References of "Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings"
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See detailLe portfolio au service des compétences transversales
Bernard, H.; Vlassis, Joëlle UL

in Actes du 19e colloque de l'Association pour le Développement des Méthodologies et Evaluation en Education (ADMEE) (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 UL)
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See detailShape Matters - Particle anistropy and materials properties
Schilling, Tanja UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
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See detailShape Matters - Two stories about liquid crystals
Schilling, Tanja UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 UL)
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See detailUsing XML Transformations for Enterprise Architectures
Stam, A.; Jacob, J.; de Boer, F. S. et al

in Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, First International Symposium, ISoLA 2004, Paphos, Cyprus, October 30 - November 2, 2004, Revised Selected Papers (2006)

In this paper we report on the use of XML transformations in the context of Enterprise Architectures. We show that XML transformation techniques can be applied to visualize and analyze enterprise ... [more ▼]

In this paper we report on the use of XML transformations in the context of Enterprise Architectures. We show that XML transformation techniques can be applied to visualize and analyze enterprise architectures in a formal way. We propose transformational techniques to extract views from an XML document containing architectural information and indicate how to perform a specific form of impact analysis on this information. The transformations are formally expressed with the language RML, a compact yet powerful transformation language developed at CWI, which obtains its power from regular expressions defined on XML documents. We discuss a tool that has been built on top of it to visualize the results of the transformations and illustrate the advantages of our approach: the genericity of XML, the application of a single technique (namely XML transformations) for various tasks, and the benefits of having a model viewer which is in complete ignorance of the architectural language used. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse prozessbezogener Einflussfaktoren zur Steigerung der Robustheit von Produktenwicklungsprojekten
Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Proceedings of 17th Symposium Design for X (2006)

Auf Basis des Konzeptes der Robustheit von Produktentwicklungsprojekten werden Effekte dargelegt, die zu Planungsabweichungen führen. Das Konzept wird durch eine Diskussion der Erfolgskriterien von ... [more ▼]

Auf Basis des Konzeptes der Robustheit von Produktentwicklungsprojekten werden Effekte dargelegt, die zu Planungsabweichungen führen. Das Konzept wird durch eine Diskussion der Erfolgskriterien von Projekten und möglichen Ansatzpunkten zur Steigerung der Robustheit umrissen. Als Ergebnis einer Literaturstudie wurden Problemschwerpunkte hinsichtlich der Ursachen von Planungsabweichungen und deren Erscheinungsformen identifiziert. Auf Grundlage dieser Studien lassen sich jedoch keine Ansätze zur Steigerung der Robustheit von Produktentwicklungsprojekten ableiten. Die Betrachtung der Studien bildet den Ausgangspunkt für eigene Untersuchungen, die zu einem besseren Verständnis der Ursachen von Planungsabweichungen in Produktentwicklungsprojekten und zur Ableitung von Handlungsempfehlungen führen sollen. [less ▲]

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See detailDepletion induced percolation in nano-rods
Schilling, Tanja UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

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See detailHeaded Shear Studs in Fatigue Loading - Results of Displacement Controlled Dynamic Tests.
Odenbreit, Christoph UL

in International Scientific Conference Proceedings (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (2 UL)
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See detailNon-Linear State-dependent Riccati Equation Control for a Quadrotor UAV
Voos, Holger UL

in IEEE Conference on Control Applications, CCA, Munich, Germany, 2006 (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 140 (1 UL)
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See detailSANA - Security Analysis in Internet Traffic through Artificial Immune Systems
Hilker, Michael UL; Schommer, Christoph UL

in Technical Documentary Report. United States. Air Force. Systems Command. Electronic Systems Division (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (3 UL)
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See detailDiscovering signal transduction networks using signaling domain-domain interactions
Nguyen, Thanh-Phuong UL; Ho, Tu Bao

in Genome Informatics (2006), 17(2), 35--45

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See detailFrequency and valence of respiratory sensations and their association to everyday life situations for different subgroups of participants
Petersen, Sibylle UL; Morenings, Matthias; von Leupoldt, Andreas et al

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (0 UL)
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See detailPrediction of domain-domain interactions using inductive logic programming from multiple genome databases
Nguyen, Thanh-Phuong UL; Ho, Tu Bao

in Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence LNAI 4265 (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (1 UL)
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See detailMetamodeling of semantic web enabled multiagent systems
Kardas, G.; Göknil, Arda UL; Dikenelli, O. et al

in Multiagent Systems and Software Architecture (MASSA), Erfurt, Germany 2013-12-05 15:30:26 +0000 (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL)
See detailPlurilinguisme entre valorisation et dévalorisation. Quelques résultats à l’issu d’une recherche sur le rôle des ‘langues d’origine’ dans les classes de LE en Allemagne
Hu, Adelheid UL

in Bach, G.; Holtzer, G. (Eds.) Pourquoi apprendre les langues? Orientations pragmatiques et pédagogiques. (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (0 UL)
See detailIl contributo delle fiere e dei mercati all'integrazione europea nel primo medioevo
Pauly, Michel UL

in Cracco, Giorgio; Le Goff, Jacques; Keller, Hagen (Eds.) et al Europa in costruzione. La forza delle identità,la ricerca di unità (secoli IX-XIII) (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)
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See detailDigit ratio (2D:4D), sex differences, and various forms of aggression.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL; Stiensmeier-Pelster, J.

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)
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See detailTwo professional attitudes measurement scales evaluated by patients for general practitioners and dispensing chemists
Baumann, Michèle UL; Le Bihan, Etienne UL

in Society for Health and Medical Sociology (2006)

To construct and validate a scale of Professional Attitudes for both General Practitioners (in french, Attitudes Professionnelles des Médecins Generalistes) and dispensing chemists (Attitudes ... [more ▼]

