities related to .eu, including the only known effort to date to archive the entire domain. He also proposes a number of options for sustainable, long-term archiving for .eu. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (2 UL)
See detailChildren of Transformation
Venken, Machteld UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

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See detailLa gouvernementalité algorithmique et la frontière
Becker, Katrin UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

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See detailEpidemiology of and inequalities in ageing
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (4 UL)
See detailBrain health and dementia risk reduction
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

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See detailSocial work education: when neoliberalism meets inclusion
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

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See detailInteractional Competence enacted in Multilingual Turn-Taking
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL

Presentation (2019, May 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (6 UL)
See detailDigitising the Humanities: World War I Digital Exhibitions
Camarda, Sandra UL

Presentation (2019, May 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (3 UL)
See detailMapping the climate finance architecture and the key legal challenges
Alexandraki, Chrysa UL

Presentation (2019, May 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL)
See detailL'histoire de l'Europe au XXe siècle à travers les caricatures comme source?
Gabellini, Marco UL

Presentation (2019, May 21)

Ce séminaire s'interroge sur le rôle de la caricature comme source pour raconter l'histoire de l'Europe au XXe siècle. Il s'agit d'analyser les procédés de la caricature et le rôle qu’elle a joué dans l ... [more ▼]

Ce séminaire s'interroge sur le rôle de la caricature comme source pour raconter l'histoire de l'Europe au XXe siècle. Il s'agit d'analyser les procédés de la caricature et le rôle qu’elle a joué dans l'évolution des représentations de l'Europe à travers l'histoire. La caricature devient ainsi une source historique et un objet de recherche à part entière, qui vient compléter avec son message visuel, son ton décalé et humoristique les sources écrites ou orales. [less ▲]

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See detailThe retail challenge to bail-in
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, May 21)

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See detailWhite-Box and Asymmetrically Hard Crypto Design
Biryukov, Alex UL

Presentation (2019, May 18)

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and ... [more ▼]

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and weak-WBC. [less ▲]

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See detailBorderlands and Children in Interwar Europe
Venken, Machteld UL

Presentation (2019, May 16)

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See detailFinTech, Financial Inclusion and Sustainable Investment
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

Presentation (2019, May 16)

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See detailSingle-peakedness in aggregation function theory
Devillet, Jimmy UL; Couceiro, Miguel; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

Presentation (2019, May 14)

Due to their great importance in data fusion, aggregation functions have been extensively investigated for a few decades. Among these functions, fuzzy connectives (such as uninorms) play an important role ... [more ▼]

Due to their great importance in data fusion, aggregation functions have been extensively investigated for a few decades. Among these functions, fuzzy connectives (such as uninorms) play an important role in fuzzy logic. We establish a remarkable connection between a family of associative aggregation functions, which includes the class of idempotent uninorms, and the concepts of single-peakedness and single-plateaudness, introduced in social choice theory by D. Black. Finally, we enumerate those orders when the underlying set is finite. [less ▲]

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See detailUn nouveau narratif de l’integration européenne au défi des sources orales (Documentaire biographique et Podcast)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL

Presentation (2019, May 11)

À l’ère numérique et face à un besoin croissant de connaissance, l’histoire fait appel à de nouvelles sources. Depuis le milieu des années 1970, l’histoire orale enrichit progressivement les sources et la ... [more ▼]

