References of "Scientific journals"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 1 to 100 of 13597 1 2 3 4 5 6     Im Schatten der Geschichte. Die (vergessene) Gewaltkommission der Bundesregierung zur Analyse und Prävention politisch motivierter Gewalt (1987 bis 1990)Eckert, Roland; Schumacher, Anette ; Willems, Helmut in Zeithistorische Forschungen (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 84 (38 UL) Do banks and microfinance institutions compete? Microevidence from MadagascarLeon, Florian ; Baraton, Pierrickin Economic Development and Cultural Change (in press)This paper examines whether the loan strategy of a microfinance institution is shaped by the entry of a bank. Specifically, we investigate whether the distance between a borrower of a microfinance ... [more ▼]This paper examines whether the loan strategy of a microfinance institution is shaped by the entry of a bank. Specifically, we investigate whether the distance between a borrower of a microfinance institution and the closest bank influences loan conditions provided by the microfinance institution. We use an original panel dataset of 32,374 loans granted to 14,834 borrowers provided by one of the largest microfinance institutions in Madagascar between 2008 and 2014. We find that the closer a bank is located to a given MFI borrower, the larger the loan obtained and the less collateral required. We also find that the effect is stronger for clients that could be more easily caught by banks (i.e., large firms and clients without a previous relationship with the MFI). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 UL) Hybrid Transceivers Design for Large-Scale Antenna Arrays Using Majorization-Minimization AlgorithmsArora, Aakash ; Tsinos, Christos ; Shankar, Bhavani et alin IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 110 (36 UL) Book review: Bessey, Valérie et Werner Paravicini: Guerre des manifestes : Charles le Téméraire et ses ennemis (1465-1475)Genot, Gilles in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL) The Effect of Rating Scale on Response Style: Experimental Evidence for Job SatisfactionJoxhe, Majlinda ; Corrado, Luisain Journal of Well-Being Assessment (in press)This paper explores the relationship between rating scales and response style using experimental data from a sample of 1500 households of the Innovation Panel (2008) which is part of the Understanding ... [more ▼]This paper explores the relationship between rating scales and response style using experimental data from a sample of 1500 households of the Innovation Panel (2008) which is part of the Understanding Society database. Two random groups of individuals are being asked about their level of job satisfaction using a self-assessment questionnaire through two (7 and 11 points) rating options. By comparing the two groups, we explore the effects of the different rating scales on Extreme Response Style (ERS). The experimental design of the data enables us to show that both high and low Extreme Response Style (ERS) are correlated with personal and demographic characteristics. In addition, when comparing the shorter to a longer scale, we show that the survey design may generates tendency to choose responses at the extreme values of the distribution. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 59 (2 UL) Die Psychotechnik im Dienste der Berufsberatung - eine Erinnerung an die Verdienste von Nicolas BraunshausenSteffgen, Georges ; Ewen, Norbert in Psychologische Rundschau: Ueberblick Uber die Fortschritte der Psychologie in Deutschland, Oesterreich, und der Schweiz (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 UL) Enlarging the frame: Issues of inclusion and mental health in an ageing societyFerring, Dieter in Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities (in press)This contribution frames the notions of inclusion and mental health by describing trends in European societies at the social and economic level that will have direct consequences for a participative civil ... [more ▼]This contribution frames the notions of inclusion and mental health by describing trends in European societies at the social and economic level that will have direct consequences for a participative civil society and social cohesion. Starting point is the observation that the world faces challenges at the start of the 21st century that are new and unprecedented in its history. The four global forces that break all the trends known so far in human history include urbanization, accelerating technological development, greater global connections, and population ageing. The authors first describe the scale of population ageing, as ageing populations characterize several developed economies. In a second step, they highlight some consequences of population ageing for social welfare and in a third part they elaborate on the notion of justice and inclusion in rapidly changing societies. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 62 (15 UL) Bio-assisted tailored synthesis of plasmonic silver nanorings and site-selective deposition on graphene arraysGiovannini, Giorgia; Ardini, Matteo; Maccaferri, Nicolò et alin Advanced Optical Materials (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 74 (0 UL) Solving complex problems at work. The incremental contribution of complex problem solving skills to the prediction of job level, job complexity, and salaryMainert, Jakob ; Niepel, Christoph ; Murphy, Kevin R. et alin Journal of Business and Psychology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 64 (6 UL) Editorial: teachers’ attitudes and self‐efficacy beliefs with regard to inclusive educationPit-Ten Cate, Ineke ; Schwab, Susanne; Hecht, Petra et alin Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL) Circadian preference as a typology: Latent-class analysis of adolescents' morningness/eveningness, relation with sleep behavior, and with academic outcomesPreckel, Franzis; Fischbach, Antoine ; Scherrer, Vsevolod et alin Learning and Individual Differences (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 112 (20 UL) The English and German versions of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale: Establishing measurement invariance across nationality and gender groupsNiepel, Christoph ; Greiff, Samuel ; Mohr, Jonathan J. et alin Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 73 (5 UL) Finite-Time Attitude Synchronization with Distributed Discontinuous ProtocolsWei, Jieqiang; Zhang, Silun; Adaldo, Antonio et alin IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control (in press)The finite-time attitude synchronization problem is considered in this paper, where the rotation of each rigid body is expressed using the axis-angle representation. Two discontinuous and distributed ... [more ▼]The finite-time attitude synchronization problem is considered in this paper, where the rotation of each rigid body is expressed using the axis-angle representation. Two discontinuous and distributed controllers using the vectorized signum function are proposed, which guarantee almost global and local convergence, respectively. Filippov solutions and non-smooth analysis techniques are adopted to handle the discontinuities. Sufficient conditions are provided to guarantee finite-time convergence and boundedness of the solutions. Simulation examples are provided to verify the performances of the control protocols designed in this paper. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 65 (1 UL) The Identity Challenge in Finance: From Analogue Identity to Digitized Identification to Digital KYC UtilitiesZetzsche, Dirk Andreas ; Arner, Douglas W.; Buckley, Ross P. et alin European Business Organization Law Review (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 127 (2 UL) Towards an alternative to territorial jurisdiction to face criminality committed through or facilitated by the use of blockchainsJolly, Loren in Eurojus (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 50 (7 UL) Money and Happiness: Income, Wealth and Subjective Well-beingD'Ambrosio, Conchita ; Lepinteur, Anthony ; Jäntti, Markusin Social Indicators Research (in press)We examine the complex relationship between money and happiness. We find that both permanent income and wealth are better predictors of life satisfaction than current income and wealth. They matter not ... [more ▼]We examine the complex relationship between money and happiness. We find that both permanent income and wealth are better predictors of life satisfaction than current income and wealth. They matter not only in absolute terms but also in comparative terms. However, their relative impacts differ. The first exerts a comparison effect – the higher the permanent income of the reference group, the lower life satisfaction – the second exerts an information effect – the higher the permanent wealth of the reference group, the higher life satisfaction. We also show that negative transitory shocks to income reduce life satisfaction while transitory shocks to wealth have no effect. Lastly, we analyse the effects of their components and find that not all of them predict life satisfaction: permanent taxes do not matter, while only the value of permanent real estate, financial and business assets do. Finally, we use quantile regression and analyse to what extent our results vary along the well-being distribution, finding the impacts to be larger at lower levels of life satisfaction. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 129 (17 UL) Scattering theory without injectivity radius assumptions, and spectral stability for the Ricci flowGüneysu, Batu; Thalmaier, Anton in Annales de l'Institut Fourier (in press)We prove a new integral criterion for the existence and completeness of the wave operators W_{\pm}(-\Delta_h,-\Delta_g, I_{g,h}) corresponding to the (unique self-adjoint realizations of) the Laplace ... [more ▼]We prove a new integral criterion for the existence and completeness of the wave operators W_{\pm}(-\Delta_h,-\Delta_g, I_{g,h}) corresponding to the (unique self-adjoint realizations of) the Laplace-Beltrami operators -\Delta_j, j=g,h, that are induced by two quasi-isometric complete Riemannian metrics g and h on an open manifold M. In particular, this result provides a criterion for the absolutely continuous spectra of -\Delta_g and -\Delta_h to coincide. Our proof relies on estimates that are obtained using a probabilistic Bismut type formula for the gradient of a heat semigroup. Unlike all previous results, our integral criterion only requires some lower control on the Ricci curvatures and some upper control on the heat kernels, but no control at all on the injectivity radii. As a consequence, we obtain a stability result for the absolutely continuous spectrum under a Ricci flow. