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See detailMethodische Herausforderungen zur Untersuchung privatwirtschaftlicher Kinderbetreuung als Organisation und Lernumwelt
Schmitz, Anett UL; Wiltzius, Martine UL

in GÖhlich, Michael (Ed.) Organisation und Methode. Beiträge der Kommission Organisationspädagogik (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (6 UL)
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See detailBelgian Judicial Actors and the Establishment of the Punishment of Collaboration with the Enemy in the East Cantons.
Brüll, Christoph UL; Van Haecke, Lawrence

in Bost, Mélanie; Vrints, Antoon (Eds.) Doing Justice in Wartime. Multiple Interplays between Justice and Population during the two World Wars (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (12 UL)
See detailGleanings from applications for the graph-based exploration of cultural heritage collections
During, Marten UL

in Kerschbaumer, Florian; Keyserlingk, Linda Von; Stark, Martin (Eds.) et al The Power of Networks. Prospects of Historical Network Research (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (9 UL)
See detailSituating difference as a valuable resource in education research
Siry, Christina UL

in Scantlebury, K. (Ed.) Moving science education into the 21st century: A festschrift in honor of Kenneth Tobin (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (7 UL)
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See detailLe comté/duché de Luxembourg et la guerre de Cent Ans
Genot, Gilles UL

in Moeglin, Jean-Marie (Ed.) Dictionnaire Guerre de Cent Ans (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 151 (7 UL)
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See detailVom processual shift zum complexity shift: aktuelle analytische Trends der Grenzforschung
Wille, Christian UL

in Klessmann, Maria; Gerst, Dominik; Krämer, Hannes (Eds.) Handbuch Grenzforschung (in press)

Die Auffassung, dass Grenzen aus sozialer Praxis hervorgehen und soziale Praxis hervorbringen, hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten für eine Reihe an Ansätzen und Begriffen gesorgt. Der Beitrag versucht diese ... [more ▼]

Die Auffassung, dass Grenzen aus sozialer Praxis hervorgehen und soziale Praxis hervorbringen, hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten für eine Reihe an Ansätzen und Begriffen gesorgt. Der Beitrag versucht diese zu systematisieren und stellt einen processual shift, multiplicity shift und complexitiy shift vor. Diese Trends beschreiben verschiedene analytische Schwerpunktsetzungen und eine zunehmend differenziertere Beschäftigung mit Grenzen. Abschließend wird auf die noch unzureichend bestimmte Kategorie der sozialen Praxis und auf das Potential der Praxistheorien für die Grenzforschung eingegangen. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (4 UL)
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See detailAgency, materiality, and relations in intra-action in a kindergarten science investigation
Haus, Jana; Siry, Christina UL

in Milne, Catherine; Scantlebury, Kate (Eds.) Material practice and materiality in science education (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (5 UL)
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See detailEntwicklungslinien der Border Studies und Zugänge zu Geographien der Grenzen
Weber, Florian; Wille, Christian UL; Caesar, Beate et al

in Weber, Florian; Wille, Christian; Caesar, Beate (Eds.) et al Geographien der Grenzen. Räume – Ordnungen – Verflechtungen (in press)

Die Border Studies haben seit den 1990er Jahren einen tiefgreifenden Wandel durchlaufen, der die Beschäftigung mit Grenz(ziehung)en als unhinterfragte Gegebenheiten relativiert hat. Die Neuorientierung ... [more ▼]

Die Border Studies haben seit den 1990er Jahren einen tiefgreifenden Wandel durchlaufen, der die Beschäftigung mit Grenz(ziehung)en als unhinterfragte Gegebenheiten relativiert hat. Die Neuorientierung stützt sich auf konstruktivistische Zugänge und fragt nach den Prozessen der Einsetzung, Relativierung, Verschiebung oder Überwindung von Grenzen. Diesem Verständnis von Grenzen als politische, soziale, kulturelle, mentale Produktionen folgt dieser Sammelband und diskutiert den Zusammenhang von Räumen, Ordnungen und Verflechtungen. Die Herausgeber*innen führen in diesem Beitrag grundlegend in das Themenfeld ein und geben einen Überblick über die Beiträge des Bandes. Die Autor*innen aus den Raum-, Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften wählen unterschiedliche Zugänge zu Grenzen und analysieren ihre (Re-)Produktionsprozesse als ‚Geographien der Grenzen‘. Dabei rücken sie auch andere als nationalstaatliche Grenzen in den Blick, wie zum Beispiel stadtlandhybride Differenzierungen. So wird in diesem Band aus verschiedenen theoretischen und thematischen Blickwinkeln der Frage nachgegangen, wie und welche ,Geographien der Grenzen‘ sich im Zusammenspiel von unterschiedlichen Destabilisierungen und (Re-)Stabilisierungen von Grenzen (re)konstruieren lassen. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL)
See detailUsing cross-border mobility in vocational education and training in the Greater Region SaarLorLux region
Nienaber, Birte UL; Dörrenbächer, H. Peter; Funk, Ines et al

in Cairns, David (Ed.) The Palgrave Handbook of Youth Mobility (in press)

High unemployment rates on one side of a border and training opportunities on the other, the lack of training programmes for specialised jobs on the one side of the border and well defined vocational ... [more ▼]

High unemployment rates on one side of a border and training opportunities on the other, the lack of training programmes for specialised jobs on the one side of the border and well defined vocational programmes on the other side: cross-border vocational education and training (VET) is an increasingly used tool to accommodate the differing needs inside the European Union in recent years. This paper will present, explain and analyse the diverse approaches and concepts of tailor-made as well as more standardized cross-border VET programmes in the Greater Region SaarLorLux (DE, FR, LUX, BE) and explain the different mobility types (from short-time exchange programmes, to internships as well as a formalised division of mobility between days of apprenticeship in one country and days of practical training in another country). This cross-border region is the largest transboundary commuting area and therefore the largest transboundary labour market in the EU. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (9 UL)
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See detailZwischen Konformität und Handlungsmacht: Ein Blick auf die Verarbeitungspraxis von Qualitätsvorgaben in der Offenen Kinder- und Jugendarbeit
Biewers, Sandra UL

in Deinet, Ulrich; Sturzenhecker, Benedikt (Eds.) Handbuch Offene Kinder- und Jugendarbeit (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 UL)
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See detailLuxemburg postkolonial? Zur Leistung einer postkolonialen Perspektive im Horizont der Interkulturalitätsforschung
Osthues, Julian UL

in Wiegmann, Eva (Ed.) Interkulturelles Labor. Luxemburg im Spannungsfeld von Integration und Diversifikation (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (5 UL)
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See detailMemory in old age – A life-span perspective
Ferring, Dieter UL

in Wagoner, Brady (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Culture and Memory (in press)

In this chapter, memory is considered from a life-span perspective combining a geropsychological as well as a life-span developmental view. Characteristics of such a view are This chapter focusses memory ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, memory is considered from a life-span perspective combining a geropsychological as well as a life-span developmental view. Characteristics of such a view are This chapter focusses memory under the perspective of human ageing. It starts with a conception of ageing that highlights the interplay of genetics, life styles and culture as fundamental dynamics underlying the ageing process as well as it’s impact on memory functioning. A second section focuses the context of ontogenesis and describes central concepts of memory structure and functioning in a life span perspective underlining the adaptive function of memory use. Building on this, a third section elaborates the dynamic interplay and the role of memory in the self-regulation of the ageing self. The last section puts memory in the context of two aspects of culture differing between assistive culture providing knowledge and technology resources and culture as representing symbolic resources that help in the collective and individual construction of meaning. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (17 UL)
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See detailThe Fundamental Right to Data Protection of Blockchain Users seen through the Applicability of the GDPR
Jolly, Loren UL

in Borges, Georg; Sorge, Christoph (Eds.) IT Law and Legal Informatics (in press)

