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See detailTrend-Aware Proactive Caching via Tensor Train Decomposition: A Bayesian Viewpoint
Mehrizi Rahmat Abadi, Sajad UL; X. Vu, Thang; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society (2021), (4369),

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (11 UL)
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See detailTrend-Aware Proactive Caching via Tensor Train Decomposition: A Bayesian Viewpoint
Mehrizi Rahmat Abadi, Sajad UL; X. Vu, Thang; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society (2021), (4369),

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (11 UL)
See detailTrends and Challenges in Combating Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in the U.S.
Tosza, Stanislaw UL; Kajić, Matija

in Tosza, Stanislaw; Vervaele, John A. E. (Eds.) Combatting Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (2022)

Most of the illicit tobacco trade (ITT) in the USA is caused by high tax rates on cigarettes in many states and localities and the availability of much cheaper cigarettes from low tax states and other low ... [more ▼]

Most of the illicit tobacco trade (ITT) in the USA is caused by high tax rates on cigarettes in many states and localities and the availability of much cheaper cigarettes from low tax states and other low-tax jurisdictions, such as Tribal lands or Internet sales from domestic sellers or international sellers (who can evade all U.S. federal, state, local cigarette taxes). This chapter aims to give an account of how the U.S. deals with this and other problems of illicit tobacco trade, including both its successes and its shortcomings. The chapter gives an account of necessary aspects of regulation, and explains the enforcement side, including policy, applicable law, and agency involvement. Particular attention is paid to central challenges of U.S. efforts to fight the ITT, including prioritisation of ITT in comparison to other criminal activities, data on ITT related criminal activity, track and trace systems, and coordination among responsible agencies and levels of government. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 UL)
See detailTrends and Players in tax policy: Greece
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

Presentation (2013, July)

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See detailTrends and Players in Tax Policy: Greece
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in M. Lang et al. (Ed.) Trends and Players in Tax Policy (2016)

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See detailTrends and transitions
Vögele, Claus UL

in European Journal of Health Psychology (2018), 25(1), 1

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See detailTrends from 2006-2018 in Health, Health Behaviour, Health Outcomes and Social Context of Adolescents in Luxembourg
Heinz, Andreas UL; van Duin, Claire UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL et al

Report (2020)

This report shows how 30 health indicators developed in the four Luxembourg HBSC surveys conducted in 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018. There were positive trends especially in the health behaviour of the pupils ... [more ▼]

This report shows how 30 health indicators developed in the four Luxembourg HBSC surveys conducted in 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018. There were positive trends especially in the health behaviour of the pupils: they smoke less and drink less alcohol. They also report more frequently that they brush their teeth regularly, eat more fruit and fewer sweets and consume fewer soft drinks. From 2006-2018, however, there were also deteriorations. For example, more pupils feel stressed from school and rate the climate among classmates worse. In addition, there are more pupils who are overweight and exercise less and more pupils report having psychosomatic health complaints. [less ▲]

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See detailTrends in cannabis consumption among youth in Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; van Duin, Claire UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, September)

Background: Cannabis is the most widely consumed illegal drug worldwide. Among adolescents, cannabis use is a risk factor for cognitive decline, mental illness, social problems, and the use of other ... [more ▼]

Background: Cannabis is the most widely consumed illegal drug worldwide. Among adolescents, cannabis use is a risk factor for cognitive decline, mental illness, social problems, and the use of other psychoactive drugs. The current study presents trends in cannabis consumption among adolescents in Luxembourg. Methods: The Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) Study in Luxembourg collected data in 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018 using a standardized paper-pencil questionnaire. In total, 23,346 secondary schools students aged 11 to 18 years old (M=15.51, SD=1.53) responded to questions on cannabis, tobacco and alcohol consumption (lifetime and the past 30 days). Findings: In general, students who never used cannabis significantly increased over the four HBSC study waves (78%, 81.2%, 81%, 84%), whereas trends are similar for boys (74.5%, 77%, 78.2%, 81.4%), but not for girls (81.5%, 85%, 83.2%, 86.3%). Cannabis use (past 30 days) significantly differ for girls (94.1%, 94.1%, 92.8%, 93.7%), but not in general (91.7%, 92%, 90.9%, 91.7%), neither for boys (89.3%, 90.1%, 88.6%, 89.6%). Discussion: Cannabis lifetime use remains high for both genders. While consumption in the last 30 days remained stable for boys, it increased for girls over the past years. Tailored preventive interventions, based on health psychological models, are essential to educate adolescents about the social-cognitive risks of cannabis use and strengthen their capacities and resilience to resist experimental drug use and social pressure. In a context where legalization policies are discussed in various European countries, e-health approaches, for example, could be widely implemented in a cost-effective manner. [less ▲]

