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See detailViviane Reding on her action in the field of the information society and media (2004-2010)
Danescu, Elena UL

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020)

The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project ... [more ▼]

The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project. Drawing on more than 40 years’ experience in politics, Viviane Reding spoke about her career, the role of Luxembourg and Luxembourgers in the European integration process, and various key events in which she played a part. In these extracts, she discusses her role as a member of the first and second Barroso Commissions (2004-2009 and 2010-2014) and her efforts to help build an information and knowledge society in Europe, one that serves citizens and protects their rights and fundamental freedoms. Her achievements in this respect include capping mobile phone roaming charges (they were subsequently abolished in 2017), advocating for the introduction of a single emergency number (112) in all EU countries, launching the Europeana digital library, and spearheading a programme to use technological innovation for climate and energy solutions. She also describes the process of developing a Digital Agenda for Europe to improve the continent’s digital competitiveness compared with the United States, China and Japan – a complex and challenging task given the context of globalisation and the divergent interests of the various stakeholders (research, industry, consumers, etc.). Finally, she mentions the reform of personal data protection that she initiated (leading to the GDPR, adopted in April 2016). [less ▲]

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See detailVivre à domicile, deux ans après un AVC : Etude auprès des patients et des aidants du Luxembourg.
Baumann, Michèle UL

Presentation (2012)

Au Luxembourg, une recherche pluridisciplinaire a été réalisée auprès de 797 personnes victimes d’un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC). Une enquête nationale a été menée comportant un volet ... [more ▼]

Au Luxembourg, une recherche pluridisciplinaire a été réalisée auprès de 797 personnes victimes d’un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC). Une enquête nationale a été menée comportant un volet épidémiologique effectué par le CRP-Santé, qui a rassemblé des données médico-administratives et des données cliniques issues des dossiers d’hospitalisation, et un volet de sociologie médicale par l’Université qui a interrogé 94 patients vivant au domicile, deux après la survenue de l’AVC, et leurs 62 aidants informels principaux. Des recommandations majeures de santé publique et de politiques sociales peuvent être formulées sur la nécessité de mettre en place : 1) un système de surveillance des AVC, indispensable pour orienter les politiques de santé en termes de promotion, prévention et intervention; 2) une filière de soins AVC plus visible, mieux structurée et coordonnée; 3) un suivi social et éducatif par un « gestionnaire des familles AVC » (patients, mais aussi et surtout aidants) et des aides financières pour développer un véritable soutien à domicile à moyen et long terme; 4) une prévention primaire en faveur des aidants que les souffrances physiques, psychiques et la faible qualité de vie sociale amènent à devenir une « population à risque » du système de santé, situation qui touche directement, ou sera susceptible de concerner dans un avenir proche, la plus grande partie d'entre nous. [less ▲]

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See detailVivre sur la frontière. Identités et représentations des transfrontaliers
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2011, April)

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See detailVizBin - an application for reference-independent visualization and human-augmented binning of metagenomic data
Laczny, Cedric Christian UL; Sternal, Tomasz; Plugaru, Valentin UL et al

in Microbiome (2015)

Background Metagenomics is limited in its ability to link distinct microbial populations to genetic potential due to a current lack of representative isolate genome sequences. Reference-independent ... [more ▼]

Background Metagenomics is limited in its ability to link distinct microbial populations to genetic potential due to a current lack of representative isolate genome sequences. Reference-independent approaches, which exploit for example inherent genomic signatures for the clustering of metagenomic fragments (binning), offer the prospect to resolve and reconstruct population-level genomic complements without the need for prior knowledge. Results We present VizBin, a Java™-based application which offers efficient and intuitive reference-independent visualization of metagenomic datasets from single samples for subsequent human-in-the-loop inspection and binning. The method is based on nonlinear dimension reduction of genomic signatures and exploits the superior pattern recognition capabilities of the human eye-brain system for cluster identification and delineation. We demonstrate the general applicability of VizBin for the analysis of metagenomic sequence data by presenting results from two cellulolytic microbial communities and one human-borne microbial consortium. The superior performance of our application compared to other analogous metagenomic visualization and binning methods is also presented. Conclusions VizBin can be applied de novo for the visualization and subsequent binning of metagenomic datasets from single samples, and it can be used for the post hoc inspection and refinement of automatically generated bins. Due to its computational efficiency, it can be run on common desktop machines and enables the analysis of complex metagenomic datasets in a matter of minutes. The software implementation is available at https://claczny.github.io/VizBin under the BSD License (four-clause) and runs under Microsoft Windows™, Apple Mac OS X™ (10.7 to 10.10), and Linux. [less ▲]

