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Peer Reviewed
See detailBuffer XDEM
Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid UL; Besseron, Xavier UL; Rousset, Alban UL et al

Scientific Conference (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 204 (72 UL)
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See detailDie Bühne in der Vorlesung
Wolf, Claude UL; Bloch, Natalie UL

Article for general public (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 214 (26 UL)
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See detailBuild Operate and Transfer (BOT) Projects - Contribution à l’étude juridique d’une modalité de partenariat public-privé à la lumière de l'approche Law and Economics
Tatofie, Roger UL

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Infrastructures and utility services are fundamental to economic and human development. Therefore, investment in these areas is critical to economic growth, quality of life, poverty reduction, access to ... [more ▼]

Infrastructures and utility services are fundamental to economic and human development. Therefore, investment in these areas is critical to economic growth, quality of life, poverty reduction, access to education and health care and achieving many of the objectives of a robust economy. Yet, whereas the public sector provides the vast majority of financing for infrastructure services, investments have not matched demand, public funds or borrowings are insufficient and governments are seeking methods to improve the efficient procurement of infrastructure services. Private sector participation in public projects is increasingly becoming a reliable source of investment and, as far as public policies are concerned, an unavoidable feature of our contemporary society even in “core public policies” (for example, greater responsibility for financial planning and welfare provision is being increasingly shifted by the states to the private sector and individuals). In the area of infrastructures and utility services, Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), despite some of their challenging features, are one of the tools in a policy maker’s arsenal which help to increase investment in infrastructure services and improve its efficiency. One of the main advantages of PPP is that, unlike privatization, the government retains strategic control over the project and the ownership of its assets. PPP offers multiple options or structures. As shown in this study, Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) Projects are one of the numerous options offered by PPP. In a BOT project, a private entity is given the right to design, finance, build and operate for a defined period (“concession period”) a facility that would normally be built by the government. The operation of the project generates revenues and the private entity uses these revenues to service debt and provide the investors with a return. At the end of the defined period, the private entity turns over the facility to the government. In practice, a number of parties - each with sometimes different interests, levels of sophistication and available resources - will be involved in a BOT project: the grantor/host government, the sponsors (generally throughout the project company), the lenders and the contractors (construction contractor, operator, offtake purchaser, input supplier) and the BOT approach can be used for different and various projects (power generation, water treatment, airports, roads, tunnels, bridges…) and, hence, has many variants such as BOO (Build, Own and Operate), BOOT (Build, Own, Operate and Transfer), BTO (Build, Transfer and Operate) etc. The BOT approach is not, however, a panacea for the host government and may involve some disadvantages. In effect, BOT projects are highly complex (from both financial and legal points of view), commercially driven projects, requiring extensive documentation and negotiation and a suitable political, legal, regulatory and economic environment. Nevertheless, it has many potential advantages and still is a viable alternative in most countries to the more traditional approach to public projects. For policy makers, practitioners, investors and, above all, the targeted populations to fully benefit from these advantages, the BOT concept must however be clarified and lifted from the fuzziness in which it has been plunged by commentators. There has actually been a dual view of the BOT concept: On one hand, some commentators consider the BOT concept as a simple public procurement modality, comparable to the concession model, and hence to be subjected to classical public law concepts, practices and requirements such as the public services, public ownership and standards and rules of public budget and accountancy. On the other hand, some other commentators view the BOT concept as a modality of project financing which should therefore be subjected to the requirements of profitability and risks sharing. However, if this dual view presents the BOT concept under two specialized lenses and tends to protect certain interests - i.e. public interests and private interests - it is in fact non satisfactory conceptually as well as practically. In fact, this dual view describes a unique reality which an economic cooperation characterized by harmony and conflict, change and equilibrium. The ambition and objective of this study is therefore to give a full understanding of the BOT concept and to shed light on its originality and its unity. The BOT concept is therefore considered as an economic cooperation device, demonstration made in this study principally under the light of law and economics approach. In effect, structuring a BOT project requires the use of (free) market tools (especially economic and financial tools), which render the law and economic approach perfectly suitable to analyze the BOT concept and reveal its rationality and coherence. Hence, the use of the (strategic) game theory to underline the mutual gains resulting from the cooperation between partners involved in a BOT project; the use of the incomplete contract theory to explain the special care needed to design the BOT contract and its possible adjustments; the use of the theory of the firm and financial contracting to explain the functions of coordination and integration of the project company; or also the use of the public choice theory to analyze the notion of general interest which has led to the conclusion that BOT projects are a combination of public and private interests in order to achieve optimality and mutual gains. More generally however, this study has adopted a pragmatic view, using various and different methods, because analyzing the relationships between State and market requires taking into account a great range of fields, considerations and expertise. This pragmatic approach suggested the study be carried out as a genealogic enterprise, such a process allowing a criticizing stance and a formulation of a new and global theoretical frame presenting the relics and the transformations of the current (dual) views of the BOT concept from which its originality and its unity derive. This study has therefore shown that the contractual, structural, economic and financial interdependence of the BOT project makes it an undeniable economic cooperation device. The BOT concept therefore acquires a conceptual unity which reinforces its functional and practical nature and adds a guarantee of legal security to its use. Besides, it has also been demonstrated that BOT is a signaling and an accountability tool for the partners involved in those operations. Ultimately, as regard to public projects, the BOT concept introduces a bit of rationality in equity and humanity to efficiency. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailBuilding a Blockchain Application that Complies with the EU General Data Protection Regulation
Rieger, Alexander UL; Guggenmos, Florian; Lockl, Jannik et al