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 167 (33 UL) Can the Plight of the European Banking Structural Reforms be a Blessing in Disguise?Nabilou, Hossein in European Business Organization Law Review (in press)One of the problems perceived to be at the heart of the global financial crisis was an amalgamation of various commercial and investment banking activities under one entity, as well as the ... [more ▼]One of the problems perceived to be at the heart of the global financial crisis was an amalgamation of various commercial and investment banking activities under one entity, as well as the interconnectedness of the banking entities with other financial institutions, investment funds, and the shadow banking system. This paper focuses on various measures that aim to structurally separate the banking entities and their core functions from riskier financial activities such as (proprietary) trading or investments in alternative investment funds. Although banking structural reforms in the EU, UK, and the US have taken different forms, their common denominator is the separation of core banking functions from certain trading or securities market activities. Having reviewed the arguments for and against banking structural reforms and their varieties in major jurisdictions, including the EU, UK, US, France, and Germany, the paper argues that a more nuanced approach to introducing such measures at the EU level is warranted. Given the different market structures across the Atlantic and the lack of conclusive evidence on the beneficial impact of banking structural reforms, the paper concludes that the withdrawal of the banking structural reforms proposal by the European Commission has been a prudent move. It seems that in the absence of concrete evidence, experimenting with structural reforms at the Member-State level would be less costly and would provide for opportunities for learning from smaller mistakes that could pave the way for a more optimal approach to introducing banking structural reforms at the European level in the future. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 66 (6 UL) Search-based Multi-Vulnerability Testing of XML Injections in Web ApplicationsJan, Sadeeq ; Panichella, Annibale ; Arcuri, Andrea et alin Empirical Software Engineering (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 190 (18 UL) Further exploration of the SUPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale’s factor structure: Evidence from a large Hungarian sampleZsila, Ágnes; Bőthe, Beáta; Demetrovics, Zsolt et alin Current Psychology (in press)Background: Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct playing a pervasive role in psychiatry and neuropsychology. Lynam et al. (2006) have developed the 59-item UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, which ... [more ▼]Background: Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct playing a pervasive role in psychiatry and neuropsychology. Lynam et al. (2006) have developed the 59-item UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, which assesses five distinct impulsivity dimensions: positive urgency, negative urgency, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation, and sensation seeking. The short, 20-item version of the UPPS-P (SUPPS-P; Billieux et al. 2012) has been developed and adapted into several languages, including English, French, Italian, Spanish, and Arabic. The aim of the present study was to test four theoretical models of the SUPPS-P in a large sample of Hungarian adults. Methods: A total of 15,703 participants (64.76% male; Mage = 33.42 years, SD = 11.06) completed the SUPPS-P using an online questionnaire. Results: Confirmatory factor analyses corroborated the first-order five-factor model of impulsivity and a hierarchical model representing three higher-order constructs (urgency, lack of conscientiousness, sensation seeking), whereas the one-factor and three-factor model were not supported. The factor structure of the SUPPS-P preserved the original, theory-driven structure of the UPPS-P model and this instrument demonstrated good internal consistency. Hypersexual behavior consequences were positively associated with most SUPPS-P components, thus criterion validity was also supported. Conclusion: The SUPPS-P had strong psychometric properties that reflected the theoretical structure of the original UPPS-P model, thus it constitutes a theoretically grounded and time saving multidimensional instrument for assessing impulsivity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 140 (0 UL) Measuring Anxiety in Older Adults: Development, Diagnostic Accuracy, and Preliminary Validation of a Short-Form of the German Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS-G-SF)Gottschling, Juliana ; Dörendahl, Jan ; Prell, Tino et alin Journal of Personality Assessment (in press)Anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent among older adults, and are associ- ated with considerable distress, functional impairment, and burden. Also, there is growing need for brief ... [more ▼]Anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent among older adults, and are associ- ated with considerable distress, functional impairment, and burden. Also, there is growing need for brief instruments to measure anxiety symptoms in primary care and geriatric medical settings. Therefore, the current study focuses on the development and psychometric evaluation of a short- form of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS-G), a well-established anxiety instrument for use with older adults. Study 1 draws on the original data from the GAS-G validation study (N1⁄4242) to develop the short-form (GAS-G-SF) and determines whether the results replicate with the short- form. Study 2 extends the validation of the GAS-G-SF to a clinical sample (N1⁄4156; 62 patients with heart disease, 94 patients with Parkinson’s disease). Overall, the GAS-G-SF showed promising psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency and validity. Also, the GAS-G-SF showed good discriminatory power based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis in both stud- ies. These results support the utility of the GAS-G-SF as a brief assessment measure for anxiety. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 UL) A stochastic Galerkin cell-based smoothed finite element method (SGCS-FEM)Mathew, Tittu; Beex, Lars ; Bordas, Stéphane et alin International Journal of Computational Methods (in press)In this paper, the cell based smoothed finite element method is extended to solve stochastic partial diff erential equations with uncertain input parameters. The spatial field of Young's moduli and the ... [more ▼]In this paper, the cell based smoothed finite element method is extended to solve stochastic partial diff erential equations with uncertain input parameters. The spatial field of Young's moduli and the corresponding stochastic results are represented by Karhunen-Lo eve expansion and polynomial chaos expansion, respectively. The Young's Modulus of structure is considered to be random for stochastic static as well as free vibration problems. Mathematical expressions and the solution procedure are articulated in detail to evaluate the statistical characteristics of responses in terms of static displacements and free vibration frequencies. The feasibility and eff ectiveness of the proposed SGCS-FEM method in terms of accuracy and lower requirement on the mesh size in the solution domain over that of conventional FEM for stochastic problems are demonstrated by carefully chosen numerical examples. From the numerical study, it is inferred that the proposed framework is computationally less demanding without compromising accuracy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 UL) School Attitude and Perceived Teacher Acceptance: Developmental Trajectories, Temporal Relations, and Gender DifferencesArens, Anne Katrin; Niepel, Christoph in British Journal of Educational Psychology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 62 (2 UL) Extensional Paramodulation for Higher-Order Logic and its Effective Implementation Leo-IIISteen, Alexander in KI – Künstliche Intelligenz (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 UL) Regional foreign banks and financial inclusion: Evidence from AfricaLeon, Florian ; Zins, Alexandrain Economic Modelling (in press)Regional foreign banks expanded quickly over the past decade in developing and emerging countries and have a growing influence in banking systems. We question whether the development of African regional ... [more ▼]Regional foreign banks expanded quickly over the past decade in developing and emerging countries and have a growing influence in banking systems. We question whether the development of African regional foreign banks, also called Pan-African banks, influences financial inclusion of firms and households. To this end, we combine the World Bank Global Findex database and the World Bank Enterprise Surveys with a hand-collected database on the presence of regional foreign banks. We find that Pan-African banks presence increases firms’ access to credit and limited evidence that they favor financial access of the middle class by restoring confidence in banks. We suggest that this impact is related to the adoption of an aggressive strategy aiming at gaining market shares rather than through the exploitation of informational and technological advantages. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 79 (3 UL) Empirical Evaluation of Mutation-based Test Prioritization TechniquesShin, Donghwan; Yoo, Shin; Papadakis, Mike et alin Software Testing, Verification and Reliability (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 75 (4 UL) Ordre constitutionnel et intégration économique Réflexions sur les incidences constitutionnelles de l’approfondissement de l’UEM.Rassafi-Guibal, Hicham in Politeia (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 UL) Schnëssen. Surveying language dynamics in Luxembourgish with a mobile research appEntringer, Nathalie ; Gilles, Peter ; Martin, Sara et alin Linguistic Vanguard (in press)The mobile app Schnëssen is intended to establish a state-of-the-art digital platform to collect data on the present-day language situation of Luxembourgish by means of crowd-sourcing and to document and ... [more ▼]The mobile app Schnëssen is intended to establish a state-of-the-art digital platform to collect data on the present-day language situation of Luxembourgish by means of crowd-sourcing and to document and present results to a broader public. Users can participate in a large set of audio recordings tasks and in sociolinguistic surveys. By presenting all audio recordings via an interactive map, participants can explore the language variation of their language. In the first year of data collection, around 210.000 recordings could be collected for numerous variation phenomena from all linguistic levels and over 2800 sociolinguistic questionnaires have been filled out. The app allowed us to compile thus the largest systematic spoken language corpus of Luxembourgish. