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See detailDu grand débat à la grande débacle
Kies, Raphaël UL

in forum (2019), 393

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See detailIntroduction - Recent Changes in EU Economic Governance: Methodological and Institutional Dynamics
Chang, Michele; Sacher, Martin UL; Tkalec, Igor UL

in Journal of Contemporary European Research (2019), 15(2), 134-142

A decade after the outbreak of the Euro crisis, enough time has passed to assess its impact on EU economic governance. This Special Issue aims to identify the institutional dynamics that have occurred ... [more ▼]

A decade after the outbreak of the Euro crisis, enough time has passed to assess its impact on EU economic governance. This Special Issue aims to identify the institutional dynamics that have occurred since the crisis by using methodological approaches that reflect the rising complexity of decisionmaking under Economic and Monetary Union. The ambition of the contributing authors is to provide new theoretical insights and empirical findings and thereby to contribute to our understanding of the long-term ramifications of the Euro crisis for EU economic governance. This Special Issue addresses two broad research areas: power relations, institutional dynamics and decision-making practices, and the processes, efficacy and effectiveness of fiscal and economic policy coordination in the reformed setting of economic governance. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Giant has woken up: the European Union’s Plans for the Future of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Kafteranis, Dimitrios UL

in Irish Journal for European Law (2018), 21

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See detailConference report on the 45th German liquid crystal conference
Honaker, Lawrence William UL

in Liquid Crystals Today (2018), 27(3), 77-79

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See detailTax and the Digital Economy – Bericht zur Konferenz vom 20.4.2018, Universität Luxemburg
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Internationale Steuer-Rundschau : Zeitschrift für Internationales Steuerrecht (2018), 7(6), 225-226

The ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation of the University of Luxembourg invited renowned tax experts to discuss “Tax and the Digital Economy” on 20 April 2018; one month after the OECD ... [more ▼]

The ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation of the University of Luxembourg invited renowned tax experts to discuss “Tax and the Digital Economy” on 20 April 2018; one month after the OECD published its 2018 interim report on BEPS Action 1 and the EU Commission its proposals on significant digital presence and a digital services tax. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Mein, Georg UL; Schiewer, Gesine Lenore et al

in ZiG (2018), 9(1),

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See detailSubjective remaining lifetime and concreteness of the future as differential predictors of preparation for age-related changes
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Voss, Peggy; Rothermund, Klaus

in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGEING (2018), 15(1), 67-76

Demographic changes have been linked to the expectation of cuts in government-provided social security services, emphasizing individual responsibility to prepare for old age and concomitant challenges and ... [more ▼]

Demographic changes have been linked to the expectation of cuts in government-provided social security services, emphasizing individual responsibility to prepare for old age and concomitant challenges and changes. Accordingly, the identification of psychological variables predicting preparation is a matter of theoretical as well as practical importance. We thus consider different aspects of a person's future time as theoretically prominent psychological predictors of preparation. The subjectively perceived quantity of remaining lifetime, the concreteness of future time, and preparation for life domains indicative of an active third age as well as of a more dependent fourth age were assessed in a longitudinal study in a core sample of N = 593 participants (30-80 years old at T (1)) at two measurement occasions 4 years apart. The quantity of subjective remaining lifetime predicted subsequent changes in preparation, but this effect was restricted to preparation for the fourth age. In contrast, a more open and concrete outlook on ones' personal future predicted changes in preparation for an active third age. Our findings highlight the importance of distinguishing between different aspects of future time-its quantity versus its relation to goals and action plans-when predicting specific facets of developmental self-regulation. [less ▲]

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See detailStill comparing apples with oranges? Some thoughts on the principles and practices of measurement invariance testing
Greiff, Samuel UL; Scherer, R.

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2018), 34

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See detailTrends and transitions
Vögele, Claus UL

in European Journal of Health Psychology (2018), 25(1), 1

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See detailDirect evidence for cycloidal modulations in the thermal-fluctuation-stabilized spin spiral and skyrmion states of GaV4S8
White, J. S.; Butykai, A.; Cubitt, R. et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW B (2018), 97(2),

We report small-angle neutron scattering studies of the lacunar spinelGaV4S8,which reveal the long-wavelength magnetic phases to be cycloidally modulated. Upon cooling, these modulated phases, including a ... [more ▼]

We report small-angle neutron scattering studies of the lacunar spinelGaV4S8,which reveal the long-wavelength magnetic phases to be cycloidally modulated. Upon cooling, these modulated phases, including a recently proposed Néel-type skyrmion phase, transform into a simple ferromagnetic state. These results indicate the modulated phases in GaV4S8 gain their stability from thermal fluctuations, while at lower temperatures the ferromagnetic state emerges in accord with the strong easy-axis magnetic anisotropy. Crucially, our study provides microscopic evidence that the skyrmions in GaV4S8 indeed display a Néel-type helicity. More generally, our approach can be applied to evidence the helicity of any bulk skyrmion phase. [less ▲]

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See detailRelating Magnetic Properties and High Hyperthermia Performance of Iron Oxide Nanoflowers
Bender, Philipp Florian UL; Fock, Jeppe; Frandsen, Cathrine et al

in JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C (2018), 122(5), 3068-3077

We investigated, in depth, the interrelations among structure, magnetic properties, relaxation dynamics and magnetic hyperthermia performance of magnetic nanoflowers. The nanoflowers are about 39 nm in ... [more ▼]

We investigated, in depth, the interrelations among structure, magnetic properties, relaxation dynamics and magnetic hyperthermia performance of magnetic nanoflowers. The nanoflowers are about 39 nm in size, and consist of densely packed iron oxide cores. They display a remanent magnetization, which we explain by the exchange coupling between the cores, but we observe indications for internal spin disorder. By polarized small-angle neutron scattering, we unambiguously confirm that, on average, the nanoflowers are preferentially magnetized along one direction. The extracted discrete relaxation time distribution of the colloidally dispersed particles indicates the presence of three distinct relaxation contributions. We can explain the two slower processes by Brownian and classical Néel relaxation, respectively. The additionally observed very fast relaxation contributions are attributed by us to the relaxation of disordered spins within the nanoflowers. Finally, we show that the intrinsic loss power (ILP, magnetic hyperthermia performance) of the nanoflowers measured in colloidal dispersion at high frequency is comparatively large and independent of the viscosity of the surrounding medium. This concurs with our assumption that the observed relaxation in the high frequency range is primarily a result of internal spin relaxation, and possibly connected to the disordered spins within the individual nanoflowers. [less ▲]

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See detailNoncollinear magnetism in nanosized cobalt chromite
Zakutna, D.; Vlcek, J.; Fitl, P. et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW B (2018), 98(6), 064407

Using a combination of neutron diffraction with XYZ polarization analysis and magnetization measurements, the noncollinear magnetism in nanosized cobalt chromite, a potential multiferroic material, is ... [more ▼]