À l’ère numérique et face à un besoin croissant de connaissance, l’histoire fait appel à de nouvelles sources. Depuis le milieu des années 1970, l’histoire orale enrichit progressivement les sources et la méthodologie de la recherche sur l’intégration européenne, aux côtés des sources traditionnelles (archives, sources éditées, publications officielles, etc) ou nouvelles (web-archives, bases de données en ligne). Cette «continuité épistémologique entre l’écrit et l’oral» (Bloch, 1921) implique que les sources et ressources orales contribuent à la construction et à la transmission du savoir historique, tout en lui apportant une dimension à la fois mémorielle et patrimoniale (Ritchie, 2003). Même si l’histoire orale se dessine comme une « histoire négociée » (Janesick, 2010) ou une « histoire intermédiée, sous influence » (Descamps, 2006) – à savoir réélaborée par l’historien de concert avec le témoin – elle est reconnue comme une discipline des sciences humaines dont l’analyse critique demeure essentielle. Sur la base de ce volet original, de documents audiovisuels issus des archives Werner et d’autres sources inédites, nous avons réalisé le documentaire biographique (audiovisuel) « Pierre Werner, une vocation européenne », qui retrace le parcours personnel de cet homme d’État et se focalise sur le rapport Werner (1970) qui a jeté les bases de l’UEM et de l’euro. Dans une démarche différente, nous avons aussi réalisé la série de podcasts « Un homme dans son siècle » (7 épisodes de 10 minutes) qui à retrace, à travers des étapes-clés de la vie de Werner, un siècle d’histoire luxembourgeoise et européenne. On tente de montrer, dans le contexte de l’époque, comment son action a influé sur l’évolution et le rayonnement du Luxembourg après la Seconde Guerre Mondiale: les réformes de société, la stratégie de diversification économique, l’essor de la place financière internationale et l’émergence du projet de satellites de télécommunications (SES). A travers cette communication, nous poursuivons un double objectif. - concernant le documentaire biographique audiovisuel, nous souhaitons décrire cette expérience originale et, plus particulièrement, revenir sur les écueils dans la réalisation d’un récit biographique qui dégage, en même temps, un nouveau narrative de l’UEM. La mémoire individuelle de nombreux témoins qui croisent leurs souvenirs et nous livrent leurs perceptions spécifiques sur divers événements de la construction européenne et le rôle de Werner trouvent ainsi écho dans la mémoire collective. - concernant les podcasts radio (réalisées dans une approche différente) nous souhaitons exposer l’émergence de la démarche méthodologique, ainsi que la construction effective de la série. On montre la manière de sélectionner et combiner témoignages oraux, archives audiovisuelles, interventions d’experts pour créer un récit original destiné au public le plus large, tout en conservant une approche historique rigoureuse. [less ▲]

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See detailWeak emergence, computer simulations and complex systems
Durlacher, Thomas UL

Presentation (2019, May 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 UL)
See detailMaking Deposit-Funded Credit Institutions Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, May 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (0 UL)
See detailDoing History in the Digital Age - On Hybridity, Hermeneutics and the Politics of Digitisation
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, May 09)

This talk centers around the changing practice of doing history in the digital age, seen within the broader historical context of developments in the so-called digital humanities. It argues that there is ... [more ▼]

This talk centers around the changing practice of doing history in the digital age, seen within the broader historical context of developments in the so-called digital humanities. It argues that there is too much emphasis on tools and data while too little attention is being paid to how the practice of doing history is changing as a result of the digital turn. It will also contextualise and historicise what we mean by ‘digital turn’ and, indeed, ‘digital history’; the current buzz around digital humanities notwithstanding, computers have been used in humanities research since at least the late 1940s. And as long as they have existed, the question of their uptake in humanist and historical research practices has been debated. So what, then, is new? In his talk, Zaagsma will focus on three key points that are relevant to debates about digital history. First of all, he will argue that in many ways hybridity is the new normal, and in fact has been for a much longer time than is often suggested. Nonetheless, we still need a more conscious hybrid approach to historical research that combines ’traditional’ with digital hermeneutical approaches in a new practice of doing history. Secondly, he will discuss how such digital hermeneutical approaches can be seen, in light of the often-voiced scepticism that ‘classic’ hermeneutical approaches are undermined by supposedly new, digital quantitative and/or positivist methodologies. And thirdly, he will address the broader issue of how digitisation affects historical research, and the stories we can and cannot tell, in ways that historians are only beginning to understand. [less ▲]

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See detailConceptualising and representing sex and gender diversity in sex education material in the context of disability: The TRASE Word Bank
De Silva, Adrian UL; Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, May 09)