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 47 (7 UL) Teachers’ assessments of students’ achievements: The ecological validity of studies using case vignettesKrolak-Schwerdt, Sabine ; Hörstermann, Thomas ; Glock, Sabine et alin Journal of Experimental Education (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 98 (10 UL) A dual‐process exploration of binge drinking: Evidence through behavioral and electrophysiological findingsLannoy, Séverine; Dormal, Valérie; Billieux, Joël et alin Addiction Biology (in press)The dual‐process model, describing addictive disorders as resulting from an imbalance between increased automatic approach behaviors towards the substance and reduced abilities to control these behaviors ... [more ▼]The dual‐process model, describing addictive disorders as resulting from an imbalance between increased automatic approach behaviors towards the substance and reduced abilities to control these behaviors, constitutes a sound theoretical framework to understand alcohol‐use disorders. The present study aimed at exploring this imbalance at behavioral and cerebral levels in binge drinking, a pattern of excessive alcohol consumption frequently observed in youth, by assessing both reflective control abilities and automatic processing of alcohol‐related stimuli. For this purpose, 25 binge drinkers and 25 comparison participants performed a Go/No‐Go task during electrophysiological recording. Inhibition abilities were investigated during explicit (ie, distinguishing alcoholic versus nonalcoholic drinks) and implicit (ie, distinguishing sparkling versus nonsparkling drinks, independently of their alcohol content) processing of beverage cues. Binge drinkers presented poorer inhibition for the explicit processing of beverage cues, as well as reduced N200 amplitude for the specific processing of alcohol‐related stimuli. As a whole, these findings indicated inhibition impairments in binge drinkers, particularly for alcohol cues processing and at the attentional stage of the cognitive stream. In line with the dual‐process model, these results support that binge drinking is already characterized by an underactivation of the reflective system combined with an overactivation of the automatic system. Results also underlined the influence of explicit processing compared with implicit ones. At the clinical level, our findings reinforce the need to develop intervention methods focusing on the inhibition of approach behaviors towards alcohol‐related stimuli. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 46 (2 UL) The Politics of Church Land Administration: the Case of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem in Ottoman and Mandatory PalestinePapastathis, Konstantinos ; Kark, Ruthin Byzantine & Modern Greek Studies (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL) An efficient approach towards the source-target control of Boolean networksPaul, Soumya ; Su, Cui ; Pang, Jun et alin IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (in press)We study the problem of computing a minimal subset of nodes of a given asynchronous Boolean network that need to be perturbed in a single-step to drive its dynamics from an initial state to a target ... [more ▼]We study the problem of computing a minimal subset of nodes of a given asynchronous Boolean network that need to be perturbed in a single-step to drive its dynamics from an initial state to a target steady state (or attractor), which we call the source-target control of Boolean networks. Due to the phenomenon of state-space explosion, a simple global approach that performs computations on the entire network, may not scale well for large networks. We believe that efficient algorithms for such networks must exploit the structure of the networks together with their dynamics. Taking this view, we derive a decomposition-based solution to the minimal source-target control problem which can be significantly faster than the existing approaches on large networks. We then show that the solution can be further optimised if we take into account appropriate information about the source state. We apply our solutions to both real-life biological networks and randomly generated networks, demonstrating the efficiency and efficacy of our approach. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 UL) South Africa’s incomplete transition towards socio-economic justice: A case study on inequality and populismOwiso, Owiso ; Boshoff, Elsabéin Diritti Umani e Diritto Internazionale (in press)South Africa is currently one of the world’s most unequal countries, with massive income inequality, millions of people living in poverty without access to basic services and amenities, unemployment rates ... [more ▼]South Africa is currently one of the world’s most unequal countries, with massive income inequality, millions of people living in poverty without access to basic services and amenities, unemployment rates consistently above 20% and the top 10% of the population receiving two thirds of the total income. Government economic policies on poverty reduction in the decades since the advent of democracy in South Africa in 1994 have been unable to eradicate the extreme racialised inequality which was the basis of the 342 years of colonialism and apartheid which were characterised by systematic dispossession and socio-economic marginalisation of South Africa’s majority Black population and the systematic privileging of the minority White population. While this history is not the primary focus of this paper, it nonetheless provides useful context. The paper’s primary focus is on the more recent normative and legal challenges of post-1994 South Africa that have resulted in further entrenching socio-economic inequality and contributing to the rise of populism. In this paper we argue that the dire living conditions of a large proportion of the population and disillusionment with the State’s ability to deliver on its promises in this regard, along with the poor implementation of social and economic rights have led to the development of a populist culture in South African politics. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 71 (14 UL) Crowdscapes. Participatory research and the collaborative (re)construction of linguistic landscapes with LingscapePurschke, Christoph in Linguistic Vanguard (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 UL) Visual characterization of associative quasitrivial nondecreasing functions on finite chainsKiss, Gergely in Fuzzy Sets and Systems (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (7 UL) Pension Insecurity and Wellbeing in EuropeOlivera, Javier; Ponomarenko, Valentina in Journal of Social Policy (in press)This paper studies pension insecurity in a sample of non-retired individuals aged 50 years or older from 18 European countries. We capture pension insecurity with the subjective expectations on the ... [more ▼]This paper studies pension insecurity in a sample of non-retired individuals aged 50 years or older from 18 European countries. We capture pension insecurity with the subjective expectations on the probability that the government will reduce the pensions of the individual before retirement or will increase the statutory retirement age. We argue that changes in economic conditions and policy affect the formation of such probabilities, and through this, subjective wellbeing. In particular, we study the effects of pension insecurity on subjective wellbeing with pooled linear models, regressions per quintiles and instrumental variables. We find a statistically significant, stable and negative association between pension insecurity and subjective wellbeing. Our findings reveal that the individuals who are more affected by pension insecurity are those who are further away fromtheir retirement, have lower income, assess their life survival as low, have higher cognitive abilities and do not expect private pension payments. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 116 (5 UL) Interindividual differences in responses to global inequalityReese, Gerhard ; Proch, Jutta; Cohrs, J. Christopherin Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (in press)One of humanity’s most pressing problems is the inequality between people from “developed” and “developing” countries, which counteracts joint efforts to combat other large scale problems. Little is known ... [more ▼]One of humanity’s most pressing problems is the inequality between people from “developed” and “developing” countries, which counteracts joint efforts to combat other large scale problems. Little is known about the psychological antecedents that affect the perception of and behavioral responses to global inequality. Based on, and extending, Duckitt’s (2001) dual-process model, the current research examines psychological antecedents that may explain how people in an industrialized Western country respond to global inequality. In two studies (N1 = 116, N2 = 117), we analyzed the relationship between the Big Five and justice constructs, right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), social dominance orientation (SDO), and behavioral intentions to reduce global inequality. Two-group path analysis revealed support for the dual-process model in that RWA and SDO were important predictors of behavioral intentions and partially acted as mediators between personality and such intentions. Moreover, justice sensitivity explained variance beyond the “classic” DPM variables. In Study 2, we additionally assessed individuals’ global social identification and perceived injustice of global inequality that explained additional variance. Extending previous work on the dual-process model, these findings demonstrate that individual and group-based processes predict people’s responses to global inequality and uncover potentials to promote behavior in the interest of global justice. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 79 (10 UL) Seeing is believing: Gender diversity in STEM is related to mathematics self-conceptNiepel, Christoph ; Stadler, Matthias ; Greiff, Samuel in Journal of Educational Psychology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 146 (5 UL) The functional Breuer-Major theoremNourdin, Ivan ; Nualart, Davidin Probability Theory and Related Fields (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 85 (7 UL) The Matthew Effect in Electoral Campaigns: Increase in Policy Congruence Inequality During the CampaignWalgrave, Stefaan; Lesschaeve, Christophe in Electoral Studies : An International Journal (in press)Previous studies have almost consistently found differences between lower and higher educated voters regarding their policy congruence, the policy position agreement between voters and their party. This ... [more ▼]Previous studies have almost consistently found differences between lower and higher educated voters regarding their policy congruence, the policy position agreement between voters and their party. This study analyses the role of a campaign herein. Based on novel panel evidence with an extensive battery of policy statements, combined with a survey of party leaders using the same items, we find that, more than the lowly educated, the highly educated profit from the campaign to increase their policy congruence. The reason for the increased inequality is that the later switch parties more often during the campaign than the former. Our evidence also suggests that the higher educated switch parties because this may increase their policy congruence. In sum, the campaign produces a Matthew effect. Those already having a higher policy congruence increase their congruence even further, while those with a lower congruence to start with, do not make any significant progress. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 107 (4 UL) How some bankers made a million by trading just two securities?Rinne, Kalle ; Suominen, Matti in Journal of Empirical Finance (in press)We study a pair trading strategy that utilizes short-term return reversals in the stock market. Using U.S. data, we show that returns to our pair trading strategy exceed reasonable estimates for ... [more ▼]We study a pair trading strategy that utilizes short-term return reversals in the stock market. Using U.S. data, we show that returns to our pair trading strategy exceed reasonable estimates for transaction costs. The strategy also generates positive alpha when controlling for the standard risk factors. Second, using transaction level data from Finland, focusing on a popular pair, we provide evidence that these kinds of pair trading returns are compensation from providing liquidity. On the days when the expected returns to our pair trading strategy are the highest, the trading volume is abnormally high and, judging from active brokers’ net trades, nearly 45% of all brokers (or their customers) engage in pair trading in accordance with our trading strategy. These brokers are mainly counterparties to few brokers that trade large quantities of stocks inconsistent with our strategy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 114 (11 UL) The ICO Goldrush - A challenge for RegulatorsZetzsche, Dirk Andreas ; Buckley, R; Arner, D. et alin Harvard International Law Journal (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 117 (9 UL) Structural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in France and GermanyBatyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier et alin German Economic Review (in press)The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. A model with an imperfectly competitive labor market allows us to consider also the effects of ... [more ▼]The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. A model with an imperfectly competitive labor market allows us to consider also the effects of bargaining power and of matching efficiency on pre-retirement. We find that lower bargaining power of workers and declining matching efficiency have been important determinants of early retirement in France and Germany. These structural changes, combined with early-retirement transfers and population aging, are also consistent with the employment and unemployment rates, labor share and seniority premia. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 105 (9 UL) A Note on Stein’s Overreaction PuzzleLin, Yuehao; Lehnert, Thorsten in Decisions in Economics and Finance (in press)Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical ... [more ▼]Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical results are in line with their argument that the variance under risk-neutral measure is more persistent than the variance under physical measure due to a negative variance risk premium. But our results do not support their argument that the more persistent variance is able to qualitatively explain Stein’s findings. We show theoretically that the persistence of the volatility cannot amplify the movements of long-term variance to short-term fluctuations in variance, and, therefore, conclude that Stein’s overreaction puzzle is still unsolved. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 UL) Multiple Sets Exponential Concentration and Higher Order EigenvaluesGozlan, Nathael; Herry, Ronan in Potential Analysis (in press)On a generic metric measured space, we introduce a notion of improved concentration of measure that takes into account the parallel enlargement of k distinct sets. We show that the k-th eigenvalues of the ... [more ▼]On a generic metric measured space, we introduce a notion of improved concentration of measure that takes into account the parallel enlargement of k distinct sets. We show that the k-th eigenvalues of the metric Laplacian gives exponential improved concentration with k sets. On compact Riemannian manifolds, this allows us to recover estimates on the eigenvalues of the Laplace-Beltrami operator in the spirit of an inequality of Chung, Grigor’yan & Yau, Upper bounds for eigenvalues of the discrete and continuous Laplace operators. Adv. Math. 117(2), 165–178 (1996). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 69 (4 UL) Contact between shear-deformable beams with elliptical cross-sectionsMagliulo, Marco ; Zilian, Andreas ; Beex, Lars in Acta Mechanica (in press)Slender constituents are present in many structures and materials. In associated mechanical models, each slender constituent is often described with a beam. Contact between beams is essential to ... [more ▼]Slender constituents are present in many structures and materials. In associated mechanical models, each slender constituent is often described with a beam. Contact between beams is essential to incorporate in mechanical models, but associated contact frameworks are only demonstrated to work for beams with circular cross-sections. Only two studies have shown the ability to treat contact between beams with elliptical cross-sections, but those frameworks are limited to point-wise contact, which narrows their applicability. This contribution presents initial results of a framework for shear-deformable beams with elliptical cross-sections if contact occurs along a line or at an area (instead of at a point). This is achieved by integrating a penalty potential over one of the beams’ surfaces. Simo-Reissner Geometrically Exact Beam (GEB) elements are employed to discretise each beam. As the surface of an assembly of such beam elements is discontinuous, a smoothed surface is introduced to formulate the contact kinematics. This enables the treatment of contact for large sliding displacements and substantial deformations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 56 (6 UL) Constant Gauss curvature foliations of AdS spacetimes with particlesSchlenker, Jean-Marc ; chen, qiyuin Transactions of the American Mathematical Society (in press)We prove that for any convex globally hyperbolic maximal (GHM) anti-de Sitter (AdS) 3-dimensional space-time N with particles (cone singularities of angles less than π along time-like curves), the ... [more ▼]We prove that for any convex globally hyperbolic maximal (GHM) anti-de Sitter (AdS) 3-dimensional space-time N with particles (cone singularities of angles less than π along time-like curves), the complement of the convex core in N admits a unique foliation by constant Gauss curvature surfaces. This extends, and provides a new proof of, a result of \cite{BBZ2}. We also describe a parametrization of the space of convex GHM AdS metrics on a given manifold, with particles of given angles, by the product of two copies of the Teichm\"uller space of hyperbolic metrics with cone singularities of fixed angles. Finally, we use the results on K-surfaces to extend to hyperbolic surfaces with cone singularities of angles less than π a number of results concerning landslides, which are smoother analogs of earthquakes sharing some of their key properties. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 UL) Across the Waves: How the United States and France shaped the International Age of Radio (book review)Legay, Richard in Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL) Integrated Analyses of Microbiome and Longitudinal Metabolome Data Reveal Microbial-Host Interactions on Sulfur Metabolism in Parkinson’s DiseaseHertel, Johannes; Harms, Amy C.; Heinken, Almut et alin Cell Reports (in press)Parkinson’s disease (PD) exhibits systemic effects on human metabolism with emerging roles for the gut microbiome. Here, we integrated longitudinal metabolome data from 30 drug-naïve, de-novo PD patients ... [more ▼]Parkinson’s disease (PD) exhibits systemic effects on human metabolism with emerging roles for the gut microbiome. Here, we integrated longitudinal metabolome data from 30 drug-naïve, de-novo PD patients and 30 matched controls with constraint-based modeling of gut microbial communities derived from an independent, drug-naïve PD cohort, and prospective data from a general population. Our key results are i) longitudinal trajectory of metabolites associated with the interconversion of methionine and cysteine via cystathionine differed between PD patients and controls, ii) dopaminergic medication showed strong lipidomic signatures, iii) taurine-conjugated bile acids correlated with the severity of motor symptoms, while low levels of sulfated taurolithocholate were associated with incident PD in the general population, and iv) computational modeling predicted changes in sulfur metabolism, driven by A. muciniphila and B. wadsworthia, consistent with the changed metabolome. In conclusion, the multi-omics integration revealed PD-specific patterns in microbial-host sulfur co-metabolism that may contribute to PD severity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 71 (11 UL) A Meta-Analysis of Viewing Time Measures of Sexual Interest in ChildrenSchmidt, Alexander F. ; Babchishin, Kelly M.; Lehmann, Robert J. B.in Archives of Sexual Behavior (in press)Due to unobtrusiveness and ease of implementation, viewing time (VT) measures of sexual interest in children have sparked increasing research interest in forensic contexts over the last two decades. The ... [more ▼]Due to unobtrusiveness and ease of implementation, viewing time (VT) measures of sexual interest in children have sparked increasing research interest in forensic contexts over the last two decades. The current study presents two meta-analyses of VT measures adapted to assess pedophilic interest to determine their discrimination between sexual offenders against children (SOC) and non-SOC groups as well as convergent validity (associations with other measures of sexual interest in children). On average, VT measures showed moderate discrimination between criterion groups (fixed-effect d = 0.60, 95% CI [0.51, 0.68], N = 2,705, k = 14) and significant convergent validity with self-reports, penile plethysmography, Implicit Association Tests and offence behavioral measures ranging from r =.18 to r = .38. VT measures, however, provided better discrimination for adults (fixed-effect d = 0.78, 95% CI [0.64, 0.92]) than adolescent samples (fixed-effect d = 0.50, 95% CI [0.40, 0.61]), Qbetween = 9.37, p = .002. Moreover, using pedophilic difference scores within adult samples substantially increased VT measures’ validity (fixed-effect d = 1.03, 95% CI [0.82, 1.25], N = 414, k = 7). Results are discussed in terms of their theoretical and applied implications for forensic contexts. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 141 (2 UL) Mentalization and Criterion A of the AMPD: Results from a clinical and nonclinical sampleZettl, M.; Volkert, J.; Vögele, Claus et alin Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment (in press)Objective: Criterion A of the alternative model for the classification of personality disorders in the DSM-5 introduced the Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS), a dimensional model for the ... [more ▼]Objective: Criterion A of the alternative model for the classification of personality disorders in the DSM-5 introduced the Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS), a dimensional model for the assessment of impairments in self and interpersonal functioning. The LPFS was developed based on a review of different measures of personality functioning, such as the Reflective Functioning Scale, a measure of mentalizing. This study investigated the empirical overlap between LPFS and mentalization. Methods: The study sample included adult inpatients (n = 55) with a mental disorder and a healthy adult control group (n = 55). All participants were examined regarding the LPFS using the Semi-Structured Interview for Personality Functioning DSM-5 (STiP-5.1); mentalizing was assessed with the Brief Reflective Functioning Interview and coded with the Reflective Functioning Scale. We used structural equation modeling to investigate the relationship between LPFS domains and mentalization. Correlation analysis was used to examine the agreement between interview-rated LPFS and self-report measures of personality dysfunction. Results: All domains of the LPFS were significantly related to mentalizing. Interview-rated LPFS was significantly associated with self-reported personality dysfunction. Conclusion: The findings support the notion that the LPFS and mentalization share a strong conceptual and