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See detailWhen Workmen Shoot, Fence, and Ride – Modern Pentathlon and the Promise of Social Integration at the Beginning of the 20th Century
Heck, Sandra UL

in Stadion: Internationale Zeitschrift für Geschichte des Sports (2010), 36

Besides the commitment of workers unions, it was Pierre de Coubertin who – as a defender of “sport for all” – obviously tried to achieve an easier access for workmen to sport in the early 20th Century ... [more ▼]

Besides the commitment of workers unions, it was Pierre de Coubertin who – as a defender of “sport for all” – obviously tried to achieve an easier access for workmen to sport in the early 20th Century. One of his steps to reach this goal was intrinsically tied to the idea of creating a new sport which combined disciplines that were mainly practised by people of lower social levels with those of the upper classes. Thus, with the combination of shooting, fencing, horse-riding, swimming and running, a new Olympic sport called Modern Pentathlon was born. By analyzing sources concerning Coubertin’s educational ideas as well as documents of the early history of Modern Pentathlon, this study is aiming to confront the ideological assurance to invent a sport of social integration with its realistic development. Due to the composition of participants it must be stated that the promise of a social mixture through Modern Pentathlon was not kept. The search for reasons of this failure gives an insight into the problems of realization and offers entirely new ways of interpretation of the true causes for the integration of a new combined sport into the Olympic program. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 UL)
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See detailWhen writing 0 (zero) is easier than writing O (o): a neuropsychological case study of agraphia.
Delazer, M.; Lochy, Aliette UL; Jenner, C. et al

in Neuropsychologia (2002), 40(12), 2167-77

Though a few case studies reported a dissociation between intact writing of Arabic and impaired writing of alphabetical script, a detailed experimental analysis of such a dissociation is still lacking. We ... [more ▼]

Though a few case studies reported a dissociation between intact writing of Arabic and impaired writing of alphabetical script, a detailed experimental analysis of such a dissociation is still lacking. We report a follow-up study of a patient with a parieto-occipital lesion who is affected by severe peripheral agraphia for letters, but not for Arabic digits. While letters in writing to dictation are frequently illegible, distorted, or consist in meaningless strokes, Arabic digits are well-formed and fluently produced. In a series of tasks, including copying of letters with tachistoscopic presentation and handwriting on a digitizing tablet, several processing levels are assessed in order to localize JS' functional writing impairment and to determine different processing routes for letters and for numbers. Overall, the results of the experimental investigation suggest a notation specific deficit in the activation of graphomotor patterns for letters, but not for digits. The study thus adds evidence to the so far reported dissociations between Arabic and alphabetical scripts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (1 UL)
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See detailWhen you dislike patients, pain is taken less seriously.
De Ruddere, Lies; Goubert, Liesbet; Prkachin, Ken Martin et al

in Pain (2011), 152(10), 2342-7

This study examined the influence of patients' likability on pain estimations made by observers. Patients' likability was manipulated by means of an evaluative conditioning procedure: pictures of patients ... [more ▼]

This study examined the influence of patients' likability on pain estimations made by observers. Patients' likability was manipulated by means of an evaluative conditioning procedure: pictures of patients were combined with either positive, neutral, or negative personal traits. Next, videos of the patients were presented to 40 observers who rated the pain. Patients were expressing no, mild-, or high-intensity pain. Results indicated lower pain estimations as well as lower perceptual sensitivity toward pain (i.e., lower ability to discriminate between varying levels of pain expression) with regard to patients who were associated with negative personal traits. The effect on pain estimations was only found with regard to patients expressing high-intensity pain. There was no effect on response bias (i.e., the overall tendency to indicate pain). These findings suggest that we take the pain of patients we do not like less seriously than the pain of patients we like. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen, why, and how do People Deviate from Physical Distancing Measures During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Methods Study
Van Alboom, Maité; Baert, Fleur; Wauters, Aline et al

in Psychologica Belgica (2021)

To limit the spread of COVID-19, many countries, including Belgium, have installed physical distancing measures. Yet, adherence to these newly installed behavioral measures has been described as ... [more ▼]