Conceptualising and representing sex and gender diversity in sex education material in the context of disability: The TRASE Word Bank According to the UN Convention on the Rights of People with ... [more ▼]

Conceptualising and representing sex and gender diversity in sex education material in the context of disability: The TRASE Word Bank According to the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (UNCRPD, 2006), people with disabilities are entitled to respect for privacy (Art. 22), home and family (Art. 23) and education (Art. 24), including sex education. Considering the ideological and structural impediments to sexuality and reproduction (cf. Löfgren-Mårtenson, 2014; Desjardins, 2012) and the high risk of experiencing sexual violence people with intellectual disabilities face, appropriate sex education takes on a pivotal role in safeguarding a self-determined sexuality and the right to reproduction. From Sept. 2015 to Aug. 2017, the University of Luxembourg was involved in the transnational and interdisciplinary ERASMUS Plus project “Training in Sex Education for People with Disabilities” (TRASE). The objective of this follow-up project to the Grundtvig-funded SEAD project was to design a course sensitive to cultural, national and institutional conditions to train professional carers of people with intellectual and cognitive disabilities to talk about sexuality and to acknowledge the sexual and reproductive rights of their clients. The 13-module-course includes revisions and the development of new tools that are altogether accessible to a broad range of people with learning, intellectual, cognitive and communication difficulties and devised to facilitate communication on issues regarding sexuality. One of the major questions for revising existing or devising new tools, respectively, was how to conceptualise and represent human diversity featuring in contemporary Western societies, hence avoiding that people with intellectual disabilities, who cannot or do not want to follow conservative sexual and gender norms are rendered ever more vulnerable. The TRASE Word Bank draws upon social constructionist and deconstructionist theories of gender and sexuality (e.g. Garfinkel, 1967; Weeks, 1989; Butler, 1990; 1997; Hirschauer, 1994; 1999; Cromwell, 1999; Fausto-Sterling, 2000; Schirmer, 2010) and critical race and intersectional theories (e.g. Crenshaw, 1989). Methodologically, it severs gender from morphology and bases gender on self-definition instead, whilst continuing to acknowledge common genders; presents a variety of body parts in a non-polarising way in its pictograms; uses gender-neutral terminology to describe sexualised body parts; addresses a host of sexual arrangements; devotes equal attention to reproduction and contraception, hence avoiding the widespread notion that people with disabilities cannot or should not reproduce (cf. Siebers, 2012) and presents humans in a non-racialised way. As a result, the TRASE Word Bank attempts to enable people with intellectual and learning disabilities with basic reading competency or who can read with assistance to understand that human sexualities, bodies and genders are diverse, to become aware of sexual options that best suit their individual personalities, to learn to accept themselves as unconventional men, unusual women, trans, non-binary or intersex people, to reinforce their right to decide responsibly on issues relating to reproduction and to learn to respect human diversity. The Trase project home page is available at: https://www.traseproject.com [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (7 UL)
See detailNon-ramification de l'algèbre de Hecke en poids un
Wiese, Gabor UL

Presentation (2019, May 09)

Soit S l'espace des formes modulaires de Hilbert paraboliques en poids parallèle un géométriquement défini sur un corps fini et soit T l'algèbre de Hecke qui agit fidèlement sur S. Nous esquissons une ... [more ▼]

Soit S l'espace des formes modulaires de Hilbert paraboliques en poids parallèle un géométriquement défini sur un corps fini et soit T l'algèbre de Hecke qui agit fidèlement sur S. Nous esquissons une démonstration que la représentation galoisienne à valeurs dans T est non-ramifiée au dessus de p. Ceci peut être considéré comme un premier pas vers un théorème de type R=T liant les formes modulaires de poids un et les représentations non-ramifiées au-dessus de p. Travail commun avec Shaunak Deo et Mladen Dimitrov. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Macroeconomic Tail Risk
Penasse, Julien UL

Presentation (2019, May 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL)
See detailZur Situation des Französischunterrichts in Luxemburg
Morys, Nancy UL

