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See detailLa violence en ITEP. Stigmates de la violence et violence du stigmate : l’expérience des enfants, des jeunes et de leurs familles
Kerivel, Aude UL; Danteur, Thibault

in Vie sociale et traitements (2016), 130

Nous souhaitons ici donner la parole à une population considérée bien souvent comme auteur des situations de violence : les enfants et jeunes ayant des « troubles du comportement » accueillis en ... [more ▼]

Nous souhaitons ici donner la parole à une population considérée bien souvent comme auteur des situations de violence : les enfants et jeunes ayant des « troubles du comportement » accueillis en Instituts thérapeutiques, éducatifs et pédagogiques (ITEP), ainsi qu’à des témoins importants de leur trajectoire : leurs parents. Huit groupes d’une dizaine d’enfants et de jeunes et quatre groupe de six à douze parents dans quatre ITEP ont été rencontrés à trois reprises entre 2011 et 2014. Comment enfants, jeunes et parents définissent-ils la violence ? Quelles sont les situations vécues comme particulièrement violentes ? Quels rôles jouent les différentes institutions dans la définition de la violence ? Quel est le poids d’une catégorisation médicalisée sur les épaules de ceux qui la portent ? Et comment cette catégorie est-elle rendue intelligible par les jeunes comme par les professionnels et les familles ? Telles sont les questions que nous nous poserons. Nous verrons donc de quelle manière vio- lences et stigmates sont intimement liés. Si mettre le stigmate aux sources de la vio- lence est une hypothèse, le désigner comme une forme de violence est un résultat central dans notre recherche. Parents, enfants et jeunes parlent d’exclusion, de catégorisation, d’isolement, de stigmates, et ce au passé, au présent et au futur. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 262 (34 UL)
See detailViolence féminine dans la prévôté de Luxembourg entre 1520 et 1630
Leuck, Jessica UL

Scientific Conference (2016, October 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (8 UL)
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See detailViolence for the masses: The impact of violence in electronic mass media
Melzer, André UL; Happ, Christian UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Herzog-Evans, Martine (Ed.) Transnational criminology manual (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (2 UL)
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See detailViolence in Luxembourg Schools - The role of school culture
Steffgen, Georges UL

Scientific Conference (2004, September)

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See detailViolence in Luxembourg schools: The role of school culture
Steffgen, Georges UL

in Österman, K.; Björkqvist, K. (Eds.) Contemporary research on aggression. (2006)

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See detailLa violence physique au lieu de travail: un problème à prendre au sérieux?
Steffgen, Georges UL

Presentation (2004, November)

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See detailViral infection of Phaeocystis globosa impedes release of chitinous star-like structures: quantification using single cell approaches.
Sheik, Abdul UL; Brussaard, C. P. D.; Lavik, G. et al

in Environmental Microbiology (2013), 15(5), 1441-51

Phaeocystis globosa is an ecologically important bloom-forming phytoplankton, which sequesters substantial amounts of inorganic carbon and can form carbon-enriched chitinous star-like structures. Viruses ... [more ▼]

Phaeocystis globosa is an ecologically important bloom-forming phytoplankton, which sequesters substantial amounts of inorganic carbon and can form carbon-enriched chitinous star-like structures. Viruses infecting P. globosa (PgVs) play a significant regulatory role in population dynamics of the host species. However, the extent to which viruses alter host physiology and its carbon assimilation on single cell level is still largely unknown. This study demonstrates for the first time the impact of viral infection on carbon assimilation and cell morphology of individual axenic P. globosa cells using two single cell techniques: high resolution nanometre-scale Secondary-Ion Mass Spectrometry (nanoSIMS) approach and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Up until viral lysis (19 h post infection), the bulk carbon assimilation by infected P. globosa cultures was identical to the assimilation by the non-infected cultures (33 micromol C l(-1) ). However, single cell analysis showed that viral infection of P. globosa impedes the release of star-like structures. Non-infected cells transfer up to 44.5 micromol C l(-1) (36%) of cellular biomass in the form of star-like structures, suggesting a vital role in the survival of P. globosa cells. We hypothesize that impediment of star-like structures in infected P. globosa cells may inactivate viral infectivity by forming flocculants after cell lysis. Moreover, we show that substantial amounts of newly produced viruses ( approximately 68%) were attached to P. globosa cells prior to cell lysis. Further, we speculate that infected cells become more susceptible for grazing which provides potential reasons for the sudden disappearance of PgVs in the environment. The scenarios of enhanced grazing is at odds to the current perspective that viral infections facilitates microbial mediated processes by diverting host material away from the higher trophic levels. [less ▲]

