Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen a Master Dies: Speculation and Asset Float
Penasse, Julien UL; Renneboog, L; Scheinkman, J

Scientific Conference (2020, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen a Master Dies: Speculation and Asset Float
Penasse, Julien UL; Renneboog, L; Scheinkman, J

Scientific Conference (2020, August 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen a Master Dies: Speculation and Asset Float”
Penasse, Julien UL; Renneboog,, Luc; Scheinkman, José A.

Scientific Conference (2020, January 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Alphabet Inc. plans Toronto's waterfront: New post-political modes of urban governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Urban Planning (2020), 5(1), 69-83

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when ... [more ▼]

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when one of the big digital corporations enters the field of real estate and land use development and urban planning, how existing institutions respond to this, and how modes of urban governance are affected. Alphabet Inc.’s plans for Toronto’s waterfront provided insights into these questions. Our investigations traced a complex web of place-making practices that involved all levels of government, the general public, and networks of actors throughout the private sector. Methodologically, the discourse was reconstructed with local fieldwork, interviews with key actors, participating in tours and public meetings, and secondary sources. It was found that Alphabet Inc.’s plan to build a world-class digital city contained some lessons for urban studies and urban planning practice. First, Alphabet Inc.’s plans, which unfolded amidst initiatives to expand the knowledge economy, confirmed concerns that the trajectory of neoliberal, market-driven land use and speculation along the waterfront remains unchanged. Second, digital infrastructures are potentially a Trojan Horse. Third, it was seen that municipalities and their modes of urban planning are vulnerable to the political economic manoeuvrings of large corporate power. Fourth, Alphabet Inc. operates as a post-political package driven by a new coalition of politics, where the smart city is sold as a neutral technology. The controversies surrounding the project, however, stirred a civic discourse that might signal a return of the political. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen An Educational Ideology Travels: The Experience Of The New Math Reform In Luxembourg
Nadimi Amiri, Shaghayegh UL

in Mathematics Education and Life at Times of Crisis (2017, April)

Since 1958 a series of new reform programmes, known as “New Math reform” tried to fundamentally deconstruct the mathematics education of schools in the United States. This reform aimed to promote the ... [more ▼]

Since 1958 a series of new reform programmes, known as “New Math reform” tried to fundamentally deconstruct the mathematics education of schools in the United States. This reform aimed to promote the “problem-solving” abilities in students and was a means to modernise not just the school math education but also the idea of why students should learn mathematics. Later, the reform project travelled to Europe through the support of the OECD and some other international or European organisation. This paper briefly reviews the process of the adaptation of this reform project in Luxembourg during the 1960s and 1970s. The aim is to look at how the ideological background about mathematics education, and in general education, mattered in the preceding of this school reform. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (13 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen are Two Arguments the Same? Equivalence in Abstract Argumentation
Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Grossi, Davide

in Johan van Benthem on Logic and Information Dynamics (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 140 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Bad News Become Good News Towards Usable Instances of Learning with Physical Errors
Bellizia, Davide; Hoffmann, Clément; Kamel, Dina et al

in IACR Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems (2022), 2022(4), 1--24

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen black sheep make us think: information processing and devaluation of in- and outgroup norm deviants
Reese, Gerhard UL; Steffens, Melanie C.; Jonas, Kai J.

in Social Cognition (2013), 31(4), 482-503

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Choice Happens: A Systematic Examination of Mouse Movement Length for Decision Making in Web Search
Brückner, Lukas; Arapakis, Ioannis; Leiva, Luis A. UL

in Proceedings of the International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR) (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 199 (16 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Chronic Disability Meets Acute Stress: Psychological and Functional Changes
Miller, A. Cate; Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Johann-Murphy, Marjorie

in Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. Supplement (2001), 43(3), 214-216

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailWhen complexity meets ease of use - How to design your own adapted user interface
Koenig, Vincent UL; Battisti, Sophie UL

Scientific Conference (2011, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (10 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Cryptographic Ransomware Poses Cyber Threats: Ethical Challenges and Proposed Safeguards for Cybersecurity Researchers
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 10)

Cryptographic ransomware, a malware capable of destroying data, is a serious threat if used against providers of critical infrastructures such as healthcare, energy supply chains, banking services, and ... [more ▼]