To limit the spread of COVID-19, many countries, including Belgium, have installed physical distancing measures. Yet, adherence to these newly installed behavioral measures has been described as challenging and effortful. Based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model, this study performed an in-depth evaluation of when, why, and how people deviated from the physical distancing measures. An online mixed-method study was conducted among Belgian adults (N = 2055) in the beginning of May 2020. Participants were recruited via an open call through email and social media platforms, using snowball sampling. Conditions wherein people deviated from the physical distancing measures were assessed by means of an open-ended question. HAPA determinants were assessed in a quantitative way. Half of the sample reported to deviate from the measures. Further, deviation from the measures was associated with each determinant outlined by the HAPA. Findings highlight that many people deviated from the measures because of their need for social contact. The majority of the people who deviated from the measures stated that they carefully weighed the risks of their behavior. Need for social contact pushed people to deviate from physical distancing measures in a deliberate manner. Potential areas for future interventions aimed at promoting adherence to physical distancing measures and enhancing psychosocial well-being are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere and When to Invest in Infrastructure
Brueckner, Jan K; Picard, Pierre M UL

in Regional Science and Urban Economics (2014)

This paper analyzes an irreversible “where-and-when” investment decision, in which a government must decide not only when to invest in income-increasing infrastructure but also where to make the ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes an irreversible “where-and-when” investment decision, in which a government must decide not only when to invest in income-increasing infrastructure but also where to make the investment, doing so under imperfect observability of the investment gains. The two models considered in the paper differ in the source of the imperfection. In the signal model, the imperfection comes from imperfect observability of initial income gains from the investment, while in the option model, it comes from the stochastic nature of the income gains in the second period. In addition to providing the first treatment of this type of problem, the analysis shows that the influences of underlying parameters on whether or not the government waits to invest are similar in the two models. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 202 (16 UL)
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See detailWhere are you, Culture & Psychology? Making of an interdisciplinary field
Valsiner, Jaan UL

in Culture and Psychology (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (4 UL)
See detailWhere are you? Where am I? Education, identity and the question of location.
Biesta, Gert UL

in Säfstrom, C. A. (Ed.) Identity. Questioning the Logic of Identity Within Educational Theory. (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 234 (0 UL)
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See detailWhere do Gambling and Internet ‘Addictions’ Belong? The Status of ‘Other’ Addictions (volume 2)
Griffiths, Mark; Kuss, Daria; Pontes, Halley et al

in Wolff, K; White, J; Karch, S (Eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Drug and Alcohol Studies: Biological Approaches (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (2 UL)
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See detail“Where do we go from here?” – A preliminary evaluation of the EU Ambient Assisted Programs
Roelofsma, Peter; Ferring, Dieter UL; Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

in Abstract paper of the AAL Forum 2012 (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (3 UL)
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See detailWhere do we learn democracy? [Russian translation.]
Biesta, Gert UL

in The Democratic School (2006), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (0 UL)
See detailWhere in cities do "rich" and "poor" people live? The urban economics model revisited
Lemoy, Rémi UL; Raux, Charles; Jensen, Pablo

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In this work, we exploit the power of the Alonso-Mills-Muth (AMM) urban economics model and show that various utility functions and plausible conditions offer alternative explanations of house- holds’ ... [more ▼]

In this work, we exploit the power of the Alonso-Mills-Muth (AMM) urban economics model and show that various utility functions and plausible conditions offer alternative explanations of house- holds’ location by income within a city. These include the existence of a “rich” center and more complex socio-spatial urban forms, for instance alternating a rich center, poor suburbs and a rich outer ring, which have not yet been derived from the AMM model to our knowledge. In doing so we combine analytical ideas and illustrations by the means of an agent-based model. The hypothesis of a central or non-central amenity is also studied, leading to different insights on the issue. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere the mind cannot dare: a case of addictive use of online pornography and its relationship with childhood trauma.
Wéry; Schimmenti, Adriano; Karila, Laurent et al

in Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2019), 45(2), 114-127

Dysfunctional use of cybersex has often been conceptualized as a 'behavioral addiction' sharing common traits with substance addiction. We describe the case of a treatment-seeking man, who displayed ... [more ▼]

Dysfunctional use of cybersex has often been conceptualized as a 'behavioral addiction' sharing common traits with substance addiction. We describe the case of a treatment-seeking man, who displayed addictive use of pornography. The case is presented from two perspectives: (1) a symptom-based approach inspired by the addiction model of excessive sexual behaviors and (2) a process-based approach aimed to identify the psychological processes and risk factors that may foster the development of addiction-like symptoms. This article shows how case conceptualization according to a process-based approach is likely to result in psychological intervention that targets the specific processes and risk factors involved in addictive cybersex use. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere to hide in bad times: Or should one still diversify internationally?
Stefanova, Denitsa UL; Elkamhi, Redouane

Scientific Conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (1 UL)
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See detailWhere to Hide in Bad Times: Or Should One Still Diversify Internationally?
Stefanova, Denitsa UL; Elkamhi, Redouane

