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See detailCreative Inquiry with ipads in elementary science education.
Max, Charles UL; Hack, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2013, August 29)

The present paper emphasizes results of an ongoing research project (2012-2015 about creative inquiry with mobile technologies in elementary science education. The analytical lens is directed towards the ... [more ▼]

The present paper emphasizes results of an ongoing research project (2012-2015 about creative inquiry with mobile technologies in elementary science education. The analytical lens is directed towards the situated ways in which 8 to 12 year old students (n=300) make sense of science phenomena through creative inquiry practices. The project is supplying classes with ipads and a secure internal cloud service. These devices are equipped with a range of sensors, which allow students to capture, collect, treat and visualize a broad range of data. Applications permit to combine these collaborative inquiry data with content from print or digital media sources. The internal cloud facilitates to comfortably share all kind of data between students and teachers and to disseminate final products to a private or public audience. The study explores how mobile devices facilitate the understanding of scientific phenomena and the formation of scientific thinking. A core concern deals with processes of creativity, critical thinking, communication and collaboration as emphasized by the 21st century skill frameworks. To achieve this goal, classroom activities are recorded through video data once per trimester and for two consecutive school years. The research analyses also how the students’ productions come into being by considering the versions students store on the internal cloud server. Moreover, the ipads allow students to record themselves their learning and comment on their inquiry approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailCreative Luxembourg? From implicit debates on cultural industries to an explicit policy on creative industries in Luxembourg
Spirinelli, Fabio UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2018), 70(3), 5-22

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See detailCreative Method of Dealing with Mainstream Music
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2018, March 06)

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See detailCreative personality profile in social sciences: The leading role of autonomy
Kirsch, Christiane; Lubart, Todd; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Creativity Theories-Research-Applications (2015), 2(2), 180-211

The literature on creativity has often focused on the analysis of artists and scientists. The ability to generalize these findings to respective professional sub-disciplines is examined. In particular ... [more ▼]

The literature on creativity has often focused on the analysis of artists and scientists. The ability to generalize these findings to respective professional sub-disciplines is examined. In particular, the present study addresses the generalizability of the personality profile of creative scientists to creative social scientists. Autonomy was found to be the most important personality feature for creativity in social sciences. These results suggest the importance of fostering an autonomous working style. [less ▲]

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See detailCreative personality: The importance of an autonomous working style
Kirsch, Christiane UL; Lubart, Todd; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Xeni, Elena (Ed.) Creativity in Educational Research and Practice (2014)

Creativity plays an important role in education and on the job market. In this perspective, the present study addresses the personality profile of creative people in specific domains of achievement ... [more ▼]

Creativity plays an important role in education and on the job market. In this perspective, the present study addresses the personality profile of creative people in specific domains of achievement. Literature on creativity is predominantly based on the analysis of psychology students, artists and scientists. The question which emerges from the current state of the art concerns the ability to generalize these findings. Hence, the current study examines additional professional subsamples in terms of their creative personality. The sample consists of 176 participants (109 women, 66 men, MAge = 24.47, SD = 3.52, age range: 19-39 years). In the general sample, only the correlation between creativity and autonomy was significant (r = .16, p < .05). In the sample of psychologists, this correlation was stronger (r = .57, p < .01). These results suggest the importance of fostering an autonomous working style. [less ▲]

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See detailCreative Personality: The Importance of an Autonomous Working Style
Kirsch, Christiane UL; Todd, Lubart; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Creative Engagements: Thinking with Children, Prague 14-16 March 2014 (2014, March)

Creativity plays an important role in education and on the job market. In this perspective, the present study addresses the personality profile of creative people in specific domains of achievement ... [more ▼]

Creativity plays an important role in education and on the job market. In this perspective, the present study addresses the personality profile of creative people in specific domains of achievement. Literature on creativity is predominantly based on the analysis of psychology students, artists and scientists. The question which emerges from the current state of the art concerns the ability to generalize these findings. Hence, the current study examines additional professional subsamples in terms of their creative personality. The sample consists of 176 participants (109 women, 66 men, MAge = 24.47, SD = 3.52, age range: 19-39 years). In the general sample, only the correlation between creativity and autonomy was significant (r = .16, p < .05). In the sample of psychologists, this correlation was stronger (r = .57, p < .01). These results suggest the importance of fostering an autonomous working style. [less ▲]

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See detailCreative Social Engineering? Reform Initiatives in Vocational Education and Professional Orientation (ca. 1880-1930)
Herman, Frederik UL

Scientific Conference (2013, September 11)

Despite obvious connections between the industrial sector and that of technical-vocational schooling and training (cf. Blankertz, 1969) the historical importance of industry-related entrepreneurship for ... [more ▼]