Cryptographic ransomware, a malware capable of destroying data, is a serious threat if used against providers of critical infrastructures such as healthcare, energy supply chains, banking services, and transport systems. Used as such, ransomware may qualify as cyber weapon, but the current discussion around cyber and information warfare is not sufficiently legally regulated. This delegates the safe governance thereof to the application of ethical principles but leaves researchers working on ransomware in doubt about the double-use nature of their work and what code of conduct to follow. Although some existing biomedical research ethical principles have been repurposed for ICT research, in the context of recent threats posed by ransomware attacks, these efforts need an urgent rethink, especially when it involves the research of cybersecurity researchers dealing specifically with ransomware. This paper does not offer solutions, but rather describes the complexity, nature and extent of ethical challenges raised by cybersecurity research and invites the cybersecurity research community to enter into active discussions around the need to consider the development of an appropriate research ethics framework in the domain of cybersecurity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Design Met Law: Design Patterns for Information Transparency
Rossi, Arianna UL; Ducato, Rossana; Haapio, Helena et al

in Droit de la Consommation (2019), (1),

The problems of online disclosures, notices, and terms are well-known and documented. Research and experience tell us that consumers dislike and do not read them. Much less has been said and done about ... [more ▼]

The problems of online disclosures, notices, and terms are well-known and documented. Research and experience tell us that consumers dislike and do not read them. Much less has been said and done about the solutions. Building on Proactive Law and Legal Design, this research-based, practice-oriented article introduces proactive legal design patterns as a possible way forward. The article illustrates, with examples, how design patterns can help implement the principle of transparency in consumer-facing communication and elaborates, in an innovative manner, the ways in which legal design patterns can help solve recurring problems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 433 (13 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen do prototypes bias person memory? Differential effects of abstraction level
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in European Journal of Social Psychology (2004), 34

Three experiments investigated the operation of prototypical person categories, which were either at a superordinate or at a subordinate level of abstraction, on person memory. In Experiment 1, a ... [more ▼]

Three experiments investigated the operation of prototypical person categories, which were either at a superordinate or at a subordinate level of abstraction, on person memory. In Experiment 1, a recognition memory experiment, subjects received person attributes describing fictional target persons, each description pertaining to one of the two abstraction levels. Distractors in the recognition test varied in degree of relatedness to a prototypical category. Distractors that were related to the corresponding category were falsely recognized, if the category was at a superordinate level, but not for a subordinate category. This revealed a significant bias in recognition toward conceptually related but nonpresented items only at the superordinate level. In Experiment 2 which used a conceptual priming procedure subjects responded faster to distractor items related to a superordinate category than to those related to a subordinate category. Experiment 3 replicated the difference between levels of abstraction when subjects’ task was to recall rather than to recognize the presented attributes. The findings imply that person categories at different levels of abstraction operate differentially on person memory and restrict assumptions from prototype theory to a superordinate level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailWhen does finance win? A set-theoretic analysis of the conditions of European financial interest groups' lobbying success on post-crisis bank capital requirements
Commain, Sébastien Romain Jean-Louis UL

Doctoral thesis (2022)

Acknowledging the failure of the existing regulatory framework after the global financial crisis of 2008, world leaders vowed to reform financial regulation to strengthen stability and restore trust. The ... [more ▼]