Presentation (2019, May 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (1 UL)
See detailExperimente unerwünscht!?! Sonntagsfilme der Konsumgesellschaft im lokalen Wettbewerb mit ambitioniertem Autorenfilm 
Wack, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, May)

Aufgrund einer großen Anzahl unterschiedlicher Definitionen des Avantgarde-Begriffes in verschiedenen Feldern durch die Jahrzehnte ist es von Vorteil sich zunächst auf einige grundlegende Parameter zu ... [more ▼]

Aufgrund einer großen Anzahl unterschiedlicher Definitionen des Avantgarde-Begriffes in verschiedenen Feldern durch die Jahrzehnte ist es von Vorteil sich zunächst auf einige grundlegende Parameter zu einigen, die den Begriff ein- und abgrenzen, bevor er Eingang in die Debatte findet. Mit dem Mainstream verhält es sich etwas einfacher, denn obschon seine Begrifflichkeit sehr weitläufig ist, ist er in sich homogener und Teil des Alltagsdiskurses geworden. Sind eine Vorreiterrolle, oder auch ein Bestreben nach sozialer Neuerung und politischem Umschwung, Abkehr von Traditionen, Elemente die man in der Praxis der Amateurfilmclubs der Großregion in den 60er Jahren findet? Das Amateurfilmen erfreute sich in Folge neuester Entwicklungen in der Schmalfilmtechnologie in den langen 60er Jahren großer Beleibtheit, in- und außerhalb des Vereinskontexts Es war unter anderem dieser technische Fortschritt, der, neben neuerlich erschwinglichem Material, vereinfachter Handhabung und verbesserter Qualität, einlud, inhaltliche, technische und künstlerische Experimente zu unternehmen. Während der Großteil der Clubmitglieder sich auf ähnliche Motive wie seine Kollegen außerhalb der Vereine beschränkte, bspw. Familienfeiern, -ausflüge oder Reisen, fühlten sich einige Mitglieder zur Filmautorenschaft berufen und kreierten als Drehbuchautor, Regisseur und Kameramann in Personalunion anspruchsvollere Filmwerke; hauptsächlich zur Vorführung in vereinsinternen, regionalen, nationalen und internationalen Wettbewerben. Doch auch innerhalb dieses aufwendiger produzierten Werkkorpus’, der v.a. der Übersetzung der zeitgenössischen Alltagskultur auf Zelluloid Raum gab, wurde nur eine geringe Anzahl von Filmen, die avantgardistische Merkmale aufweist, produziert. Die wenigsten waren visuell, inhaltlich oder technisch radikal oder innovativ jenseits bekannter Lesweisen. Im Gegenteil gab es Ausnahmefälle kommerzieller Auftragsarbeiten, oder Amateurproduktionen, die im Nachhinein vom Fernsehen aufgekauft wurden. Die Filmarbeiten verschiedener Genres waren oft nur innerhalb der Vereinsarbeit möglich, da ambitionierte Produktionen nach Arbeitsteilung und Kooperation ähnlich dem professionellen Sektor verlangten. Zum einen tauschten die Amateure sich über Schnitt-, Licht- oder Montagetechniken aus, zum anderen wurden Aufgaben wie Beleuchtung und Ton oder Kulissenbau aufgeteilt, viele Filme so zu Gemeinschafts-produktionen. Neben dieser mehr industrialisierte, organisierte Form des Amateurfilms, die oft auf die Rezeption des Publikums und die Bewertung durch eine Jury Gleichgesinnter abzielte, und so die dem Amateur eigene Autonomie vom Filmbetrieb aufgab; gab es wenige Versuche, Filme, die nicht dem üblichen Narrativkonstrukt der ‘Standard-Version’ des kommerziellen Produktionswesens entsprachen, zu drehen. In Hochzentren kultureller Produktion wie New York, London, Paris oder Los Angeles kam es zu gelegentlichem Austausch zwischen Amateur- und kommerzieller sowie nicht-kommerzieller Filmproduktion, welche sich jeweils beeinflußten. Da die Großregion dieser Jahre bezüglich kultureller Produktion und Amateurpartizipation getrost als Peripherie bezeichnet werden kann, mag einer der Gründe für die geringe Repräsentation innovativer oder experimenteller Filmarbeiten die geringe Abdeckung durch Kunst-und Filmakademien sein, die einen Austausch, wie er der Avantgarde eigen ist, hätten anregen können. Doch auch international und in größeren Städten existierte kaum eine lebendige Avantgarde-Szene innerhalb von Amateurfilmklubnetzwerken. Weitere Gründe, die sich überregional anwenden lassen, könnten daher die Institutionalisierung (gegen die die Avantgarde generell anging) durch die Club- und Verbandsstruktur und das Wettbewerbsverhalten, das mit ‘Mainstreaming’ einher geht; sowie die Demografie der Clubs sein. Letztere war in der Großregion - wie international - stark homogen (was wiederum in Kontrast mit der Avantgarde steht) und von technisch interessierten, arbeitenden Männern mittleren und fortgeschrittenen Alters - d.h. kulturell während und kurz nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg sozialisiert - bestimmt. Neben den eigentlichen Filmquellen ist auch das Vereinsleben Teil der Recherchen: Unterscheidet sich das Sozialleben der Mitglieder eines Filmclubs von dem eines Sportvereins und findet die populärkulturelle Sozialisation der Mitglieder und ihrer Angehörigen Eingang in Vereinsleben und Filmproduktionen? [less ▲]

