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See detailThe welfare impacts of an immigration amnesty: how drastic could they be?
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL

Scientific Conference (2015, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL)
See detailThe welfare impacts of an immigration amnesty: how drastic could they be?
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL

Scientific Conference (2015, December 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 UL)
See detailThe welfare impacts of an immigration amnesty: how drastic could they be?
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL

Presentation (2016, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 UL)
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See detailWelfare Regimes, Cohorts and the Middle Classes
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Gornick, Janet C.; Jäntti, Markus (Eds.) Income Inequality : Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 583 (42 UL)
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See detailWelfare retrenchment
Ebbinghaus, Bernhard UL

in Wright, J.D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (1 UL)
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See detailThe welfare state and anti-poverty policy in rich countries
Marx, Ive; Nolan, Brian; Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

in Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. (Eds.) Handbook of Income Distribution (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 176 (19 UL)
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See detailThe Welfare State and Anti-Poverty Policy in Rich Countries
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL; Marx, Ive; Nolan, Brian

E-print/Working paper (2014)

This paper is prepared as a chapter for the Handbook of Income Distribution, Volume 2 (edited by A. B. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon, Elsevier-North Holland, forthcoming). Like the other chapters in the ... [more ▼]

This paper is prepared as a chapter for the Handbook of Income Distribution, Volume 2 (edited by A. B. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon, Elsevier-North Holland, forthcoming). Like the other chapters in the volume (and its predecessor), the aim is to provide a comprehensive review of a particular area of research. The aim of this chapter is to highlight some key aspects of recent economic research on the welfare state and anti-poverty policy in rich countries, and explore their implications. We begin with the conceptualisation and measurement of poverty, before sketching out some core features and approaches to the welfare state and anti-poverty policies. We then focus on the central plank of the modern welfare state’s efforts to address poverty, namely social protection, discussing in turn the inactive working-age population, child income support, in-work poverty, and retirement and old-age pensions. After that we discuss social spending on other than cash transfers: the labour market, education, training and activation, and finally intergenerational transmission, childhood and neighbourhoods. We also discuss the welfare state and anti-poverty policy in the context of the economic crisis which began in 2007-8, and the implications for strategies aimed at combining economic growth and employment with making serious inroads into poverty. We conclude with highlighting directions for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailWelfare, home market effects, and horizontal foreign direct investment
Behrens, Kristian; Picard, Pierre M UL

in Canadian Journal of Economics (2007), 36(3), 523-545

We investigate the spatial distribution and organization of an imperfectly competitive industry when firms may choose to operate more than a single production unit. Focusing on a short-run setting with a ... [more ▼]

We investigate the spatial distribution and organization of an imperfectly competitive industry when firms may choose to operate more than a single production unit. Focusing on a short-run setting with a fixed mass of firms, we first fully characterize the spatial equilibria analytically. Comparing the equilibrium and the first-best, we secondly show that both organizational and spatial inefficiencies may arise. In particular, when fixed costs are low, when transport costs are high, and when products are close substitutes, the market outcome may well have to too many multinationals operating from a social point of view (`over-investment'). As a by-product, under-agglomeration of exporters in the larger market may arise. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (3 UL)
See detailWelfare, Inequality and Financial Consequences of a Multi-pillar Pension System
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

The distributional impact of the structural pension reform in Latin American countries has been largely absent in the economic debate. However, this reform may widen inequality in old-age and reduce ... [more ▼]

The distributional impact of the structural pension reform in Latin American countries has been largely absent in the economic debate. However, this reform may widen inequality in old-age and reduce welfare. In this paper we study the consequences of implementing a multi-pillar system in one of these countries. We take advantage of available administrative records for Peruvian workers to estimate inequality in pensions, pension debt and welfare. Overall, our results show that the pension debt and inequality can be substantially reduced without welfare losses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 UL)
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See detailWelfare-Based Income Insecurity in the US and Germany: Evidence from Harmonized Panel Data
d'ambrosio, Conchita UL; Rohde, Nicholas; Tang, Kam Ki et al

in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2020), 176

This paper develops normative approaches for measuring individual-level income insecurity. Using concepts derived from Expected Utility Theory and Prospect Theory, we build a suite of measures designed to ... [more ▼]

This paper develops normative approaches for measuring individual-level income insecurity. Using concepts derived from Expected Utility Theory and Prospect Theory, we build a suite of measures designed to capture various facets of psychologically distressing income risk. We present an application for the US and Germany from 1993-2013, employing conditionally heteroskedastic fixed-effects models to generate predictive densities for future incomes. Our results reveal much higher levels of income risk in the US relative to Germany, which can be mostly attributed to a higher level of autonomous, time-invariant volatility. State-by-state variations in liberal/conservative political administrations partially explain our results, and we find some evidence that trade exposure is a contributing factor in the US. [less ▲]

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See detailWell Conditioned and Optimally Convergent Extended Finite Elements and Vector Level Sets for Three-Dimensional Crack Propagation
Agathos, Konstantinos UL; Ventura, Giulio; Chatzi, Eleni et al

Scientific Conference (2016, June)

A three-dimensional (3D) version of the vector level set method [1] is combined to a well conditioned and optimally convergent XFEM variant in order to deal with non-planar three dimensional crack ... [more ▼]

