References of "Contribution to collective works"
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See detailBrussels II ter Regulation, Commentary of Article 56 Suspension and Refusal
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in mankowski, Peter; Magnus, Ulrich (Eds.) Brussels IIter Regulation (2023)

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See detailBrussels II ter Regulation, Commentary of Article 52 Authorities Competent for Enforcement
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Mankowski, Peter; Magnus, Ulrich (Eds.) Brussels IIter Regulation (2023)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 UL)
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See detailFrom Branches to Subsidiaries: Post-brexit Enforcement of Subsidiarisation in the European Union
Lupinu, Pier Mario UL

in Böffel, Lukas; Schürger, Jonas (Eds.) Digitalisation, Sustainability, and the Banking and Capital Markets Union (2022)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
See detailAction Mechanisms of Electro-Fenton and Photo-Electro-Fenton Processes for Pathogen and Organic Microcontaminant Removal
Giannakis, Stefanos; Salmeron Garcia, Irene UL; Malato, Sixto et al

in Prakash, Halan; Dhodapkar, Rita S; McGuigan, Kevin (Eds.) Photo- and Electrochemical Water Treatment: For the Removal of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (2022)

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See detailDer Chor der Heimat. Arnold Ulitz, Luis Trenker und der frühe deutsche Tonfilm
Pause, Johannes UL

in Carstensen, Thorsten; Kohns, Oliver (Eds.) Heimat in Literatur und Kultur. Neue Perspektiven (2022)

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See detailThe evolution of the right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial in direct and indirect taxation: Are we there yet?
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Bonelli, Matteo; Eliantonio, Mariolina; Gentile, Giulia (Eds.) Article 47 of the EU Charter and effective judicial protection: Volume 1 - The Court of Justice’s perspective (2022)

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See detailImmunity Defences and the Enforcement of Awards in Investor-State Disputes
Garcia Olmedo, Javier UL

in Nasir Gore, Kiran; Duggal, Kabir; Putilin, Elijah (Eds.) et al Investment Law & Arbitration in Central Asia: Emerging Issues (2022)

This chapter critically examines the claim that investment treaty awards have a final and binding character. It finds that, despite providing different mechanisms of collection, the ICSID and New York ... [more ▼]

This chapter critically examines the claim that investment treaty awards have a final and binding character. It finds that, despite providing different mechanisms of collection, the ICSID and New York Conventions provide states with a tool to avoid compliance with investment treaty awards based on sovereign immunity rules. These rules have been invoked by states in an increasing number of cases, creating a hurdle for investors to obtain payment of the award. This chapter concludes with some potential remedies to the immunity bar. [less ▲]

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See detail„Über den Wolken …“ – Von Visionen und einem Ziel: Bestandsaufnahme nach anderthalb Dekaden der UN-Deklaration über die Rechte indigener Völker
Cole, Mark David UL

in Cole, Mark David; Schiedermair, Stephanie; Wagner, Eva Ellen (Eds.) Die Entfaltung von Freiheit im Rahmen des Rechts - Festschrift für Dieter Dörr zum 70. Geburtstag (2022)

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See detailLe goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique : gestes et récits historiens, du document au corpus
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Muller, Caroline

in Ruiz, Emilien; Bardiot, Clarisse; Dehoux, Esther (Eds.) La fabrique numérique des corpus en sciences humaines et sociales (2022)

Le Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique est un projet co-dirigé par Caroline Muller et Frédéric Clavert. Livre en ligne écrit de manière collaborative, il entend interroger les routines numériques « ... [more ▼]

Le Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique est un projet co-dirigé par Caroline Muller et Frédéric Clavert. Livre en ligne écrit de manière collaborative, il entend interroger les routines numériques « discrètes » des historiens face à l’archive, y compris au moment de la constitution du corpus, et examiner les conséquences possibles pour l’écriture de l’histoire de cette introduction, tant logicielle que matérielle, de l’informatique dans les pratiques historiennes. Les différentes contributions en ligne qui alimentent ce livre « vivant » traitent tout à la fois de la collecte des archives et de la constitution des corpus, du gigantisme de ces corpus numérisés ou nativement numériques et des relations à l’archive ainsi qu’à la salle de lecture. Ces témoignages à teneur ethnographique permettent ainsi de dégager quelques conclusions intermédiaires sur les pratiques informatiques et numériques exposées. Quelle place occupe l’outillage de l’historien dans l’écriture de l’histoire ? Quelle diversité de pratiques numériques se cachent ainsi derrière ce Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique ? Quels contrastes entre les disciplines ces pratiques reflètent- elles ? Ce retour d’expérience de publication collective permet à la fois d’esquisser des réponses ainsi que d’offrir des pers- pectives d’étude sur cette nouvelle relation à l’archive. [less ▲]

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See detailGeistliche Macht der Musik oder weltliche Macht der geistlichen Musiker? Cäcilianismus in Luxemburg
Sagrillo, Damien François UL

in Ehret, Jean (Ed.) Die geistige und geistliche Macht der Musik (2022)

Im Beitrag geht es einerseits um briefliche Korrespondenzen im Zusammenhang mit dem Cäcilianismus in Luxemburg, insbesondere um den Briefaustausch zwischen zwei herausgehobenen Persönlichkeiten, nämlich ... [more ▼]

Im Beitrag geht es einerseits um briefliche Korrespondenzen im Zusammenhang mit dem Cäcilianismus in Luxemburg, insbesondere um den Briefaustausch zwischen zwei herausgehobenen Persönlichkeiten, nämlich Franz Xaver Witt, dem im süddeutschen Raum wirkenden Hauptvertreter der kirchenmusikalischen Reformbewegung, und seinem in Luxemburg wirkenden Mitstreiter im Geiste, Heinrich Oberhoffer. Ande-rerseits werden Formen von Machtausübung thematisiert, die vom Cäcili-anismus ausgehen und auf ihn einwirken. [less ▲]

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See detailLe règlement des conflits entre actionnaires : mesures provisoires, exclusion, retrait et modes alternatifs de résolution des conflits
Corbisier, Isabelle UL

in Delvaux, Marie-Amélie; Coipel, Michel (Eds.) Jurisprudence en droit des sociétés et des associations - recueil annuel (2022)

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See detailDie Metropolregion
Hesse, Markus UL

in Ermann, Ulrich (Ed.) Die Region. Eine Begriffsbestimmung (2022)

Mit dem Begriff der Metropolregion werden traditionell große Verdichtungsräume und ihr Einzugsbereich bezeichnet, gelegentlich auch Millionenstädte. Im europäischen Raum wurde der Begriff der ... [more ▼]

Mit dem Begriff der Metropolregion werden traditionell große Verdichtungsräume und ihr Einzugsbereich bezeichnet, gelegentlich auch Millionenstädte. Im europäischen Raum wurde der Begriff der Metropolregion seit den 1990er Jahren für die räumliche Planung und Forschung zunehmend relevant. Lag die klassische Rolle der Raumforschung im Metropolenkontext bei Fragen der Identifikation, Abgrenzung und inhaltlichen Bestimmung von Raumeinheiten, wurde die Metropolregion zunehmend zum Gegenstand räumlicher Entwicklungspolitik gemacht. Dazu bediente man sich einer diskursiven Rahmung, eines framings, das spezifische Assoziationen um diesen Begriff konstruierte: die Verbindung von Großstadt und Moderne, die Konnotation von Region mit Wachstum und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit, der Anschluss der Raumplanung an den Geist der Zeit. Mehr als 25 Jahre nach Einführung der Metropolregionen als Kategorie der deutschen Raumordnung bietet sich eine kritische Reflektion dieser Praxis an: Welchen Einfluss hat diese Rahmung auf politische Diskurse ausgeübt, welcher Regionsbegriff wurde zugrunde gelegt, wie wurde diese Setzung empirisch begründet? Auf diese Weise werden das Metropolenkonzept und sein diskursives framing problematisiert. Außerdem wird gefragt, ob es alternative wissenschaftliche Ansätze zur Analyse des Wandels von der Region zur Metropolregion gibt. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench National Paths Within a Global Computing Market
Schafer, Valerie UL; Thierry, Benjamin

in Van Lente, Dick (Ed.) Prophets of Computing: Visions of Society Transformed by Computing (2022)

In her book The radiance of France, Gabrielle Hecht has shown how France sought to carve out a distinctive role for itself by means of major technological projects (and especially nuclear power). She ... [more ▼]