Using a combination of neutron diffraction with XYZ polarization analysis and magnetization measurements, the noncollinear magnetism in nanosized cobalt chromite, a potential multiferroic material, is revealed. For noninteracting 26.9(1) nm nanoparticles, a bulklike behavior is identified, including a ferrimagnetic Curie temperature of 99 K and a transition to the spin spiral magnetic phase at 27 K with a temperature-dependent, incommensurate propagation vector. A lock-in transition towards a commensurate propagation vector is not observed. Much smaller, 3.1(2) nm, nanoparticles reveal a strong cluster glass behavior, characterized by ferrimagnetic behavior below the Curie temperature of 43 K and a transition to asperomagnetic behavior at 18 K, with the absence of any magnetic reflections at a base temperature of 5 K. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiple-q noncollinear magnetism in an itinerant hexagonal magnet
Takagi, R.; White, J. S.; Hayami, S. et al

in SCIENCE ADVANCES (2018), 4(11),

rticle Figures & Data Info & Metrics eLetters PDF Abstract Multiple-q spin order, i.e., a spin texture characterized by a multiple number of coexisting magnetic modulation vectors q, has recently ... [more ▼]

rticle Figures & Data Info & Metrics eLetters PDF Abstract Multiple-q spin order, i.e., a spin texture characterized by a multiple number of coexisting magnetic modulation vectors q, has recently attracted attention as a source of nontrivial magnetic topology and associated emergent phenomena. One typical example is the triple-q skyrmion lattice state stabilized by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in noncentrosymmetric magnets, while the emergence of various multiple-q states of different origins is expected according to the latest theories. Here, we investigated the magnetic structure of the itinerant polar hexagonal magnet Y3Co8Sn4, in which several distinctive mechanisms favoring multiple-q states are allowed to become active. Small-angle neutron-scattering experiments suggest the formation of incommensurate triple-q magnetic order with an in-plane vortex-like spin texture, which can be most consistently explained in terms of the novel four-spin interaction mechanism inherent to itinerant magnets. The present results suggest a new route to realizing exotic multiple-q orders and that itinerant hexagonal magnets, including the R3M8Sn4 family with wide chemical tunability, can be a unique material platform to explore their rich phase diagrams. [less ▲]

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See detailTransparent-to-dark photo- and electrochromic gels
Gonzalez, Laura; Liu, Chung; Dietrich, Bart et al

in COMMUNICATIONS CHEMISTRY (2018), 1

Smart windows in which the transmittance can be controlled on demand are a promising solution for the reduction of energy use in buildings. Windows are often the most energy inefficient part of a building ... [more ▼]

Smart windows in which the transmittance can be controlled on demand are a promising solution for the reduction of energy use in buildings. Windows are often the most energy inefficient part of a building, and so controlling the transmittance has the potential to significantly improve heating costs. Whilst numerous approaches exist, many suitable materials are costly to manufacture and process and so new materials could have a significant impact. Here we describe a gel-based device which is both photo- and electrochromic. The gel matrix is formed by the self-assembly of a naphthalene diimide. The radical anion of the naphthalene diimide can be formed photo or electrochemically, and leads to a desirable transition from transparent to black. The speed of response, low potential needed to generate the radical anion, cyclability of the system, temperature stability and low cost mean these devices may be suitable for applications in smart windows. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Amann, Wilhelm UL; Dembeck, Till UL; Heimböckel, Dieter UL et al

in ZiG (2018), 9(2),

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See detailSound Body, Sound Mind? The Interrelation Between Health Change and Personality Change in Old Age
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Hagemeyer, Birk; Neyer, Franz J. et al

in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY (2018), 32(1), 30-45

Personality development is characterized by increasing maturation, that is, people become more conscientious, agreeable and emotionally stable as they age. In late life, however, these trends seem to be ... [more ▼]

Personality development is characterized by increasing maturation, that is, people become more conscientious, agreeable and emotionally stable as they age. In late life, however, these trends seem to be reversed. Because many changes and transitions in older age are related to health, we investigated correlated changes in health problems and personality traits, the sources of health changes in later life and the directionality of effects. Our sample consisted of older adult twins, aged 64-85years at time 1 (n=410; 135 male/275 female; 134 monozygotic/63 dizygotic twin pairs), assessed at two different time points about five years apart, and we ran bivariate latent change and latent change twin model analyses. Increasing health problems were associated with decreases in agreeableness, extraversion, emotional stability and conscientiousness. Changes in health problems were only due to environmental influences, implying that the association between health and personality changes was exclusively environmental. Directional effects were largely absent, but health and personality were significantly related at the second measurement occasion (age 69-89years). Our results support the link between health change and personality change in late life and spark the assumption of normative personality adaptations to deterioration of health status as a means of developmental regulation. Copyright (c) 2017 European Association of Personality Psychology [less ▲]

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See detailTagungsbericht: 71. International Fiscal Association Kongress 2017
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Internationale Steuer-Rundschau : Zeitschrift für Internationales Steuerrecht (2017), 6(12), 453-460

The 71st International Fiscal Association (IFA) Congress took place from 27 August to 1 September 2017 in Rio de Janeiro. The two main subjects of the congress were dedicated to the status quo of the base ... [more ▼]

The 71st International Fiscal Association (IFA) Congress took place from 27 August to 1 September 2017 in Rio de Janeiro. The two main subjects of the congress were dedicated to the status quo of the base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) project and the future of transfer pricing. In addition, further seminars covered ten other topics. [less ▲]

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See detailA Hardware/Software Stack for Heterogeneous Systems
Castrillon, Jeronimo; Lieber, Matthias; Klueppelholz, Sascha et al

in IEEE Transactions on Multi-Scale Computing Systems (2017), PP(99), 1

Plenty of novel emerging technologies are being proposed and evaluated today, mostly at the device and circuit levels. It is unclear what the impact of different new technologies at the system level will ... [more ▼]

Plenty of novel emerging technologies are being proposed and evaluated today, mostly at the device and circuit levels. It is unclear what the impact of different new technologies at the system level will be. What is clear, however, is that new technologies will make their way into systems and will increase the already high complexity of heterogeneous parallel computing platforms, making it ever so difficult to program them. This paper discusses a programming stack for heterogeneous systems that combines and adapts well-understood principles from different areas, including capability-based operating systems, adaptive application runtimes, dataflow programming models, and model checking. We argue why we think that these principles built into the stack and the interfaces among the layers will also be applicable to future systems that integrate heterogeneous technologies. The programming stack is evaluated on a tiled heterogeneous multicore. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnological addictions: Conceptualisation, measurement, etiology and treatment.
Kuss, Daria J.; Billieux, Joël UL

in Addictive behaviors (2017), 64

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See detailKommunikation im Fokus der Elementarpädagogik
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2017), 25(5), 97

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Mein, Georg UL; Schiewer, Gesine Lenore et al

in ZiG (2017), 8(1),

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Mein, Georg UL; Schiewer, Gesine Lenore et al

in ZiG (2017), 8(2),

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See detailHow do views on aging affect health outcomes in adulthood and late life? Explanations for an established connection
Wurm, Susanne; Diehl, Manfred; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL et al

in DEVELOPMENTAL REVIEW (2017), 46

Personal views on aging, such as age stereotypes and subjective aging, can affect various health outcomes in later life. For the past 20 years or so, a large body of experimental and longitudinal work has ... [more ▼]