To construct and validate a scale of Professional Attitudes for both General Practitioners (in french, Attitudes Professionnelles des Médecins Generalistes) and dispensing chemists (Attitudes Professionnelles des Pharmaciens d’Officine). Methods: Stage 1. The construction and qualitative validation of a scale. By interviewing 40 patients in a preventive-care center in east of France in addition to 21 general practitioners and 22 dispensing chemists, we targeted items which could possibly help us formalize a theoretical construction of professional attitudes which intervened in the instauration and follow-up of patient treatments. Then, with the help of a group of experts, we determined which generic items in the questionnaire could be validated and, finally, identified the functions which fulfilled these attitudes. Stage 2. We statistically validated the APMG and APPO scales and then studied the classic metric characteristics of the scales by using a questionnaire which was auto-administered to 393 patients from East of France. We have completed this validation with a differential item functioning analysis to determine if the questions have similar properties among men and women. Results: 15 relational items in general practitioners and 9 in dispensing chemists were identified. They are associated with information, communication and education. Each scale is one-dimensional. Analysis showed high internal coherence (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91 and 0.87 respectively) and acceptable reproducibility (intra-class correlation coefficients were respectively 0.74 and 0.72). Differential item functioning analysis for gender is in progress. Conclusion: The professional attitudes, we isolated represent important criteria in the quality of interpersonal doctor-patient and chemist-patient relationships. The metric characteristics of the two scales were deemed satisfactory. This suggests that they can be used as an aid in training in the healthcare professional-patient relationship, in decision-making and in assessing relational competencies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 UL)
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See detailAGNOSCO - Identification of Infected Nodes with artificial Ant Colonies
Hilker, Michael UL; Schommer, Christoph UL

in Abstract book of 6th International Conference on Recent Advances in Soft Computing (RASC 2006) (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 UL)
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See detailRF characterization and modeling of AlGaN/GaN based HFETs and MOSHFETs
Fox, A.; Marso, Michel UL; Heidelberger, G. et al

in Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’06 (2006) (2006)

An increased RF-Performance of heterojunction field-effect transistor was found to be due to passivation and in addition a SiO2 insulation underneath the gate metallization. This leads to an increase of ... [more ▼]

An increased RF-Performance of heterojunction field-effect transistor was found to be due to passivation and in addition a SiO2 insulation underneath the gate metallization. This leads to an increase of cutoff frequency from 17 GHz up to 24 GHz for devices with 500 nm gate length. The RF output power increased from 4.1 to 6.7 W/mm at 7 GHz. RF simulation based on measured S-parameter showed a decrease of gate-source-capacitance and transconductance for devices with a dielectric layer underneath the gate metallization. The increase of the ratio gm/Cgs of about 25% is in agreement with the measured cutoff frequency ft. [less ▲]

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See detailSki, cheese fondue and Swiss watches : the rhetoric of analogical discourse in vocational training interactions.
Filliettaz, Laurent; de Saint-Georges, Ingrid UL; Duc, Barbara

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 UL)
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See detailFormal Poisson cohomology of r-matrix induced quadratic structures
Masmoudi, Mohsen; Poncin, Norbert UL

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 UL)
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See detailHyMN: An Interest-based Multimedia Providing System for Hybrid Wireless Networks
Andronache, Adrian UL; Brust, Matthias R. UL; Rothkugel, Steffen UL

in Proceedings of Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communications, and Applications (BWCCA-2006) (2006)

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See detailThe generation of respiratory rhythms in birds
Granada, A.; Gabitto, M.; Garcia, Guadalupe Clara UL et al

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2006), 371(1), 84-87

The generation of precise respiratory rhythms is vital for birds, which must generate specific pressure patterns to perform several activities, song being one of the most demanding ones. These rhythms ... [more ▼]

The generation of precise respiratory rhythms is vital for birds, which must generate specific pressure patterns to perform several activities, song being one of the most demanding ones. These rhythms emerge as the interaction between a peripheral system and a set of neural nuclei which control the action of expiratory and inspiratory muscles. A computational model was proposed recently to account for this interaction. In this work, we describe the set of solutions that this model can display as its parameters are varied, and compare experimental records of air sac pressure patterns with the predictions of the model. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBelief revision, belief merging and voting
Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Pigozzi, Gabriella UL; Rodrigues, O.

in Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on Logic and the Foundations of Games and Decision Theory (LOFT06) (2006)

In belief revision, an agent is faced with the problem of choosing between several alternatives when trying to restore con- sistency to theory. Ideally, the choice process is conducted in a way that ... [more ▼]

In belief revision, an agent is faced with the problem of choosing between several alternatives when trying to restore con- sistency to theory. Ideally, the choice process is conducted in a way that verifies a number of fairness principles. On the other hand, be- lief merging concerns with the problem of determining a group’s be- liefs from individual members’ beliefs that are not always compatible with each other. Similarly, in voting systems, a social welfare func- tion takes individual preferences into account in order to produce a collective preference. Here again certain fairness principles are desir- able. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between revision, merging and voting. [less ▲]

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See detailRhythmic regulation of Ca2+ signalling networks
Gardner, M.; Hotta, C.; Hubbard, K. et al

Scientific Conference (2006)

The circadian clock is the internal timekeeper of plants. This clock regulates most aspects of plant physiology providing considerable competitive advantage. We are investigating the role for oscillations ... [more ▼]

The circadian clock is the internal timekeeper of plants. This clock regulates most aspects of plant physiology providing considerable competitive advantage. We are investigating the role for oscillations in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) in the circadian control of cellular physiology. We have previously demonstrated that circadian oscillations of [Ca2+]cyt encode photoperiodic information but the precise role of circadian [Ca2+]cyt oscillations remain obscure. We have been taking a systems wide approach to determine the origin and function of circadian oscillations of [Ca2+]cyt. Using pharmacology, bioinformatics and biochemical tools we have new evidence that oscillations of [Ca2+]cyt are generated by the small signalling intermediate, cADPR. Positioning the oscillations of [Ca2+]cyt with respect to the molecular oscillator using reverse genetics indicates that [Ca2+]cyt is an output of the clock. Using a whole genome transcriptional profile we have identified over 1800 circadian-regulated transcripts, many of which encode for Ca2+ signalling elements. The function of circadian-regulated transcripts encoding signalling components is being investigated by reverse genetic screens with automated imaging. Using our extensive data sets describing the circadian regulation of [Ca2+]cyt in different backgrounds and conditions we have constructed a mathematical model. This is being validated using mutant analysis and refined by introducing complexity to the model. Our data and models suggest that [Ca2+]cyt acts an output of the clock that regulates diverse aspects of physiology and has the potential to form a feedback loop with the molecular components of the oscillator. [less ▲]