In her book The radiance of France, Gabrielle Hecht has shown how France sought to carve out a distinctive role for itself by means of major technological projects (and especially nuclear power). She demonstrates how an American system was adapted in order to “make it French” and incorporate political and cultural issues. The same may be emphasized regarding computing in France: there was a desire to play a distinctive role in a market and field which were dominated by the USA. French leaders attempted to pursue a national and creative path, rather than focusing on adoption and appropriation. This chapter aims to shed light on some of the milestones and highlights of French policy by providing a technical, economic and political analysis of the co-construction of computer R&D and industry and the visions of the present and the future that accompanied it. These visions were often embedded in geopolitics and industrial strategies, but the foresight and imaginaries of decision-makers and engineers also played a role in these decades when it came to designing a route to the computerization of society, whether via educational uses or by means of online services and telematics. Based on sources from the French National Institute for Research on Information Technology and Automation (INRIA) and reports from the country’s telecommunications authority as well as material from the press, radio and television and oral interviews, this chapter mostly adopts a top-down approach related to national plans and policies. Such an approach is relatively unusual in this book, as most authors have opted for a more user- or media-oriented analysis or a hybrid method combining several layers of understanding and both top-down and bottom-up perspectives. Although societal visions were debated, especially in the 1980s when Minitel and telematics were developing, and although the Plan Informatique pour Tous had a tangible influence on schools and was also highly visible in the media and society at large, our choice to focus on political, engineering and industrial visions aims to shed light on the role of pragmatism, negotiations, tensions and geopolitics in French policies. The latter have rarely been interpreted as “visions of the future” or imaginaries but they may encourage us to view the multiple plans and performative discourses adopted in France (and in other countries ) as useful mirrors (albeit sometimes offering a distorted reflection) that had a real influence on digital strategies. The first part covers the period from the implementation of the Plan Calcul, which aimed to facilitate the development of national research and industry, and the debates over European cooperation to the end of the Plan Calcul. The second section looks at the period from the second half of the 1970s to the beginning of the 1990s, when French authorities and industry developed some highly original national projects such as Minitel and tried to “computerize society” in a French way. Although the interventionist approach pursued by a government that viewed proactive industrial policy as vital for independence and competitiveness was fiercely criticized at the time, and especially from the 1990s onwards, the withdrawal of the state and the siren calls of deregulation pointed, as we will demonstrate, to a loss of values, projects and even visions for the future, especially regarding a long-term geopolitical strategy for France. [less ▲]

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See detail„Das Schaufenster der Freiheit“ Aussicht und Urbanisierung in Batty Webers Abreisskalender in den 1920er Jahren
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Pauly, Michel (Ed.) Geschichte der Stadt Luxemburg in 99 Objekten (2022)

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See detailGravimetric method
Francis, Olivier UL

in Bondo Medhus; Lone Klinkby (Eds.) Engineering Geophysics (2022)

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See detailLuxembourg Economy
Danescu, Elena UL

in Hartley, Cathy (Ed.) Western Europe 2023 (2022)

Situated in the centre of Europe and bordered by two major powers, France and Germany, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has always sought to maintain an openness to its neighbours, for reasons of security ... [more ▼]

Situated in the centre of Europe and bordered by two major powers, France and Germany, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has always sought to maintain an openness to its neighbours, for reasons of security and to give itself access to larger markets. In the 19th century Luxembourg was part of the German customs and trade union (Zollverein). Following the First World War, the country embarked on a process of economic and monetary integration with Belgium via the BLU and it played a driving role in the Benelux Economic Union. Following the Second World War, it was ultimately with the European project that these integration efforts began to bear fruit and assume a new dimension. If Luxembourg is to safeguard its welfare state and boost competitiveness, especially in view of the prevailing uncertainty of the current international and geopolitical climate, it must tackle several recurrent issues (including an ageing population, unemployment among young people, the sustainability of the social security system). [less ▲]

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See detailTrägt Unterrichtsqualität zur Prävention von Entfremdung vom Lernen bei? Empirische Befunde für die Sekundarstufe in der Schweiz und Luxemburg
Braas, Lena; Grecu, Alyssa; Morinaj, Julia et al

in Lauermann, Fani; Jöhren, Christiane; McElvany, Nele (Eds.) et al Jahrbuch der Schulentwicklung. Band 22: Multiperspektivität von Unterrichtsprozessen (2022)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 UL)
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See detailDirective "Droit des actionnaires" 2007/36/CE et (UE) 2017/828 - Commentaire article par article
Buchberger, Mathieu; Coupet, Caroline; Barcellona, E. et al

in Directive "Droit des actionnaires" 2007/36/CE et (UE) 2017/828 - Commentaire article par article (2022)

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See detailLe statut de Jerusalem au regard du droit international public: Jerusalem et la Terre Sainte depuis la fin de l'Empire Ottoman
Happold, Matthew UL

in Lindsay Simpson, William (Ed.) Laudate Jerusalem: la présence chrétienne en Terre sainte (2022)

An introduction to the treaty and other international law rules governing access to the Holy Sites in and around Jerusalem since the nineteenth century.

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See detailBerufener Wahrspruch. Von Vor- und Gottesurteil(-en) in Morant und Galie
Reicher, Ruth UL

in Bendheim, Amelie; Störmer-Caysa, Uta; Sieburg, Heinz (Eds.) Vorurteil und Befangenheit. Kulturelle und literarhistorische Perspektiven (2022)

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See detailLuxembourg Cases
Haslehner, Werner UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Georg, Kofler (et al.) (Ed.) CJEU - Recent Developments in Direct Taxation 2021 (2022)

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See detailEconomic Constitution and the State
Tuori, Klaus UL

in Biebricher, Thomas; Nedergaard, Peter; Bonefeld, Werner (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Ordoliberalism (2022)

The role of the state in the Ordoliberal economic constitution lies at the heart of Ordoliberalism and constitutes a key difference between the theory of Ordoliberalism and other forms of liberalism. The ... [more ▼]

The role of the state in the Ordoliberal economic constitution lies at the heart of Ordoliberalism and constitutes a key difference between the theory of Ordoliberalism and other forms of liberalism. The state imposes the constitutional framework on the economy; it does not arise as natural law, but through conscious and scientific planning. The state and the economic constitution have a more multifaceted and complex relationship than first meets the eye. This is revealed through the various definitions of state, its functions, the role of independent agencies, the relationship between the economic constitution and (mass) democracy and the discussion on authoritarian liberalism. The definition of the state within the Ordoliberal economic constitution uses the concept of a strong state, which refers to a limited state that is able resist interest groups and maintain the liberal society. A further aspect is what kind of a state is demanded or even created by the economic constitution; the economic constitution can be created by the state but arguably also that the state can be defined and even created by the economic constitution. From this perspective, economic liberties and the functioning of competition could be presented as a key legitimation for the state. [less ▲]

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See detailFake News und unsere epistemische Grundsituation
Hofmann, Frank UL

in Bendheim, Amelie; Pavlik, Jennifer (Eds.) 'Fake News' in Literatur und Medien (2022)

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See detailAlgorithmic Trading in Experimental Markets with Human Traders: A Literature Survey
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Nekrasova, Elizaveta UL; Bao, Te et al

in Fullbrunn, Sascha (Ed.) Handbook of Experimental Finance (2022)

This chapter surveys the nascent experimental research on the interaction between human and algorithmic (bot) traders in experimental markets. We first discuss studies in which algorithmic traders are in ... [more ▼]

This chapter surveys the nascent experimental research on the interaction between human and algorithmic (bot) traders in experimental markets. We first discuss studies in which algorithmic traders are in the researcher’s hands. Specifically, the researcher assigns computer agents as traders in the market. We then followed it up by discussing studies in which the researcher allows human traders to decide whether to employ algorithms for trading or to trade by themselves. The paper introduces the types and performances of algorithmic traders that interact with human subjects in the laboratory, including zero-intelligent traders, arbitragers, fundamentalists, adaptive algorithms, and manipulators. We find that whether algorithm traders earn more profit than human traders crucially depends on the asset’s fundamental value process and the market environment. The potential impact of interactions with algorithms on the investor’s psychology is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailKönnen wir den Einfluss stereotyper Erwartungen auf die Übergangsentscheidungen durch Training reduzieren? Theoretisches Wissen, Feedback und formale Entscheidungsregeln
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Glock, Sabine

in Glock, Sabine (Ed.) Stereotype in der Schule II: Ursachen und Möglichkeiten der Intervention (2022)