Personal views on aging, such as age stereotypes and subjective aging, can affect various health outcomes in later life. For the past 20 years or so, a large body of experimental and longitudinal work has provided ample evidence for this connection. Thus, it seems timely to better understand the pathways of this linkage. The majority of existing studies has either focused on age stereotypes or subjective aging. This theoretical paper provides a systematic comparison of major theoretical approaches that offer explanations through which different views on aging may affect health. After a short review of findings on the short- and long-term effects of different views on aging, we describe theoretical approaches that provide explanations of underlying mechanisms for the effect of both uni- and multidimensional views on aging on health outcomes. We compare the specific characteristics of these approaches, provide a heuristic framework and outline recommendations for future research routes. A better understanding of the impact of different views on aging on health outcomes is not only relevant for basic research in life-span developmental psychology, geropsychology and health psychology, it has also implications for intervention research and public health practices. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAccessible length scale of the in-plane structure in polarized neutron off-specular and grazing-incidence small-angle scattering measurements
Maruyama, R.; Bigault, T.; Wildes, A. R. et al

in Journal of Physics Conference Series (2017), 862

Polarized neutron off-specular and grazing-incidence small-angle scattering measurements are useful methods to investigate the in-plane structure and its correlation of layered systems. Although these ... [more ▼]

Polarized neutron off-specular and grazing-incidence small-angle scattering measurements are useful methods to investigate the in-plane structure and its correlation of layered systems. Although these measurements give information on complementary and overlapping length scale, the different characteristics between them need to be taken into account when performed. In this study, the difference in the accessible length scale of the in-plane structure, which is one of the most important characteristics, was discussed using an Fe/Si multilayer together with simulations based on the distorted wave Born approximation. [less ▲]

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See detailSpin-wave dynamics in the helimagnet FeGe studied by small-angle neutron scattering
Siegfried, S.-A.; Sukhanov, A. S.; Altynbaev, E. V. et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW B (2017), 95(13),

We have studied the spin-wave stiffness of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya helimagnet FeGe in a temperature range from 225 K up to TC ≈ 278.7 K by small-angle neutron scattering. The method we have used is ... [more ▼]

We have studied the spin-wave stiffness of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya helimagnet FeGe in a temperature range from 225 K up to TC ≈ 278.7 K by small-angle neutron scattering. The method we have used is based on [Grigoriev et al., Phys. Rev. B 92, 220415(R) (2015)] and was extended here for the application in polycrystalline samples. We confirm the validity of the anisotropic spin-wave dispersion for FeGe caused by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. We have shown that the spin-wave stiffness A for the FeGe helimagnet decreases with a temperature as A(T ) = 194[1 − 0.7(T/TC)4.2] meV °A2. The finite value of the spin-wave stiffness A = 58 meV °A2 at TC classifies the order-disorder phase transition in FeGe as being the first-order one. [less ▲]

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See detailGetting What You Expect? Future Self-Views Predict the Valence of Life Events
Voss, Peggy; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (2017), 53(3), 567-580

Views on aging have been shown to predict the occurrence of events related to physical health in previous studies. Extending these findings, we investigated the relation between aging-related future self ... [more ▼]

Views on aging have been shown to predict the occurrence of events related to physical health in previous studies. Extending these findings, we investigated the relation between aging-related future self-views and life events in a longitudinal study across a range of different life domains. Participants (N = 593, age range 30 -80 years at t(1)) completed a survey at 2 measurement occasions that were separated by a 4-year interval (t1: 2009, t(2): 2013), providing information on domain-specific future self-views as well as on life events that had occurred in the respective domains in-between the 2 measurement occasions. Future self-views measured at t1 predicted the occurrence of subsequent life events corresponding in valence: Participants with more positive (negative) future self-views in a domain reported relatively more positive (negative) life events in the respective domain. In addition, individual differences in future self-views were reinforced by life events that were consistent with these self-views. Accordingly, future self-views can be interpreted in terms of self-fulfilling prophecies: They are related to the likelihood of encountering and remembering life events that further confirm the aging-related future self-views from which they originate. Our study demonstrates the importance of future self-views on aging for development-related outcomes that have an especially high impact on peoples' lives. [less ▲]

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See detailMultidimensionality of Younger and Older Adults' Age Stereotypes: The Interaction of Life Domain and Adjective Dimension
Kuhlmann, Beatrice G.; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Bayen, Ute J. et al

in JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (2017), 72(3), 436-440

Objectives: The authors investigated the sources of age-stereotype multidimensionality with the help of personal everyday statements that differed with respect to life domain (e.g., family and partnership ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The authors investigated the sources of age-stereotype multidimensionality with the help of personal everyday statements that differed with respect to life domain (e.g., family and partnership vs financial matters) and the adjective dimension reflected in the behavior (e.g., autonomous vs instrumental behavior). Method: A total of 368 statements reflecting autonomy-, instrumentality-, or integrity-related behaviors in five different life domains were generated. Sixty-nine younger (18-26 years) and 74 older (60-84 years) participants rated the typicality of each statement for either a "young adult" or an "old adult." Results: Occurrence and direction of age stereotypes varied by life domain and adjective dimension and ultimately depended on the specific combination of both factors (i.e., a significant interaction). For example, old adults were expected to be optimistic about religious aspects but not about their health, fitness, and appearance. Discussion: The findings highlight the multidimensionality and complexity of age stereotypes based on a wide array of personal everyday statements. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Differences in Views on Aging
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Kandler, Christian

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2017), 32(4), 388-399

Views on aging are central psychosocial variables in the aging process, but knowledge about their determinants is still fragmental. Thus, the authors investigated the degree to which genetic and ... [more ▼]

Views on aging are central psychosocial variables in the aging process, but knowledge about their determinants is still fragmental. Thus, the authors investigated the degree to which genetic and environmental factors contribute to individual differences in various domains of views on aging (wisdom, work, fitness, and family), and whether these variance components vary across ages. They analyzed data from 350 monozygotic and 322 dizygotic twin pairs from the Midlife Development in the U.S. (MIDUS) study, aged 25-74. Individual differences in views on aging were mainly due to individual-specific environmental and genetic effects. However, depending on the domain, genetic and environmental contributions to the variance differed. Furthermore, for some domains, variability was larger for older participants; this was attributable to increases in environmental components. This study extends research on genetic and environmental sources of psychosocial variables and stimulates future studies investigating the etiology of views on aging across the life span. [less ▲]

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See detailAge Stereotypes and Self-Views Revisited: Patterns of Internalization and Projection Processes Across the Life Span
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Voss, Peggy; Rothermund, Klaus

in JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (2017), 72(4), 582-592

We investigated processes of age stereotype internalization into the self and projection of self-views onto age stereotypes from a life-span perspective, taking age-related differences in the relevance of ... [more ▼]