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See detailSchulpsychologie – wissenschaftlich fundiert
Böhmer, Matthias UL

Presentation (2019, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (2 UL)
See detailMeasurement of Social Participation in Family and School
Stöcker, Anne UL

Presentation (2019, May)

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See detailBrauchen wir noch Kontinuitätenbiografien? Der Fall Franz Thedieck (1900-1995)
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2019, April 29)

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See detailBuilding Bridges or a Bridge Too Far? The "Macedonia" Name Agreement, and the Past, Present and Future of Greek Interstate Relations.
Paravantis, Spero UL

Presentation (2019, April 29)

The “Macedonia” name issue has been a constant point of contention between Greece and the newly re-named Republic of North Macedonia, since the breakup of Yugoslavia. With the origins of the dispute ... [more ▼]

The “Macedonia” name issue has been a constant point of contention between Greece and the newly re-named Republic of North Macedonia, since the breakup of Yugoslavia. With the origins of the dispute stretching back to the Second World War, the “Prespa Agreement,” signed between the two Balkan neighbors in June 2018 (coming into force in February 2019) is hoped to be a new beginning in interstate relations in the Balkans. Through Prime Ministers Tspiras and Zeav have adopted warm facades in front of the cameras, significant opposition to the agreement domestically and abroad highlights the transnational / international legacy and implications of this dispute. In this lecture, Dr, Spero Paravantes will examine the history of the dispute over the name “Macedonia.” He will then explain the Prespa Agreement, some of the controversies surrounding it, and he will discuss the role played in the dispute (and in the agreement) by foreign diplomats. He will concluded with an assessment of the domestic and international implications of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), becoming the Republic of North Macedonia. (Link: http://events.berkeley.edu/index.php/calendar/sn/ies.html?event_ID=124978&date=2019-04-29&filter=Target/Open%20To%20Audiences&filtersel=) (Summary: https://ies.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/shared/docs/newsletters/IES%20Spring%202019%20News%20final.pdf) [less ▲]

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See detailÜber Bildungskategorien in der „Community Music“. Überlegungen zur Ausbildung in der Blasmusik
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, April 28)

Während das Konzept des formalen, nicht-formalen und informellen Lernens in seinen allgemeinen Orientierungen als bekannt vorausgesetzt werden kann, gilt dies weniger für die Musikpädagogik. Die ... [more ▼]

