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See detailDans quelle mesure les rapports envoyés aux acteurs dans le cadre des ÉpStan sont-ils compris et utilisés ?
Milmeister, Marianne UL; Dierendonck, Christophe UL; Weis, Christiane UL et al

in Ugen, Sonja; Martin, Romain; Fischbach, Antoine (Eds.) Les Épreuves Standardisées : Comment sont-elles perçues par les acteurs concernés  ? (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (6 UL)
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See detailDanser et après ?
Durand, Marc; de Saint-Georges, Ingrid UL; Laurent, Elisabeth et al

Report (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (1 UL)
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See detailDaPIS: an Ontology-Based Data Protection Icon Set
Rossi, Arianna UL; Palmirani, Monica

in Peruginelli, Ginevra; Faro, Sebastiano (Eds.) Knowledge of the Law in the Big Data Age (2019)

Privacy policies are known to be impenetrable and lengthy texts that are hardly read and poorly understood. This is why the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) introduces provisions to enhance ... [more ▼]

Privacy policies are known to be impenetrable and lengthy texts that are hardly read and poorly understood. This is why the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) introduces provisions to enhance information transparency including icons as visual means to clarify data practices. However, the research on the creation and evaluation of graphical symbols for the communication of legal concepts, which are generally abstract and unfamiliar to laypeople, is still in its infancy. Moreover, detailed visual representations can support users’ comprehension of the underlying concepts, but at the expense of simplicity and usability. This Chapter describes a methodology for the creation and evaluation of DaPIS, a machine-readable Data Protection Icon Set that was designed following human-centered methods drawn from the emerging discipline of Legal Design. Participatory design methods have ensured that the perspectives of legal experts, designers and other relevant stake- holders are combined in a fruitful dialogue, while user studies have empirically determined strengths and weaknesses of the icon set as communicative means for the legal sphere. Inputs from other disciplines were also fundamental: canonical principles drawn from aesthetics, ergonomics and semiotics were included in the methodology. Moreover, DaPIS is modeled on PrOnto, an ontology of the GDPR, thus offering a comprehensive solution for the Semantic Web. In combination with the description of a privacy policy in the legal standard XML Akoma Ntoso, such an approach makes the icons machine-readable and automatically retrievable. Icons can thus serve as information markers in lengthy privacy statements and support an efficient navigation of the document. In this way, different representations of legal information can be mapped and connected to enhance its comprehensibility: the lawyer-readable, the machine-readable, and the human-readable layers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (6 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDare to Care! Benefits of a patient-centred care approach on glycaemic control management
Recchia, Sophie; Steffgen, Georges UL; Spitz, Elisabeth

Scientific Conference (2011, September)

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See detailDARe-16 - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Defeasible and Ampliative Reasoning
Booth, Richard; Casini, Giovanni UL; Klarman, Szymon et al

Book published by CEUR Workshop Proceedings (2016)

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Defeasible and Ampliative Reasoning (DARe-16), co-located with the 22th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2016). The Hague, Holland, August ... [more ▼]

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Defeasible and Ampliative Reasoning (DARe-16), co-located with the 22th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2016). The Hague, Holland, August 29, 2016. [less ▲]

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See detailDARe-17 - Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Defeasible and Ampliative Reasoning
Booth, Richard; Casini, Giovanni UL; Varzinczak, Ivan

Book published by CEUR Workshop Proceedings (2017)

Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Defeasible and Ampliative Reasoning (DARe-17), co-located with the 14th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning (LPNMR-17 ... [more ▼]

Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Defeasible and Ampliative Reasoning (DARe-17), co-located with the 14th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning (LPNMR-17). Espoo, Finland, July 3—6, 2017. [less ▲]

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See detailDarfur, the Security Council and the International Criminal Court
Happold, Matthew UL

in International and Comparative Law Quarterly (2006), 55

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (1 UL)
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See detailDark aerobic sulfide oxidation by anoxygenic phototrophs in anoxic waters of lake Cadagno
Sengupta, Anupam UL

in Environmental Microbiology (2019)