The aim of this chapter is to highlight the different issues that one faces when trying to ensure the fundamental right to data protection of blockchain users. The provisions of the General Data ... [more ▼]

The aim of this chapter is to highlight the different issues that one faces when trying to ensure the fundamental right to data protection of blockchain users. The provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation are used as an example of the difficulties. Here, two principal issues are addressed: issues regarding the addressees of the General Data Protection Regulation's provisions and issues regarding the qualification and treatment of data available on permissionless and permissioned blockchains. Finally, this article highlights the consequences that these uncertainties may have on the protection of users’ fundamental rights and the necessity to ensure legal certainty through additional guidance from the European legislator or upcoming case-law. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (3 UL)
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See detail'Doing Familienähnlichkeit' in der Kindertagespflege
Bollig, Sabine UL

in Nentwig-Gesemann, Iris; Fröhlich-Gildhoff, Klaus; Betz, Tanja (Eds.) et al Forschung in der Frühpädagogik, Bd 9, Institutionalisierung früher Kindheit und Organisationsentwicklung (in press)

In the course of the extending field of public daycare for children under the age of 3 the impact of family day care (professional childminding) has considerably increased. But, despite its recent ... [more ▼]

In the course of the extending field of public daycare for children under the age of 3 the impact of family day care (professional childminding) has considerably increased. But, despite its recent professionalization and diversification its ‘family-likeness’ still counts as its main character. Mostly used as a root category for a bundle of structural characteristics it, however, remains a still open question what this ‘family-likeness’ mean in an actor-related perspective. This contribution starts, therefore, with the assumption that the family-likeness of childminding is an everyday practical accomplishment which gets accentuated and enacted in different ways of the diverse actor groups within young children’s care and education arrangements (parents, professionals, and children). In recourse to two case studies taken from the Luxembourgian CHILD-study it is showed how this multi-positional ‘doing family-likeness’ is embedded within the socio-genesis and everyday accomplishment of children’s care and education arrangements, resulting in definable different forms of this ‘doing family-likness’ across the case studies. With that, the article introduces a multi-dimensional analytical perspective towards the institutionalization of diverse ‘family day care-childhoods’, and thereby, also point on the contributions of young children to childminding as a family-like day care which are often overlooked in current research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 231 (10 UL)
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See detailThe Unblinking Eye: Labour Sciences and the Mechanical Registration of the Human Body
Herman, Frederik; Priem, Karin UL

in Smeyers, Paul; Depaepe, Marc (Eds.) (Re)Presentation, Dissemination and Reception: Purposes, Processes and Practices of Educational Research (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
See detailRevision des kulturellen Gedächtnisses im Spannungsfeld multipler Nah- und Fernfremde
Wiegmann, Eva UL

in Cepl-Kaufmann, Gertrude; Grande, Jasmin; Borzyszkowska, Miłosława (Eds.) et al Gedächtnistopographien im Grenzraum. Pomorze und Rheinland als trilaterale Kulturräume - Exemplarisch und im Vergleich. (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (4 UL)
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See detailFrontières et identités spatiales dans / de la Grande Région SaarLorLux. Approches analytiques et résultats empiriques
Wille, Christian UL

in Hamez, Grégory (Ed.) Réalités, perceptions et représentations des frontières de l'Union Européenne (in press)

Cette contribution a pour objet d'analyser l'importance des frontières nationales pour les identités spatiales dans des régions transfrontalières. À cet effet, elle élaborera un modèle d'analyse ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution a pour objet d'analyser l'importance des frontières nationales pour les identités spatiales dans des régions transfrontalières. À cet effet, elle élaborera un modèle d'analyse pluridimensionnel permettant d'étudier les identités et, à l'exemple de la Grande Région SaarLorLux, posera la question de savoir comment les habitants se représentent l'espace et organisent leurs pratiques de vie quotidienne sur le plan spatial. Par ailleurs, l'analyse révèlera des projections spatiales dans le discours politique et montrera dans quelle mesure celles-ci constituent une base de processus identitaires. La contribution démontre que, malgré des imbrications transfrontalières, les frontières nationales jouent un rôle important dans les processus de projection et d'appropriation identitaires des habitants de la Grande Région SaarLorLux, mais pas nécessairement en tant que catégories rigides. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnography: A Much-Advocated but Under-Used Qualitative Methodology in Published Accounts of Family Business Research
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Adiguna, Rocky UL

in de Massis, Alfredo; kammerlander, Nadine (Eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods for Family Business (in press)

In parallel with the growing interest in qualitative research methods in family business, many family business scholars advocate greater use of ethnographic methods to advance the field further. This ... [more ▼]

In parallel with the growing interest in qualitative research methods in family business, many family business scholars advocate greater use of ethnographic methods to advance the field further. This endorsement rests at least on two arguments. On the one hand, there is a need to widen, extend, or deepen our perspectives to better understand the ‘boundary crossing’ nature of families in business. On the other hand, the majority of the proposals to extend ethnographic research aim to tap into important but still under-explored complex tacit processes of family firms. However, we found that ethnographic research in family business settings remain scarcely published. This chapter reviews a set of family business studies that have used ethnographic methods, and which have been published in business and management journals in order to examine their orientations, main findings, techniques adopted, and epistemological/ontological stances. Looking forward, we end this chapter with a brief discussion on how the practice of ethnography is changing with reference to visual and virtual applications of ethnographic principles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 UL)
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See detailDas Projekt ESERO Luxembourg: Konsequenzen für die Lehrerprofessionalisierung zum Thema Bildung für Nachhaltige Entwicklung
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL; Conrotte, Frederic; Trap, Guillaume et al

in Luxembourg Centre for Educational Testing (LUCET), Universität Luxemburg; Service de Coordination de la Recherche et de l’Innovation pédagogiques et technologiques (SCRIPT) (Eds.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2020 (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
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See detailBildung für Nachhaltige Entwicklung in luxemburgischen Lehrwerken: Ergebnisse der TAPSE-Studie
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in Luxembourg Centre for Educational Testing (LUCET), Universität Luxemburg; Service de Coordination de la Recherche et de l’Innovation pédagogiques et technologiques (SCRIPT) (Eds.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2020 (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (4 UL)
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See detail§§ 134a bis 135 AktG zu den Pflichten institutioneller Anleger, Vermögensverwalter, Depotbanken und Stimmrechtberater bei der Stimmrechtsausübung
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas; Noack, Ulrich (Eds.) Kölner Kommentar zum Aktiengesetz (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)
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See detailThe use of humor in intimate intercultural relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Nadine, Thomas

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

Current humor research tends to accentuate the positive and neglect the negative. Often, the healing power is in the center of humor research; however, less is reported about the negative effects humor ... [more ▼]

Current humor research tends to accentuate the positive and neglect the negative. Often, the healing power is in the center of humor research; however, less is reported about the negative effects humor can have if not used adequately. In particular, less is known about the appropriate and in-appropriate use of humor in an intercultural context. The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to bridge this lack in humor research by trying to identify the fine line between appropriate and in-appropriate humor. If humor is used appropriately, it can have a huge power to bridge cultural divides. Thus, this thesis aimed as well to investigate the use of humor as a coping strategy in intimate intercultural couples. Thirdly, additional functions of humor shall be explored. Semi-structured, focused interviews were conducted with two intimate intercultural couples. Participants were of Irish, Luxembourgish, German and French-Canadian nationality. Interview data was then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results revealed that the appropriate use of humor depends on personal, linguistic, and cultural factors. Overall, self-deprecating humor seems to be the safest type of humor, whereas sarcasm can be experienced as hurtful even if not intended to be. Ethnic humor can have positive effects, too, if it is directed versus the own culture and not versus foreign cultures. Moreover, results revealed that humor mainly serves two functions in intimate intercultural relationships: the one of bonding and the one of coping. Humor as a coping strategy can be used internally, hence related to relationship issues, as well as externally, thus related to external stressors. One can conclude that the function of bonding and coping cannot be clearly distinguished. Consequently, it proves that humor can be a useful tool in bridging intercultural and interpersonal divides. Limitations of the study clearly lie in its sample size, which does not allow to draw any generalizations. In the future, similar studies with a larger sample size as well as with non-Western cultures would be interesting to investigate in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailChild-rearing practices in intercultural marriages
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Natasha, Sousa Almeida

