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See detailWhich dimensions of impulsivity are related to cigarette craving?
Billieux, Joël UL; Van der Linden, Martial; Ceschi, Grazia

in Addictive behaviors (2007), 32(6), 1189-99

Cigarette smoking is a very important health problem and represents the largest preventable risk factor for premature death in developed countries. A considerable body of research indicates that ... [more ▼]

Cigarette smoking is a very important health problem and represents the largest preventable risk factor for premature death in developed countries. A considerable body of research indicates that impulsivity is a central etiological concept in many theoretical models of tobacco addiction. The aim of this study is to analyse which dimensions of impulsivity are related to cigarette craving. To this end, 40 undergraduate psychology students were screened using the revised Questionnaire on Smoking Urges (QSU-12) and the French adaptation of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS). This scale identifies four distinct components associated with impulsive behaviour: urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. The results showed that urgency is a significant predictor of tobacco cravings, while depression and anxiety are not. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (1 UL)
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See detailWhich DSM validated tools for diagnosing depression are usable in primary care research? A systematic literature review
Nabbe, P.; Le Reste, J. Y.; Guillou-Landreat, M. et al

in European Psychiatry (2016), 39

IntroductionDepression occurs frequently in primary care. Its broad clinical variability makes it difficult to diagnose. This makes it essential that family practitioner (FP) researchers have validated ... [more ▼]

IntroductionDepression occurs frequently in primary care. Its broad clinical variability makes it difficult to diagnose. This makes it essential that family practitioner (FP) researchers have validated tools to minimize bias in studies of everyday practice. Which tools validated against psychiatric examination, according to the major depression criteria of DSM-IV or 5, can be used for research purposes? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 181 (0 UL)
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See detailWhich facets of impulsivity predict binge drinking?
Bø, R.; Billieux, Joël UL; Landrø, N. I.

in Addictive Behaviors Reports (2016), 3

Background: Impulsive binge drinking is a serious public health issue, and to reveal predisposing factors to this consumption pattern is, therefore, required. Impulsivity-related traits are important ... [more ▼]

Background: Impulsive binge drinking is a serious public health issue, and to reveal predisposing factors to this consumption pattern is, therefore, required. Impulsivity-related traits are important predictors of alcohol use and abuse. Nonetheless, previous research in binge drinking has been confounded by various definitions and cut-off scores, implying that existing studies contributed to limited comprehension on the specific role of different impulsivity facets. The current study thus disentangles the role of impulsivity facets in binge drinking by adopting a dimensional approach, considering the condition on a continuum, to avoid relying on debatable and non-definitive criteria. Methods: 162 students underwent assessment of alcohol consumption, including drinking patterns and impulsive traits, as captured in the UPPS-P framework (i.e., negative urgency, positive urgency, sensation seeking, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation). Multiple regression analyses were utilized in order to investigate the predictive role of each impulsivity facet in binge drinking. Results: Binge drinking was associated with sensation seeking. However, when statistically controlling for gender, age and global alcohol consumption, this effect disappeared, and negative urgency remained the only impulsivity component that significantly predicted binge drinking. Conclusion: We found the severity of binge drinking to be associated with negative urgency, suggesting that the binge drinking pattern is displayed in reaction to negative emotional states, and can be conceptualized as a maladaptive and short-term emotional coping. The study calls for prevention and treatment interventions designed to improve self-control, and more adaptive emotion regulation strategies. © 2016 . [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (1 UL)
See detailWhich Factors Play a Role in Coco Issuance? Evidence from European Banks.
Wolff, Christian UL

E-print/Working paper (2021)

This paper explores empirically the reasons why some banks issue Contingent Convertible Bonds while others do not. For this purpose we use a binary logistic model and control for the determinants ... [more ▼]

This paper explores empirically the reasons why some banks issue Contingent Convertible Bonds while others do not. For this purpose we use a binary logistic model and control for the determinants suggested by the literature on optimal capital structure which considers four drivers of capital structure: corporate taxes, costs of financial distress, agency costs and asymmetric information.. Our findings suggest that the banks with bigger size and those with higher Tier 1 capital, higher net loans, higher wholesale funding, lower level of leverage and lower risk weighted assets have a higher tendency to issue CoCos. Our results also suggest that banks in countries with higher annual growth rate of GDP per capita and those listed as G-SIBs are more likely to issue CoCos. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (3 UL)
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See detailWhich Properties has an Icon? A Critical Discussion on Evaluation Methods for Standardised Data Protection Iconography
Rossi, Arianna UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Socio-Technical Aspects in Security and Trust (STAST) (2021)

