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See detailCross Layer Implementation of a Multi-User MIMO Test Bed
Jalden, Niklas; Bergman, Svante; Zetterberg, Per et al

in Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2010 IEEE (2010)

This paper describes an implementation of a realtime multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) communication system, with cross-layer channel-aware scheduling. The system is implemented using ... [more ▼]

This paper describes an implementation of a realtime multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) communication system, with cross-layer channel-aware scheduling. The system is implemented using software reconfigurable nodes that may be configured as either user terminals, or as base stations, communicating in the GSM 1800 uplink band. Three different commonly used scheduling algorithms (based on channel state information fed back by the receiver nodes) are studied and compared experimentally for three different signal to noise ratios in an indoor non line of sight environment. It is shown that channel-aware scheduling increases not only the system throughput, but also the fairness. Further, using the possibility of changing antenna polarization through software controlled switches, the multiuser gains may be increased even further, both in total throughput as well as fairness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (0 UL)
See detailCross-border access to electronic evidence: Policy and legislative challenges
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Robinson, Gavin UL

in Carrera, Sergio; Mitsilegas, Valsamis (Eds.) Constitutionalising the Security Union: Effectiveness, rule of law and rights in countering terrorism and crime (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 159 (38 UL)
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See detailCross-border activity-travel patterns: the Luxembourg residents perspective
Sprumont, François UL; Piroth, Isabelle UL; Viti, Francesco UL

Scientific Conference (2016, October 07)

Despite its small size (2586 km2), the Grand-duchy of Luxembourg is a strong economic locomotive. Indeed, among the 380 000 available jobs in the country, 44% are occupied by cross-border workers from ... [more ▼]

Despite its small size (2586 km2), the Grand-duchy of Luxembourg is a strong economic locomotive. Indeed, among the 380 000 available jobs in the country, 44% are occupied by cross-border workers from France, Belgium and Germany. While the commuting behavior and the activity chains of the cross-border workers have been largely studied (Carpentier, 2012, Drevon et al., 2013, Gerber, 2012) this is not the case for the population living in Luxembourg. This scientific contribution aims at analyzing the daily activity chains of resident population. Do residents perform all their activities in Luxembourg? If not, in which country do they go and for which type of activity? Due to the small size of the country and plausible attraction for surrounding countries (linked to familial reasons, nationality, past residential place of residence, differentials in prices etc.) the people living in Luxembourg might conduct some activities in Belgium, France or Germany. Between June and July 2015, a multi-day survey has been implemented on 52 staff members of the University of Luxembourg working, at that time, at Walferdange campus. These individuals provided information regarding their daily activities (activity duration and location, activity type) and their travel behavior (travelling time and mode) for two weeks. Among the respondents, 35 participants are living in Luxembourg and provided information for 490 days and 1850 activities in total. The studied population is interesting in many aspects. First of all, the individuals were working in Walferdange, a city located 8 km north of Luxembourg-city, so a central geographic position. Second, this is a high-qualified and international population. Actually, the education level of the respondents is high (45% have a PhD degree, 37% a master degree) and many of them moved to Luxembourg because of the attractive labour market. Third, the income of the surveyed population is higher than the average national salary. With its limited area, one would think that individuals living in Luxembourg would cross the borders quite often for shopping, leisure activities...However, Luxembourg has abundant and various services (shopping malls, leisure and cultural places ...). Indeed close to 30% of the respondents had all their activities in Luxembourg and out of the 1850 total activities, only 130 had been done in a neighboring country. But on the other hand, one fourth of the respondents had done 75% of total activities outside Luxembourg. In a way to better understand the mobility behavior of resident population, a detailed activity chain analysis will be presented. This will be completed by a spatial analysis of the activities, in order to examine the effects of the borders on non-work related activities. Finally, different activity behaviors will be identified through a multivariate analysis. The results of this explorative analysis will be compared to the abundant literature regarding the behavior of the cross-borders workers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (7 UL)
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See detailCross-border cooperation as practice formation. Perspectives for an alternative research approach
Wille, Christian UL; Connor, Ulla UL

in Beck, Joachim (Ed.) Transdisciplinary discourses on cross-border cooperation in Europe (2019)

The paper presents a practice-sociological approach to the description and analysis of cross-border cooperation. For this purpose, the development of cooperation research, its characteristic orientations ... [more ▼]