in MIS Quarterly Executive (2019), 18(4), 263--279

Complying with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) poses significant challenges for blockchain projects, including establishing clear responsibilities for compliance, securing lawful bases ... [more ▼]

Complying with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) poses significant challenges for blockchain projects, including establishing clear responsibilities for compliance, securing lawful bases for processing personal data, and observing rights to rectification and erasure. We describe how Germany’s Federal Office for Migration and Refugees addressed these challenges and created a GDPR-compliant blockchain solution for cross-organizational workflow coordination. Based on the lessons learned, we provide three recommendations for ensuring blockchain solutions are GDPR-compliant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 175 (11 UL)
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See detailBuilding a kinetic model of trehalose biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Smallbone, Kieran; Malys, Naglis; Messiha, Hanan L. et al

in Methods in Enzymology (2011), 500

In this chapter, we describe the steps needed to create a kinetic model of a metabolic pathway based on kinetic data from experimental measurements and literature review. Our methodology is presented by ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we describe the steps needed to create a kinetic model of a metabolic pathway based on kinetic data from experimental measurements and literature review. Our methodology is presented by utilizing the example of trehalose metabolism in yeast. The biology of the trehalose cycle is briefly reviewed and discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (10 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBuilding a Map of Folksong Idioms with EsAC
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Scientific Conference (2008, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (0 UL)
See detailBuilding a new model of oral sources on European integration
Muñoz, Susana UL

Scientific Conference (2016, July 09)

Building on the innovative scholarly production models developed by the CVCE, this contribution explores the conceptual framework and the exploitation for research and knowledge transfer purposes of ... [more ▼]

Building on the innovative scholarly production models developed by the CVCE, this contribution explores the conceptual framework and the exploitation for research and knowledge transfer purposes of audiovisual sources, in particular in-depth interviews with key individual players of the European integration process. The interviews are chiefly conducted for research purposes, namely to provide new primary sources as complementary material to written text that can help to contrast and refine research findings, and also as a source of corroborative evidence that can offer unique insights given the nature of the medium and provide a “behind-the-scenes” view of European integration. It can be also seen as a cross-cutting method that fosters interdisciplinary and holistic approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailBUILDING A PIECE OF THE MOON: CONSTRUCTION OF TWO INDOOR LUNAR ANALOGUE ENVIRONMENTS
Ludivig, Philippe UL; Calzada-Diaz, Abigail; Olivares Mendez, Miguel Angel UL et al

in Proceedings of the 71st International Astronautical Congress 2020 (2020, October 12)

Developing and testing autonomous systems to ensure that they work reliably on the moon is a difficult task, as testing on location is not an option. Instead, engineers rely on simulations, testing ... [more ▼]