Despite obvious connections between the industrial sector and that of technical-vocational schooling and training (cf. Blankertz, 1969) the historical importance of industry-related entrepreneurship for education in the whole of Europe remains underappreciated. In social-cultural and educational historiography alike States and/or Churches, rather than the industry and associated networks, tend to be connected to attempts at societal reform (see, e.g. de Swaan, 1988). Yet, in many European countries evidence can be found of industrialist initiatives preceding those from a governmental or congregational side. In view of economic interests and related values like efficiency, rationalization, etc., captains of industry needed to be innovative, and therefore also creative. In order to achieve innovation, however, actors from the economic sphere required input from the outside and in particular from the arts (literature, painting, philosophy, design, etc.). A key hypothesis of this paper, then, is that protagonists of the industry and the artistic-intellectual milieus of which they became part, were far less dependent on the formal structures that characterized state and denominational institutes’ organization. From a somewhat informal stage of society they may indeed have been able to act in a much more problem-focused manner. Whether this led to truly creative and innovative solutions remains a question to be answered. Some key players, in each case, were at once active in economy, politics, popular media and intellectual circles, which may well have enabled them to force through ideas at all levels, using alternative strategies in function of what they were aiming at. In Luxembourg – the point of departure of this paper – one such aim around the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was the integration of new social groups (chiefly immigrant workers) into a rapidly changing society, including the allocation of their ‘proper’ place within the social fabric. Assumed to have been established at least partly to serve this purpose were mining schools, technical-vocational schools and associated professional orientation centres. Concretely, the paper will study reform initiatives like these undertaken in The Grand Duchy and investigate to what extent they creatively combined existing elements from neigbouring countries and constituted innovative solutions. Luxembourg and its industrial-intellectual sphere will thereby be considered as points of circulation and transformation, as crossroads of ideas at the heart of Western Europe. Case studies investigated, like the ‘Institut Émile Metz’ in Dommeldange suggest this is warranted. Thus, a ‘psycho-physiological laboratory’ attached to this institution inscribed itself in debates on ‘psychometrics’, inspired by ‘pedology’, ‘pedological psychology’, ‘experimental pedagogy’, ‘child study’, etc. (cf. Depaepe, 1993), and refering back to the ‘social physics’ made popular by Adolphe Quetelet as of the mid-1830s. Images, perhaps more than textual sources, visualize, propagate and/or question such currents in the area studied. Thus, for instance, unique glassplate negatives from a 2,248 unit large collection give insight into representations with regard to ‘experimental’ testing of students’ aptitude, etc., at the Dommeldange school. As part of a ‘perspectivist’ approach, such visual sources will be analyzed critically alongside textual ones. Method The subject and focus of this paper cannot be confined to national borders. From the primary and secondary sources consulted so far, it is abundantly clear that the historical actors behind the reform initiatives mentioned, as well as the ideas inspiring them, were of importance transnationally and of relevance for the whole of Western Europe in particular. From a methodological point of view, the paper will therefore draw inspiration from such concepts as ‘entangled’/‘shared’ history, ‘Kulturtransfer’ and ‘histoire croisée’, as put forth by scholars like Michel Espagne (2000), Matthias Middell (2001), Sebastian Konrad & Shalini Randeira (2002), Bénédikte Zimmermann & Michael Werner (2006). In dealing with visual material, this contribution will in turn follow two (related) approaches. The first approach stresses epistemological aspects of imagery and identifies pictures as a medium of perceiving, creating and questioning social-cultural realities (cf. e.g.: Boehm, 1999; Thyssen, 2007; Priem, 2009). The second consists of a documentary method inspired by Erwin Panofsky, which combines iconographical description with iconological/iconic interpretation and at the same time emphasizes analysis of image series as horizons of comparison. Expected Outcomes An expected outcome of this paper is that initiatives in the domain of technical-vocational education and professional orientation in Luxembourg, as elsewhere, were based on two rationales: a moral-utopian one, inspired by ideas of social critics like Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier and Robert Owen (e.g.: Bartier, 1985; Cunliffe & Erreygers, 2001), and one connected to beliefs in efficiency and rationality. Furthermore, it is expected that the reform initatives investigated in this paper were not to any notable extent distinctively ‘new’ or ‘Luxembourgian’. Elements were likely borrowed from neighbouring or other European countries, but then perhaps ‘creatively’ adapted to local circumstances. Another expected outcome is that from research in the domain mentioned, an interconnectedness or interdependence of economy (efficiency, rationality, etc.) and creativity (in view of innovation) emerges, in which educationally conceived initiatives from the industry and associated artistic-intellectual circles played a key role. [less ▲]