Following GDPR's Article12.7's proposal to use standardized icons to inform data subject in "an easily visible, intelligible and clearly legible manner," several icon sets have been developed. In this ... [more ▼]

Following GDPR's Article12.7's proposal to use standardized icons to inform data subject in "an easily visible, intelligible and clearly legible manner," several icon sets have been developed. In this paper, we firstly critically review some of those proposals. We then examine the properties that icons and icon sets should arguably fulfill according to Art.12's transparency provisions. Lastly, we discuss metrics and evaluation procedures to measure compliance with the Article. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich psychological factors influence Internet addiction? Evidence through an integrative model
Burnay, J.; Billieux, Joël UL; Blairy, S. et al

in Computers in Human Behavior (2015), 43

Since the appearance of Internet, several preoccupations have appeared as a result, with Internet addiction being one of the most common. The goals of the present study were twofold. First, to examine ... [more ▼]

Since the appearance of Internet, several preoccupations have appeared as a result, with Internet addiction being one of the most common. The goals of the present study were twofold. First, to examine which psychological factors are relevant to explain Internet addiction, including impulsivity, passion and social provision. Second, to incorporate all these factors into an integrative model. Based on multiple regressions and path analysis, results revealed a positive relation between Internet addiction and specific impulsivity components (lack of perseverance, urgency) and obsessive passion. Moreover, positive relations were observed between obsessive passion and reassurance of worth, opportunity for nurturance, sensation seeking and harmonious passion. In other words, Internet addiction is related to obsessive passion, but is explained by different psychological factors. Accordingly, both Internet addiction and obsessive passion can be viewed as two important and complementary facets of problematic Internet use. ©2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich Psychological Quality of Life must have the Newly-Registered Students from three European Universities to acquire Employability Skills?
Baumann, Michèle UL; Pelt, Véronique UL

in Psychology & Health (2010), suppl

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability ... [more ▼]

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability skills and others associate factors among newly-registered students from social sciences faculties. 236 volunteers (85 Luxembourg, 82 Belgium, 69 Romania) completed an online questionnaire (participation, 66%). Employability skills (ES) were assessed using a scale covering communication, interpersonal relations, capacity for innovation; quality of life was measured using Whoqol-Bref domains concerning psychological, environment, and social relations. Female respondents were predominantly (90% Romanian, 75% Luxembourg, 67% Belgian students). Belgian students were the youngest (18.5 years, 19.1 Rom, 21.2 Lux); the Luxembourg students entered university one year later. ES score was higher among Luxembourg and Romania than Belgium students (77,8 vs 71,3 vs 68,2). Psychological Whoqol-bref score was highest among Luxembourg and Romania students, Belgian students had the lowest (74.6 vs 65.3 vs 64.0). It was correlated positively with social relations and environment Whoqol-bref domains, and with ES score for Luxembourg and Romanian, but negatively for Belgian students. Employability skills related to psychological health among students enrolled into vocational courses from Luxembourg and Romania faculties, but not their academically orientated Belgian counterparts. University is a natural setting to promote programmes geared to psychological counseling, improvement of the social environment, and assistance services for university work. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 147 (6 UL)
See detailWhile there is hope – Existentianl fears, hopelessness and quality of life in cancer patients
Hoffmann, Martine UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology. Halifax, Canada (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 UL)
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See detailWhispering Botnet Command and Control Instructions
Steichen, Mathis UL; Ferreira Torres, Christof UL; Fiz Pontiveros, Beltran UL et al

in 2nd Crypto Valley Conference on Blockchain Technology, Zug 24-26 June 2019 (2019, June 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 146 (1 UL)
See detailWhite Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Tosza, Stanislaw UL

Book published by Hart Publishing (2018)

White collar crime has expanded significantly over the course of the past two decades. Yet, not only as the amount of national and international legislation in the field grown, but it has also endured ... [more ▼]

