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See detailTransforming Under Growth Pressure: Grassroots Sprawl or Top Down and Smart
Carr, Constance UL; Affolderbach, Julia UL

Presentation (2012, July)

At the turn of the millennium, it was decided that Luxembourg should target four percent economic growth in order to best sustain existing quality of life standards. This target has largely been met as ... [more ▼]

At the turn of the millennium, it was decided that Luxembourg should target four percent economic growth in order to best sustain existing quality of life standards. This target has largely been met as Luxembourg’s growth, which was mainly driven by the financial industry and a non-resident labour force, has averaged around five percent annually. Emerging out of a quasi-rural and industrial landscape, Luxembourg has come under the considerable growth pressures associated with a tertiary economy. It is thus facing particular challenges with respect to sustainable development. As a result, Luxembourg planning officials formulated spatially integrative sustainable development guidelines that postulate a polycentric growth model while targeting sufficient provision of housing, preventing sprawl, preserving green spaces, densifying growth poles, and enhancing public transportation. This research examines these strategies that are designed to manage growth and compares it with existing local land use practices. The small size of the Grand Duchy and narrow functional relationships between the capital city and the rest of the country justify treating the whole country as an integrated city region. The absence of a regional administrative level implies direct and strong policy dependencies between the national political and administrative levels. In this paper, particular attention is given to national policy mechanisms and their translation and implementation at the local level. The analysis reveals a number of challenges particularly with respect to enforcement and interpretation related to existing power relationships and different development visions adopted by the municipalities. Observations of the organization and capital flows of retail and commerce, housing and real estate development patterns, and the governance patterns that structure both illustrate how national smart growth policies of integrated smart growth can turn into grassroots sprawl or a governance of dispersal. [less ▲]

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See detailTransforming Unitary States into Federations: Path-Dependent Construction of Political Identities in Belgium and Lebanon
Poirier, Philippe UL; Farhat, Nadim UL; Bourbeau, Philippe et al

in Publius: the Journal of Federalism (2020), pjaa007

The theory of congruence in comparative federalism holds that institutional design will, eventually, reflect societal divisions by transferring central powers to new, autonomous entities. While this model ... [more ▼]

The theory of congruence in comparative federalism holds that institutional design will, eventually, reflect societal divisions by transferring central powers to new, autonomous entities. While this model helps to understand why many divided societies adopt federalism, it cannot explain why only certain unitary states transform into federal ones while others do not. We use a historical institutionalism approach to identify the critical junctures in the trajectory of two prominent plural polities, Belgium and Lebanon. We suggest that the politicization of identities during initial stages of state-building plays a major role in the transformation of a unitary state into a federation—which occurs in the former but not in the latter of our cases. The current contrast in both consociational democracies is explained here as a legacy of the late nineteenth century, which set in motion decisive logics of public governance that direct institutional dynamics until today. [less ▲]

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See detailLes transfrontaliers trouvent du travail
Schwartz, Deborah UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2011)

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See detail[Transgenic mice--biological fundamentals, practices and applications].
Balling, Rudi UL

in DTW. Deutsche tierarztliche Wochenschrift (1994), 101(3), 94-5

The transfer of genes into the germline of mice has become a standard technique of modern biomedical research. In addition to direct microinjection of DNA into the pronuclei of fertilized mouse eggs ... [more ▼]

The transfer of genes into the germline of mice has become a standard technique of modern biomedical research. In addition to direct microinjection of DNA into the pronuclei of fertilized mouse eggs, genes can now also be inactivated via homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells (gene targeting). In the future it will be possible to inactivate any cloned gene via homologous recombination in ES-cells and establish corresponding mouse mutants. [less ▲]

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See detailTransgenic overexpression of the alpha-synuclein interacting protein synphilin-1 leads to behavioral and neuropathological alterations in mice.
Nuber, Silke; Franck, Thomas; Wolburg, Hartwig et al

in Neurogenetics (2010), 11(1), 107-20

Synphilin-1 has been identified as an interacting protein of alpha-synuclein, Parkin, and LRRK2, proteins which are mutated in familial forms of Parkinson disease (PD). Subsequently, synphilin-1 has also ... [more ▼]