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See detailVkliuchennoe nabliudenie i/ili interv’iu? Sobiranie kollektivnykh i/ili lichnykh vospominany? Case-study v Bel’gii
Venken, Machteld UL

in Grinchenko, Gelinada; Khanenko-Friesen, Natalia (Eds.) In Search of Voice: Oral History as Theory, Method, and Source (2010)

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See detailVladimír Mandl
Hofmann, Mahulena UL; Kopal, Vladimír

in Hobe, Stephan (Ed.) Pioneers of Space Law (2013)

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See detailVOC-T – Vokabular und Overclaiming-Test
Ziegler, M.; Bensch, D.; Kemper, Christoph UL

in Kemper, Christoph; Brähler, E.; Zenger, M. (Eds.) Psychologische und sozialwissenschaftliche Kurzskalen – Standardisierte Erhebungsinstrumente für Wissenschaft und Praxis (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (1 UL)
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See detailThe Vocabulary and Overclaiming Test (VOC-T)
Ziegler, M.; Kemper, Christoph UL; Rammstedt, B.

Scientific Conference (2012, July)

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See detailThe Vocabulary and Overclaiming Test (VOC-T)
Ziegler, M.; Kemper, Christoph UL; Rammstedt, B.

in Journal of Individual Differences (2013)

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See detailThe vocabulary of Learner-Space Interactions - Understanding learning spaces experience through the repertory grid method
Lallemand, Carine UL; Koenig, Vincent UL

in Interaction Design & Architecture(s) (2017), 32

Higher education institutions are facing new educational challenges and are striving for an evolution in pedagogical practices. This evolution is accompanied by the need for innovative learning spaces to ... [more ▼]

Higher education institutions are facing new educational challenges and are striving for an evolution in pedagogical practices. This evolution is accompanied by the need for innovative learning spaces to support students in the development of “21st century skills”. Designing these spaces requires a deep understanding of learners’ needs and experiences. User-centered design therefore appears as an adequate process to understand learning experiences in relation to spatial design. In this paper, we describe how the repertory grid method has been used to explore students’ perceptions of learning environments (N = 26). We identified 381 personal constructs (contrasted word pairs) associated with learning spaces and grouped them into seven categories (22 subcategories), ranked by number of occurrences. This study provides a basis for the development of a vocabulary of learners-spaces interactions, in support of the design and assessment of learning space experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailVoeux du paon et Voeux de l'épervier. L'empereur et ses "meilleurs chevaliers" dans la culture courtoise entre Metz, Bar et Luxembourg (début XIVe siècle)
Margue, Michel UL

in Chazan, Mireille; Freeman Regalado, Nancy (Eds.) Lettres, musique et société en Lorraine médiévale. Autour du Tournoi de Chauvency (MS Oxford, Bodl. Douce 308) (2012)

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See detailLes "voeux sur les oiseaux". Mutations d'un rite d'intégration entre mémoire chevaleresque et actualité politique
Margue, Michel UL

in Guenée, Bernard; Moeglin, Jean-Marie (Eds.) Relations, échanges, transferts en Occident au cours des derniers: hommage à Werner Paravicini ; Actes du colloque de Paris (4-6 décembre 2008) (2010)

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See detailLes voeux sur les oiseaux. Rite chevaleresque et culture courtoise
Margue, Michel UL

in Musée en Piconrue (Ed.) Bestiaire d’Ardenne. Les animaux dans l’imaginaire des Gallo-Romains à nos jours (2006)

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See detailVoice, silence and the business of construction:
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Watson, Tony

in Organization (2007), 14(2), 155-174

An ethnographically based narrative about the interactions and relationships of people involved with a small construction business is used to examine the interplay of voice and silence in organisations in ... [more ▼]

An ethnographically based narrative about the interactions and relationships of people involved with a small construction business is used to examine the interplay of voice and silence in organisations in a way which goes beyond some of the limitations of recent work on this topic. In place of the current literature’s emphasis on the motives behind individuals’ speaking up or staying quiet, a relational analysis is developed which gives full recognition to the emergent, day-to-day routine and contextual aspects of organisation. The lives and relationships of a set of characters in a small building company are portrayed and their voices heard. There are loud voices, quiet voices and silences, all of which play a part in the way these people deal with the everyday realities of small communities, family life and organisational power [less ▲]