In diesem Kapitel präsentieren wir zwei experimentelle Studien, die darauf abzielen, über Trainings den Einfluss sozialer Hintergrundmerkmale auf die Übergangsempfehlung zu reduzieren. Ein Training ... [more ▼]

In diesem Kapitel präsentieren wir zwei experimentelle Studien, die darauf abzielen, über Trainings den Einfluss sozialer Hintergrundmerkmale auf die Übergangsempfehlung zu reduzieren. Ein Training konzentrierte sich auf die Vermittlung von theoretischem Wissen über Urteilsbildung, ein anderes Training auf die Einübung von statistischen Regeln bzgl. die gewichtete Integration von Schüler*inneninformationen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Übergangsentscheidungen der luxemburgischen Lehrkräfte vor den Trainings für Schüler*innen mit Migrationshintergrund weniger genau waren, während diese Tendenz nach dem Training verschwand. Die Urteilsgenauigkeit wurde erhöht, insbesondere bei Entscheidungen für Schüler*innen mit Migrationshintergrund. Die Ergebnisse waren unabhängig von der Art des Trainings. Wir diskutieren weiterhin, dass die für Luxembourg entwickelten Trainings erfolgreich für andere Settings (d. h. für Deutschland und den Niederlanden) angepasst werden können und wurden. In allen drei Settings deuten die Erfahrungen mit den Trainings darauf hin, dass ein zunehmendes Bewusstsein für die Auswirkungen stereotyper Überzeugungen auf Urteile, entweder durch theoretisches Wissen oder durch die systematische Anwendung formaler Entscheidungsregeln, die Entscheidungsprozesse und Urteilsgenauigkeit verbessern kann, was letztendlich zu einer Verringerung von Bildungsungleichheiten führen kann. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentity conflicts in multilevel regulatory systems and the remedy of loyalty: Sketching a Model of Legal Coexistence from the Judicial Experience of the EU
Zinonos, Panagiotis UL

in Ligeti, Katalin; Brodersen, Kei Hannah (Eds.) Studies on Enforcement in Multilevel Regulatory Systems (2022)

Focused on the most radical form of enforcement challenges – identity conflicts – the chapter forms an experience of thought or a normative claim aiming to anticipating them. Such conflicts are understood ... [more ▼]

Focused on the most radical form of enforcement challenges – identity conflicts – the chapter forms an experience of thought or a normative claim aiming to anticipating them. Such conflicts are understood as covering all claims relating to fundamental components of the legal orders involved in multi-level systems or of the identity of these very systems – protection of rights, of competences or of specific structures. References to the EU judicial experience illustrate the analyses. As the concept of identity does not comprise any clear-cut content, emphasis is put on the context in which they evolve. The main argument consists in analysing the principle of loyalty as the identity of any multi-level setting and as a systemic remedy of identity conflicts. Specifically, loyalty structures the functioning of multi-level settings through the process of concretisation and articulation of legal principles, as well as through criteria liable distinguishing the scope of application of norms – their interpretation being source of identity conflicts. Consequently, the chapter reduces identity conflicts to cognitive disfunctions of a given system and stresses the relevance of its actors to fully benefit from the remedy of loyalty. The specific role of the adjudicators is assessed in the light of an organic proposal in favour of multi-level hybrid organs competent on identity-related issues. The concretisation of such organs could anticipate identity-related enforcement challenges and guarantee the coexistence of legal orders and actors in a multi-level space of ordinated pluralism combined with a renewed understanding of ultimate authority. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction (Enforcement Challenges in Multilevel Regulatory Systems)
Zinonos, Panagiotis UL; Ligeti, Katalin UL; Brodersen, Kei Hannah

in Ligeti, Katalin; Brodersen, Kei Hannah (Eds.) Studies on Enforcement in Multilevel Regulatory Systems (2022)

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See detailLa coopération entre banques centrales au XXe siècle : intensification, diversification et approfondissement
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Mourlon-Druol, Emmanuel

in Clavert, Frédéric; Libera, Marial; Aballéa, Marion (Eds.) et al Un historien des relations internationales dans la Cité (2022)

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See detailThe emergence of the new over-riding objective of financial stability
Tuori, Klaus UL; Losada, Fernando

in González Pascual, Maribel; Torres Pérez, Aida (Eds.) Social Rights and the European Monetary Union Challenges Ahead (2022)

In this chapter, we argue that the concern for financial stability led to a drastic change in European integration, as from 2010 onwards it became an overriding objective not only for the EMU but indeed ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we argue that the concern for financial stability led to a drastic change in European integration, as from 2010 onwards it became an overriding objective not only for the EMU but indeed for the whole EU. Initially a political concept lacking clear legal definition, financial stability gradually made its way into the EU legal order, starting with appearances in international law treaties such as the Treaty on Stability, Convergence and Governance in the EMU (TSCG) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) Treaty. In a second step, it found its way to EU primary law through the new Article 136(3) TFEU until it was fully entrenched into the EU legal order through the CJEU case law. Because it is such a versatile concept, financial stability has justified very different measures to address financial and sovereign debt crises, ranging from innovative monetary policy programs and new financial assistance mechanisms for Member states in distress to reinforced central control over national budgets within the context of the European Semester. When approached together, these measures yield a framework that is generally inconsistent and can only be coherently reconstructed if financial stability is considered the keystone. Moreover, the overriding nature of the financial stability objective could create significant problems when other aims and objectives run counter to it – something that is likely to happen. In particular, firmly anchoring the objective of financial stability may pose major challenges for the advancement of social rights protections. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable Governance Indicators (SGI) 2022 - Luxembourg Country Analysis
Danescu, Elena UL; Thomas, Adrien UL; Clément, Franz et al

in Danescu, Elena; Clément, Franz; Thomas, Adrien (Eds.) Sustainable Governance Indicators (SGI) 2022 - Luxembourg Chapter (2022)

The Grand Duchy is considered as the third most open economy in the world, with an openness rate of 158.2% of GDP. The country has an export-intensive economy, with a recurrent trade deficit. The share of ... [more ▼]

The Grand Duchy is considered as the third most open economy in the world, with an openness rate of 158.2% of GDP. The country has an export-intensive economy, with a recurrent trade deficit. The share of foreign trade in Luxembourg’s GDP is currently higher then 30%. Even in the context of the Covid-19 crisis, the country is pursuing its strategy of public investments. Direct and indirect investments envisaged to reach 4.3% of GDP in 2021, a significantly higher cap than the average of 3.7% during the years 2015-2019.Luxembourg has a highly qualified workforce (59.6% of the active population). Over the past 12 month the overall employment growth rate was 1.6%, and that related to the cross-border workers was 2,2%. Two-thirds of jobs created in Luxembourg are aimed at higher education graduates.With an outstanding social security system, a level of material wellbeing above the EU average and sound public finances, Luxembourg is currently one of the most politically stable and prosperous countries in the world. Its strong fiscal position is well illustrated by a longstanding AAA credit rating, a significant accumulation of government financial assets, and a balanced, healthy fiscal position. The public administration, almost completely digitalised, is efficient and the overall economic outlook remains stable. [less ▲]

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See detailJewish Studies in the Digital Age: Introduction
Zaagsma, Gerben UL; Stökl Ben Ezra, Daniel; Rürup, Miriam et al

in Levi, Amalia S.; Zaagsma, Gerben; Stökl Ben Ezra, Daniel (Eds.) et al Jewish Studies in the Digital Age (2022)

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See detailLearning and Teaching Geropsychology
Boll, Thomas UL

in Zumbach, Joerg; Bernstein, Douglas; Narciss, Susanne (Eds.) et al International Handbook of Psychology Learning and Teaching (2022)

This chapter presents a broad overview about the essential aspects of learning and teaching geropsychology in tertiary education. After an introduction to the scope of geropsychology and the need for ... [more ▼]