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of culture on child-rearing practices in intercultural marriage. Four participants, respectively two intercultural couples with at least one child ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of culture on child-rearing practices in intercultural marriage. Four participants, respectively two intercultural couples with at least one child in common participated in this study. One couple consisted of a Hungarian woman and Luxembourgish man. The other couple consisted of a Portuguese woman and her husband is Macedonian. Qualitative research methods were used for this study, more specifically semi-structured interviews. These were audio-taped and transcribed afterwards. Grounded theory was used for the analysis of this study. There were no significant results. Cultural influence in child-rearing practices in intercultural marriages could not be fully shown. There is a minimal positive influence but concerning languages In addition, it could not be fully confirmed that parents who come from countries who are considered to be more individualistic value autonomy in their children and parents who come from countries considered to be more collectivistic value more relatedness and conformity. More research is needed in order to obtain significant results. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentity of women in intercultural intimate relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Natalie, Buendgen

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

Due to the increasing fluctuation between countries and the ongoing emergence of intercultural intimate relationships, the purpose of our study was to investigate how cultural transition affects the ... [more ▼]

Due to the increasing fluctuation between countries and the ongoing emergence of intercultural intimate relationships, the purpose of our study was to investigate how cultural transition affects the identity of women, who migrated out of love to settle permanently with their culturally diverse partner in Germany. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. The sample consists of five women originally from Ireland, Peru, Poland and the United States, who all married a German and have lived in Germany between 8 and 50 years. The results show that cultural transition can affect identity in both positive and negative ways, which supports the perception of bicultural identity being at once both a blessing and a burden. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (4 UL)
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See detailFuture planning of intercultural couples: A case study of a couple migrating to New Zealand
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; David, Flechsig

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

There has not yet been any research done on future planning in international and intercultural couples. The purpose of this case study is to give a first insight into the process of future planning in ... [more ▼]

There has not yet been any research done on future planning in international and intercultural couples. The purpose of this case study is to give a first insight into the process of future planning in intercultural couples. A qualitative case study with two participants, one from New Zealand and one from Belgium who are immigrating to New Zealand. One interview with each participant was held before the couple moved to New Zealand for three months and one more interview with each participant after they returned. Results are plentiful. A clear sign that different cultural backgrounds influence future planning seems to exist. Further the couple reported multiple projects and events in which decision making, goal hierarchy and future planning existed. Not all results have been analysed and are available for further use.This case study offers a first insight into future planning of international and intercultural couples. The next step would be to try to support the findings with quantitative data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (3 UL)
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See detailLove in intercultural relationships: Affection, commitment, romantic beliefs and conflicts
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Mathes, Magali

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing ... [more ▼]

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing love and affection and on other factors like commitment and romantic beliefs in intercultural romantic relationships, and the conflicts that might occur due to the cultural and linguistic differences in intercultural romantic relationships. Two intercultural couples participated in this study. They were interviewed using a semi-structured approach and were recorded. These were transcribed and coded with the coding scheme based on the Grounded Theory. The findings suggest that culture and language have a quite significant influence on expressing love and affection in intercultural romantic relationships. Furthermore, cultural and linguistic differences can have an influence on becoming committed to another person. The expression of romantic beliefs can also be influenced by the different cultural backgrounds. Cultural and linguistic differences can predict conflicts in intercultural romantic relationships. In this study, barriers in communication, differences in religion and different perspectives on concepts such as homosexuality are at the core of these conflicts. [less ▲]

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See detailInterculturality in intimate relationships: Conflicts and conflict regulation
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Dasch, Hannah Katharina

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

It is commonly known that experiencing conflict can have negative impact on an individuals’ physical and mental health. Especially in intimate relationships, conflict has great influence on the well-being ... [more ▼]

It is commonly known that experiencing conflict can have negative impact on an individuals’ physical and mental health. Especially in intimate relationships, conflict has great influence on the well-being of both partners. Since intercultural intimate relationships are associated with both exceptional obstacles and benefits, conflict behavior in those relationships is of substantial interest in this research project. The aim of this study is to investigate how conflicts in intimate relationships are affected by the partners’ cultural backgrounds and linguistic barriers. It further seeks to unravel how conflict resolution is approached in order to provide a broader knowledge base in this field. For the purpose of this research, four semi-structured interviews with two couples were conducted individually. Each couple was interviewed by a different researcher. Ensuing, the interviews were transcribed and afterwards the data was analyzed implementing qualitative content analyses. The results provide insight into different levels of relationship functioning, sources of conflict as well as conflict resolution. Therefore, the findings of this study may have important implications for clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy-efficient deployment in wireless edge caching
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Wireless Edge Caching: Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization (2020)

In this chapter, we investigate the performance of edge-caching wireless networks by taking into account the caching capability when designing the signal transmission. We consider hierarchical caching ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we investigate the performance of edge-caching wireless networks by taking into account the caching capability when designing the signal transmission. We consider hierarchical caching systems in which the contents can be prefetched at both user terminals or the base station and investigate the energy performance under two notable uncoded and coded caching strategies. The backhaul and access throughputs are derived for both caching policies for arbitrary values of base station and user cache sizes from which closed-form expressions for the corresponding system energy efficiency (EE) are obtained. Furthermore, we propose two optimization problems to maximize the system EE and minimize the content delivery time subject to some given quality of service requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly Language Education in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Seele, Claudia

in Schwartz, Mila (Ed.) International Handbook of early childhood education (2020)

This chapter examines recent language education laws in Luxembourg as well as the ways in which early years practitioners appropriated the new policies and put them into practice. The chapter begins with ... [more ▼]

This chapter examines recent language education laws in Luxembourg as well as the ways in which early years practitioners appropriated the new policies and put them into practice. The chapter begins with a brief introduction of the linguistic landscape in Luxembourg and a summary of the dynamic development of the country’s early childhood education system. Special emphasis is put on recent changes in language education policies, which call for a more inclusive and multilingual early language education. Monolingual practices now need to open up to flexible language use and offer children opportunities to capitalize on their entire semiotic repertoire for communicating, meaning-making, and learning. The central concerns of this chapter are the ways in which policy changes influence educational practices in formal and non-formal settings and how professional development shapes this process. In order to address these questions, the authors review literature on language education policy, translanguaging and professional development and examine studies on early language education in Luxembourg. Next, they discuss recent initiatives of professional development in formal and non-formal early years settings as well as their outcomes. Finally, they present critical issues such as the practitioners’ reflexivity and responsibility and the sustainability of professional development. Future research directions include family language policies, partnerships between families and early childhood institutions and children’s languaging practices inside and across these institutions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (5 UL)
See detailLa protection des droits fondamentaux au Luxembourg : Le rôle des institutions nationales des droits de l'homme et de la société civile
Baglayan, Basak UL

in Gerkrath, Jörg (Ed.) La défense des droits et libertés au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (2020)