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See detailParoles et images de l'immigration: langue, littérature et cinéma, témoins de la présence italienne au Luxembourg et dans la Grande Région. Actes du colloque international, Luxembourg 3-4 juin 2005.
Caldognetto, Maria Luisa; Cicotti, Claudio UL; Reuter, Antoinette UL et al

in Paroles et images de l'immigration: langue, littérature et cinéma, témoins de la présence italienne au Luxembourg et dans la Grande Région. Actes du colloque international, Luxembourg 3-4 juin 2005. (2006)

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See detailA Logic of Abstract Argumentation
Boella, Guido; Hulstijn, J.; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems, Second International Workshop, ArgMAS 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 26, 2005, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (2006)

In this paper we introduce a logic of abstract argumentation capturing Dung’s theory of abstract argumentation, based on connectives for attack and defend. We extend it to a modal logic of abstract ... [more ▼]

In this paper we introduce a logic of abstract argumentation capturing Dung’s theory of abstract argumentation, based on connectives for attack and defend. We extend it to a modal logic of abstract argumentation to generalize Dung’s theory and define variants of it. Moreover, we use the logic to relate Dung’s theory of abstract argumentation to more traditional conditional and comparative formalisms, and we illustrate how to reason about arguments in meta-argumentation [less ▲]

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See detailSafe Distributed Architecture for Image-based Computer Assisted Diagnosis
Varrette, Sébastien UL; Roch, J.-L.; Montagnat, J. et al

in Proc. of the IEEE Intl. Conf. on Pervasive Services, Workshop on Health Pervasive Systems (HPS'06) (2006)

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See detailTechnology related issues regarding fabrication of AlGaN/GaN-based MOSHFETs with GdScO3 as dielectric,
Heidelberger, G.; Roeckerath, M.; Steins, R. et al

in Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’06 (2006)

Starting out from our well established process for AlGaN/GaN HFETs we discuss ways to enrich the process in order to fabricate Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor HFETs (MOSHFETs) with a Gadolinium Scandate (GdScO3 ... [more ▼]

Starting out from our well established process for AlGaN/GaN HFETs we discuss ways to enrich the process in order to fabricate Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor HFETs (MOSHFETs) with a Gadolinium Scandate (GdScO3) insulation layer. In particular, adequate processing orders, various etching procedures and possible drawbacks of the GdScO3 deposition process on ohmic contacts are discussed. Making use of the gained knowledge we fabricated GdScO3-MOSHFETs for the first time. Compared to a conventional HFET the new device shows a higher saturation drain current and a lower gate leakage current. Nevertheless, the potential insulating properties of GdScO3 are not fully exploited yet and further optimization of the deposition process is needed. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription of bad-signatures for Network Intrusion Detection
Hilker, Michael UL; Schommer, Christoph UL

in Proceedings of the 4th. Australasian Information Security Workshop (AISW-NetSec 2006) (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 UL)
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See detailOrganizations in Artificial Social Systems
Boella, Guido; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Multi-Agent Systems AAMAS 2005 International Workshops on Agents, Norms, and Institutions for Regulated Multiagent Systems, ANIREM 2005 and on Organizations in Multi-Agent Systems, OOOP 2005 (2006)

In this paper we introduce organizations and roles in Shoham and Tennenholtz’ artificial social systems, using a normative system. We model how real agents determine the behavior of organizations by ... [more ▼]

In this paper we introduce organizations and roles in Shoham and Tennenholtz’ artificial social systems, using a normative system. We model how real agents determine the behavior of organizations by playing roles in the organization, and how the organization controls the behavior of agents playing a role in it. We consider the design of an organization in terms of roles and the assignment of agents to roles, and the evolution of organizations. We do not present a complete formalization of the computational problems, but we illustrate our approach by examples. [less ▲]

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See detailAufbau und Strukturprinzipien der öffentlich-rechtlichen Gerichtsbarkeiten – Zur Situation in Luxemburg
Ravarani, Georges UL

in Aufbau und Strukturprinzipien der öffentlich-rechtlichen Gerichtsbarkeiten (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)
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See detailPreference reasoning for argumentation: non-monotonicity and algorithms
Kaci, S.; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Proceedings of the NMR'06 (2006)

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See detailLa mobilité des frontaliers travaillant au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

in Dimensions socio-économiques de la mobilité transfrontalière - actes du séminaire transfrontalier EURES-OIE (2006)

L’objet de notre communication est de présenter les premiers résultats de deux études distinctes, actuellement en cours de réalisation, et qui traitent chacune d’un aspect différent de la mobilité. Tout ... [more ▼]

L’objet de notre communication est de présenter les premiers résultats de deux études distinctes, actuellement en cours de réalisation, et qui traitent chacune d’un aspect différent de la mobilité. Tout d’abord, une étude du lieu de travail des frontaliers occupés au Luxembourg. La mobilité y sera abordée par le biais des déplacements domicile-travail. Puis, notre seconde étude s’intéressera à la mobilité résidentielle, c’est-à-dire les changements de lieu de résidence des personnes travaillant au Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailGame-Theoretic Foundations for Norms
Boella, Guido; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Procs. of Artificial Intelligence Studies (2006)

In this paper we study game-theoretic foundations for norms. We assume that a norm is a mechanism to obtain desired multi-agent system behavior, and must therefore under normal or typical circumstances be ... [more ▼]

In this paper we study game-theoretic foundations for norms. We assume that a norm is a mechanism to obtain desired multi-agent system behavior, and must therefore under normal or typical circumstances be fulfilled by a range of agent types, such as norm internalizing agents, respectful agents fulfilling norms if pos- sible, and selfish agents obeying norms only due to the associated sanctions. [less ▲]

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See detailIm eigenen Land wohnen, beim Nachbarn arbeiten? Zur Komplexität und Vielschichtigkeit des Grenzgängerwesens in der Großregion am Beispiel deutscher Grenzgänger und von Grenzgängern mit Wohnsitz in Deutschland
Wille, Christian UL; Kuntz, Lothar

in Dimensions socio-économiques de la mobilité transfrontalière - actes du séminaire transfrontalier EURES-OIE (2006)

Grenzüberschreitende Arbeitnehmermobilität ist ein zentrales Merkmal der Großregion. Seit den 1970er Jahren wächst ihre Bedeutung für Wirtschaft und Arbeitsmarkt, gleichwohl ist das Grenzgängerphänomen in ... [more ▼]