Scientific Conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 102 (0 UL)
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See detailWhere to Hide in Bad Times: Or Should One Still Diversify Internationally?
Stefanova, Denitsa UL; Elkamhi, Redouane

Scientific Conference (2016)

Among the stylized features of international equity markets is the pronounced asymmetric nonlinear dependence and upward trend in correlations. Such features call into question investors' efforts to ... [more ▼]

Among the stylized features of international equity markets is the pronounced asymmetric nonlinear dependence and upward trend in correlations. Such features call into question investors' efforts to diversify internationally. We propose a model to capture those well understood characteristics of international equity index returns. Casting them in a dynamic portfolio problem, we evaluate the gains for a home-biased investor from including foreign assets in her portfolio. We find that accounting for the optimal dynamic demand for hedging on top of a standard mean-variance portfolio policy brings substantial benefits from international portfolio exposure. Such benefits become increasingly sizeable over long investment horizons. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (0 UL)
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See detailWhere to Hide in Bad Times: Or Should One Still Diversify Internationally?
Stefanova, Denitsa UL; Elkamhi, Redouane

Scientific Conference (2017)

Among the stylized features of international equity markets is the pronounced asymmetric nonlinear dependence and upward trend in correlations. Such features call into question investors' efforts to ... [more ▼]

Among the stylized features of international equity markets is the pronounced asymmetric nonlinear dependence and upward trend in correlations. Such features call into question investors' efforts to diversify internationally. We propose a model to capture those well understood characteristics of international equity index returns. Casting them in a dynamic portfolio problem, we evaluate the gains for a home-biased investor from including foreign assets in her portfolio. We find that accounting for the optimal dynamic demand for hedging on top of a standard mean-variance portfolio policy brings substantial benefits from international portfolio exposure. Such benefits become increasingly sizeable over long investment horizons. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (2 UL)
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See detailWhere to hide in bad times: Or should one still diversify internationally?
Stefanova, Denitsa UL; Elkiamhi, Redouane

Scientific Conference (2017)

It is well documented that correlation between international equity indices has trended upward for many years. This trend has called the concept of diversification into question. In this paper we argue ... [more ▼]

It is well documented that correlation between international equity indices has trended upward for many years. This trend has called the concept of diversification into question. In this paper we argue that this argument is informed mainly by restrictions in modeling choices or portfolio solutions. We examine the fundamental question of whether there is economically significant gain of international exposures in the investment portfolio after capturing stylized dynamics of the data for short- and long-term return horizons and after accounting for intertemporal hedging. The answer is yes and the gain is substantial over a long horizon and for a reasonable range of international equity indices. First, a diversifying investor benefits from periods of low correlations of higher moments and time variations in return co-movement measures. Second, the cost of home bias comes primarily from not hedging changes in correlation and tail risks present in data, and cannot be solely explained by mean-variance considerations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (0 UL)
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See detailWhere were the repair ingredients for Defects4j bugs?
Yang, Deheng; Liu, Kui; Kim, Dongsun et al

in Empirical Software Engineering (2021), 26(6), 1--33

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (7 UL)
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See detailWhich App to Choose? An Online Tool that Supports the Decision-making Process of Recreational Runners to Choose an App
Janssen, Mark; Lallemand, Carine UL; Hoes, Kevin et al

in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Design4Health Amsterdam 2020 (2020)

In recent years, there has been an exponential increase in the use of health and sports-related smartphone applications (apps). This is also reflected in App-stores, which are stacked with thousands of ... [more ▼]

In recent years, there has been an exponential increase in the use of health and sports-related smartphone applications (apps). This is also reflected in App-stores, which are stacked with thousands of health- and sports-apps, with new apps launched each day. These apps have great potential to monitor and support people’s physical activity and health. For users, however, it is difficult to know which app suits their needs. In this paper, we present an online tool that supports the decision-making process for choosing an appropriate app. We constructed and validated a screening instrument to assess app content quality, together with the assessment of users’ needs. Both served as input for building the tool through various iterations with prototypes and user tests. This resulted in an online tool which relies on app content quality scores to match the users’ needs with apps that score high in the screening instrument on those particular needs. Users can add new apps to the database via the screening instrument, making the tool self supportive and future proof. A feedback loop allows users to give feedback on the recommended app and how well it meets their needs. This feedback is added to the database and used in future filtering and recommendations. The principles used can be applied to other areas of sports, physical activity and health to help users to select an app that suits their needs. Potentially increasing the long-term use of apps to monitor and to support physical activity and health. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (1 UL)