Synphilin-1 has been identified as an interacting protein of alpha-synuclein, Parkin, and LRRK2, proteins which are mutated in familial forms of Parkinson disease (PD). Subsequently, synphilin-1 has also been shown to be an intrinsic component of Lewy bodies in sporadic PD. In order to elucidate the role of synphilin-1 in the pathogenesis of PD, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing wild-type and mutant (R621C) synphilin-1 driven by a mouse prion protein promoter. Transgenic expression of both wild-type and the R621C variant synphilin-1 resulted in increased dopamine levels of the nigrostriatal system in 3-month-old mice. Furthermore, we found pathological ubiquitin-positive inclusions in cerebellar sections and dark-cell degeneration of Purkinje cells. Both transgenic mouse lines showed significant reduction of motor skill learning and motor performance. These findings suggest a pathological role of overexpressed synphilin-1 in vivo and will help to further elucidate the mechanisms of protein aggregation and neuronal cell death. [less ▲]

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See detailTransgenic technology as a tool
Balling, Rudi UL

in P. Thorogood (edt.) Embryos, Genes and Birth (1997)

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See detailTransgression im europäischen Theaterverständnis? Hermann Nitschs Orgien Mysterien Theater und Christoph Schlingensiefs Aktion 18, „tötet Politik“
Nonoa, Koku Gnatuloma UL

in Bloch, Natalie; Heimböckel, Dieter; Tropper, Elisabeth (Eds.) Vorstellung Europa – Performing Europe. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Europa im Theater der Gegenwart (2017)

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See detailTransgression of Taboos in Postdramatic Theater. Productive Aesthetics of Risk
Nonoa, Koku Gnatuloma UL

in Concordia Discors vs Discordia Concors : Researches into Comparative Literature, Contrastive Linguistics, Cross-Cultural and Translation Strategies (2018)

This contribution analyzes Aristotle’s influence on the modern understanding of theater (based on the concept of the drama script) as a restriction and reduction of the potentiality of theater. Therefore ... [more ▼]

This contribution analyzes Aristotle’s influence on the modern understanding of theater (based on the concept of the drama script) as a restriction and reduction of the potentiality of theater. Therefore, it presents a comparative analysis of the objectives of the antique theatrical practices around the 6th and 5th centuries B.C. (before Aristotle) and Schlingensief’s “Action 18, Kill Politic” (2002). It provides also a transcultural examination that helps explain the meaning of the postdramatic transgression of taboos, its productive aesthetics of risk, and its social and political potentiality. Thus, the performance “Action 18, Kill Politic” is analyzed as a process-oriented and experience-based aesthetic of risk as well as a ‘social drama’ in everyday life. [less ▲]

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See detailLe transhumanisme : incarnation de l'hypermodernisme… ou fuite en avant fantasmatique ?
Derian, Maxime UL

in Connexions (2018), 110(2), 73-86

Transhumanism, which appeared the second half of the twentieth century, is an ideological catalyser of a monopolistic concentration in progress in the context of the advent, on a worldwide scale, of ... [more ▼]

Transhumanism, which appeared the second half of the twentieth century, is an ideological catalyser of a monopolistic concentration in progress in the context of the advent, on a worldwide scale, of hypermodernity. It reactualises the old fantasy of infinite youth and the belief in the immortality of the soul by using technoscience to argue in favour of its feasibility. What works in favour of transhumanism is that we would all like to believe in it because it flatters a latent wish to overcome our limits. And yet it is precisely our limits that structure the form and harmony of our bodies and minds and give meaning to our existence. *** Le transhumanisme apparu dans la seconde moitié du xx e siècle est un catalyseur idéologique d’une concentration monopolistique en cours dans le cadre de l’avènement, à l’échelle planétaire, de l’hypermodernité. Il réactualise le vieux fantasme de la jeunesse infinie et la croyance en l’immortalité de l’âme en utilisant la technoscience pour argumenter en faveur de sa faisabilité. Ce qui joue en faveur du transhumanisme, c’est que nous avons tous envie d’y croire car cela flatte un désir latent de s’affranchir de nos limites. Pourtant, ce sont précisément nos limites qui structurent la forme et l’harmonie de notre corps et de notre psyché et donnent un sens à nos existences. [less ▲]

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See detailTransient dynamics of a molecular quantum dot with a vibrational degree of freedom
Riwar, Roman-Pascal; Schmidt, Thomas UL

in Phys. Rev. B (2009), 80

We investigate the transient effects occurring in a molecular quantum dot described by an Anderson-Holstein Hamiltonian, which is instantly coupled to two fermionic leads biased by a finite voltage. In ... [more ▼]