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See detailComparative analysis of physical education and school sport development and research in Europe
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailResearch on Physical Education and School sport in Europe - Introduction
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailHistorical roots and strands of physical education and school sport development in Europe
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailReconstructing the Treaty Network – the EU law perspective (EU report IFA Congress 2020)
Haslehner, Werner UL; García Prats, Alfredo; Heydt, Volker et al

in Duff, David; Gutmann, Daniel (Eds.) Cahiers de droit fiscal international 2020: Reconstructing the treaty network (2020)

European Union law overlaps and interacts with both the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS) and its implementation and the member states’ tax treaties between them and with third ... [more ▼]

European Union law overlaps and interacts with both the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS) and its implementation and the member states’ tax treaties between them and with third countries, and there is also an area where all three fields meet. This intersection of EU law, BEPS and member states’ (mostly) bilateral tax treaties is the subject of this report. [less ▲]

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See detailThe General Scope of the ATAD and its Position in the EU Legal Order
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Kofler, Georg (Eds.) et al A Practical Guide to the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (2020)

This chapter analyses the scope of the anti-tax avoidance directive (ATAD) as implemented in 2020 and its positioning within the EU legal order, in particular vis-à-vis primary EU law, national tax rules ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses the scope of the anti-tax avoidance directive (ATAD) as implemented in 2020 and its positioning within the EU legal order, in particular vis-à-vis primary EU law, national tax rules, and bilateral tax agreements. It examines the interpretation of the provisions of the ATAD and their compatibility with higher ranking norms, such as the fundamental freedoms, State aid rules, and fundamental rights. [less ▲]

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See detailRäumliche Transformationen: Prozess, Ziel, Leitbild?
Hesse, Markus UL

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, räumliche Transformation in die Debatte um raum- und planungsbezogene Leitbilder einzuordnen. Ausgangspunkt ist die sehr heterogene und im Zeit-ablauf wechselhafte ... [more ▼]

Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, räumliche Transformation in die Debatte um raum- und planungsbezogene Leitbilder einzuordnen. Ausgangspunkt ist die sehr heterogene und im Zeit-ablauf wechselhafte, gelegentlich opportunistische Praxis der Formulierung planungsbezo-gener Paradigmen und Leitbilder. Sie folgt zwar spezifischen Problemwahrnehmungen, ist aber auch abhängig von temporären Moden, Konjunkturen und Konstrukten. Die erkenntnis-leitende Frage ist, inwieweit Transformation Leitbildcharakter hat, und wenn ja, worin sich dies äußert: in analytischer, normativer und prozeduraler Hinsicht. Ist das Leitbild allgemein (generell) oder spezifisch ausgerichtet – was ist seine konkrete Zielformulierung? Oder ist Transformation primär als prozedurale Richtschnur zu verstehen, als Metapher zur kollektiven Mobilisierung von Wandel, dessen Inhalte im Schatten partizipativer Prozesse stehen? Der Charme von Transformation liegt womöglich darin, dass dieser Begriff eine an-gemessen differenzierte Vorstellung von evolutionären gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen bietet. Ob es zum Konzept reicht, um intendierten Wandel auf robuste Weise anzuleiten – oder ob sein Mehrwert schlicht darin liegt, Realität zu „verzaubern“ (Tom Sieverts) – wird im Beitrag diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future Food Chain: Digitization as an Enabler of Society 5.0
Keogh, John G.; Dube, Laurette; Rejeb, Abderahman et al

in Building the Future of Food Safety Technology, 1st Edition, Blockchain and Beyond (2020)

Food systems and food supply chains (FSCs) have undergone significant changes in their operations and structure over the last decade as globalization expands both food choice and availability. As FSCs ... [more ▼]

Food systems and food supply chains (FSCs) have undergone significant changes in their operations and structure over the last decade as globalization expands both food choice and availability. As FSCs lengthen, and food passes through extended trading relationships, transparency on food origins, methods of cultivation, harvest, processing as well as labor conditions and sustainability is reduced, along with food trust. Moreover, while the rapid pace of technology innovation benefits FSCs, we are witness to the usage of social media platforms by citizen-consumers to amplify the rhetoric related to recurring incidents and crises in food quality, food safety, food fraud, food security, sustainability, and other ethical lapses. Furthermore, we are witness to new evidence on the global burden of foodborne diseases, including non-communicable diseases that range from severe malnutrition to morbid obesity and from severe illnesses requiring hospitalization to mortality. The World Health Organization claims that thirty-one foodborne hazards cause six-hundred million illnesses and four-hundred and twenty thousand deaths annually. Overcoming these challenges requires a holistic reframing of our food systems and societal challenges. The emergence of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provides an overarching framework for collaboration and alignment. Japan has put forward a vision for a human-centric, technology-enabled future branded as "Society 5.0". Increasingly, the redesign of FSCs necessitates a concerted, multi-stakeholder effort and the development of digitization strategies in order to cope with the evolution toward the vision of Society 5.0 and to achieve the UN SDGs. [less ▲]

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See detailBlockchain and GS1 Standards in the Food Chain: A Review of the Possibilities and Challenges
Keogh, John G.; Rejeb, Abderahman; Khan, Nida UL et al

in Building the Future of Food Safety Technology, 1st Edition, Blockchain and Beyond (2020)

The globalization of food systems has engendered significant changes to the operation and structure of food supply chains (FSCs). Alongside increasing consumer demands for safe and sustainable food ... [more ▼]

The globalization of food systems has engendered significant changes to the operation and structure of food supply chains (FSCs). Alongside increasing consumer demands for safe and sustainable food products, FSCs are challenged with issues related to information transparency and consumer trust. Uncertainty in matters of transparency and trust arises from the growing information asymmetry between food producers and food consumers. In particular: how and where food is cultivated, harvested, processed, and under what conditions. FSCs are tasked with guaranteeing the highest standards in food quality and food safety-ensuring the use of safe and authentic ingredients, limiting product perishability, and mitigating the risk of opportunism such as quality cheating or falsification of information. A sustainable, food-secure world will require multidirectional sharing of information and enhanced information symmetry between food producers and food consumers. The need for information symmetry will drive transformational changes in FSCs methods of practice and will require a coherent standardized framework of best practice recommendations to manage logistic units in the food chain A standardized framework will enhance food traceability, drive FSC efficiencies, enable data interoperability, improve data governance practices, and set supply chain identification standards for products and assets (what), exchange parties (who), locations (where), business processes (why) and sequence (when). FSCs began to adopt industry-driven supply chain standards in 1974 when the first barcode was scanned at a point-of-sale at Marsh's Supermarket in Troy, Ohio. However, the adoption of standards alone will not adequately address the challenges created by the information asymmetry between food producers and food consumers. Therefore, this paper examines the integration of GS1 standards with the functional components of Blockchain technology as an approach to realize a coherent standardized framework of industry-based tools for successful FSC transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Fickers, Andreas; Balbi, Gabriele (Eds.) History of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (2020)

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative ... [more ▼]

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy (CCITT, now known as ITU- T) in the debates concerning transport protocols that arose from the 1970s. At the CCITT, telecommunications’ representatives decided in favour of virtual circuits, which enjoyed a long lifespan. Nevertheless, this choice diverged from the one made by the Arpanet’s researchers, and later the Internet’s community. Faced by the success of Internet and a new model of technical decisions and governance arising within the Internet community, which was openly divergent from the standardization previously at work, the ITU generated strong criticism at the end of the 1990s and at the beginning of the 2000s when it tried to enter the Internet field. The ITU then sought to restore its techno-diplomatic role through multi-stakeholderism, of which the World Summit on the Information Society (2003 and 2005) marked a crucial step. By crossing organizational archives, CCITT and ITU reports, oral history, press materials and web archives, this chapter will show how the ITU dealt with the transition from a well-recognized and salient techno-diplomatic role - partly due to the telecommunications’ monopolies- to a more peripheral position during the deregulation and the growth of the Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailZur Wachstumsfixiertheit der Europäischen Union. Ein Diskussionsbeitrag
Schulz, Christian UL

in Schulz, Christian; Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailPostwachstum finanzieren? Grüne Finanzprodukte für veränderte Produktionslogiken
Dörry, Sabine; Schulz, Christian UL