operational overlap by demonstrating that both constructs are empirically interrelated. The results yield further support for the validity of the LPFS as a dimensional model for the assessment of personality disorder severity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 UL) Discursivité des sorcières au XXe siècle, ou l’émancipation par les figures des margesBarthelmebs-Raguin, Hélène in French Studies (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 UL) Diversifizierung von Kindertagesbetreuungsangeboten durch mixed economy of care: Eine vergleichende Perspektive aus Luxemburg und Deutschland.Schmitz, Anett ; Wiltzius, Martine ; Mierendorff, Johannain Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation = Journal for Sociology of Education and Socialization (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 42 (9 UL) De quoi les Conseils nationaux de la productivité sont-ils le nom ? Contribution à la réflexion sur le sens de la gouvernance économique européenne et ses effets sur l’administration nationaleRassafi-Guibal, Hicham in Europe (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 45 (1 UL) Recent Results on Douglas–Rachford Methods for Combinatorial Optimization ProblemsAragón Artacho, Francisco Javier ; Borwein, J. M.; Tam, M. K.in Journal of Optimization Theory & Applications (in press)We discuss recent positive experiences applying convex feasibility algorithms of Douglas-Rachford type to highly combinatorial and far from convex problems.Detailed reference viewed: 120 (14 UL) A Generic Approach for Solving Nonlinear-Discrete Security-Constrained Optimal Power Flow Problems in Large-Scale SystemsPlatbrood, Ludovic; Capitanescu, Florin ; Merckx, Christian et alin IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (in press)This paper proves the practicality of an iterative algorithm for solving realistic large-scale SCOPF problems. This algorithm is based on the combination of a contingency filtering scheme, used to ... [more ▼]This paper proves the practicality of an iterative algorithm for solving realistic large-scale SCOPF problems. This algorithm is based on the combination of a contingency filtering scheme, used to identify the binding contingencies at the optimum, and a network compression method, used to reduce the complexity of the post-contingency models included in the SCOPF formulation. We show that by combining these two complementary ideas, it is possible to solve in a reasonable time SCOPF problems on large power system models with a large number of contingencies. Unlike most results reported for large-scale SCOPF problems, our algorithm uses a non-linear AC network model in both pre-contingency and post-contingency states, optimizes both active/reactive powers flows jointly, and treats the discrete variables. The proposed algorithm is implemented with state-of-the-art solvers and applied to two systems: a national grid with 2563 buses and 1297 contingencies, and a model of the European transmission network with 9241 buses and 12000 contingencies. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 273 (12 UL) Family income and material deprivation: do they matter for sleep quality and quantity in early life? Evidence from a longitudinal study.Barazzetta, Marta ; Ghislandi, Simonein Sleep (in press)Study Objectives: The aim of the present paper is to investigate the determinants of sleeping patterns in children up to age 9 on a large and geographically homogeneous sample of British children and ... [more ▼]Study Objectives: The aim of the present paper is to investigate the determinants of sleeping patterns in children up to age 9 on a large and geographically homogeneous sample of British children and parents, focusing in particular on the role of economic and social factors, specifically on income. Methods: The data of this study come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a long-term health research project that recruited over 14,000 pregnant women who were due to give birth between April 1991 and December 1992 in Bristol and its surrounding areas, including some of Somerset and Gloucestershire. Logistic regression models for the sleep problems dummies and log-linear models for the sleep quantity. Results: One additional item in the material deprivation index is associated to an increase of around 10% to 20% in the odds of having at least one sleep problem. Similarly, children from the richest families are less likely to have any sleep problem up to 115 months (around 20% reduction in the odds). Mother’s characteristics (i.e. education and mental health in the pregnancy period) are also significant predictors. Sleep quantity does not vary much and is not sensitive to socioeconomic factors. Conclusion: Exposure to income-related inequalities affects child sleep. Further research is needed in order to understand if sleep in early life influence future health and economic trajectories. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 101 (0 UL) Central Banks and Regulation of CryptocurrenciesNabilou, Hossein ; Prüm, André in Review of Banking & Financial Law (in press)This paper explores the interface between central banks and cryptocurrencies. Focusing on the European Central Bank (ECB), it identifies the potential threats that the rise of cryptocurrencies would pose ... [more ▼]This paper explores the interface between central banks and cryptocurrencies. Focusing on the European Central Bank (ECB), it identifies the potential threats that the rise of cryptocurrencies would pose to the basic and ancillary tasks of the ECB, in particular, its monetary policy operations and the exercise of its supervisory functions over credit institutions and payment systems. The paper finds that cryptocurrencies can potentially have both direct – through their potential impact on the price stability and monetary policy, and central banks’ monopoly over issuing base money – and indirect effects on central banks, mainly through the institutions and systems that fall under the ECB’s scope of competence. To address the challenges posed by cryptocurrencies, the ECB may take both legal (including supervisory and oversight) measures and non-legal (or technical) measures. With respect to technical measures, the ECB - to the extent falling within the scope of its competence - may focus on improving the efficiency of existing payment systems and addressing the existing frictions in market infrastructures to indirectly affect the cryptocurrency markets. Alternatively, it can venture into issuing Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). Regarding legal measures, central banks could envisage regulating cryptocurrencies either directly or indirectly. However, as the most significant potential impact of cryptocurrencies on central banks is likely to be indirect through the impact of cryptocurrencies on the banking and payment systems, and given the limitations on the ECB’s mandate and its regulatory and supervisory tools, it is apposite for the ECB to consider using indirect strategies and tools to influence cryptocurrency markets. This indirect approach can be implemented through the ECB’s existing supervisory and oversight powers over the banking and payment systems. This paper specifies the direct and indirect measures and assesses their merits in addressing the concerns about cryptocurrencies. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 99 (5 UL) Innovation Search Strategy and Predictable ReturnsFitzgerald, Tristan; Balsmeier, Benjamin ; Fleming, Lee et alin Management Science (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 96 (2 UL) Boundlessly Entangled: Travels and Performances of School Hygiene in the Context of Open-Air Education (c. 1904-1936)Thyssen, Geert in Canadian Bulletin of Medical History (in press)This article develops a histoire croisée of health education using the example of open-air schools. It reflexively analyses the entangled performances of knowledge and praxis around hygiene in the context ... [more ▼]This article develops a histoire croisée of health education using the example of open-air schools. It reflexively analyses the entangled performances of knowledge and praxis around hygiene in the context of “international” open-air school conferences and in relation to “materials” of open-air education. Such performances reveal open-air schools as “practice and movement” unbound by “national” or otherwise imagined borders. Fragmentation accompanied their circulation and ensued from non/humans’ active, co-constitutive role in the mediation of knowledge and praxis. While underexplored, material and economic factors were key to this process. Their analysis enriches the study of the “internationalization” of school hygiene. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 49 (8 UL) Joint Precoding and On-Board Beamforming for Multiple gateway Multibeam Satellite SystemsJoroughi, Vahid in Submitted to IEEE Journal on Selected topic in Communication (JSAC) (in press)This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming of a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system, either in a hybrid space-ground mode, or in a totally on-board one. In such an ... [more ▼]This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming of a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system, either in a hybrid space-ground mode, or in a totally on-board one. In such an architecture, with employing high throughput full frequency reuse pattern over both user and feeder links, each gateway serves a cluster of adjacent beams such that the adjacent clusters are served through a set of gateways that are located at different geographical areas. However, such a system brings in two challenges to overcome. First, the interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and applying interference mitigation techniques becomes necessary. Second, as the data demand increases, the ground and space segments should employ extensive bandwidth resources in the feeder link accordingly. This entails embedding an extra number of gateways aiming to support a fair balance between the increasing demand and the corresponding required feeder link resources. To solve these problems, this study investigates the impact of employing a joint multiple gateway architecture and on-board beamforming scheme. It is shown that by properly designing the on-board beamforming scheme, the number of gateways can be kept affordable even if the data demand increases. Moreover, Zero Forcing (ZF) precoding techniques are considered to cope with the interference in both user and feeder links which embed in the following premises: (i) each gateway constructs a part of block ZF precoding matrix, (ii) the satellite and gateways perform the precoding scheme, and (iii) a joint design of ZF precoding and on-board beamforming at the payload of the satellite so that no signal processing scheme is conceived at the gateways. The provided simulation results depict the performance gain obtained by our proposed schemes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 207 (32 UL) Applications of convex analysis within mathematicsAragón Artacho, Francisco Javier ; Borwein, J. M.; Martín-Márquez, V. et alin Mathematical Programming (in press)In this paper, we study convex analysis and its theoretical applications. We first apply important tools of convex analysis to Optimization and to Analysis. We then show various deep applications of ... [more ▼]In this paper, we study convex analysis and its theoretical applications. We first