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See detailTranslanguaging in a Multilingual Classroom in Luxembourg
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, April 12)

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non ... [more ▼]

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non-linguistic resources. Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018). In multilingual Luxembourg, over 60% of the students indicate to have a dominant home language other than Luxembourgish, with Portuguese being the most used language (MENJE 2018). Considering that theteaching of Luxembourgish, French and German accounts for 40.5% of the instruction time, little room is left for the students’ home languages and the school system is particularly challenging for the students whose language repertoires deviate from the official curriculum. The present doctoral project investigates how primary school students with a migration background deploy their language repertoires to learn. In this paper, I examine the extent to which two fourth-graders with a Portuguese background and a different migration experience mobilize their languages while interacting with the teacher and peers. Data stem from eighteen days of observation and video-recordings. The thematic analysis focuses on the students’ participation and their language use in different school subjects. Preliminary findings show that the students participate unequally and use their languages differently in terms of purpose and frequency and depending on their migration experience. The findings are tentative because data collection is on-going. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging of children and teachers during storytelling activities with iTEO in nursery and primary schools in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

Scientific Conference (2015, April 20)

Symposium: Spaces for translanguaging in diverse language learning situations 20 April, 13:30 – 15:00 While translanguaging has been described as a natural practice amongst multilinguals in our globalized ... [more ▼]

Symposium: Spaces for translanguaging in diverse language learning situations 20 April, 13:30 – 15:00 While translanguaging has been described as a natural practice amongst multilinguals in our globalized world, it is uncommon in formal and informal educational institutions (Creese & Blackledge, 2010; García, 2009). Translanguaging capitalizes on the learners’ diverse resources and encourages them to draw on their entire semiotic repertoire thereby promoting deep level learning. It is transformative in that it contributes to cognitive and personal development, and develops language and literacy practices that challenge traditional teaching which tends to reproduce social inequalities (García & Wei, 2014). Our presentations focus on data from research projects in three countries that show how learning is mediated when practitioners (e.g. teachers, teacher assistants, educators, parents) adopt child-centred teaching models, implement a “funds of knowledge” theoretical perspective (Gonzalez, Moll & Armanti, 2005), create bridges between the home and school languages, and encourage translanguaging, including gestures and other body language. This view is particularly relevant to young children. We argue that translanguaging harmonizes with models of early years pedagogy which foreground the co-construction of learning between child and adult. We will present four qualitative, small-scale studies, three of them longitudinal. Research was undertaken in a community class in England, a nursery class in France, nursery and primary schools in Luxembourg and crèches and day care centres in Luxembourg. The researchers used a mix method approach comprising video and audio recordings, interviews, field notes and documents to collect data on regular intervals. The presentations will situate the studies within the local and national contexts that mediate the pedagogical practices and present interactions between the practitioners and the children aged between 3 and 11. The key discussion points are the need to create “safe spaces” (Conteh & Brock, 2011) in order to “activate” children’s and practitioners’ translanguaging abilities, the particular challenges practitioners face, and implications for policies and practice. Jean Conteh: Translanguaging as pedagogy in multilingual primary classrooms in England- from the margins to the mainstream Using data from small-scale, longitudinal, ethnographic research in a complementary class situated in a multilingual community in a city in the north of England, this presentation will analyse the interactions between multilingual teachers and their pupils, using a “funds of knowledge” theoretical perspective. It will consider the implications for policy and practice for both teaching and learning. Latisha Mary and Andrea Young: Supporting very young learners in transition from home to school: Translanguaging in a French nursery school class with emergent bilingual children. This paper focuses on the translanguaging practices of a teacher in France with three-year old children and their families. It illustrates how she harnesses the children’s language repertoires as resources and how she creates ‘safe spaces’. Her inclusive linguistic approach appears to facilitate the children’s learning and adjustment to their first year in formal education. Claudine Kirsch: Translanguaging of children and teachers during storytelling activities with iTEO in nursery and primary schools in Luxembourg The project addresses the need for innovative didactic methods to manage the diversity and heterogeneity in Luxembourg’s trilingual schools. The paper shows how learning takes place when teachers and emergent bilinguals translanguage during storytelling activities on the iPad App iTEO. Katja Andersen and Claudine Kirsch: Multilingual oracies in formal and informal settings in Luxembourg The empirical qualitative study, based on visual ethnography, structured interviews and a survey, is situated at the transition from formal to informal education sectors in Luxembourg. The aim is to study explicit and implicit forms of multilingual oracies in the interactions between 3 to 6 year-olds and their educators within practices of using pictures and rhymes. References Conteh, J. and Brock, A. (2011) “Safe spaces”? Sites of bilingualism for young learners in home, school and community, International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 14:3, 347-360. Creese, A. and Blackledge, A. (2010) Translanguaging in the Bilingual Classroom: A Pedagogy for Learning and Teaching? The Modern Language Journal, 94, i. García, O. (2009) Bilingual education in the 21st century: A global perspective. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. García, O. and Wei, L. (2014) Translanguaging: Language, Bilingualism and Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. González, N., Moll, L. and Amanti, C. (eds) (2005) Funds of Knowledge: Theorising Practices in Households, Communities and Classrooms. New York: Routledge. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging pedagogy in multilingual early childhood classes: A video ethnography in Luxembourg
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in Translation and Translanguaging in Multilingual Contexts (2017), 3(2), 167-183