Anoxygenic phototrophic sulfide oxidation by green and purple sulfur bacteria (PSB) plays a key role in sulfide removal from anoxic shallow sediments and stratified waters. Although some PSB can also ... [more ▼]

Anoxygenic phototrophic sulfide oxidation by green and purple sulfur bacteria (PSB) plays a key role in sulfide removal from anoxic shallow sediments and stratified waters. Although some PSB can also oxidize sulfide with nitrate and oxygen, little is known about the prevalence of this chemolithotrophic lifestyle in the environment. In this study, we investigated the role of these phototrophs in light‐independent sulfide removal in the chemocline of Lake Cadagno. Our temporally resolved, high‐resolution chemical profiles indicated that dark sulfide oxidation was coupled to high oxygen consumption rates of ~9 μM O2·h‐1. Single‐cell analyses of lake water incubated with 13CO2 in the dark revealed that Chromatium okenii was to a large extent responsible for aerobic sulfide oxidation and it accounted for up to 40 % of total dark carbon fixation. The genome of Chr. okenii reconstructed from the Lake Cadagno metagenome confirms its capacity for microaerophilic growth and provides further insights into its metabolic capabilities. Moreover, our genomic and single‐cell data indicated that other PSB grow microaerobically in these apparently anoxic waters. Altogether, our observations suggest that aerobic respiration may not only play an underappreciated role in anoxic environments, but also that organisms typically considered strict anaerobes may be involved. [less ▲]

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See detailDark Matter in host-microbiome metabolomics: Tackling the unknowns-A review
Peisl, Beatrice Yasmin Loulou UL; Schymanski, Emma UL; Wilmes, Paul UL

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2017)

The “dark matter” in metabolomics (unknowns) represents an exciting frontier with significant potential for discovery in relation to biochemistry, yet it also presents one of the largest challenges to ... [more ▼]

The “dark matter” in metabolomics (unknowns) represents an exciting frontier with significant potential for discovery in relation to biochemistry, yet it also presents one of the largest challenges to overcome. This focussed review takes a close look at the current state-of-the-art and future challenges in tackling the unknowns with specific focus on the human gut microbiome and host-microbe interactions. Metabolomics, like metabolism itself, is a very dynamic discipline, with many workflows and methods under development, both in terms of chemical analysis and post-analysis data processing. Here, we look at developments in the mutli-omic analyses and the use of mass spectrometry to investigate the exchange of metabolites between the host and the microbiome as well as the environment within the microbiome. A case study using HuMiX, a microfluidics-based human-microbial co-culture system that enables the co-culture of human and microbial cells under controlled conditions, is used to highlight opportunities and current limitations. Common definitions, approaches, databases and elucidation techniques from both the environmental and metabolomics fields are covered, with perspectives on how to merge these, as the boundaries blur between the fields. While reflecting on the number of unknowns remaining to be conquered in typical complexsamples measured with mass spectrometry (often ordersof magnitude above the “knowns”), we provide an outlook on future perspectives and challenges in elucidating the relevant “dark matter”. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Dark side of global integration: increasing tail dependance
Cosma, Antonio UL; Beine, Michel UL; Vermeulen, Robert John Gerard UL

in Journal of Banking and Finance (2010), 34(1), 184-192

We measure stock market coexceedances using the methodology of Cappiello, Gerard and Manganelli <br />(2005, ECB Working Paper 501). This method enables us to measure comovement at each point of the <br ... [more ▼]