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See detailViral regulation of nutrient assimilation by algae and prokaryotes
Sheik, Abdul UL

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 150 (14 UL)
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See detailLes virements transfrontières
Prüm, André UL

in L'Europe des moyens de paiement à l'heure de l'euro et de l'Internet (2000)

Le nouveau droit européen des moyens de paiement doit intégrer des systèmes nationaux disparates et doit fournir un cadre clair et équilibré aux nouveaux moyens de paiement de l'économie numérisée.

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See detailVirolab: A Distributed Decision Support System for Viral Disease Treatment
Sloot, P. M. A.; Tirado-Ramos, A.; Ertaylan, Gökhan UL et al

in Bubak, M.T.; Turala, M.; Wiatr, K. (Eds.) CGW'07 proceedings (2007)

The HIV drug-resistance interpretation systems are used routinely throughout the world in a clinical setting. More knowledge is rapidly becoming available upon which clinical decisions could be made. This ... [more ▼]

The HIV drug-resistance interpretation systems are used routinely throughout the world in a clinical setting. More knowledge is rapidly becoming available upon which clinical decisions could be made. This knowledge, information, data and evidence from many sources are combined within a Decision Support System (DSS) to provide coherent judgements on drug-susceptibility. At the core of the DSS is a HIV drug-resistance interpretation system incorporating knowledge from the principal systems (Stanford HIVdb, Rega, ANRS, Virolab ) in use throughout the world. We describe an improved rule-based language which has adequate expressiveness and enjoys a fully-specified, formal semantics, allowing for automated reasoning over rule sets. Among the questions which can be addressed are: • Ambiguity: Is the rule set internally ambiguous? Does it allow more than one interpretation? • Completeness: Does the rule set have complete coverage? • Consistency: Are there rules in the set which make contradictory predictions? • Redundancy: Do some rules of a rule set subsume others? • Dissonance: How do rule sets differ in their predictions? • Predictive power: Can one rule set make more specific predictions than another or can it make predictions in cases where the other is silent? The formal language which we present has a well-defined semantics that will allow for making judgements of the above kinds using reasoning that is either completely automated or at least semi-automated. Furthermore recent findings have revealed the need to express multiplicative effects of certain mutations on drugs. The state of the art language for specifying HIV drug interpretation rules, ASI, in its present form, is limited to linear combinations of effects. In future work we will use Bayesian hierarchical modelling to make predictive distributions in the presence of uncertainty. The full chain of analysis will combine Bayesian hierarchical modelling with probabilistic decision analysis based on utility attribution and/or multi-objective optimisation of such quantities as cost,chance and duration of survival or quality-adjusted life years. [less ▲]

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See detailVirtuaalsed agendid minevikku ennustamas
Sikk, Kaarel UL

Article for general public (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 UL)
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See detailVirtual and smoothed finite elements: A connection and its application to polygonal/polyhedral finite element methods
Natarajan, Sundararajan; Bordas, Stéphane UL; Ooi, Ean Tat

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2015), 104(13), 1173-1199

We show both theoretically and numerically a connection between the smoothed finite element method (SFEM) and the virtual element method and use this approach to derive stable, cheap and optimally ... [more ▼]