This paper investigates translanguaging practices and pedagogy with very young children in the trilingual country of Luxembourg. Recent research has shown that in early childhood education in Luxembourg ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates translanguaging practices and pedagogy with very young children in the trilingual country of Luxembourg. Recent research has shown that in early childhood education in Luxembourg there is a focus on Luxembourgish to the exclusion of other languages and that this appears to exclude children with foreign language backgrounds from everyday institutional life. Our research asks how and in which forms can a translanguaging pedagogy offer young multilingual children opportunities to engage in literacy practices. Our empirical qualitative pilot study carried out among children aged 2 to 6 in Luxembourgish early childhood programs clarifies forms of translanguaging when instruction is accompanied by pictures and reading in German. The findings suggest that gesture and body language are part of translanguaging, providing multiple resources that enable the young multilingual learner to make meaning. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging practices in early childhood education in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalizing on multilingualism in European mainstream education. (2020)

Calls for multilingual pedagogies have reached early childhood education and some programmes have been implemented in Europe. However, their focus frequently remains on the majority language and home ... [more ▼]

Calls for multilingual pedagogies have reached early childhood education and some programmes have been implemented in Europe. However, their focus frequently remains on the majority language and home languages are given little space. For multilingual programmes to be inclusive and empowering, professionals need to break with monolingual practices based on monolingual ideologies. The resource-oriented pedagogy of translanguaging which challenges hegemonic practices, is one way in which professionals can give space to all languages, leverage children’s resources and contribute to their development. The present chapter presents the findings of a professional development on multilingual pedagogies in Luxembourg. Data stem from observations, video-recorded activities and interviews with four practitioners, two working in a formal education setting and two in a non-formal one. The findings show that the practitioners developed a positive stance towards translanguaging and multilingual education, learned to design a child-centred and holistic multilingual learning environment and used languages flexibly, deploying translation, code-switching and translanguaging. This dynamic language use facilitated communication, participation, language learning and well-being. There were differences between the practitioners’ flexible language use. The professionals in the school did not use pair talk, made less use of code-switching and used languages more strategically and responsibly than the caregivers in the crèche. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging practices on iTEO in Preschools
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Translation and Translanguaging in Multilingual Contexts (2017), 3(2), 145-166

Whilst contributing to a person’s language, cognitive and personal development and whilst a common practice in the daily lives of bilinguals, translanguaging is rarely observed in educational institutions ... [more ▼]

Whilst contributing to a person’s language, cognitive and personal development and whilst a common practice in the daily lives of bilinguals, translanguaging is rarely observed in educational institutions. The present paper examines the situations and the ways in which preschool children in trilingual Luxembourg translanguage during collaborative storytelling on iTEO, an iPad app which allows for the recording and editing of oral language. Currently 62.4% of children do not speak Luxembourgish on school entry. Language policies focus on the learning of Luxembourgish. This, the small class sizes and the absence of peers with similar language backgrounds may limit the opportunities for translanguaging. The present qualitative, longitudinal study takes a mixed-method approach. The findings show that the 5 focus children in preschool translanguaged frequently, in different ways and for a range of purposes, while drawing on features of several languages. The process of translanguaging depended on the individual child and on contextual factors. We argue that storytelling on iTEO opens up safe translanguaging spaces that contribute to inclusive multilingual pedagogies. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging. Eine innovative Lehr-und Lernstrategie
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Mortini, Simone UL

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2016), 365

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See detailTranslating converging competences into the reality of teaching, learning and research and life at higher education institutions
Deca, Ligia UL

in Bergan, Sjur; Damian, Radu (Eds.) Higher education for modern societies: competences and values (2010)

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See detailTranslating Lucretia: word, image and 'ethical non-indifference' in Simon de Hesdin's translation of Valerius Maximus's 'Facta et dicta memorabilia'
Leglu, Catherine UL

in Campbell, Emma; Mills, Robert (Eds.) Rethinking Medieval Translation. Ethics, Politics, Theory (2012)

An analysis of how illustrations functioned as a distinctive and important aspect of the translation of Latin versions of the story of the rape and suicide of Lucretia into Middle French texts, especially ... [more ▼]

