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See detailTransdisciplinarity or "engaged pluralism"?
Hesse, Markus UL

in DISP Dokumente und Informationen zur Schweizerischen Orts-, Regional- und Landesplanung (2015), 51(3), 4-5

Detailed reference viewed: 186 (3 UL)
See detailTransdisziplinäre Alter(n)sstudien. Gegenstände und Methoden
Breinbauer, Ines; Ferring, Dieter UL; Haller, Miriam et al

Book published by Königshausen und Neumann (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (4 UL)
See detailTransdisziplinäre Alternsstudien als disziplinäre Ko-Konstruktion.
Breinbauer, Ines; Ferring, Dieter UL; Haller, Miriam et al

in Transdisziplinäre Alter(n)sstudien. Gegenstände und Methoden (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (0 UL)
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See detailTransdisziplinäre Altersforschung und Partizipation.
Ferring, Dieter UL

in Transdisziplinäre Alter(n)sstudien. Gegenstände und Methoden (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (2 UL)
See detailTransfer
Hu, Adelheid UL

in Hu, Adelheid; Byram, Michael (Eds.) Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (4 UL)
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See detailTransfer Learning and Meta Learning Based Fast Downlink Beamforming Adaptation
Yuan, Yi; Zheng, G.; Wong, K.-K. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2020)

This paper studies fast adaptive beamforming optimization for the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio balancing problem in a multiuser multiple-input single-output downlink system. Existing deep ... [more ▼]

This paper studies fast adaptive beamforming optimization for the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio balancing problem in a multiuser multiple-input single-output downlink system. Existing deep learning based approaches to predict beamforming rely on the assumption that the training and testing channels follow the same distribution which may not hold in practice. As a result, a trained model may lead to performance deterioration when the testing network environment changes. To deal with this task mismatch issue, we propose two offline adaptive algorithms based on deep transfer learning and meta-learning, which are able to achieve fast adaptation with the limited new labelled data when the testing wireless environment changes. Furthermore, we propose an online algorithm to enhance the adaptation capability of the offline meta algorithm in realistic non-stationary environments. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed adaptive algorithms achieve much better performance than the direct deep learning algorithm without adaptation in new environments. The meta-learning algorithm outperforms the deep transfer learning algorithm and achieves near optimal performance. In addition, compared to the offline meta-learning algorithm, the proposed online meta-learning algorithm shows superior adaption performance in changing environments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 UL)
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See detailTransfer matrix analysis of one-dimensional majority cellular automata with thermal noise
Lemoy, Rémi UL; Mozeika, Alexander; Seki, Shinnosuke

in Journal of Physics. A, Mathematical and Theoretical (2014), 47(10), 105001-11

Thermal noise in a cellular automaton (CA) refers to a random perturbation in its function which eventually leads the automaton to an equilibrium state controlled by a temperature parameter. We study the ... [more ▼]

Thermal noise in a cellular automaton (CA) refers to a random perturbation in its function which eventually leads the automaton to an equilibrium state controlled by a temperature parameter. We study the one-dimensional majority-3 CA under this model of noise. Without noise, each cell in the automaton decides its next state by majority voting among itself and its left and right neighbour cells. Transfer matrix analysis shows that the automaton always reaches a state in which every cell is in one of its two states with probability 1/2 and thus cannot remember even one bit of information. Numerical experiments, however, support the possibility of reliable computation for a long but finite time. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (1 UL)
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See detailTransfer of Cultural Capital: A Comparative Analysis of the Interconnection of Well-Being, Precariousness, and Insecurity
Samuel, Robin UL; Hupka-Brunner, Sandra; Bergman, Manfred Max

Scientific Conference (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 UL)
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See detailTransfer of strategy use by semantic recoding in arithmetic problem solving
Gamo, Sylvie UL; Sander, Emmanuel; Richard, Jean-François

in Learning and Instruction (2010), 20

Transfer of strategies between problems sharing the same formal structure is facilitated by a semantic recoding that makes evident the structural similarities between the problems. Two experiments were ... [more ▼]