Developing and testing autonomous systems to ensure that they work reliably on the moon is a difficult task, as testing on location is not an option. Instead, engineers rely on simulations, testing facilities and outdoor lunar analogues. Due to the lack of lunar analogue testing facilities in Europe, ispace Europe and the University of Luxembourg have teamed up to build two of these facilities with the goal of designing new vision-based navigation systems. These systems will enable autonomous long-range traverses for lunar rovers. These two facilities have a surface area of 64 and 77 square meters, respectively. Regarding the type of testing needed for vision-based systems, the optical fidelity of the environment has been considered as the most important factor. Thus, different types of Basalt have been used for the two facilities to create a larger number of possible landscapes, such as craters, hills, rocky areas and smooth planar surfaces. Regolith simulant was also considered but, due to the health restrictions and the cost factor, basalt was selected instead. As a result, this has allowed for larger testing areas. The illumination setup has been designed to simulate the highland regions of the Moon, with a single light source positioned low above the horizon, casting long shadows over the entire area. To mitigate problems with feature detection algorithms picking up features at the edge of the facility, the walls have been painted black. This also produces high contrast shadows, which is exactly what makes vision-based navigation challenging in the polar regions. The outcome of this research is a set of lessons learned which will enable other researchers to replicate similar facilities and to reproduce the same fidelity in indoor testing for future vision-based navigation systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (18 UL)
See detailBuilding a Sustainable University from Scratch: Anticipating the Urban, Regional and Planning Dimension of the ‘Cité des Sciences Belval’, in Esch-sur-Alzette and Sanem, Luxembourg
Becker, Tom UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in König, Ariane (Ed.) Regenerative Sustainable Development Of Universities And Cities The Role of Living Laboratories (2013)

This chapter deals with the context of knowledge regions and the related regional economic and urban planning implications, particularly in the case of the University of Luxembourg, which is being ... [more ▼]

This chapter deals with the context of knowledge regions and the related regional economic and urban planning implications, particularly in the case of the University of Luxembourg, which is being relocated to the entirely new setting of Belval in the old industrialised South of the country in Esch-sur-Alzette, and Sanem, respectively. In order to discuss this case, the specificities of Luxembourg (state, policy, role of science, planning, urban issues, cross-border problems) have to be taken into account. Finally, we shed some light on a series of sustainable development issues. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding a virtual ligand screening pipeline using free software: a survey
Glaab, Enrico UL

in Briefings in Bioinformatics (2015)

Virtual screening, the search for bioactive compounds via computational methods, provides a wide range of opportunities to speed up drug development and reduce the associated risks and costs. While ... [more ▼]

Virtual screening, the search for bioactive compounds via computational methods, provides a wide range of opportunities to speed up drug development and reduce the associated risks and costs. While virtual screening is already a standard practice in pharmaceutical companies, its applications in preclinical academic research still remain under-exploited, in spite of an increasing availability of dedicated free databases and software tools. In this survey, an overview of recent developments in this field is presented, focusing on free software and data repositories for screening as alternatives to their commercial counterparts, and outlining how available resources can be interlinked into a comprehensive virtual screening pipeline using typical academic computing facilities. Finally, to facilitate the set-up of corresponding pipelines, a downloadable software system is provided, using platform virtualization to integrate pre-installed screening tools and scripts for reproducible application across different operating systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 195 (28 UL)
See detailBuilding Blocks for the Development of an International Framework for the Governance of Space Resources Activities: A Commentary
de O. Bittencourt Neto, Olavo; Hofmann, Mahulena UL; Masson-Zwaan, Tanja et al

Book published by Eleven - 1st (2020)

The publication is a result of the work of an international interdisciplinary working group which formulated principles of an international regime which can govern the space resources activities. It has ... [more ▼]

The publication is a result of the work of an international interdisciplinary working group which formulated principles of an international regime which can govern the space resources activities. It has been submitted to the UN Copuos. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding blocks of self-sustained activity in a simple deterministic model of excitable neural networks.
Garcia, Guadalupe Clara UL; Lesne, Annick; Hütt, Marc T et al

in Frontiers in computational neuroscience (2012), 6

Understanding the interplay of topology and dynamics of excitable neural networks is one of the major challenges in computational neuroscience. Here we employ a simple deterministic excitable model to ... [more ▼]