We show both theoretically and numerically a connection between the smoothed finite element method (SFEM) and the virtual element method and use this approach to derive stable, cheap and optimally convergent polyhedral FEM.We show that the stiffness matrix computed with one subcell SFEM is identical to the consistency term of the virtual element method, irrespective of the topology of the element, as long as the shape functions vary linearly on the boundary. Using this connection, we propose a new stable approach to strain smoothing for polygonal/polyhedral elements where, instead of using sub-triangulations, we are able to use one single polygonal/polyhedral subcell for each element while maintaining stability. For a similar number of degrees of freedom, the proposed approach is more accurate than the conventional SFEM with triangular subcells. The time to compute the stiffness matrix scales with the O.dof s/1:1 in case of the conventional polygonal FEM, while it scales as O.dof s/0:7 in the proposed approach. The accuracy and the convergence properties of the SFEM are studied with a few benchmark problems in 2D and 3D linear elasticity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (2 UL)
See detailVirtual Coach Reaches Out To Me
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)
See detailVirtual Coach Reaches Out To Me
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 UL)
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See detailVirtual communities of practice: can they support the prevention agenda in public health?
Korjonen, Maria Helena UL

in Online Journal of Public Health Informatics (2015), 7(2), 222

BACKGROUND: Virtual Communities of Practice (CoPs) are flexible communication and knowledge management tools enabling collaboration, sharing of best practice and professional development. There have been ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Virtual Communities of Practice (CoPs) are flexible communication and knowledge management tools enabling collaboration, sharing of best practice and professional development. There have been few studies that have looked at the use and usefulness of virtual CoPs in public health. METHODS: This project sought to gather the evidence and develop recommendations for the value of virtual CoPs in public health through a literature review, and through piloting two CoPs in obesity. The research aimed to find out how useful CoPs are in obesity prevention, what makes a CoP successful and what evaluation methods are appropriate. RESULTS: CoPs are composed of observers, passive and active contributors with a small group of 'super-users'. All users learn through reading and listening, even if they do not post. The CoPs had higher levels of reading activity as opposed to low levels of posting activity. Longer existence of CoPs usually means more active membership. There are complex reasons why users fail to engage in knowledge sharing. Success of a CoP is creating an online environment where users feel comfortable. CoPs need administrative support and facilitation. Champions play a vital role. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence shows some encouraging results about the value of CoPs in enabling collaboration and information sharing. Despite low membership numbers of the obesity CoPs piloted, members see value and suggest improvements. Findings suggest that success comes from leadership, champions, and larger networks with more posting activity. Mixed methods of quantitative and qualitative research are appropriate in measuring the use and impact of CoPs. [less ▲]

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See detailVirtual Convergence and Dialect Levelling in Luxemburgish
Gilles, Peter UL

in Folia Linguistica (1998), 32(1-2), 69-82

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See detailVirtual Desktop Infrastructures: architecture, survey and green aspects proof of concept
Ibrahim, Abdallah Ali Zainelabden Abdallah UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Kliazovich, Dzmitry UL et al

in 7th INTERNATIONAL GREEN and SUSTAINABLE COMPUTING CONFERENCE (1st RE-HPC workshop), Hangzhou, China (November 2016) (2016, November 07)

Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) is a new generation of cloud service in which users operating systems execute in a cloud data center. Users can access their desktops and applications by using thin ... [more ▼]

Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) is a new generation of cloud service in which users operating systems execute in a cloud data center. Users can access their desktops and applications by using thin client devices. This thin client is consisting of only a screen attached with low power CPU. This new paradigm of delivering remote desktop provides benefits in terms of flexibility, cost reduction, data security and energy saving which are the green benefits from using VDI. VDI becomes an important technology in green computing and energy saving. In this paper, we present and review the green benefits for using VDI in large and small organizations. The usefulness and energy-saving features of VDI are also illustrated by some experiments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 187 (15 UL)
See detailVirtual Exhibition: Remembering the Great War in Luxembourg
Camarda, Sandra UL

Presentation (2017, June 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (7 UL)