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailPostwachstumsgeographien. Konzeptionelle und thematische Eckpunkte der Anthologie
Schulz, Christian UL; Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina et al

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailMediennutzung in den Zeiten von Pandemie und Lockdown
Melzer, André UL; Holl, Elisabeth UL; Hale, Miriam-Linnea UL

in Benoy, Charles (Ed.) COVID-19 - Ein Virus nimmt Einfluss auf unsere Psyche. Einschätzungen und Maßnahmen aus psychologischer Perspektive (2020)

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See detailΕυρωπαϊκά Διαρθρωτικά Ταμεία και κρατικές ενισχύσεις
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Christianos, Vasileios; Rodopoulos, Michail (Eds.) Δίκαιο Κρατικών Ενισχύσεων (2020)

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See detailLes exceptions à la règle de l’Etat de droit: déroger aux droits fondamentaux en période de crise?Cahiers Jean Monnet, Actes des ateliers doctoraux « L’état de droit », Centre d'Excellence Europe Capitole
Mavrouli, Roila UL

in Cahiers Jean Monnet, Actes des ateliers doctoraux « L’état de droit », Centre d'Excellence Europe Capitole (2020)

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See detailEffective Implementation of the ATAD: Information Collection, Exchange and Monitoring through DAC 6
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Kofler, Georg (Eds.) et al A Guide to the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (2020)

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See detailLuxembourg - Recent and Pending CJEU Cases: Fiscal Unity, Taxpayers' fundamental rights and the FIAT case
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Lang, Michael; Pistone, Pasquale; Rust, Alexander (Eds.) et al CJEU: Recent Developments in Direct Taxation 2019 (2020)

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See detailTax Procedures in Luxembourg
Chaouche, Fatima; Haslehner, Werner UL

in Tax Procedures (2020)

This contribution provides an overview of Luxembourg tax procedures and answers a number of questions regarding the administrative law principles governing the collection of taxation, audit, and appeals ... [more ▼]

This contribution provides an overview of Luxembourg tax procedures and answers a number of questions regarding the administrative law principles governing the collection of taxation, audit, and appeals procedures. It was prepared as a contribution to the 2019 Annual Congress of the European Association of Tax Law Professors, which was devoted to tax procedures. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rapport Werner en suspens. Les débats autour de l'Union économique et monétaire en 1973
Danescu, Elena UL

in Wilkens, Andreas (Ed.) Une année particulière: 1973 et les tourments de l'Europe (2020)

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See detailΤο Επιλεκτικό Πλεονέκτημα
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL; Rodopoulos, Michail

in Christianos, Vasileios; Rodopoulos, Michail (Eds.) Δίκαιο Κρατικών Ενισχύσεων (2020)

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See detailThe Apple State Aid Case
Haslehner, Werner UL; Ancora, Antonio UL

in Lang, Michael; Pistone, Pasquale; Rust, Alexander (Eds.) et al CJEU - Recent Developments in Direct Taxation 2019 (2020)

The Apple Case raises a number of questions concerning the application of State aid review to the taxation of multinational entities. The case’s prominence stems primarily from the taxpayer’s brand ... [more ▼]

The Apple Case raises a number of questions concerning the application of State aid review to the taxation of multinational entities. The case’s prominence stems primarily from the taxpayer’s brand recognition and the amount of taxes at stake; the legal questions raised, however, are interesting in their own right: the case differs in several respects from the previously decided Fiat and Starbucks cases, leaving the outcome quite open. First, while it has been held by the General Court in those previous cases that the arm’s length principle can be used as a yardstick to assess transfer prices accepted by a Member State’s administration, it is not inevitable that this implies the similar applicability of the AOA to branches of non-resident companies. Second, the application of the AOA appears only to be leading to a decisive win for the Commission if the Court agrees that the US head offices do not exercise important functions related to Apple’s IP. As the Commission both accepted the claim that the subsidiaries’ effective management and control was exercised there and did not challenge the CSA (and – by implication – accepted the reality of ownership of IP by those subsidiaries), this may turn out to be difficult to prove. A third doubt arises from the apparent acceptance by the Commission that the aid granted by Ireland could be reduced to the extent that other countries would make valid claims to tax the same profits that the Commission considers attributable to the Irish branches, especially in light of the fact that it appears the entirety of the relevant profits can be included in US taxation following the reforms introduced with the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act with respect to global intangible low-taxed income. That being said, the Commission is surely on stronger ground in claiming that the Irish tax system as applied in practice may have left too much discretion to tax authorities in any given case. It will be interesting to see how much weight the Court will give to the paucity of available documentation from the time of the tax rulings, and how it will consider the transfer-pricing reports produced ex post facto to justify the outcome when the Commission investigated them. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne
Danescu, Elena UL; da Silva, Joana UL; Backes, Yuriko et al

in Danescu, Elena; da Silva, Joana; Europe Direct Information Centre de l'Université du Luxembourg, (Eds.) et al De la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne (2020)

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent ... [more ▼]

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent, ainsi que des liens de Robert Schuman avec le Luxembourg et du rôle du Grand-Duché dans la construction européenne. Une section distincte est consacrée à la Maison de Robert Schuman située à Clausen sur laquelle l'Université du Luxembourg veille depuis 2016, le Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH). Une chronologie retrace les étapes-clé du proessus de la construction européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailAssyria in Early Modern Historiography
Sarha, Jennifer UL

in Grogan, Jane (Ed.) Beyond Greece and Rome: Reading the Ancient <near East in Early Modern Europe (2020)

This article provides a starting point for the understudied pre-nineteenth-century reception of Assyria. In early modern Europe, knowledge about ancient Assyria was mainly derived from a small pool of ... [more ▼]

This article provides a starting point for the understudied pre-nineteenth-century reception of Assyria. In early modern Europe, knowledge about ancient Assyria was mainly derived from a small pool of classical authors; an entirely textual tradition, centred around the figures of Semiramis and Sardanapalus, which was transmitted through strict repetition in late medieval and early modern history writing. The narrow scope and repetitive nature of this tradition raise questions for historiography – what kind of historical knowledge can be produced from such limited sources? And, crucially, what notions about Assyria can emerge here? By examining the treatment of Semiramis and Sardanapalus in three geographically and chronologically diverse case-studies (Giovanni Boccaccio, Johannes Carion and Philip Melanchthon, and Walter Ralegh), this article sheds light on the negotiations between received practices and historiographical trends, the influence of moral imperatives and gendered logic, and establishes the longevity and pan-European spread of the historiographical tradition on Assyria. [less ▲]

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See detailScrivere per ricordare
Portante, Claudio UL

in Cicotti, Claudio; Portante, Jean; Radicati, Stella (Eds.) Diamo forma alla vita (2020)

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See detailTax Treaty Arbitration in Luxembourg
Chaouche, Fatima UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Lang, Michael; Owens, Jeffrey; Pistone, Pasquale (Eds.) et al Tax Treaty Arbitration (2020)

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of ... [more ▼]

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of which only 12 provide for arbitration clauses. In contrast, while the Arbitration procedure is also available, it is barely used in practice as the MAP procedure proves to be the most common form of resolution of tax treaty dispute resolutions in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Difficult Construction of European Banking Union: Introduction
Howarth, David UL; Schild, Joachim

in Howarth, David; Schild, Joachim (Eds.) The Difficult Construction of European Banking Union (2020)