This chapter presents a broad overview about the essential aspects of learning and teaching geropsychology in tertiary education. After an introduction to the scope of geropsychology and the need for geropsychology education, the objectives and basic principles of geropsychology curricula are discussed. Their overall goal is to qualify students and/or professionals to understand and solve psychological aspects of problems of older people in the contexts of practical application, research, and teaching. Specific teaching and learning objectives in geropsychology are described in terms of underlying content dimensions (e.g., areas of acting, functioning, and development of older people; basic components of practical geropsychological acting; target groups and settings) and levels of competency to be acquired (e.g., uni-, multi-structural, relational, and extended abstract level). This is followed by an overview of the core topics of geropsychology. These refer to theoretical (e.g., basic concepts of age, aging and the elderly; action competence of older people; challenges in later life; resources for adaptation; problems of people providing services to older adults), normative (ethical and legal) and methodological foundations (research, assessment, evaluation and intervention methods). This is followed by sections on linking main learning objectives and core topics of geropsychology to courses within study programs (psychological or non-psychological) and about the relations between teaching, learning, and assessment in geropsychology. The chapter concludes with information about resources for these issues including relevant URL links, tips for teaching and annotated references to further reading. [less ▲]

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See detailToy created by an Ostarbeiter
Ganschow, Inna UL

in Cauvin, Thomas; van Donkersgoed, Joëlla (Eds.) HistorESCH. Histories of Esch Told in 25 Objects (2022)

During the war, the steel industry in Esch played an important strategic role for the Germans. To ensure and increase production, unskilled additional labour was needed. Thus, the German occupiers ... [more ▼]

During the war, the steel industry in Esch played an important strategic role for the Germans. To ensure and increase production, unskilled additional labour was needed. Thus, the German occupiers resorted to the occupied peoples of Soviet Union and Poland, who were transported to Luxembourg to work in the steel mills and mines. The first so called Ostarbeiter entered Luxembourg during October 1942 and were placed in different barracks called Ostarbeiterlager. Most of these barracks were located in the south of Luxembourg, close to the iron and steel industries. One of those camps was situated close to what is today the Ramerish roundabout. In Esch, they worked in the ironworks. Although the inhabitants were forbidden to communicate with the Ostarbeiters, some inhabitants gave them food or clothing to compensate for the lack of food and the poor living conditions. In return the Ostarbeiters were crafting wooden dynamic toys for Luxembourgish children. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Werner report and the financial crisis during the 1970s
Danescu, Elena UL; Tedeschi, Paolo

in Leboutte, René; Tedeschi, Paolo (Eds.) Euro changes: European Responses to Economics and Social Changes. From de 1970s to the new Millennium. (2022)

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See detailThe Politics of Graves – Negotiations, Practice and Reactions about Fallen German Soldiers of World War Two and Their Resting Places in Russia
Janz, Nina UL

in Rydel, Jan; Trobst, Stefan (Eds.) Instrumentalizing the Past: The Impact of History on Contemporary International Conflicts (2022)

The coming to terms with the past is essential as a negotiating point in interstate relations, especially in the consequences of the Second World War. Not only the question towards compensation, guilt and ... [more ▼]

The coming to terms with the past is essential as a negotiating point in interstate relations, especially in the consequences of the Second World War. Not only the question towards compensation, guilt and victimhood but as well in numbers and losses of humans - and their remains. The dealing of the commemoration of the dead and their resting places makes an integral part in the history politics. After the end of the Soviet Union, the new Russian Federation signed an agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany on the war graves in both countries. Based on this document, the German War Grave Commission is allowed to work on the Russian territory, recovering, exhuming and building new cemeteries for the German dead. Its workflow and the access to the former soldier graves consist not without difficulties. Starting with the diplomatic and political issue of the traces of the Wehrmacht in Russia and the Soviet Union, continuing with gaining access and the permission for excavations and constructing new burial grounds in Russia, the work of the German organisation met obstacles, reservations and incomprehension. The cemetery constructions were restricted by local negotiations partners. Protests appeared by veterans and the local population. The fallen Wehrmacht soldiers, who attacked the Soviet Union and committed crimes against humanity, trigger very controversial discussions alongside the official Russian narrative of the Great Patriotic War. Based on the negotiations regarding the graves of the deceased, a policy about historical images arose, which can be interpreted as politics of graves [less ▲]

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See detailChancen und Grenzen von Schiedsverfahren im internationalen Steuerrecht
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Schön, Wolfgang; Stark, Johanna (Eds.) Zukunftsfragen des deutschen Steuerrechts IV (2022)

This contribution considers the opportunities created for thee improvement of international tax dispute resolution by various types of arbitration mechanisms, as well as their legal and political limits ... [more ▼]

This contribution considers the opportunities created for thee improvement of international tax dispute resolution by various types of arbitration mechanisms, as well as their legal and political limits in light of superior norms, in particular constitutional law requirements, EU fundamental rights, and internal market rules. [less ▲]

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See detailWou d’Uelzecht (net) duerech d’Wisen zéit …
Pauly, Michel UL

in Genot, Gilles; Bruns, Änder (Eds.) Fecit. W: Callot. Die Stadtansicht Luxemburgs von Wenzel Callot aus dem Jahr 1753. La vue de la ville de Luxembourg par Wenzel Callot de 1753 (2022)

L'article détaille le rôle de la rivière Alzette pour le développement de la ville de Luxembourg du 10e au 18e siècle, en suivant le cours de l'eau sur le dessin de Wenzel Callot de 1753

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See detailRechtsgrundlagen der audiovisuellen Medien: Rundfunk und Telemedien
Cole, Mark David UL

in Hartstein, Reinhard; Ring, Wolf-Dieter; Kreile, Johannes (Eds.) et al Heidelberger Kommentar Medienstaatsvertrag Jugendmedienschutzstaatsvertrag (2022)

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See detailWargames
Pause, Johannes UL

in Flintrop, Michael (Ed.) John Badham. Blick und Bewegung (2022)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 UL)
See detailLe Luxembourg, un espace intermédiaire nationalisé
Spirinelli, Fabio UL

in Audigier, François; Grandhomme, Jean-Noël; Lamarre, Jean (Eds.) Identités nationales et identités régionales dans l'espace de la francophonie européenne et nord-américaine des années 1960 à nos jours (2022)

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See detailDialoguing Borders in the Post-soviet Space through Citizen Science – Ukrainian Borderland Perspectives
Jaschik, Johanna Maria UL; Venken, Machteld UL

in Von Löwis, Sabine; Eschment, Beate (Eds.) Post-Soviet Borders. A Kaleidoscope of Shifting Lives and Lands (2022)

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See detailSoziale Kohäsion als Reflexionskonzept zur Wohnraumproblematik im Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Dujardin, Céline UL

in Baier, Florian; Borrmann, Stefan; Hefel, Johanna M. (Eds.) et al Europäische Gesellschaften zwischen Kohäsion und Spaltung. Rolle, Herausforderungen und Perspektiven Sozialer Arbeit (2022)

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See detailIn Russischer Erde - Die Exhumierung toter deutscher Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges in Russland durch den Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge
Janz, Nina UL

in Rass, Christoph (Ed.) Konfliktlandschaften interdisziplinär lesen (2022)

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See detailPoverty and sustainable development governance
Koff, Harlan UL

in Russel, Duncan; Kirsop-Taylor, Nick (Eds.) Handbook on the Governance of Sustainable Development (2022)

This chapter is part of a handbook on sustainable development. It examines the traditional descrepancies that exist between anti-poverty policies and rural development strategies, especially in emerging ... [more ▼]

This chapter is part of a handbook on sustainable development. It examines the traditional descrepancies that exist between anti-poverty policies and rural development strategies, especially in emerging economies, such as Mexico. This chapter analyzes the Sembrando Vida social integration program in Mexico through a policy coherence for development (PCD) framework. It shows how the program needs to be better contextualized in other policy arenas in order to guarantee its success. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Right of Third States to Challenge EU Restrictive Measures before the Court: Venezuela v Council
Finelli, Francesca UL

in Butler, Graham; Wessel, Ramses A (Eds.) EU External Relations Law: The Cases in Context (2022)

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See detailThe European Investment Bank, development banks and the promotion of public-private partnerships
Howarth, David UL; Liebe, Moritz

in Kavvadia, Helen; Coppolaro, Lucia (Eds.) Deciphering the European Investment Bank: History, Politics, and Economics (2022)

This chapter focuses on the role of the European Investment Bank (EIB) and other development banks around the world in the promotion of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs). In the late 1980s, PPPs (re ... [more ▼]