Während das Konzept des formalen, nicht-formalen und informellen Lernens in seinen allgemeinen Orientierungen als bekannt vorausgesetzt werden kann, gilt dies weniger für die Musikpädagogik. Die Sichtweise auf die Kategorien des Lernens im Allgemeinen, auf die Musikpädagogik und auf die Musikausübung von Amateuren im Besonderen wird Gegenstand der folgenden Zeilen sein. Darüber hinaus wird das Konzept der „community music“ (CM), für das sich in der deutschen Sprache keine geeignete Übersetzung findet, vorgestellt werden. Der Begriff „community music“ ist nicht an einer einzigen Definition festzumachen. Zunächst scheint es, als wäre er komplett losgelöst von traditionellen Methoden des Lernens formaler und nicht-formaler Art aufzufassen und eher der Kategorie informellen Lernens zuzuordnen. In neueren Ansätzen wird CM als Teil der Inklusion und Partizipation in einem assoziativen Umfeld gesehen und als Mittel, die Barriere zwischen traditioneller Musikpädagogik und den Anforderungen der musizierenden Menschen zu überwinden. Auf der anderen Seite versteht sich CM als Gegenentwurf zur musikalischen Hochkultur Das Konzept von CM eignet sich in besonderem Maße, um den Prozess der musikalischen Ausbildung junger Menschen darzustellen. Einerseits beginnt dieser oft mit einer Amateurphase, um später, für die talentiertesten, zum Berufsleben zu führen. Andererseits beschreibt CM die Ausbildung und den Weg junger Musiker hin zu Laienmusikorganisationen. Schließlich zeichnet CM das lebenslange Wirken von Amateurmusikern nach. In meinem Beitrag werde ich Definitionen für die drei Kategorien von Bildung in Bezug auf die Musikpädagogik anbieten. (Dabei kann nicht ignoriert werden, dass es im wissenschaftlichen Diskurs für den Aspekt der non-formalen Bildung im Zusammenhang mit Musik keinen Konsens gibt.) Schließlich wird, mithilfe der in Europa gängigen künstlerischen Praxis des Blasmusikwesens, die Verbindung der beiden Konzepte – Bildungskategorien und CM – exemplifiziert. [less ▲]

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See detailTeaching and learning in an internationalized context: challenges and strategies
Deroey, Katrien UL

Presentation (2019, April 26)

The internationalization of higher education has led to a variety of contexts in which native and non-native speakers of English teach students with different cultural, educational and linguistic ... [more ▼]

The internationalization of higher education has led to a variety of contexts in which native and non-native speakers of English teach students with different cultural, educational and linguistic backgrounds through the medium of English. In this talk, I will survey the key issues associated with ‘English Medium Instruction’ for lecturers and students. In addition, we will look at linguistic and pedagogical strategies that can facilitate teaching and learning in these contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Higher-Order Prover Leo-III
Steen, Alexander UL

Presentation (2019, April 26)

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See detailFlipped classroom and didactic approach in big classrooms
Kreis, Yves UL

Presentation (2019, April 24)

Three years ago, Yves Kreis, senior lecturer at the FLSHASE, started to flip the first semester lecture of didactics of mathematics in the Bachelor of Educational Sciences. He will explain the reasons ... [more ▼]

Three years ago, Yves Kreis, senior lecturer at the FLSHASE, started to flip the first semester lecture of didactics of mathematics in the Bachelor of Educational Sciences. He will explain the reasons, discuss the (revised) approach and describe the use of (available) technology. He will also present known pedagogical methods for collaborative learning with large groups as well as give examples of possible tasks for active learning in an auditorium. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire des réseaux: enjeux, évolutions et perspectives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 23)

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les espaces concernés par ces recherches. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Web des années 1990: entre données et reconstructions
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 14)

Cette présentation revient sur les travaux menées autour de l'histoire du Web des années 1990 et présente les enjeux de lecture proche et distante des archives du Web au sein de cette recherche.