An analysis of how illustrations functioned as a distinctive and important aspect of the translation of Latin versions of the story of the rape and suicide of Lucretia into Middle French texts, especially the 'Faits et dits memorables' (a translation-adaptation of Valerius Maximus's 'Facta et dicta memorabilia'). The study focuses on a selection of 14th- and 15th- century illuminations, and proposes also that the early modern 'Lucretia' portrait tradition should be viewed in the context of these images. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslingual Discursive Spaces in Language and Arts Lessons
Degano, Sarah UL

in Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal (2019, March), 10(1), 3094-3102

Flexible multilingual pedagogies such as translanguaging pedagogies are promising stepping stones towards a more equitable access to educational resources for students of different backgrounds. Recent ... [more ▼]

Flexible multilingual pedagogies such as translanguaging pedagogies are promising stepping stones towards a more equitable access to educational resources for students of different backgrounds. Recent research in Luxembourgish preschool, Year 1 and Year 2 classes, show that teachers have begun to implement such pedagogies by encouraging the deployment of the students’ full linguistic repertoires, including their home languages. Little attention has however been paid to the later years of primary school where the achievement gap between students with and without a migration background is particularly high. The present qualitative longitudinal study focusses on students in Years 4 and 5 and examines to what extent they deploy their linguistic repertoires in interaction with their peers. Drawing on observations, recordings and interviews, this paper explores the language use of two Portuguese-speaking 4th graders in Language and Arts lessons. Findings show that the students mobilize their linguistic and cultural resources to different extents and, hereby, open or close translingual discursive spaces for further exchange. The findings should contribute to the understanding of multilingual students’ language practices and provide insight into how their linguistic and cultural resources can be capitalized on. [less ▲]

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See detailLa transmission des contrats et la protection des créanciers
T'Kint, François; Corbisier, Isabelle UL

in Centre Jean Renauld, Université Catholique de Louvain (Ed.) Le nouveau droit des fusions et des scissions de sociétés (1994)

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See detailTransmission of Collective Memory and Jewish Identity in Postwar Jewish Generations through War Souvenirs
Bronec, Jakub UL

in Heritage (2019)

The contribution includes a sample of testimonies containing the life stories of Jews born in the aftermath of World War II in two countries (Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg). At that time, Czechoslovak ... [more ▼]

The contribution includes a sample of testimonies containing the life stories of Jews born in the aftermath of World War II in two countries (Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg). At that time, Czechoslovak Jews were living through the era of de-Stalinization and their narratives offer new insights into this segment of Jewish postwar history that differ from those of Jews living in liberal democratic European states. On the basis of personal documents, photos, letters and souvenirs, the conducted interviews highlight an interesting way of maintaining personal memories in Jewish families and how this varies from one generation to the next. In my contribution, I am planning to illustrate the importance of these small artifacts for the transmission of Jewish collective memory. The case study aims to answer the following research questions: What is the relationship between the Jewish postwar generation and their heirlooms? Who is in charge of maintaining Jewish family heirlooms within the family? Are there any intergenerational distinctions in keeping and maintaining the family history? [less ▲]

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See detailTransmission of Collective Memory nad Jewish Identity in Postwar Jewish Generations through War Souvenirs
Bronec, Jakub UL

in International 26th annual CIDOC - ICOM Conference in 2018 (2019)

My contribution includes a sample of testimonies containing the life stories of Jews born in the aftermath of World War II in two countries (Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg). At that time, Czechoslovakian ... [more ▼]

My contribution includes a sample of testimonies containing the life stories of Jews born in the aftermath of World War II in two countries (Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg). At that time, Czechoslovakian Jews were living through the era of de-Stalinisation, and their narratives offer new insights into this segment of Jewish postwar history that differ from those of Jews living in liberal democratic European states. Based on personal documents, photos, letters and souvenirs, the conducted interviews highlight an interesting way of maintaining personal memories in Jewish families and how this varies from one generation to the next. In my contribution, I am planning to illustrate the importance of these small artefacts for the transmission of Jewish collective memory. My presentation showcases people widely referred to as the “second and third Jewish generation”, their attitude to current notions of Jewish memory and self-perception and their role in society. Some had to live under totalitarian oppression, others had to face a wave of Jewish Sephardic immigrants coming from overseas – and witnesses admit that the arrival of these newcomers often caused difficulties in Jewish communities. Small objects from the war, often displayed in their households, serve as a reminder of their roots and destiny, which should not be forgotten. This paper is a part of my broader research project examining distinctions and similarities in identity formation through generations of Czech, Slovak, French and Luxembourgish Jews, who grew up either under communism or in liberal Western Europe. The aim is to create an international virtual library and cloud storage, not only for professional educators but also for the public. [less ▲]

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See detailTransmission of Family Values and Intergenerational Solidarity in Luxembourg . Paper presented at the 4th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations, Jyväskylä (Finland)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ries, Thorsten UL; Michels, Tom et al

in Paper presented at the 4th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations, Jyväskylä, Finland. (2008)