Grenzüberschreitende Arbeitnehmermobilität ist ein zentrales Merkmal der Großregion. Seit den 1970er Jahren wächst ihre Bedeutung für Wirtschaft und Arbeitsmarkt, gleichwohl ist das Grenzgängerphänomen in seiner Komplexität und Vielgestaltigkeit noch nicht hinreichend dokumentiert. Die Interregionale Arbeitsmarktbeobachtungsstelle startete daher in 2004 das Interreg IIIC (RRM e-BIRD)-Projekt «Grenzgänger und grenzüberschreitender Arbeitsmarkt in der Großregion», das verschiedene Implikationen grenzüberschreitender Arbeitnehmermobilität behandelt. Dabei werden besonders neue Formen des Grenzgängerwesens berücksichtigt wie etwa «atypische» 2 oder «virtuelle» 3 Grenzgänger, die Fragen des grenzüberschreitenden Arbeitsmarkts komplex gestalten. Nach einer allgemeinen Darstellung der Grenzgängerströme in der Großregion werden in diesem Beitrag Aspekte des atypischen Grenzgängerwesens am Beispiel deutscher Grenzgänger bzw. mit Wohnsitz in Deutschland erläutert. [less ▲]

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See detailLe marché de l’emploi transfrontalier et le marché linguistique du Luxembourg
Fehlen, Fernand UL

in Dimensions socio-économiques de la mobilité transfrontalière - actes du séminaire transfrontalier EURES-OIE (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (5 UL)
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See detailhLCGA: A Hybrid Competitive Coevolutionary Genetic Algorithm
Danoy, Grégoire UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Martins, Tomy

in HIS'06: Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (4 UL)
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See detailSecurity and Privacy in the Digital Economy: the Case of Electronic Commerce
Dagorn, Nathalie; Bernard, Nicolas UL

in Proceedings of the IADIS e-Society International Conference (Dublin, 13-16 July 2006) (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (1 UL)
See detailPartnerverlust im Alter: Zwischen Bewältigungsverhalten und Lebenszufriedenheit
Michels, Tom UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Abstract book of 45. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie (2006)

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See detailAn analytic solution to discrete Bayesian reinforcement learning
Poupart, Pascal; Vlassis, Nikos UL; Hoey, Jesse et al

in Proc Int. Conf. on Machine Learning, Pittsburgh, USA (2006)

Reinforcement learning (RL) was originally proposed as a framework to allow agents to learn in an online fashion as they interact with their environment. Existing RL algorithms come short of achieving ... [more ▼]

Reinforcement learning (RL) was originally proposed as a framework to allow agents to learn in an online fashion as they interact with their environment. Existing RL algorithms come short of achieving this goal because the amount of exploration required is often too costly and/or too time consuming for online learning. As a result, RL is mostly used for offline learning in simulated environments. We propose a new algorithm, called BEETLE, for effective online learning that is computationally efficient while minimizing the amount of exploration. We take a Bayesian model-based approach, framing RL as a partially observable Markov decision process. Our two main contributions are the analytical derivation that the optimal value function is the upper envelope of a set of multivariate polynomials, and an efficient point-based value iteration algorithm that exploits this simple parameterization. [less ▲]

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See detailMetaproteomics: studying functional gene expression in microbial ecosystems
Wilmes, Paul UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

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See detailDesign By Contract Deontic Design Language for Multiagent Systems
Garion, C.; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Multi-Agent Systems AAMAS 2005 International Workshops on Agents, Norms, and Institutions for Regulated Multiagent Systems, ANIREM 2005 and on Organizations in Multi-Agent Systems, OOOP 2005 (2006)

Design by contract is a well known theory that views software construction as based on contracts between clients (callers) and suppliers (routines), relying on mutual obligations and benefits made ... [more ▼]

Design by contract is a well known theory that views software construction as based on contracts between clients (callers) and suppliers (routines), relying on mutual obligations and benefits made explicit by assertions. However, there is a gap between this theory and software engineering concepts and tools. For example, dealing with contract violations is realized by exception handlers, whereas it has been observed in the area of deontic logic in computer science that violations and exceptions are distinct concepts that should not be confused. To bridge this gap, we propose a software design language based on temporal deontic logic. Moreover, we show how preferences over the possible outcomes of a supplier can be added. We also discuss the relation between the normative stance toward systems implicit in the design by contract approach and the intentional or BDI stance popular in agent theory. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementation of a Proactive Learning Management System
Zampunieris, Denis UL

in Proceedings of "E-Learn - World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare & Higher Education" (2006)

This paper proposes a new kind of Learning Management Systems: proactive LMS, designed to help their users to better interact online in an educational or training environment, by providing programmable ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a new kind of Learning Management Systems: proactive LMS, designed to help their users to better interact online in an educational or training environment, by providing programmable, automatic and continuous analyses of users (inter)actions augmented with appropriate actions initiated by the LMS itself. We explain how to implement such a proactive LMS on the basis of a dynamic rules-based software system. We also give examples of rules e.g. to show how the proactive system can automatically take care of users and check some awaited users’ behaviors and react if these actions do not happen. [less ▲]

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See detailEtat constitutionnel, souveraineté et intégration politique
Heuschling, Luc UL

in Salcedo Castro, Myriam (Ed.) Constitucion e integracion (2006)

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See detailMerging Optimistic and Pessimistic Preferences
Kaci, S.; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Proceedings of FUSION 2006 (2006)

In this paper we consider the extension of non-monotonic preference logic with the distinction between controllable(or endogenous) and uncontrollable(or exogenous)variables, which can be used for example ... [more ▼]

In this paper we consider the extension of non-monotonic preference logic with the distinction between controllable(or endogenous) and uncontrollable(or exogenous)variables, which can be used for example in agent decision making and deliberation. We assume that the agent is optimistic about its owncontrollables and pessimistic about its uncontrollables, and we study ways to merge these two distinct dimensions.We also consider complex preferences, such as optimistic preferences conditional on an uncontrollable, or optimistic preferences conditional on a pessimistic preference. [less ▲]

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See detailFault-Tolerant Constrained MPC of PEM Fuel Cells
Rosich, Albert UL; Puig, Vicenç; Quevedo, Joseba

Scientific Conference (2006)

In this paper, fault tolerant constrained MPC control of fuel cells is presented. MPC is one of the control methodologies that can introduce more easily fault-tolerance. Here this capability is extended ... [more ▼]