We investigate the transient effects occurring in a molecular quantum dot described by an Anderson-Holstein Hamiltonian, which is instantly coupled to two fermionic leads biased by a finite voltage. In the limit of weak electron-phonon interaction, we use perturbation theory to determine the time dependence of the dot population and the average current. The limit of strong coupling is accessed by means of a self-consistent time-dependent mean-field approximation. These complementary approaches allow us to investigate the dynamics of the inelastic effects occurring when the applied bias voltage exceeds the phonon frequency and the emergence of bistability. [less ▲]

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See detailTransient dynamics of the Anderson impurity model out of equilibrium
Schmidt, Thomas UL; Werner, P.; Mühlbacher, L. et al

in Phys. Rev. B (2008), 78

We discuss the transient effects in the Anderson impurity model that occur when two fermionic continua with finite bandwidths are instantaneously coupled to a central level. We present results for the ... [more ▼]

We discuss the transient effects in the Anderson impurity model that occur when two fermionic continua with finite bandwidths are instantaneously coupled to a central level. We present results for the analytically solvable noninteracting resonant-level system first and then consistently extend them to the interacting case using the conventional perturbation theory and recently developed nonequilibrium Monte Carlo simulation schemes. The main goal is to gain an understanding of the full time-dependent nonlinear current-voltage characteristics and the population probability of the central level. We find that, contrary to the steady state, the transient dynamics of the system depends sensitively on the bandwidth of the electrode material. [less ▲]

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See detailTransient fluctuation theorems for the currents and initial equilibrium ensembles
Polettini, Matteo UL; Esposito, Massimiliano UL

in Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment (2014)

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See detailTransient thermal conduction with variable conductivity using the Meshless Local Petrov–Galerkin method
Karagiannakis, Nikos; Bourantas, Georgios UL; Kalarakis, Alexandros et al

in Applied Mathematics and Computation (2015)

A numerical solution of the transient heat conduction problem with spatiotemporally vari- able conductivity in 2D space is obtained using the Meshless Local Petrov–Galerkin (MLPG) method. The ... [more ▼]

A numerical solution of the transient heat conduction problem with spatiotemporally vari- able conductivity in 2D space is obtained using the Meshless Local Petrov–Galerkin (MLPG) method. The approximation of the field variables is performed using Moving Least Squares (MLS) interpolation. The accuracy and the efficiency of the MLPG schemes are investigated through variation of (i) the domain resolution, (ii) the order of the basis functions, (iii) the shape of the integration site around each node, (iv) the conductivity range, and (v) the volumetric heat capacity range. Steady-state boundary conditions of the essential type are assumed. The results are compared with those calculated by a typical Finite Element method. Specific rectangular-type integration sites are introduced during both steady-state and transient MLPG integration, in order to provide complete surface coverage of the domain without overlapping, and the accuracy of the method is demonstrated in all cases studied. Computational efficiency is also investigated with this MLPG method and found to be slower than FE methods during construction stage, but it clearly surpasses that of FEM approaches during the solution stage on a wide parameter range. [less ▲]

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See detailDer 'Transistor' als technisches und kulturelles Phänomen: Die Transistorisierung der Radio- und Fernsehempfänger in der deutschen Rundfunkindustrie, 1955-1965
Fickers, Andreas UL

Book published by Verlag für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und Technik (1998)

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See detailLa transition de l’école à la vie active au Luxembourg
Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2006, April)

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See detailLa transition des jeunes de l’éducation vers l‘emploi - Der Übergang Jugendlicher von der Ausbildung in die Erwerbstätigkeit
Willems, Helmut UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Peltier, François et al

E-print/Working paper (2013)

C’est à partir de 15 ans que commence la transition des jeunes de l’éducation vers le marché du travail. Cette phase de transition se clôt vers l’âge de 30 ans. À l’âge de 29 ans, 83.7% des jeunes adultes ... [more ▼]