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See detailCreativity in Everyday Life: Potential, Activities, Achievement
Kirsch, Christiane UL; Lubart, Todd; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

Everyday creativity―also known as little c― includes various domains of creative expression in daily life, like i.e., the arts and sciences. The present intention is to analyze the profile of ordinary ... [more ▼]

Everyday creativity―also known as little c― includes various domains of creative expression in daily life, like i.e., the arts and sciences. The present intention is to analyze the profile of ordinary creators from the general population in various domains. The differential influence of intelligence and personality is explored. The hypothesized model aims to extend the one of Jauk, Benedek, and Neubauer (2014), by introducing further personality predictors. The sample consisted of 101 participants from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with a mean age of 35 years. Openness remained the only personality predictor in the structural model. In contrast to the model of Jauk et al. (2014), openness was more important for creative potential than for creative activities. Hence, the leading role of openness in the personality domain was confirmed and the model of Jauk et al. (2014) could not be extended by further personality predictors. Implications of this result will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCreativity in student architects: Multivariate approach
Kirsch, Christiane UL; Lubart, Todd; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Corazza, Giovanni; Agnoli, Sergio (Eds.) Multidisciplinary contributions to the science of creative thinking (2015)

This chapter proposes an integrative model for creativity in student architects. It is inspired by several theoretical conceptions and adapted to the present population. The established model is an ... [more ▼]

This chapter proposes an integrative model for creativity in student architects. It is inspired by several theoretical conceptions and adapted to the present population. The established model is an initial attempt to build a genuine latent model for the prediction of creativity. This approach can be adapted to different domains of creative achievement: artistic, scientific and everyday life. [less ▲]

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See detailCREATIVITY IN TRANSACTIONAL DESIGN PROBLEMS: NON-INTUITIVE FINDINGS OF AN EXPERT STUDY USING SCAMPER
Moreno Grandas, Diana Paola UL; Yang, Maria C.; Hernandez, Alberto A. et al

in INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE - DESIGN 2014 (2014, May)

Designers are currently facing design problems that are not uniquely related to physical systems but transactional as well. Transactional processes (services) have had a steady growth during the last ... [more ▼]

Designers are currently facing design problems that are not uniquely related to physical systems but transactional as well. Transactional processes (services) have had a steady growth during the last three decades and currently add more than 65% of global economic value. This study expands our understanding of designers’ interaction with ideation methods. We investigate a heuristic method known as SCAMPER, focusing on a transactional design problem with a relatively large transactional domain expert sample size (n=60). The study shows, unexpectedly, that the SCAMPER method appears to be both a fixating and de-fixating method (at least for the type of problem explored), where design fixation is not shown to be effectively mitigated by the method; yet, despite this finding, a significantly higher novelty production is achieved when compared to a non-assisted scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailThe credibility of expert advice for regulatory decision-making in the US and EU
König, Ariane UL; Jasanoff, Sheila

E-print/Working paper (2002)

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See detailCredibility-limited revision operators in propositional logic
Booth, Richard UL; Fermé, Eduardo; Konieczny, Sébastien et al

Scientific Conference (2012)

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See detailCredibility-limited revision operators in propositional logic
Booth, Richard UL; Fermé, Eduardo; Konieczny, Sébastien et al

in 13th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2012) (2012)

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See detailCredit 2012
Rasmouki, Fanou UL

Scientific Conference (2012, September 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (5 UL)
See detailCredit in the Economy: Small Business Default Correlation and Firms' Co-movements
Pisa, Magdalena UL

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Small businesses play crucial part in every developed economy. They employ about 50% of the workforce and are the engine of innovation. For this reason policy makers and regulators support financing small ... [more ▼]

Small businesses play crucial part in every developed economy. They employ about 50% of the workforce and are the engine of innovation. For this reason policy makers and regulators support financing small businesses’ operations to allow them to grow and show its potential. Through a series of studies about small business credit risk, we show that small business credit risk is predominantly related to firm characteristics rather than to economy or industry wide conditions. We find evidence that a distress in a customer industry is linked to higher credit risk among the small business suppliers and that a trade credit is an important channel transmitting distress from one firm to another. [less ▲]

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See detailCredit Risk Charactereristics of US Small Business Loan Portfolios
Wolff, Christian UL

Scientific Conference (2016, June 27)

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See detailCredit Risk Characteristics of Small Business Loan Portfolios
Wolff, Christian UL

Scientific Conference (2017, April 18)

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See detailCredit risk characteristics of US small business portfolios
Wolff, Christian UL; Pisa, Magdalena UL

Scientific Conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (1 UL)
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See detailCredit risk characteristics of US small business portfolios
Wolff, Christian UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 UL)