apply important tools of convex analysis to Optimization and to Analysis. We then show various deep applications of convex analysis and especially infimal convolution in Monotone Operator Theory. Among other things, we recapture the Minty surjectivity theorem in Hilbert space, and present a new proof of the sum theorem in reflexive spaces. More technically, we also discuss autoconjugate representers for maximally monotone operators. Finally, we consider various other applications in mathematical analysis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 193 (23 UL) A Survey of Challenges for Runtime Verification from Advanced Application Domains (Beyond Software)Sánchez, César; Schneider, Gerardo; Ahrendt, Wolfgang et alin Formal Methods in System Design (in press)Runtime verification is an area of formal methods that studies the dynamic analysis of execution traces against formal specifications. Typically, the two main activities in runtime verification efforts ... [more ▼]Runtime verification is an area of formal methods that studies the dynamic analysis of execution traces against formal specifications. Typically, the two main activities in runtime verification efforts are the process of creating monitors from specifications, and the algorithms for the evaluation of traces against the generated monitors. Other activities involve the instrumentation of the system to generate the trace and the communication between the system under analysis and the monitor. Most of the applications in runtime verification have been focused on the dynamic analysis of software, even though there are many more potential applications to other computational devices and target systems. In this paper we present a collection of challenges for runtime verification extracted from concrete application domains, focusing on the difficulties that must be overcome to tackle these specific challenges. The computational models that characterize these domains require to devise new techniques beyond the current state of the art in runtime verification. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 UL) Religious Affiliation and Attitudes Towards Gay Men: On the Mediating Role of Masculinity ThreatReese, Gerhard ; Steffens, Melanie C.; Jonas, Kai J.in Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 103 (7 UL) The Role of Commercial Radio Stations in the Media Vacuum of Mai 68 in ParisLegay, Richard in VIEW Journal of European Television History and Culture (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 UL) The Integration Between National and International Regulation of Space Resources Activities Under Public International LawSalmeri, Antonino in Journal of Space Law (in press), 43(1), In light of the current tendency of regulating space resources activities through national legislation, this article addresses the validity of such emerging practice under Public International Law (PIL ... [more ▼]In light of the current tendency of regulating space resources activities through national legislation, this article addresses the validity of such emerging practice under Public International Law (PIL). To this end, the article first recalls the traditional debate between Monism and Dualism about the relationship between municipal and international law. This analysis is further completed by focusing also on the counter-position between two cornerstones of PIL, the principles of State sovereignty and Pacta Sunt Servanda. Next, the article assesses the exposure of national law “integrating” international law, focusing on ex post conflicts between the two sources as regulated by Article 27 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Accordingly, the article will show that States not willing to adapt their national laws will have to face international responsibility under the Draft Articles on State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts. Based on the above, the article then presents the related legal consequences, both at the international and national levels. Finally, the article closes by assessing the role of interpretative declarations and the defense of persistent objector as possible legal tools for dissenting States. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL) Students' immigration background as a moderator of predictive validity of tracking decisions.Klapproth, Florian ; Schaltz, Paule in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 122 (19 UL) e3-service: an ontology for needs-driven real-world service bundling in a multi-supplier settingDe Kinderen, Sybren ; de Leenheer, Pieter; Gordijn, Jaap et alin Applied Ontology (in press)Businesses increasingly offer their services electronically via the Web. Take for example an Internet Service Provider. An ISP offers a variety of services, including raw bandwidth, IP connectivity, and ... [more ▼]Businesses increasingly offer their services electronically via the Web. Take for example an Internet Service Provider. An ISP offers a variety of services, including raw bandwidth, IP connectivity, and Domain Name resolution. Although in some cases a single service already satisfies a customer need, in many situations a customer need is so complex that a bundle of services is needed to satisfy the need, as with the ISP example. In principle, each service in a bundle can be provisioned by a different supplier. This paper proposes an ontology, e3service , that can be used to formally capture customer needs, services, and multisupplier service bundles of these. In addition, this paper contributes a process called PCM2 to reason with the ontology. First, a customer need is identified for which desired consequences are elicited. Then, the desired set of consequences is matched with consequences associated with services. The matching process results in a service bundle, satisfying the customer need, containing services that each can be provided by different suppliers. PCM2 is inspired by a family of formal reasoning methods called Propose-Critique-Modify (PCM). However, whereas PCM methods emphasize solution generation from a given set of requirements, our reasoning process treats the space of requirements as a first class citizen. Hence PCM2 : the requirements space and solution space are equally important. How the reasoning and matching process practically works, is illustrated by an industry strength case study in the healthcare domain. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 155 (14 UL) Continuous Breuer-Major theorem: tightness and non-stationarityCampese, Simon ; Nourdin, Ivan ; Nualart, Davidin Annals of Probability (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 51 (5 UL) Development of a Cued Pro- and Antisaccade Paradigm: An Indirect Measure to Explore Automatic Components of Sexual InterestOberlader, Verena A.; Ettinger, Ulrich; Banse, Rainer et alin Archives of Sexual Behavior (in press)We developed a cued pro- and antisaccade paradigm (CPAP) to explore automatic components of sexual interest. Heterosexual participants (n = 32 women, n = 25 men) had to perform fast eye movements towards ... [more ▼]We developed a cued pro- and antisaccade paradigm (CPAP) to explore automatic components of sexual interest. Heterosexual participants (n = 32 women, n = 25 men) had to perform fast eye movements towards and away from sexually relevant or irrelevant stimuli across a congruent (i.e. prosaccade towards sexually relevant stimuli, antisaccade away from sexually irrelevant stimuli) and an incongruent condition (i.e. prosaccade towards sexually irrelevant stimuli, antisaccade away from sexually relevant stimuli). We hypothesized that pro- and antisaccade performance would be influenced by the sexual interest-specific relevance of the presented stimulus (i.e., nude female or male stimulus) and the instructed task (i.e., pro- or antisaccade) and, thus, differ meaningfully between conditions. Results for prosaccades towards sexually relevant stimuli in the congruent condition showed that error rates were lower and latencies were shorter compared with prosaccades towards sexually irrelevant stimuli in the incongruent condition, but only for male participants. In addition, error rates for antisaccades away from sexually irrelevant stimuli in the congruent condition were lower than for antisaccades away from sexually relevant stimuli in the incongruent condition, for both female and male participants. Latencies of antisaccades, however, did not differ between conditions. In comparison with established indirect sexual interest paradigms, the CPAP benefits from measuring highly automated processes less prone to deliberate control. To this end, the CPAP could be applied to explore the interplay of early automatic and deliberate components of sexual information processing. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 110 (1 UL) Gradient Estimates on Dirichlet and Neumann EigenfunctionsArnaudon, Marc; Thalmaier, Anton ; Wang, Feng-Yuin International Mathematics Research Notices (in press)By methods of stochastic analysis on Riemannian manifolds, we derive explicit two-sided gradient estimates for Dirichlet eigenfunctions on a d-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold D with boundary ... [more ▼]By methods of stochastic analysis on Riemannian manifolds, we derive explicit two-sided gradient estimates for Dirichlet eigenfunctions on a d-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold D with boundary. Corresponding two-sided gradient estimates for Neumann eigenfunctions are derived in the second part of the paper. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 310 (84 UL) A minimal realization technique for the dynamical structure function of a class of LTI systemsGoncalves, Jorge ; Yuan, Ye; Rai, Anurag et alin IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 197 (10 UL) Characterization of field homomorphisms through Pexiderized functional equationsGselmann, Eszter; Kiss, Gergely ; Vincze, Csabain Journal of Difference Equations and Applications (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 39 (6 UL) Möglichkeiten statistischer Erhebungen für politische Strategien – Eine psychologische Deutung der Naturbewusstseinsstudie 2011Reese, Gerhard in BfN-Skripten (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 UL) A remark on Schröder's equation: Formal and analytic linearization of iterative roots of the power series f(z)=zReich, Ludwig; Tomaschek, Jörg in Monatshefte für Mathematik (in press)We study Schröder’s equation (i.e. the problem of linearization) for local analytic functions F with F (0)=0, F(0)=1, F(0) a root of 1. While Schröder’s equation in this case need not have even a formal ... [more ▼]We study Schröder’s equation (i.e. the problem of linearization) for local analytic functions F with F (0)=0, F(0)=1, F(0) a root of 1. While Schröder’s equation in this case need not have even a formal solution, we show that if F is formally linearizable, then it can also be linearized by an invertible local analytic transformation. On the other hand, there exist also divergent series solutions of Schröder’s equation in this situation. We give some applications of our results to iterative functional equations, functional-differential equations and iteration groups. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 85 (12 UL) A Bayesian framework to identify random parameter fields based on the copula theorem and Gaussian fields: Application to polycrystalline materialsRappel, Hussein ; Wu, Ling; Noels, Ludovic et alin Journal of Applied Mechanics (in press)For many models of solids, we frequently assume that the material parameters do not vary in space, nor that they vary from one product realization to another. If the length scale of the application ... [more ▼]For many models of solids, we frequently assume that the material parameters do not vary in space, nor that they vary from one product realization to another. If the length scale of the application approaches the length scale of the micro-structure however, spatially fluctuating parameter fi elds (which vary from one realization of the fi eld to another) can be incorporated to make the model capture the stochasticity of the underlying micro-structure. Randomly fluctuating parameter fields are often described as Gaussian fields. Gaussian fi elds however assume that the probability density function of a material parameter at a given location is a univariate Gaussian distribution. This entails for instance that negative parameter values can be realized, whereas most material parameters have physical bounds (e.g. the Young's modulus cannot be negative). In this contribution, randomly fluctuating parameter fi elds are therefore described using the copula theorem and Gaussian fi elds, which allow di fferent types of univariate marginal distributions to be incorporated, but with the same correlation structure as Gaussian fields. It is convenient to keep the Gaussian correlation structure, as it allows us to draw samples from Gaussian fi elds and transform them into the new random fields. The bene fit of this approach is that any type of univariate marginal distribution can be incorporated. If the selected univariate marginal distribution has bounds, unphysical material parameter values will never be realized. We then use Bayesian inference to identify the distribution parameters (which govern the random fi eld). Bayesian inference regards the parameters that are to be identi fied as random variables and requires a user-defi ned prior distribution of the parameters to which the observations are inferred. For the homogenized Young's modulus of a columnar polycrystalline material of interest in this study, the results show that with a relatively wide prior (i.e. a prior distribution without strong assumptions), a single specimen is su ciffient to accurately recover the distribution parameter values. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (3 UL) Concentration bounds for geometric Poisson functionals: logarithmic Sobolev inequalities revisitedPeccati, Giovanni ; Bachmann, Saschain Electronic Journal of Probability (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 146 (11 UL) Competition Numbers, Quasi-Line Graphs and HolesMcKay, Brendan; Schweitzer, Pascal; Schweitzer, Patrick in SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics (in press)The competition graph of an acyclic directed graph D is the undirected graph on the same vertex set as D in which two distinct vertices are adjacent if they have a common out-neighbor in D. The ... [more ▼]The competition graph of an acyclic directed graph D is the undirected graph on the same vertex set as D in which two distinct vertices are adjacent if they have a common out-neighbor in D. The competition number of an undirected graph G is the least number of isolated vertices that have to be added to G to make it the competition graph of an acyclic directed graph. We resolve two conjectures concerning competition graphs. First we prove a conjecture of Opsut by showing that the competition number of every quasi-line graph is at most 2. Recall that a quasi-line graph, also called a locally co-bipartite graph, is a graph for which the neighborhood of every vertex can be partitioned into at most two cliques. To prove this conjecture we devise an alternative characterization of quasi-line graphs to the one by Chudnovsky and Seymour. Second, we prove a conjecture of Kim by showing that the competition number of any graph is at most one greater than the number of holes in the graph. Our methods also allow us to prove a strengthened form of this conjecture recently proposed by Kim, Lee, Park and Sano, showing that the competition number of any graph is at most one greater than the dimension of the subspace of the cycle space spanned by the holes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 145 (7 UL) High-performance modeling of concrete ageingHabera, Michal ; Zilian, Andreas in Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (in press)Long-term behaviour of concrete structural elements is very important for evaluation of its health and serviceability range. The phenomena that must be considered are complex and lead to coupled ... [more ▼]Long-term behaviour of concrete structural elements is very important for evaluation of its health and serviceability range. The phenomena that must be considered are complex and lead to coupled multiphysics formulations. Such formulations are difficult not only from physical perspective, but also from computational perspective. In this contribution attention to computational efficiency and effective implementation is payed. Presented model for concrete ageing is based on microprestress-solidification (MPS) theory of Bazant [1], Kunzel’s model for heat and moisture transport [2] and Mazars model for damage [3]. Ageing linear viscoelastic response, which is immanent to MPS theory and concrete creep, leads to ordinary differetial equation for internal variables solved for every quadrature/nodal point. Numerical structure of the finite element discretisation is examined. Few simplifications on physical model lead to a very efficient linear algebra problem for which standard preconditioned Krylov solvers are reviewed. In parallel, weak and strong scaling tests are performed. All results are produced within open-source finite element framework FEniCS [4]. These models are usually a basis for more involved thermo-hygro-chemo-mechanical (THCM) models with migrating chemical species. It is anticipated, that presented results will help practitioners or other structural engineerers with the choice of suitable and efficient methods for long-term concrete modeling. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 81 (9 UL) Labour, Gender and Ethnicities in the 'Heart of Manila'Espinosa, Shirlita Africa in Journal of Sociology (in press)Manila, like most cities in the developing world, is experiencing the effects of the flexibility of global capital and the consequences of being excluded from the flows of knowledge and finance. Quaipo ... [more ▼]Manila, like most cities in the developing world, is experiencing the effects of the flexibility of global capital and the consequences of being excluded from the flows of knowledge and finance. Quaipo, the 'heart of Manila', has responded to and negotiates with macroeconomic challenges through the underground economy of media piracy. Given the increase in population, unemployment and the general degradation of urban living amongst the poor, the economy of piracy has become a conduit of socio-economic changes that intersect with the culture-specific economy of worship. Quiapo is a fascinating terrain of Manilenos social history; it is the site of class tension, religious and ethnic divide, state intervention, and urban culture. Today, piracy and worship are forces by which the district's inhabitants and pilgrims define their lives and their labour. This essay examines how piracy and worship impact on the labour, space and gender dynamics of Quiapo. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 161 (5 UL) Managing Strategic Inventories under Investment in Process ImprovementMantin, Benny ; Veldman, Jasperin European Journal of Operational Research (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 95 (0 UL) The fourth moment theorem on the Poisson spaceDöbler, Christian ; Peccati, Giovanni in Annals of Probability (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 312 (25 UL) Engineered Communities: Industry-Related Open-Air Schools Forging Common Identities and Forms of Citizenship? (c. 1913-1963)Thyssen, Geert in History of Education & children's Literature (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 50 (7 UL) University competition and transnational education: the choice of branch campusTampieri, Alessandro ; Poyago-Theotoky, Joannain B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 146 (5 UL) Bankruptcy protection in airline markets: Does the impact vary in international and US domestic markets?Mantin, Benny ; Forsyth, Peter; Bock, Sebastian et alin Transportation Research. Part A, General (in press)We study the effects of Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on competitive product pricing in both domestic and international markets using data from the airline industry. We find a decline of about 5% in ... [more ▼]We study the effects of Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on competitive product pricing in both domestic and international markets using data from the airline industry. We find a decline of about 5% in domestic markets and an even more significant drop in international markets. Further, in international markets the competing carriers respond by dropping their prices as well, whereas they slightly increase them domestically. By contrast, existing literature considers only domestic markets finding a more moderate fare drop of about 3% in domestic markets by the bankrupt carrier, with mixed results on the fare drop by competitors. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (5 UL) Safety-aware Location Privacy in VANET: Evaluation and ComparisonEmara, Karim Ahmed Awad El-Sayed in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (in press)VANET safety applications broadcast cooperative awareness messages (CAM) periodically to provide vehicles with continuous updates about the surrounding traffic. The periodicity and the spatiotemporal ... [more ▼]VANET safety applications broadcast cooperative awareness messages (CAM) periodically to provide vehicles with continuous updates about the surrounding traffic. The periodicity and the spatiotemporal information contained in these messages allow a global adversary to track vehicle movements. Many privacy schemes have been proposed for VANET, but only few schemes consider their impact on safety applications. Also, each scheme is evaluated using inconsistent metrics and unrealistic vehicle traces, which makes comparing the actual performance of different schemes in the wild more difficult. In this paper, we aim to fill this gap and compare different privacy schemes not only in terms of the privacy gained but also their impact on safety applications. A distortion-based privacy metric is initially proposed and compared with other popular privacy metrics showing its effectiveness in measuring privacy. A practical safety metric which is based on Monte Carlo analysis is then proposed to measure the QoS of two safety applications: forward collision warning and lane change warning. Using realistic vehicle traces, six state-of-the-art VANET privacy schemes are evaluated and compared in terms of the proposed privacy and safety metrics. Among the evaluated schemes, it was found that the coordinated silent period scheme achieves the best privacy and QoS levels but fully synchronized silence among all vehicles is a practical challenge. The CAPS and CADS schemes provide a practical compromise between privacy and safety since they employ only the necessary silence periods to prevent tracking and avoid changing pseudonyms in trivial situations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 171 (16 UL) En mots et en images : le corps à l’œuvre chez Annie ErnauxBarthelmebs-Raguin, Hélène in Sens Public (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 UL) Nitsche’s method for two and three dimensional NURBS patch couplingNguyen, Vinh-Phu; Kerfriden, Pierre; Brino, Marco et alin Computational Mechanics (in press)We present a Nitche’s method to couple non-conforming two and three-dimensional NURBS (Non Uniform Rational B-splines) patches in the context of isogeometric analysis (IGA). We present results for linear ... [more ▼]We present a Nitche’s method to couple non-conforming two and three-dimensional NURBS (Non Uniform Rational B-splines) patches in the context of isogeometric analysis (IGA). We present results for linear elastostatics in two and and three-dimensions. The method can deal with surface-surface or volume-volume coupling, and we show how it can be used to handle heterogeneities such as inclusions. We also present preliminary results on modal analysis. This simple coupling method has the potential to increase the applicability of NURBS-based isogeometric analysis for practical applications. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 897 (66 UL) Mixed-fleet single-terminal bus scheduling problem: Modelling, solution scheme and potential applicationsRinaldi, Marco ; Picarelli, Erika ; D'Ariano, Andrea et alin Omega: the International Journal of Management Science (in press)Reducing pollutant emissions and promoting sustainable mobility solutions, including Public Transport (PT), are increasingly becoming key objectives for policymakers worldwide. In this work we develop an ... [more ▼]Reducing pollutant emissions and promoting sustainable mobility solutions, including Public Transport (PT), are increasingly becoming key objectives for policymakers worldwide. In this work we develop an optimal vehicle scheduling approach for next generation PT systems, considering the instance of mixed electric / hybrid fleet. Our objective is that of investigating to what extent electrification, coupled with optimal fleet management, can yield operational cost savings for PT operators. We propose a Mixed In- teger Linear Program (MILP) to address the problem of optimal scheduling of a mixed fleet of electric and hybrid / non-electric buses, coupled with an ad-hoc decomposition scheme aimed at enhancing the scalability of the proposed MILP. Two case studies arising from the PT network of the city of Luxem- bourg are employed in order to validate the model; sensitivity analysis to fleet design parameters is performed, specifically in terms of fleet size and fleet composition. Conclusions point to the fact that careful modelling and handling of mixed-fleet conditions are necessary to achieve operational savings, and that marginal savings gradually reduce as more conventional buses are replaced by their electric counterparts. We believe the methodology proposed may be a key part of advanced decision support systems for policymakers and operators that are dealing with the on-going transition from conventional bus fleets towards greener transport solutions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (4 UL) On the comprehensibility and perceived privacy protection of indirect questioning techniquesHoffmann, Adrian; Waubert de Puiseau, Berenike; Schmidt, Alexander F. et alin Behavior Research Methods (in press)On surveys that assess sensitive personal attributes, indirect questioning aims at increasing respondents’ willingness to answer truthfully by protecting confidentiality. However, the assumption that ... [more ▼]On surveys that assess sensitive personal attributes, indirect questioning aims at increasing respondents’ willingness to answer truthfully by protecting confidentiality. However, the assumption that subjects understand questioning procedures fully and trust them to protect their privacy is tested rarely. In a scenario-based design, we compared four indirect questioning procedures in terms of comprehensibility and perceived privacy protection. All indirect questioning techniques were found less comprehensible for respondents than a conventional direct question used for comparison. Less-educated respondents experienced more difficulties when confronted with any indirect questioning technique. Regardless of education, the Crosswise Model was found most comprehensible among the four indirect methods. Indirect questioning was perceived to increase privacy protection in comparison to a direct question. Unexpectedly, comprehension and perceived privacy protection did not correlate. We recommend assessing these factors separately in future evaluations of indirect questioning. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 107 (2 UL) Smoking related warning messages formulated as questions positively influence short-term smoking behaviourMüller, Barbara; Ritter, Simone; Glock, Sabine et alin Journal of Health Psychology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 121 (10 UL) Lettere alla redazione : il caso della “Buona Domenica” lussemburghese Un fenomeno mediatico italo-lussemburgheseCicotti, Claudio in El Ghibli - Rivista di Letteratura della Migrazione (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 75 (9 UL) Network Identifiability from Intrinsic NoiseGoncalves, Jorge ; Hayden, David; Yuan, Yein IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 323 (25 UL) On-line model-based fault detection and isolation for PEM fuel cell stack systemsRosich, Albert ; Sarrate, Ramon; Nejjari, Fatihain Applied Mathematical Modelling (in press)Efficient and reliable operation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are key requirements for their successful commercialization and application. The use of diagnostic techniques enables the ... [more ▼]Efficient and reliable operation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are key requirements for their successful commercialization and application. The use of diagnostic techniques enables the achievement of these requirements. This paper focuses on model-based fault detection and isolation (FDI) for PEM fuel cell stack systems. The work consists in designing and selecting a subset of consistency relations such that a set of predefined faults can be detected and isolated. Despite a nonlinear model of the PEM fuel cell stack system will be used, consistency relations that are easily implemented by a variable back substitution method will be selected. The paper also shows the significance of structural models to solve diagnosis issues in complex systems. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 219 (14 UL) An Implicit boundary approach for viscous compressible high Reynolds flows using hybrid remeshed particle hydrodynamics methodObeidat, Anas ; Bordas, Stéphane in Journal of Computational Physics (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 195 (21 UL) A Polynomial Time Subsumption Algorithm for Nominal Safe $ELO_{\bot}$ under Rational ClosureCasini, Giovanni ; Straccia, Umberto; Meyer, Thomasin Information Sciences (in press)Description Logics (DLs) under Rational Closure (RC) is a well-known framework for non-monotonic reasoning in DLs. In this paper, we address the concept subsumption decision problem under RC for nominal ... [more ▼]Description Logics (DLs) under Rational Closure (RC) is a well-known framework for non-monotonic reasoning in DLs. In this paper, we address the concept subsumption decision problem under RC for nominal safe $ELO_{\bot}$, a notable and practically important DL representative of the OWL 2 profile OWL 2 EL. Our contribution here is to define a polynomial time subsumption procedure for nominal safe $ELO_{\bot}$ under RC that relies entirely on a series of classical, monotonic $EL_{\bot}$ subsumption tests. Therefore, any existing classical monotonic $EL_{\bot}$ reasoner can be used as a black box to implement our method. We then also adapt the method to one of the known extensions of RC for DLs, namely Defeasible Inheritance-based DLs without losing the computational tractability. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 62 (9 UL) Europeans and Americans in Korea, 1882-1910: A Bourgeois and Translocal CommunityDittrich, Klaus in Itinerario (in press), 39(3), This article deals with the European and American community in Korea between the conclusion of Korea’s first international treaties in the early 1880s and the country’s annexation by the Japanese Empire ... [more ▼]This article deals with the European and American community in Korea between the conclusion of Korea’s first international treaties in the early 1880s and the country’s annexation by the Japanese Empire in 1910. The article starts out by presenting an overview of the community. Concentrated in Seoul and Chemulp’o, the Anglo-Saxon element dominated a community made up of diplomats, foreign experts in the service of the Korean government, merchants and missionaries. Next, the article describes two key characteristics of the European and American residents in Korea. Firstly, they were individuals defining themselves as bourgeois, or middle-class; secondly, the term “translocality” serves to bring together the multiple layers of border-crossing these individuals were involved in – as long-distance migrants between Europe or Northern America and East Asia, as migrants within the East Asian context, and as representatives of different Euro-American nationalities living together in Korea. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 117 (3 UL) Arts vs Engineering: Choosing Consumption of and Investment in EducationTampieri, Alessandro ; Romano, Richardin Research in Economics (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 97 (2 UL) The Gamma Stein equation and non-central de Jong theoremsDöbler, Christian ; Peccati, Giovanni in Bernoulli (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 173 (9 UL) Environmental and sustainability education in the Benelux countries: Research, policy and practices at the intersection of education and societal transformationVan Poeck, Katrien; König, Ariane ; Wals, Arjen E.J.in Environmental Education Research (in press), (Special Issue), As an introductory article of a Special Issue on Environmental and Sustainability Education (ESE) in the Benelux region, this paper provides an overview of ESE research, policy and practice in Belgium ... [more ▼]As an introductory article of a Special Issue on Environmental and Sustainability Education (ESE) in the Benelux region, this paper provides an overview of ESE research, policy and practice in Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg. It discusses the different contributions in this collection with regard to how the central theme of this issue, the relation between education and societal transformation, is approached in each paper. The main characteristics of the ESE research fields in the Benelux are described in general terms, and placed within the context of how ESE policy and practice are organised in these countries. Next, different conceptualisations of the relation between educational and political spaces reflected in the collection are discussed and the varied contributions to this issue are positioned in relation to three distinguished traditions of approaching the place of democracy in ESE. The authors conclude with commenting on how this relates to different approaches to the research-policy-practice interface. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 187 (13 UL)