Banking Union represents one of the most important developments in European integration since the launch of Monetary Union. Furthermore, the design of the Banking Union agreed between 2012 and 2014 was a ... [more ▼]

Banking Union represents one of the most important developments in European integration since the launch of Monetary Union. Furthermore, the design of the Banking Union agreed between 2012 and 2014 was a messy compromise among European Union (EU) member states. It is not surprising then that Banking Union has sparked a lively academic debate and triggered an ever-growing number of publications from different disciplinary backgrounds. This edited volume is located at the intersection of two major waves of academic research on Banking Union. The first wave of academic work focuses upon the economic rationale underpinning the supranationalisation of control over banking—regulation, supervision, support and resolution—and the political dynamics and legal issues that shaped the design of the Banking Union agreed. This literature focuses upon Banking Union’s foundational phase between 2012 and 2014 when the major texts enshrining Banking Union in law were negotiated and adopted. The second stage of academic research analyses the functioning of the different elements of Banking Union. New research questions have been triggered by the—albeit limited—empirical evidence on the operation of the supranational supervision and resolution of banks. Contributions to this second wave of Banking Union-related research attempt to identify potentially dangerous lacunae and contribute to on-going reform debates. This edited volume brings together the work of sixteen scholars focused on the political, legal and economic debates surrounding the construction and operation of Banking Union, and its necessary reform. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Pädagogisierung des Konsums. Zur Warenhaus- und Konsumkritik von rechts und links.
Lenz, Thomas UL

in De Vincenti, Andrea; Grube, Norbert; Hofmann, Michèle (Eds.) et al Pädagogisierung des "guten Lebens". Bildungshistorische Perspektiven auf Ambitionen und Dynamiken im 20. Jahrhundert. (2020)

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See detailEffective professional development and sustainability of multilingual approaches
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Duarte, Joana; Palviainen, Åsa

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalising on multilingualism in European mainstream education (2020)

Policies and professional development which focusses on pedagogical skills, beliefs, and agency are essential to ensure the sustainability of multilingual teaching approaches. This chapter begins with an ... [more ▼]

Policies and professional development which focusses on pedagogical skills, beliefs, and agency are essential to ensure the sustainability of multilingual teaching approaches. This chapter begins with an overview of research studies on language policies, teacher agency and beliefs with a focus on multilingual settings. The intertwining of policy and teaching practice is then illustrated by means of the Finnish case, demonstrating how recent ECEC policies advocating diversity and plurilingualism have gradually changed teacher beliefs. The second part of the chapter focuses on professional development (PD) in so far as it is able to support teachers in implementing policies, changing pedagogical practices, and amending beliefs. This section presents different pathways for professional learning and explores the effectiveness of various models of professional development. These observations are taken up in two empirical studies on teachers’ professional development within multilingual preschool classes in Luxembourg and primary schools in the Netherlands. The interview and observation data provided in the two contexts point to the centrality of teacher beliefs and agency in moving towards multilingual practices and sustainable change. Furthermore, it unveils the ways in which teachers’ beliefs, knowledge, and practices change over time, and how effective PD programmes can support teachers in interpreting policies and developing new practices. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction: multilingual approaches to teaching and learning
Duarte, Joana; Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalising on multilingualism in European mainstream education (2020)

In the wake of the increasing societal diversity in Europe, it is imperative that teachers reflect on their teaching approaches and adjust them to cater for the growing number of multilingual pupils. This ... [more ▼]

In the wake of the increasing societal diversity in Europe, it is imperative that teachers reflect on their teaching approaches and adjust them to cater for the growing number of multilingual pupils. This introductory chapter outlines the monolingual mindset and language hierarchies that still exist in European education systems, and explains these are a result of the nation-forming movements of the nineteenth century. Next, four types of language instruction are presented: foreign language instruction; second language pedagogy; bilingual/monoglossic instruction; and plurilingual/heteroglossic instruction. The chapter continues with different types of multilingual approaches in mainstream educational settings that capitalise on multilingualism for teaching and learning, among them intercomprehension and translanguaging. Having explained these, the chapter explores the importance of partnerships with parents, professional development, and language policies because these actors and factors contribute to the effectiveness and sustainability of the approaches. The chapter concludes with a presentation of the structure of this volume as well as of the individual chapters. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging practices in early childhood education in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalizing on multilingualism in European mainstream education. (2020)

Calls for multilingual pedagogies have reached early childhood education and some programmes have been implemented in Europe. However, their focus frequently remains on the majority language and home ... [more ▼]

Calls for multilingual pedagogies have reached early childhood education and some programmes have been implemented in Europe. However, their focus frequently remains on the majority language and home languages are given little space. For multilingual programmes to be inclusive and empowering, professionals need to break with monolingual practices based on monolingual ideologies. The resource-oriented pedagogy of translanguaging which challenges hegemonic practices, is one way in which professionals can give space to all languages, leverage children’s resources and contribute to their development. The present chapter presents the findings of a professional development on multilingual pedagogies in Luxembourg. Data stem from observations, video-recorded activities and interviews with four practitioners, two working in a formal education setting and two in a non-formal one. The findings show that the practitioners developed a positive stance towards translanguaging and multilingual education, learned to design a child-centred and holistic multilingual learning environment and used languages flexibly, deploying translation, code-switching and translanguaging. This dynamic language use facilitated communication, participation, language learning and well-being. There were differences between the practitioners’ flexible language use. The professionals in the school did not use pair talk, made less use of code-switching and used languages more strategically and responsibly than the caregivers in the crèche. [less ▲]

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See detailConclusion and future research
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine (Ed.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalising on multilingualism in European mainstream education (2020)

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See detailVon Pong zur Panik? Videospiele als gesellschaftlich relevantes Forschungsthema
Melzer, André UL

in Amann, Wilhelm; Sieburg, Heinz (Eds.) Spiel-Räume. Das "Spiel" in Diskursen der Kultur und Wissenschaften (2020)

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See detailTerminologisch gesichert, musikalisch gerechtfertigt? Das „Sinfonische“ und das „Philharmonische“ im Blasmusikwesen
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Sagrillo, Damien (Ed.) Kongressbericht Wadgassen, Deutschland 2018 (2020)

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See detailAkademische Profile von Schüler*innen zur Bestimmung der Akkuratheit von Schulübergangsempfehlungen – eine Validierungsstudie
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Hörstermann, Thomas UL

in Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah (Eds.) Stereotype in der Schule (2020)

In verschiedenen europäischen Ländern führt der Wechsel zur Sekundarschule zu einer bedeutsamen Aufgliederung der Bildungswege, welche ein unterschiedlich hohes Schulleistungsniveau der Schüler*innen ... [more ▼]