A three-dimensional (3D) version of the vector level set method [1] is combined to a well conditioned and optimally convergent XFEM variant in order to deal with non-planar three dimensional crack propagation problems. The proposed computational fracture method achieves optimal convergence rates by using tip enriched elements in a fixed volume around the crack front (geometrical enrichment) while keeping conditioning of the resulting system matrices in acceptable levels. Conditioning is controlled by using a three dimensional extension of the degree of freedom gathering technique [2]. Moreover, blending errors are minimized and conditioning is further improved by employing weight function blending and enrichment function shifting [3,4]. As far as crack representation is concerned, crack surfaces are represented by linear quadrilateral elements and the corresponding crack fronts by ordered series of linear segments. Level set values are obtained by projecting points at the crack surface and front respectively. Different criteria are employed in order to assess the quality of the crack representation. References [1] Ventura G., Budyn E. and Belytschko T. Vector level sets for description of propagating cracks in finite elements. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 58:1571-1592 (2003). [2] Laborde P., Pommier J., Renard Y. and Salaün M. High-order extended finite element method for cracked domains. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 64:354-381 (2005). [3] Fries T.P. A corrected XFEM approximation without problems in blending elements. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 75:503-532 (2008). [4] Ventura G., Gracie R. and Belytschko T. Fast integration and weight function blending in the extended finite element method. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 77:1-29 (2009). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 176 (15 UL)
See detailWell-being an Experiences vu Kanner während dem Lockdown
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Neumann, Sascha

Presentation (2020, November 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 UL)
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See detailWell-being and working from home during COVID-19
Schifano, Sonia UL; Clark, Andrew; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

in Information Technology and People (in press)

Purpose – The authors track the well-being of individuals across five European countries during the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and relate their well-being to working from ... [more ▼]

Purpose – The authors track the well-being of individuals across five European countries during the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and relate their well-being to working from home. The authors also consider the role of pandemic-policy stringency in affecting well-being in Europe. Design/methodology/approach – The authors have four waves of novel harmonised longitudinal data in France, Italy, Germany, Spain and Sweden, covering the period May–November 2020. Well-being is measured in five dimensions: life satisfaction, a worthwhile life, loneliness, depression and anxiety. A retrospective diary indicates whether the individual was working in each month since February 2020 and if so whether at home or not at home. Policy stringency is matched in per country at the daily level. The authors consider both cross- section and panel regressions and the mediating and moderating effects of control variables, including household variables and income. Findings – Well-being among workers is lower for those who work from home, and those who are not working have the lowest well-being of all. The panel results are more mitigated, with switching into working at home yielding a small drop in anxiety. The panel and cross-section difference could reflect adaptation or the selection of certain types of individuals into working at home. Policy stringency is always negatively correlated with well-being. The authors find no mediation effects. The well-being penalty from working at home is larger for the older, the better-educated, those with young children and those with more crowded housing. Originality/value – The harmonised cross-country panel data on individuals’ experiences during COVID-19 are novel. The authors relate working from home and policy stringency to multiple well-being measures. The authors emphasise the effect of working from home on not only the level of well-being but also its distribution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (12 UL)
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See detailWell-being differences in old-age in Europe: the Active Ageing Index by cohorts
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The goal of this paper is to study and explain the differences in wellbeing in old age across cohorts and countries in Europe. This is done with the replication of the Active Ageing Index for cohorts ... [more ▼]

The goal of this paper is to study and explain the differences in wellbeing in old age across cohorts and countries in Europe. This is done with the replication of the Active Ageing Index for cohorts formed by age group, sex and country for 2012. The analysis is performed with different model regressions at the cohort level and introducing macro variables at the country level. In general, there is a gap in active ageing in detriment of females which is larger in older cohorts. In addition, wealth, equity and pension settings of the country are important predictors for better active ageing. Finally, it is found that the Social-Democratic welfare regime (Nordic countries) with its set of strong redistributive policies, is the most favourable system for active ageing. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 298 (83 UL)
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See detailA well-conditioned and optimally convergent XFEM for 3D linear elastic fracture
Agathos, Konstantinos; Chatzi, Eleni; Bordas, Stéphane UL et al

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (n.d.)

A variation of the extended finite element method for 3D fracture mechanics is proposed. It utilizes global enrichment and point-wise as well as integral matching of displacements of the standard and ... [more ▼]

A variation of the extended finite element method for 3D fracture mechanics is proposed. It utilizes global enrichment and point-wise as well as integral matching of displacements of the standard and enriched elements in order to achieve higher accuracy, optimal convergence rates and improved conditioning for two and three dimensional crack problems. A bespoke benchmark problem is introduced to determine the method's accuracy in the general 3D case where it is demonstrated that the proposed approach improves the accuracy and reduces the number of iterations required for the iterative solution of the resulting system of equations by 40% for moderately refined meshes and topological enrichment. Moreover, when a fixed enrichment volume is used, the number of iterations required grows at a rate which is reduced by a factor of 2 compared to standard XFEM, diminishing the number of iterations by almost one order of magnitude. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 329 (10 UL)
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See detailWellbeing and perceived stigma in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia : a daily diary study
Van Alboom, Maité; De Ruddere, Lies; Kindt, Sara et al

in CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 UL)
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See detailDie Welt der Amateurfilmer: Luxemburger Cineasten nehmen am Weltkongress der Unica teil
Wack, Julia UL

Article for general public (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (0 UL)
See detailDie Welt im 16. Jahrhundert
Feldbauer, Peter; Lehners, Jean-Paul UL

Book published by Magnus Verlag (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 UL)
See detailWeltatlas Sozialen Arbeit - Jenseits aller Vermessungen
Bähr, Christiane; Homfeldt, Hans Günther; Schröder, Christian UL et al

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (2 UL)