This chapter focuses on the role of the European Investment Bank (EIB) and other development banks around the world in the promotion of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs). In the late 1980s, PPPs (re-)emerged as a new form of infrastructure procurement in the European context, starting with the Channel (Euro-) Tunnel project. Procurement through PPPs increased significantly in European Union (EU) member states a decade later due to promotion efforts by the UK New Labour government, followed by a number of other EU member states. PPPs introduce private capital and participation into areas — for example, school and hospital construction and maintenance — which were predominately in the public realm. PPPs became popular with public authorities for a number of reasons, including perceived 'value for money' and the possibility of removing costs from the public ledgers. The main research question driving this chapter is: how should the EIB's role in PPP promotion best be understood? This chapter demonstrates that with regard to the promotion of PPPs, the activism of the EIB can be explained in terms of the bank's operation as a policy entrepreneur. We also argue that this framework for analysis — policy entrepreneurship — helps to explain to the promotion of PPPs by other development banks around the world. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Belagerung von Rodenmacher (1483), von der Stadt Luxemburg aus gesehen
Pauly, Michel UL

in Kolnberger, Thomas; Niederkorn, Benoît (Eds.) Militärgeschichte Luxemburgs. Grundzüge einer transnationalen Entwicklung von Militär, Krieg und Gesellschaft – Histoire militaire du Luxembourg, Principales caractéristiques d’un développement transnational de l’armée, de la guerre et de la société (2022)

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See detailΠλουραλισμός και δημοκρατία στο έργο των Σβώλου και Μάνεση.
Vagdoutis, Nikolaos UL

in Sotirelis, George; Kessopoulos, Alexandros (Eds.) Από τον Αλέξανδρο Σβώλο στον Αριστόβουλο Μάνεση. Η κοινή θεωρητική θεμελίωση του ελληνικού δημοκρατικού συνταγματισμού. (2022)

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See detailBürgerliche Freiheiten und militärische Pflichten mittelalterlicher Städte
Pauly, Michel UL; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Kolnberger, Thomas; Niederkorn, Benoît (Eds.) Militärgeschichte Luxemburgs. Grundzüge einer transnationalen Entwicklung von Militär, Krieg und Gesellschaft – Histoire militaire du Luxembourg, Principales caractéristiques d’un développement transnational de l’armée, de la guerre et de la société (2022)

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See detailLandesbeschreibung mit den Augen des Militärs : Der Ferraris-Atlas als erste kartografische Landesaufnahme des Herzogtums Luxemburg und der Österreichischen Niederlande
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Kolnberger, Thomas; Niederkorn, Benoît (Eds.) Militärgeschichte Luxemburgs. Grundzüge einer transnationalen Entwicklung von Militär, Krieg und Gesellschaft - Histoire militaire du Luxembourg. Principales caractéristiques d’un développement transnational de l’armée, de la guerre et de la société (2022)

The 18th century was an age of great innovation in cartography. For the first time, surveys of large areas were undertaken with enormous personnel and technical effort in order to be able to produce ... [more ▼]

The 18th century was an age of great innovation in cartography. For the first time, surveys of large areas were undertaken with enormous personnel and technical effort in order to be able to produce accurate and true-to-scale maps. The Habsburg Monarchy followed the example of the "Carte de Cassini", the first topographic map of France, and also commissioned a cartographic survey for the Netherlandish provinces. Empress Maria Theresa commissioned the director of the mathematics school of the artillery corps of the Austrian Netherlands, Major General Count Johann-Joseph von Ferraris, with this task. Between 1771 and 1777, a map series consisting of 275 hand-coloured single sheets at a scale of 1:11520 was produced under his direction. The "Carte de cabinet des Pays-Bas autrichiens" impresses both by the outstanding quality of the representation and by its great wealth of detail. It is one of the most important sources of 18th century Luxembourg history. [less ▲]

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See detailAn intersectional approach on primary school textbooks
Kerger, Sylvie UL; Brasseur, Laurence

in An intersectional approach on primary school textbooks (2022)

Textbooks play an important part in children's schooling. They have an obvious educational purpose and exist to convey knowledge, but their worth goes beyond the simple school framework. Teaching ... [more ▼]

Textbooks play an important part in children's schooling. They have an obvious educational purpose and exist to convey knowledge, but their worth goes beyond the simple school framework. Teaching materials, and particularly textbooks, have an essential role in the socialisation of children through the values they communicate. Based on these observations, we conducted an extensive study of gender representations in textbooks used in Luxembourg primary schools (Kerger & Brasseur, 2021). Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the number of characters and the type of activities in which they are represented, we were able to uncover the norms and stereotypes found in these textbooks. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Investment Law in US Courts
Garcia Olmedo, Javier UL

in Ruiz Fabri, Helene; Stoppioni, Edoardo (Eds.) International Investment Law: An Analysis of the Major Decisions (2022)

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See detailIntroduction - Children, Young People and Borders: A Multidisciplinary Outlook
Venken, Machteld UL; Kaisto, Virpi; Brambilla, Chiara

in Venken, Machteld; Kaisto, Virpi; Brambilla, Chiara (Eds.) Children, Young People and Borders: A Multidisciplinary Outlook (2022)

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See detailBorderland Child Heterotopias. A Case Study on the Belgian-German Borderlands
Venken, Machteld UL

in Venken, Machteld; Kaisto, Virpi; Brambilla, Chiara (Eds.) Children, Young People and Borders: A Multidisciplinary Outlook (2022)

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See detailBorderland Child Heterotopias. A Case Study on the Belgian-German Borderlands
Venken, Machteld UL

in Venken, Machteld; Kaisto, Virpi; Brambilla, Chiara (Eds.) Children, Young People and Borders A Multidisciplinary Outlook (2022)

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See detailEinleitung
Cole, Mark David UL

in Cole, Mark David; Dörr, Dieter; Kreile, Johannes (Eds.) Handbuch Medienrecht - Recht der elektronischen Medien (2022)

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See detailRechtsgrundlagen der elektronischen Medien
Cole, Mark David UL

in Cole, Mark David; Dörr, Dieter; Kreile, Johannes (Eds.) Handbuch Medienrecht - Recht der elektronischen Medien (2022)

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See detailJugendmedienschutz
Cole, Mark David UL; Ukrow, Jörg

in Cole, Mark David; Dörr, Dieter; Kreile, Johannes (Eds.) Handbuch Medienrecht - Recht der elektronischen Medien (2022)

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See detailThe Increasingly Differentiated European Single Market?
Howarth, David UL

in Leruth, Benjamin; Gänzle, Stefan; Trondal, Jarle (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Differentiation in the European Union (2022)

This contribution explores the range of differentiation in the EU Single Market and, specifically, differentiation created through the varying transposition and implementation of EU Single Market law and ... [more ▼]

This contribution explores the range of differentiation in the EU Single Market and, specifically, differentiation created through the varying transposition and implementation of EU Single Market law and policies and legally entrenched differentiation. Differentiation has in effect contributed to discrimination in the Single Market and has undermined market integration. Enlargement de facto increased soft and instrumental forms of differentiation. However, there is no correlation between the full transposition and implementation of EU legislation and policy and whether the member state is one of the older EU-15 or one of the newer EU-13. Moreover, it is clear from several legislative developments in the 2000s — including the directives on takeovers and energy production and supply, and the use of Enhanced Cooperation provisions on the Financial Transactions Tax (although not implemented) and the Unitary Patent — that the different preferences of the older member states — and notably German and French government preferences rooted in microeconomic interests — have driven legislated and, potentially permanent differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailQueer Education : transmettre des savoirs émancipateurs et anti-oppressifs
Pianaro, Enrica

in Kerger, Sylvie; Brasseur, Laurence (Eds.) Gender and Education in Luxembourg and Beyond : Local Challenges and New Perspectives (2022)

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See detailContent Management
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Zaagsma, Gerben; Noiret, Serge; Tebeau, Mark (Eds.) Handbook of Digital Public History (2022)

The use of content management systems (CMSes) in public history is a relatively new phenomenon that has greatly enhanced the possibilities of presenting, curating and narrating history online. As CMSes ... [more ▼]

The use of content management systems (CMSes) in public history is a relatively new phenomenon that has greatly enhanced the possibilities of presenting, curating and narrating history online. As CMSes have become increasingly powerful and easier to use, they obviate the need for comparatively costlier custom solutions, both in terms of time and financial investment. Archives, libraries, museums, institutions, scholars and educators are making use of CMSes to showcase collections, accompany exhibitions, tell histories online and to build online communities and networks. This chapter discusses how content management systems support these activities and projects while also delving into more technical aspects. In doing so the chapter focuses on open source systems which can be used by any scholar without incurring licensing fees, and are often supported by large user communities. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction: Handbook of Digital Public History
Noiret, Serge; Tebeau, Mark; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Noiret, Serge; Tebeau, Mark; Zaagsma, Gerben (Eds.) Handbook of Digital Public History (2022)

