Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork fluctuations in quantum spin chains
Dorosz, Sven UL; Platini, Thierry; Karevski, Dragi

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2008), 77(5),

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (0 UL)
See detailWork in Post-Slavery Societies: Gender and Generations
Harnoncourt, Julia UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork in Progress! Negotiating Visual Politics at the Centre national de l'audiovisuel in Luxembourg
Poos, Françoise UL

in Priem, Karin; te Heesen, Kerstin (Eds.) On Display: Visual Politics, Material Culture and Education (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork producing reservoirs: Stochastic thermodynamics with generalized Gibbs ensembles
Horowitz, Jordan M.; Esposito, Massimiliano UL

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2016), 94(020102),

We develop a consistent stochastic thermodynamics for environments composed of thermodynamic reservoirs in an external conservative force field, that is, environments described by the generalized or Gibbs ... [more ▼]

We develop a consistent stochastic thermodynamics for environments composed of thermodynamic reservoirs in an external conservative force field, that is, environments described by the generalized or Gibbs canonical ensemble. We demonstrate that small systems weakly coupled to such reservoirs exchange both heat and work by verifying a local detailed balance relation for the induced stochastic dynamics. Based on this analysis, we help to rationalize the observation that nonthermal reservoirs can increase the efficiency of thermodynamic heat engines. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork Statistics across a Quantum Phase Transition
Fei, Zhaoyu; Freitas, Nahuel; Cavina, Vasco UL et al

in Physical Review Letters (2020), 124(17), 170603

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork statistics in stochastically driven systems
Verley, Gatien UL; Van den Broeck, Christian; Esposito, Massimiliano UL

in New Journal of Physics (2014), 16

We identify the conditions under which a stochastic driving that induces energy changes into a system coupled with a thermal bath can be treated as a work source. When these conditions are met, the work ... [more ▼]

We identify the conditions under which a stochastic driving that induces energy changes into a system coupled with a thermal bath can be treated as a work source. When these conditions are met, the work statistics satisfy the Crooks fluctuation theorem traditionally derived for deterministic drivings. We illustrate this fact by calculating and comparing the work statistics for a two-level system driven respectively by a stochastic and a deterministic piecewise constant protocol. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 177 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork Statistics, Loschmidt Echo and Information Scrambling in Chaotic Quantum Systems
Chenu, Aurélia UL; Molina-Vilaplana, J.; Del Campo Echevarria, Adolfo UL

in Quantum (2019), 3

Characterizing the work statistics of driven complex quantum systems is generally challenging because of the exponential growth with the system size of the number of transitions involved between different ... [more ▼]

Characterizing the work statistics of driven complex quantum systems is generally challenging because of the exponential growth with the system size of the number of transitions involved between different energy levels. We consider the quantum work distribution associated with the driving of chaotic quantum systems described by random matrix Hamiltonians and characterize exactly the work statistics associated with a sudden quench for arbitrary temperature and system size. Knowledge of the work statistics yields the Loschmidt echo dynamics of an entangled state between two copies of the system of interest, the thermofield double state. This echo dynamics is dictated by the spectral form factor. We discuss its relation to frame potentials and its use to assess information scrambling. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWork-life balance and relationships to others among French teleworkers
Vayre, Emilie; Pignault, Anne UL; Vonthron, Anne-Marie

Scientific Conference (2015, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorkers' Housing Estates and their Residents: Constructions of Space and Collective Constitution of the Subject.
Caregari, Laure UL

in Wille, Christian; Reckinger, Rachel; Kmec, Sonja (Eds.) et al Spaces and Identities in Border Regions. Politics – Media – Subjects. (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorkers’ Movement out of Declining Occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland
Murphy, Emily UL

in European Sociological Review (2014), 30(1), 588-602

The employment structure undergoes constant change. Certain occupations grow while others decline under the pressure of technological advances, internationalization and welfare state reforms. This ... [more ▼]

The employment structure undergoes constant change. Certain occupations grow while others decline under the pressure of technological advances, internationalization and welfare state reforms. This evolution at the aggregate level has been well documented. Our knowledge of how macro-level change in the employment structure is brought about through micro-level career adjustments is less extensive. Drawing on panel data, this paper examines the types of workers most likely to leave occupations that have declined over the past 20 years, and the most likely destination of these exits in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. Overall, we find that women are more likely than men to leave a declining occupation, and the most likely route out of declining occupations for female workers is towards low paid growing occupations. Clerical workers are more likely to exit to high paid growing occupations than production workers, and male production workers are at higher risk than female clerks of exiting into unemployment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA workflow and toolchain proposal for analyzing users’ perceptions in cyber threat intelligence sharing platforms
Stojkovski, Borce UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR) (2021)

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing ... [more ▼]

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing platforms has been notably less investigated by the security research community. Motivated by this research gap, we ground our work in the concrete challenge of understanding users’ perceptions of information sharing in CTI platforms. To this end, we propose a conceptual workflow and toolchain that would seek to verify whether users have an accurate comprehension of how far information travels when shared in a CTI sharing platform. We contextualize our concept within MISP as a use case, and discuss the benefits of our socio-technical approach as a potential tool for security analysis, simulation, or education/training support. We conclude with a brief outline of future work that would seek to evaluate and validate the proposed model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA workflow and toolchain proposal for analyzing users’ perceptions in cyber threat intelligence sharing platforms
Stojkovski, Borce UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR) (2021)

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing ... [more ▼]