In verschiedenen europäischen Ländern führt der Wechsel zur Sekundarschule zu einer bedeutsamen Aufgliederung der Bildungswege, welche ein unterschiedlich hohes Schulleistungsniveau der Schüler*innen voraussetzen. Die Akkuratheit der Zuweisung von Sekundarschulformen bestimmt nicht nur die Optionen der Schüler*innen bei späteren Übergangen im Bildungssystem, sondern beeinflusst auch den weiteren beruflichen und persönlichen Werdegang der Schüler*innen. Schüler*innen mit Migrationshintergrund sind auf die höheren sekundären Schulformen unterrepräsentiert. Inwiefern diese Unterrepräsentation auf stereotypgeprägte Leistungserwartungen zurückzuführen ist, ist bis jetzt unklar, denn es lisgt kein Kriterium vor, um die Urteilsakkuratheit adäquat zu messen. In diesem Kapitel wird ein Ansatz beschrieben, ein solches Akkuratheitskriterium zu entwickeln und zu validieren. In einem zweiten Schritt wird das Kriterium angewendet, um den Zusammenhang zwischen stereotypgeprägten Erwartungen und der Akkuratheit der Übergangsentscheidungen zu untersuchen. Das Kriterium erweist sich als valides Maß und könnte so einen wertvollen Ansatz für weitere Untersuchungen der Akkuratheit von Lehrerurteilen darstellen. Obwohl Lehrer*innen im Allgemeinen eine hohe Urteilsakkuratheit aufweisen, bestätigen die Befunde dennoch die Zusammenhänge zwischen stereotypgeprägten Erwartungen und Urteilsverzerrungen. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Einstellungen von Lehrpersonen gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten und Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf: Ein Forschungsüberblick
Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah; Krischler, Mireille UL et al

in Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah (Eds.) Stereotype in der Schule (2020)

In diesem Artikel wird ein Forschungsüberblick über Einstellungen sowohl gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten als auch gegenüber Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf sowie ... [more ▼]

In diesem Artikel wird ein Forschungsüberblick über Einstellungen sowohl gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten als auch gegenüber Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf sowie gegenüber Inklusion gegeben. Lehrkrafteinstellungen gelten als wichtiger Faktor einerseits bezüglich einer erfolgreichen Inklusion von Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf, andererseits aber auch, wenn es um ethnische Ungleichheiten geht. Aus diesem Grund sind gerade Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten interessant, da diese häufig als sogenannte „Bildungsverlierer“ gelten. Der Überblick geht dabei sowohl auf implizite als auch auf explizite Einstellungen von Lehrkräften und Lehramtsstudierenden ein und führt die Relevanz moderierender Variablen, wie die Berufserfahrung oder den Kontakt, auf. Darüber hinaus wird auf die Relation zwischen Einstellungen und Verhalten eingegangen. Es zeigt sich, dass für Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten sowie für Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf die impliziten Einstellungen negativ und die expliziten positiv sind. Darüber hinaus zeigt sich, dass die Einstellungen nicht stabil sind, sondern je nach zusätzlicher moderierender Variable variieren. Insbesondere bei den Einstellungen gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten lässt sich ein Zusammenhang zwischen Einstellungen und Verhalten von Lehrkräften finden. Die bisherige Forschung wird hinsichtlich möglicher zukünftiger Forschung und praktischer Implikationen diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailStereotypen hinsichtlich Schülern mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf: Lehrerüberzeugen, -erwartungen und –gefühle
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Krischler, Mireille UL

in Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah (Eds.) Stereotype in der Schule (2020)

Dieses Kapitel geht der Frage nach, ob Lehrer*innenüberzeugungen und -erwartungen je nach sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf variieren. Außerdem wurde deren Einfluss sowohl auf die Gefühle bei ... [more ▼]

Dieses Kapitel geht der Frage nach, ob Lehrer*innenüberzeugungen und -erwartungen je nach sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf variieren. Außerdem wurde deren Einfluss sowohl auf die Gefühle bei Auseinandersetzung mit der Inklusion von unterschiedlichen Schüler*innen als auch auf die persönliche Bereitschaft, Inklusion umzusetzen, untersucht. Die Studien basieren einerseits auf dem Kontinuum-Modell der Eindrucksbildung und betrachten andererseits das Stereotype-Content-Modell, nach dem Wärme und Kompetenz über 80 % der Unterschiedlichkeit in der Personenwahrnehmung erklären. Die Ergebnisse zeigten, dass Überzeugungen und Erwartungen von der Art des Förderbedarfs beeinflusst werden. Positivere Überzeugungen bezüglich der Schüler*innenmerkmale (Wärme und Kompetenz) und höhere Leistungserwartungen waren hierbei mit positiveren Gefühlen und einer stärker ausgeprägten persönlichen Bereitschaft, die Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf zu inkludieren, verbunden. Abschließend werden die daraus resultierenden Konsequenzen für die Lehreraus- und weiterbildung abgeleitet und diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailAsca Rampini im Kulturellen und sozialen Kontext
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Sagrillo, Damien (Ed.) Asca Rampini (1931-1999). Ein "Italiener" in Luxemburg. Dirigent und Komponist (2020)

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See detailCognitive Factors associated to Gaming Disorders
Billieux, Joël; Potenza, Marc; Maurage, Pierre et al

in Verdejo-Garcia, Antonio (Ed.) Cognition and addiction: A Researcher’s Guide From Mechanisms Towards Interventions (2020)

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See detailWie Zeki zu Göhte kommt : Eine Lehrerkonstruktion der besonderen Art
Arend, Béatrice UL

in Rauh, Bernhard; Weber, Jean-Marie (Eds.) Lehrkräftebildung mit Fack ju Göhte : Junge Lehrerinnen und Lehrer zwischen Adoleszenz und Verantwortung (2020)

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See detailBeicht, Nicolas
Duhr, Marlène UL; Anders, Ursula UL; Reuter, Caroline

in Luxemburger Musiklexikon Online (2020)

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See detailThe economic impact of cross-border work on the municipalities of residence: an example at the French–Luxembourgish border
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

in Wille, Christian; Nienaber, Birte (Eds.) Border Experiences in Europe. Everyday Life – Working Life – Communication – Languages (2020)

This chapter seeks to investigate whether the proximity of a border can be seen as an engine of regional development, or a disruptive element. The impacts of cross-border activity on demographic evolution ... [more ▼]

This chapter seeks to investigate whether the proximity of a border can be seen as an engine of regional development, or a disruptive element. The impacts of cross-border activity on demographic evolution but also on unemployment or economic activity at the French–Luxembourgish border will be identified. Quantitative data from the municipal level (French census for 2014) will be used, with a special focus on the French border municipality of Longwy (formerly one of the main steel-producing areas in France). [less ▲]

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See detailTransfer pricing rules and State aid law
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Panayi, Christiana HJI; Haslehner, Werner; Traversa, Edoardo (Eds.) Research Handbook European Union Taxation Law (2020)

This contribution addresses the interaction of State aid law with transfer pricing rules. A number of high-profile investigations into transfer pricing arrangements approved by Member States’ authorities ... [more ▼]

This contribution addresses the interaction of State aid law with transfer pricing rules. A number of high-profile investigations into transfer pricing arrangements approved by Member States’ authorities, including for companies like Amazon, Apple, and Starbucks has sparked fierce debate over the existence of an EU principle of “arm’s length” taxation and its possible content. The chapter examines this debate and issues pertaining to the relationship between State aid law and double taxation treaties, justifications on the basis of providing double tax relief or protection from tax avoidance, and the scope of administrative discretion that State aid law needs to accord in a highly technical area of national law such as transfer pricing. [less ▲]

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See detailSoft law, effectiveness of fundamental rights and migration: how effective are migrants’ fundamental rights in an era of European governance
Mavrouli, Roila UL

in Current Challenges in Migration Policy and Law, Edited by Emília Lana de Freitas Castro and Sergio Maia Tavares, Published in London, England, ISBN: 978-1-910781-77-7 (2020)

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See detailThe Werner report and the financial crisis during the 1970s
Danescu, Elena UL; Tedeschi, Paolo

in Leboutte, René; Tedeschi, Paolo (Eds.) Euro changes: European Responses to Economics and Social Changes. From de 1970s to the new Millennium. (2020)

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See detailLe dépositaire d'OPC
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Le risque pénal du banquier (2020)

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See detailThe ATAD and the CCTB
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Bizioli, Gianluigi; Grandinetti, Mario; Parada, Leopoldo (Eds.) et al Corporate Taxation, Group Debt Funding and Base Erosion - New Perspectives on the EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (2020)