The paper presents a practice-sociological approach to the description and analysis of cross-border cooperation. For this purpose, the development of cooperation research, its characteristic orientations as well as the fundamentals of practical theoretical thinking will be outlined. Based on this, the heuristic figure of thought of cross-border practice formation is developed, which breaks with the premises of conventional cooperation research. It will be further differentiated on the basis of four challenges of cross-border cooperation, in order to arrive at an alternative perspective on cross-border cooperation. The following is an outlook, which deals with the research-specific features of the approach presented, with a view to a future practice-sociological and multidisciplinary cooperation research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 329 (29 UL)
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See detailCross-Border Cooperation in Europe: A relational perspective
Nienaber, Birte UL; Wille, Christian UL

in European Planning Studies (2020), 28(1), 1-7

Cross-border cooperation, border regions, soft spaces? This special issue approaches cross-border informal planning processes in cross-border regions by analysing them from a perspective that combines ... [more ▼]

Cross-border cooperation, border regions, soft spaces? This special issue approaches cross-border informal planning processes in cross-border regions by analysing them from a perspective that combines networks, governance and territorialization. Such a relational perspective will be developed by papers which deal with a variety of European cross-border regions and empirical evidence related to the nexus of networks, governance and territorialization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 180 (32 UL)
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See detailCross-border cooperation in Europe: Networks, Governance, Territorialisation
Nienaber, Birte UL; Wille, Christian UL

in European Planning Studies (2020), 28(1), 119

Cross-border cooperation, border regions, soft spaces? This special issue approaches cross-border informal planning processes in cross-border regions by analysing them from a perspective that combines ... [more ▼]

Cross-border cooperation, border regions, soft spaces? This special issue approaches cross-border informal planning processes in cross-border regions by analysing them from a perspective that combines networks, governance and territorialization. Such a relational perspective will be developed by papers which deal with a variety of European cross-border regions and empirical evidence related to the nexus of networks, governance and territorialization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 283 (0 UL)
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See detailCross-Border Criminal Evidence and the Future European Public Prosecutor. One Step Back on Mutual Recognition?
Allegrezza, Silvia UL; Mosna, Anna UL

in Bachmaier Winter, Lorena (Ed.) The European Public Prosecutor's Office The Challenges Ahead (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 126 (7 UL)
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See detailCross-Border Crowdfunding – Towards a Single Crowdfunding Market for Europe
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Preiner, C.

in European Business Organization Law Review (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (2 UL)
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See detailCross-Border Economic Integration : Direct Investments, Labour Markets, Production Systems and Cultures
Dörrenbächer, Peter UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in WEVER, Egbert; VAN VILSTEREN, Gerrit (Eds.) Borders and economic behaviour in Europe. A geographical approach. (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (4 UL)
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See detail“Cross-border environmental peace” in development contexts: the convergence of peace with de-territorialized development
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen UL; Conde, Gilberto

in Revista de Paz y Conflictos (2016), 9(1), 7-16

This article contends that notions of «peace» and «justice» in cross-border water management vary in different world regions. Moreover, it argues that «peace» and «justice» can be explained by analyzing ... [more ▼]

This article contends that notions of «peace» and «justice» in cross-border water management vary in different world regions. Moreover, it argues that «peace» and «justice» can be explained by analyzing the interaction between «regional» interpretations and implementation of water security norms and local cross-border power structures. «Regional water security» is defined as the normative commitment to provide necessary water resources to communities within world regions. «Power,» which is defined traditionally as «the ability of actors to obtain their objectives despite opposition» is viewed as a function of political entrepreneurialism and opportunity structures. This article derives from a review of the pertinent literatures on «water security» and «water justice,» the two elements of «water peace» as well as scholarship on cross-border water management in different world regions. It discusses water governance within the framework of cross-border politics and comparative regional integration. It also includes analysis of the policy documents and websites of seventeen regional organizations as well as interviews with key actors and local experts on water management in specific cross-border case studies. The article is divided into five sections. Following this introduction, part two examines «water security» and «water justice» in international affairs. Part III then discusses «power» in cross-border water governance debates and addresses the transnational face of water security discussions. Part IV presents a comparative examination of cross-border «water justice» in selected world regions which is followed by theoretical considerations that are addressed in part V, the conclusion. In general, the article emphasizes the need to promote comparative cross-regional research on cross-border water governance in order to examine how «peace,» «security» and «justice» are framed in debates over water resources. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (8 UL)
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See detailCross-border everyday lives on the Luxembourg border? An empirical approach: the example of cross-border commuters and residential migrants
Wille, Christian UL; Roos, Ursula

in Wille, Christian; Nienaber, Birte (Eds.) Border Experiences in Europe. Everyday Life - Working Life - Communication - Languages (2020)