We investigated processes of age stereotype internalization into the self and projection of self-views onto age stereotypes from a life-span perspective, taking age-related differences in the relevance of life domains into account. Age stereotypes and self-views in eight life domains were assessed in a sample of N = 593 persons aged 30-80 years (T-1) at two time points that were separated by a 4-year time interval. We estimated cross-lagged projection and internalization effects in multigroup structural equation models. Internalization and projection effects were contingent on age group and life domain: Internalization effects were strongest in the young and middle-aged groups and emerged in the domains family, personality, work, and leisure. Projection effects in different domains were most pronounced for older participants. Our findings suggest that the internalization of age stereotypes is triggered by domain-specific expectations of impending age-related changes and transitions during certain phases of the life span. Projection processes, however, seem to occur in response to changes that have already been experienced by the individual. Our study demonstrates the dynamic interrelation of age stereotypes and self-views across the life course and highlights the importance of a differentiated, life-span perspective for the understanding of these mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailContext Influences on the Relationship Between Views of Aging and Subjective Age: The Moderating Role of Culture and Domain of Functioning
Hess, Thomas M.; O'Brien, Erica L.; Voss, Peggy et al

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2017), 32(5), 419-431

Subjective age has been shown to reliably predict a variety of psychological and physical health outcomes, yet our understanding of its determinants is still quite limited. Using data from the Aging as ... [more ▼]

Subjective age has been shown to reliably predict a variety of psychological and physical health outcomes, yet our understanding of its determinants is still quite limited. Using data from the Aging as Future project, the authors examined the degree to which views of aging influence subjective age and how this influence varies across cultures and domains of everyday functioning. Using data from 1,877 adults aged from 30 to 95 years of age collected in China, Germany, and the United States, they assessed how general attitudes about aging and perceptions of oneself as an older adult influenced subjective age estimates in 8 different domains of functioning. More positive attitudes about aging were associated with older subjective ages, whereas more positive views of self in old age were associated with younger subjective age. It is hypothesized that these effects are reflective of social-comparison processes and self-protective mechanisms. These influences varied considerably over contexts, with views of aging having a greater impact in domains associated with stronger negative stereotypes of aging (e.g., health) compared to those with more positive ones (e.g., family). Culture also moderated the impact of aging views in terms of the strength of prediction, direction of effect, and age of greatest influence, presumably due to cultural differences in the salience and strength of aging-related belief systems across contexts. The results illustrate the contextual sensitivity of subjective age and highlight the role played by an individual's views of old age-both in general and regarding oneself-in determining their own experience of aging. [less ▲]

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See detailContext Influences on the Subjective Experience of Aging: The Impact of Culture and Domains of Functioning
O'Brien, Erica L.; Hess, Thomas M.; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL et al

in GERONTOLOGIST (2017), 57(2), 127-137

Background and Objectives: Attitudes about aging influence how people feel about their aging and affect psychological and health outcomes in later life. Given cross-cultural variability in such attitudes ... [more ▼]

Background and Objectives: Attitudes about aging influence how people feel about their aging and affect psychological and health outcomes in later life. Given cross-cultural variability in such attitudes, the subjective experience of aging (e.g., subjective age [ SA]) may also vary, potentially accounting for culture-specific patterns of aging-related outcomes. Our study explored cultural variation in SA and its determinants. Research Design and Methods: American (N = 569), Chinese (N = 492), and German (N = 827) adults aged 30-95 years completed a questionnaire that included instruments measuring basic demographic information, SA, beliefs about thresholds of old age, control over life changes, and age dependency of changes in eight different life domains (i.e., family, work). Results: Analyses revealed consistency across cultures in the domain-specificity of SA, but differences in the amount of shared variance across domains (e.g., Chinese adults exhibited greater homogeneity across domains than did Americans and Germans). Cultural differences were also observed in levels of SA in some domains, which were attenuated by domain-specific beliefs (e.g., control). Interestingly, beliefs about aging accounted for more cultural variation in SA than did sociodemographic factors (e.g., education). Discussion and Implications: Our results demonstrate that subjective perceptions of aging and everyday functioning may be best understood from a perspective focused on context (i.e., culture, life domain). Given its important relation to functioning, examination of cross-cultural differences in the subjective experience of aging may highlight factors that determine variations in aging-related outcomes that then could serve as targets of culture-specific interventions promoting well-being in later life. [less ▲]

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See detailChronique Administration européenne Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2017)

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See detailChronique Administration européenne Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2016)

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See detailChronique Administration européenne Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2016)

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See detailGuest Editorial
Stadler, Matthias UL; Greiff, Samuel UL; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in Special Issue: Current Methodological Issues in Educational Large-Scale Assessments – Part I (2016), 58

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See detailLooking Beyond Chronological Age: Current Knowledge and Future Directions in the Study of Subjective Age
Kotter-Gruehn, Dana; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Stephan, Yannick

in GERONTOLOGY (2016), 62(1), 86-93

The notion of the heterogeneity of aging goes along with the awareness that every person experiences aging differently. Over the past years, scholars have emphasized that the assessment of these ... [more ▼]

The notion of the heterogeneity of aging goes along with the awareness that every person experiences aging differently. Over the past years, scholars have emphasized that the assessment of these subjective experiences of aging contributes to our understanding of a range of psychological and physiological processes and outcomes among older adults. One construct frequently used in this context is subjective age, that is, how old or young a person feels. Subjective age has been shown to be an important correlate as well as a predictor of markers of successful aging such as well-being, health, and longevity. However, less is known about the antecedents of subjective age and the mechanisms underlying the relationship between feeling younger and positive developmental outcomes. This article briefly summarizes and critically evaluates the empirical evidence on this topic and makes suggestions on how to address and potentially overcome currently existing theoretical, methodological, and psychometric challenges. Based on the discussion of these challenges, the paper provides directions for future research by outlining underexplored topics such as intraindividual variability and determinants of subjective age, the match between objective age indicators and subjective age, and how subjective age maps on behavior and functioning. (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel [less ▲]

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See detailThe small-angle neutron scattering instrument D33 at the Institut Laue-Langevin
Dewhurst, C. D.; Grillo, I.; Honecker, Dirk UL et al

in JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2016), 49

The D33 small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) instrument at the Institut Laue–Langevin (ILL) is the most recent SANS instrument to be built at the ILL. In a project beginning in 2005 and lasting seven ... [more ▼]

