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Peer Reviewed
See detailTransfer of Cultural Capital: A Comparative Analysis of the Interconnection of Well-Being, Precariousness, and Insecurity
Samuel, Robin UL; Hupka-Brunner, Sandra; Bergman, Manfred Max

Scientific Conference (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 UL)
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See detailTransfer of strategy use by semantic recoding in arithmetic problem solving
Gamo, Sylvie UL; Sander, Emmanuel; Richard, Jean-François

in Learning and Instruction (2010), 20

Transfer of strategies between problems sharing the same formal structure is facilitated by a semantic recoding that makes evident the structural similarities between the problems. Two experiments were ... [more ▼]

Transfer of strategies between problems sharing the same formal structure is facilitated by a semantic recoding that makes evident the structural similarities between the problems. Two experiments were carried out among 4th and 5th grade pupils, with an experimental group trained to compare strategies in order to reinterpret an arithmetic word problem so that the calculations are consistent with the interpretation, and a control group. The experimental group in Experiment 1 improved significantly by choosing the alternative strategy in problems different from those used in training but no significant progress was observed in the control group. Experiment 2 showed that the improvement observed in the experimental group could not be attributed to the fact that children only learned to use a superficial rule. These results support the idea that the activity of problem re-representation may be a crucial step in mathematization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (4 UL)
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See detailTransfer pricing rules and State aid law
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Panayi, Christiana HJI; Haslehner, Werner; Traversa, Edoardo (Eds.) Research Handbook European Union Taxation Law (2020)

This contribution addresses the interaction of State aid law with transfer pricing rules. A number of high-profile investigations into transfer pricing arrangements approved by Member States’ authorities ... [more ▼]

This contribution addresses the interaction of State aid law with transfer pricing rules. A number of high-profile investigations into transfer pricing arrangements approved by Member States’ authorities, including for companies like Amazon, Apple, and Starbucks has sparked fierce debate over the existence of an EU principle of “arm’s length” taxation and its possible content. The chapter examines this debate and issues pertaining to the relationship between State aid law and double taxation treaties, justifications on the basis of providing double tax relief or protection from tax avoidance, and the scope of administrative discretion that State aid law needs to accord in a highly technical area of national law such as transfer pricing. [less ▲]

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See detailTransfer pricing rules, OECD guidelines, and market distortions
Behrens, Kristian; Peralta, Susana; Picard, Pierre M. UL

in Journal of Public Economic Theory (2014)

We study the impact of transfer pricing rules on sales prices, firms' organizational structure, and consumers' utility within a two-country monopolistic competition model featuring source-based profit ... [more ▼]

We study the impact of transfer pricing rules on sales prices, firms' organizational structure, and consumers' utility within a two-country monopolistic competition model featuring source-based profit taxes that differ across countries. Firms can either become multinationals, i.e., they serve the foreign market through a fully controlled a¢ liate; or they can become exporters, i.e., they serve the foreign market by contracting with an independent distributor. Compared to the benchmark cases, where tax authorities are either unable to audit firms or where they are able to audit them perfectly, the use of the OECD's Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) or Cost-Plus (CP) rule distorts firms' output and pricing decisions. The reason is that the comparable arm's length transactions between exporters and distributors, which serve as benchmarks, are not efficient. We show that implementing the CUP or CP rules is detrimental to consumers in the low tax country, yet benefits consumers in the high tax country. [less ▲]

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See detailTransfereffekte bei der Selbstregulation von Übungsbedingungen
Bund, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2003, January)

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See detailTransferpotenziale des deutschen dualen Studiums. Eine Bestimmung zentraler Faktoren anhand der Fallstudien Brasilien und Frankreich
Graf, Lukas UL; Powell, Justin J W UL; Bernhard, Nadine

in Berufsbildung in Wissenschaft und Praxis (2014), 6/2014

Dem dualen Studium wird das Potenzial zugesprochen, eine wichtige Rolle bei der Kompetenzentwicklung für Berufe des 21. Jahrhunderts zu spielen. Bislang sind duale Studiengänge vor allem ein deutsches ... [more ▼]