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See detailTrends in childhood type 1 diabetes incidence in Europe during 1989-2008: evidence of non-uniformity over time in rates of increase
Patterson, C.C.; Gyürüs, E.; Rosenbauer, J. et al

in Diabetologia (2012), 55(8), 2142-2147

Aims/hypothesis The aim of the study was to describe 20- year incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in 23 EURODIAB centres and compare rates of increase in the first (1989–1998) and second ... [more ▼]

Aims/hypothesis The aim of the study was to describe 20- year incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in 23 EURODIAB centres and compare rates of increase in the first (1989–1998) and second (1999–2008) halves of the period. Methods All registers operate in geographically defined regions and are based on a clinical diagnosis. Completeness of registration is assessed by capture–recapture methodology. Twenty-three centres in 19 countries registered 49,969 new cases of type 1 diabetes in individuals diagnosed before their 15th birthday during the period studied. Results Ascertainment exceeded 90% in most registers. During the 20-year period, all but one register showed statistically significant changes in incidence, with rates universally increasing. When estimated separately for the first and second halves of the period, the median rates of increase were similar: 3.4% per annum and 3.3% per annum, respectively. However, rates of increase differed significantly between the first half and the second half for nine of the 21 registers with adequate coverage of both periods; five registers showed significantly higher rates of increase in the first half, and four significantly higher rates in the second half. Conclusions/interpretation The incidence rate of childhood type 1 diabetes continues to rise across Europe by an average of approximately 3–4% per annum, but the increase is not necessarily uniform, showing periods of less rapid and more rapid increase in incidence in some registers. This pattern of change suggests that important risk exposures differ over time in different European countries. Further time trend analysis and comparison of the patterns in defined regions is warranted. [less ▲]

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See detailTrends in Model-based GUI Testing
Arlt, Stephan UL; Bertolini, Cristiano; Pahl, Simon et al

in Advances in Computers (2012), 86

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See detailTrends in Rainfall and Economic Growth In Africa: A Neglected Cause of the African Growth Tragedy
Barrios, Salvador; Bertinelli, Luisito UL; Strobl, Eric

in Review of Economics and Statistics (2010), 92(2), 350-366

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See detailTrends in service delivery: Psychological practice in rehabilitation settings
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Padrone, Frank; Feinblatt, Arlene et al

in Rehabilitation Outllook (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (2 UL)
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See detailTrends in Service Delivery: Psychological Practice in Rehabilitation Settings
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Padrone, F; Feinblatt, A et al

Scientific Conference (1995, August)

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See detailTrends in the incidence of childhood onset diabetes in Europe. 1989-1998
Green, A.; Patterson, C.C.; De Beaufort, Carine UL

in Diabetologia (2001), 44(3), 3-8

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To study the epidemiology of childhood-onset (Type I) insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Europe, the EURODIAB collaborative group in 1988 established prospective, geographically ... [more ▼]

