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See detailWhat’s the point of lifelong learning if lifelong learning has no point? On the democratic deficit of policies for lifelong learning.
Biesta, Gert UL

in European Educational Research Journal (2006), 5(3-4), 169-180

Detailed reference viewed: 165 (0 UL)
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See detailWHATS IN A GENOME
BORK, P.; OUZOUNIS, C.; SANDER, C. et al

in Nature (1992), 358(6384), 287-287

Detailed reference viewed: 133 (2 UL)
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See detailWhat´s in a diagnosis: The Effect of Externalizing and Internalizing Students´ Behaviour on Pre-service Teachers' Classroom Management and Interaction Strategies
Glock, Sabine UL; Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL

in British Journal of Educational Psychology (2021)

Background. All over the word, classrooms are getting more and more diverse and teachers are required to effectively manage these classes even when students have special education needs (SEN). Aims. The ... [more ▼]

Background. All over the word, classrooms are getting more and more diverse and teachers are required to effectively manage these classes even when students have special education needs (SEN). Aims. The study aimed to investigate classroom management strategies and interpersonal teacher behaviour in relation to students internalizing and externalizing behaviour, whereby we varied the diagnosis of special educational needs. Sample. Two hundred and fifty-four German pre-service teachers (143 female) with a mean age of 26.04 years participated in the study. Method. Using an experimental between-subjects design, a fictitious student was described as exhibiting either internalizing or externalizing behaviour. Additionally, we varied whether the student was diagnosed as having SEN or not. The participants were asked to indicate which strategies they would apply and how they would interact with students. Results. Results showed that teacher interaction in response to both students with internalizing and externalizing behaviour approached ideal interpersonal teacher behaviour (i.e. high level of cooperativeness with certain level of dominance), whereas pre-service teachers applied all classroom management strategies to minimize effects of student behaviour on learning time. Although pre-service teachers adapted their responses based on type of behaviour, they only made allowances for internalizing behaviour while their response to externalizing behaviour did not vary much as a function of a SEN diagnosis. Conclusions. Together, these findings highlight the importance of providing preservice teachers with the pedagogical knowledge concerning effective classroom management and flexible use of strategies in response to diverse student needs in inclusive classrooms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 UL)
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See detailWheeled Pro(p)file of Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism
Merkulov, Sergei UL

in Communications in Mathematical Physics (2010), 295(3), 585638

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See detailWheeled props in algebra, geometry and quantization.
Merkulov, Sergei UL

in Proceedings (2010)

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See detailWheeled PROPs, graph complexes and the master equation
Markl, Martin; Merkulov, Sergei UL; Shadrin, Sergei

in Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra (2009), 213(4), 496-535

We introduce and study wheeled PROPs, an extension of the theory of PROPs which can treat traces and, in particular, solutions to the master equations which involve divergence operators. We construct a dg ... [more ▼]

We introduce and study wheeled PROPs, an extension of the theory of PROPs which can treat traces and, in particular, solutions to the master equations which involve divergence operators. We construct a dg free wheeled PROP whose representations are in one-to-one correspondence with formal germs of SP-manifolds, key geometric objects in the theory of Batalin–Vilkovisky quantization. We also construct minimal wheeled resolutions of classical operads Com and Ass as non-trivial extensions of the well-known dg operads Com-infinityand Ass-infinity source. Finally, we apply the above results to a computation of cohomology of a directed version of Kontsevich’s complex of ribbon graphs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (2 UL)
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See detailWhen a Master Dies: Speculation and Asset Float”
Penasse, Julien UL; Renneboog,, Luc; Scheinkman, José A.

Scientific Conference (2020, January 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 UL)
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See detailWhen Alphabet Inc. plans Toronto's waterfront: New post-political modes of urban governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Urban Planning (2020), 5(1), 69-83

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when ... [more ▼]

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when one of the big digital corporations enters the field of real estate and land use development and urban planning, how existing institutions respond to this, and how modes of urban governance are affected. Alphabet Inc.’s plans for Toronto’s waterfront provided insights into these questions. Our investigations traced a complex web of place-making practices that involved all levels of government, the general public, and networks of actors throughout the private sector. Methodologically, the discourse was reconstructed with local fieldwork, interviews with key actors, participating in tours and public meetings, and secondary sources. It was found that Alphabet Inc.’s plan to build a world-class digital city contained some lessons for urban studies and urban planning practice. First, Alphabet Inc.’s plans, which unfolded amidst initiatives to expand the knowledge economy, confirmed concerns that the trajectory of neoliberal, market-driven land use and speculation along the waterfront remains unchanged. Second, digital infrastructures are potentially a Trojan Horse. Third, it was seen that municipalities and their modes of urban planning are vulnerable to the political economic manoeuvrings of large corporate power. Fourth, Alphabet Inc. operates as a post-political package driven by a new coalition of politics, where the smart city is sold as a neutral technology. The controversies surrounding the project, however, stirred a civic discourse that might signal a return of the political. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen An Educational Ideology Travels: The Experience Of The New Math Reform In Luxembourg
Nadimi Amiri, Shaghayegh UL

in Mathematics Education and Life at Times of Crisis (2017, April)

Since 1958 a series of new reform programmes, known as “New Math reform” tried to fundamentally deconstruct the mathematics education of schools in the United States. This reform aimed to promote the ... [more ▼]