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See detail'Voices' from the UNTAC files: policy and politics of accommodation in Phnom Penh after the Khmer Rouge
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

in Journal of South East Asia Research (2015), 23(3), 377-404

During the 1980s, refugee camps along the Thai–Cambodian border constituted the power base for the civil war parties opposing the People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK, 1979–91). Politics of accommodation ... [more ▼]

During the 1980s, refugee camps along the Thai–Cambodian border constituted the power base for the civil war parties opposing the People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK, 1979–91). Politics of accommodation and basic services also played a key role in the ‘original accumulation’ of political power by the new regime in Phnom Penh. The resettlement process of Cambodia’s deserted cities developed into a major playground for clientelism, the founda-tion of Cambodia’s state-building process after the Khmer Rouge. Focusing on the archival heritage of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cam-bodia (UNTAC) 1992–93, a spatial analysis of Phnom Penh’s political geography from the late 1970s to the late 1990s will be provided. This paper argues that the UNTAC time marked a watershed, whose impact has been underrated for Cambodia’s political future: the transition in the accommodation policy of a besieged regime. UNTAC did not end the civil war, but changed the political economy of the country. As the need to ‘camp-in’ and share billeted living space gradually diminished, the socialist ‘moral economy’ mutated into quick money politics and political family business to ensure the hegemonic status of Cambodia’s ruling party further. [less ▲]

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See detailVoie cinématographique et littéraire chez Assia Djebar
Barthelmebs-Raguin, Hélène UL

in Revue Critique de Fixxion Française Contemporaine = Critical Review of Contemporary French Fixxion (2013)

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See detailVoIP Service Model for Multi-objective Scheduling in Cloud Infrastructure
Cortés-Mendoza, Jorge M.; Tchernykh; Simionovici, Ana-Maria UL et al

in International Journal of Metaheuristics (2015), 4(2), 185-203

Voice over IP (VoIP) is very fast growing technology for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia data over internet with lower cost. Early technical solutions mirrored the architecture of the ... [more ▼]

Voice over IP (VoIP) is very fast growing technology for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia data over internet with lower cost. Early technical solutions mirrored the architecture of the legacy telephone network. Now, they have adopted the concept of distributed cloud VoIP. These solutions typically allow dynamic interconnection between users on any domains. However, providers face challenges to use infrastructure in the best efficient and cost-effective ways. Hence, efficient scheduling and load balancing algorithms are a fundamental part of this approach, especially in presence of the uncertainty of a very dynamic and unpredictable environment. In this paper, we formulate the problem of dynamic scheduling of VoIP services in distributed cloud environments and propose a model for bi-objective optimisation. We consider it as the special case of the bin packing problem, and discuss solutions for provider cost optimisation while ensuring quality of service. [less ▲]

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See detailVoIP Traffic Modelling using Gaussian Mixture Models, Gaussian Processes and Interactive Particle Algorithms
Simionovici, Ana-Maria UL; Tantar, Alexandru; Bouvry, Pascal UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, December 05)

The paper deals with an important problem in the Voice over IP (VoIP) domain, namely being able to understand and predict the structure of traffic over some given period of time. VoIP traffic has a time ... [more ▼]

The paper deals with an important problem in the Voice over IP (VoIP) domain, namely being able to understand and predict the structure of traffic over some given period of time. VoIP traffic has a time variant structure, e.g. due to sudden peaks, daily or weekly moving patterns of activities, which in turn makes prediction difficult. Obtaining insights about the structure and trends of traffic has important implications when dealing with the nowadays cloud-deployed VoIP services. Prediction techniques are applied to anticipate the incoming traffic, for an efficient distribution of the traffic in the system and allocation of resources. The article looks in a critical manner at a series of machine learning techniques. We namely compare and review (using real VoIP data) the results obtained when using a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), Gaussian Processes (GP), and an evolutionary like Interacting Particle Systems based (sampling) algorithm. The experiments consider different setups as to verify the time variant traffic assumption. [less ▲]

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See detailVoir Esch!
Scuto, Denis UL

Article for general public (2020)

Article on the publication of the "Guide historique et architectural Esch-sur-Alzette", City Guide of the capital of the former industrial basin of Luxembourg, European capital of culture 2022. Authors ... [more ▼]

Article on the publication of the "Guide historique et architectural Esch-sur-Alzette", City Guide of the capital of the former industrial basin of Luxembourg, European capital of culture 2022. Authors: Georges Buchler, Jean Goedert, Antoinette Lorang, Antoinette Reuter, Denis Scuto. Photographer: Christof Weber. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (3 UL)