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See detailUpdatable Functional Encryption
Delerue Arriaga, Afonso UL; Iovino, Vincenzo UL; Tang, Qiang

in Paradigms in Cryptology - Mycrypt 2016. Malicious and Exploratory Cryptology, Second International Conference, Mycrypt 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 1-2, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (2016)

Functional encryption (FE) allows an authority to issue tokens associated with various functions, allowing the holder of some token for function f to learn only f(D) from a ciphertext that encrypts D. The ... [more ▼]

Functional encryption (FE) allows an authority to issue tokens associated with various functions, allowing the holder of some token for function f to learn only f(D) from a ciphertext that encrypts D. The standard approach is to model f as a circuit, which yields inefficient evaluations over large inputs. Here, we propose a new primitive that we call updatable functional encryption (UFE), where instead of circuits we deal with RAM programs, which are closer to how programs are expressed in von Neumann architecture. We impose strict efficiency constrains in that the run-time of a token P' on ciphertext CT is proportional to the run-time of its clear-form counterpart (program P on memory D) up to a polylogarithmic factor in the size of D, and we envision tokens that are capable to update the ciphertext, over which other tokens can be subsequently executed. We define a security notion for our primitive and propose a candidate construction from obfuscation, which serves as a starting point towards the realization of other schemes and contributes to the study on how to compute RAM programs over public-key encrypted data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (6 UL)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailUpdatable Functional Encryption
Arriaga, Afonso; Iovino, Vincenzo UL; Tang, Qiang

in Paradigms in Cryptology – Mycrypt 2016. Malicious and Exploratory Cryptology (2016, December)

Functional encryption (FE) allows an authority to issue tokens associated with various functions, allowing the holder of some token for function f to learn only f(𝖣)f(D) from a ciphertext that encrypts ... [more ▼]

Functional encryption (FE) allows an authority to issue tokens associated with various functions, allowing the holder of some token for function f to learn only f(𝖣)f(D) from a ciphertext that encrypts 𝖣D . The standard approach is to model f as a circuit, which yields inefficient evaluations over large inputs. Here, we propose a new primitive that we call updatable functional encryption (UFE), where instead of circuits we deal with RAM programs, which are closer to how programs are expressed in von Neumann architecture. We impose strict efficiency constrains in that the run-time of a token 𝖯⎯⎯⎯P¯ on ciphertext 𝖢𝖳CT is proportional to the run-time of its clear-form counterpart (program 𝖯P on memory 𝖣D ) up to a polylogarithmic factor in the size of 𝖣D , and we envision tokens that are capable to update the ciphertext, over which other tokens can be subsequently executed. We define a security notion for our primitive and propose a candidate construction from obfuscation, which serves as a starting point towards the realization of other schemes and contributes to the study on how to compute RAM programs over public-key encrypted data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (3 UL)
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See detailUpdate Internationales und Europäisches IT-Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 14)

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See detailUpdate Internationales und Europäisches Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Taeger, Jürgen (Ed.) Tagungsband Herbstakademie 2019: Die Macht der Daten und der Algorithmen - Regulierung von IT, IoT und KI (2019, September)

Im Juni 2019 stellte die Organisation für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD) das Arbeitsprogramm zur weiteren Ausarbeitung einer Anpassung des internationalen Ertragsteuerrechts an die ... [more ▼]

Im Juni 2019 stellte die Organisation für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD) das Arbeitsprogramm zur weiteren Ausarbeitung einer Anpassung des internationalen Ertragsteuerrechts an die neue wirtschaftliche Realität der digitalisierten Welt vor. Auf Ebene der Europäischen Union (EU) gilt die Verabschiedung der im März 2018 von der Europäischen Kommission vorgestellten Richtlinien-Vorschläge (RL-Vorschläge) zu einer Digitalsteuer und einer sog. signifikanten digitalen Präsenz, nach intensiver Diskussion im Rat, als unwahrscheinlich. Der Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union beschäftigt sich derzeit mit der unionsrechtlichen Vereinbarkeit nationaler Sonderabgaben, die umsatzbasiert erhoben werden. Dieser Beitrag bietet einen Überblick über wesentliche Entwicklungen im internationalen und europäischen Steuerrecht bzgl. der Besteuerung digitalisierter Unternehmen. Der Beitrag knüpft an den Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Jens M. Schmittmann und der Verfasserin anlässlich der Herbstakademie 2018 in Bochum, sowie dem Vortrag der Verfasserin anlässlich der Herbstakademie 2017 in Heidelberg an. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailUpdating the Precise Gravity Network at the BIPM
Jiang, Z.; Arias, E. F.; Tisserand, L. et al

in Geodesy for Planet Earth (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 150 (12 UL)
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See detailUplink Capacity of MIMO Cellular Systems with Multicell Processing
Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Imran, M. A.; Tzaras, C.

in ISWCS 2008 (2008)

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See detailAn Uplink UE Group-Based Scheduling Technique for 5G mMTC Systems Over LEO Satellite
Kodheli, Oltjon UL; Andrenacci, Stefano; Maturo, Nicola UL et al

in IEEE Access (2019)

Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is one of the most promising IoT technology to support the massive machine-type communication (mMTC) scenarios of the fifth generation mobile communication (5G ... [more ▼]

Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is one of the most promising IoT technology to support the massive machine-type communication (mMTC) scenarios of the fifth generation mobile communication (5G). While the aim of this technology is to provide global coverage to the low-cost IoT devices distributed all over the globe, the vital role of satellites to complement and extend the terrestrial IoT network in remote or under-served areas has been recognized. In the context of having the global IoT networks, low earth (LEO) orbits would be beneficial due to their smaller propagation signal loss, which for the low complexity, low power, and cheap IoT devices is of utmost importance to close the link-budget. However, while this would lessen the problem of large delay and signal loss in the geostationary (GEO) orbit, it would come up with increased Doppler effects. In this paper, we propose an uplink scheduling technique for a LEO satellite-based mMTC NB-IoT system, able to mitigate the level of the differential Doppler down to a value tolerable by the IoT devices. The performance of the proposed strategy is validated through numerical simulations and the achievable data rates of the considered scenario are shown, in order to emphasize the limitations of such systems coming from the presence of a satellite channel. [less ▲]

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See detailUpper and lower body sensitivity to cold at rest and during exercise
Ouzzahra, Yacine UL; Redortier, Bernard; Voelcker, Thomas

in The Fourth International Conference on Human-Environment System (2011)

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See detailUpside down with the strong partial clones
Schölzel, Karsten UL

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (5 UL)
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See detailUpstream Market Foreclosure
GABSZEWICZ, Jean; Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

in Bulletin of Economic Research (2008), 60(1), 13-26

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (3 UL)
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See detailUpward social mobility and life satisfaction: the cases of United Kingdom and Switzerland
Samuel, Robin UL; Hadjar, Andreas UL

in Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (2015), 6(3), 13-14

Status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). This is one of the primary assumptions of social production function theory. In contrast, the dissociative hypothesis holds that upward social ... [more ▼]

Status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). This is one of the primary assumptions of social production function theory. In contrast, the dissociative hypothesis holds that upward social mobility may be linked to identity problems, cognitive distress, and reduced levels of SWB because of lost ties to one’s class of origin. In our paper, we use panel data from the United Kingdom (British Household Panel Survey) and Switzerland (Swiss Household Panel) to test these hypotheses. These two countries are compared because historically, social inequality and upward mobility have played distinct roles in each country’s popular discourse. We conduct longitudinal multilevel analyses to gauge the effects of intragenerational and intergenerational upward mobility on life satisfaction (as a cognitive component of SWB), controlling for previous levels of life satisfaction, dynamic class membership, and well-researched determinants of SWB such as age and health problems. Our results provide some evidence for effects of social class and social mobility on well-being in the UK sample, however, there are no such effects in the Swiss sample. The UK findings support the idea of dissociative effects, that is, intergenerational upward mobility is negatively associated with SWB. [less ▲]

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See detailUrbain-rural : dichotomie ou dialectique ?
Kmec, Sonja UL; Glesener, Jeanne UL

in Articulo : Journal of Urban Research (2010), (3), 1-2

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUrban Air Makes Who Free? Immigration and Urban Citizenship in Contemporary Europe
Koff, Harlan UL

in Pauly, Michel; Lee, Alexander (Eds.) Urban liberties and citizenship from the Middle Ages up to now (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (4 UL)
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See detailUrban compactness and the trade-off between air pollution emission and exposure: Lessons from a spatially explicit theoretical model
Schindler, Mirjam UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

in Computers, Environment & Urban Systems (2014), 45

Air pollution is a major concern in urban areas worldwide. The interplay between urban structure and air pollution from an environmental, health and social perspective is the focus of our work: we model ... [more ▼]

Air pollution is a major concern in urban areas worldwide. The interplay between urban structure and air pollution from an environmental, health and social perspective is the focus of our work: we model how urban structure impacts traffic-induced pollutant emissions and the exposure of residents to those pollutants. We present a chain of models applied to theoretical monocentric space: a residential choice model with endogenous open-space and road network, a commuting traffic generation and road assignment model and a pollutant emissions, dispersion and exposure model. The theoretical study approach decouples results from location specific characteristics and enables us to analyse how the preference of households for green amenities, a transport tax, the provision of public transport alternatives and local neighbourhood design impact the environment (total emissions) as well as residents’ health (population exposure) and utility. We emphasise that environmental strategies in the form of urban compaction have a strong impact on the exposure of households to pollutants, especially close to the centre, in addition to their reduction of welfare. Our results suggest that more beneficial policy outcomes can be obtained from strategies which preserve green spaces close to the centre or which intend a greater shift from car to public transport. Further, we find indication that different local designs of neighbourhoods have much stronger impacts on the exposure–emission tension than city-wide land use or transport options. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 201 (19 UL)
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See detailUrban densities and patterns: stylized facts and generic abstract tools
Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (7 UL)
See detailUrban Development in Luxembourg: sustaining ambiguous fault lines of power
Carr, Constance UL

Presentation (2012, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (6 UL)
See detailUrban Ecology. Definitions and Concepts
Endlicher, Wilfried; Langner, Marcel; Hesse, Markus UL

in LANGNER, Marcel; ENDLICHER, Wilfried (Eds.) Shrinking Cities: Effects on Urban Ecology and Challenges for Urban Development. (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 161 (0 UL)
See detailUrban energy transitions through innovations in green building
Affolderbach, Julia; JUNG ép. PRELLER, Bérénice UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in König, Ariane (Ed.) Sustainability science (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 185 (4 UL)