Since 1958 a series of new reform programmes, known as “New Math reform” tried to fundamentally deconstruct the mathematics education of schools in the United States. This reform aimed to promote the “problem-solving” abilities in students and was a means to modernise not just the school math education but also the idea of why students should learn mathematics. Later, the reform project travelled to Europe through the support of the OECD and some other international or European organisation. This paper briefly reviews the process of the adaptation of this reform project in Luxembourg during the 1960s and 1970s. The aim is to look at how the ideological background about mathematics education, and in general education, mattered in the preceding of this school reform. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (13 UL)
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See detailWhen are Two Arguments the Same? Equivalence in Abstract Argumentation
Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Grossi, Davide

in Johan van Benthem on Logic and Information Dynamics (2014)

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See detailWhen black sheep make us think: information processing and devaluation of in- and outgroup norm deviants
Reese, Gerhard UL; Steffens, Melanie C.; Jonas, Kai J.

in Social Cognition (2013), 31(4), 482-503

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (2 UL)
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See detailWhen Chronic Disability Meets Acute Stress: Psychological and Functional Changes
Miller, A. Cate; Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Johann-Murphy, Marjorie

in Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. Supplement (2001), 43(3), 214-216

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (0 UL)
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See detailWhen complexity meets ease of use - How to design your own adapted user interface
Koenig, Vincent UL; Battisti, Sophie UL

Scientific Conference (2011, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (10 UL)
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See detailWhen Design Met Law: Design Patterns for Information Transparency
Rossi, Arianna UL; Ducato, Rossana; Haapio, Helena et al

in Droit de la Consommation (2019), (1),

The problems of online disclosures, notices, and terms are well-known and documented. Research and experience tell us that consumers dislike and do not read them. Much less has been said and done about ... [more ▼]

The problems of online disclosures, notices, and terms are well-known and documented. Research and experience tell us that consumers dislike and do not read them. Much less has been said and done about the solutions. Building on Proactive Law and Legal Design, this research-based, practice-oriented article introduces proactive legal design patterns as a possible way forward. The article illustrates, with examples, how design patterns can help implement the principle of transparency in consumer-facing communication and elaborates, in an innovative manner, the ways in which legal design patterns can help solve recurring problems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 151 (6 UL)
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See detailWhen do prototypes bias person memory? Differential effects of abstraction level
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in European Journal of Social Psychology (2004), 34

Three experiments investigated the operation of prototypical person categories, which were either at a superordinate or at a subordinate level of abstraction, on person memory. In Experiment 1, a ... [more ▼]

Three experiments investigated the operation of prototypical person categories, which were either at a superordinate or at a subordinate level of abstraction, on person memory. In Experiment 1, a recognition memory experiment, subjects received person attributes describing fictional target persons, each description pertaining to one of the two abstraction levels. Distractors in the recognition test varied in degree of relatedness to a prototypical category. Distractors that were related to the corresponding category were falsely recognized, if the category was at a superordinate level, but not for a subordinate category. This revealed a significant bias in recognition toward conceptually related but nonpresented items only at the superordinate level. In Experiment 2 which used a conceptual priming procedure subjects responded faster to distractor items related to a superordinate category than to those related to a subordinate category. Experiment 3 replicated the difference between levels of abstraction when subjects’ task was to recall rather than to recognize the presented attributes. The findings imply that person categories at different levels of abstraction operate differentially on person memory and restrict assumptions from prototype theory to a superordinate level. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen does my program do this? learning circumstances of software behavior
Kampmann, Alexander; Havrikov, Nikolas; Soremekun, Ezekiel UL et al

in Proceedings of the 28th ACM Joint Meeting on European Software Engineering Conference and Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (2020, November 08)

We introduce Alhazen — an approach that automatically determines the circumstances under which a particular program behavior, such as a failure, takes place. Alhazen starts with a run that exhibits this ... [more ▼]

We introduce Alhazen — an approach that automatically determines the circumstances under which a particular program behavior, such as a failure, takes place. Alhazen starts with a run that exhibits this behavior and automatically determines input features associated with the behavior in question: (1) We use a grammar to parse the input into individual elements. (2) We determine features from the elements such as existence, length, or numerical values. (3) We use a decision tree learner to observe and learn which input features are associated with the behavior in question. (4) We use the grammar to generate additional inputs to further strengthen or refute hypotheses as learned associations. (5) By repeating steps 2 to 4, we obtain a theory that explains and predicts the given behavior. In our evaluation using inputs for find, grep, NetHack, and a JavaScript transpiler, the theories produced by Alhazen predict and produce failures with high accuracy and allow developers to focus on a small set of input features: “grep fails whenever the --fixed-strings option is used in conjunction with an empty search string.” [less ▲]

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See detailWhen does students’ gender affect teachers’ school placement decisions? An experimental study with Luxembourgish primary school teachers
Böhmer, Matthias UL; Glock, Sabine; Klapproth, Florian et al

Scientific Conference (2011, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)
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See detailWhen entrepreneurs instigate institutional change through coopetition: the case of winemakers in South of France
Granata, Julien; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; D'Armagnac, Sophie

Scientific Conference (2016, June)

As an entrepreneurial activity, implementing coopetition involves changing the relationships between players and modifying deeply their frames of reference. Our goal is to investigate the change process ... [more ▼]

As an entrepreneurial activity, implementing coopetition involves changing the relationships between players and modifying deeply their frames of reference. Our goal is to investigate the change process associated with the implementation of coopetition as institutional change. By conducting fifty-nine interviews and many observations with an abductive grounded theory approach, we uncover four phases of the coopetition process between winemakers and highlight the ability of these entrepreneurs to skillfully combine institutional logics to achieve economic performance. We discuss the implications of our findings for the literature on coopetition and institutional entrepreneurs’ roles in the coopetition process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (2 UL)