The D33 small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) instrument at the Institut Laue–Langevin (ILL) is the most recent SANS instrument to be built at the ILL. In a project beginning in 2005 and lasting seven years, the concept has been developed, and the instrument designed, manufactured and installed. D33 was commissioned with neutrons during the second half of 2012, fully entering the ILL user programme in 2013. The scientific case required that D33 should provide a wide dynamic range of measured scattering vector magnitude q, flexibility with regard to the instrument resolution, and the provision of polarized neutrons and 3He spin analysis to facilitate and expand studies in magnetism. In monochromatic mode, a velocity selector and a flexible system of inter-collimation apertures define the neutron beam. A double-chopper system enables a time-of-flight (TOF) mode of operation, allowing an enhanced dynamic q range (qmax/qmin) and a flexible wavelength resolution. Two large multitube detectors extend the dynamic q range further, giving qmax/qmin ’ 25 in monochromatic mode and a very large qmax/qmin > 1000 in TOF mode. The sample zone is large and flexible in configuration, accommodating complex and bulky sample environments, while the position of D33 is such as to allow high magnetic fields at the sample position. The instrument is of general purpose with a performance rivalling that of D22, and is well adapted for SANS studies in scientific disciplines as diverse as solution scattering in biology and soft matter and studies of physics, materials science and magnetism. This article provides a detailed technical description of D33 and its performance and characterization of the individual components, and serves as a technical reference for users of the instrument. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Impact of Age Stereotypes on Source Monitoring in Younger and Older Adults
Kuhlmann, Beatrice G.; Bayen, Ute J.; Meuser, Katharina et al

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2016), 31(8), 875-889

In 2 experiments, we examined reliance on age stereotypes when reconstructing the sources of statements. Two sources presented statements (half typical for a young adult, half for an old adult). Afterward ... [more ▼]

In 2 experiments, we examined reliance on age stereotypes when reconstructing the sources of statements. Two sources presented statements (half typical for a young adult, half for an old adult). Afterward, the sources' ages-23 and 70 years-were revealed and participants completed a source-monitoring task requiring attribution of statements to the sources. Multinomial model-based analyses revealed no age-typicality effect on source memory; however, age-typicality biased source-guessing: When not remembering the source, participants predominantly guessed the source for whose age the statement was typical. Thereby, people retrospectively described the sources as having made more statements that fit with stereotypes about their age group than they had truly made. In Experiment 1, older (60-84 years) participants' guessing bias was stronger than younger (17-26 years) participants', but they also had poorer source memory. Furthermore, older adults with better source memory were less biased than those with poorer source memory. Similarly, younger adults' age-stereotype reliance was larger when source memory was impaired in Experiment 2. Thus, age stereotypes bias source attributions, and individuals with poor source memory are particularly prone to this bias, which may contribute to the maintenance of age stereotypes over time. [less ▲]

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See detailGroßschutzgebiete, Biodiversität und räumliche Planung. Ein Positionspapier aus der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung
Heiland, Stefan; Jedicke, Eckhardt; Job, Hubert et al

in Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung (2016), 48(9),

Zu Fragen einer Förderung der Biodiversität und nachhaltiger Landnutzung in Groß­schutzgebieten hat ein gleichnamiger Arbeits­kreis2 der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) ein ... [more ▼]

Zu Fragen einer Förderung der Biodiversität und nachhaltiger Landnutzung in Groß­schutzgebieten hat ein gleichnamiger Arbeits­kreis2 der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) ein Positionspapier vorgelegt. Neben sieben Thesen fordert der Arbeitskreis als Fazit eine „Bund­Länder­Gemeinschaftsaufgabe Groß­schutzgebiete“. [less ▲]

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See detailGroßschutzgebiete, Biodiversität und räumliche Planung
Heiland, Stefan; Jedicke, Eckhard; Job, Hubert et al

in Positionspapier aus der Akademie fuer Raumforschung und Landesplanung (2016), 107

Positionen 1 Stellenwert von Großschutzgebieten in der räumlichen Planung stärken 2 Zuständigkeiten von Großschutzgebieten klarer regeln und administrative Struk-turen harmonisieren 3 Monitoring und ... [more ▼]

Positionen 1 Stellenwert von Großschutzgebieten in der räumlichen Planung stärken 2 Zuständigkeiten von Großschutzgebieten klarer regeln und administrative Struk-turen harmonisieren 3 Monitoring und Qualitätsmanagement von Großschutzgebieten sicherstellen 4 Neben klassischem Naturschutz mehr Prozessschutz: Dynamik in Großschutz-gebieten zulassen 5 Großschutzgebiete bundesweit einheitlich zonieren 6 Ökosystemleistungen von Großschutzgebieten stärker für Kommunikation und räumliche Planung nutzen 7 Neue Strategien für den Umgang mit aktuellen Herausforderungen wie demo-graphischem Wandel, Klimawandel und Bodenspekulation in Großschutzgebieten ent-wickeln [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU and The Human Right to Water and Sanitation: Normative Coherence as the Key to Transformative Development
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen

in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (2016), 28(1), 91-110

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See detailImplicit and Explicit Age Stereotypes for Specific Life Domains Across the Life Span: Distinct Patterns and Age Group Differences
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Meissner, Franziska; Rothermund, Klaus

in EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH (2016), 42(2), 195-211

Background/Study Context: Drawing on research that shows the importance of age stereotypes across the life span, the authors investigated domain-specific implicit and explicit age stereotypes in different ... [more ▼]

Background/Study Context: Drawing on research that shows the importance of age stereotypes across the life span, the authors investigated domain-specific implicit and explicit age stereotypes in different age groups. Methods: Implicit (Implicit Association Test [IAT]; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464-1480) and explicit age stereotypes were assessed for the domains of family and health in a sample of N=90 younger, middle-aged, and older adults. Results: Overall, age stereotypes were negative for the health domain but not for the family domain. Distinct patterns of age group differences emerged depending on domain and assessment method. In the family domain, older participants held the least positive explicit age stereotypes, whereas implicit stereotypes in this domain were most positive for this age group compared with the young and middle-aged groups. For the health domain, implicit and explicit age associations indicated that middle-aged participants showed the most negative age-associations. Conclusions: These findings suggest that implicit and explicit age stereotypes in different life domains represent largely independent constructs. Differential age group effects are assumed to reflect the result of accommodative and assimilative processes that are used to cope with age-related changes. Implications for future studies of implicit and explicit age stereotypes and their influence on developmental regulation are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Mein, Georg UL; Schiewer, Lenore Gesine et al

in ZiG (2016), 7(1),

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See detailmiR-661 expression in SNAI1-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition contributes to breast cancer cell invasion by targeting Nectin-1 and StarD10 messengers
Vetter, G.; Saumet, A.; Moes, Michèle UL et al

in Oncogene (2016), 35(5), 670

Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key step toward metastasis. MCF7 breast cancer cells conditionally expressing the EMT master regulator SNAI1 were used to identify early expressed microRNAs ... [more ▼]

Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key step toward metastasis. MCF7 breast cancer cells conditionally expressing the EMT master regulator SNAI1 were used to identify early expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) and their targets that may contribute to the EMT process. Potential targets of miRNAs were identified by matching lists of in silico predicted targets and of inversely expressed mRNAs. MiRNAs were ranked based on the number of predicted hits, highlighting miR-661, a miRNA with so far no reported role in EMT. MiR-661 was found required for efficient invasion of breast cancer cells by destabilizing two of its predicted mRNA targets, the cell-cell adhesion protein Nectin-1 and the lipid transferase StarD10, resulting, in turn, in the downregulation of epithelial markers. Reexpression of Nectin-1 or StarD10 lacking the 3'-untranslated region counteracted SNAI1-induced invasion. Importantly, analysis of public transcriptomic data from a cohort of 295 well-characterized breast tumor specimen revealed that expression of StarD10 is highly associated with markers of luminal subtypes whereas its loss negatively correlated with the EMT-related, basal-like subtype. Collectively, our non-a priori approach revealed a nonpredicted link between SNAI1-triggered EMT and the down-regulation of Nectin-1 and StarD10 through the up-regulation of miR-661, which may contribute to the invasion of breast cancer cells and poor disease outcome. [less ▲]