White collar crime has expanded significantly over the course of the past two decades. Yet, not only as the amount of national and international legislation in the field grown, but it has also endured changes driving it away from the classic criminal law. These trends have been reflected in changes to national legislation, not infrequently prompted by supranational law, for example, in the financial or the environmental sector. New punishing regimes have emerged, such as UN blacklisting, smart sanctions, civil asset forfeiture, financial supervisory powers, compliance law, and anti-money laundering laws. Furthermore, the role of administrative sanctioning law has been growing as well as the role of private actors in the enforcement of punitive sanctions. The aim of this volume is to examine how various national criminal justice systems across Europe deal with the aforementioned challenges. In the first part, it takes a closer look at the following national systems: France, Germany, Poland and Sweden. Furthermore, it compares the European approach with the American one as a source of inspiration for unresolved difficulties and future developments. Further still, the authors explore those challenging issues regarding the field of economic and financial crime, including the Senior Managers Regime, corporate criminal liability, and whistle-blowers' protection. Timely and pertinent, this is an important new work in a fast-moving field. [less ▲]

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See detailWhite Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Tosza, Stanislaw

Book published by Hart Publishing (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 262 (22 UL)
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See detailWhite Manipulation in Judgment Aggregation
Grossi, Davide; Pigozzi, Gabriella UL; Slavkovik, Marija UL

Scientific Conference (2009)

Distributive systems consisting of autonomous and intelligent components need to be able to reason and make decisions based on the information these components share. Judgment aggregation investigates how ... [more ▼]

Distributive systems consisting of autonomous and intelligent components need to be able to reason and make decisions based on the information these components share. Judgment aggregation investigates how individual judgments on logically connected propositions can be aggregated into a collective judgment on the same propositions. It is the case that seemingly reasonable aggregation procedures may force the group to hold an inconsistent judgment set. What happens when the agents realize that the group outcome will be inconsistent? We claim that, in order to avoid an untenable collective outcome, individuals may prefer to declare a non-truthful, less preferred judgment set. Thus, the prospect of an individual trying to manipulate the social outcome by submitting an insincere judgment set is turned from being an undesirable to a “virtuous” (or white) manipulation. We define white manipulation and present the initial study of it as a coordinated action of the whole group. [less ▲]

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See detailWhite-Box and Asymmetrically Hard Crypto Design
Biryukov, Alex UL

Presentation (2019, May 18)

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and ... [more ▼]

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and weak-WBC. [less ▲]

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See detailWhither sustainability? Governance and regional integration in the Glatt Valley
Carr, Constance UL; Mcdonough, Evan UL

Scientific Conference (2014, July 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 213 (39 UL)
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See detailWho are the users of a video search system? Classifying a heterogeneous group with a profile matrix
Kemman, Max UL; Kleppe, Martijn; Beunders, Henri

in 2012 13th International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services (2012)

Formulating requirements for a video search system can be a challenging task when everyone is a possible user. This paper explores the possibilities of classifying users by creating a Profile Matrix ... [more ▼]

Formulating requirements for a video search system can be a challenging task when everyone is a possible user. This paper explores the possibilities of classifying users by creating a Profile Matrix, placing users on two axes: experience and goal-directedness. This enables us to describe the characteristics of the subgroups and investigate differences between the different groups. We created Profile Matrices by classifying 850 respondents of a survey regarding a requirements study for a video search system. We conclude that the Profile Matrix indeed enables us to classify subgroups of users and describe their characteristics. The current research is limited to descriptions of subgroups and analysis of differences between these subgroups. In the future, we want to research what these differences mean with regard to the users’ performance and acceptance of a video search system and explore the use of a profile matrix for other types of search systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (2 UL)
See detailWho are the users of a Video search system? Classifying a Heterogeneous group with a profile Matrix (Dataset)
Kemman, Max UL; Kleppe, Martijn; Beunders, Henri

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 UL)
See detail'Who Are We?' Searching for Identities in Luxembourg: A Comparative Exhibition Critique
Brasseur, Laurence UL

Book published by Éditions d'Lëtzebuerger Land (2015)

This dissertation analyses the relationships among the issues of identity, power and the museum and investigates how these factors are linked to the museum’s social and educational role. It focuses on two ... [more ▼]

This dissertation analyses the relationships among the issues of identity, power and the museum and investigates how these factors are linked to the museum’s social and educational role. It focuses on two exhibitions that deal with the subject of identities in Luxembourg: 'ABC – Luxembourg for beginners … and advanced!', held at the Musée d’Histoire de la Ville de Luxembourg (2012-2013), and 'iLux. Identities in Luxembourg', shown at the Musée Dräi Eechelen (2012-2013). A comparative critique of their approaches provides a close examination of their explicit and implicit practices as well as their politics of display. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (2 UL)