Transfer of strategies between problems sharing the same formal structure is facilitated by a semantic recoding that makes evident the structural similarities between the problems. Two experiments were carried out among 4th and 5th grade pupils, with an experimental group trained to compare strategies in order to reinterpret an arithmetic word problem so that the calculations are consistent with the interpretation, and a control group. The experimental group in Experiment 1 improved significantly by choosing the alternative strategy in problems different from those used in training but no significant progress was observed in the control group. Experiment 2 showed that the improvement observed in the experimental group could not be attributed to the fact that children only learned to use a superficial rule. These results support the idea that the activity of problem re-representation may be a crucial step in mathematization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (4 UL)
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See detailTransfer pricing rules and State aid law
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Panayi, Christiana HJI; Haslehner, Werner; Traversa, Edoardo (Eds.) Research Handbook European Union Taxation Law (2020)

This contribution addresses the interaction of State aid law with transfer pricing rules. A number of high-profile investigations into transfer pricing arrangements approved by Member States’ authorities ... [more ▼]

This contribution addresses the interaction of State aid law with transfer pricing rules. A number of high-profile investigations into transfer pricing arrangements approved by Member States’ authorities, including for companies like Amazon, Apple, and Starbucks has sparked fierce debate over the existence of an EU principle of “arm’s length” taxation and its possible content. The chapter examines this debate and issues pertaining to the relationship between State aid law and double taxation treaties, justifications on the basis of providing double tax relief or protection from tax avoidance, and the scope of administrative discretion that State aid law needs to accord in a highly technical area of national law such as transfer pricing. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 102 (6 UL)
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See detailTransfer pricing rules, OECD guidelines, and market distortions
Behrens, Kristian; Peralta, Susana; Picard, Pierre M. UL

in Journal of Public Economic Theory (2014)

We study the impact of transfer pricing rules on sales prices, firms' organizational structure, and consumers' utility within a two-country monopolistic competition model featuring source-based profit ... [more ▼]

We study the impact of transfer pricing rules on sales prices, firms' organizational structure, and consumers' utility within a two-country monopolistic competition model featuring source-based profit taxes that differ across countries. Firms can either become multinationals, i.e., they serve the foreign market through a fully controlled a¢ liate; or they can become exporters, i.e., they serve the foreign market by contracting with an independent distributor. Compared to the benchmark cases, where tax authorities are either unable to audit firms or where they are able to audit them perfectly, the use of the OECD's Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) or Cost-Plus (CP) rule distorts firms' output and pricing decisions. The reason is that the comparable arm's length transactions between exporters and distributors, which serve as benchmarks, are not efficient. We show that implementing the CUP or CP rules is detrimental to consumers in the low tax country, yet benefits consumers in the high tax country. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 143 (10 UL)
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See detailTransfereffekte bei der Selbstregulation von Übungsbedingungen
Bund, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2003, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (0 UL)
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See detailTransferpotenziale des deutschen dualen Studiums. Eine Bestimmung zentraler Faktoren anhand der Fallstudien Brasilien und Frankreich
Graf, Lukas UL; Powell, Justin J W UL; Bernhard, Nadine

in Berufsbildung in Wissenschaft und Praxis (2014), 6/2014

Dem dualen Studium wird das Potenzial zugesprochen, eine wichtige Rolle bei der Kompetenzentwicklung für Berufe des 21. Jahrhunderts zu spielen. Bislang sind duale Studiengänge vor allem ein deutsches ... [more ▼]

Dem dualen Studium wird das Potenzial zugesprochen, eine wichtige Rolle bei der Kompetenzentwicklung für Berufe des 21. Jahrhunderts zu spielen. Bislang sind duale Studiengänge vor allem ein deutsches Phänomen. Derzeit trifft dieses Studienmodell jedoch vermehrt auf das Interesse von ausländischen Bildungsakteuren, die gezielt nach Modellen zur besseren Verknüpfung akademischer und berufspraxisbezogener Lernerfahrungen suchen. Anhand der Länder Frankreich und Brasilien werden allgemeine Bedingungen für einen erfolgreichen Transfer dieses Studienmodells und Möglichkeiten der binationalen Kooperation analysiert. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 256 (22 UL)
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See detailTransferring intercellular signals and traits between cancer cells: extracellular vesicles as "homing pigeons"
Cesi, Giulia UL; Walbrecq, Geoffroy UL; Margue, Christiane UL et al

in Cell Communication and Signaling (2016), 14(1), 13

Extracellular vesicles are cell-derived vesicles, which can transport various cargos out of cells. From their cell of origin, the content molecules (proteins, non-coding RNAs including miRNAs, DNA and ... [more ▼]