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See detailDo age stereotypes as social role expectations for older adults influence personality development?
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL

in JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY (2016), 60

Age stereotypes as social role expectations for older adults were hypothesized to influence personality development in later life for specific stereotype domain x personality trait combinations. N = 965 ... [more ▼]

Age stereotypes as social role expectations for older adults were hypothesized to influence personality development in later life for specific stereotype domain x personality trait combinations. N = 965 participants aged 50-60 from the Midlife Development in the U.S. (MIDUS) study provided ratings about "people in their late sixties" in four domains at T-1 and completed a personality questionnaire at T-1 and at T-2 ten years later. Personality at T-2 was regressed on age stereotypes and personality at baseline. Age stereotypes in the domains Family/Relationships and Wisdom were related to changes in both Agreeableness and Extraversion over ten years. The findings provide tentative support for the role of positive age stereotypes in personality development in older age. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Mein, Georg UL; Schiewer, Lenore Gesine et al

in ZiG (2016), 7(2),

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (2 UL)
See detailQualität frühkindlicher Bildung im europäischen Vergleich
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2016), 24(5), 97

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See detailChronique Administration européenne Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2015)

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See detailChronique Administration européenne Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2015)

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See detailAgainst the current: transboundary water management in small states on two continents
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen

in WATER INTERNATIONAL (2015), 40(2), 231-250

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See detailVernetzung von Theorie und Praxis: Herausforderungen an die Aus- und Weiterbildung im frühkindlichen Bereich
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2015), 23(6), 123

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See detailSprache und Identität: Aktivieren von Sprachressourcen bei Kindern
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2015), 23(07/08), 147

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hess-Lüttich, Ernest W.B.; Mein, Georg UL et al

in ZiG (2015), 6(1),

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See detailHope for the Best, Prepare for the Worst? Future Self-Views and Preparation for Age-Related Changes
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Voss, Peggy; Rothermund, Klaus

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2015), 30(4), 967-976

Extending research on the impact of views on aging and developmental regulation across the life span, we tested the hypothesis that more positive views of oneself as an older person predict more ... [more ▼]

Extending research on the impact of views on aging and developmental regulation across the life span, we tested the hypothesis that more positive views of oneself as an older person predict more preparation for age-related changes. Drawing on recent evidence regarding the domain specificity of aging-related developmental processes, we assumed this relationship to be moderated by the relevance of preparation in different life domains for different age groups. We investigated these research questions in a longitudinal study that assessed future self-views and preparation for different life domains in a sample covering a large part of the adult life span. Findings supported our hypotheses: More positive/negative personal views of one's own aging at T1 predicted subsequent increases/decreases in preparation, with influences being strongest for those domains in which relevant age-related changes are expected to occur for the respective age groups. Our study provides additional evidence for the idea that views on aging shape development, identifying age-related provision making as an important mediating process. Furthermore, our findings highlight the added value of a domain-specific approach that takes the differential relevance of life domains and age-related developmental tasks into account. [less ▲]

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See detailPatterns and Sources of Personality Development in Old Age
Kandler, Christian; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Hagemeyer, Birk et al

in JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY (2015), 109(1), 175-191

Despite abundant evidence that personality development continues in adulthood, little is known about the patterns and sources of personality development in old age. We thus investigated mean-level trends ... [more ▼]

Despite abundant evidence that personality development continues in adulthood, little is known about the patterns and sources of personality development in old age. We thus investigated mean-level trends and individual differences in change as well as the genetic and environmental sources of rank-order continuity and change in several personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, perceived control, and affect intensity) and well-being. In addition, we analyzed the interrelation between perceived control and change in other personality traits as well as between change in personality traits and change in well-being. We analyzed data from older adult twins, aged 64-85 years at Time 1 (N = 410; 135 males and 275 females; 134 monozygotic and 63 dizygotic twin pairs), collected at 2 different time points about 5 years apart. On average, neuroticism increased, whereas extraversion, conscientiousness, and perceived control significantly decreased over time. Change in perceived control was associated with change in neuroticism and conscientiousness, pointing to particular adaptation mechanisms specific to old age. Whereas individual differences in personality traits were fairly stable due to both genetic and environmental sources, individual differences in change were primarily due to environmental sources (beyond random error) indicating plasticity in old age. Even though the average level of well-being did not significantly change over time, individual well-being tended to decrease with strongly increasing levels of neuroticism as well as decreasing extraversion, conscientiousness, and perceived control, indicating that personality traits predict well-being but not vice versa. We discuss implications for theory on personality development across the lifespan. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Mein, Georg UL; Schiewer, Gesine Lenore et al

in ZiG (2015), 6(2),

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See detailGrowing up in a multicultural society
Albert, Isabelle UL

in EARA Newsletter - European Association of Research on Adolescence (2014)

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See detailOn being bicultural in a multicultural society
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in EARA - Newsletter - European Association for Research on Adolescence (2014)

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See detailPrenatal maternal stress and child developmental outcome: Implications for health care provision?
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL

in Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology (2014), 56(3), 204-205

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See detailPädagogische Konzepte
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2014), 22(9), 191

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germansitik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hss-Lüttich, Ernest; Mein, Georg UL et al

in ZiG (2014), 5(1),

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (6 UL)
See detailThe sequential isolation of metabolites, RNA, DNA, and proteins from a single, undivided mixed microbial community sample
Muller, Emilie UL; Buschart, Anna UL; Roume, Hugo UL et al

in Protocol Exchange (2014)

Integrated omics of microbial consortia, comprising systematized metagenomic, metatranscriptomic, metaproteomic and meta-metabolomic analyses, allows in-depth characterization of organismal and functional ... [more ▼]

Integrated omics of microbial consortia, comprising systematized metagenomic, metatranscriptomic, metaproteomic and meta-metabolomic analyses, allows in-depth characterization of organismal and functional diversity in situ. To allow meaningful meta-omic data integration, truly systematic measurements of the typically heterogeneous sample biomass is required. Therefore, there is a need for analyzing biomolecular fractions obtained from single, undivided samples. Here, we share a methodological workflow for the reproducible isolation of concomitant polar and non-polar metabolites, RNA, DNA and proteins from samples obtained from a biological wastewater treatment plant. The methodological framework is applicable to other biological samples [1,2], is compatible with different kits for biomacromolecular isolation [1,2] with minimal tailoring, and represents an important first step in standardization for the emerging field of Molecular Eco-Systems Biology. [less ▲]

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See detailConviviality-Driven Access Control Policy
El Kateb, Donia UL; Zannone, Nicola; Moawad, Assaad UL et al

in Requirements Engineering (2014)