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing platforms has been notably less investigated by the security research community. Motivated by this research gap, we ground our work in the concrete challenge of understanding users’ perceptions of information sharing in CTI platforms. To this end, we propose a conceptual workflow and toolchain that would seek to verify whether users have an accurate comprehension of how far information travels when shared in a CTI sharing platform. We contextualize our concept within MISP as a use case, and discuss the benefits of our socio-technical approach as a potential tool for security analysis, simulation, or education/training support. We conclude with a brief outline of future work that would seek to evaluate and validate the proposed model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA workflow and toolchain proposal for analyzing users’ perceptions in cyber threat intelligence sharing platforms
Stojkovski, Borce UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR) (2021)

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing ... [more ▼]

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing platforms has been notably less investigated by the security research community. Motivated by this research gap, we ground our work in the concrete challenge of understanding users’ perceptions of information sharing in CTI platforms. To this end, we propose a conceptual workflow and toolchain that would seek to verify whether users have an accurate comprehension of how far information travels when shared in a CTI sharing platform. We contextualize our concept within MISP as a use case, and discuss the benefits of our socio-technical approach as a potential tool for security analysis, simulation, or education/training support. We conclude with a brief outline of future work that would seek to evaluate and validate the proposed model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA workflow and toolchain proposal for analyzing users’ perceptions in cyber threat intelligence sharing platforms
Stojkovski, Borce UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR) (2021)

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing ... [more ▼]

Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) sharing platforms are valuable tools in cybersecurity. However, despite the fact that effective CTI exchange highly depends on human aspects, cyber behavior in CTI sharing platforms has been notably less investigated by the security research community. Motivated by this research gap, we ground our work in the concrete challenge of understanding users’ perceptions of information sharing in CTI platforms. To this end, we propose a conceptual workflow and toolchain that would seek to verify whether users have an accurate comprehension of how far information travels when shared in a CTI sharing platform. We contextualize our concept within MISP as a use case, and discuss the benefits of our socio-technical approach as a potential tool for security analysis, simulation, or education/training support. We conclude with a brief outline of future work that would seek to evaluate and validate the proposed model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorkforce Transitions and Social Connectedness Among Older Adults in the United States
Settels, Jason UL; Schafer, Markus

in Work, Aging and Retirement (2018)

As the industrialized world faces a rapidly aging population, it has become increasingly important to understand the factors that influence the well-being of older persons. In this regard, many scholars ... [more ▼]

As the industrialized world faces a rapidly aging population, it has become increasingly important to understand the factors that influence the well-being of older persons. In this regard, many scholars have emphasized the importance of social connectedness. Various theories seek to explain social connectedness in later life, particularly as it applies to workforce involvement. Among those theories, we engage the theories of activity-substitution and of complementarity, and we seek to discover which provides a better account of the social and work lives of older Americans. We do so through an analysis of the first 2 waves (Wave 1: 2005–2006, Wave 2: 2010–2011) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP). Workforce transitions over time are assessed for their impact on 3 social connectedness outcomes: expansiveness of close networks, overall friendship network, and social participation. Results provide strong support for the theory of activity-substitution. Furthermore, our results show that those re-entering paid work after some time out of the workforce show the largest changes in social connectedness. The present study reinforces the importance of studying social connectedness as a multidimensional concept and draws attention to the increasing variability in workforce participation patterns among older persons. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorking conditions and work-related anger: A longitudinal perspective
Steffgen, Georges UL; Sischka, Philipp UL

Scientific Conference (2017, November 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (8 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorking conditions indicative of work-related anger
Steffgen, Georges UL; Sischka, Philipp UL; Schmidt, Alexander F. UL

Scientific Conference (2016, July 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (9 UL)
Full Text
See detailWorking Document to support the EMN Inform: EU and OECD Member States responses to managing residence permits and migrant unemployment during the COVID-19 pandemic
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Sheridan, Anne

E-print/Working paper (2020)

The COVID-19 took by surprise most Member States of the European Union, as they underestimated the rapid spread of the contagion in the continent. The response of the Member States was asymmetrical ... [more ▼]

The COVID-19 took by surprise most Member States of the European Union, as they underestimated the rapid spread of the contagion in the continent. The response of the Member States was asymmetrical, individualistic and significantly slow. The first measures taken were to close down the internal borders. The response of the European Union was even slower to the point that and it was not until March 17th 2020 that the external borders were closed. These actions affected legal migration into the European Union from four perspectives: 1) it affected the mobility of those third country nationals who were on temporary stay in the Member States; 2) the entry of third country nationals to do seasonal work; 3) the entry and stay of legal migrants; and 4) the status quo of the third country nationals already residing in the Member States, especially those who have a loss of income. This article will deal with the measures taken by Member States on who to manage the immigration services during the crisis as well as the measures taken in order to deal with overstayers, seasonal workers and other legal migrants. Finally, we will focus in the vulnerable situation that third-country national salaried workers are exposed due to the loss of income or loss of employment in the Member States and the risk of being returned to their country of origin. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorking memory and fluid intelligence
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Gathercole; Conway, A

Poster (2009, November)

The present study investigates how working memory and fluid intelligence are related in young children and which aspect of working memory span tasks– short-term storage or controlled attention - might ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates how working memory and fluid intelligence are related in young children and which aspect of working memory span tasks– short-term storage or controlled attention - might drive the relationship. A sample of 119 children were followed from kindergarten to 2nd grade and completed assessments of working memory, short-term memory, and fluid intelligence. The data showed that working memory, verbal short-term memory, and fluid intelligence were highly related but separate constructs in young children. The results further showed that when the common variance between working memory and short-term memory was controlled, the residual working memory factor manifested significant links with fluid intelligence whereas the residual short-term memory factor did not. These findings suggest that in young children the executive demands rather than the storage component of working memory span tasks are the source of their link with fluid intelligence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 189 (3 UL)