Dem dualen Studium wird das Potenzial zugesprochen, eine wichtige Rolle bei der Kompetenzentwicklung für Berufe des 21. Jahrhunderts zu spielen. Bislang sind duale Studiengänge vor allem ein deutsches Phänomen. Derzeit trifft dieses Studienmodell jedoch vermehrt auf das Interesse von ausländischen Bildungsakteuren, die gezielt nach Modellen zur besseren Verknüpfung akademischer und berufspraxisbezogener Lernerfahrungen suchen. Anhand der Länder Frankreich und Brasilien werden allgemeine Bedingungen für einen erfolgreichen Transfer dieses Studienmodells und Möglichkeiten der binationalen Kooperation analysiert. [less ▲]

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See detailTransferring intercellular signals and traits between cancer cells: extracellular vesicles as "homing pigeons"
Cesi, Giulia UL; Walbrecq, Geoffroy UL; Margue, Christiane UL et al

in Cell Communication and Signaling (2016), 14(1), 13

Extracellular vesicles are cell-derived vesicles, which can transport various cargos out of cells. From their cell of origin, the content molecules (proteins, non-coding RNAs including miRNAs, DNA and ... [more ▼]

Extracellular vesicles are cell-derived vesicles, which can transport various cargos out of cells. From their cell of origin, the content molecules (proteins, non-coding RNAs including miRNAs, DNA and others) can be delivered to neighboring or distant cells and as such extracellular vesicles can be regarded as vehicles of intercellular communication or "homing pigeons". Extracellular vesicle shuttling is able to actively modulate the tumor microenvironment and can partake in tumor dissemination. In various diseases, including cancer, levels of extracellular vesicle secretion are altered resulting in different amounts and/or profiles of detectable vesicular cargo molecules and these distinct content profiles are currently being evaluated as biomarkers. Apart from their potential as blood-derived containers of specific biomarkers, the transfer of extracellular vesicles to surrounding cells also appears to be involved in the propagation of phenotypic traits. These interesting properties have put extracellular vesicles into the focus of many recent studies.Here we review findings on the involvement of extracellular vesicles in transferring traits of cancer cells to their surroundings and briefly discuss new data on oncosomes, a larger type of vesicle. A pressing issue in cancer treatment is rapidly evolving resistance to many initially efficient drug therapies. Studies investigating the role of extracellular vesicles in this phenomenon together with a summary of the technical challenges that this field is still facing, are also presented. Finally, emerging areas of research such as the analysis of the lipid composition on extracellular vesicles and cutting-edge techniques to visualise the trafficking of extracellular vesicles are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (10 UL)
See detailTransferring knowledge from locational predictive models into spatial Agent Based Models: generilizing human perception of environment
Sikk, Kaarel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Scientific Conference (2018, March 22)

Predictive models have been used for finding potential archaeological site locations already for more than 40 years. In addition to their extensively used application in cultural heritage management they ... [more ▼]

Predictive models have been used for finding potential archaeological site locations already for more than 40 years. In addition to their extensively used application in cultural heritage management they can also offer insights into past human behaviour in relation to environment. The proposed paper discusses how the information gathered from predictive modelling of archeological settlements, especially the revealed from location determinants, can be transferred to spatial Agent Based Models. We argue that spatial simulation models, especially those based on agents behaviour, above all aim to build theory and create generalisable knowledge. They therefore need to free themselves form local contexts and particular spatial heterogeneities, and automatically test the effect of agents behaviour on a wider range of spatial configurations. In cultural heritage management, models are usually created using geographical variables of existing settlement patterns (eg. water access and land formations). For finding archaeological sites the model needs to be calibrated for specific accuracy and precision. In this paper we focus on defining the potential residential space – an area that could be considered by people of the past as suitable for habitation or specific economic activities. We develop a framework that links geographical variables and behaviour as extracted from empirical studies to the development of a theoretical spatial agent-based model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 UL)
See detailLe transfert des sûretés
Westendorf, Hannes UL

Doctoral thesis (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes transferts de données personnelles vers des pays tiers au regard de la directive européenne relative à la protection des personnes physiques à l'égard du traitement des données à caractère personnel et à la libre circulation des ces données (directive 95/46/CE du 24 octobre 1995)
Prüm, André UL

in Waseda Proceedings of Comparative Law (1998), 2

Les transferts de données personnelles vers des pays tiers au regard de la directive européenne relative à la protection des personnes physiques à l'égard du traitement des données à caractère personnel ... [more ▼]