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See detailChronique Administration européenne, Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2014)

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See detailPreparation for old age in different life domains Dimensions and age differences
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT (2014), 38(3), 228-238

We investigated preparation for age-related changes from a multidimensional, life span perspective and administered a newly developed questionnaire to a large sample aged 30-80 years. Preparing for age ... [more ▼]

We investigated preparation for age-related changes from a multidimensional, life span perspective and administered a newly developed questionnaire to a large sample aged 30-80 years. Preparing for age-related changes was organized by life domains, with domain-specific types of preparation addressing obstacles and opportunities in the respective domains. Preparing for a third (focusing on activities, leisure, work, fitness, appearance) and a fourth age (focusing on emergencies, dependence/independence, housing, financial arrangements) emerged as superordinate categories of preparation. Different age gradients were obtained for the factors, the former peaking around the age of 65, whereas the latter increased linearly up to the age of 80. Furthermore, preparation factors were characterized by distinct personality profiles. The findings attest to the importance of a differentiated view on preparation for age-related changes and its relevance across the life span. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germansitik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hess-Lüttich, Ernest W.B; Mein, Georg UL et al

in ZiG (2014), 5(2),

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See detailState of the Art in der Verhaltensmedizin: Keynote-Beiträge der DGVM-Jahrestagung 2013 - Editorial
Vögele, Claus UL; Leplow, Bernd; Hillert, Andreas

in Verhaltenstherapie (2014)

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See detail« Mesures d’instruction », Fasc. JCL procédure civile 634
Menetrey, Séverine UL

in JurisClasseur Procédure civile (2013)

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See detailStepwise, non-adherent differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to generate basal forebrain cholinergic neurons via hedgehog signaling
Crompton, Lucy A.; Byrne, Meg L.; Taylor, Hannah et al

in STEM CELL RESEARCH (2013), 11(3), 1206-1221

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See detailNegative Automatic Evaluation and Better Recognition of Bodily Symptom Words in College Students with Elevated Health Anxiety
Schmidt, Erika; Witthoeft, Michael; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL et al

in COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH (2013), 37(5), 1027-1040

This study explored whether better recognition of symptom words is associated with stronger negative automatic evaluations of these words. We compared participants with health anxiety (HA; N = 27) to ... [more ▼]

This study explored whether better recognition of symptom words is associated with stronger negative automatic evaluations of these words. We compared participants with health anxiety (HA; N = 27) to dysphoric (N = 29) and to non-health-anxious and non-dysphoric control participants (N = 28) in the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and in a word recognition task using health-threat-related, negative emotional, and neutral control words. Participants with HA made significantly more mistakes on the IAT than both other groups, in pairing the evaluation "harmless" with specific "symptoms" (p = .02, eta(2) = .10). Additionally, recognition performance was positively related to the IAT evaluation bias. The findings suggest that persons with HA automatically interpret symptoms as being more dangerous than the others saw them. This evaluation bias might explain the facilitation of access to symptom information in working memory that underlies cognitive biases observed in HA. [less ▲]

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See detailEating healthily: a task for health education?
Vögele, Claus UL

in Agro Food Industry Hi Tech (2013), 23(6), 3-3

Editorial

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 UL)
See detailSpecial issue on evolutionary computing and complex systems
Bouvry, Pascal UL; Schuetze, Oliver; Coello Coello, Carlos A. et al

in SOFT COMPUTING (2013), 17(6), 909-912

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See detailMultiple standards of aging: gender-specific age stereotypes in different life domains
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Voss, Peggy; Rothermund, Klaus

in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGEING (2013), 10(4), 335-344

Whereas it is often stated that aging might have more negative consequences for the evaluation of women compared to men, evidence for this assumption is mixed. We took a differentiated look at age ... [more ▼]

Whereas it is often stated that aging might have more negative consequences for the evaluation of women compared to men, evidence for this assumption is mixed. We took a differentiated look at age stereotypes of men and women, assuming that the life domain in which older persons are rated moderates gender differences in age stereotypes. A sample of 298 participants aged 20-92 rated 65-year-old men and women on evaluative statements in eight different life domains. Furthermore, perceptions of gender-and domain-specific age-related changes were assessed by comparing the older targets to 45-year-old men and women, respectively. The results speak in favor of the domain specificity of evaluative asymmetries in age stereotypes for men and women, and imply that an understanding of gendered perceptions of aging requires taking into account the complexities of domain-specific views on aging. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychische Erkrankungen
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS- Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2013), 21(11), 255

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (6 UL)
See detailReport on the International Workshop "Value of Children and Intergenerational Relations ", March 29th to 30th, 2012, at the University of Konstanz, organized by Gisela Trommsdorff and Bernhard Nauck
Ziehm, Jeanette; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation = Journal for Sociology of Education and Socialization (2013), 33

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See detailChronique Administration européenne, Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2013)

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hess-Lüttich, Ernest W.B.; Mein, Georg UL et al

in ZiG (2013), 4(1),

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hess-Lüttich, Ernest W.B.; Mein, Georg UL et al

in ZiG (2013), 4(2),

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See detailChronique Administration européenne, Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2012)

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hess-Lüttich, Ernest W.B.; Mein, Georg UL et al

in ZiG (2012), 3(2),

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See detailHydrogen-Bonded Networks Along and Bifurcation of the E-Pathway in Quinol:Fumarate Reductase
Herzog, Elena; Gu, Wei UL; Juhnke, Hanno D. et al

in Biophysical Journal (2012), 103(6), 1305-1314

The E-pathway of transmembrane proton transfer has been demonstrated previously to be essential for catalysis by the diheme-containing quinol:fumarate reductase (QFR) of Wolinella succinogenes. Two ... [more ▼]

The E-pathway of transmembrane proton transfer has been demonstrated previously to be essential for catalysis by the diheme-containing quinol:fumarate reductase (QFR) of Wolinella succinogenes. Two constituents of this pathway, Glu-C180 and heme bp ring C (b(D)-C-) propionate, have been validated experimentally. Here, we identify further constituents of the E-pathway by analysis of molecular dynamics simulations. The redox state of heme groups has a crucial effect on the connectivity patterns of mobile internal water molecules that can transiently support proton transfer from the b(D)-C-propionate to Glu-C180. The short H-bonding paths formed in the reduced states can lead to high proton conduction rates and thus provide a plausible explanation for the required opening of the E-pathway in reduced QFR. We found evidence that the b(D)-C-propionate group is the previously postulated branching point connecting proton transfer to the E-pathway from the quinol-oxidation site via interactions with the heme bp ligand His-C44. An essential functional role of His-C44 is supported experimentally by site-directed mutagenesis resulting in its replacement with Glu. Although the H44E variant enzyme retains both heme groups, it is unable to catalyze quinol oxidation. All results obtained are relevant to the QFR enzymes from the human pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Helicobacter pylori. [less ▲]

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See detailZeitschrift für interkulturelle Germanistik
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Hess-Lüttich, Ernest W.B.