Acknowledging the failure of the existing regulatory framework after the global financial crisis of 2008, world leaders vowed to reform financial regulation to strengthen stability and restore trust. The reform of bank capital requirements was a major item on this agenda: the Group of Twenty (G20) entrusted the reform to the Basel Committee on Bank Supervision (BCBS), whose so-called "Basel framework" constitutes the global standard for the prudential regulation of banking activities. While scholars have highlighted the important concessions that were made to financial interests in this reform, a series of demanding new policy tools—which were strongly opposed by financial industry representatives—were also introduced into the new Basel III framework. This dissertation explores this empirical puzzle and seeks to identify under what conditions European financial interests’ lobbying on the reform of capital requirements was successful, and whether these successes constitute cases of interest group influence. Defining influence as a situation where a proposed reform evolves during the decision-making process (policy shift) in the direction advocated by an actor (lobbying success) and where that evolution is caused by the actors’ lobbying activity vis-à-vis the proposed reform (causal path), this dissertation then considers influence as a multilevel concept, which can be considered present if and only if all three of its components—policy shift, lobbying success and a causal path—are also present. In other words, policy shift, lobbying success and causal paths are the three individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for influence, which this study investigates in turn in the case of post-crisis bank capital requirements. The presence or absence of a policy shift is assessed qualitatively by comparing, for twenty-nine policy issues contained in the Basel III framework, the initial BCBS reform proposals with the rules finally enacted at international and European level. The positions of financial and non-financial interest groups on each of these twenty-nine issues are then determined—through a quantitative text analysis of the position papers submitted by interest groups to BCBS and European Commission consultations on Basel III and the CRD and CRR—to determine whether the identified policy shift on a given issue constitutes a case of lobbying success for the interest group. Finally, using fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) to compare in a systematic manner cases in which success is observed and cases where it is absent, I uncover the configurations of conditions sufficient to produce successful lobbying and those sufficient to produce the absence of success, configurations which I then interpret in terms of causal mechanisms. Strong collective action is found, in several forms, to form the basis of causal mechanisms producing successful lobbying. The observed sufficient configurations of conditions however suggest that the causal mechanisms producing success also include key contextual factors that are beyong the control of financial interest groups. The absence of these enabling contextual factors is shown, conversely, to lead to the absence of success. This dissertation contributes to the existing academic literature in several ways. Empirically, first, it adds to the scholarship on bank capital requirements at the international and European level, using novel data to reassess, after the completion of the Basel III reform, the extent to which the final framework meets the initial ambitions. Methodologically, second, this dissertation employs a range of new methods and techniques to take on the challenges of measuring lobbying success and identifying multiple pathways to influence, two fundamental issues for empirical studies of interest group influence. Theoretically, third, the combinatorial approach used here to explore conditions of lobbying success permits an examination of multiple conjunctural causation patterns in interest group influence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen does my program do this? learning circumstances of software behavior
Kampmann, Alexander; Havrikov, Nikolas; Soremekun, Ezekiel UL et al

in Proceedings of the 28th ACM Joint Meeting on European Software Engineering Conference and Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (2020, November 08)

We introduce Alhazen — an approach that automatically determines the circumstances under which a particular program behavior, such as a failure, takes place. Alhazen starts with a run that exhibits this ... [more ▼]

We introduce Alhazen — an approach that automatically determines the circumstances under which a particular program behavior, such as a failure, takes place. Alhazen starts with a run that exhibits this behavior and automatically determines input features associated with the behavior in question: (1) We use a grammar to parse the input into individual elements. (2) We determine features from the elements such as existence, length, or numerical values. (3) We use a decision tree learner to observe and learn which input features are associated with the behavior in question. (4) We use the grammar to generate additional inputs to further strengthen or refute hypotheses as learned associations. (5) By repeating steps 2 to 4, we obtain a theory that explains and predicts the given behavior. In our evaluation using inputs for find, grep, NetHack, and a JavaScript transpiler, the theories produced by Alhazen predict and produce failures with high accuracy and allow developers to focus on a small set of input features: “grep fails whenever the --fixed-strings option is used in conjunction with an empty search string.” [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen does students’ gender affect teachers’ school placement decisions? An experimental study with Luxembourgish primary school teachers
Böhmer, Matthias UL; Glock, Sabine; Klapproth, Florian et al

Scientific Conference (2011, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 UL)
See detailWhen Economies Become Form
Miessen, Markus UL; DiCarlo, Tina

Book published by Berlage Institute (2009)

Micro-Economic Models as Spatial Prescriptions in Northeast Brazil This 18-week research studio will investigate a strategy for local intervention. The current economic climate and emergence of six ... [more ▼]

Micro-Economic Models as Spatial Prescriptions in Northeast Brazil This 18-week research studio will investigate a strategy for local intervention. The current economic climate and emergence of six resorts within the emerging sub-urban economy of Northeast Brazil, which has proven resilient to the current economic crisis, will be invoked as a case study. The six-star Duas Barras resort under development along Alagoas’ 143 miles of unspoiled coast will provide a backdrop for investigation. Students will investigate twelve meta-topics via micro-economies in which content-productions become formal interventions and spatial prescriptions. Individual interventions will arise out of explorations considered on local, regional and super regional scales, which will in turn be considered as an accumulation or composite to produce a new, generative layer for the (sub-) region. Communication design will enter as content. Text will be developed as a material construct. Graphic Design by Berlage Institute. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 UL)