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See detailTransmission of values and intergenerational Solidarity in Luxembourg
Michels, Tom UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ries, Thierry et al

in Presented at the 4th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations. Jyväskylä, Finland. (2008)

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See detailTRANSMISSION OPTIMIZATION FOR HIGH THROUGHPUT SATELLITE SYSTEMS
Gharanjik, Ahmad UL

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Demands on broadband data service are increasing dramatically each year. Following terrestrial trends, satellite communication systems have moved from the traditional TV broadcasting to provide ... [more ▼]

Demands on broadband data service are increasing dramatically each year. Following terrestrial trends, satellite communication systems have moved from the traditional TV broadcasting to provide interactive broadband services even to urban users. While cellular and land-line networks are mainly designed to deliver broadband services to metropolitan and large urban centers, satellite based solutions have the advantage of covering these demands over a wide geography including rural and remote users. However, to stay competitive with economical terrestrial solutions, it is necessary to reduce the cost per transmitted bit by increasing the capacity of the satellite systems. The objective of this thesis is to design and develop techniques capable of enhancing the capacity of next generation high throughput satellite systems. Specifically, the thesis focuses on three main topics: 1) Q/V band feeder link design, 2) robust precoding design for multibeam satellite systems, and 3) developing techniques for tackling related optimization problems. Design of high bandwidth and reliable feeder links is central towards provisioning new services on the user link of a multibeam SatCom system. Towards this, utilization of the Q/V band and an exploitation of multiple gateway as a transmit diversity measure for overcoming severe propagation effects are being considered. In this context, the thesis deals with the design of a feeder link comprising N + P gateways (N active and P redundant gateways). Towards satisfying the desired availability, a novel switching scheme is analyzed and practical aspects such as prediction based switching and switching rate are discussed. Building on this result, an analysis for the N + P scenario leading to a quantification of the end-to-end performance is provided. On the other hand, frequency reuse in multibeam satellite systems along with precoding techniques can increase the capacity at the user link. Similar to terrestrial communication channels, satellite based communication channels are time-varying and for typical precoding applications, the transmitter needs to know the channel state information (CSI) of the downlink channel. Due to fluctuations of the phase components, the channel is time-varying resulting in outdated CSI at the transmitter because of the long round trip delay. This thesis studies a robust precoder design framework considering requirements on availability and average signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR). Probabilistic and expectation based approaches are used to formulate the design criteria which are solved using convex optimization tools. The performance of the resulting precoder is evaluated through extensive simulations. Although a satellite channel is considered, the presented analysis is valid for any vector channel with phase uncertainty. In general, the precoder design problem can be cast as power minimization problem or max-min fairness problem depending on the objectives and requirements of design. The power minimization problem can typically be formulated as a non-convex quadratically constrained quadratic programming (QCQP) problem and the max-min fairness problem as a fractional quadratic program. These problems are known to be NP-hard in general. In this thesis, the original design problem is transformed to an unconstrained optimizationproblem using the specialized penalty terms. The efficient iterative optimization frameworks are proposed based on a separate optimization of the penalized objective function over its partition of variables at each iteration. Various aspects of the proposed approach including performance of the algorithm and its implementation complexity are studied. This thesis is made under joint supervision agreement between KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Electrical Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden and University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailTransmission polarized optical microscopy of short-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal shells
Geng, Yong UL; Noh, Junghyun UL; Lagerwall, Jan UL

in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (2016, March 07), 9769

We recently demonstrated that colloidal crystal arrangements of monodisperse droplets or shells of planar-aligned cholesteric liquid crystal exhibit intricate patterns of circularly polarized reflection ... [more ▼]

We recently demonstrated that colloidal crystal arrangements of monodisperse droplets or shells of planar-aligned cholesteric liquid crystal exhibit intricate patterns of circularly polarized reflection spots of different colors. The spots appear as a result of photonic cross communication between droplets, hence the patterns reflect the macroscopic arrangement of droplets or shells. Apart from being an interesting optical phenomenon, it offers attractive application opportunities in photonics and beyond, due to the unique characteristics of the patterns. It turns out that the optical quality of shells is much enhanced compared to that of droplets, hence we focus our attention primarily on shells, of varying thickness. Here we analyze and explain the intriguing textures arising when studying planar-aligned short-pitch cholesteric shells in transmission polarizing optical microscopy. In this case, the texture reflects the properties of each individual shell, without any sign of cross communication, yet also this pattern holds some fascinating mysteries. These can only be elucidated by considering all the peculiar optical properties of cholesterics together, as well as the unusual situation given by the spherical shell geometry. [less ▲]

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See detailTransmission. Übersetzung/Traduction – Übertragung/Transfert – Vermittlung/Médiation.
Mein, Georg UL

Book published by Turia+Kant (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 UL)