C’est à partir de 15 ans que commence la transition des jeunes de l’éducation vers le marché du travail. Cette phase de transition se clôt vers l’âge de 30 ans. À l’âge de 29 ans, 83.7% des jeunes adultes ont un emploi, 4.1% sont occupés dans leur propre ménage et seulement 3.2% suivent encore une formation. Chez les 25-29 ans, la part des chômeurs est d’autant plus élevée que le niveau d’éducation est faible. De même, dans cette tranche d’âge, les personnes ayant un niveau d’éducation faible travaillent plus souvent dans leur propre ménage. Parmi les jeunes qui ont un emploi, la part des contrats de travail à durée déterminée (CDD) diminue avec l’âge : chez les personnes âgées de 21 ans, la part des CDD est de 23.9 % ; elle recule à 9.9% chez les personnes âgées de 29 ans. 32.2% de l’ensemble des jeunes âgés de 15 à 29 ans et ayant un emploi travaillent dans la branche « administration publique, éducation, santé et action sociale ». En revanche, le pourcentage correspondant n’est que de 0.9% dans l’agriculture. La part des femmes âgées de 15 à 29 ans est la pIus importante dans la branche des « autres services » (74.9%) qui inclut notamment les activités des ménages en tant qu’employeurs et donc les femmes de ménage. Les femmes sont peu représentées dans la construction (9.7%). Les étrangers de 15 à 29 ans sont surrepré-sentés dans la construction, mais également dans les « activités spécialisées, scientifiques et techniques et activités de services administratifs et de soutien » (environ 65% dans ces deux branches). En revanche, les étrangers sont sous-représentés dans la branche « administration publique, éducation et santé et action sociale » (14.7% de l’emploi des 15-29 ans dans cette branche), ainsi que dans l’agriculture (13.3%). Avec 46.9%, près de la moitié des jeunes de nationalité luxembourgeoise travaillent dans le secteur public et parapublic (administration publique, éducation, santé et action sociale). La répartition des jeunes étrangers sur les différentes branches d’activité est plus équilibrée. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition école - vie active : une typologie des mesures pour les jeunes sans qualification
Meyers, Raymond UL

in Actes de l'Université européenne d'été de la FREREF (2005)

Comme dans tous les pays européens, un grand nombre de mesures à destination des jeunes sortis du système scolaire sans qualification ont été mises en place au Luxembourg. Une étude systématique par ... [more ▼]

Comme dans tous les pays européens, un grand nombre de mesures à destination des jeunes sortis du système scolaire sans qualification ont été mises en place au Luxembourg. Une étude systématique par interview semi-dirigée a été réalisée auprès des responsables formation de l'ensemble des 32 dispositifs répertoriés au Luxembourg, en distinguant les mesures spécifiquement destinées aux jeunes et celles destinées pour tout âge, jeunes compris. L'enquête visait surtout à déterminer les caractéristiques des pratiques pédagogiques mises en oeuvre avec les publics concernés. A partir du dépouillement du matériel recueilli, une typologie en trois catégories a été élaborée. Celle-ci est construite sur 10 indicateurs importants : pré-requis, statut de l'apprenant, profil de l'apprenant, activités de remotivation, description de la formation (contenus et méthodes), suivi, stages, formateurs, qualification/certification, débouchés. Elle distingue les formations par le travail (formation "sur le tas" permettant d'apprendre des tâches professionnelles spécifiques ainsi que des compétences sociales de base), les formations d'insertion socio-professionnelle (formations se basant sur un programme de formation défini et donnent droit à une attestation en fonction d'une évaluation) et les formations qualifiantes (formations permettant d'obtenir un diplôme ou un certificat officiel du ministère et donnant droit à un barème salarial légal). Chacun de ces dispositifs a une logique de fonctionnement propre, une certaine cohérence en fonction du profil du groupe cible, des objectifs visés et de la démarche socio-pédagogique adoptée. Chacun de ces dispositifs correspond à des possibilités de travail avec une certaine partie du groupe cible. Situées à des distances spécifiques sur l'axe de transition entre la formation initiale et la vie active, ces types de mesures combinent de façon variable des caractéristiques spécifiques du champ scolaire et du champ professionnel. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition from out-of-home care into adulthood : normative framing of autonomy and social capital. The case of France and Luxembourg.
Kerivel, Aude UL; Peters, Ulla UL

Scientific Conference (2016, March 30)

If the end of youth today generally can no longer bee described as "rite of passage" (Lebreton 2002, Galland, 2007), this might still be true for the situation of young people who have been in out-of-home ... [more ▼]