Understanding the interplay of topology and dynamics of excitable neural networks is one of the major challenges in computational neuroscience. Here we employ a simple deterministic excitable model to explore how network-wide activation patterns are shaped by network architecture. Our observables are co-activation patterns, together with the average activity of the network and the periodicities in the excitation density. Our main results are: (1) the dependence of the correlation between the adjacency matrix and the instantaneous (zero time delay) co-activation matrix on global network features (clustering, modularity, scale-free degree distribution), (2) a correlation between the average activity and the amount of small cycles in the graph, and (3) a microscopic understanding of the contributions by 3-node and 4-node cycles to sustained activity. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailBuilding Bridges Across Heritage Silos
Kontiza, Kalliopi; Jones, Catherine UL; Padfield, Joseph et al

Poster (2018, June)

This research considers how best to cross the divides that exist between: (1) disparate practices between research fields (2) disparate interpretations of shared cultural heritage by the public and (3 ... [more ▼]

This research considers how best to cross the divides that exist between: (1) disparate practices between research fields (2) disparate interpretations of shared cultural heritage by the public and (3) disparate cultural heritage objects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (2 UL)
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See detailBuilding Bridges or a Bridge Too Far? The "Macedonia" Name Agreement, and the Past, Present and Future of Greek Interstate Relations.
Paravantis, Spero UL

Presentation (2019, April 29)

The “Macedonia” name issue has been a constant point of contention between Greece and the newly re-named Republic of North Macedonia, since the breakup of Yugoslavia. With the origins of the dispute ... [more ▼]

The “Macedonia” name issue has been a constant point of contention between Greece and the newly re-named Republic of North Macedonia, since the breakup of Yugoslavia. With the origins of the dispute stretching back to the Second World War, the “Prespa Agreement,” signed between the two Balkan neighbors in June 2018 (coming into force in February 2019) is hoped to be a new beginning in interstate relations in the Balkans. Through Prime Ministers Tspiras and Zeav have adopted warm facades in front of the cameras, significant opposition to the agreement domestically and abroad highlights the transnational / international legacy and implications of this dispute. In this lecture, Dr, Spero Paravantes will examine the history of the dispute over the name “Macedonia.” He will then explain the Prespa Agreement, some of the controversies surrounding it, and he will discuss the role played in the dispute (and in the agreement) by foreign diplomats. He will concluded with an assessment of the domestic and international implications of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), becoming the Republic of North Macedonia. (Link: http://events.berkeley.edu/index.php/calendar/sn/ies.html?event_ID=124978&date=2019-04-29&filter=Target/Open%20To%20Audiences&filtersel=) (Summary: https://ies.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/shared/docs/newsletters/IES%20Spring%202019%20News%20final.pdf) [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding bridges or building people? On the role of engineering in education.
Biesta, Gert UL

in Journal of Curriculum Studies (2009), 41(1), 13-16

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (1 UL)
See detailBuilding bridges or taking the ferry: Pidgins, Creoles and Language Acquisition in a Multilingual Setting
Ehrhart, Sabine UL; Hélot, Christine

Presentation (2004, May 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)
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See detailBuilding Capacity for Comparative and International Social Sciences: Inter-organizational Collaboration and EU Research Funding & Degree Programs
Powell, Justin J W UL

Scientific Conference (2019)

In this essay, I present global mega-trends in higher education and science (expansion, competition, collaboration), discuss regional shifts in scientific publication globally since 1900 and systematic ... [more ▼]

In this essay, I present global mega-trends in higher education and science (expansion, competition, collaboration), discuss regional shifts in scientific publication globally since 1900 and systematic attempts to build capacity for knowledge production, especially in research universities. Pure exponential growth in the publication of research articles is matched by rising international, interorganizational, and transdisciplinary collaboration. The implications of these patterns, especially for international and comparative social sciences, are then briefly delineated on the basis of the case of EU research funding (Framework Programmes) and joint degree programs (Erasmus Mundus) that promote sustainable collaborations across borders in Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 399 (5 UL)