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See detailTranslanguaging in a Multilingual Classroom in Luxembourg
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, April 12)

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non ... [more ▼]

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non-linguistic resources. Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018). In multilingual Luxembourg, over 60% of the students indicate to have a dominant home language other than Luxembourgish, with Portuguese being the most used language (MENJE 2018). Considering that theteaching of Luxembourgish, French and German accounts for 40.5% of the instruction time, little room is left for the students’ home languages and the school system is particularly challenging for the students whose language repertoires deviate from the official curriculum. The present doctoral project investigates how primary school students with a migration background deploy their language repertoires to learn. In this paper, I examine the extent to which two fourth-graders with a Portuguese background and a different migration experience mobilize their languages while interacting with the teacher and peers. Data stem from eighteen days of observation and video-recordings. The thematic analysis focuses on the students’ participation and their language use in different school subjects. Preliminary findings show that the students participate unequally and use their languages differently in terms of purpose and frequency and depending on their migration experience. The findings are tentative because data collection is on-going. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian Judges in the early history of the European Court of Justice (1951-73)
Fritz, Vera UL

Presentation (2019, April 11)

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See detailMusic education in general schools. Teachers and their Anxiety Facing the Task
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, April 10)

The beneficial effect of music and music education on general education, but also on the individual, has been the subject of a number of (controversial) studies, such as long-term observation in basic ... [more ▼]

The beneficial effect of music and music education on general education, but also on the individual, has been the subject of a number of (controversial) studies, such as long-term observation in basic schools in Berlin. H.G. Bastian and his team (2002) have demonstrated the beneficial social effect of in-depth musical education. Other research has revealed a persistent lack of confidence in music education for students and teachers (Holden / Button 2006) . Still others have analysed the potential of extracurricular music education (Kivi 2018) . The anguish of non-specialized trainers in music education is often reflected in clichéd arguments such as: "I haven't done solfege; I'm not musical; I can't sing" So the lack of declarative knowledge prevents skills. The aim is to highlight concepts developed with the focus on two musical traditions (German and French), e.g. the G.D. of Luxembourg, with the aim to provide future teachers with didactic skills. [less ▲]

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See detailKartographische Ressourcen im Internet, ein Überblick
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

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See detailGoogle My Maps: Ein Tool für die Erstellung einfacher historischer Karten
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

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See detailGrapheme spelling in different linguistic contexts
Ugen, Sonja UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

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See detailOn the Mediation of Human Rights in Times of Cold War
Kesteloot, Stefanie UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

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See detailHistorische Karten aus der Maas-Mosel-Region - Analysemethoden zur Komplexität historischer Grenzen in der Praxis
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen ... [more ▼]

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen oder Linien gewissermaßen auf das Blatt. Kartographie und Grenzen gehören deshalb im Kontext der Territorialpolitik auch untrennbar zusammen. Karten dienen einerseits nach innen einer möglichst präzisen Raumerfassung und somit als wichtige Informationsquelle und Orientierungshilfe für den Landesherrn. Gleichzeitig werden sie aber auch nach außen als Mittel politischer Propaganda und zur Durchsetzung von territorialen Ansprüchen gebraucht. Durch die Analyse kartographischer Quellen wird eine tiefergehende Annäherung an die Charakteristik und Ausprägung von Grenzräumen versucht. Dazu werden exemplarisch zwei Grenzregionen in den Blick genommen: Zum einen die luxemburgisch-französische Grenze des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts sowie die kurtrierisch-luxemburgische Grenze im späten 18. Jahrhundert. Wie lassen sich Grenzen in dieser Zeit definieren und welche Funktion spielten Karten bei ihrer Festlegung, Ausprägung und Durchsetzung? [less ▲]

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See detailLiving within a multicultural society: Implications for en – and acculturation processes
Murdock, Elke UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

In Luxembourg, nearly half of the population is foreign – the foreign population percentage currently stands at 48%. Within this context majority and minority become fluid with the migration process ... [more ▼]