If the end of youth today generally can no longer bee described as "rite of passage" (Lebreton 2002, Galland, 2007), this might still be true for the situation of young people who have been in out-of-home care. Indeed, the "end of support", educational as well as financial, often ends for them by the age of 18. This is the case in France (in some cases to 21 years olds during the contract signing young adults) and in Luxembourg (sometimes till 24). Far from the possibility "of an endless experimentation" Bozon (2002), these young people face a "clean break" which plunges them into an adult life, which is more likely difficult to reach for them (INED 2006). A survey in France showed that care leavers "are greatly over-represented among homeless populations (estimated 23% of 18-24 years), compared with 2% in the general population). For Luxembourg a report by youth centres managers noted the difficulties for young people with no family support to fit into a very expensive rent. In France and in Luxembourg transitions of young people in care are marked by projects like: «projet individualisé», «projet d’autonomie» or «projet personnel à l’autonomie» (France) and «projet d’autonomisation» (Luxembourg ) The notion and the leading concept of autonomy which shapes these projects will be the focus of our discussion. Based on the results of three evaluations (Kerivel 2013) on the consequences of public policies and programs in this field, a study about the trajectories of 122 former foster children in four villages of children (Dubéchot, Doucet-Dahlgen, Kerivel 2014) and on the first results of the TransCare project (qualitative interviews with care providers) we will discuss what they mean for understanding the transitions of young people growing out-of-care to adulthood. A qualitative study is ongoing on the process of transition in Luxembourg (2015) and the experiences of young people. Results pointed at the isolation of many young people (by changing places and losing relations) and the feelings of powerlessness of the professionals who face an early exit for "young people who are not yet autonomous". Conversely, a place or a group that continues facilitates strong links. The transitions of young people leaving care can be characterized as “zones of vulnerability” (Castell 2000). We will contrast the idea of individualized autonomy (“an individualized defined and stable project”) by the concept of social capital (Bourdieu, 1980) and the concept of a relational agency (Burkitt 2015, Barad 2004, Emirbayer 1997), which points at social and material dependencies and interrelatedness. Herein we see a productive way to enrich the debate on care leavers by a perspective on the agentic potentials. The individual project is embedded in social relations and does not exist without a collective and it cannot be achieved without social resources. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition from pediatric to adult diabetes care: Smooth or slippery?
De Beaufort, Carine UL; Jarosz-Chobot, P.; Frank, M. et al

in Pediatric Diabetes (2010), 11(1), 24-27

de Beaufort C, Jarosz-Chobot P, Frank M, Frank M, de Bart J, Deja G. Transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care: smooth or slippery?Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the practices ... [more ▼]

de Beaufort C, Jarosz-Chobot P, Frank M, Frank M, de Bart J, Deja G. Transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care: smooth or slippery?Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the practices of diabetes health care providers concerning the transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care. The information presented here may help increase awareness of the organization of transitional care for young people with diabetes and prevent the loss of follow-up during this vulnerable period in their lives.Methods: A questionnaire with an explanatory letter was sent to all members (n = 578) of the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD). A follow-up mailing was sent 4 months later.Results: In total, 92 questionnaires (16%) from members representing 36 countries were included in the analysis. In 76% of the centers, youth are seen until the age of 18 yr; 36% of the pediatric centers see adults > 25 yr; 30% report children under the age of 16 receive follow up from adult diabetologists or internists. About half of the programs already have a structured transition process usually targeting youth 16-25 yr of age. The majority of responders propose that preparation for transition starts at least 1 yr prior to leaving the pediatric center.Conclusion: Youth with type 1 diabetes often struggle to keep diabetes management a priority and find it challenging to maintain optimal metabolic control. When they graduate from pediatric care, some of these young people opt out of care altogether, only to resurface in the medical system when they develop complications which may have been prevented. Our survey of diabetes health care professionals in 36 countries worldwide shows that the actual transition practices in many places are far from optimal and require improvement. Transitional care should start early and strategies should promote uninterrupted, comprehensive, and accessible adult care. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S. [less ▲]

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See detailThe transition from youth into adulthood: processes, perspectives, challenges
Willems, Helmut UL; Weis, Daniel UL; Biewers, Sandra UL et al

in MENJE; UL (Eds.) The Transition from Youth into Adulthood. Summary of the National Report on the Situation of Young People in Luxembourg 2015 (2015)

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