In this paper, fault tolerant constrained MPC control of fuel cells is presented. MPC is one of the control methodologies that can introduce more easily fault-tolerance. Here this capability is extended using new results on explicit MPC control. Explicit MPC control allows to derive off-line the control without need of using optimization. Moreover, since it is based on parametric programming allows to introduce as additional parameters faults what allow in real-time to change controller gains without the need of recomputing the MPC controller or having a bank of pre-computed MPC controllers. Finally, the proposed approach is assessed on a known test bench PEM fuel cell. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving Approximate Value Iteration Using Memories and Predictive State Representations
James, M. R.; Wessling, T.; Vlassis, Nikos UL

in Proc. National Conf. on Artificial Intelligence (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL)
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See detailEvaluations of Strategies for Co-Evolutionary Genetic Algorithms: dLCGA Case Study
Danoy, Grégoire UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Seredynski, Franciszek

in ANNIE 2006: Proceedings of the 16th international conference on Artificial Neural Networks In Engineering (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (3 UL)
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See detailApplicative Solutions for Safe Computations in Distributed Environments
Varrette, Sébastien UL; Roch, J.-L.; Leprévost, Franck UL

in Workshop "Trustworthy Software" (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLaminectomy enhances the density of nociceptive nerve fibers in the dura mater lumbalis of lewis rats.
Hanesch, Ulrike UL; Anton, Fernand UL; von Knoch, Marius et al

in Europ J Pain (2006), 10(1), 90

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (0 UL)
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See detailAn infinite descending chain of Boolean subfunctions consisting of threshold functions
Lehtonen, Erkko UL

in Proceedings of the Vienna Conference 2005 (AAA70) (2006)

For a class C of Boolean functions, a Boolean function f is a C-subfunction of a Boolean function g, if f=g(h1,...,hn), where all the inner functions hi are members of C. Two functions are C-equivalent ... [more ▼]

For a class C of Boolean functions, a Boolean function f is a C-subfunction of a Boolean function g, if f=g(h1,...,hn), where all the inner functions hi are members of C. Two functions are C-equivalent, if they are C-subfunctions of each other. The C-subfunction relation is a preorder on the set of all functions if and only if C is a clone. An infinite descending chain of U∞-subfunctions is constructed from certain threshold functions (U∞ denotes the clone of clique functions). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 UL)
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See detailThe guided Tour and the leisure’s visitors
Schall, Céline UL; Davallon, Jean; Vilatte, Jean-Christophe

in Gottesdiener, Hana; Vilatte, Jean-Christophe (Eds.) Culture & Communication, Proceedings of the 19th Congress of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn L2 error bounds between systems
Salinas, A.; Papachristodoulou, A.; Goncalves, Jorge UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 UL)
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See detailSymbolizing and modeling to promote a flexible use of the minus sign in algebraic operations
Vlassis, Joëlle UL

in Jarmila, Novotná (Ed.) Proceedings of the 30th International Conference for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (0 UL)
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See detailSurvivable Passive Access Network (SPAN)
Wasim, Muhammad Umer UL; Zaidi, Syed Muhammad Hassan; Raja, Yasin et al

in Conference on Next-Generation Communication and Sensor Networks (Optics East), October 02-04, Boston, Massachusetts USA. (2006)

Wavelength Division Multiplexed based Passive Optical Networks (WDM-PON) are subjected to wide variety of incidental failures. It is preferred in WDM-PONs to provide fault management (survivability) at ... [more ▼]

Wavelength Division Multiplexed based Passive Optical Networks (WDM-PON) are subjected to wide variety of incidental failures. It is preferred in WDM-PONs to provide fault management (survivability) at link layer level. In this paper, our objective is to determine the factors, which can increase the scope of survivability at link layer, not available currently. We propose a cost-effective recovery mechanism, called "Survivable Passive Access Network" (SPAN). SPAN is a multi-level protection scheme that has potential to be highly efficient and scaleable in terms of performance budget. BER performance and power penalty factors remain acceptable while switching traffic from normal path to protection path in case of failure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 UL)
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See detailClinical data based optimal STI strategies for HIV: a reinforcement learning approach
Ernst, D.; Stan, G.B.; Goncalves, Jorge UL et al

in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2006)

This paper addresses the problem of computing optimal structured treatment interruption strategies for HIV infected patients. We show that reinforcement learning may be useful to extract such strategies ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of computing optimal structured treatment interruption strategies for HIV infected patients. We show that reinforcement learning may be useful to extract such strategies directly from clinical data, without the need of an accurate mathematical model of HIV infection dynamics. To support our claims, we report simulation results obtained by running a recently proposed batch-mode reinforcement learning algorithm, known as fitted Q iteration, on numerically generated data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (0 UL)
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See detailExtended Survivable Passive Access Network (e-SPAN)
Wasim, Muhammad Umer UL; Zaidi, Syed Muhammad Hassan; Raja, Yasin et al

in Symposium on High Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET), September 6-8, Charlotte (NC) USA. (2006)

Wavelength Division Multiplexed based Passive Optical Networks (WDM-PON) are subjected to wide variety of incidental failures. It is preferred in WDM-PONs to provide fault management (survivability) at ... [more ▼]

Wavelength Division Multiplexed based Passive Optical Networks (WDM-PON) are subjected to wide variety of incidental failures. It is preferred in WDM-PONs to provide fault management (survivability) at link layer level. In this paper, our objective is to determine the factors, which can increase the scope of survivability at link layer, not available currently. We propose a cost-effective recovery mechanism, called ldquoExtended Survivable Passive Access Networkrdquo (e-SPAN). e SPAN is a multi-level protection scheme that has potential to corrects eventual errors that are caused by the transmission system by using different forward error correcting codes at receiver end, thus allowing us to have better performance budget in terms of BER and extended transmission distance of 8 to 12 Km. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (4 UL)
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See detailSépulture princière et capitale
Pauly, Michel UL

in Margue, Michel (Ed.) Sépulture, mort et symbolique du pouvoir au moyen âge/Tod, Grabmal und Herrschaftsrepräsentation im Mittelalter. Actes des 11es Journées Lotharingiennes (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 UL)
See detailThe Sacralization of Childhood in a Secularized World: Another Paradox in the History of Education? An Exposition of the Problem on the Basis of the open-Air School Diesterweg in Heide-Kalmthout
Thyssen, Geert UL; Depaepe, Marc

in Dillen, Annemie; Pollefeyt, Didier (Eds.) Children’s Voices: Children’s Perspective in Ethics, Theology and Religious Education. Expert Seminar, 11-13 January 2007 (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (0 UL)
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See detailEffekte eines computerbasierten Metagedächtnistrainings für Kinder mit Lernbehinderungen.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL; Tebarth, H.; Mohamad, Y. et al