in ZiG (2012), 3(2),

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See detailStudies in Philosophy and Education Volume 31
Biesta, Gert UL

in Studies in Philosophy & Education (2012)

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See detailChronique Administration européenne, Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2012)

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See detailReply to Comment on Fast and Accurate Modeling of Molecular Atomization Energies with Machine Learning
Rupp, M.; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Müller, K.-R. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2012), 109(5),

[No abstract available]

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See detailThe duration and durability of cabinet ministers
Fischer, Joern; Dowding, Keith; Dumont, Patrick UL

in INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW (2012), 33(5), 505-519

This article surveys the growing research programme on the duration of cabinet ministers. It examines some of the conceptual and methodological issues confronting research, including the nature and ... [more ▼]

This article surveys the growing research programme on the duration of cabinet ministers. It examines some of the conceptual and methodological issues confronting research, including the nature and measurement of durability, ministerial terms and techniques. It considers some of the theories and hypotheses that have been generated by researchers. Using evidence from studies from around the world, it argues that institutional factors, including regime type, constitutional and parliamentary rules, and party systems, affect ministerial durability. Personal ministerial characteristics, such as gender, education and age, also affect durability. It examines future avenues of research in this field. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecial issue on satellite communication systems and networking
Panagopoulos, A. D.; Scalise, S.; Ottersten, Björn UL et al

in Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking (2012), 2012

[No abstract available]

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See detailThe normalized CES production function: theory and empirics
Klump, Rainer UL; McAdam, Peter; Willman, Alpo

in JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC SURVEYS (2012), 26(5), 769-799

The elasticity of substitution between capital and labor and, in turn, the direction of technical change are critical parameters in many fields of economics. Until recently, though, the application of ... [more ▼]

The elasticity of substitution between capital and labor and, in turn, the direction of technical change are critical parameters in many fields of economics. Until recently, though, the application of production functions with specifically non-unitary substitution elasticities (i.e., non-CobbDouglas) was hampered by empirical and theoretical uncertainties. As recently revealed, normalization of production-technology systems holds out the promise of resolving many of those uncertainties. We survey and assess the intrinsic links between production (as conceptualized in a production function), factor substitution (as made most explicit in Constant Elasticity of Substitution functions) and normalization (defined by the fixing of baseline values for relevant variables). First, we recall how the normalized Constant Elasticity of Substitution function came into existence and what normalization implies for its formal properties. Then we deal with the key role of normalization in recent advances in the theory of business cycles and of economic growth. Next, we discuss the benefits normalization brings for empirical estimation and empirical growth research. Finally, we identify promising areas of future research. [less ▲]

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See detailInternalization of Age Stereotypes Into the Self-Concept via Future Self-Views: A General Model and Domain-Specific Differences
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2012), 27(1), 164-172

We investigated a pathway through which age stereotypes (AS) become internalized into the self. Domain-specific AS, as well as future self-views (FS) and current self-views (CS), were assessed in a sample ... [more ▼]

We investigated a pathway through which age stereotypes (AS) become internalized into the self. Domain-specific AS, as well as future self-views (FS) and current self-views (CS), were assessed in a sample of middle-aged and older adults. AS were positively related to CS and this effect was mediated via FS. These relations were stronger for older persons, indicating that the internalization process depends on a self-categorization as being old. A comparison of life domains revealed that an age-dependent internalization of AS emerged mainly for those domains in which age-related changes are expected to occur during later phases of life. [less ▲]

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See detailDimensionen und Deutungsmuster des Alterns: Vorstellungen vom Altern, Altsein und der Lebensgestaltung im Alter.
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GERONTOLOGIE UND GERIATRIE (2011), 44(5), 291-296

Attitudes about older people and being old develop in the early and middle phases of life and influence the subsequent aging process. Because aging processes vary across different domains of life and ... [more ▼]

Attitudes about older people and being old develop in the early and middle phases of life and influence the subsequent aging process. Because aging processes vary across different domains of life and functioning, one cannot assume unanimously negative or positive attitudes towards old age and aging. Thus, in the psychological part of the project Zones of Transition ("Zonen des Ubergangs"), age stereotypes and views of the self in old age were assessed in different life domains and for different age groups, and their relation to wellbeing and the self-concept was investigated. The project also focused on the analysis of attitudes towards one's personal way of living in old age. A questionnaire was developed that assesses those attitudes on the basis of the dimensions "active commitment" and "pleasure and leisure". Our results support a multidimensional conception of attitudes towards aging and way of living in old age as well as of their influence on development across the lifespan. [less ▲]

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See detailRon Scollon (1939-2009): An academic in the wild
Norris, Sigrid; Castillo-Ayometzi, Cecilia; de Saint-Georges, Ingrid UL et al

in Discourse & Society (2011), 22(2), 209-216

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See detailChronique Administration européenne, Principes du droit administratif européen
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Revue Française d'Administration Publique (2011)

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See detailContexts of Aging: Assessing Evaluative Age Stereotypes in Different Life Domains
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (2011), 66(5), 547-556

Objectives. Research on age stereotypes suggests that views of older persons are complex and multidimensional. We investigated the positivity or negativity of age stereotypes with respect to different ... [more ▼]

Objectives. Research on age stereotypes suggests that views of older persons are complex and multidimensional. We investigated the positivity or negativity of age stereotypes with respect to different life domains. Method. A newly developed questionnaire assessing domain-specific age stereotypes was administered to a large sample of adults covering a wide age range. Results. Our findings confirm the existence of independent domain-specific age stereotypes, providing evidence for a multifaceted and complex view of old age and aging. "Old persons" were evaluated differently in the various life domains, and age thresholds for ascriptions of being old differed between domains. Furthermore, the positivity of domain-specific age stereotypes of a person predicted individual life satisfaction for the respective life domain. The strength of the relationship between age stereotypes and life satisfaction increased with participants' age. Discussion. Our results indicate the existence of domain-specific age stereotypes that become internalized into older persons' self-views. [less ▲]

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See detailAdhesive water networks facilitate binding of protein interfaces
Ahmad, Mazen; Gu, Wei UL; Geyer, Tihamer et al

in Nature Communications (2011), 2

Water structure has an essential role in biological assembly. Hydrophobic dewetting has been documented as a general mechanism for the assembly of hydrophobic surfaces; however, the association mechanism ... [more ▼]

Water structure has an essential role in biological assembly. Hydrophobic dewetting has been documented as a general mechanism for the assembly of hydrophobic surfaces; however, the association mechanism of hydrophilic interfaces remains mysterious and cannot be explained by simple continuum water models that ignore the solvent structure. Here we study the association of two hydrophilic proteins using unbiased extensive molecular dynamics simulations that reproducibly recovered the native bound complex. The water in the interfacial gap forms an adhesive hydrogen-bond network between the interfaces stabilizing early intermediates before native contacts are formed. Furthermore, the interfacial gap solvent showed a reduced dielectric shielding up to distances of few nanometres during the diffusive phase. The interfacial gap solvent generates an anisotropic dielectric shielding with a strongly preferred directionality for the electrostatic interactions along the association direction. [less ▲]

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