This handbook provides a systematic overview of the present state of international research in digital public history (DPH). Detailed individual studies by internationally renowned public historians ... [more ▼]

This handbook provides a systematic overview of the present state of international research in digital public history (DPH). Detailed individual studies by internationally renowned public historians, digital humanists and digital historians elucidate central issues in the field and present a critical account of the major public history accomplishments, research activities, practices with the public and of their digital context. The handbook applies an international and comparative public history approach, looks at its historical development, focuses on technical background and on the use of specific digital media, software’s and digital tools. It offers a bibliography adapted to each chapter. The Handbook analyses connections with local communities and different publics worldwide when engaging in digital activities with the past, and indicate directions for future research, practices and teaching activities. Its aim is to delimit the field as it is situated between digital humanities, digital history and public history. [less ▲]

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See detailInitialisation of Deep Brain Stimulation Parameters with Multi-objective Optimisation Using Imaging Data
Baniasadi, Mehri UL; Husch, Andreas UL; Proverbio, Daniele UL et al

in Bildverarbeitung für die Medizin 2022 (2022)

Following the deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery, the stimulation parameters are manually tuned to reduce symptoms. This procedure can be timeconsuming, especially with directional leads. We propose an ... [more ▼]

Following the deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery, the stimulation parameters are manually tuned to reduce symptoms. This procedure can be timeconsuming, especially with directional leads. We propose an automated methodology to initialise contact configurations using imaging techniques. The goal is to maximise the electric field on the target while minimising the spillover, and the electric field on regions of avoidance. By superposing pre-computed electric fields, we solve the optimisation problem in less than a minute, much more efficient compared to finite element methods. Our method offers a robust and rapid solution, and it is expected to considerably reduce the time required for manual parameter tuning. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Media: Snapshots in Public History
Armaselu, Florentina UL

in Zaagsma, Gerben; Noiret, Serge; Tebeau, Mark (Eds.) Handbook of Digital Public History (2022)

This chapter provides an overview of how social media foster the application of public history and communication with the public, and what types of institutions, projects, and communities are involved in ... [more ▼]

This chapter provides an overview of how social media foster the application of public history and communication with the public, and what types of institutions, projects, and communities are involved in the process. Without claiming to be exhaustive or referring to a representative selection, the study is based on an exploration of seventy-three public history websites and the methods they use to engage audiences via social media [less ▲]

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See detailCybermemorials: Remembrance and Places of Memory in the Digital Age
Camarda, Sandra UL

in Noiret, Serge; Tebeau, Mark; Zaagsma, Gerben (Eds.) Handbook of Digital Public History (2022)

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See detailLuxembourg-Kirchberg: heading towards the new European city
Hesse, Markus UL

in Briesen, Detlef; Strubelt, Wendelin (Eds.) A New Beginning? Spatial Planning and Research in Europe between 1945 and 1975 (2022)

This chapter explores spatial planning and spatial research in post-World War II Europe from the perspective of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. While spatial planning and, even more so, spatial research ... [more ▼]

This chapter explores spatial planning and spatial research in post-World War II Europe from the perspective of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. While spatial planning and, even more so, spatial research were established in the country only recently, both the Grand Duchy and its capital city have undergone a remarkable trajectory of growth and change over the past decades. Within roughly forty years, a diminutive Luxembourg has almost doubled its population and reached a top position measured by global economic indicators. One of the major sites implicated in this economic success is the Kirchberg Plateau, a 365-hectares area that now hosts the European and banking district and also some components of nationally important infrastructure. Initially agricultural land, it was developed by the central government from the early 1960s. It was mainly designed in the fashion of a modern office town, with high-rises, ‘starchitecture’ and wide boulevards, dedicated to localising employment in future sectors, aimed at compensating for the decline of the country’s once dominant steel industry. Kirchberg provided space for expansion by experimentation, put in place by a state fund through state power and with the ability to expropriate land, offering a blank sheet of territory for development and clearly offering direction and momentum for a new trajectory. This is the known part of Kirchberg. The unknown part is also addressed here: Kirchberg has a pre-1945 history of planning, a dark side related to Nazi occupation and the attempt to “Germanise” Luxembourg’s development and building policies. While initial ideas for development were based on Hubert Ritters Generalbebauungsplan of 1943, and none of these had been implemented, some features laid the ground for the site's development afterwards. And the overall modernist function and layout of the Kirchberg, to become a template post-war European city, still challenge current attempts to further urbanise the site. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital Personal Memories: The Archiving of the Self and Public History
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Noiret, Serge; Zaagsma, Gerben; Tebeau, Mark (Eds.) Handbook of Digital Public History (2022)

By providing a facilitated access to data storage, digital technologies seem to make expression and preservation of the self more straightforward. They reconfigure the means and forms of access to data ... [more ▼]

By providing a facilitated access to data storage, digital technologies seem to make expression and preservation of the self more straightforward. They reconfigure the means and forms of access to data, thus also affecting the relationships and participation of individuals in heritagization and history, and potentially impacting historians. This renews questions that scholars already know well, such as the place of memories in the making of history, and that of self-narratives. Examining how “ordinary voices” can/could archive digital/digitized data and documents, this chapter aims at investigating this increased interest in preserving the self and memories, the heritagization of these data, and finally the role played by user-generated contributions in Digital Public History projects and in historical research in general. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital Public History in the United States
Cauvin, Thomas UL

in Tebeau, Mark; Noiret, Serge; Zaagsma, Gerben (Eds.) Handbook of Digital Public History (2022)

Digital history goes, by definition, beyond national frontiers, but can one decipher national specificities in its practices and projects? This chapter explores the birth, development, and ... [more ▼]

Digital history goes, by definition, beyond national frontiers, but can one decipher national specificities in its practices and projects? This chapter explores the birth, development, and institutionalization of digital public history in the United States. Issued from a strong network of digital history practitioners, the success of digital public history in the United States stemmed from its connection with pre-existing public history academic centers and projects. Through projects like the Valley of the Shadow or, later, the 9/11 Digital Archives, digital historians re-imagined the concept of authority and relations with the public. The Center for History and New Media was created by Roy Rosenzweig in 1994 and rapidly became one of the main actors in the move from digital to digital public history. Finally, the chapter explores the future of digital public history in the United States, its institutionalization as a discipline, and its increased focus on user-generated projects. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral Principles of Procedural Justice
Demkova, Simona UL; Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Ziegler, Katja S.; Jennings, Sir Robert; Neuvonen, Päivi J. (Eds.) et al Research Handbook on General Principles in EU Law: Constructing Legal Orders in Europe (2022)

This chapter addresses general principles of EU law concerning procedural justice. It does so using two sets of procedural rights: first, the right to good administration, and, second, the right to an ... [more ▼]

This chapter addresses general principles of EU law concerning procedural justice. It does so using two sets of procedural rights: first, the right to good administration, and, second, the right to an effective remedy. These procedural rights are central to ensuring the rule of law in the EU legal system and the accountability of the exercise of public functions in the EU. General principles of EU law within this chapter are understood as principles of constitutional character applicable throughout Union policies. In addition, many specific EU policies are governed by principles, which although general in nature, are applicable only to a specific policy sector. The working definition within this chapter is that only the former are general principles of EU law and not the latter, which are merely ‘principles’. This chapter traces the development and role of procedural principles and rights in the EU in very broad strokes. It does so in three steps: the chapter starts by briefly outlining the scope of application of the procedural general principles of EU law to sketch the depth and breadth of rights protected in this context (Section II). It then undertakes a quantitative assessment of references to procedural rights in the case law of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) (Section III). The chapter finally concludes by discussing some possible explanations for the rise of procedural rights in EU law as general principles of procedural justice. We discuss how some of the difficulties arising from the existing situation can be remedied by the introduction of an EU regulation on administrative procedures (Section IV). [less ▲]

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See detailRegeln zur Transparenz von Medieneigentum im Sekundärrecht
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) Transparenz von Medieneigentum (2022)

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See detailSchlussfolgerungen
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) Transparenz von Medieneigentum (IRIS Spezial 2021-2) (2022)