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To study the epidemiology of childhood-onset (Type I) insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Europe, the EURODIAB collaborative group in 1988 established prospective, geographically-defined registers of all children diagnosed with Type I diabetes under 15 years of age. This report is based on 24,423 children, registered by 36 centres, with complete participation during the period 1989-1998 and representing most European countries with a population coverage of approximately 20 million children. METHODS: Multiple sources of ascertainment were used to validate the level of ascertainment. Trends in Type I diabetes incidence during the period were analysed using Poisson regression with the results from the 36 centres pooled into nine regions. RESULTS: The standardised average annual incidence rate of Type I diabetes varied more than tenfold between centres. Overall, the annual increase in incidence was 3.2% (95%-CI: 2.7%, 3.7%), being highest for children in the 0-4-year age-group 4.8% (3.8%, 5.9%) and lowest for children in the 10-14-year age group 2.1 % (1.4%, 2.8%). However, the absolute increases in Type I diabetes were roughly similar in the three age-groups of 0-4, 5-9 and 10-14 years. Central Eastern Europe showed the highest increase whereas Sardinia and Northern Europe (except Finland) showed no evidence of an increase. For all age-groups relatively fewer cases had disease onset during the summer months, especially the 10-14-year age-group. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: The extremely large range of incidence rates within Europe has been confirmed. The incidence rate is generally increasing but is more pronounced in some regions than in others. Seasonality at disease onset is apparent even in the youngest age-group. [less ▲]

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See detailTrends in UK Mean Sea Level revisited
Woodworth, P.; Teferle, Felix Norman UL; Bingley, R. M. et al

in Geophysical Journal International (2009), 179(179), 19-30

This paper presents estimates of rates of mean sea level (MSL) change around the UK based on a larger tide gauge data set and more accurate analysis methods than have been employed so far. The spatial ... [more ▼]

This paper presents estimates of rates of mean sea level (MSL) change around the UK based on a larger tide gauge data set and more accurate analysis methods than have been employed so far. The spatial variation of the trend in MSL is found to be similar to that inferred from geological information and from advanced geodetic techniques, which is a similar conclusion to that arrived at in previous, less precise and complete studies. The tide gauge MSL trends for 1901 onwards are estimated to be 1.4 +/- 0.2 mm/year larger than those inferred from geology or geodetic methods, suggesting a regional sea level rise of climate change origin several 1/10s mm/year lower than global estimates for the 20th century. However, UK MSL change cannot be described in terms of a simple linear increase alone but includes variations on interannual and decadal timescales. The possible sources of variation in a ‘UK sea level index’ are explored. Air pressure is clearly one such possible source but its direct local forcing through the ‘inverse barometer’ accounts for only one third of the observed variability. A number of larger scale atmospheric and ocean processes must also play important roles, but modelling them satisfactorily and separating the individual contributions presents a major challenge. As regards future regional UK sea level changes, one concludes that there is no basis for major modification to existing projections for the 2080s included in the 2002 UK Climate Impacts Programme studies. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Treuhand:aktuelle Entwicklung in den Civil law-Staaten und Libanon
Prüm, André UL; Witz, Claude

in Zeitschrift für Europäisches Privatrecht (2006)

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See detailLes Trévires vus par le jésuite luxembourgeois Alexandre Wiltheim
Binsfeld, Andrea UL

in Hébert, Oriane; Pechoux, Ludivine (Eds.) Quand l’usage fait l’image. Les Gaulois, de la manipulation historique à l’archétype (2017)

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See detailThe Trial to Reduce IDDM in the Genetically at Risk (TRIGR) study: recruitment, intervention and follow-up.
Akerblom, H.K.; Krischer, J; Virtanen, SM et al

in Diabetologia (2011), 54(3), 627-633

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The Trial to Reduce IDDM in the Genetically at Risk (TRIGR) study was designed to establish whether weaning to a highly hydrolysed formula in infancy subsequently reduces the risk of type ... [more ▼]