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrüherkennung und Förderung von Problemen im Umgang mit Zahlen bei Kindern von 5-6 Jahren Psychomotorik in Deutschland: Bewegung in Bildung und Gesundheit
Wantz, Marc UL

in Fischer, Klaus; Knab, Eckhart; Behrens, Melanie (Eds.) Früherkennung und Förderung von Problemen im Umgang mit Zahlen bei Kindern von 5-6 Jahren (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 UL)
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See detailBending Resistant Composite Joints for High Rotation Capacity
Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Hahn, Christoph

in Responding to Tomorrow's Challenges in Structural Engineering (2006)

In the last years mixed structures in steel and concrete gain more and more importance. These structures combine the advantages of steel constructions with the advantages of the concrete. The typical slab ... [more ▼]

In the last years mixed structures in steel and concrete gain more and more importance. These structures combine the advantages of steel constructions with the advantages of the concrete. The typical slab construction for those buildings insists in a concrete slab, which is carried by a steel beam. Both elements together result in the composite beam. The composite beam is connected to the column with the composite connection. The presented analysing model is valid for fixed, pinned and even for semi-rigid composite connections. It is related to the model by the study group COST C1. The Model helps to determine computational values for the stiffness, the load-carrying capacities and the rotation ability of composite joints. The model is based on the evaluation of 56 experiments at composite connections. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (7 UL)
See detailSigismund und Europa. Einleitung
Pauly, Michel UL

in Pauly, Michel; Reinert, Frank (Eds.) Sigismund von Luxemburg. Ein Kaiser in Europa. Tagungsband des internationalen historischen und kunsthistorischen Kongresses in Luxemburg (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)
See detailDer Genderaspekt im schulischen Berufsorientierungsangebot Luxemburgs
Schumacher, Anette UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 UL)
See detailMort et pouvoir: le choix du lieu de sépulture (espace Meuse-Moselle, XIe-XIIe siècles)
Margue, Michel UL

in Sépulture, mort et représentation du pouvoir au moyen âge. Tod: Grabmal und Herrschaftsrepräsentation im Mittelalter. Actes des 11es Journées Lotharingiennes, 26-29 septembre 2000 (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (0 UL)
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See detailPermissions and Uncontrollable Propositions in DSDL3: Non-monotonicity and Algorithms.
Kaci, Souhila UL; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems, 8th International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12-14, 2006, Proceedings (2006)

In this paper we are interested in non-monotonic extensions of Bengt Hansson’s standard dyadic deontic logic 3, known as DSDL3. We study specificity principles for DSDL3 with both controllable and ... [more ▼]

In this paper we are interested in non-monotonic extensions of Bengt Hansson’s standard dyadic deontic logic 3, known as DSDL3. We study specificity principles for DSDL3 with both controllable and uncontrollable propositions. We introduce an algorithm for minimal specificity which not only covers obligations but also permissions, and we discuss the distinction between weak and strong permissions. Moreover, we introduce ways to combine algorithms for minimal and maximal specificity for DSDL3 with controllable and uncontrollable propositions, based on ‘optimistic’ and ‘pessimistic’ reasoning respectively. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (0 UL)
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See detailZIB Structure Prediction Pipeline: Composing a Complex Biological Workflow through Web Services
May, Patrick UL; Ehrlich, Hans-Christian; Steinke, Thomas

in Nagel, Wolfgang E.; Walter, Wolfgang V.; Lehner, Wolfgang (Eds.) Euro-Par 2006 Parallel Processing (2006)

In life sciences, scientists are confronted with an exponential growth of biological data, especially in the genomics and proteomics area. The efficient management and use of these data, and its ... [more ▼]

In life sciences, scientists are confronted with an exponential growth of biological data, especially in the genomics and proteomics area. The efficient management and use of these data, and its transformation into knowledge are basic requirements for biological research. Therefore, integration of diverse applications and data from geographically distributed computing resources will become a major issue. We will present the status of our efforts for the realization of an automated protein prediction pipeline as an example for a complex biological workflow scenario in a Grid environment based on Web services. This case study demonstrates the ability of an easy orchestration of complex biological workflows based on Web services as building blocks and Triana as workflow engine. [less ▲]

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See detailMultimedia content distribution in hybrid wireless networks using weighted clustering
Andronache, Adrian UL; Brust, Matthias R. UL; Rothkugel, Steffen UL

in Proceedings of the 2nd ACM international workshop on Wireless multimedia networking and performance modeling (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLandscape Maps for Enterprise Architectures
van der Torre, Leon UL; Lankhorst, M.; ter Doest, H. et al

in Advanced Information Systems Engineering, 18th International Conference, CAiSE 2006, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, June 5-9, 2006, Proceedings (2006)

Landscape maps are a technique for visualizing enterprise architectures. They present architectural elements in the form of an easy to understand 2D ’map’. A landscape map view on architectures provides ... [more ▼]

Landscape maps are a technique for visualizing enterprise architectures. They present architectural elements in the form of an easy to understand 2D ’map’. A landscape map view on architectures provides non-technical stakeholders, such as managers, with a high-level overview, without burdening them with technicalities of architectural drawings. In this paper we discuss the use of and techniques for landscape maps. A formal model for landscape maps is introduced as the basis of visualization and interaction techniques. Moreover, we show how a landscape map can be generated from its underlying model. Finally we show several interaction techniques, for example to build a landscape map from scratch, independently of an underlying model, or to change a landscape map together with its underlying model [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (0 UL)
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See detailLes intérêts précoces et la variable sexe: Effets sur l’intérêt pour les branches sociales et techniques.
Kerger, Sylvie UL; Martin, Romain UL

in Actes de la 17e Journées internationales de psychologie différentielle. (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSimulating Realistic Mobility Models for Large Heterogeneous MANETs
Hogie, Luc UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Guinand, Frédéric et al

in 9th ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems (MSWIM'06) (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (0 UL)
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See detailInteraction among objects via roles: sessions and affordances in powerJava
Baldoni, Matteo; Boella, Guido; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Procs. of Principles and Practice of Programming in Java (PPPJ'06) (2006)