Luxembourg is characterized by phenomena of mobility that includecross-border commuters and residential migrants. While both groups havebeen mainly examined from a socioeconomic perspective, this ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg is characterized by phenomena of mobility that includecross-border commuters and residential migrants. While both groups havebeen mainly examined from a socioeconomic perspective, this paperadopts a sociocultural approach. We will focus on the question of the ex-tent to which cross-border mobility in everyday life promotes cross-borderlifeworlds. This will involve examining people’s social contacts at theirplace of work and/or place of residence as well as the spatial organizationof practices of the everyday life of both groups. The paper gives insights in-to everyday lives at the EU’s internal borders, whose organization into na-tion states is subordinate and at the same time constitutive. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 UL)
See detailCross-border evidence gathering: equality of arms within the EU?
van Wijk, Marloes Chantal UL

Doctoral thesis (2017)

The European Union (EU) has set the objective to develop an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, in which on the one hand freedom of movement is promoted and on the other hand a high level of security ... [more ▼]

The European Union (EU) has set the objective to develop an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, in which on the one hand freedom of movement is promoted and on the other hand a high level of security is ensured. The EU is therefore adopting measures to enhance international cooperation in criminal matters among the police and judicial authorities of its Member States. The adopted instruments concerning evidentiary matters, such as the gathering, freezing and/or confiscation of information and materials in another EU Member State, seem to serve the main purpose of assisting the authorities in investigating and prosecuting (cross-border) crime. This raises the question to what extent the defence is also given the possibility to gather – or to have gathered – information and materials in another EU Member State with the aim of preparing and presenting its case at trial and, in particular, whether the current (EU) legal framework on cross-border evidence gathering meets the requirements of the principle of equality of arms. This thesis addresses this question by, first of all, discussing the concept of equality of arms, as enshrined in both Article 6 ECHR and Article 47 CFR. It explains to what extent this principle is applicable to cross-border or transnational criminal proceedings and whether it has an autonomous meaning within the EU. In addition, it discusses which requirements can be deduced from the principle in relation to the possibilities of the defence to gather evidence in another EU Member State to prepare and presents its case. Subsequently, the focus is on the development of the European legislation – from both the Council of Europe and the EU – regulating the procedure of cross-border evidence gathering over the last decades. The aim is to explain the position of the defence in this development and to what extent the European legislation gives opportunities to the defence to request the assistance of foreign authorities in obtaining specific information and materials in another EU Member State. In order to understand how the European legislation is applied in practice by the EU Member States, this thesis includes a comparative study of three national jurisdictions: the Netherlands, England and Wales, and Italy. These three jurisdictions each represent a different criminal justice system, either more inquisitorial or adversarial in nature. The comparative study describes how a chosen jurisdiction interprets the principle of equality of arms. Furthermore, it examines to what extent the national jurisdiction allows the defence to carry out independent investigations abroad and how it gives the defence the opportunity to trigger the mechanism of international cooperation and to participate in the requested investigation. Finally, this thesis also includes an analysis of the criminal justice system of the International Criminal Court. In this system evidence gathering depends most of the time on State cooperation and both the Prosecutor and the defence are allowed to conduct independent investigations and seek the assistance of States. It is therefore used as a source of inspiration for potential changes of the EU legislation on cross-border evidence gathering. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 158 (8 UL)
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See detailCross-border Exchange of Tax Information and Fundamental Rights
Chaouche, Fatima UL; Haslehner, Werner UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Kofler, Georg; Rust, Alexander (Eds.) EU Tax Law and Policy in the 21st Century (2017)

Very few areas of law have been subject to as much scrutiny and political pressure as tax law over the past years. In a very short period of time, we went from almost no exchange to the implementation of ... [more ▼]

Very few areas of law have been subject to as much scrutiny and political pressure as tax law over the past years. In a very short period of time, we went from almost no exchange to the implementation of automatic exchange of information for specific categories of income. Since 2009, an unprecedented interventionism has been best illustrated by the amendments and enlargements of various mutual assistance instruments, both at OECD and EU levels. This widening of scope undoubtedly involves implications for taxpayers who are directly or indirectly concerned by the exchange of information. The unremitting efforts to achieve efficient exchanges among national tax authorities has, so far, resided in the promptness with which the information gathered is transferred and thereby encouraging requested States to limit taxpayers’ notification and participation rights. Addressing fundamental rights implications in cross-border exchanges of information entails, first, an overview of the recent developments in exchange of information procedures and an overview of the scope of fundamental rights at both EU and national levels . Along the same lines, a review of the CJEU decision in Sabou appears relevant in this context as it features in concreto implications of mutual assistance mechanisms on taxpayers’ procedural rights. Considering that the request for preliminary ruling addressed to the CJEU in Sabou mainly raised concerns with respect to the application of the right of the defence, it is appropriate to identify further taxpayers’ rights that may come into play in mutual assistance proceedings. This ‘inventory’ exercise is a prerequisite for a just assessment of the current exchange of information legal framework and allows the formulation of open questions for identified unresolved issues. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 441 (40 UL)
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See detailCross-border flow of health information: is 'privacy by design' enough? Privacy performance assessment in EUBIROD
Di Iorio, C.T.; Carinci, F.; Brillante, M. et al