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The Trial to Reduce IDDM in the Genetically at Risk (TRIGR) study was designed to establish whether weaning to a highly hydrolysed formula in infancy subsequently reduces the risk of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The study population comprises newborn infants who have first-degree relatives with type 1 diabetes and meet the increased risk HLA inclusion, but not exclusion criteria. The study is being performed in 15 countries in three continents. First-degree relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes were identified from diabetes clinics, diabetes registries, and from other endocrinology or obstetrics offices and websites. HLA typing was performed at birth from cord or heel stick blood, and the results sent to the study's Data Management Unit within 2 weeks for communication of eligibility to the clinical study centre. All mothers recruited were encouraged to breastfeed. The intervention lasted for 6 to 8 months, and weaning formulas based on hydrolysed casein and standard cow's milk were compared. RESULTS: TRIGR recruited 5,606 infants, of whom 2,160 were enrolled as eligible participants, 6% more than the target of 2,032. Of those enrolled, 80% were exposed to the study formula. The overall retention rate over the first 5 years is 87%, with protocol compliance at 94%. The randomisation code will be opened when the last recruited child turns 10 years of age, i.e. in 2017. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The TRIGR experience demonstrates the feasibility and successful implementation of an international dietary intervention study. TRIGR is the first ever primary prevention trial for type 1 diabetes and, if completed successfully, will provide a definite answer to the research question. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00179777 FUNDING: The study was funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) and National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health (NIH) (grant numbers HD040364, HD042444 and HD051997), Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International and the Commission of the European Communities (specific RTD programme 'Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources', contract number QLK1-2002-00372 'Diabetes Prevention'. Other funding came from the EFSD/JDRF/Novo Nordisk Focused Research Grant, Academy of Finland, Dutch Diabetes Research Foundation and Finnish Diabetes Research Foundation). [less ▲]

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See detailTriathlon of Lightweight Block Ciphers for the Internet of Things
Dinu, Dumitru-Daniel UL; Le Corre, Yann UL; Khovratovich, Dmitry UL et al

in Journal of Cryptographic Engineering (2019), 9(3), 283-302

In this paper, we introduce a framework for the benchmarking of lightweight block ciphers on a multitude of embedded platforms. Our framework is able to evaluate the execution time, RAM footprint, as well ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we introduce a framework for the benchmarking of lightweight block ciphers on a multitude of embedded platforms. Our framework is able to evaluate the execution time, RAM footprint, as well as binary code size, and allows one to define a custom "figure of merit" according to which all evaluated candidates can be ranked. We used the framework to benchmark implementations of 19 lightweight ciphers, namely AES, Chaskey, Fantomas, HIGHT, LBlock, LEA, LED, Piccolo, PRESENT, PRIDE, PRINCE, RC5, RECTANGLE, RoadRunneR, Robin, Simon, SPARX, Speck, and TWINE, on three microcontroller platforms: 8-bit AVR, 16-bit MSP430, and 32-bit ARM. Our results bring some new insights into the question of how well these lightweight ciphers are suited to secure the Internet of things. The benchmarking framework provides cipher designers with an easy-to-use tool to compare new algorithms with the state of the art and allows standardization organizations to conduct a fair and consistent evaluation of a large number of candidates. [less ▲]

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See detailTriathlon of Lightweight Block Ciphers for the Internet of Things
Dinu, Dumitru-Daniel UL; Le Corre, Yann UL; Khovratovich, Dmitry UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, July)

In this paper we introduce an open framework for the benchmarking of lightweight block ciphers on a multitude of embedded platforms. Our framework is able to evaluate execution time, RAM footprint, as ... [more ▼]

In this paper we introduce an open framework for the benchmarking of lightweight block ciphers on a multitude of embedded platforms. Our framework is able to evaluate execution time, RAM footprint, as well as (binary) code size, and allows a user to define a custom "figure of merit" according to which all evaluated candidates can be ranked. We used the framework to benchmark various implementations of 13 lightweight ciphers, namely AES, Fantomas, HIGHT, LBlock, LED, Piccolo, PRESENT, PRINCE, RC5, Robin, Simon, Speck, and TWINE, on three different platforms: 8-bit ATmega, 16-bit MSP430, and 32-bit ARM. Our results give new insights to the question of how well these ciphers are suited to secure the Internet of Things (IoT). The benchmarking framework provides cipher designers with a tool to compare new algorithms with the state-of-the-art and allows standardization bodies to conduct a fair and comprehensive evaluation of a large number of candidates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 481 (30 UL)