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See detailInitiatives visant à renforcer la transparence des structures de propriété des médias
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) La transparence en matière de propriété des médias (IRIS Special 2-2021) (2022)

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See detailConclusions
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) Transparency of media ownership (IRIS Special 2-2021) (2022)

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See detailConclusions
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) La transparence en matière de propriété des médias (IRIS Special 2-2021) (2022)

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See detailLes règles de transparence en matière de propriété des médias au regard du droit dérivé de l’UE
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) La transparence en matière de propriété des médias (IRIS Special 2-2021) (2022)

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See detailMedia ownership transparency initiatives
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) Transparency of media ownership (IRIS Special 2-2021) (2022)

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See detailSecondary law provisions on media ownership transparency
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) Transparency of media ownership (IRIS Special 2-2021) (2022)

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See detailInitiativen zur Transparenz von Medieneigentum
Cole, Mark David UL

in Capello, Maja (Ed.) Transparenz von Medieneigentum (IRIS Spezial 2021-2) (2022)

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See detailWorkers rights and human rights: toward a new fundamental principle?
Yusifli, Zahra UL; Fenwick, Colin

in Elliott, Kimberly A. (Ed.) Handbook on Globalisation and Labour Standards (2022)

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See detailPhilosophy of Perception & Liberal Naturalism
Raleigh, Thomas UL

in Macarthur, David; De Caro, Mario (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Liberal Naturalism (2022)

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See detailThe Humanities und die Rechtsbindung. Über die (de-)rekonstruktive Macht geisteswissenschaftlicher Diskurse
Becker, Katrin UL

in Mein, Georg; Dembeck, Till; Baumann, Isabell Eva (Eds.) The Ends of Humanities - Volume 1: The Ends of the Humanities. Perspectives from the Humanities and the Social Sciences (2022)

Dieser Artikel unternimmt eine abstrakt-funktionale Bestimmung der Rolle der Humanities mit Blick auf das Recht. Davon ausgehend weist er durch einen Blick auf gegenwärtige Tendenzen in den ... [more ▼]

Dieser Artikel unternimmt eine abstrakt-funktionale Bestimmung der Rolle der Humanities mit Blick auf das Recht. Davon ausgehend weist er durch einen Blick auf gegenwärtige Tendenzen in den kulturtheoretischen Wissenschaften deren de-, re- bzw. konstruierender Einfluss auf die Bindung des Subjekts an das Recht bzw. die Bindung des Rechts an ein Fundament nach, das dieses legitimiert. [less ▲]

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See detailLa protection des données personnelles par le droit européen de la consommation
Poillot, Elise UL

in Combet, Mathieu (Ed.) Le droit européen de la consommation au XXIe siècle (2022)

L'article envisage la façon dont le droit de la protection des consommateurs protège les données personnelles des consommateurs et s'arrête notamment sur les difficultés posées par l'articulation du RGPD ... [more ▼]

L'article envisage la façon dont le droit de la protection des consommateurs protège les données personnelles des consommateurs et s'arrête notamment sur les difficultés posées par l'articulation du RGPD avec les textes de droit de la consommation [less ▲]

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See detailNational Reports: Luxembourg
Prüm, André UL; Lupinu, Pier Mario UL

in Bork, Reinhard; Veder, Michael (Eds.) Harmonisation of Transactions Avoidance Laws (2022)

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See detailTrends and Challenges in Combating Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in the U.S.
Tosza, Stanislaw UL; Kajić, Matija

in Tosza, Stanislaw; Vervaele, John A. E. (Eds.) Combatting Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (2022)

Most of the illicit tobacco trade (ITT) in the USA is caused by high tax rates on cigarettes in many states and localities and the availability of much cheaper cigarettes from low tax states and other low ... [more ▼]

Most of the illicit tobacco trade (ITT) in the USA is caused by high tax rates on cigarettes in many states and localities and the availability of much cheaper cigarettes from low tax states and other low-tax jurisdictions, such as Tribal lands or Internet sales from domestic sellers or international sellers (who can evade all U.S. federal, state, local cigarette taxes). This chapter aims to give an account of how the U.S. deals with this and other problems of illicit tobacco trade, including both its successes and its shortcomings. The chapter gives an account of necessary aspects of regulation, and explains the enforcement side, including policy, applicable law, and agency involvement. Particular attention is paid to central challenges of U.S. efforts to fight the ITT, including prioritisation of ITT in comparison to other criminal activities, data on ITT related criminal activity, track and trace systems, and coordination among responsible agencies and levels of government. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction. The dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: border making and its consequences
Venken, Machteld UL

in Venken, Machteld; Frandsen, Steen Bo (Eds.) Debordering and Rebordering. Central and South-Eastern Europe after the First World War (2022)

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See detailIntroduction
Tosza, Stanislaw UL; Vervaele, John A. E.

in Tosza, Stanislaw; Vervaele, John A. E. (Eds.) Combatting Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (2022)

This chapter provides the introduction to the book. It sets out the context of the topic and explains the research presented in this book, the relevant legal framework and institutional actors as well as ... [more ▼]

This chapter provides the introduction to the book. It sets out the context of the topic and explains the research presented in this book, the relevant legal framework and institutional actors as well as the methodology of the research. The chapter explains the structure of the book and provides brief summaries of each chapter. [less ▲]

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See detailCombatting Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products: Comparative. Analysis of Law and Practice
Tosza, Stanislaw UL

in Tosza, Stanislaw; Vervaele, John A. E. (Eds.) Combatting Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (2022)

Illicit production and trade in tobacco products – be they counterfeited cigarettes of major brands, smuggled into or produced within the EU, or tobacco products produced under new labels (so-called cheap ... [more ▼]

Illicit production and trade in tobacco products – be they counterfeited cigarettes of major brands, smuggled into or produced within the EU, or tobacco products produced under new labels (so-called cheap whites) illicitly introduced to the market – jeopardises the goals of tobacco policies and lowers the revenues of the EU and of the national budget. It also fuels organised crime, providing it with – as will be shown below – relatively easy opportunities for lucrative illegal business. This chapter will analyse and synthesise the outcome of the research in this book. Its aim is to show similarities and differences between national approaches and tendencies in enforcement against the illicit trade in tobacco products (ITTP). Furthermore, its objective is to identify positive aspects of the current enforcement practice as well as shortcomings hampering the fight against this phenomenon, resulting in enforcement gaps. [less ▲]

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See detailClôture de l’amour de Pascal Rambert : une adaptation moderne de Bérénice de Jean Racine ?
Deregnoncourt, Marine UL

in Chantraine-Braillon, Cécile; Dubatti, Jorge (Eds.) Théâtre Mythologique Origines, manifestations et résurgences (2022)

Dans Clôture de l’amour, comment Pascal Rambert se réapproprie-t-il Bérénice de Jean Racine et comment construit-il une rupture unilatérale qui devient une clôture bilatérale ? En d’autres termes, comment ... [more ▼]

Dans Clôture de l’amour, comment Pascal Rambert se réapproprie-t-il Bérénice de Jean Racine et comment construit-il une rupture unilatérale qui devient une clôture bilatérale ? En d’autres termes, comment un « je » solitaire et un « nous » captif se font-ils face et rendent-ils compte d’une rupture / clôture paroxystique ? Telle est la problématique à laquelle notre article sera consacré. Le dispositif dramaturgique mis au jour par l’auteur est novateur. Ce sont deux blocs de mots noirs et vengeurs, entrecoupés de silences, qui sont proposés au public ; ou plus précisément deux monologues qui s’apparentent à un dialogue et à un duo de danse. Dans une salle de répétitions, comparable à une « chambre de torture » et dont les néons produisent des lumières blanches et crues, Stan débute les hostilités face à Audrey qui, mutique dans un premier temps, lui répond par corps avant de riposter, 45 minutes plus tard, par la parole. Audrey Bonnet et Stanislas Nordey, les deux interprètes pour qui Pascal Rambert a rédigé cette pièce de théâtre sont semblables à Bérénice et à Titus et sont deux monstres qui s’affrontent. Leurs corps sont traversés par les mots. Ils éprouvent et épuisent le langage. Par leurs regards et leur voix, ils expriment leur douleur, hurlent leur souffrance et chantent l’amour, la vie et l’art du théâtre. [less ▲]

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See detailL'IA applicata all'analisi dei metadati: un'alternativa alla rottura della crittografia per le autorità di contrasto alla criminalità
Neroni Rezende, Isadora; Chiara, Pier Giorgio UL

in Brighi, Raffaella (Ed.) Nuove Questioni di Informatica Forense (2022)