Les transferts de données personnelles vers des pays tiers au regard de la directive européenne relative à la protection des personnes physiques à l'égard du traitement des données à caractère personnel et à la libre circulation des ces données (directive 95/46/CE du 24 octobre 1995) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (1 UL)
See detailTransformation
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Dictionnaire Joly Sociétés (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 UL)
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See detailLa transformation de la constitution économique européen
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Idoux, Pascal; Auby, Jean-Bernard (Eds.) LE GOUVERNEMENT ECONOMIQUE EUROPEEN (2015)

La présente contribution retrace et évalue les changements et les défis conceptuels, réglementaires et institutionnels liés au modèle européen de « constitution économique ». Ce chapitre démontre que la ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution retrace et évalue les changements et les défis conceptuels, réglementaires et institutionnels liés au modèle européen de « constitution économique ». Ce chapitre démontre que la crise économique et financière actuel a initié une transformation de la « constitution économique » telle que nous la connaissions. Les fondements de la transformation furent posés en plusieurs étapes consécutives, principalement à un niveau intergouvernemental, et souvent en combinant droit de l’Union et droit international public, auxquels se sont ajoutés dans certains cas divers instruments de droit privé. Un défi pour l'avenir est ainsi posé : le développement de ces nouvelles structures devra se faire en conformité avec les principes fondateurs de l’Union, à savoir la transparence, la légitimité démocratique dans le contexte d’une Union de droit. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 219 (25 UL)
See detailLa transformation de la constitution économique européenne
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Auby, Jean - Bernard; Idoux, Pascale (Eds.) Le Gouvernement économique européen (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 142 (9 UL)
See detailDie Transformation des Selbst in der Auseinandersetzung mit kritischen Lebensereignissen
Filipp, Sigrun-Heide; Ferring, Dieter UL

in G. Jüttemann, & H. Thomae (Eds.), Persönlichkeit und Entwicklung (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 249 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Transformation of the ECHR Legal Order and the Post-Enlargement Challenges facing the European Court of Human Rights
Harmsen, Robert UL

in Martinico, Giuseppe; Pollicino, Oreste (Eds.) The National Judicial Treatment of the ECHR and EU Laws: A Comparative Constitutional Approach (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (1 UL)
See detailThe Transformation of the European Economic Constitution
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The current times of constitutional transformation in the EU place the following question on the agenda: Is the ongoing economic crisis demarcating the end of the original conception of a ‘European ... [more ▼]

The current times of constitutional transformation in the EU place the following question on the agenda: Is the ongoing economic crisis demarcating the end of the original conception of a ‘European Economic Constitution’ as it has developed since the early days of the EEC? Or are we witnessing simply a shift towards a new more encompassing model of an EU ‘Economic Constitution’ in which economic government and economic governance tools are used in parallel to deepen integration and continue the spill-over of economic integration into previously national policies? This contribution traces and evaluates conceptual, regulatory, institutional and legitimacy-related changes and challenges to the EU’s model of the ‘Economic Constitution’ as the basic legal framework and conceptions of EU law governing economic policy. This chapter argues that the EU’s constitutional framework in the form of the existing Treaties and General Principles of EU law did not provide an adequate legal framework to cope with the ongoing crisis. This failure has, in our view, initiated an ongoing transformation of the EU’s ‘Economic Constitution’ as we know it. Laying the foundations for the transformation took place in several consecutive steps mostly on the intergovernmental level and often as a combination of EU law, public international law and in some cases mixed with private law instruments. The nature of this development creates challenges regarding ensuring compliance of these newly developed structures with the Union’s foundational principles of ensuring transparency, democratic legitimacy, fundamental rights and effective review mechanisms in the context of a system under the rule of law. In order to illustrate the modes of the continuous transformation of the ‘Eoncomic Constitution’ and to evaluate the direction it is taking, this chapter will start with tracing its origins and follow its evolution over time. It thereby distinguishes two separate but interlinked elements of the ‘Economic Constitution.’ It first looks at the original focus of European regulation regarding what we refer to as ‘micro-economic’ matters with policies including competition law and the control of state aids. This chapter then turns to the evolving focus of EU law the larger questions of economic and fiscal policies which we refer to in the following as the ‘macro-economic’ element of the constitutional framework. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 291 (43 UL)
See detailThe transformation of the European Economic Constitution
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Zaccaroni, Giovanni (Eds.) The Metamorphosis of the European Economic Constitution (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (7 UL)