Extracellular vesicles are cell-derived vesicles, which can transport various cargos out of cells. From their cell of origin, the content molecules (proteins, non-coding RNAs including miRNAs, DNA and others) can be delivered to neighboring or distant cells and as such extracellular vesicles can be regarded as vehicles of intercellular communication or "homing pigeons". Extracellular vesicle shuttling is able to actively modulate the tumor microenvironment and can partake in tumor dissemination. In various diseases, including cancer, levels of extracellular vesicle secretion are altered resulting in different amounts and/or profiles of detectable vesicular cargo molecules and these distinct content profiles are currently being evaluated as biomarkers. Apart from their potential as blood-derived containers of specific biomarkers, the transfer of extracellular vesicles to surrounding cells also appears to be involved in the propagation of phenotypic traits. These interesting properties have put extracellular vesicles into the focus of many recent studies.Here we review findings on the involvement of extracellular vesicles in transferring traits of cancer cells to their surroundings and briefly discuss new data on oncosomes, a larger type of vesicle. A pressing issue in cancer treatment is rapidly evolving resistance to many initially efficient drug therapies. Studies investigating the role of extracellular vesicles in this phenomenon together with a summary of the technical challenges that this field is still facing, are also presented. Finally, emerging areas of research such as the analysis of the lipid composition on extracellular vesicles and cutting-edge techniques to visualise the trafficking of extracellular vesicles are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (11 UL)
See detailTransferring knowledge from locational predictive models into spatial Agent Based Models: generilizing human perception of environment
Sikk, Kaarel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Scientific Conference (2018, March 22)

Predictive models have been used for finding potential archaeological site locations already for more than 40 years. In addition to their extensively used application in cultural heritage management they ... [more ▼]

Predictive models have been used for finding potential archaeological site locations already for more than 40 years. In addition to their extensively used application in cultural heritage management they can also offer insights into past human behaviour in relation to environment. The proposed paper discusses how the information gathered from predictive modelling of archeological settlements, especially the revealed from location determinants, can be transferred to spatial Agent Based Models. We argue that spatial simulation models, especially those based on agents behaviour, above all aim to build theory and create generalisable knowledge. They therefore need to free themselves form local contexts and particular spatial heterogeneities, and automatically test the effect of agents behaviour on a wider range of spatial configurations. In cultural heritage management, models are usually created using geographical variables of existing settlement patterns (eg. water access and land formations). For finding archaeological sites the model needs to be calibrated for specific accuracy and precision. In this paper we focus on defining the potential residential space – an area that could be considered by people of the past as suitable for habitation or specific economic activities. We develop a framework that links geographical variables and behaviour as extracted from empirical studies to the development of a theoretical spatial agent-based model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 UL)
See detailLe transfert des sûretés
Westendorf, Hannes UL

Doctoral thesis (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 123 (1 UL)
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See detailLes transferts de données personnelles vers des pays tiers au regard de la directive européenne relative à la protection des personnes physiques à l'égard du traitement des données à caractère personnel et à la libre circulation des ces données (directive 95/46/CE du 24 octobre 1995)
Prüm, André UL

in Waseda Proceedings of Comparative Law (1998), 2

Les transferts de données personnelles vers des pays tiers au regard de la directive européenne relative à la protection des personnes physiques à l'égard du traitement des données à caractère personnel ... [more ▼]

Les transferts de données personnelles vers des pays tiers au regard de la directive européenne relative à la protection des personnes physiques à l'égard du traitement des données à caractère personnel et à la libre circulation des ces données (directive 95/46/CE du 24 octobre 1995) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (1 UL)