This paper explores the normative challenges of digital security technologies i.e., end-to-end (E2E) encryption and metadata analysis, in particular in the context of law enforcement activities. Internet ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the normative challenges of digital security technologies i.e., end-to-end (E2E) encryption and metadata analysis, in particular in the context of law enforcement activities. Internet of Things (IoT) devices embedded in smart environments (e.g., smart cities) increasingly rely on E2E encryption in order to safeguard the confidentiality of information and uphold individuals’ fundamental rights, such as privacy and data protection. In November 2020, the Council of the EU published a resolution titled “Encryption – Security through encryption and security despite encryption”. The resolution seeks to ensure the ability of security and criminal justice authorities to access data in a lawful and targeted manner. Nonetheless, in the context of pre-emptive surveillance and criminal investigations, E2E encryption renders the analysis of the content of communications extremely challenging or practically impossible, even when access to data could be lawful. Here, two different layers of complexity seem to emerge. They concern: (i) whether a balance between the values protected by E2E encryption and the aims of law enforcement can be attained; (ii) whether state-of-the-art AI models can preserve the advantages of E2E encryption, allowing for inferences of valuable information from communication traffic, with the aim of detecting possible threats or illicit content. Against this backdrop, we firstly examine whether AI algorithms, such as Machine Learning and Deep Learning, might be part of the solution, especially when it comes to data-driven and statistical methods for applying classification in encrypted communication traffic so as to infer sensitive information about individuals. Secondly, we consider the possible uses of AI tools in the analysis of IoT-generated data in smart cities scenarios, focusing on metadata analysis. We explore whether that AI-based classification of encrypted traffic can circumscribe the scope of law enforcement monitoring operations, in compliance with the European surveillance case-law. Finally, as far as our research focus is concerned, we discuss how the use of AI bears the potential of smoothing traditional trade-offs between security and fundamental rights, allowing for encrypted traffic analysis without breaking encryption. [less ▲]

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See detailDer stumme Chor des Volkes. Populistische Repräsentation im Classical Hollywood
Pause, Johannes UL

in Dembeck, Till; Forhmann, Jürgen (Eds.) Die Rhetorik des Populismus und das Populäre. Körperschaftsbildungen in der Gesellschaft (2022)

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See detailIst individuelle Diagnostik im Schulmonitoring möglich? Neue Methoden versprechen einen diagnostischen Mehrwert der Épreuves Standardisées
Sonnleitner, Philipp UL

in Georges, Carrie; Hoffmann, Danielle; Hornung, Caroline (Eds.) et al LEARN Newsletter - Editioun 2022 (2022)

Das durch den Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR) geförderte Forschungsprojekt FAIR-ITEMS (C19/SC/13650128) am Luxembourg Centre for Educational Testing (LUCET, lucet.uni.lu) Untersucht aktuell ... [more ▼]

Das durch den Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR) geförderte Forschungsprojekt FAIR-ITEMS (C19/SC/13650128) am Luxembourg Centre for Educational Testing (LUCET, lucet.uni.lu) Untersucht aktuell, inwieweit die ÉpStan im Bereich Mathematik zusätzliche diagnostische Informationen über die SchülerInnen liefern könnten. Da die Tests dabei mehr leisten sollen, wird zusätzliche Expertise bei der Erstellung, als auch bei der Auswertung mithilfe neuester psychometrischer Methoden angewandt. [less ▲]

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See detailBig Data and the Future of the Humanities.
Baumann, Isabell Eva UL; Mein, Georg UL

in Baumann, Isabell Eva; Dembeck, Till; Mein, Georg (Eds.) The Ends of Humanities (2022)

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See detailRegionalgeschichte als Nationalgeschichte. Traditionen, Institutionen und Perspektiven in Luxemburg
Pauly, Michel UL

in Hirbodian, Sigrid; Jörg, Christian; Wegner, Tjark (Eds.) Zwischen Region, Nation und Europa. Landesgeschichte in europäischer Perspektive (2022)

Der Beitrag erläutert Entstehung und Entwicklung der landesgeschichtlichen Forschung in Luxemburg seit dem 19. Jahrhundert, präsentiert die entsprechrenden Institutionen bis hin zur Gründung einer ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag erläutert Entstehung und Entwicklung der landesgeschichtlichen Forschung in Luxemburg seit dem 19. Jahrhundert, präsentiert die entsprechrenden Institutionen bis hin zur Gründung einer Universität (2003) und versucht ausländische Einflüsse zu identifizieren sowie Zukunftsperspektiven zu skizzieren. [less ▲]

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See detailWerkzeuge für die energetische Flexibilisierung
Bauer, Dennis; Benedik, Felix; Bianchini, Isabella et al

in Energieflexibilität in der deutschen Industrie: Band 2 - Markt- und Stromsystem, Managementsysteme und Technologien energieflexibler Fabriken (DOI: https://doi.org/10.24406/publica-258) (2022)

Das Kapitel zeigt Möglichkeiten und Anwendungsfälle aus Forschung und Industrie zur energetischen Flexibilisierung von Fabriken anhand der sechsstufigen Methodik nach VDI (2021). Dazu werden für jeden ... [more ▼]

Das Kapitel zeigt Möglichkeiten und Anwendungsfälle aus Forschung und Industrie zur energetischen Flexibilisierung von Fabriken anhand der sechsstufigen Methodik nach VDI (2021). Dazu werden für jeden einzelnen der sechs sequenziell zu durchlaufenden Schritte der Methodik – Potenzialanalyse, Konzeption & Planung, Umsetzung & Implementierung, Operative Energieflexibilitätsvermarktung, Controlling & Monitoring sowie Betriebsoptimierung – entsprechende Werkzeuge vorgestellt. Deren Funktionsweise und Anwendung wird anhand mehrerer Anwendungsfälle aus Forschung und Industrie demonstriert. Es werden Handlungsempfehlungen für die praktische Umsetzung der energetischen Flexibilisierung von Fabriken abgeleitet und ein Bezug der Forschungsergebnisse zur Praxis hergestellt. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Banking Union In The Aftermath Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: An Incentive To Finalise The Project?
Bodellini, Marco UL

in Money Law, Capital, and the Changing Identity of the European Union (2022)

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See detailIntegration der Flexibilitätsvermarktung
Ahrens, Raphael; Köberlein, Jana; Bank, Lukas et al

in Energieflexibilität in der deutschen Industrie: Band 2 - Markt- und Stromsystem, Managementsysteme und Technologien energieflexibler Fabriken (DOI: https://doi.org/10.24406/publica-258) (2022)

Die Energiesynchronisationsplattform adressiert den gesamten Prozess des automatisierten Energieflexibilitätshandels von der Maschine bis zu den Vermarktungsservices. Sie stellt somit das übergeordnete ... [more ▼]

Die Energiesynchronisationsplattform adressiert den gesamten Prozess des automatisierten Energieflexibilitätshandels von der Maschine bis zu den Vermarktungsservices. Sie stellt somit das übergeordnete Gesamtkonzept eines digitalen Ökosystems dar, welches industrielle Nachfrageflexibilität ermöglicht. Die Energiesynchronisationsplattform besteht dabei aus unternehmensindividuellen Unternehmensplattformen und einer zentralen Marktplattform. Der Marktplattform kommt die Rolle der Servicevermittlung zu. Dies ermöglicht es, auf Veränderungen innerhalb der Services bzw. der Marktplattform schnell reagieren zu können. Im vorliegenden Kapitel werden beispielhafte Services der Unternehmens- und Marktplattformen beschrieben. Zudem wird ein Überblick über die Referenzabläufe für den Betrieb und die Vermarktung von Energieflexibilität gegeben. Die Prozesse werden anhand eines möglichen Anwendungsfalls dargestellt. Außerdem wird das weiterentwickelte Energieflexibilitätsdatenmodell vorgestellt und anhand von vier Klassen beschrieben. Zur Bedrohungsanalyse im Kontext der IT-Sicherheit werden Threat Models (Bedrohungsmodelle) angewandt und auf Basis verschiedener Sicherheitslevels vorgestellt. Darüber hinaus werden Rollen- und Rechtedefinitionen beschrieben und Anforderungen an die IT-Sicherheit abgeleitet. Eine Kurzvorstellung entwickelter Demonstratoren schließt das Kapitel ab. [less ▲]

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