In this paper we present a new vision in object oriented programming languages where the objects' attributes and operations depend on who is interacting with them. This vision is based on a new definition ... [more ▼]

In this paper we present a new vision in object oriented programming languages where the objects' attributes and operations depend on who is interacting with them. This vision is based on a new definition of the notion of role, which is inspired to the concept of affordance as developed in cognitive science. The current vision of objects considers attributes and operations as being objective and independent from the interaction. In contrast, in our model interaction with an object always passes through a role played by another object manipulating it. The advantage is that roles allow to define operations whose behavior changes depending on the role and the requirements it imposes, and to define session aware interaction, where the role maintains the state of the interaction with an object. Finally, we discuss how roles as affordances can be introduced in Java, building on our language powerJava. [less ▲]

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See detailL'autorité du "bon professeur": évaluation des attitudes et comportements favorables au respect des règles
Welbes, Françoise; Reuter, Robert UL

Scientific Conference (2006)

L’autorité est une caractéristique d’un rapport social et elle présuppose le respect réciproque. La présente recherche vise à relever les attitudes et comportements d’un enseignant favorables à son ... [more ▼]

L’autorité est une caractéristique d’un rapport social et elle présuppose le respect réciproque. La présente recherche vise à relever les attitudes et comportements d’un enseignant favorables à son autorité. Selon Rey (1999), ni une attitude de supériorité, ni une attitude de proximité ne sont favorables à l’autorité d’un enseignant, mais plutôt celle qui permet de résoudre de façon convaincante et satisfaisante cette dialectique entre éloignement et proximité, appelé ici « positionnement à distance ». Cette attitude est favorable au sentiment de l’élève d’être respecté par son professeur, ce qui engendre le respect des règles établies par l’enseignant et donc la reconnaissance de son autorité. Nous proposons ici d’évaluer laquelle de ces trois attitudes est perçue par les élèves comme la plus favorable à l’autorité. Nous avons ainsi établi des définitions opérationnelles de ces attitudes en les associant à trois catégories de comportements: communication congruente/non-congruente, mode de réaction non- affirmatif/affirmatif/hostile et traitement juste/injuste. Afin de vérifier l’hypothèse d’un lien étroit entre positionnement à distance et le couple respect-autorité, nous avons réalisé des entretiens semi-dirigés auprès de jeunes adolescents d’un établissement d’enseignement secondaire technique du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Les résultats obtenus suggèrent que les adolescents interrogés accordent de l’importance au fait que le professeur les respecte et qu’il adopte un positionnement à distance. Selon leur propre évaluation, c’est le sentiment d’être respectés par le professeur qui les conduit à respecter ses règles. Cependant, les propos des jeunes soulèvent également l’importance d’un rapport de négociation, d’une zone de tolérance et de flexibilité par rapport à la loi et au savoir, ainsi qu’un ensemble de représentations du système scolaire qui semblent s’éloigner de la définition des missions et des finalités de l’école et rapprochent l’autorité à leur interprétation du « bon professeur ». [less ▲]

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See detailZu gutem Frieden und Eintracht strebend - Norm und Praxis in Leprosorien des 15. Jahrhunderts im Spiegel ihrer Statuten. Das Beispiel Trier
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Schmitt, Sebastian; Aspelmeier, Jens (Eds.) Norm und Praxis der Armenfürsorge in Spätmittelalter und früher Neuzeit (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (11 UL)
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See detailAnalysis of biochemical networks using linear programming
Simeonidis, Vangelis UL; Dartnell, Lewis; Bogle, I. David L. et al

in Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering on CD-ROM (2005, December)

The application of mathematical programming methodologies to biochemical systems is demonstrated with the presentation of a linear programming (LP) algorithm for calculating minimal pathway distances in ... [more ▼]

The application of mathematical programming methodologies to biochemical systems is demonstrated with the presentation of a linear programming (LP) algorithm for calculating minimal pathway distances in biochemical networks. Minimal pathway distances are identified as the smallest number of steps separating two nodes in the network. Two case studies are examined: 1) the minimal distances for Escherichia coli Small Molecule Metabolism (SMM) enzymes are calculated and their correlations with genome distance and enzyme function are considered; 2) a study of the p53 cell cycle and apoptosis control network is performed in order to assess the survivability of the network to both random node failures and a directed assault, by studying the modification of the network’s diameter for successive protein knockouts. The results verify the applicability of the algorithm to problems of biochemical nature. [less ▲]

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See detailSelbstgesteuert Skifahren lernen?
Bund, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2005, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (1 UL)
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See detailDistributed Authentication in GRID5000
Varrette, Sébastien UL; Georget, Sebastien; Montagnat, Johan et al

in Proc. of OTM Confederated Int. Workshops on Grid Computing and its Application to Data Analysis (GADA'05) (2005, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (0 UL)
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See detailDeutsch, Français, Português : effet du mode langagier sur les performances évaluées.
Reichert, Monique UL; Martin, Romain UL

Scientific Conference (2005, October 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (0 UL)
See detailQuelles conclusions tirer d’études comme PISA?
Houssemand, Claude UL; Martin, Romain UL

Scientific Conference (2005, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (5 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeveloping a taste for quality ? Educationg palates through wine (dis)courses
Reckinger, Rachel UL

in Blogowski, Alain; Lagrange, Louis; Valceschini, Egizio (Eds.) Actes du colloque international SFER (Société Français d’Economie Rurale) : Au nom de la qualité. Quelle(s) qualité(s) demain, pour quelle(s) demande(s)? (2005, October)

‘Exigence de qualité’ et ‘vin’ sont devenus presque des synonymes pour quiconque veut acheter une bouteille. Peu d’autres composants que le vin ne sont convoqués pour juger de la qualité d’ensemble d’un ... [more ▼]