in European Journal of Public Health (2013), 23(2), 247-253

Background: The EUBIROD project aims to perform a cross-border flow of diabetes information across 19 European countries using the BIRO information system, which embeds privacy principles and data ... [more ▼]

Background: The EUBIROD project aims to perform a cross-border flow of diabetes information across 19 European countries using the BIRO information system, which embeds privacy principles and data protection mechanisms in its architecture (privacy by design). A specific task of EUBIROD was to investigate the variability in the implementation of the EU Data Protection Directive (DPD) across participating centres. Methods: Compliance with privacy requirements was assessed by means of a specific questionnaire administered to all participating diabetes registers. Items included relevant issues e.g. patient consent, accountability of data custodian, communication (openness) and complaint procedures (challenging compliance), authority to disclose, accuracy, access and use of personal information, and anonymization. The identification of an ad hoc scoring system and statistical software allowed an overall quali-quantitative analysis and independent evaluation of questionnaire responses, automated through a dedicated IT platform (‘privacy performance assessment’). Results: A total of 18 diabetes registers from different countries completed the survey. Over 50% of the registers recorded a maximum score for accountability, openness, anonymization and challenging compliance. Low average values were found for disclosure and disposition, access, consent, use of personal information and accuracy. A high heterogeneity was found for anonymization, consent, accuracy and access. Conclusions: The novel method of privacy performance assessment realized in EUBIROD may improve the respect of privacy in each data source, reduce overall variability in the implementation of privacy principles and favour a sound and legitimate cross-border exchange of high quality data across Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 UL)
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See detailCross-border labour in the Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux : evolutions and effects on the status of the workers and on regional economic and social development
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

in Mrozowicki, Adam; Kolasinska, Elzbieta; Rog-Ilnicka, Joanna (Eds.) Social boundaries and meanings of work in the 21st-century capitalism (2015)

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux is a geographic space constituted by two German border regions (Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate), one French (Lorraine), one Belgian border region (Wallonia) and a small ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux is a geographic space constituted by two German border regions (Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate), one French (Lorraine), one Belgian border region (Wallonia) and a small country (Luxembourg). In this area situated in the centre of the European Union, new dynamics of employment are observed especially with the development of cross-border labour: more and more people live and work in two different countries. Cross-border labour and its different forms have positive and negative effects on the composition of regional labour markets and more generally on the economic and social development of these different border regions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 142 (9 UL)
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See detailCross-border labour in the Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux: evolutions, forms and effects on regional economic and social development
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Belkacem, Rachid

Scientific Conference (2014, November 14)

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux is a geographic space constituted by two German border regions (Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate), one French (Lorraine), one Belgian border region (Wallonia) and a small ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux is a geographic space constituted by two German border regions (Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate), one French (Lorraine), one Belgian border region (Wallonia) and a small country (Luxembourg). In this area situated in the centre of the European Union, new dynamics of employment are observed especially with the development of cross-border labour: more and more people live and work in two different countries. Cross-border labour and its different forms have positive and negative effects on the composition of regional labour markets and more generally on the economic and social development of these different border regions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (5 UL)
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See detailCross-Border Loss Relief for Permanent Establishments under EC Law
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Bulletin for International Taxation (2010)

This article analyses the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice on permanent establishments to determine the responsibilities of Member States and their limits in respect of cross-border loss ... [more ▼]

This article analyses the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice on permanent establishments to determine the responsibilities of Member States and their limits in respect of cross-border loss relief from the home state’s perspective. The article reveals apparent inconsistencies and endeavours to answer open questions in this regard. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (1 UL)
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See detailCross-Border Mediation in Luxembourg
Menetrey, Séverine UL

in Espuelges, Carlos (Ed.) Civil and Commercial Mediation in Europe. Cross-Border Mediation, Intersentia, 2014. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (2 UL)
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See detailCross-border mergers and acquisitions: Evidence from Indochina
Wolff, Christian UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)