We measure stock market coexceedances using the methodology of Cappiello, Gerard and Manganelli <br />(2005, ECB Working Paper 501). This method enables us to measure comovement at each point of the <br />return distribution. First, we construct annual coexceedance probabilities for both lower and upper tail <br />return quantiles using daily data from 1974–2006. Next, we explain these probabilities in a panel gravity <br />model framework. Results show that macroeconomic variables asymmetrically impact stock market <br />comovement across the return distribution. Financial liberalization significantly increases left tail comovement, <br />whereas trade integration significantly increases comovement across all quantiles. Decreasing <br />exchange rate volatility results in increasing lower tail comovement. The introduction of the euro <br />increases comovement across the entire return distribution, thereby significantly reducing the benefits <br />of portfolio diversification within the euro area. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Dark Side of Licensing Cryptocurrency Exchanges as Payment Institutions
Nabilou, Hossein UL

in Law and Financial Markets Review (2019), 13(4),

The ultimate objective of cryptocurrencies is to become a payment system substituting, complementing, or competing with the existing conventional fiat-based payment systems. Irrespective of whether such ... [more ▼]

The ultimate objective of cryptocurrencies is to become a payment system substituting, complementing, or competing with the existing conventional fiat-based payment systems. Irrespective of whether such an objective could be accomplished, the functional similarities between certain cryptocurrencies and fiat money has persuaded competent authorities of certain EU Member States to grant payment institution licenses to cryptocurrency exchanges. At first blush, granting such an authorization would seem to be a step forward as it would bring otherwise unregulated cryptocurrency exchanges within the scope of the existing payment regulatory framework. However, such authorization not only faces major legal challenges related to the definition of a payment institution but also introduces new lesser-known risks. Aside from the semantic and definitional issues, authorizing cryptocurrency exchanges as payment institutions can bring activities and instruments - with a different risk profile than that of conventional payment instruments - within the scope of payment systems. It appears that such risks embedded in those instruments cannot be fully addressed under the existing payment laws. This paper studies two examples of unattended risks under the cryptocurrency-exchange-as-payment institution regime. The first risk concerns the use of untethered, non-convertible, illiquid and volatile settlement assets for settlement purposes in cryptocurrency exchanges. The second risk concerns the risks associated with the finality of settlements arising from the use of probabilistic finality in some of the most popular cryptocurrency blockchains. Given that in the conventional payment institutions central bank money or commercial bank money is primarily used as the settlement asset, such risks have already been addressed or otherwise taken for granted, however, in cryptocurrency exchanges, the risks involved in the settlement of liabilities with an illiquid and volatile asset relying on probabilistically final settlement mechanism cannot be dealt with by the existing applicable regulations. As the risks cannot be addressed within the current European payment regulation framework, an alternative policy option would be granting a special license to cryptocurrency businesses or introducing ring-fencing mechanism to protect the conventional payment systems from the risks of cryptocurrency payments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (7 UL)
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See detailDark Souls like "Dark Souls": Personality Characteristics and Preference for Violent Video Games
Melzer, André UL; Engelberg, Elisabeth

Scientific Conference (2018, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 150 (11 UL)
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See detailDie Darstellung von Wäldern im Rhein-Maas-Moselraum auf historischen Karten des späten 15. und des 16. Jahrhunderts
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Pauly, Michel; Pettiau, Hérold (Eds.) La forêt en Lotharingie médiévale / Der Wald im mittelalterlichen Lotharingien (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (8 UL)
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See detailDas Biosphärenreservat Bliesgau – Akzeptanz und Erleben der Biosphären in der lokalen Bevölkerung
Nienaber, Birte UL; Lübke, Stephanie

Scientific Conference (2010, June 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 UL)
See detailDas Deutsche im Kontext der Luxemburger Mehrsprachigkeit
Sieburg, Heinz UL

in LGV-Info (2009), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (7 UL)
See detailDas Dilemma zwischen Effizienz und Sicherheit: Über die Beziehungen zwischen Verfolgten des Nationalsozialismus und ihren Helfern
During, Marten UL

in informationen. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift des Studienkreises Deutscher Widerstand 1933-1945 (2011), (73), 19--24

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 UL)