‘Exigence de qualité’ et ‘vin’ sont devenus presque des synonymes pour quiconque veut acheter une bouteille. Peu d’autres composants que le vin ne sont convoqués pour juger de la qualité d’ensemble d’un repas, indiquant un statut similaire du commentaire sur la ‘qualité individuelle’ du vin servi et sur le ‘talent d’ensemble’ de la personne qui a conçu et préparé le repas. Mais qui dit ‘juger’, dit ‘communiquer’, ‘donner un avis’ tant soit peu argumenté – chose délicate, étant donné que les discours sur le vin se sont peu à peu complexifiés et multipliés . D’où le succès public des cours du soir en œnologie, censés enseigner le discernement sur la qualité, si utile lors de la consommation du vin. Mais peut-on parler d’apprentissage de la qualité ? La consommation de vin peut être schématisée en trois étapes actives – en omettant ici l’étape passive de l’encavement domestique : l’achat après une sélection, le service (en général combiné à un repas), et le fait de boire le vin. Quand la filière professionnelle parle de la nécessité d’ « éducation du consommateur », elle fait référence surtout à un aiguisement sensoriel, permettant d’affiner la perception au nez et en bouche de ce produit très nuancé, dans le double but de faire valoir la qualité intrinsèque de vins élaborés dans cet esprit et, en conséquence, d’infléchir les comportements de consommation, plus conscients car formés et informés, dans cette direction . Or, dans la verbalisation de personnes fréquentant des cours du soir en œnologie, c’est précisément cette troisième étape de la consommation qui est majoritairement présentée comme non problématisée. Ce n’est pas la perception sensorielle de la qualité qui soulève des questions aux yeux des buveurs, mais la sélection lors de l’achat, ainsi que le service de vins de qualité, combinés de manière avantageuse à un plat – c’est-à-dire de sorte que la qualité initiale du vin soit manifeste à tous les convives. De plus, le service devient seulement « difficile » quand il a lieu dans une situation publique : avec des invités ou au restaurant – alors que le choix du vin à apprécier en famille se fait « juste comme ça », de lui-même, sans élaboration de discours. Paraît ainsi une distinction opératoire entre ‘qualité en sphère privée’ et ‘qualité en sphère publique’, plus normée et du coup plus subtile à mettre en œuvre. En conformité avec les attentes générales de la filière professionnelle, les œnologues chargé(e)s des cours du soir en œnologie, se positionnant « dans le sens du terroir », entendent – chacun dans son style d’enseignement individuel – à la fois construire et consolider des compétences cognitives et développer des savoir-faire sensoriels. Afin d’atteindre l’objectif consensuel d’une plus grande autonomie « du consommateur », capable de juger et de départir sans aide extérieure, ce sont les capacités de perception et d’évaluation sensorielle de la qualité qui constituent l’outil ultime. Tandis que les connaissances sur le contexte et le mode de production du vin, constituent un savoir en toile de fond, utile seulement dans ses combinaisons pratiques avec des expériences gustatives directes. Mais les personnes fréquentant ces cours sont surtout attentives à l’exposé oral fait par l’œnologue et voient la dégustation (composée de vins aux propriétés sensorielles ‘didactiques’ et ‘démonstratives’, car toujours « typiques » de leur origine) comme un simple agrément. Les questions qui reviennent le plus souvent sont celles de ‘recettes’ toutes faites sur l’achat et le service des vins, dans un désir de transposabilité à l’identique. Les œnologues résistent à ces pressions en prônant l’entraînement sensoriel (« l’on ne peut que recommander aux gens de goûter »), aboutissant à des opinions individuelles – ce dans un cadre qualitatif maîtrisé, tel qu’il a été présenté dans le cours : « après le cours, les gens ont une possibilité de trouver si un vin est bon ou pas bon ». Au terme de cette interaction entre ‘consommateur apprenant’, désireux de se retrouver dans la jungle des vins espérés de qualité, et les chargé(e)s de cours, on pourrait parler de « malentendu culturel » (Pedler, 2004 : 127) diffus. Comme dans d’autres domaines culturels, effectivement « rien n’indique qu’il existe une adéquation entre offres et réceptions cultivées » (idem : 130). Entre le fait d’entendre ‘dire la qualité’ (par l’œnologue) et l’apprendre dans un cours (pour soi), les médiations semblent incertaines, et les inhibitions ne se lèvent qu’à des conditions individuelles particulières. Notamment la famille et la curiosité affranchie sont des incitateurs puissants pour dépasser la renonciation majoritaire d’aller au bout du voyage entamé. Ces facteurs permettent d’aboutir du « j’aime » ou « je n’aime pas » vers un plaisir de découverte, d’expérimentation et d’énonciation du ‘pourquoi’ de la qualité. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNachweis von online vs. gedächtnisbasierter Urteilsbildung mithilfe des Widerspruchsparadigmas
Roth, Rainer; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

Scientific Conference (2005, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (0 UL)
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See detailDévelopper l’employabilité et favoriser la mobilité professionnelle par l’étude et la prise en compte du contexte de travail
Pignault, Anne UL; Loarer, Even; Loss, Isabelle

Scientific Conference (2005, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 UL)
Full Text
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See detailA complete description of comparison meaningful functions
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Mesiar, Radko; Rückschlossová, Tatiana

in Montseny, Eduard; Sobrevilla, Pilar (Eds.) Proceedings of the Joint 4th Conference of the European Society for Fuzzy Logic and Technology and the 11th Rencontres Francophones sur la Logique Floue et ses Applications, Barcelona, Spain, September 7-9, 2005. (2005, September)

Comparison meaningful functions acting on some real interval E are completely described as transformed coordinate projections on minimal invariant subsets. The case of monotone comparison meaningful ... [more ▼]

Comparison meaningful functions acting on some real interval E are completely described as transformed coordinate projections on minimal invariant subsets. The case of monotone comparison meaningful functions is further specified. Several already known results for comparison meaningful functions and invariant functions are [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (0 UL)
See detailMetaproteomics: studying functional gene expression in microbial ecosystems
Wilmes, Paul UL

Scientific Conference (2005, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (0 UL)
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See detailEntropy of bi-capacities
Kojadinovic, Ivan; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

in Montseny, Eduard; Sobrevilla, Pilar (Eds.) Proceedings of the Joint 4th Conference of the European Society for Fuzzy Logic and Technology and the 11th Rencontres Francophones sur la Logique Floue et ses Applications, Barcelona, Spain, September 7-9, 2005. (2005, September)

The notion of Shannon entropy, recently generalized to capacities, is extended to bi-capacities and its main properties are studied.

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See detailDirektionalität bei der Verarbeitung von kausal verbundenen Personmerkmalen
Kneer, Julia; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

Scientific Conference (2005, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 UL)