In Luxembourg, nearly half of the population is foreign – the foreign population percentage currently stands at 48%. Within this context majority and minority become fluid with the migration process itself being fluid, ranging from daily migration (transnational commuters), to medium-term stays, return visits and permanent immigration including uptake of citizenship. Second generation immigrants live alongside new arrivals. This heterogeneity has been described as super-diverse by Vertovec (2007). Diversity also goes beyond the level of country of origin as many individuals have very complex biographies. Culture contact is a permanent feature in daily life. Such a plurally composed society presents a challenge also for value transmission processes. The boundaries between enculturation and acculturation become blurred and norms, values, symbols and language may be negotiated dependent on context. The multicultural society of Luxembourg has provided different experiential contexts for different generations. Whereas the older generation grew up in a more homogeneous context, for the current cohort growing up with people of different cultural backgrounds and language skills is the norm. Reinders (2006) has introduced the term co-culturation, as distinct from enculturation and acculturation, to describe the process of engagement with cultural diversity by both, natives and those with migration background. This concept of co-culturation encapsulates the skill of negotiating different cultural contexts and cultural frame-switching – key skills in modern societies characterized by high mobility and migration. There is some evidence that nationality becomes more salient in multicultural contexts, but at the same time the importance of cultural origins may be weakened. As results from a pilot study among secondary school children (N = 85) suggests, friendship patterns are formed on the basis of characteristics of the individual rather than origin. In the sense of the individualist marginal as described by Bourhis et al. (1997), the findings suggest that young people want to be recognized by who they are rather than what they represent. Implications for cultural value transmission will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational value continuity in the context of migration: The case of Portuguese families in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where shared values constitute a part of the family identity and regulate intergenerational relations and exchange. In the context of acculturation, traditions can provide a secure base for migrants who have to adapt to a new living context. However, although parents in migrant families might find it particularly important to transmit their values to the next generation, their offspring can be confronted with diverse value orientations in the receiving culture. This leads to the question of how value continuity evolves in migrant compared to non-migrant families. Earlier studies have conceptualized the process of intergenerational transmission by drawing on the two step model of internalization by Grusec and Goodnow, with an accurate perception of the parental message and the acceptance of the message by the child as prerequisites for successful transmission. Several recent studies have provided evidence in particular for the importance of parental socialization values and parental motivation for intergenerational transmission. Taking aspects of communication and bidirectionality into account, we argue here that apart from the explicit motivation to transmit values from one generation to the next, also more implicit processes occur within the process of intergenerational value transfer. Our theoretical assumptions are illustrated by findings from quantitative as well as qualitative data collected within the framework of the FNR-funded research project IRMA (“Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing”), including a cross-cultural comparison of n = 154 triads of parents and their (young) adult children from Luxembourgish native and Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg as well as in-depth interviews with n = 20 family dyads from both subgroups. Results show that parental motivation to transmit values was particularly high in Portuguese families, although no differences in perceived value similarity between the subsamples occurred. Concerning consensus in values, the role of motivational processes will be further explored, and effects of culture and migration will be discussed in an integrative framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailSearching bodies through born-digital heritage: issues and challenges
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically ... [more ▼]

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically dedicated to the histories of healthy bodies. [less ▲]

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See detailProjet LCGR – Language Centres Greater Region
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de ... [more ▼]

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de langues dans le cadre du projet Erasmus+ LCGR (Language Center Greater Region) dans la période d’octobre 2017 à octobre 2019. Des activités à réaliser en collaboration sont scénarisées pédagogiquement pour impliquer et accompagner les étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations sur leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est de guider les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Suite à la phase pilote du projet, en plus des questionnaires des étudiants, nous analyserons les questionnaires remplis par les enseignants afin d’expliquer les choix de modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailKooperation als Herausforderung im multiprofessionellen Handlungsfeld Schule
Böhmer, Matthias UL

Presentation (2019, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (2 UL)
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See detailOn quasitrivial semigroups
Devillet, Jimmy UL

Presentation (2019, March 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (9 UL)