This short chapter analyses the relationship between the interest limitation rules laid down in the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD) and the Proposed Directive on a Common Corporate Tax Base (CCTB ... [more ▼]

This short chapter analyses the relationship between the interest limitation rules laid down in the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD) and the Proposed Directive on a Common Corporate Tax Base (CCTB). Both are substantially congruent with very few differences in their content. Nevertheless, there are several aspects of the relationship between the two directives that raise fundamental questions as to their respective impacts on national law. Accordingly, this contribution aims to highlight, first, the general relationship between European Union (EU) directives, second, the specific relationship between the ATAD and the CCTB – if and when it is adopted – and, third, comments on the few variations in their respective provisions on interest limitation. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat's in an Icon? Promises and Pitfalls of Data Protection Iconography
Rossi, Arianna UL; Palmirani, Monica

in Leenes, Ronald; Hallinan, Dara; Gutwirth, Serge (Eds.) et al Data Protection and Privacy: Data Protection and Democracy (2020)

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), transparency of information becomes an obligation aimed at creating an ecosystem where data subjects understand and control what happens to their ... [more ▼]

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), transparency of information becomes an obligation aimed at creating an ecosystem where data subjects understand and control what happens to their personal data. The definition of transparency stresses its user-centric nature, while design considerations to comply with this obligation assume central importance. This article focuses on the icons established by the GDPR Art. 12.7 to offer “a meaningful overview of the intended processing”. Existing attempts to represent data protection through icons have not met widespread adoption and reasons about the strengths and weaknesses of their creation and evaluation are here discussed. Building on this analysis, we present an empirical research proposing a new icon set that responds to GDPR requirements. The article also discusses the challenges of creating and evaluating such icon set and provides some future directions of research for effective an effective implementation and standardization. [less ▲]

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See detailIslamic Banking and Economic Growth
Kchouri, Bilal; Lehnert, Thorsten UL

in Rafay, Abdul (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Theory and Practice of Global Islamic Finance (2020)

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See detailEuropäisches Kapitalmarktrecht: Marktmissbrauchsrecht (§ 14)
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Enzyklopädie des Europarechts, Band 6 „Europäisches Privat- und Unternehmensrecht“ (2020)

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See detailLe contentieux économique au 21ème siècle
Menetrey, Séverine UL

in Le droit économique au 21 ème siècle (2020)

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See detailDas Phänomen Fack ju Göhte. Lust und Arbeiten am Exzessiven
Weber, Jean-Marie UL; Rauh, Bernhard

in Weber, Jean-Marie; Rauh, Bernhard (Eds.) Lehrkräftebildungmit Fack ju Göhte. Junge Lehrerinnen zwischen Adoleszenz und Verantwortung (2020)

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See detailChapter 16 - Cognitive factors associated with gaming disorder
Billieux, Joël UL; Potenza, Marc N.; Maurage, Pierre et al

in Verdejo-Garcia, Antonio (Ed.) Cognition and Addiction (2020)

There is substantial clinical and public health evidence that video gaming, particularly online gaming, can become excessive and lead to psychological distress and functional impairment. This has led to ... [more ▼]

There is substantial clinical and public health evidence that video gaming, particularly online gaming, can become excessive and lead to psychological distress and functional impairment. This has led to the inclusion of gaming disorder as an official mental condition in the International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition (ICD-11; World Health Organization, 2019). Psychological models recognize the importance of cognitive factors to explain the initiation, development, and maintenance of problematic gaming behaviors. This chapter will summarize some of the known cognitive factors associated with problem gaming and gaming disorder. These cognitions will be divided into two broad categories: (1) cognitive deficits (e.g., impaired executive functioning, hazardous decision-making, or deliberative processes) and (2) cognitive biases (e.g., attentional biases, cognitive distortions, dysfunctional cognitions). This chapter will review and synthesize available research findings and highlight their clinical implications for gaming disorder. The limitations of the research base are considered and some potential avenues for future research are proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropäisches Kapitalmarktrecht: Unternehmenskapitalmarktrecht (§ 15)
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Enzyklopädie des Europarechts, Band 6 „Europäisches Privat- und Unternehmensrecht“ (2020)

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See detailNew Institutionalism in Higher Education
Meyer, Heinz-Dieter; Powell, Justin J W UL

in David, Miriam E.; Amey, Marilyn J. (Eds.) SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education (2020)

countries. It views educational institutions as a key producer of social cohesion by supplying the shared beliefs that generate shared cultural meanings. To most institutionalists, education (schools ... [more ▼]

countries. It views educational institutions as a key producer of social cohesion by supplying the shared beliefs that generate shared cultural meanings. To most institutionalists, education (schools, colleges, universities, but also home schooling, religious, and informal education) stands out as one of only a handful of key social institutions next to the family, the economy, religion, science, and government. Higher education takes its place in this nexus of institutions, as it globally expands in size and grows in strategic importance. [less ▲]

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See detailUmgang mit Ärger und Aggressionen bei sozialer Isolation in Pandemiezeiten
Steffgen, Georges UL; de Boer, Claudia

in Benoy, Charles (Ed.) COVID-19 Ein Virus nimmt Einfluss auf unsere Psyche (2020)

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See detailThe Future of Data-Driven Finance and RegTech: Lessons from EU Big Bang II
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner, Douglas; Buckley, Ross et al

in Stanford J. of Law and Policy (2020)

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See detailEuropäisches Kapitalmarktrecht: Intermediärsrecht (§ 13)
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Preiner, Christina

in Enzyklopädie des Europarechts, Band 6 „Europäisches Privat- und Unternehmensrecht“ (2020)

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See detailGrammatische Strukturen im mehrsprachigen Kontext sichtbar und begreifbar machen: Vorstellung des grammatikdidaktischen Materials Bausteng Grammatik – Bausteine Grammatik
Weth, Constanze UL

in Langlotz, Miriam (Ed.) Grammatikdidaktik – theoretische und empirische Zugänge zu sprachlicher Heterogenität (2020)

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See detailDie Hauptversammlung der Aktiengesellschaft in Zeiten der Corona-Krise
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Noack

in Der Betrieb 2020 (2020)

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See detailAsset Managers und Asset Owners unter Kapitel Ib der Aktionärsrechte-Richtlinie II
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Die Aktiengesellschaft 2020 (2020)

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See detailDie virtuelle Hauptversammlung nach dem COVID-19 Pandemie-Gesetz 2020
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Noack

in Die Aktiengesellschaft 2020 (2020)

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See detailNotar und Virtuelle Hauptversammlung
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Hauschild, Armin

in Die Aktiengesellschaft 2020 (2020)

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See detailAnh. zu § 119 des Aktiengesetzes zur „Versammlungsleitung bei Hauptversammlungen“
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Kölner Kommentar zum Aktiengesetz (2020)

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See detailIllyrer und Dakerrezeption in Albanien und Rumänien. Mythenbildung und faktische Probleme.
Mersch, Sam UL

in Maner, Hans-Christian; Zelepos, Ioannis (Eds.) Antike und Byzanz als historisches Erbe in Südosteuropa (19.-21. Jahrhundert). (2020)

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See detailIm Irrealen kann viel Reales stecken. Wie ein Schulabbrecher zum Lehrer wird
Weber, Jean-Marie UL

in Weber, Jean-Marie; Rauh, Bernhard (Eds.) Lehrkräftebildungmit Fack ju Göhte. Junge Lehrerinnen zwischen Adoleszenz und Verantwortung (2020)

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See detailAktionärsidentifikation nach §§ 179 ff. BörseG
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Aktuelle Entwicklungen im Unternehmensrecht und die AktionärsrechteRL II (2020)

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